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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822517/the-effect-of-traditional-persian-music-on-the-cardiac-functioning-of-young-iranian-women
#1
Behzad Abedi, Ataollah Abbasi, Atefeh Goshvarpour, Hamid Tayebi Khosroshai, Elnaz Javanshir
In the past few decades, several studies have reported the physiological effects of listening to music. The physiological effects of different music types on different people are not similar. Therefore, in the present study, we have sought to examine the effects of traditional Persian music on the cardiac function in young women. Twenty-two healthy females participated in this study. ECG signals were recorded in two conditions: rest and music. For each of the 21 ECG signals (15 morphological and six wavelet based feature) features were extracted...
July 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821642/super-optimal-perceptual-integration-suggests-a-place-based-representation-of-pitch-at-high-frequencies
#2
Bonnie K Lau, Anahita H Mehta, Andrew J Oxenham
Pitch, the perceptual correlate of sound repetition rate or frequency, plays an important role in speech perception, music perception, and listening in complex acoustic environments. Despite its perceptual importance, the neural mechanisms underlying pitch remain poorly understood. Although cortical regions responsive to pitch have been identified, little is known about how pitch information is extracted from the inner ear itself. The two primary theories of peripheral pitch coding involve stimulus-driven spike timing, or phase locking, in the auditory nerve (time code), and the spatial distribution of responses along the length of the cochlear partition (place code)...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816136/the-impact-of-music-therapy-on-anxiety-in%C3%A2-cancer-patients-undergoing-simulation-for-radiation-therapy
#3
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Andrew Rossetti, Manjeet Chadha, B Nelson Torres, Jae K Lee, Donald Hylton, Joanne V Loewy, Louis B Harrison
PURPOSE: Radiation therapy (RT) is associated with high stress levels. The role of music therapy (MT) for patients receiving RT is not well described. This study evaluates the impact of MT on anxiety and distress during simulation in patients with newly diagnosed head and neck or breast cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This institutional review board-approved randomized trial of MT versus no MT at the time of simulation included the pre-State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-S Anxiety) questionnaire and Symptom Distress Thermometer (SDT)...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815301/keeping-brains-young-with-making-music
#4
Lars Rogenmoser, Julius Kernbach, Gottfried Schlaug, Christian Gaser
Music-making is a widespread leisure and professional activity that has garnered interest over the years due to its effect on brain and cognitive development and its potential as a rehabilitative and restorative therapy of brain dysfunctions. We investigated whether music-making has a potential age-protecting effect on the brain. For this, we studied anatomical magnetic resonance images obtained from three matched groups of subjects who differed in their lifetime dose of music-making activities (i.e., professional musicians, amateur musicians, and non-musicians)...
August 16, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814736/emotions-alter-muscle-proprioceptive-coding-of-movements-in-humans
#5
Rochelle Ackerley, Jean-Marc Aimonetti, Edith Ribot-Ciscar
Emotions can evoke strong reactions that have profound influences, from gross changes in our internal environment to small fluctuations in facial muscles, and reveal our feelings overtly. Muscles contain proprioceptive afferents, informing us about our movements and regulating motor activities. Their firing reflects changes in muscle length, yet their sensitivity can be modified by the fusimotor system, as found in animals. In humans, the sensitivity of muscle afferents is modulated by cognitive processes, such as attention; however, it is unknown if emotional processes can modulate muscle feedback...
August 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814125/recreational-drug-use-at-a-major-music-festival-trend-analysis-of-anonymised-pooled-urine
#6
Lotte Christine Groth Hoegberg, Cecilie Christiansen, Jesper Soe, Rasmus Telving, Mette Findal Andreasen, Dan Staerk, Lona Louring Christrup, Kenneth Thermann Kongstad
OBJECTIVE: The spread of new psychoactive substances (NPS) has expanded rapidly in the last decade. The complexity of the pharmacological effects of NPS challenges the traditional treatment guidelines, and information of the emergence of new arrivals is valuable. Our knowledge on the actual range of recreational drugs used and NPS available in Denmark is limited as identification is possible only when consumers become patients in the healthcare system or through drug seizures. We aimed to detect classical recreational drugs and NPS in the urine of music festival attendees and evaluate if the use of NPS could have been predicted by comparing study data with drug seizure data from the previous year published by European and Danish health authorities...
August 17, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813899/the-effects-of-auditory-and-visual-cues-on-timing-synchronicity-for-robotic-rehabilitation
#7
Brittney A English, Ayanna M Howard
In this paper, we explore how the integration of auditory and visual cues can help teach the timing of motor skills for the purpose of motor function rehabilitation. We conducted a study using Amazon's Mechanical Turk in which 106 participants played a virtual therapy game requiring wrist movements. To validate that our results would translate to trends that could also be observed during robotic rehabilitation sessions, we recreated this experiment with 11 participants using a robotic wrist rehabilitation system as means to control the therapy game...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813334/the-future-for-pettlep-a-modern-perspective-on-an-effective-and-established-tool
#8
REVIEW
Dave Collins, Howie J Carson
Over the past 15 years there has been much research into the PETTLEP model of motor imagery, originally designed to improve the quality and impact of imagery interventions on sport performance. This article reviews the most recent trends within this research. Despite a suggested change of underpinning mechanisms involved, there is much support for the positive impact of the model when applied within the sporting context and with engaged participants. The model also appears to have provided impact in fields other than sport, such as medicine and music...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812976/learning-and-recognition-of-tactile-temporal-sequences-by-mice-and-humans
#9
Michael R Bale, Malamati Bitzidou, Anna Pitas, Leonie S Brebner, Lina Khazim, Stavros T Anagnou, Caitlin D Stevenson, Miguel Maravall
The world around us is replete with stimuli that unfold over time. When we hear an auditory stream like music or speech or scan a texture with our fingertip, physical features in the stimulus are concatenated in a particular order. This temporal patterning is critical to interpreting the stimulus. To explore the capacity of mice and humans to learn tactile sequences, we developed a task in which subjects had to recognise a continuous modulated noise sequence delivered to whiskers or fingertips, defined by its temporal patterning over hundreds of milliseconds...
August 16, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811839/three-ways-for-art-to-stimulate-the-mind
#10
Michael Drucquer
The relevance of the arts to medical practice is not always immediately apparent. Here, three examples are given from literature, visual arts and music which demonstrate links not normally found in medical texts.
July 2017: London Journal of Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811307/an-interview-with-jenny-nichols
#11
Aidan Maartens
Jennifer Nichols is a Principal Investigator at the Cambridge Stem Cell Institute and Department of Physiology, Development and Neuroscience at the University of Cambridge, UK. Her lab works on lineage segregation and the establishment of pluripotency in the mammalian embryo. In 2017 she was awarded the British Society for Developmental Biology's Cheryll Tickle Medal, given to mid-career female scientists with outstanding achievements in developmental biology. We met Jenny in her Cambridge office to talk about pluripotency in vitro and in vivo, the importance of collaboration in her career path, and what playing a musical instrument has in common with research...
August 15, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810159/hair-testing-to-assess-both-known-and-unknown-use-of-drugs-amongst-ecstasy-users-in-the-electronic-dance-music-scene
#12
Joseph J Palamar, Alberto Salomone, Enrico Gerace, Daniele Di Corcia, Marco Vincenti, Charles M Cleland
BACKGROUND: Data on both known and unknown drug use in the electronic dance music (EDM) scene is important to inform prevention and harm reduction. While surveys are the most common method of querying drug use, additional biological data can help validate use and detect unknown/unintentional use of drugs such as new psychoactive substances (NPS). We sought to determine the extent of both known and unknown use of various substances in this high-risk scene. METHODS: We hair-tested 90 self-reported past-year ecstasy/MDMA/Molly users attending EDM parties in New York City during the summer of 2016 using UHPLC-MS/MS...
August 12, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809653/effectiveness-of-environment-based-interventions-that-address-behavior-perception-and-falls-in-people-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-related-major-neurocognitive-disorders-a-systematic-review
#13
Lou Jensen, René Padilla
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review evaluated the effectiveness of environment-based interventions that address behavior, perception, and falls in the home and other settings for people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related major neurocognitive disorders (NCDs). METHOD: Database searches were limited to outcomes studies published in English in peer-reviewed journals between January 2006 and April 2014. RESULTS: A total of 1,854 articles were initially identified, of which 42 met inclusion criteria...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809630/aplikace-plazmy-obohacen%C3%A3-o-trombocyty-a-leukocyty-k-later%C3%A3-ln%C3%A3-mu-epikondylu-humeru
#14
P Walder, L Paša, L Pavliska
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The aim of the study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the application of platelet- and leukocyte-rich plasma (L-PRP) in the treatment of lateral humeral epicondyle (ERH) as compared to the administration of corticosteroid therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS It was a prospective, double-blind and randomized clinical trial. It included a total of 25 cases of ERH in 23 patients aged 18 to 60 years. They were divided into two arms: L-PRP arm with 10 cases and corticosteroid arm with 15 cases...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806336/musical-rehabilitation-in-adult-cochlear-implant-recipients-with-a-self-administered-software
#15
Leah Smith, Lee Bartel, Samidha Joglekar, Joseph Chen
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine if a self-administered computer-based rehabilitation program could improve music appreciation and speech understanding in adults who have a cochlear implant (CI). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Tertiary adult CI program. PATIENTS: Twenty-one postlingually deafened cochlear implant users between the ages of 27 and 79 years were recruited. INTERVENTIONS(S): A self-administered music rehabilitative software was designed to help improve the perception of musical patterns of increasing complexity, as well as pitch and timbre perception, premised on focused and divided attention...
September 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806333/what-does-music-sound-like-for-a-cochlear-implant-user
#16
Nicole T Jiam, Meredith T Caldwell, Charles J Limb
OBJECTIVE: Cochlear implant research and product development over the past 40 years have been heavily focused on speech comprehension with little emphasis on music listening and enjoyment. The relatively little understanding of how music sounds in a cochlear implant user stands in stark contrast to the overall degree of importance the public places on music and quality of life. The purpose of this article is to describe what music sounds like to cochlear implant users, using a combination of existing research studies and listener descriptions...
September 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806331/cochlear-implants-meet-regenerative-biology-state-of-the-science-and-future-research-directions
#17
Alain Dabdoub, Koji Nishimura
: The cochlear implant, the first device to restore a human sense, is an electronic substitute for lost mechanosensory hair cells. It has been successful at providing hearing to people with severe to profound hearing loss and as of 2012, an estimated 324,000 patients worldwide have received cochlear implants. Users of cochlear implants however, suffer from difficulties in processing complex sounds such as music and in discriminating sounds in noisy environments. Recent advances in regenerative biology and medicine are opening new avenues for enhancing the efficacy of cochlear implants by improving the neural interface in the future and offer the possibility of an entirely biological solution for hearing loss in the long term...
September 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803535/robotic-assistance-for-training-finger-movement-using-a-hebbian-model-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Justin B Rowe, Vicky Chan, Morgan L Ingemanson, Steven C Cramer, Eric T Wolbrecht, David J Reinkensmeyer
BACKGROUND: Robots that physically assist movement are increasingly used in rehabilitation therapy after stroke, yet some studies suggest robotic assistance discourages effort and reduces motor learning. OBJECTIVE: To determine the therapeutic effects of high and low levels of robotic assistance during finger training. METHODS: We designed a protocol that varied the amount of robotic assistance while controlling the number, amplitude, and exerted effort of training movements...
August 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800631/lack-of-spacing-effects-during-piano-learning
#19
Melody Wiseheart, Annalise A D'Souza, Jacey Chae
Spacing effects during retention of verbal information are easily obtained, and the effect size is large. Relatively little evidence exists on whether motor skill retention benefits from distributed practice, with even less evidence on complex motor skills. We taught a 17-note musical sequence on a piano to individuals without prior formal training. There were five lags between learning episodes: 0-, 1-, 5-, 10-, and 15-min. After a 5-min retention interval, participants' performance was measured using three criteria: accuracy of note playing, consistency in pressure applied to the keys, and consistency in timing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800468/the-mmn-as-a-viable-and-objective-marker-of-auditory-development-in-ci-users
#20
REVIEW
Risto Näätänen, Bjørn Petersen, Ritva Torppa, Eila Lonka, Peter Vuust
In the present article, we review the studies on the use of the mismatch negativity (MMN) as a tool for an objective assessment of cochlear-implant (CI) functioning after its implantation and as a function of time of CI use. The MMN indexes discrimination of different sound stimuli with a precision matching with that of behavioral discrimination and can therefore be used as its objective index. Importantly, these measurements can be reliably carried out even in the absence of attention and behavioral responses and therefore they can be extended to populations that are not capable of behaviorally reporting their perception such as infants and different clinical patient groups...
July 20, 2017: Hearing Research
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