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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239655/music-to-my-ears-age-related-decline-in-musical-and-facial-emotion-recognition
#1
Ryan Sutcliffe, Peter G Rendell, Julie D Henry, Phoebe E Bailey, Ted Ruffman
We investigated young-old differences in emotion recognition using music and face stimuli and tested explanatory hypotheses regarding older adults' typically worse emotion recognition. In Experiment 1, young and older adults labeled emotions in an established set of faces, and in classical piano stimuli that we pilot-tested on other young and older adults. Older adults were worse at detecting anger, sadness, fear, and happiness in music. Performance on the music and face emotion tasks was not correlated for either age group...
December 2017: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239631/video-game-training-does-not-enhance-cognitive-ability-a-comprehensive-meta-analytic-investigation
#2
Giovanni Sala, K Semir Tatlidil, Fernand Gobet
As a result of considerable potential scientific and societal implications, the possibility of enhancing cognitive ability by training has been one of the most influential topics of cognitive psychology in the last two decades. However, substantial research into the psychology of expertise and a recent series of meta-analytic reviews have suggested that various types of cognitive training (e.g., working memory training) benefit performance only in the trained tasks. The lack of skill generalization from one domain to different ones-that is, far transfer-has been documented in various fields of research such as working memory training, music, brain training, and chess...
December 14, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238417/the-effect-of-music-intervention-on-dental-anxiety-during-dental-extraction-procedure
#3
Tantry Maulina, Nina Djustiana, M Nurhalim Shahib
Background: In order to minimize the possibility of unsuccessful dental extraction procedure due to dental anxiety, there are several approaches that can be used, including music intervention. Objective: The objective of this research was to investigate the effectiveness of classical and religious Islamic music on reducing dental anxiety. Materials and methods: Two hundred and twenty-five muslim participants (105 males, 120 females) were recruited for this study and randomly assigned to three groups: classical music group, religious Islamic music group, and the group with no music intervention, equally in numbers...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238387/the-tight-interlocked-rhythm-section-production-and-perception-of-synchronisation-in-jazz-trio-performance
#4
Alex Hofmann, Brian C Wesolowski, Werner Goebl
This study investigates the production and perception of timing, synchronisation and dynamics in jazz trio performances. In a production experiment, six trio combinations of one saxophonist, two bassists, and three drummers were recorded while they performed three popular jazz songs. Onset timing and dynamics of each performer were extracted and analysed. Results showed that the tempo was significantly influenced by the timing of the drummers and all performers showed higher temporal precision on the backbeats...
2017: Journal of New Music Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238318/auditory-perceptual-abilities-are-associated-with-specific-auditory-experience
#5
Yael Zaltz, Eitan Globerson, Noam Amir
The extent to which auditory experience can shape general auditory perceptual abilities is still under constant debate. Some studies show that specific auditory expertise may have a general effect on auditory perceptual abilities, while others show a more limited influence, exhibited only in a relatively narrow range associated with the area of expertise. The current study addresses this issue by examining experience-dependent enhancement in perceptual abilities in the auditory domain. Three experiments were performed...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238298/enhancement-of-pleasure-during-spontaneous-dance
#6
Nicolò F Bernardi, Antoine Bellemare-Pepin, Isabelle Peretz
Dancing emphasizes the motor expression of emotional experiences. The bodily expression of emotions can modulate the subjective experience of emotions, as when adopting emotion-specific postures and faces. Thus, dancing potentially offers a ground for emotional coping through emotional enhancement and regulation. Here we investigated the emotional responses to music in individuals without any prior dance training while they either freely danced or refrained from movement. Participants were also tested while imitating their own dance movements but in the absence of music as a control condition...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237339/multimodal-rehabilitation-in-the-late-phase-after-stroke-enhances-the-life-situation-of-informal-caregivers
#7
Lina Bunketorp-Käll, Åsa Lundgren-Nilsson, Michael Nilsson, Christian Blomstrand
Purpose The burden of caregiving for stroke survivors is well known, but the effect of late stroke rehabilitation on the life situation of informal caregivers is unknown. Here, we assessed changes in the life situation of informal caregivers of stroke survivors enrolled in a multimodal intervention trial. Methods This controlled study was a questionnaire-based survey accompanying a three-armed randomized controlled trial of 123 stroke survivors. The care recipients of 106 caregivers who chose to participate were assigned to rhythm-and-music-based therapy (R-MT; n = 37), horse-riding therapy (H-RT; n = 37), or delayed intervention (control group, n = 32)...
December 13, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235615/-music-therapy-as-a-non-pharmacological-treatment-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#8
N Garcia-Casares, R M Moreno-Leiva, J A Garcia-Arnes
INTRODUCTION: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease which involves, among other manifestations, a progressive deterioration of memory and language, as well as behavioral disorders. In addition to non-curative pharmacological therapies, for the last years, music therapy has been developed as an effective non-pharmacological therapy in order to relieve many of these manifestations. AIM: To analyze the recent scientific evidence about the effect of music therapy on cognitive and behavioral symptoms in patients with AD...
December 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232868/signal-subspace-smoothing-technique-for-time-delay-estimation-using-music-algorithm
#9
Meng Sun, Yide Wang, Cédric Le Bastard, Jingjing Pan, Yuehua Ding
In civil engineering, Time Delay Estimation (TDE) is one of the most important tasks for the media structure and quality evaluation. In this paper, the MUSIC algorithm is applied to estimate the time delay. In practice, the backscattered echoes are highly correlated (even coherent). In order to apply the MUSIC algorithm, an adaptation of signal subspace smoothing is proposed to decorrelate the correlation between echoes. Unlike the conventional sub-band averaging techniques, we propose to directly use the signal subspace, which can take full advantage of the signal subspace and reduce the influence of noise...
December 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231958/medical-issues-in-playing-the-oboe-a-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Sofia Banzhoff, Maria Del Mar Ropero, Gabriele Menzel, Tatjana Salmen, Manfred Gross, Philipp P Caffier
Playing a musical instrument can affect physical and mental health. A literature review was conducted to determine the prevalence of health problems among oboists, which medical conditions can be caused or exacerbated by playing, whether oboe playing can be a protective factor, and whether recommendations are possible as to who should or should not play the oboe. Searches in 7 databases (Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, SocIndex, PsyIndex, Psychinfo) yielded a total of 950 studies; after exclusion of duplicates and those not meeting eligibility criteria, 37 articles were selected for final analysis...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231878/greek-medicine-practice-at-ancient-rome-the-physician-molecularist-asclepiades
#11
Luigi Santacroce, Lucrezia Bottalico, Ioannis Alexandros Charitos
Background: In the pre-Hellenistic period, the concept of medicine was not well-defined. Usually, a disease was considered as a divine punishment and its treatment was devolved to the priests who asked for healing from the divinities. The only job that could be compared to medical practice was a kind of itinerant medicine, derived from the Egyptian therapeutic tradition based only on practical experience and performed by people that knew a number of remedies, mostly vegetable, but without any theoretical bases about the possible mechanisms of action...
December 12, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231722/selenium-iv-sorption-onto-%C3%AE-al2o3-a-consistent-description-of-the-surface-speciation-by-spectroscopy-and-thermodynamic-modeling
#12
Natalia Mayordomo, Harald Foerstendorf, Johannes Lutzenkirchen, Karsten Heim, Stephan Weiss, Ursula Alonso, Tiziana Missana, Katja Schmeide, Norbert Jordan
The sorption processes of Se(IV) onto γ-Al2O3 were studied by in situ Infrared spectroscopy, batch sorption studies, zeta potential measurements and Surface Complexation Modeling (SCM) in the pH range from 5 to 10. In situ Attenuated Total Reflection Fourier-transform Infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy revealed the predominant formation of a single inner-sphere surface species at the alumina surface, supporting previously reported EXAFS results, irrespective of the presence or absence of atmospherically derived carbonate...
December 12, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230746/-music-learning-and-music-performance-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#13
REVIEW
Elena Romana Gasenzer, Gunter Kreutz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230277/the-sense-of-being-watched-is-modulated-by-arousal-and-duration-of-the-perceptual-episode
#14
Vera M Hesslinger, Claus-Christian Carbon, Heiko Hecht
The mere presence of a depiction of eyes can elicit a sense of being watched in the perceiver. To this date, the factors affecting the intensity of this sense of being watched, however, have not been investigated. In the present experiment, we tested the impact of two potentially relevant variables: arousal (manipulated using specific musical pieces) and duration of the perceptual episode (manipulated using presentation times of 200 ms and 10 s, respectively). We asked participants to report how intensely they felt being watched while we exposed them to various observation cues ranging from human eyes to surveillance cameras...
November 2017: I-Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227852/relationships-between-early-literacy-and-nonlinguistic-rhythmic-processes-in-kindergarteners
#15
Ola Ozernov-Palchik, Maryanne Wolf, Aniruddh D Patel
A growing number of studies report links between nonlinguistic rhythmic abilities and certain linguistic abilities, particularly phonological skills. The current study investigated the relationship between nonlinguistic rhythmic processing, phonological abilities, and early literacy abilities in kindergarteners. A distinctive aspect of the current work was the exploration of whether processing of different types of rhythmic patterns is differentially related to kindergarteners' phonological and reading-related abilities...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227577/management-of-pain-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-short-review
#16
REVIEW
Rupesh Raina, Vinod Krishnappa, Mona Gupta
Pain management in end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients is a complex and challenging task to accomplish, and effective pain and symptom control improves quality of life. Pain is prevalent in more than 50% of hemodialysis patients and up to 75% of these patients are treated ineffectively due to its poor recognition by providers. A good history for PQRST factors and intensity assessment using visual analog scale are the initial steps in the management of pain followed by involvement of palliative care, patient and family counseling, discussion of treatment options, and correction of reversible causes...
December 11, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226795/treatment-of-sleep-disturbances-in-refugees-suffering-from-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#17
Hinuga Sandahl, Erik Vindbjerg, Jessica Carlsson
Sleep disturbances are often referred to as the hallmark of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Although PTSD is prevalent in refugees, studies on sleep disturbances in trauma-affected refugees are scarce. This article presents the results of two studies: a systematic review of the literature on treatment of sleep disturbances in adult trauma-affected refugees and a study of the role of sleep disturbances in the PTSD symptom structure. Study 1, the literature review, identified five studies on treatment of sleep disturbances: four studies were on pharmacological treatment and one study on music therapy...
October 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226786/temporal-grouping-effects-in-musical-short-term-memory
#18
Simon Gorin, Pierre Mengal, Steve Majerus
Recent theoretical accounts of verbal and visuo-spatial short-term memory (STM) have proposed the existence of domain-general mechanisms for the maintenance of serial order information. These accounts are based on the observation of similar behavioural effects across several modalities, such as temporal grouping effects. Across two experiments, the present study aimed at extending these findings, by exploring a STM modality that has received little interest so far, STM for musical information. Given its inherent rhythmic, temporal and serial organisation, the musical domain is of interest for investigating serial order STM processes such as temporal grouping...
December 11, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226349/what-do-we-know-about-coaching-in-medical-education-a-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Ben Lovell
CONTEXT: Coaching has been employed successfully in the competitive sports, professional music, and business and corporate worlds. It is now emerging as a training modality in medical education. OBJECTIVES: This paper reviews the current evidence on coaching strategies for doctors and medical students. METHODS: An applied literature search was conducted in PubMed, MEDLINE and Web of Science. Predetermined definitions of coaching interventions and their evaluations were used to narrow 993 papers down to 21, which were included in the final review...
December 11, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225563/music-evoked-emotions-current-studies
#20
REVIEW
Hans-Eckhardt Schaefer
The present study is focused on a review of the current state of investigating music-evoked emotions experimentally, theoretically and with respect to their therapeutic potentials. After a concise historical overview and a schematic of the hearing mechanisms, experimental studies on music listeners and on music performers are discussed, starting with the presentation of characteristic musical stimuli and the basic features of tomographic imaging of emotional activation in the brain, such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and positron emission tomography (PET), which offer high spatial resolution in the millimeter range...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
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