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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656035/-the-artist-at-the-hospital-a-musical-experience-in-pediatric-hemodialysis
#1
M Tanquerel, F Broux, F Louillet, G De Blasi
Culture at the hospital is part of a policy of providing everyone access to culture. This article describes a musical intervention that provides patients and healthcare professionals a central role in creation; qualitatively assesses the benefits of these interventions for children and caregivers; evaluate the lessons learned from this ongoing experience in the pediatric hemodialysis unit of Rouen University Hospital. Ninety-minute sessions take place twice a week, with eight children aged from 18months to 19years, during dialysis...
April 11, 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652523/attitudes-on-technological-social-and-behavioral-economic-strategies-to-reduce-cellphone-use-while-driving-in-teens
#2
M Kit Delgado, Catherine C McDonald, Flaura K Winston, Scott D Halpern, Alison M Buttenheim, Claudia Setubal, Yanlan Huang, Kathryn A Saulsgiver, Yi-Ching Lee
OBJECTIVE: The majority of U.S. teens admit to handheld cellphone use while driving, an increasingly common cause of crashes. Attitudes towards novel cellphone applications and settings that block use while driving are poorly understood, potentially limiting uptake. We examined teens' willingness to reduce cellphone use while driving and perceptions of potential strategies to limit this behavior. METHODS: Teen drivers (n = 153) aged 16-17 who owned smartphones and admitted to texting while driving completed an online survey...
April 13, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652315/-music-therapy-procedures-controlled-by-the-brain-potentials-in-treatment-of-functional-disorders
#3
A A Zemlyanaya, G S Radchenko, A I Fedotchev
Twenty years ago, the Korsakov's Journal of Neurology and Psychiatry has published the article of Ya.I. Levin 'Brain music in the treatment of patients with insomnia'. This publication was the starting point for an innovative approach to preventing and correcting functional disorders of a person via musical or music-like stimuli that are controlled by the brain potentials of patient's. This approach called 'Music of the brain' is fully consistent with modern ideas about preventive neuroscience as a new field of scientific research at the intersection of neuroscience and preventive medicine...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650883/-cancer-disease-trajectory-and-the-contribution-of-artistic-outreach-activity-to-palliative-care
#4
Hisako Oshiro, Tatsuo Oshiro, Masahito Tanimizu
The purpose of this article is to show some unintentional aspects of palliative supports offered by the community. The activities of the Opera Ehime, an amateur opera group, play an important role in palliative and grief care. This community is also committed to providing supportive care for home hospice cancer patients through an outreach music program that offers patients connection with others and reduces isolation. Assessment by the coordinator includes determiningthe patients' preferences and the relevance of music throughout their lives...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649909/-music-memory-and-improved-swallowing-in-advanced-dementia
#5
Dan Cohen, Stephen G Post, Angela Lo, Robin Lombardo, Brandon Pfeffer
Background Dysphagia and difficulty with eating affects a significant portion of individuals with advanced dementia. Such problems with oral intake can have serious health consequences including mealtime distress, dehydration and malnutrition, aspiration, reduced quality of life, and increased mortality risk. Design We present the first data indicating that "Music & Memory" interventions improve swallowing in individuals with advanced dementia, thereby making oral feeding easier and potentially diminishing reliance on PEG...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648867/learning-of-pitch-and-time-structures-in-an-artificial-grammar-setting
#6
Jon B Prince, Catherine J Stevens, Mari Riess Jones, Barbara Tillmann
Despite the empirical evidence for the power of the cognitive capacity of implicit learning of structures and regularities in several modalities and materials, it remains controversial whether implicit learning extends to the learning of temporal structures and regularities. We investigated whether (a) an artificial grammar can be learned equally well when expressed in duration sequences as when expressed in pitch sequences, (b) learning of the artificial grammar in either duration or pitch (as the primary dimension) sequences can be influenced by the properties of the secondary dimension (invariant vs...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629696/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-pediatric-cancer-patients-a-comparative-review-and-emerging-needs-in-india
#7
Sujata Satapathy, Tanuja Kaushal, Sameer Bakhshi, Rakesh Kumar Chadda
CONTEXT: Evidence-based research on psycho-oncology in last three decades lays emphasis upon the critical role of psychological services for better illness adjustment, improved quality of life, reduced distress and cognitive problems among the rapidly increasing pediatric cancer population. JUSTIFICATION: This review aims to summarize the evidence-based psychological interventions in childhood cancer over the two decades and addresses the wide gap that existed between intervention studies worldwide and India, thus highlighting the need for research and appropriate services...
March 15, 2018: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625720/a-computerized-tomography-study-of-vocal-tract-setting-in-hyperfunctional-dysphonia-and-in-belting
#8
Marcelo Saldias, Marco Guzman, Gonzalo Miranda, Anne-Maria Laukkanen
BACKGROUND: Vocal tract setting in hyperfunctional patients is characterized by a high larynx and narrowing of the epilaryngeal and pharyngeal region. Similar observations have been made for various singing styles, eg, belting. The voice quality in belting has been described to be loud, speech like, and high pitched. It is also often described as sounding "pressed" or "tense". The above mentioned has led to the hypothesis that belting may be strenuous to the vocal folds...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625428/illustrating-a-supports-based-approach-toward-friendship-with-autistic-students
#9
Verónica Vidal, Scott Robertson, Laura DeThorne
Purpose: The present clinical focus article describes and illustrates 3 key elements of a supports-based approach to enhancing friendship with autistic students. Method: In comparison to the predominant skills-based approach, we highlight 3 key elements of a supports-based approach to social interaction for autistic children and youth. We then offer descriptive details of the activity-based music program as an illustrative example of a program that integrated all 3 elements of a supports-based approach...
April 5, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625386/sounds-from-seeing-silent-motion-who-hears-them-and-what-looks-loudest
#10
Christopher J Fassnidge, Elliot D Freeman
Some people hear what they see: car indicator lights, flashing neon shop signs, and people's movements as they walk may all trigger an auditory sensation, which we call the visual-evoked auditory response (vEAR or 'visual ear'). We have conducted the first large-scale online survey (N > 4000) of this little-known phenomenon. We analysed the prevalence of vEAR, what induces it, and what other traits are associated with it. We assessed prevalence by asking whether respondents had previously experienced vEAR...
March 9, 2018: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625236/statistical-learning-of-multisensory-regularities-is-enhanced-in-musicians-an-meg-study
#11
Evangelos Paraskevopoulos, Nikolas Chalas, Panagiotis Kartsidis, Andreas Wollbrink, Panagiotis Bamidis
The present study used magnetoencephalography (MEG) to identify the neural correlates of audiovisual statistical learning, while disentangling the differential contributions of uni- and multi-modal statistical mismatch responses in humans. The applied paradigm was based on a combination of a statistical learning paradigm and a multisensory oddball one, combining an audiovisual, an auditory and a visual stimulation stream, along with the corresponding deviances. Plasticity effects due to musical expertise were investigated by comparing the behavioral and MEG responses of musicians to non-musicians...
April 3, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625029/how-much-noise-is-an-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgeon-exposed-to
#12
Esha Kulkarni, Yasmine Abdallah, Dennis Hanseman, Deepak G Krishnan
PURPOSE: A common concern among oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMSs) is progressive hearing loss throughout their careers. Although this has not been critically studied, there could be several factors that contribute to this detriment, including drills, saws, suction, music, and other sounds within the closed operating environment. This study observed the intensity of noise in operating rooms (ORs) and clinical settings during the use of drills, saws, surgical handpieces, and other tools...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624026/preoperative-anxiety-and-implications-on-postoperative-recovery-what-we-can-do-to-change-our-history
#13
Dusica M Stamenkovic, Nemanja K Rancic, Milan B Latas, Vojislava Neskovic, Goran M Rondovic, Jennifer D Wu, Davide Cattano
Preoperative anxiety can influence the intensity of postoperative pain and anesthesia and analgesia requirement. In certain types of surgery, anxiety may even increase postoperative morbidity and mortality. The goal of this narrative review is to remind anesthesiologists that anxiety measurement using specific tools can be done in clinical practice, to present the implications of preoperative anxiety on postoperative patient recovery, and to acknowledge the importance of a dedicated anesthesia plan in the management of anxious adult patients...
April 5, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623807/chance-encounters-rap-music-as-a-relational-and-pedagogical-resource-in-clinical-pastoral-education
#14
Jeremy Gilmore
Music has long been regarded as a valuable tool for educators. Over the last three decades, rap music has grown to become a global phenomenon. However, due to historical and cultural factors, rap music is often underutilized in Clinical Pastoral Education. This article discusses the social significance of rap music, highlights how rap music informed my supervision of a clinical pastoral education student, and examines Chance the Rapper's mixtape Coloring Book as a case study on the utilization of rap music as a relational and pedagogical resource in spiritual education...
March 2018: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623178/dr-phil-s-art-corner-searching-and-cobra-canyon
#15
(no author information available yet)
Philip Alexander, M.D., is a native Texan, retired physician, and accomplished musician and artist. After 41 years as an internal medicine physician, Dr. Phil retired from his practice in College Station in 2016. A lifelong musician and former music professor, he often performs as an oboe soloist for the Brazos Valley Symphony Orchestra. He began exploring visual art in 1980, evolving from pencil sketches-including an official White House portrait of President Ronald Reagan-to the computer-generated drawings featured in this journal...
January 2018: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621947/comparison-of-two-music-training-approaches-on-music-and-speech-perception-in-cochlear-implant-users
#16
Christina D Fuller, John J Galvin, Bert Maat, Deniz Başkent, Rolien H Free
In normal-hearing (NH) adults, long-term music training may benefit music and speech perception, even when listening to spectro-temporally degraded signals as experienced by cochlear implant (CI) users. In this study, we compared two different music training approaches in CI users and their effects on speech and music perception, as it remains unclear which approach to music training might be best. The approaches differed in terms of music exercises and social interaction. For the pitch/timbre group, melodic contour identification (MCI) training was performed using computer software...
January 2018: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620539/basic-modelling-of-transport-in-two-dimensional-wave-mechanical-nano-dots-and-billiards-with-balanced-gain-and-loss-mediated-by-complex-potentials
#17
Karl-Fredrik Berggren, Felix Tellander, I I Yakimenko
Non-Hermitian quantum mechanics with parity-time symmetry is presently gaining great interest, especially within the fields of photonics and optics. Here we give a brief overview of two-dimensional semiconductor nanodevices using the example of a quantum with in- and output leads, which are mimicked by imaginary potentials for gain and loss, and how wave functions, particle flow, coalescence of levels and associated breaking of parity-time symmetry may be analyzed within such a framework. Special attention is given to the presence of exceptional points and symmetry breaking...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619097/pitch-matching-accuracy-and-temporal-auditory-processing
#18
Congeta Bruniere Xavier Fadel, Angela Ribas, Débora Lüders, Vinicius Ribas Fonseca, Monica Nunes Lima Cat
Introduction  Pitch-matching refers to the ability to vocally reproduce an acoustic model in a corresponding tone to the presented sound. This ability, which is dependent on pitch perception ability, can vary among individuals, and some are not able to sing in the correct tune or discriminate differences between tones. Objective  To correlate pitch-matching accuracy and auditory processing in individuals without musical training. Methods  A Pitch-Matching Test (vocal reproduction of synthesized and human voice sounds) and two commercially available tests of auditory temporal processing (the Pitch Pattern Sequence Test and the Random Gap Detection Test) were administered to all participants...
April 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618388/psychotic-traits-in-musicians
#19
Oliver Mason, Heidi Daniels
The association of music with madness is very longstanding. But is it more than myth, and if so what is the nature of this relationship? We tested the hypotheses that musicians possess greater schizotypy and symptoms of bipolar disorder. A total of 102 musicians were found to have greater positive and negative schizotypal traits when compared to matched norms on the shortened Oxford-Liverpool Inventory of Feelings and Experiences. Based on the Mood Disorder Questionnaire, 10.8% of musicians also met criteria for lifetime bipolar disorder...
April 5, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618077/n-ethyl-pentylone-ephylone-intoxications-quantitative-confirmation-and-metabolite-identification-in-authentic-human-biological-specimens
#20
Alex J Krotulski, Donna M Papsun, Bruno S De Martinis, Amanda L A Mohr, Barry K Logan
N-ethyl pentylone (ephylone) has been identified as the most recent novel stimulant to emerge into the arena of evolving novel psychoactive substances (NPS). Due to its novelty, information regarding case reports with associated quantitative confirmations, biotransformation pathways, and identified unique metabolites will assist the scientific community in understanding the implications of the emergence and risks associated with N-ethyl pentylone use. Authentic blood specimens (n = 26) submitted as part of toxicological death investigations or drugged driving casework tested positive for N-ethyl pentylone, and were quantitatively analyzed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS)...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
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