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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647024/montagna-symposium-2016-the-skin-our-sensory-organ-for-itch-pain-touch-and-pleasure
#1
Rachel C Clary, Rose Z Hill, Francis McGlone, Lan A Li, Molly Kulesz-Martin, Gil Yosipovitch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642048/sexual-consequences-of-post-ssri-syndrome
#2
REVIEW
Yacov Reisman
INTRODUCTION: Sexual dysfunctions are well-known side effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) use. Altered libido, erectile dysfunction, vaginal dryness, ejaculatory disorders, and orgasmic problems are frequently reported by patients treated with SSRIs. Moreover, these antidepressant-emergent sexual dysfunctions do not always resolve after discontinuation of the medication and can persist indefinitely. These complaints are termed post-SSRI sexual dysfunctions (PSSD)...
June 19, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641975/engendering-drug-problems-materialising-gender-in-the-dudit-and-other-screening-and-diagnostic-apparatuses
#3
Robyn Dwyer, Suzanne Fraser
It is widely accepted that alcohol and other drug consumption is profoundly gendered. Just where this gendering is occurring, however, remains the subject of debate. We contend that one important and overlooked site where the gendering of substance consumption and addiction is taking place is through AOD research itself: in particular, through the addiction screening and diagnostic tools designed to measure and track substance consumption and problems within populations. These tools establish key criteria and set numerical threshold scores for the identification of problems...
June 19, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641867/motivational-pathways-of-occupational-and-organizational-turnover-intention-among-newly-registered-nurses-in-canada
#4
Claude Fernet, Sarah-Geneviève Trépanier, Mireille Demers, Stéphanie Austin
BACKGROUND: Staff turnover is a major issue for health care systems. In a time of labor shortage, it is critical to understand the motivational factors that underlie turnover intention in newly licensed nurses. PURPOSE: To examine whether different forms of motivation (the reasons for which nurses engage in their work) predict intention to quit the occupation and organization through distinct forms (affective and continuance) and targets (occupation and organization) of commitment...
May 26, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635450/you-don-t-have-to-know-the-answers-to-write-poetry
#5
Molly Case
It's a great pleasure to be able to spend the next six months as the RCN's first ever writer in residence. My role is part of an exciting new project at the RCN Library and Archive called Service Scrapbooks: Nursing, Storytelling and the First World War, which is funded by a £60,600 grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund.
June 21, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634107/chronic-pramipexole-treatment-induces-compulsive-behavior-in-rats-with-6-ohda-lesions-of-the-substantia-nigra-and-ventral-tegmental-area
#6
D Dardou, L Reyrolle, C Chassain, F Durif
Dopamine replacement therapy (DRT) reduces motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD), but also induces impulsive-compulsive behavior (ICB) in up to 25% of PD patients. These non-motor side effects of DRT generally follow a gradual transition from impulsive to compulsive-like-i.e. repetitive, compelled, and non-pleasurable-behavior. Here, we investigated the effect of chronic pramipexole (PPX) treatment on the onset of compulsive-like behavior, measured via the post-training signal attenuation (PTSA) procedure, in rats with dopaminergic lesions...
June 17, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632007/what-do-medical-students-do-for-self-care-a-student-centered-approach-to-well-being
#7
Erin E Ayala, Aisha M Omorodion, Dennis Nmecha, Jeffrey S Winseman, Hyacinth R C Mason
Phenomenon: Despite the promotion of medical student health and wellness through recent program and curricular changes, research continues to show that medical education is associated with decreased well-being in medical students. Although many institutions have sought to more effectively assess and improve self-care in medical students, no self-care initiatives have been designed using the explicit perspectives of students themselves. APPROACH: Using concept mapping methodology, the research team created a student-generated taxonomy of self-care behaviors taken from a national sample of medical students in response to a brainstorming prompt...
February 16, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624118/decreasing-patient-stress-and-physician-medical-workforce-burnout-through-health-care-environments-uncovering-the-serious-leisure-perspective-at-mayo-clinic-s-campus-in-rochester-minnesota
#8
REVIEW
Rodney B Dieser, Christopher R Edginton, Renee Ziemer
Health care environments are places of high stress for both patients and medical professionals. Although organizational efforts of workload and efficiency are often implemented to decrease both patient and physician/medical workforce stress, what is often overlooked is how leisure opportunities and programs located in day-to-day experiences and in physically built environments can increase both patient and medical staff enjoyment and pleasure, thus lowering patient stress and physician/medical staff burnout...
June 9, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623880/associations-between-anhedonia-and-marijuana-use-escalation-across-mid-adolescence
#9
Adam M Leventhal, Junhan Cho, Matthew D Stone, Jessica L Barrington-Trimis, Chih-Ping Chou, Steven Y Sussman, Nathaniel R Riggs, Jennifer B Unger, Janet Audrain-McGovern, David R Strong
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Anhedonia-a transdiagnostic psychopathological trait indicative of inability to experience pleasure-could lead to and result from adolescent marijuana use, yet this notion has not been tested. This study aimed to estimate the association of: (1) anhedonia at age 14 with rate of change in marijuana use over an 18-month follow-up, and (2) marijuana use at age 14 with rate of change in anhedonia over follow-up. Secondary aims were to test whether gender, baseline marijuana use history, and peer marijuana use moderated these associations...
June 17, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621763/why-don-t-more-smokers-switch-to-using-e-cigarettes-the-views-of-confirmed-smokers
#10
Neil McKeganey, Tiffany Dickson
Whilst e-cigarettes have been characterised by Public Health England as being around 95% less harmful than combustible tobacco products, only a minority of current smokers (around 16% within the UK) are using these devices. In this paper we report the results of an online survey of 650 smokers in contact with a smokers' rights group in the UK. A total of 91% of the smokers surveyed were smoking on a daily basis. Fifty nine percent reported having used electronic nicotine delivery systems, the majority of whom reported having used e-cigarettes...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618283/vocational-education-paths-youth-activities-and-underage-drinking-in-russia-how-early-does-the-trouble-start
#11
Viktor Lushin, James Jaccard, Valeria Ivaniushina, Daniel Alexandrov
Working-class educational paths tend to be associated with elevated drinking. Little research has examined whether disproportionate alcohol use among vocationally oriented youth begins before or after the start of their vocational education. The present study analyzes a large sample of Russian middle-school students (N=1269; mean age=14.9), comparing the patterns of drinking among middle-schoolers oriented towards vocational educational, and their peers who do not plan a vocational education path. Results suggest that the orientation towards vocational education is associated with disproportionately high alcohol involvement among Russian middle-school students, even before they enter vocational schools...
June 12, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615204/human-cytomegalovirus-ie2-protein-disturbs-brain-development-by-dysregulating-neural-stem-cell-maintenance-and-the-polarization-of-migrating-neurons
#12
Dasol Han, Sung-Hyun Byun, Juwan Kim, Mookwang Kwon, Samuel J Pleasure, Jin-Hyun Ahn, Keejung Yoon
Despite the high incidence of severe defects in the central nervous system caused by human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) congenital infection, the mechanism of HCMV neuropathogenesis and the roles of individual viral genes have not yet been fully determined. In this study, we show that the immediate-early 2 (IE2) protein may play a key role in HCMV-caused neurodevelopmental disorders. IE2-transduced neural progenitor cells gave rise to neurospheres with a lower frequency and produced smaller neurospheres than control cells in vitro, indicating reduction of self-renewal and expansion of neural progenitors by IE2...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609429/reciprocal-evolution-of-opiate-science-from-medical-and-cultural-perspectives
#13
George B Stefano, Nastazja Pilonis, Radek Ptacek, Richard M Kream
Over the course of human history, it has been common to use plants for medicinal purposes, such as for providing relief from particular maladies and self-medication. Opium represents one longstanding remedy that has been used to address a range of medical conditions, alleviating discomfort often in ways that have proven pleasurable. Opium is a combination of compounds obtained from the mature fruit of opium poppy, papaver somniferum. Morphine and its biosynthetic precursors thebaine and codeine constitute the main bioactive opiate alkaloids contained in opium...
June 13, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608119/breast-specific-sensuality-and-sexual-function-in-cancer-survivorship-does-surgical-modality-matter
#14
Jennifer S Gass, Michaela Onstad, Sarah Pesek, Kristin Rojas, Sara Fogarty, Ashley Stuckey, Christina Raker, Don S Dizon
PURPOSE: More early-staged breast cancer patients are choosing mastectomy. No studies have addressed breast-specific sensuality (BSS), defined as the breast's role during intimacy. We explored BSS among women undergoing lumpectomy (L), mastectomy alone (M), or with reconstruction (MR) and analyzed the association of surgical modality with sexual function. METHODS: Women undergoing breast cancer surgery between 2000 and 2013 were eligible for survey using investigator-generated questions and the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI)...
June 12, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604041/sexuality-leads-to-boosts-in-mood-and-meaning-in-life-with-no-evidence-for-the-reverse-direction-a-daily-diary-investigation
#15
Todd B Kashdan, Fallon R Goodman, Melissa Stiksma, Cayla R Milius, Patrick E McKnight
Sex is rarely discussed in theories of well-being and rarely empirically examined using methods other than cross-sectional surveys. In the present study, a daily diary approach was used (for 21 days with 152 adults) to explore the relationship between the presence and quality of sexual episodes and well-being (positive affect, negative affect, meaning in life). Time-lagged analyses demonstrated that sexual activity on 1 day was related to greater well-being the next. As for the quality of episodes, higher reported sexual pleasure and intimacy predicted greater positive affect and lower negative affect the following day...
June 12, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602159/micro-drinking-behaviours-and-consumption-of-wine-in-different-wine-glass-sizes-a-laboratory-study
#16
Z Zupan, R Pechey, D L Couturier, G J Hollands, T M Marteau
BACKGROUND: Tableware size may influence how much food and non-alcoholic drink is consumed. Preliminary evidence of the impact of glass size on purchasing of alcoholic drinks shows an increase in wine sales of almost 10% when the same portion of wine is served in a larger glass. The primary aim of the current study is to test if micro-drinking behaviours act as a mechanism that could underlie this effect, through an increase in drinking rate, sip duration and/or number of sips from a larger glass...
June 12, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600840/the-influence-of-oral-health-on-patients-food-perception-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Cindy Batisse, Guillaume Bonnet, Caroline Eschevins, Martine Hennequin, Emanuel Nicolas
Oral food perception depends on somato-sensory information that includes taste and can be modified by oral components and/or functions such as mastication. The purpose of this study is to describe the interplay between oral health, mastication and taste. A review according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses checklist was conducted on 615 publications found by both pubmed and backward research. Thirty-one studies have been included. The results showed that the decline in taste ability observed during the healthy aging process could be potentiated by the deterioration of oral health and poor oral hygiene...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599586/how-children-with-cerebral-palsy-master-bimanual-activities-from-a-parental-perspective
#18
Git Lidman, Kate Himmelmann, Gunilla Gosman-Hedström, Marie Peny-Dahlstrand
BACKGROUND: During childhood, children learn the daily life activities they want and need to do. Children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy often have difficulties performing activities requiring two hands. AIM: To describe parental reasoning on how children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy learn to master the performance of bimanual activities in everyday life. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixteen parents participated in focus groups, a qualitative research approach with its own methodological criteria and research methods...
June 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597553/attenuated-positive-psychotic-symptoms-and-the-experience-of-anhedonia
#19
Shanna Cooper, Ann M Kring, Lauren M Ellman
BACKGROUND: Deficits in anticipatory pleasure have been consistently shown among chronic, first-episode, and clinical high risk for psychosis populations, but much less attention has been given to non-clinical individuals experiencing attenuated positive psychotic symptoms (APPS). METHODS: Young adults (N = 1839) were administered the Temporal Experience of Pleasure Scale, which measures anticipatory and consummatory pleasure, and the Prodromal Questionnaire, which measures APPS...
June 9, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590810/worth-the-wait-leisure-can-be-just-as-enjoyable-with-work-left-undone
#20
Ed O'Brien, Ellen Roney
Four studies reveal that (a) people hold a robust intuition about the order of work and leisure and that (b) this intuition is sometimes mistaken. People prefer saving leisure for last, believing they would otherwise be distracted by looming work (Study 1). In controlled experiments, however, although subjects thought their enjoyment would be spoiled when they played a game before rather than after a laborious problem-solving task, got a massage before rather than after midterms, and consumed snacks and watched videos before rather than after a stressful performance, in reality these experiences were similarly enjoyable regardless of order (Studies 2 through 4)...
June 1, 2017: Psychological Science
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