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Shouzhi Wang, Fukun Ma, Hehe Jiang, Yongliang Shao, Yongzhong Wu, Xiaopeng Hao
Bandgap tunable porous borocarbonitride (BCN) nanosheets were successfully fabricated with cheap and readily available precursors by annealing and exfoliating. The bandgap of the as-prepared BCN materials ranges from 5.5 eV to 1.0 eV, these samples exhibit beneficial structural features suitable for the application in supercapacitors (SCs). Especially, the BCN material with a bandgap of 1.0 eV exhibits great specific surface area (600.9 m2 g‒1), massive active sites and excellent conductivity (10.8 S m‒1)...
May 18, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Mijuan Luo, Hehe Zhang, Yinggang Du, Atif Idrees, Longyan He, Jiahua Chen, Qing E Ji
BACKGROUND: It has been shown that some bacteria can attract their hosts. Our research aimed to identify cultivable bacterial isolates in the guts of sexually mature adult female and male Bactrocera tau and to evaluate their utility in trapping of B. tau. RESULTS: Forty-one strains of bacteria were isolated and identified from B. tau with morphological, physiological, biochemical and 16S rDNA analysis. The dominant bacterial genera shared by both females and males were Enterobacter, Providencia and Serratia...
May 11, 2018: Pest Management Science
Yaxi Xu, Jian Hu, Yunsheng Zhang, Zhanbao Guo, Wei Huang, Ming Xie, Hehe Liu, Shuisheng Hou, Zhengkui Zhou, Chuzhao Lei, Xiaolin Liu
Objective: This study was conducted to estimate the genetic parameters and breeding values of breast meat related traits of Pekin ducks. Selection response was also determined by using ultrasound breast muscle thickness (BMT) measurements in combination with bosom breadth (BB) and keel length (KL) values. Methods: The traits analyzed were breast meat weight (BMW), body weight (BW), breast meat percentage (BMP) and the three parameters of breast meat (BB, KL, and BMT)...
April 12, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
Hengqiang Zhao, Hehe Li
Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) has been increasing across the world with incomplete understanding of its pathogenesis. We aimed to investigate gene alterations and biomarkers contributing to PTC development. A total of five eligible microarray datasets including 94 PTC and 81 normal thyroid samples were included to identify gene expression signatures. Using integrative meta-analysis of expression data (INMEX) program, we identified a total of 2699 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) (1333 overexpressed and 1366 underexpressed genes) in PTC relative to normal thyroid samples...
April 3, 2018: Gene
Xiaotao Sun, Wei Dong, Miao Liu, Caihong Shen, Yuyu Zhang, Jinyuan Sun, Baoguo Sun, Hehe Li, Feng Chen
A modified QuEChERS method coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was developed for analysis of 14 phthalate esters (PAEs) in grain sorghum (GS). Chemical extraction was done with acetonitrile followed by dispersive-solid phase extraction technique with a mixture of sorbents including primary secondary amine and octadecyl silica. Under the optimized condition, the matrix-matched calibration curves for all PAEs showed good linear relationship in the concentration range between 5 and 500 μg/L with correlation coefficients (R2 ) better than 0...
March 25, 2018: Journal of Food Science
Huilan Huang, Da Chen, Shenqiang Hu, Jiwen Wang, Hehe Liu, Jiwei Hu, Liang Li
As a key member of the cytochrome P450 gene superfamily, CYP17 gene encodes 17α-hydroxylase/C17,20-lyase that is critical for directing androgen synthesis. The CYP17 gene has been identified in several species, yet little is known about its distribution and expression profile during goose follicular development. In the present study, we obtained the full-length coding sequence of goose CYP17 (gCYP17) gene for the first time using RACE method. Its sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis suggested that gCYP17 was highly conserved with those of other birds and consisted of four main functional domains like other species...
June 5, 2018: Gene
Cin-Ty A Lee, Hehe Jiang, Elli Ronay, Daniel Minisini, Jackson Stiles, Matthew Neal
On greater than million year timescales, carbon in the ocean-atmosphere-biosphere system is controlled by geologic inputs of CO2 through volcanic and metamorphic degassing. High atmospheric CO2 and warm climates in the Cretaceous have been attributed to enhanced volcanic emissions of CO2 through more rapid spreading at mid-ocean ridges and, in particular, to a global flare-up in continental arc volcanism. Here, we show that global flare-ups in continental arc magmatism also enhance the global flux of nutrients into the ocean through production of windblown ash...
March 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
Hehe Wang, George G Kennedy, Francis P F Reay-Jones, Dominic D Reisig, Michael D Toews, Phillip M Roberts, D Ames Herbert, Sally Taylor, Alana L Jacobson, Jeremy K Greene
Traditional identification of thrips species based on morphology is difficult, laborious, and especially challenging for immature thrips. To support monitoring and management efforts of thrips as consistent and widespread pests of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.), a probe-based quantitative PCR (qPCR) assay with crude DNA extraction was developed to allow efficient and specific identification of the primary species of thrips infesting cotton. The assay was applied to identify over 5,000 specimens of thrips (including 3,366 immatures) collected on cotton seedlings from Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia in 2016...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
Yuanyuan Lin, Cheng Wang, Yajing Hou, Wei Sun, Delu Che, Liu Yang, Tao Zhang, Meng Sun, Huaizhen He, Langchong He
Adverse drug reactions of Danshen injection mainly manifested as pseudoallergic reactions. In the present study, salvianolic acid A and a pair of geometric isomers (isosalvianolic acid C and salvianolic acid C) were identified as pseudoallergic components in Danshen injection by a high-expression Mas-related G protein coupled receptor X2 cell membrane chromatography coupled online with high-performance liquid chromatography with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. Their pseudoallergic activities were evaluated by in vitro assay, which were consistent with the retention times on the cell membrane chromatography column...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Separation Science
Dongrui Zhao, Dongmei Shi, Jinyuan Sun, Anjun Li, Baoguo Sun, Mouming Zhao, Feng Chen, Xiaotao Sun, Hehe Li, Mingquan Huang, Fuping Zheng
One of famous Chinese Baijiu, Gujinggong (GJG) that is produced in Anhui province, belongs to the famous Luzhou-aroma type of Baijiu in regards of its unique flavor characteristics. However, its key aroma-impact volatiles have not been clearly characterized. In this study, a total of 60 aroma compounds of GJG were identified by GC-O and GC-MS, and 35 of them were further recognized as important aroma compounds owing to their OAVs≥1 and sensory evaluation. As a result, its aroma profile was successfully simulated by reconstitution of those 35 and other 11 aroma compounds based on their measured concentrations in the GJG...
March 2018: Food Research International
Hehe Liu, Jiwen Wang, Liang Li, Chunchun Han, Hua He, Hengyong Xu
Geese have the strongest tendency toward broodiness among all poultry. The mechanisms initiating broodiness within the goose hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis (HPGA) are still unclear. Here, we reported the transcriptome differences between laying and initial nesting within the HPGA tissues of geese. We constructed a unigene database based on HPGA tissues and identified 128,148 unigenes, 100% of which have been annotated. By using Digital Gene Expression (DGE) sequencing, we screened 19, 110, 289, and 211 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, stroma ovarii, and follicles, respectively, between laying and nesting geese...
2018: PloS One
Xinzhong Li, Haixiang Ma, Chuanlei Yin, Jie Tang, Hehe Li, Miaomiao Tang, Jingge Wang, Yuping Tai, Xiufang Li, Yishan Wang
We report a novel method to freely transform the modes of a perfect optical vortex (POV). By adjusting the scaling factor of the Bessel-Gauss beam at the object plane, the POV mode transformation can be easily controlled from circle to ellipse with a high mode purity. Combined with the modulation of the cone angle of an axicon, the ellipse mode can be freely adjusted along the two orthogonal directions. The properties of the "perfect vortex" are experimentally verified. Moreover, fractional elliptic POVs with versatile modes are presented, where the number and position of the gaps are controllable...
January 22, 2018: Optics Express
Hehe Wei, Kai Huang, Le Zhang, Binghui Ge, Dong Wang, Jialiang Lang, Jingyuan Ma, Da Wang, Shuai Zhang, Qunyang Li, Ruoyu Zhang, Naveed Hussain, Ming Lei, Li-Min Liu, Hui Wu
Aqueous solution syntheses are mostly based on mixing two solutions with different reactants. It is shown that freezing one solution and melting it in another solution provides a new interesting strategy to mix chemicals and to significantly change the reaction kinetics and thermodynamics. For example, a precursor solution containing a certain concentration of AgNO3 was frozen and dropped into a reductive NaBH4 solution at about 0 °C. The ultra-slow release of reactants was successfully achieved. An ice-melting process can be used to synthesize atomically dispersed metals, including cobalt, nickel, copper, rhodium, ruthenium, palladium, silver, osmium, iridium, platinum, and gold, which can be easily extended to other solution syntheses (such as precipitation, hydrolysis, and displacement reactions) and provide a generalized method to redesign the interphase reaction kinetics and ion diffusion in wet chemistry...
March 19, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Ruoyu Zhang, Kai Huang, Hehe Wei, Dong Wang, Gang Ou, Naveed Hussain, Ziyun Huang, Cheng Zhang, Hui Wu
CdS quantum dots deposited on carbon nitride (g-C3 N4 ) nanosheets have been synthesized by ultra-low temperature (-60 °C) liquid phase precipitation reactions. The obtained CdS quantum dots were uniformly distributed on the surface of the g-C3 N4 nanosheets with an average diameter of 5 nm. Correspondingly, CdS/g-C3 N4 exhibits a highly enhanced photocatalytic performance.
January 30, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Li Ma, Xusheng Du, Yu Dong, Lirong Peng, Xiaonian Han, Jianhua Lyu, Hehe Bai
We describe the first case of Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) occurring 8 days after the first dose of a three-dose rabies vaccination series. She had no history of vaccine-related rash or other adverse drug reactions, nor had she received any other drug therapy. The temporal relationship between the development of SJS and the vaccination suggests that the rabies vaccination probably was the causal agent. This case serves as a warning of a distinct cutaneous reaction of rabies vaccination.
April 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Hehe Wang, Christine McTavish, William W Turechek
Xanthomonas fragariae causes angular leaf spot of strawberry, an important disease in strawberry growing regions worldwide. To better understand how X. fragariae multiplies and moves in strawberry plants, a GFP-labelled strain was constructed and used to monitor the pathogen's presence in leaf, petiole, and crown tissue with fluorescence microscopy following natural and wound inoculation in three strawberry cultivars. Taqman PCR was used to quantify bacterial densities in these same tissues regardless of the presence of GFP signal...
January 3, 2018: Phytopathology
Hengqiang Zhao, Hehe Li, Tao Huang
Thyroid nodules have become a common clinical problem, and the clinical importance of thyroid nodules lies in the determination of thyroid cancer. This study aims to evaluate the risk factors for papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) with regard to urinary iodine concentration (UIC), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb), and thyroglobulin antibody (TGAb) in comparison to thyroid nodular goiter (NG). Among the 2041 patients, 43.8% of which showed more than adequate (UIC 200-299 μg/L) and excessive iodine (UIC ≥ 300...
November 21, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
Hehe Wei, Kai Huang, Da Wang, Ruoyu Zhang, Binghui Ge, Jingyuan Ma, Bo Wen, Shuai Zhang, Qunyang Li, Ming Lei, Cheng Zhang, Joshua Irawan, Li-Min Liu, Hui Wu
Photochemical solution-phase reactions have been widely applied for the syntheses of nanocrystals. In particular, tuning of the nucleation and growth of solids has been a major area of focus. Here we demonstrate a facile approach to generate atomically dispersed platinum via photochemical reduction of frozen chloroplatinic acid solution using ultraviolet light. Using this iced-photochemical reduction, the aggregation of atoms is prevented, and single atoms are successfully stabilized. The platinum atoms are deposited on various substrates, including mesoporous carbon, graphene, carbon nanotubes, titanium dioxide nanoparticles, and zinc oxide nanowires...
November 14, 2017: Nature Communications
Xinxin Li, Jiamin Qiu, Hehe Liu, Yushi Wang, Jiwei Hu, Xiang Gan, Jiwen Wang
Poultry embryos are easily affected by environmental changings during incubation, thereinto, the temperature modification is the most important one, but the mechanism of temperature effects on bird eggs is not clear. By using RNA-seq, we have previously found that endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) may involve in regulating embryonic muscle development of duck under the influence of temperature alteration. To further clarify the role of ERS in the effect, in the present study, we detected the impact of increasing the incubation temperature by 1℃ during embryonic days 10-27 (E10-27) on the development of duck embryos, and investigated the changes in mRNA and protein expression of ERS marker genes and muscle-related genes under the thermal manipulation (TM)...
December 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
Belle Vivica van Rosmalen, Joanne Verheij, Saffire S K S Phoa, Thomas Matthijs van Gulik
We present a case of a 77-year-old male patient with a liver tumour diagnosed as hepatic epithelioid haemangioendothelioma (HEHE), a potentially malignant tumour treated with liver resection. The patient is disease-free 3 years after resection. Imaging features using fludeoxyglucose F 18 positron emission tomography CT and MRI with gadoxic acid as well as histopathological findings are discussed.
November 3, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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