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Limited English Proficiency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729814/who-gets-needed-mental-health-care-use-of-mental-health-services-among-adults-with-mental-health-need-in-california
#1
Linda Diem Tran, Ninez A Ponce
BACKGROUND: Timely and appropriate treatment could help reduce the burden of mental illness. PURPOSE: This study describes mental health services use among Californians with mental health need, highlights underserved populations, and discusses policy opportunities. METHODS: Four years of California Health Interview Survey data (2011, 2012, 2013, 2014) were pooled and weighted to the 2013 population to estimate mental health need and unmet need (n=82,706)...
2017: Californian Journal of Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705913/interpretation-modalities-used-on-family-centered-rounds-perspectives-of-spanish-speaking-families
#2
Ashley Anttila, David I Rappaport, Johan Tijerino, Nusrat Zaman, Iman Sharif
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Limited-English-proficient (LEP) patients and families are at risk for worse hospital outcomes due to impaired communication. Family-centered rounds (FCR) have become the preferred format for information sharing among providers and families at pediatric institutions. However, there are limited data on FCR among LEP families, particularly regarding interpretation type. We sought to examine the relationships between interpretation type and FCR satisfaction and efficacy among Spanish-speaking families, the fastest growing LEP population in pediatric hospitals...
July 13, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676414/cultural-competency-training-in-emergency-medicine
#3
Oren J Mechanic, Nicole M Dubosh, Carlo L Rosen, Alden M Landry
BACKGROUND: The Emergency Department is widely regarded as the epicenter of medical care for diverse and largely disparate types of patients. Physicians must be aware of the cultural diversity of their patient population to appropriately address their medical needs. A better understanding of residency preparedness in cultural competency can lead to better training opportunities and patient care. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess residency and faculty exposure to formal cultural competency programs and assess future needs for diversity education...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676091/assessment-of-the-efficiency-of-language-interpreter-services-in-a-busy-surgical-and-procedural-practice
#4
Christopher M Burkle, Kathleen A Anderson, YaPa Xiong, Andrea E Guerra, Daniel A Tschida-Reuter
BACKGROUND: Surgical and procedural patient care settings require efficient patient flow. The primary goal of this study was to assess use and efficiency of language services for our limited English proficiency (LEP) patients undergoing surgical and outpatient procedures. METHODS: Patient language services needs were recorded from our operating room and procedural locations over a two and a half month period in 2016. Time from in-person interpreter request to arrival was recorded...
July 4, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665767/increasing-sexual-and-reproductive-health-education-equity-for-hispanics-in-schools
#5
Ivette Valenzuela-Yu
In the United States, the overall teen birth rate has been decreasing. In 1991, the teen birth rate was 61.8 births for every 1,000 teen females, but in 2014, the same overall rate decreased to 24.2 births for every 1,000 teen females. Unfortunately, this decrease has not reflected equally across all the races/ethnic groups. In 2014, the teen birth rate for Hispanics was 38 births per 1,000 teen females. The NASN is aware about the disparities on teen birth among racial/ethnical groups and has released a specific statement about the role of school nurses on the improvement of pregnancy outcomes...
June 1, 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660354/working-with-the-hmong-population-in-a-genetics-setting-genetic-counselor-perspectives
#6
Aime Agather, Jennifer Rietzler, Catherine A Reiser, Elizabeth M Petty
The Hmong language lacks words for many familiar Western medical genetic concepts which may impact genetic counseling sessions with individuals of Hmong ancestry who have limited English proficiency. To study this interaction, a qualitative, semi-structured interview was designed to address genetic counselors' experiences of genetic counseling sessions working with individuals with Hmong ancestry. Genetic counselors in the three states with the largest population of Hmong individuals (California, Minnesota and Wisconsin) were invited via email to participate in a telephone interview...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650180/acculturation-acculturative-stressors-and-family-relationships-among-latina-o-immigrants
#7
Georgiana Bostean, Brian Joseph Gillespie
OBJECTIVES: Family relationships, widely recognized as core to Latino cultures, are known to vary for Latina/o immigrants based on time in the United States. Less is known about (a) how acculturation explains differences in family relationships by time in the US, and (b) whether acculturative stressors influence different aspects of immigrants' family relationships. Drawing on an expanded acculturation framework, we explore whether and how attitudinal familism, family contact, and family conflict among immigrant Latina/os vary based on acculturation and acculturative stressors...
June 26, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609266/considerations-in-the-neuropsychological-evaluation-and-treatment-of-children-with-limited-english-proficiency
#8
Alonso Cardenas, Laura Villavicencio, Mani Pavuluri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557734/disparities-in-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-autism-in-latino-and-non-latino-white-families
#9
Katharine E Zuckerman, Olivia J Lindly, Nuri M Reyes, Alison E Chavez, Kristy Macias, Kathryn N Smith, Ann Reynolds
OBJECTIVES: To compare barriers to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis and current ASD-related service use among non-Latino white (NLW) families and Latino families with English proficiency (L-EP) or limited English proficiency (L-LEP). METHODS: We conducted a mixed-mode survey of families of children with confirmed ASD seen at specialty clinics in 3 United States cities. Bivariate and multivariate analyses compared barriers to ASD diagnosis, current service use, and unmet therapy need among NLW, L-EP, and L-LEP families...
May 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555729/oral-health-and-dental-care-in-older-asian-americans-in-central-texas
#10
Yuri Jang, Hyunwoo Yoon, Nan Sook Park, David A Chiriboga
OBJECTIVES: To examine factors associated with dental health insurance, self-rated oral health, and use of preventive dental care services in older Asian Americans. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: The Asian American Quality of Life Survey was conducted with 2,614 Asian Americans living in central Texas using questionnaires available in English and six Asian languages. PARTICIPANTS: Asian American Quality of Life Survey participants aged 60 and older (N = 533; mean age = 69...
July 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550705/the-effect-of-language-on-hospital-inpatient-length-of-stay
#11
Nirbhai Singh Pannu, Alexandra Hill-Mann, Gurwinder Gill
As one of the most ethnically diverse countries in the world, Canada is faced with numerous challenges in addressing disparities affecting its healthcare system. One barrier to care is limited English proficiency (LEP). Using electronic medical records, this retrospective study examined the impact of LEP on inpatient length of stay (LOS) in an acute care community hospital. We found that patients in our sample population with LEP had a shorter inpatient LOS by 0.36 days compared with English-proficient (EP) patients...
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542333/it-takes-biking-to-learn-physical-activity-improves-learning-a-second-language
#12
Fengqin Liu, Simone Sulpizio, Suchada Kornpetpanee, Remo Job
Recent studies have shown that concurrent physical activity enhances learning a completely unfamiliar L2 vocabulary as compared to learning it in a static condition. In this paper we report a study whose aim is twofold: to test for possible positive effects of physical activity when L2 learning has already reached some level of proficiency, and to test whether the assumed better performance when engaged in physical activity is limited to the linguistic level probed at training (i.e. L2 vocabulary tested by means of a Word-Picture Verification task), or whether it extends also to the sentence level (which was tested by means of a Sentence Semantic Judgment Task)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534731/speech-recognition-in-nonnative-versus-native-english-speaking-college-students-in-a-virtual-classroom
#13
Dorothy Neave-DiToro, Adrienne Rubinstein, Arlene C Neuman
BACKGROUND: Limited attention has been given to the effects of classroom acoustics at the college level. Many studies have reported that nonnative speakers of English are more likely to be affected by poor room acoustics than native speakers. An important question is how classroom acoustics affect speech perception of nonnative college students. PURPOSE: The combined effect of noise and reverberation on the speech recognition performance of college students who differ in age of English acquisition was evaluated under conditions simulating classrooms with reverberation times (RTs) close to ANSI recommended RTs...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517945/predicting-growth-in-english-and-french-vocabulary-the-facilitating-effects-of-morphological-and-cognate-awareness
#14
Nadia D'Angelo, Kathleen Hipfner-Boucher, Xi Chen
The present study investigated the contribution of morphological and cognate awareness to the development of English and French vocabulary knowledge among young minority and majority language children who were enrolled in a French immersion program. Participating children (n = 75) were assessed in English and French on measures of morphological awareness, cognate awareness, and vocabulary knowledge from Grades 1 to 3. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to investigate linear trends in English and French vocabulary growth for minority and majority language children and to identify metalinguistic contributions to Grade 1 and Grade 3 English and French vocabulary performance and rate of growth...
May 18, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431187/feasibility-of-audio-computer-assisted-self-interviewing-with-color-coding-and-helper-assistance-acasi-h-for-hmong-older-adults
#15
Maichou Lor, Barbara J Bowers
Many older adult immigrants in the US, including Hmong older adults, have limited English proficiency (LEP), and cannot read or have difficulty reading even in their first language (non-literate [NL]). Little has been done to identify feasible data collection approaches to enable inclusion of LEP or NL populations in research, limiting knowledge about their health. This study's purpose was to test the feasibility of culturally and linguistically adapted audio computer-assisted self-interviewing (ACASI) with color-labeled response categories and helper assistance (ACASI-H) for collection of health data with Hmong older adults...
August 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413091/-what-we-have-here-is-a-failure-to-communicate-association-of-preferred-language-with-the-rate-of-psychiatric-consultation
#16
Stephanie G Cheung, Adrienne D Mishkin, Peter A Shapiro
BACKGROUND: In the United States, people with limited English proficiency (LEP) receive poorer medical care than those proficient in English. Few studies demonstrate how linguistic barriers complicate psychiatric care; in consultation-liaison (C-L) psychiatry, there are no published data about care disparities for patients with LEP or for whom English is not the preferred language (PL). OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine if PL affects the psychiatric consultation rate...
February 20, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411329/racial-and-ethnic-difference-in-falls-among-older-adults-results-from-the-california-health-interview-survey
#17
Simona C Kwon, Benjamin H Han, Julie A Kranick, Laura C Wyatt, Caroline S Blaum, Stella S Yi, Chau Trinh-Shevrin
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that fall risk among older adults varies by racial/ethnic groups; however, few studies have examined fall risk among Hispanics and Asian American older adults. METHODS: Using 2011-2012 California Health Interview Survey data, this study examines falling ≥2 times in the past year by racial/ethnic groups (Asian Americans, Hispanics, and Blacks) aged ≥65, adjusting for socio-demographic characteristics, body mass index, co-morbidities, and functional limitations...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393085/perspectives-of-nurses-on-patients-with-limited-english-proficiency-and-their-call-light-use
#18
Jose Galinato, Mary Montie, Clayton Shuman, Lance Patak, Marita Titler
Patients use call light systems to initiate communication with their health care team. Little is known how this process is affected when language barriers exist between an English-speaking nurse and a patient with limited English proficiency (LEP). The aims of this study are to describe (a) the perceptions of nurses regarding their communication with patients with LEP, (b) how call lights affect their communication with patients with LEP, and (c) the perceptions of nurses on the impact of advancement in call light technology on patients with LEP...
August 12, 2016: Global Qualitative Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323607/language-based-inequity-in-health-care-who-is-the-poor-historian
#19
Alexander R Green, Chijioke Nze
Patients with limited English proficiency (LEP) are among the most vulnerable populations. They experience high rates of medical errors with worse clinical outcomes than English-proficient patients and receive lower quality of care by other metrics. However, we have yet to take the issue of linguistic inequities seriously in the medical system and in medical education, tacitly accepting that substandard care is either unavoidable or not worth the cost to address. We argue that we have a moral imperative to provide high-quality care to patients with LEP and to teach our medical trainees that such care is both expected and feasible...
March 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323605/clinicians-obligations-to-use-qualified-medical-interpreters-when-caring-for-patients-with-limited-english-proficiency
#20
Gaurab Basu, Vonessa Phillips Costa, Priyank Jain
Access to language services is a required and foundational component of care for patients with limited English proficiency (LEP). National standards for medical interpreting set by the US Department of Health and Human Services and by the National Council on Interpreting in Health Care establish the role of qualified medical interpreters in the provision of care in the United States. In the vignette, the attending physician infringes upon the patient's right to appropriate language services and renders unethical care...
March 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
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