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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458113/poorer-positive-affect-in-response-to-self-paced-exercise-among-the-obese
#1
Hassan M Elsangedy, Paulo H D Nascimento, Daniel G S Machado, Kleverton Krinski, Sarah J Hardcastle, Sérgio G DaSilva
We aimed to investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) and affective response, ratings of perceived exertion (RPE), and physiological responses during self-paced exercise. Sixty-six women were divided into three groups accordingly with the BMI: obese (n = 22: 33.5 ± 8.5 yr; 34.9 ± 4.1 kg∙m-2 ), overweight (n = 22: 34.8 ± 8.6 yr; 26.4 ± 1.3 kg∙m-2 ), and normal-weight (n = 22: 30.8 ± 9.3 yr; 22.0 ± 1.6 kg∙m-2 ). They underwent a graded exercise test and a 20-min self-paced walking session on a treadmill...
February 16, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457647/learning-of-hierarchical-serial-patterns-emerges-in-infancy
#2
David J Lewkowicz, Mark A Schmuckler, Diane M J Mangalindan
Recursive, hierarchically organized serial patterns provide the underlying structure in many cognitive and motor domains including speech, language, music, social interaction, and motor action. We investigated whether learning of hierarchical patterns emerges in infancy by habituating 204 infants to different hierarchical serial patterns and then testing for discrimination and generalization of such patterns. Results indicated that 8- to 10-month-old and 12- to 14-month-old infants exhibited sensitivity to the difference between hierarchical and non-hierarchical structure but that 4- to 6-month-old infants did not...
February 19, 2018: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457602/examination-of-previously-published-data-to-identify-patterns-in-the-social-representation-of-loud-music-in-young-adults-across-countries
#3
Vinaya Manchaiah, Fei Zhao, Susan Oladeji, Pierre Ratinaud
Purpose: The current study was aimed at understanding the patterns in the social representation of loud music reported by young adults in different countries. Materials and Methods: The study included a sample of 534 young adults (18-25 years) from India, Iran, Portugal, United Kingdom, and United States. Participants were recruited using a convince sampling, and data were collected using the free association task. Participants were asked to provide up to five words or phrases that come to mind when thinking about "loud music...
January 2018: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455708/developing-public-health-initiatives-through-understanding-motivations-of-the-audience-at-mass-gathering-events
#4
Alison Hutton, Jamie Ranse, Matthew Brendan Munn
This report identifies what is known about audience motivations at three different mass-gathering events: outdoor music festivals, religious events, and sporting events. In light of these motivations, the paper discusses how these can be harnessed by the event organizer and Emergency Medical Services. Lastly, motivations tell what kinds of interventions can be used to achieve an understanding of audience characteristics and the opportunity to develop tailor-made programs to maximize safety and make long-lasting public health interventions to a particular "cohort" or event population...
February 19, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454656/rhythm-and-orthopedics-the-effect-of-music-therapy-in-cast-room-procedures-a-prospective-clinical-trial
#5
Tolga Tolunay, Vedat Bicici, Hatice Tolunay, Mehmet Orcun Akkurt, Arslan Kagan Arslan, Ali Aydogdu, Izzet Bingol
INTRODUCTION: Cast room procedures generally cause anxiety in patients. Anxiety complicates the procedure as well as increases the risk of a complication. Listening to music was found to be the safest and most common non-drug treatment method. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of listening to music on adult patients in cast room procedures. This study points out the relation between anxiety and anxiety relevant cardiac arrhythmia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was performed on 199 patients with stable general condition, aged above 18...
February 7, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454511/musical-deficits-and-cortical-thickness-in-people-with-schizophrenia
#6
Ryosuke Fujito, Masayoshi Minese, Sanae Hatada, Naoto Kamimura, Shigeru Morinobu, Donna J Lang, William G Honer, Ken Sawada
Investigation of acquired amusia caused by brain damage suggested that cortical lesions of the right hemisphere contributed to musical deficits. We previously reported reduced musical ability in schizophrenia; these deficits were correlated with clinical manifestations such as cognitive dysfunction and negative symptoms. However, the neural substrate underlying the musical disability in schizophrenia remains unclear. We investigated the relationship between musical deficits and cortical thickness in patients with schizophrenia using structural MRI...
February 14, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452016/the-effect-of-rap-hip-hop-music-on-young-adult-smoking-an-experimental-study
#7
Zeena Harakeh, Tom F M Ter Bogt
BACKGROUND: Music may influence young people's behavior through its lyrics. Substance use references occur more frequently in rap/hip-hop than in other music genres. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to examine whether the exposure to rap/hip-hop lyrics referring to substance use affected cigarette smoking. METHODS: An experiment with a 3-group between subject design was conducted among 74 daily-smoking young adults ranging in age from 17 to 25 years old...
February 16, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451190/music-box-spine-keratoderma
#8
Tasleem Arif, Mohammad Adil, Suhailur Rehman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451014/the-music-method-a-fast-and-quasi-optimal-solution-to-the-muscle-forces-estimation-problem
#9
A Muller, C Pontonnier, G Dumont
The present paper aims at presenting a fast and quasi-optimal method of muscle forces estimation: the MusIC method. It consists in interpolating a first estimation in a database generated offline thanks to a classical optimization problem, and then correcting it to respect the motion dynamics. Three different cost functions - two polynomial criteria and a min/max criterion - were tested on a planar musculoskeletal model. The MusIC method provides a computation frequency approximately 10 times higher compared to a classical optimization problem with a relative mean error of 4% on cost function evaluation...
February 16, 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450971/evaluation-of-an-abutment-level-superpower-sound-processor-for-bone-anchored-hearing
#10
Arjan J Bosman, Ivo J Kruyt, Emmanuel Am Mylanus, Myrthe Ks Hol, Ad Fm Snik
OBJECTIVES: Performance of an abutment-level superpower sound processor for bone-anchored hearing, the Ponto 3 SuperPower from Oticon Medical (BCD2), was compared to an earlier model from Oticon Medical (BCD1). DESIGN: A comparative study in which each patient serves as its own control. SETTING: Tertiary clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Eighteen experienced BCD1 users with profound mixed hearing loss. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: speech reception thresholds in noise; APHAB and SSQ questionnaires...
February 16, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447711/no-355-physiologic-basis-of-pain-in-labour-and-delivery-an-evidence-based-approach-to-its-management
#11
Julie Bonapace, Guy-Paul Gagné, Nils Chaillet, Raymonde Gagnon, Emmanuelle Hébert, Sarah Buckley
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence relating to nonpharmacological approaches in the management of pain during labour and delivery. To formulate recommendations for the usage of nonpharmacological approaches to pain management. OPTIONS: Nonpharmacological methods available for pain management during labour and delivery exist. These should be included in the counselling and care of women. EVIDENCE: PubMed and Medline were searched for articles in French and English on subjects related to "breastfeeding," "pain," "epidural," "anaesthesia," "analgesia," "labour," "labor," and combined with "gate control theory," "alternative therapies," "massage," "position," "mobility," "TENS," "bathing," "DNIC," "acupuncture," "acupressure," "sterile water injection," "higher center," "control mind," "cognitive structuring," "holistic health," "complementary therapy(ies)," "breathing," "relaxation," "mental imagery," "visualization," "mind focusing," "hypnosis," "auto-hypnosis," "sophrology," "mind and body interventions," "music," "odors," "biofeedback," "Lamaze," "Bonapace," "prenatal training," "gymnastic," "chanting," "haptonomy," "environment," "transcutaneous electrical stimulus-stimulation," "antenatal education," "support," "continuous support," "psychosocial support," "psychosomatic medicine," "supportive care," "companion," "intrapartum care," "nurse," "midwife(ves)," "father," "doula," "caregiver," " hormones," "oxytocin," "endorphin," "prolactin," "catecholamine," "adrenaline," and "noradrenaline" from 1990 to December 2015...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447561/effects-of-induced-sad-mood-on-facial-emotion-perception-in-young-and-older-adults
#12
Louisa Lawrie, Margaret C Jackson, Louise H Phillips
Older adults perceive less intense negative emotion in facial expressions compared to younger counterparts. Prior research has also demonstrated that mood alters facial emotion perception. Nevertheless, there is little evidence which evaluates the interactive effects of age and mood on emotion perception. This study investigated the effects of sad mood on younger and older adults' perception of emotional and neutral faces. Participants rated the intensity of stimuli while listening to sad music and in silence...
February 15, 2018: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446662/parents-knowledge-and-beliefs-about-the-impact-of-exposure-to-media-violence-on-children-s-aggression
#13
Nahla Mansour Al-Ali, Hadeel Said Yaghy, Khulood K Shattnawi, Noha M Al-Shdayfat
The current study aimed to assess Jordanian parents' knowledge and beliefs about the effects of violent media on children's aggressive behavior. A sample of 262 parents of children aged 6-11 years completed a Media Quotient questionnaire about children's media habits, media effects, and children's aggressive behavior. Parents reported that their children spend an average of 4.83 h (SD = 2.12) watching TV, 3.20 h (SD = 2.29) playing video games, 1.07 h (SD = 0.88) listening to music, and only 0.52 min (SD = 0...
February 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446535/translocality-network-structure-and-music-worlds-underground-metal-in-the-united-kingdom
#14
Rachel Emms, Nick Crossley
Translocal music worlds are often defined as networks of local music worlds. However, their networked character and more especially their network structure is generally assumed rather than concretely mapped and explored. Formal social network analysis (SNA) is beginning to attract interest in music sociology but it has not previously been used to explore a translocal music world. In this paper, drawing upon a survey of the participation of 474 enthusiasts in 148 live music events, spread across 6 localities, we use SNA to explore a significant "slice" of the network structure of the U...
February 2018: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444160/towards-the-use-of-similarity-distances-to-music-genre-classification-a-comparative-study
#15
Izaro Goienetxea, José María Martínez-Otzeta, Basilio Sierra, Iñigo Mendialdua
Music genre classification is a challenging research concept, for which open questions remain regarding classification approach, music piece representation, distances between/within genres, and so on. In this paper an investigation on the classification of generated music pieces is performed, based on the idea that grouping close related known pieces in different sets -or clusters- and then generating in an automatic way a new song which is somehow "inspired" in each set, the new song would be more likely to be classified as belonging to the set which inspired it, based on the same distance used to separate the clusters...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444093/the-high-prevalence-of-playing-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-prmds-and-its-associated-factors-in-amateur-musicians-playing-in-student-orchestras-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Laura M Kok, Karlijn A Groenewegen, Bionka M A Huisstede, Rob G H H Nelissen, A Boni M Rietveld, Saskia Haitjema
OBJECTIVE: Despite the high number of amateur musicians in the general population, little is known about the musculoskeletal health of amateur musicians. Playing a musical instrument is supposed to be a risk factor for the development of musculoskeletal complaints. This study aimed to evaluate playing-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs) among amateur musicians playing in student orchestras. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: 357 members of eleven Dutch student orchestras across the Netherlands were included in this study...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441035/decision-making-strategy-and-the-simultaneous-processing-of-syntactic-dependencies-in-language-and-music
#17
M P Roncaglia-Denissen, Fleur L Bouwer, Henkjan Honing
Despite differences in their function and domain-specific elements, syntactic processing in music and language is believed to share cognitive resources. This study aims to investigate whether the simultaneous processing of language and music share the use of a common syntactic processor or more general attentional resources. To investigate this matter we tested musicians and non-musicians using visually presented sentences and aurally presented melodies containing syntactic local and long-distance dependencies...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440307/community-group-membership-and-multidimensional-subjective-well-being-in-older-age
#18
Daisy Fancourt, Andrew Steptoe
BACKGROUND: It has been highlighted as a public health priority to identify ways of supporting well-being in older age to allow people to lead healthy and integrated lifestyles. This study explored whether membership in eight different sorts of community groups was associated with enhanced experienced, evaluative and eudemonic well-being among older adults. METHODS: We analysed data from 2548 adults aged 55+ drawn from the English Longitudinal Study of Aging. We used multivariate logistic and linear regression models to compare change in well-being between baseline and follow-up 10 years later in relation to membership of different community groups while controlling for potential confounding variables...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439495/active-electro-location-of-objects-in-the-underwater-environment-based-on-the-mixed-polarization-multiple-signal-classification-algorithm
#19
Yidong Xu, Wenjing Shang, Lili Guo, Junwei Qi, Yingsong Li, Wei Xue
This article proposes a novel active localization method based on the mixed polarization multiple signal classification (MP-MUSIC) algorithm for positioning a metal target or an insulator target in the underwater environment by using a uniform circular antenna (UCA). The boundary element method (BEM) is introduced to analyze the boundary of the target by use of a matrix equation. In this method, an electric dipole source as a part of the locating system is set perpendicularly to the plane of the UCA. As a result, the UCA can only receive the induction field of the target...
February 11, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439208/swisher-sweets-artist-project-using-musical-events-to-promote-cigars
#20
Ollie Ganz, Shyanika W Rose, Jennifer Cantrell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2018: Tobacco Control
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