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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640937/dreams-and-creative-problem-solving
#1
Deirdre Barrett
Dreams have produced art, music, novels, films, mathematical proofs, designs for architecture, telescopes, and computers. Dreaming is essentially our brain thinking in another neurophysiologic state-and therefore it is likely to solve some problems on which our waking minds have become stuck. This neurophysiologic state is characterized by high activity in brain areas associated with imagery, so problems requiring vivid visualization are also more likely to get help from dreaming. This article reviews great historical dreams and modern laboratory research to suggest how dreams can aid creativity and problem-solving...
June 22, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637200/an-emerging-theoretical-model-of-music-therapy-student-development
#2
Abbey L Dvorak, Eugenia Hernandez-Ruiz, Sekyung Jang, Borin Kim, Megan Joseph, Kori E Wells
Background: Music therapy students negotiate a complex relationship with music and its use in clinical work throughout their education and training. This distinct, pervasive, and evolving relationship suggests a developmental process unique to music therapy. Objective: The purpose of this grounded theory study was to create a theoretical model of music therapy students' developmental process, beginning with a study within one large Midwestern university. Methods: Participants (N = 15) were music therapy students who completed one 60-minute intensive interview, followed by a 20-minute member check meeting...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637192/an-explorative-study-examining-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-training-in-the-field-of-music-therapy
#3
Anita L Gadberry, Alison Sweeney
Background: Music therapists work with many people who require Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC). As communication goals are central to music therapy practice, many music therapists would benefit from training in AAC. Objective: The purpose of this survey study was to determine the state of AAC education for music therapists at the university level, how AAC is being used in music therapy sessions, and how practicing music therapists are trained in AAC...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635383/rendering-lgbtq-visible-in-nursing-embodying-the-philosophy-of-caring-science
#4
Lisa Goldberg, Neal Rosenburg, Jean Watson
Although health care institutions continue to address the importance of diversity initiatives, the standard(s) for treatment remain historically and institutionally grounded in a sociocultural privileging of heterosexuality. As a result, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ+) communities in health care remain largely invisible. This marked invisibility serves as a call to action, a renaissance of thinking within redefined boundaries and limitations. We must therefore refocus our habits of attention on the wholeness of persons and the diversity of their storied experiences as embodied through contemporary society...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634878/can-music-based-movement-therapy-improve-motor-dysfunction-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Shuai Zhang, Dong Liu, Dan Ye, Haiyu Li, Feng Chen
This study aimed to quantify whether there is association between music-based movement therapy and motor dysfunction in patients with Parkinson's disease, and, if so, whether music-based movement therapy can be used as first-line non-pharmacological treatment. To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials that examined the effect of music-based movement therapy on patient-relevant and disease-specific outcomes. Comprehensive literature was searched of PubMed, EMbase, and the Cochrane Library from inception to November 2016...
June 21, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631850/a-parent-infant-music-therapy-intervention-improved-neurodevelopment-after-neonatal-intensive-care
#6
Ellyn L Hamm, Olena D Chorna, Alicia Flanery, Nathalie L Maitre
Parental involvement is often essential to ensure that early intervention strategies that aim to improve the outcomes of former neonatal intensive care (NICU) patients are successful. However, hospitalisation can strain the caregiver-infant bond (1) and perception of the child's development. Structured music therapy programmes that focus on the progressive development of infant and caregiver dyads after hospital discharge have been associated with improvements in infants' social skills and positive parenting behaviours (2)...
June 20, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626921/the-arts-as-a-venue-for-developmental-science-realizing-a-latent-opportunity
#7
Thalia R Goldstein, Matthew D Lerner, Ellen Winner
Children in all cultures readily engage in artistic activities, yet the arts (dance, drama, drawing, and music) have traditionally been marginal topics in the discipline of developmental science. We argue that developmental psychologists cannot afford to ignore such naturalistic activities that involve so many basic phenomena-attention, engagement, motivation, emotion regulation, understanding of others, and so on. Despite historical issues with research methodologies and overdrawn conclusions, a current wave of methodologically rigorous studies shows the depth of arts learning, as well as how arts engagement can be harnessed for transfer to other skills...
June 19, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626867/kind-of-blue-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-music-interventions-in-cancer-treatment
#8
REVIEW
Margrethe Langer Bro, Kira Vibe Jespersen, Julie Bolvig Hansen, Peter Vuust, Niels Abildgaard, Jeppe Gram, Christoffer Johansen
OBJECTIVES: Music may be a valuable and low-cost coping strategy for cancer patients. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to identify the psychological and physical effects of music interventions in cancer treatment. METHODS: We included randomized, controlled trials with adult patients in active cancer treatment exposed to different music interventions versus control conditions. Qualitative studies and systematic reviews were excluded. We identified a total of 2624 records through two systematic searches (June 2015, September 2016) in PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, Cinahl, Web of Science, Cochrane and PsycINFO and used Risk of Bias Assessment, GRADE and Checklist for Reporting Music-Based Interventions to evaluate the music applied and quality of the studies...
June 18, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626441/teaching-improvisation-through-processes-applications-in-music-education-and-implications-for-general-education
#9
REVIEW
Michele Biasutti
Improvisation is an articulated multidimensional activity based on an extemporaneous creative performance. Practicing improvisation, participants expand sophisticated skills such as sensory and perceptual encoding, memory storage and recall, motor control, and performance monitoring. Improvisation abilities have been developed following several methodologies mainly with a product-oriented perspective. A model framed under the socio-cultural theory of learning for designing didactic activities on processes instead of outcomes is presented in the current paper...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625229/mass-gathering-medical-care-in-electronic-dance-music-festivals
#10
Kathleen M FitzGibbon, Jose V Nable, Benjamin Ayd, Benjamin J Lawner, Angela C Comer, Richard Lichenstein, Matthew J Levy, Kevin G Seaman, Ian Bussey
Introduction Electronic dance music (EDM) festivals represent a unique subset of mass-gathering events with limited guidance through literature or legislation to guide mass-gathering medical care at these events. Hypothesis/Problem Electronic dance music festivals pose unique challenges with increased patient encounters and heightened patient acuity under-estimated by current validated casualty predication models. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of three separate EDM festivals with analysis of patient encounters and patient transport rates...
June 19, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624918/randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-effect-of-environment-on-patient-embarrassment-and-anxiety-with-urodynamics
#11
Azadeh Rezvan, Stephanie Amaya, Lance Betson, Tajnoos Yazdany
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: In previous survey studies, women undergoing urodynamic testing (UDT) have reported bother and embarrassment and have provided suggestions for improving the experience. The suggestions include audio distraction and increased privacy, neither of which have been prospectively examined. We report a prospective randomized controlled trial to evaluate the hypothesis that an improved ambience can decrease UDT-related embarrassment and anxiety. METHODS: A total of 60 participants were recruited to achieve an 80% power to detect a conservative 20-point difference with a significance level of 0...
June 17, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624230/the-correlation-between-fundamental-characteristics-and-first-time-performance-in-laparoscopic-tasks
#12
Cuan M Harrington, Richard Bresler, Donncha Ryan, Patrick Dicker, Oscar Traynor, Dara O Kavanagh
BACKGROUND: The ability of characteristics to predict first time performance in laparoscopic tasks is not well described. Videogame experience predicts positive performance in laparoscopic experiences but its mechanism and confounding-association with aptitude remains to be elucidated. This study sought to evaluate for innate predictors of laparoscopic performance in surgically naive individuals with minimal videogame exposure. METHODS: Participants with no prior laparoscopic exposure and minimal videogaming experience were recruited consecutively from preclinical years at a medical university...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622615/domain-general-neural-correlates-of-dependency-formation-using-complex-tones-to-simulate-language
#13
Ingmar Brilmayer, Jona Sassenhagen, Ina Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, Matthias Schlesewsky
There is an ongoing debate whether the P600 event-related potential component following syntactic anomalies reflects syntactic processes per se, or if it is an instance of the P300, a domain-general ERP component associated with attention and cognitive reorientation. A direct comparison of both components is challenging because of the huge discrepancy in experimental designs and stimulus choice between language and 'classic' P300 experiments. In the present study, we develop a new approach to mimic the interplay of sequential position as well as categorical and relational information in natural language syntax (word category and agreement) in a non-linguistic target detection paradigm using musical instruments...
May 30, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620165/applying-modern-psychometric-techniques-to-melodic-discrimination-testing-item-response-theory-computerised-adaptive-testing-and-automatic-item-generation
#14
Peter M C Harrison, Tom Collins, Daniel Müllensiefen
Modern psychometric theory provides many useful tools for ability testing, such as item response theory, computerised adaptive testing, and automatic item generation. However, these techniques have yet to be integrated into mainstream psychological practice. This is unfortunate, because modern psychometric techniques can bring many benefits, including sophisticated reliability measures, improved construct validity, avoidance of exposure effects, and improved efficiency. In the present research we therefore use these techniques to develop a new test of a well-studied psychological capacity: melodic discrimination, the ability to detect differences between melodies...
June 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619985/long-term-improvements-after-multimodal-rehabilitation-in-late-phase-after-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Lina Bunketorp-Käll, Åsa Lundgren-Nilsson, Hans Samuelsson, Tulen Pekny, Karin Blomvé, Marcela Pekna, Milos Pekny, Christian Blomstrand, Michael Nilsson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Treatments that improve function in late phase after stroke are urgently needed. We assessed whether multimodal interventions based on rhythm-and-music therapy or horse-riding therapy could lead to increased perceived recovery and functional improvement in a mixed population of individuals in late phase after stroke. METHODS: Participants were assigned to rhythm-and-music therapy, horse-riding therapy, or control using concealed randomization, stratified with respect to sex and stroke laterality...
June 15, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619305/effects-of-music-listening-on-anxiety-and-physiological-responses-in-patients-undergoing-awake-craniotomy
#16
Pao-Yuan Wu, Mei-Lin Huang, Wen-Ping Lee, Chi Wang, Whei-Mei Shih
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of music listening on the level of anxiety and physiological responses for awake craniotomy. METHODS: An experimental design with randomization was applied in this study. Participants in experimental group (19 patients) selected and listened music at their preferences in the waiting room and throughout the entire surgical procedure in addition to usual care while control group (19 patients) only gave usual care...
June 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618800/effects-of-tempo-swing-density-and-listener-s-drumming-experience-on-swing-detection-thresholds-for-drum-rhythms
#17
Andrew V Frane, Ladan Shams
Swing, a popular technique in music performance, has been said to enhance the "groove" of the rhythm. Swing works by delaying the onsets of even-numbered subdivisions of each beat (e.g., 16th-note swing delays the onsets of the second and fourth 16th-note subdivisions of each quarter-note beat). The "swing magnitude" (loosely speaking, the amount of delay) is often quite small. And there has been little investigation, using musical stimuli, into what swing magnitudes listeners can detect. To that end, this study presented continually-looped electronic drum rhythms, with 16th-note swing in the hi-hat on every other bar, to drummers and non-drummers...
June 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618361/diffusion-tensor-mri-tractography-reveals-increased-fractional-anisotropy-fa-in-arcuate-fasciculus-following-music-cued-motor-training
#18
Emma Moore, Rebecca S Schaefer, Mark E Bastin, Neil Roberts, Katie Overy
Auditory cues are frequently used to support movement learning and rehabilitation, but the neural basis of this behavioural effect is not yet clear. We investigated the microstructural neuroplasticity effects of adding musical cues to a motor learning task. We hypothesised that music-cued, left-handed motor training would increase fractional anisotropy (FA) in the contralateral arcuate fasciculus, a fibre tract connecting auditory, pre-motor and motor regions. Thirty right-handed participants were assigned to a motor learning condition either with (Music Group) or without (Control Group) musical cues...
August 2017: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617460/neuroscience-how-music-meets-mind
#19
Elizabeth Hellmuth Margulis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616666/the-role-of-psychosomatic-medicine-in-intensive-care-units
#20
REVIEW
Heidemarie Abrahamian, Diana Lebherz-Eichinger
Critically ill patients, their relatives, and intensive care staff are consistently exposed to stress. The principal elements of this exceptional burden are confrontation with a life-threatening disease, specific environmental conditions at the intensive care unit, and the social characteristics of intensive care medicine. The short- and long-term consequences of these stressors include a feeling of helplessness, distress, anxiety, depression, and even posttraumatic stress disorders. Not only the patients, but also their relatives and intensive care staff are at risk of developing such psychopathologies...
June 14, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
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