keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

CFR

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927860/prediction-of-outcome-from-adult-bacterial-meningitis-in-a-high-hiv-seroprevalence-resource-poor-setting-using-the-malawi-adult-meningitis-score-mams
#1
Emma C Wall, Mavuto Mukaka, Matthew Scarborough, Katherine Ma Ajdukiewicz, Katharine E Cartwright, Mulinda Nyirenda, Brigitte Denis, Theresa J Allain, Brian Faragher, David G Lalloo, Robert S Heyderman
: Acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) in adults residing in resource-poor countries is associated with mortality rates in excess of 50%. To improve outcome, interventional trials and standardised clinical algorithms are urgently required. To optimise these processes we developed and validated an outcome prediction tool to identify ABM patients at greatest risk of death. METHODS: We derived a nomogram using mortality predictors derived from a logistic regression model of a discovery database of adult Malawian ABM patients (n=523, 65% CSF culture positive)...
December 7, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920760/prevalence-of-the-antibiotic-resistance-genes-in-coagulase-positive-and-negative-staphylococcus-in-chicken-meat-retailed-to-consumers
#2
Kamelia Osman, Jihan Badr, Khalid S Al-Maary, Ihab M I Moussa, Ashgan M Hessain, Zeinab M S Amin Girah, Usama H Abo-Shama, Ahmed Orabi, Aalaa Saad
The use of antibiotics in farm management (growing crops and raising animals) has become a major area of concern. Its implications is the consequent emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) and accordingly their access into the human food chain with passage of antibiotic resistance genes (ARG) to the normal human intestinal microbiota and hence to other pathogenic bacteria causative human disease. Therefore, we pursued in this study to unravel the frequency and the quinolone resistance determining region, mecA and cfr genes of methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), methicillin-resistant S...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917743/context-specific-complementary-feeding-recommendations-developed-using-optifood-could-improve-the-diets-of-breast-fed-infants-and-young-children-from-diverse-livelihood-groups-in-northern-kenya
#3
Marieke Vossenaar, Frances A Knight, Alison Tumilowicz, Christine Hotz, Peter Chege, Elaine L Ferguson
OBJECTIVE: To formulate age- and context-specific complementary feeding recommendations (CFR) for infants and young children (IYC) and to compare the potential of filling population-level nutrient gaps using common sets of CFR across age groups. DESIGN: Linear programming was used to develop CFR using locally available and acceptable foods based on livelihood- and age-group-specific dietary patterns observed through 24 h dietary recalls. Within each livelihood group, the nutrient potential of age-group-specific v...
December 5, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916211/a-32-year-study-of-the-effect-of-pneumococcal-vaccines-on-invasive-streptococcus-pneumoniae-disease
#4
Ronald J Stanek, Nancy B Norton, Maurice A Mufson
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, Streptococcus pneumoniae commonly causes community-acquired pneumonia, meningitis, septicemia and otitis media. Invasive pneumococcal infection (IPD) represents the most serious presentation, occurs in approximately 1 in 4 cases and engenders case fatality rates (CFR) in pneumonia of 20-25% and meningitis of 35-40%. We investigated IPD for 32 years in an American city to assess the effect of differing pneumococcal vaccines on serotype occurrence and CFR among children and adults...
December 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915444/outcomes-of-proximal-humeral-fracture-fixation-with-locked-cfr-peek-plating
#5
Jan Christoph Katthagen, Alexander Ellwein, Olga Lutz, Christine Voigt, Helmut Lill
PURPOSE: To investigate the outcomes of proximal humeral fracture (PHF) fixation with a novel carbon-fiber-reinforced (CFR)-PEEK plate and to compare results with outcomes after conventional locked titanium plating. METHODS: Twenty-one patients (7 male, 14 female) with operative treatment of unilateral displaced PHFs (mean age, 66.8 ± 9.9 years) with a novel CRF-PEEK plate were prospectively enrolled. Patients were followed up clinically (Constant Score, Simple Shoulder Test and Simple Shoulder Value) and radiologically 3 months postoperative and again clinically 12 months postoperative...
December 3, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914218/disruptive-influences-on-research-in-academic-pathology-departments-proposed-changes-to-the-common-rule-governing-informed-consent-for-research-use-of-biospecimens-and-to-rules-governing-return-of-research-results
#6
REVIEW
Mark E Sobel, Jennifer C Dreyfus
Academic pathology departments will be dramatically affected by proposed United States federal government regulatory initiatives. Pathology research will be substantially altered if proposed changes to the Common Rule (Code of Federal Regulations: Protection of Human Subjects title 45 CFR 46) and regulations governing the return of individual research results are approved and finalized, even more so now that the Precision Medicine initiative has been launched. Together, these changes are disruptive influences on academic pathology research as we know it, straining limited resources and compromising advances in diagnostic and academic pathology...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902653/meningococcal-disease-in-children-in-argentina-a-three-year-active-sentinel-hospital-surveillance-study
#7
Ángela Gentile, Julia Bakir, María Rosa Agosti, Gabriela Ensinck, Hector Abate, Andrea Gajo Gane, Alejandro Santillán Iturres, Adriana Efron, Mabel Regueira, Ricardo Rüttimann
BACKGROUND: Meningococcal disease (MD) is a medical emergency and a serious public health problem. As new meningococcal vaccines become available, MD surveillance is crucial to provide baseline epidemiologic data before implementing preventive measures. We estimated MD incidence and epidemiology in Argentina using hospital-based surveillance. METHODS: 3-year prospective active surveillance in patients ≤15 years of age conducted at 6 pediatric hospital sentinel units (March 2012-February 2015)...
November 28, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899365/prevalence-and-clinical-significance-of-discordant-changes-in-fractional-and-coronary-flow-reserve-after-elective-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#8
Junji Matsuda, Tadashi Murai, Yoshihisa Kanaji, Eisuke Usui, Makoto Araki, Takayuki Niida, Sadamitsu Ichijyo, Rikuta Hamaya, Tetsumin Lee, Taishi Yonetsu, Mitsuaki Isobe, Tsunekazu Kakuta
BACKGROUND: Fractional flow reserve (FFR) and coronary flow reserve (CFR) are well-validated physiological indices; however, changes in FFR and CFR after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remain elusive. We sought to evaluate these changes and to investigate whether physiological indices predict cardiac event-free survival after PCI. METHODS AND RESULTS: Physiological assessment of 220 stenoses from 220 patients was performed before and after PCI. The changes in FFR and CFR were studied, and factors associated with CFR change were investigated...
November 29, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893790/detection-of-a-cfr-b-variant-in-german-enterococcus-faecium-clinical-isolates-and-the-impact-on-linezolid-resistance-in-enterococcus-spp
#9
Jennifer K Bender, Carola Fleige, Ingo Klare, Stefan Fiedler, Alexander Mischnik, Nico T Mutters, Kate E Dingle, Guido Werner
The National Reference Centre for Staphylococci and Enterococci in Germany has received an increasing number of clinical linezolid-resistant E. faecium isolates in recent years. Five isolates harbored a cfr(B) variant gene locus the product of which is capable of conferring linezolid resistance. The cfr(B)-like methyltransferase gene was also detected in Clostridium difficile. Antimicrobial susceptibility was determined for cfr(B)-positive and linezolid-resistant E. faecium isolates and two isogenic C. difficile strains...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889555/correlation-between-microvascular-dysfunction-and-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-levels-in-non-ischemic-heart-failure-patients-with-cardiac-fibrosis
#10
Kyoko Hirakawa, Megumi Yamamuro, Tomoaki Uemura, Seiji Takashio, Koichi Kaikita, Daisuke Utsunomiya, Mina Nakayama, Eiichiro Yamamoto, Yasuyuki Yamashita, Seiji Hokimoto, Kenichi Tsujita
BACKGROUNDS: The relationship between microvascular dysfunction and plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels remains unclear in heart failure (HF) patients with cardiac fibrosis. METHODS: This study evaluated 55 consecutive non-ischemic HF patients in an effort to determine the relationship between endothelial independent coronary microvascular dysfunction and plasma BNP levels, as well as whether each measure is correlated with myocardial fibrosis. We evaluated plasma BNP levels in patients with stable HF...
November 8, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887599/how-severe-and-prevalent-are-ebola-and-marburg-viruses-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-case-fatality-rates-and-seroprevalence
#11
Luke Nyakarahuka, Clovice Kankya, Randi Krontveit, Benjamin Mayer, Frank N Mwiine, Julius Lutwama, Eystein Skjerve
BACKGROUND: Ebola and Marburg virus diseases are said to occur at a low prevalence, but are very severe diseases with high lethalities. The fatality rates reported in different outbreaks ranged from 24-100%. In addition, sero-surveys conducted have shown different seropositivity for both Ebola and Marburg viruses. We aimed to use a meta-analysis approach to estimate the case fatality and seroprevalence rates of these filoviruses, providing vital information for epidemic response and preparedness in countries affected by these diseases...
November 25, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881570/excess-cardiovascular-risk-in-women-relative-to-men-referred-for-coronary-angiography-is-associated-with-severely-impaired-coronary-flow-reserve-not-obstructive-disease
#12
Viviany R Taqueti, Leslee J Shaw, Nancy R Cook, Venkatesh L Murthy, Nishant R Shah, Courtney R Foster, Jon Hainer, Ron Blankstein, Sharmila Dorbala, Marcelo F Di Carli
BACKGROUND: -Cardiovascular disease (CVD) fatality rates are higher for women as compared with men, yet obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) is less prevalent in women. Coronary flow reserve (CFR), an integrated measure of large and small vessel CAD and myocardial ischemia, identifies patients at risk for CVD death, but is not routinely measured in clinical practice. We sought to investigate the impact of sex, CFR, and angiographic CAD severity on adverse cardiovascular events. METHODS: -Consecutive patients (N=329, 43% women) referred for invasive coronary angiography after stress testing with myocardial perfusion positron emission tomography (PET) and with left ventricular ejection fraction >40% were followed (median 3...
November 14, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876315/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-incidence-of-major-adverse-cardiovascular-events-in-us-veterans-a-cohort-study
#13
Peter F Kokkinos, Charles Faselis, Jonathan Myers, Puneet Narayan, Xuemei Sui, Jiajia Zhang, Carl J Lavie, Hans Moore, Pamela Karasik, Ross Fletcher
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between exercise capacity and the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A symptom-limited exercise tolerance test was performed to assess exercise capacity in 20,590 US veterans (12,975 blacks and 7615 whites; mean ± SD age, 58.2±11.0 years) from the Veterans Affairs medical centers in Washington, District of Columbia, and Palo Alto, California. None had a history of MACE or evidence of ischemia at the time of or before their exercise tolerance test...
November 19, 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871107/the-large-omnidirectional-child-lodc-atd-biofidelity-comparison-with-the-hybrid-iii-10-year-old
#14
Jason Stammen, Kevin Moorhouse, Brian Suntay, Michael Carlson, Yun-Seok Kang
When the Hybrid III 10-year old (HIII-10C) anthropomorphic test device (ATD) was adopted into Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 49 Part 572 as the best available tool for evaluating large belt-positioning booster seats in Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) No. 213, NHTSA stated that research activities would continue to improve the performance of the HIII-10C to address biofidelity concerns. A significant part of this effort has been NHTSA's in-house development of the Large Omnidirectional Child (LODC) ATD...
November 2016: Stapp Car Crash Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865985/cfr-mediated-linezolid-resistant-clinical-isolates-of-methicillin-resistant-coagulase-negative-staphylococci-from-china
#15
Yunjia Song, Yuan Lv, Lanqing Cui, Yun Li, Qian Ke, Yixuan Zhao
Three linezolid-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci (LR-CoNS), including two Staphylococcus cohnii and one Staphylococcus capitis, were isolated from 1104 clinical staphylococcal isolates across China in 2013-2014. Antibiotic susceptibilities of the bacteria were determined by the agar dilution method. PCR and DNA sequencing were performed to determine the potential molecular mechanism of linezolid resistance. The two linezolid-resistant S. cohnii isolates were subjected to pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) to investigate their genetic relatedness...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863281/the-unfamiliar-face-effect-on-forensic-craniofacial-reconstruction-and-recognition
#16
Won-Joon Lee, Caroline M Wilkinson
Previous research into the reliability of forensic craniofacial reconstruction (CFR) has focused primarily on the accuracy of reconstructed faces from European or African ancestry skulls. Moreover, the recognition of CFR in relation to the experience and ancestry of the practitioners and the assessors has not been previously considered. The cross-race effect is a recognised phenomenon in psychology studies, where familiar ancestry faces are recognised more readily than unfamiliar ancestry faces, but there is a paucity of research addressing the relationship between the accuracy of reconstructed faces and the familiarity with this ancestry by the practitioners/assessors...
December 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861340/prognostic-factors-associated-with-mortality-and-major-in-hospital-complications-in-patients-with-bacteremic-pneumococcal-pneumonia-population-based-study
#17
Jessica A Beatty, Sumit R Majumdar, Gregory J Tyrrell, Thomas J Marrie, Dean T Eurich
Bacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia (BPP) causes considerable mortality and morbidity. We aimed to identify prognostic factors associated with mortality and major in-hospital complications in BPP.A prospective, population-based clinical registry of 1636 hospitalized adult patients (≥18 years) with BPP was established between 2000 and 2010 in Northern Alberta, Canada. Prognostic factors for mortality and major in-hospital complications (e.g., cardiac events, mechanical ventilation, aspiration) were evaluated using multivariable logistic regression...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848160/coronary-flow-reserve-and-relative-flow-reserve-measured-by-n-13-ammonia-pet-for-characterization-of-coronary-artery-disease
#18
Sang-Geon Cho, Ki Seong Park, Jahae Kim, Sae-Ryung Kang, Ho-Chun Song, Ju Han Kim, Jae Yeong Cho, Young Joon Hong, Zeenat Jabin, Hee Jeong Park, Geum-Cheol Jeong, Seong Young Kwon, Jin Chul Paeng, Hyeon Sik Kim, Jung-Joon Min, Ernest V Garcia, Henry Hee-Seung Bom
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the relationships between coronary flow reserve (CFR) and relative flow reserve (RFR) measured by N-13 ammonia positron emission tomography (PET) for characterization of epicardial coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Sixty-nine consecutive stable angina patients underwent N-13 ammonia PET, coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA), and if necessary, invasive coronary angiography (CAG) within 2 weeks. Myocardial blood flow (MBF), CFR, RFR, and coronary vascular resistance of the reference arterial territory (CVRref) were measured by N-13 ammonia PET...
November 15, 2016: Annals of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832151/nationwide-trends-in-bacterial-meningitis-before-the-introduction-of-13-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-burkina-faso-2011-2013
#19
Dinanibè Kambiré, Heidi M Soeters, Rasmata Ouédraogo-Traoré, Isaïe Medah, Lassana Sangare, Issaka Yaméogo, Guetawendé Sawadogo, Abdoul-Salam Ouédraogo, Soumeya Hema-Ouangraoua, Lesley McGee, Velusamy Srinivasan, Flavien Aké, Malika Congo-Ouédraogo, Soufian Sanou, Absatou Ky Ba, Ryan T Novak, Chris Van Beneden
BACKGROUND: Following introduction of Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine in 2006 and serogroup A meningococcal conjugate vaccine in 2010, Streptococcus pneumoniae (Sp) became the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in Burkina Faso. We describe bacterial meningitis epidemiology, focusing on pneumococcal meningitis, before 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) introduction in the pediatric routine immunization program in October 2013. METHODS: Nationwide population-based meningitis surveillance collects case-level demographic and clinical information and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) laboratory results...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803036/comparative-prognostic-utility-of-indexes-of-microvascular-function-alone-or-in-combination-in-patients-with-an-acute-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#20
David Carrick, Caroline Haig, Nadeem Ahmed, Jaclyn Carberry, Vannesa Teng Yue May, Margaret McEntegart, Mark C Petrie, Hany Eteiba, Mitchell Lindsay, Stuart Hood, Stuart Watkins, Andrew Davie, Ahmed Mahrous, Ify Mordi, Ian Ford, Aleksandra Radjenovic, Keith G Oldroyd, Colin Berry
BACKGROUND: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention is frequently successful at restoring coronary artery blood flow in patients with acute ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction; however, failed myocardial reperfusion commonly passes undetected in up to half of these patients. The index of microvascular resistance (IMR) is a novel invasive measure of coronary microvascular function. We aimed to investigate the pathological and prognostic significance of an IMR>40, alone or in combination with a coronary flow reserve (CFR≤2...
December 6, 2016: Circulation
keyword
keyword
26390
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"