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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040475/from-nose-to-memory-the-involuntary-nature-of-odor-evoked-autobiographical-memories-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#1
Mohamad El Haj, Marie Charlotte Gandolphe, Karim Gallouj, Dimitrios Kapogiannis, Pascal Antoine
Research suggests that odors may serve as a potent cue for autobiographical retrieval. We tested this hypothesis in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and investigated whether odor-evoked autobiographical memory is an involuntary process that shares similarities with music-evoked autobiographical memory. Participants with mild AD and controls were asked to retrieve two personal memories after odor exposure, after music exposure, and in an odor-and-music-free condition. AD participants showed better specificity, emotional experience, mental time travel, and retrieval time after odor and music exposure than in the control condition...
October 11, 2017: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040288/music-viewed-by-its-entropy-content-a-novel-window-for-comparative-analysis
#2
Gerardo Febres, Klaus Jaffe
Polyphonic music files were analyzed using the set of symbols that produced the Minimal Entropy Description, which we call the Fundamental Scale. This allowed us to create a novel space to represent music pieces by developing: (a) a method to adjust a textual description from its original scale of observation to an arbitrarily selected scale, (b) a method to model the structure of any textual description based on the shape of the symbol frequency profiles, and (c) the concept of higher order entropy as the entropy associated with the deviations of a frequency-ranked symbol profile from a perfect Zipfian profile...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035691/how-we-hear-the-perception-and-neural-coding-of-sound
#3
Andrew J Oxenham
Auditory perception is our main gateway to communication with others via speech and music, and it also plays an important role in alerting and orienting us to new events. This review provides an overview of selected topics pertaining to the perception and neural coding of sound, starting with the first stage of filtering in the cochlea and its profound impact on perception. The next topic, pitch, has been debated for millennia, but recent technical and theoretical developments continue to provide us with new insights...
October 16, 2017: Annual Review of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035690/the-psychology-of-music-rhythm-and-movement
#4
Daniel J Levitin, Jessica A Grahn, Justin London
The urge to move to music is universal among humans. Unlike visual art, which is manifest across space, music is manifest across time. When listeners get carried away by the music, either through movement (such as dancing) or through reverie (such as trance), it is usually the temporal qualities of the music- its pulse, tempo, and rhythmic patterns-that put them in this state. In this article, we review studies addressing rhythm, meter, movement, synchronization, entrainment, the perception of groove, and other temporal factors that constitute a first step to understanding how and why music literally moves us...
October 16, 2017: Annual Review of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033998/effect-of-kangaroo-care-combined-with-music-on-the-mother-premature-neonate-attachment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Maryam Vahdati, Majid Mohammadizadeh, Sedigheh Talakoub
BACKGROUND: Premature birth may complicate the development and quality of the mother-infant attachment relationship. Music and kangaroo care are two common complementary cares performed in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The present study investigated the effect of kangaroo care combined with music on the mother-premature neonate attachment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this clinical trial, 64 mothers with premature neonates were selected and assigned to the control and study groups through random allocation...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033880/exploring-the-multi-layered-affordances-of-composing-and-performing-interactive-music-with-responsive-technologies
#6
Anna Einarsson, Tom Ziemke
The question motivating the work presented here, starting from a view of music as embodied and situated activity, is how can we account for the complexity of interactive music performance situations. These are situations in which human performers interact with responsive technologies, such as sensor-driven technology or sound synthesis affected by analysis of the performed sound signal. This requires investigating in detail the underlying mechanisms, but also providing a more holistic approach that does not lose track of the complex whole constituted by the interactions and relationships of composers, performers, audience, technologies, etc...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033877/music-interventions-and-child-development-a-critical-review-and-further-directions
#7
REVIEW
Elisabeth Dumont, Elena V Syurina, Frans J M Feron, Susan van Hooren
Research on the impact of music interventions has indicated positive effects on a variety of skills. These findings suggest musical interventions may have further potential to support educational processes and development of children. This paper reviews the latest evidence on the effect of musical interventions on the development of primary school-aged children. Four electronic databases were searched from January 2010 through June 2016 using music, music instruction, music education, music lesson, music training, development, child, student, and pupil as key words for the search...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033810/cooperation-and-competition-with-hyperscanning-methods-review-and-future-application-to-emotion-domain
#8
REVIEW
Michela Balconi, Maria E Vanutelli
Cooperation and competition, as two common and opposite examples of interpersonal dynamics, are thought to be reflected by different cognitive, neural, and behavioral patterns. According to the conventional approach, they have been explored by measuring subjects' reactions during individual performance or turn-based interactions in artificial settings, that don't allow on-line, ecological enactment of real-life social exchange. Considering the importance of these factors, and accounting for the complexity of such phenomena, the hyperscanning approach emerged as a multi-subject paradigm since it allows the simultaneous recording of the brain activity from multiple participants interacting...
2017: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033806/is-congenital-amusia-a-disconnection-syndrome-a-study-combining-tract-and-network-based-analysis
#9
Jieqiong Wang, Caicai Zhang, Shibiao Wan, Gang Peng
Previous studies on congenital amusia mainly focused on the impaired fronto-temporal pathway. It is possible that neural pathways of amusia patients on a larger scale are affected. In this study, we investigated changes in structural connections by applying both tract-based and network-based analysis to DTI data of 12 subjects with congenital amusia and 20 demographic-matched normal controls. TBSS (tract-based spatial statistics) was used to detect microstructural changes. The results showed that amusics had higher diffusivity indices in the corpus callosum, the right inferior/superior longitudinal fasciculus, and the right inferior frontal-occipital fasciculus (IFOF)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033805/musical-expertise-increases-top-down-modulation-over-hippocampal-activation-during-familiarity-decisions
#10
Pierre Gagnepain, Baptiste Fauvel, Béatrice Desgranges, Malo Gaubert, Fausto Viader, Francis Eustache, Mathilde Groussard, Hervé Platel
The hippocampus has classically been associated with episodic memory, but is sometimes also recruited during semantic memory tasks, especially for the skilled exploration of familiar information. Cognitive control mechanisms guiding semantic memory search may benefit from the set of cognitive processes at stake during musical training. Here, we examined using functional magnetic resonance imaging, whether musical expertise would promote the top-down control of the left inferior frontal gyrus (LIFG) over the generation of hippocampally based goal-directed thoughts mediating the familiarity judgment of proverbs and musical items...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033780/evolutionary-musicology-meets-embodied-cognition-biocultural-coevolution-and-the-enactive-origins-of-human-musicality
#11
REVIEW
Dylan van der Schyff, Andrea Schiavio
Despite evolutionary musicology's interdisciplinary nature, and the diverse methods it employs, the field has nevertheless tended to divide into two main positions. Some argue that music should be understood as a naturally selected adaptation, while others claim that music is a product of culture with little or no relevance for the survival of the species. We review these arguments, suggesting that while interesting and well-reasoned positions have been offered on both sides of the debate, the nature-or-culture (or adaptation vs...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033333/mothers-consistently-alter-their-unique-vocal-fingerprints-when-communicating-with-infants
#12
Elise A Piazza, Marius Cătălin Iordan, Casey Lew-Williams
The voice is the most direct link we have to others' minds, allowing us to communicate using a rich variety of speech cues [1, 2]. This link is particularly critical early in life as parents draw infants into the structure of their environment using infant-directed speech (IDS), a communicative code with unique pitch and rhythmic characteristics relative to adult-directed speech (ADS) [3, 4]. To begin breaking into language, infants must discern subtle statistical differences about people and voices in order to direct their attention toward the most relevant signals...
October 11, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028939/serotonin-2a-receptor-signaling-underlies-lsd-induced-alteration-of-the-neural-response-to-dynamic-changes-in-music
#13
Frederick S Barrett, Katrin H Preller, Marcus Herdener, Petr Janata, Franz X Vollenweider
Classic psychedelic drugs (serotonin 2A, or 5HT2A, receptor agonists) have notable effects on music listening. In the current report, blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) signal was collected during music listening in 25 healthy adults after administration of placebo, lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), and LSD pretreated with the 5HT2A antagonist ketanserin, to investigate the role of 5HT2A receptor signaling in the neural response to the time-varying tonal structure of music. Tonality-tracking analysis of BOLD data revealed that 5HT2A receptor signaling alters the neural response to music in brain regions supporting basic and higher-level musical and auditory processing, and areas involved in memory, emotion, and self-referential processing...
September 28, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028776/the-effect-of-music-therapy-on-anxiety-and-various-physical-findings-in-patients-with-copd-in-a-pulmonology-service
#14
Dilek Horuz, Mehmet Ali Kurcer, Zeynep Erdoğan
This interventional study was carried out to determine the effect of music therapy on anxiety and the various physical findings in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the pulmonary diseases service. Ninety-six patients (28 females, 68 males) of 114 adult patients who were hospitalized between November 10, 2013, and March 10, 2014, were included in the study. Ninety-six patients were separated in 3 groups. The data for the study were collected from a questionnaire form of sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, a patient follow-up form, and the Beck Anxiety Scale...
November 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028508/jazz-musicians-reveal-role-of-expectancy-in-human-creativity
#15
Emily Przysinda, Tima Zeng, Kellyn Maves, Cameron Arkin, Psyche Loui
Creativity has been defined as the ability to produce work that is novel, high in quality, and appropriate to an audience. While the nature of the creative process is under debate, many believe that creativity relies on real-time combinations of known neural and cognitive processes. One useful model of creativity comes from musical improvisation, such as in jazz, in which musicians spontaneously create novel sound sequences. Here we use jazz musicians to test the hypothesis that individuals with training in musical improvisation, which entails creative generation of musical ideas, might process expectancy differently...
October 10, 2017: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026266/understanding-why-people-enjoy-loud-sound
#16
REVIEW
David Welch, Guy Fremaux
Sounds at levels that can injure the ear are regarded as enjoyable by many people. In many societies, a common form of this behavior is listening to loud music, either via personal audio systems or at music venues. Drawing on theory from the literature around loud sound and emotional responses to music, and combining it with concepts of physiological sound adaptation and classical conditioning, we developed a model of the process that may underlie people's enjoyment of loud sound, particularly loud music in nightclubs...
November 2017: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026265/attitudes-risk-behavior-and-noise-exposure-among-young-adults-with-hearing-problems-identifying-a-typology
#17
REVIEW
Abby Hunter
This study explored attitudes toward leisure noise, use of hearing protection, and perceived susceptibility to leisure-noise damage in young adults with hearing problems. Twelve participants aged between 18 and 35 years took part in a semistructured interview. Data were analyzed using framework analysis. The results showed that a positive attitude to noise, a passion for loud music, a lack of knowledge of the consequences of noise damage, and perceived low risk of hearing problems were associated with people not using earplugs...
November 2017: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026123/music-induced-happy-mood-suppresses-the-neural-responses-to-other-s-pain-evidences-from-an-erp-study
#18
Jiaping Cheng, Can Jiao, Yuejia Luo, Fang Cui
In the current study, we explored the time course of processing other's pain under induced happy or sad moods. Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded when participants observing pictures showing others in painful or non-painful situations. Mood induction procedures were applied to the participants before the picture observation task. Happy and sad moods were induced by listening to about 10 minutes of music excerpts selected from the Chinese Affective Music System (CAMS). The ERP results revealed that the induced mood can influence the early automatic components N1, P2, and N2 but not the later top-down controlled components P3 and LPP...
October 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025134/cannabis-dampens-the-effects-of-music-in-brain-regions-sensitive-to-reward-and-emotion
#19
Tom P Freeman, Rebecca A Pope, Matthew B Wall, James A Bisby, Maartje Luijten, Chandni Hindocha, Claire Mokrysz, Will Lawn, Abigail Moss, Michael A P Bloomfield, Celia J A Morgan, David J Nutt, H Valerie Curran
Background: Despite the current shift towards permissive cannabis policies, few studies have investigated the pleasurable effects users seek. Here we investigate the effects of cannabis on listening to music - a rewarding activity that frequently occurs in the context of recreational cannabis use. We additionally tested how these effects are influenced by cannabidiol (CBD), which may offset cannabis-related harms. Methods: Across three sessions, sixteen cannabis users inhaled cannabis with CBD, cannabis without CBD, and placebo...
September 2, 2017: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022362/narratives-of-health-and-illness-arts-based-research-capturing-the-lived-experience-of-dementia
#20
Hilary Moss, Desmond O'Neill
Introduction This paper presents three artists' residencies in a geriatric medicine unit in a teaching hospital. The aim of the residencies was creation of new work of high artistic quality reflecting the lived experience of the person with dementia and greater understanding of service user experience of living with dementia. This paper also explores arts-based research methodologies in a medical setting. Method Arts-based research and narrative enquiry were the method used in this study. Artists had extensive access to service users with dementia, family carers and clinical team...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
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