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Limited English Proficiency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311179/medical-interpreters-in-outpatient-practice
#1
Barb Jacobs, Anne M Ryan, Katherine S Henrichs, Barry D Weiss
This article provides an overview of the federal requirements related to providing interpreter services for non-English-speaking patients in outpatient practice. Antidiscrimination provisions in federal law require health programs and clinicians receiving federal financial assistance to take reasonable steps to provide meaningful access to individuals with limited English proficiency who are eligible for or likely to be encountered in their health programs or activities. Federal financial assistance includes grants, contracts, loans, tax credits and subsidies, as well as payments through Medicaid, the Children's Health Insurance Program, and most Medicare programs...
January 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307644/lost-in-translation-caring-for-limited-english-proficiency-patients
#2
Michael Tassavor, Amy Y-Y Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233438/student-led-co-curricular-medical-spanish-training-in-a-pharmacy-professional-program
#3
Linda S Garavalia, Ligaya Chan, Marvin Ortiz, Monica Muniz-Delgado, Jesse F Martinez
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This paper describes a student-led co-curricular training program to increase pharmacy student proficiency with medical Spanish terminology. Western University of Health Sciences (WesternU) pharmacy students frequently can interact with Spanish-speaking patients in experiential rotations. Moreover, the clear majority of program graduates remain in California, a state with a high Spanish-speaking population. Developing foundational knowledge of medical Spanish terminology can enhance communication with Spanish-speaking patients, who may have limited English proficiency and experience a lack of language concordance when interacting with the healthcare system...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226796/-if-i-speak-english-what-am-i-i-am-full-man-me-emotional-impact-and-barriers-for-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-learning-english
#4
Tania Salvo, Amanda C de C Williams
Lack of proficiency in the language of the host country predicts distress among refugees, but many refugees and asylum seekers in the United Kingdom have less than functional English. This study examined how learning English affected refugees' and asylum seekers' lives, particularly their emotional wellbeing, to explore what factors, particularly psychological ones, facilitated or impeded their learning English. We recruited 16 refugees and asylum seekers from an inner-city National Health Service trauma service and from a charity providing one-to-one English classes...
October 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202156/informed-consent-and-the-limited-english-patient-a-pilot-project-with-dental-hygiene-students-to-assess-student-knowledge-perceptions-and-attitudes
#5
Helen C Tarp, Tammy Sanderson, M Elizabeth Fore, Mary A Nies
Informed consent is the process by which a patient agrees to or rejects a proposed plan of treatment after a discussion with the provider about the benefits, risks, and alternative treatments available. In the United States, a signed informed consent form is required before any treatment plan may be implemented. However, there is no literature addressing how students in health professions understand informed consent in the context of encounters with limited English proficient (LEP) patients. The purpose of this interprofessional, interdisciplinary pilot project was to explore and assess Idaho State University's dental hygiene students' knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes associated with the process of informed consent when working with LEP patients in a dental hygiene setting...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197901/deaf-new-zealand-sign-language-users-access-to-healthcare
#6
Joanne Witko, Pauline Boyles, Kirsten Smiler, Rachel McKee
AIMS: The research described was undertaken as part of a Sub-Regional Disability Strategy 2017-2022 across the Wairarapa, Hutt Valley and Capital and Coast District Health Boards (DHBs). The aim was to investigate deaf New Zealand Sign Language (NZSL) users' quality of access to health services. Findings have formed the basis for developing a 'NZSL plan' for DHBs in the Wellington sub-region. METHODS: Qualitative data was collected from 56 deaf participants and family members about their experiences of healthcare services via focus group, individual interviews and online survey, which were thematically analysed...
December 1, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197782/language-minority-children-s-sensitivity-to-the-semantic-relations-between-words
#7
J Marc Goodrich, Christopher J Lonigan
The purpose of this study was to examine automatic language processing among Spanish-speaking language-minority children. A sample of 73 children (mean age = 90.4 months) completed two measures of semantic priming: an auditory lexical decision task and a looking-while-listening task. It was hypothesized that within- and cross-language semantic priming effects would occur but that translation priming effects would not occur. Results from vocabulary assessments indicated that language-minority children in this study were more proficient in English than they were in Spanish...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197036/cancer-genetic-counseling-communication-with-low-income-chinese-immigrants
#8
Janice Ka Yan Cheng, Claudia Guerra, Rena J Pasick, Dean Schillinger, Judith Luce, Galen Joseph
As genetics and genomics become part of mainstream medicine, these advances have the potential to either reduce or exacerbate health disparities. Relatively, little research has explored the quality of genetic counseling communication experienced by limited English proficiency patients, especially Chinese Americans. We observed and audio recorded genetic counseling appointments (n = 40) of low-income, limited English-proficient Chinese patients (n = 25) and conducted post-visit interviews (n = 17) using stimulated recall to examine patient understanding of the communication...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193568/language-barriers-and-their-impact-of-provision-of-care-to-patients-with-limited-english-proficiency-nurses-perspective
#9
Parveen Azam Ali, Roger Watson
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore nurses' perspectives of language barriers and their impact on the provision of care to patients with limited English proficiency from diverse linguistic background. DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative descriptive approach was used. Using individual interviews and focus group discussions, data were collected from 59 nurses working in tertiary care hospitals in England. A thematic analysis was used to analyse the data. FINDINGS: Three themes: 'multi-ethnicities and language barriers'; 'the impact of language barriers'; and 'communicating via interpreters', were identified...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153591/informing-physician-strategies-to-overcome-language-barriers-in-encounters-with-pediatric-patients
#10
Natalie Guerrero, Alissa L Small, Rebecca J Schwei, Elizabeth A Jacobs
OBJECTIVES: To describe physician perceptions of differences in limited English proficient (LEP) pediatric encounters and the behavioral adaptations they make to provide quality care to LEP pediatric patients. METHODS: We conducted 30min, semi-structured interviews with 6 family physicians and 5 pediatricians in one health system. Audiotapes from each interview were transcribed verbatim then coded using content analysis. RESULTS: Multiple aspects of the LEP pediatric encounter were perceived by physicians as different from other encounters: trust and relationship between physician and LEP child/child's family, continuity of care, encounter's structure and flow, patient assessment, and communication barriers...
November 15, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144184/rates-and-predictors-of-professional-interpreting-provision-for-patients-with-limited-english-proficiency-in-the-emergency-department-and-inpatient-ward
#11
Jennifer Ryan, Samantha Abbato, Ristan Greer, Petra Vayne-Bossert, Phillip Good
The provision of professional interpreting services in the hospital setting decreases communication errors of clinical significance and improves clinical outcomes. A retrospective audit was conducted at a tertiary referral adult hospital in Brisbane, Australia. Of 20 563 admissions of patients presenting to the hospital emergency department (ED) and admitted to a ward during 2013-2014, 582 (2.8%) were identified as requiring interpreting services. In all, 19.8% of admissions were provided professional interpreting services in the ED, and 26...
January 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135845/registered-nurse-and-nursing-assistant-perceptions-of-limited-english-proficient-patient-clinician-communication
#12
Clayton Shuman, Mary Montie, Jose Galinato, Lance Patak, Marita Titler
In this article, the authors discuss implications for nurse administrators from a recent qualitative study regarding nursing personnel perceptions of limited English proficient (LEP) patient-clinician communication. Few studies have examined nursing personnel's use and perceptions of communication resources when caring for LEP patients.
December 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133494/multimorbidity-and-decision-making-preferences-among-older-adults
#13
Winnie C Chi, Jennifer Wolff, Raquel Greer, Sydney Dy
PURPOSE: Understanding individuals' preferences for participating in health care decisions is foundational to delivering person-centered care. We aimed to (1) explore preferences for health care decision making among older adults, and (2) identify multimorbidity profiles associated with preferring less active, ie, passive, participation among older US adults. METHOD: Ours was a cross-sectional, nationally representative study of 2,017 National Health and Aging Trends Study respondents...
November 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121920/telephone-triage-utilization-among-patients-with-limited-english-proficiency
#14
Jane W Njeru, Swathi Damodaran, Frederick North, Debra J Jacobson, Patrick M Wilson, Jennifer L St Sauver, Carmen Radecki Breitkopf, Mark L Wieland
BACKGROUND: Communication between patients with limited English proficiency (LEP) and telephone triage services has not been previously explored. The purpose of this study was to determine the utilization characteristics of a primary care triage call center by patients with LEP. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of the utilization of a computer-aided, nurse-led telephone triage system by English proficiency status of patients empaneled to a large primary care practice network in the Midwest United States...
November 9, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121849/attitudes-and-concerns-of-doctors-and-nurses-about-using-a-translation-application-for-in-hospital-brief-interactions-with-korean-patients
#15
Karen Jean Day, Nicole Song
BACKGROUND: New Zealand is becoming more ethnically diverse, with rising numbers of people with limited English language proficiency. Consequently, hospital interactions are increasing where patients have insufficient English to communicate adequately with doctors or nurses for appropriate, effective, and safe care. Translation technology is rapidly evolving, but evidence is limited regarding its usefulness to clinicians. OBJECTIVE: To examine the acceptability to doctors and nurses of a translation application (app) used on a tablet, in brief interactions with Korean patients...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115909/individual-premigration-and-postsettlement-factors-and-academic-achievement-in-adolescents-from-refugee-backgrounds-a-systematic-review-and-model
#16
Charissa W S Wong, Robert D Schweitzer
We have limited understanding of the precursors of academic achievement in resettled adolescents from refugee backgrounds. To date, no clear model has been developed to conceptualise the academic trajectories of adolescents from refugee backgrounds at postsettlement. The current review had two aims. First, to propose an integrated adaptive model to conceptualise the impact of individual, premigration, and postsettlement factors on academic achievement at postsettlement; and second, to critically examine the literature on factors that predict academic achievement in adolescents from refugee backgrounds in relation to the proposed model and highlight issues deserving future exploration...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111464/participant-reported-benefits-of-involvement-in-an-adaptive-sports-program-a-qualitative-study
#17
Emma C Lape, Jeffrey N Katz, Elena Losina, Hannah M Kerman, Marissa A Gedman, Cheri A Blauwet
BACKGROUND: While participation in adaptive sports offers numerous benefits for persons with disabilities, a substantial number of eligible persons do not take part. Previous studies have identified personal and environmental factors that promote or inhibit adaptive sports participation. However, these studies have considered a relatively narrow range of factors. OBJECTIVE: Use qualitative research techniques to identify novel factors that influence participation in a community-based adaptive sports program...
October 27, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110915/plain-language-and-health-literacy-for-the-oncology-family-caregiver-examining-an-english-spanish-mhealth-resource
#18
REVIEW
Joy Goldsmith, Amanda J Young, Lisa Dale, M Paige Powell
OBJECTIVES: To explore an mHealth resource to support the limited-English-proficient cancer family caregiver. DATA SOURCES: Structured interviews with oncology clinic providers to assess a nurse-delivered resource to support health literacy and decision-making along the cancer trajectory. CONCLUSION: Limitations in communicating about oncology care with limited-English caregivers is evident. The mHealth resource examined here shows promise to improve relational health literacy between the oncology nurse and family caregiver...
October 27, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083094/lower-trial-participation-by-culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-cald-cancer-patients-is-largely-due-to-language-barriers
#19
Allan 'Ben' Smith, Meera Agar, Geoff Delaney, Joseph Descallar, Kelsey Dobell-Brown, Melissa Grand, Jennifer Aung, Pinky Patel, Nasreen Kaadan, Afaf Girgis
AIM: Clinical trials play a critical role in advancing cancer care, but international research shows that few cancer patients, particularly culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) patients, participate in trials. This limits generalizability of trial results and increases health disparities. This study aimed to establish rates and correlates of trial participation among CALD patients in South Western Sydney Local Health District (SWSLHD), a highly culturally diverse area. METHODS: Data from all cancer patients diagnosed and/or treated in SWSLHD from January 2006 to July 2016 were analyzed retrospectively...
October 30, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018590/key-factors-in-obstetric-delivery-decision-making-among-asian-and-pacific-islander-women-by-english-proficiency
#20
Chevelle Ma Davis, Mary Guo, Jill Miyamura, Ann Chang, Denise C Nelson-Hurwitz, Tetine Sentell
Childbirth is the most common reason women are hospitalized in the United States. Understanding (1) how expectant mothers gather information to decide where to give birth, and (2) who helps make that decision, provides critical health communication and decision-making insights. Diverse Asian American and Pacific Islander (AA/PI) perspectives on such topics are understudied, particularly among those with limited English proficiency (LEP). LEP is defined as having a limited ability to read, write, speak, or understand English...
October 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
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