keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pleasure

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444327/reviving-a-positive-discourse-on-sexuality-within-social-work
#1
S J Dodd, Deborah Tolman
Sexuality is not an invisible dimension within social work. Social workers are constantly engaged with aspects of sexuality across virtually all practice domains. Indeed, some of the most fundamental and frequent concerns of social workers involve sexual abuse, sexual violence, and HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. However, conversations about healthy sexuality, positive sexuality, or sexual well-being that are well ensconced in many disciplines are all but absent from current social work literature, education, and practice...
April 24, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440970/factors-associated-with-cigarette-smoking-in-central-parts-of-iran
#2
Mujtaba Shuja, Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Hamid Reza Roohafza, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Mahin Ghafari, Mahdi Mohammadian, Abdollah Mohammadian Hafshejani
Background: This study aims to assess factors associated with cigarette smoking in central parts of Iran. Materials and methods: We used the data of the post intervention phase of Isfahan Healthy Heart Program (IHHP) that was conducted in 2007. Logistic regression was used for calculating crude and adjusted Odds Ratios (OR). The group with the least prevalence of smoking was considered as the Reference Group (RG) and the OR for other parts of the variable was calculated based on the RG and reported with a confidence interval of 95%...
March 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437669/white-matter-microstructural-abnormalities-and-their-association-with-anticipatory-anhedonia-in-depression
#3
Xin-Hua Yang, Yi Wang, Dong-Fang Wang, Kai Tian, Eric F C Cheung, Guang-Rong Xie, Raymond C K Chan
Anhedonia is associated with dysfunction of the neural circuitry of reward in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). However, its neurobiological basis is not fully understood. The present study examined the association between anhedonia and white matter (WM) characteristics in patients with first-episode MDD. We recruited 30 patients with first-episode drug-naive MDD and 28 healthy controls (HC) to undergo diffusion weighted imaging. We examined specifically the correlation between WM characteristics and anhedonia measured with the Temporal Experience of Pleasure Scale (TEPS) in MDD patients...
April 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432029/suppression-of-reward-induced-dopamine-release-in-the-nucleus-accumbens-in-animal-models-of-depression-differential-responses-to-drug-treatment
#4
Saki Minami, Hiroshi Satoyoshi, Soichiro Ide, Takeshi Inoue, Mitsuhiro Yoshioka, Masabumi Minami
Anhedonia, the loss of interest or pleasure in previously enjoyable activities, is a core symptom of major depressive disorder, suggesting that the brain reward system may be dysfunctional in this condition. Neurochemical changes in the mesolimbic dopamine (DA) system are not fully understood in animal models of depression. We investigated reward (30% sucrose intake)-induced DA release in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) and the effect of chronic treatment with the antidepressant escitalopram (5mg/kg, intraperitoneally twice daily for 3 weeks) in two animal models of depression...
April 19, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431515/the-effectiveness-of-creating-an-online-life-story-book-on-persons-with-early-dementia-and-their-informal-caregivers-a-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Teuntje R Elfrink, Sytse U Zuidema, Miriam Kunz, Gerben J Westerhof
BACKGROUND: Dementia has a high burden for patients, informal caregivers and society. Given changes in care systems, more persons with dementia will live longer at home. However, living at home (with dementia) with a good quality of life is not easy to achieve. Dementia is often accompanied by neuropsychiatric symptoms like apathy, agitation, depression, and anxiety, which have a negative impact on quality of life. Whereas cognitive deterioration can hardly be influenced, it is possible to reduce neuropsychiatric symptoms...
April 21, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427114/h-lifestyle-use-of-drugs-by-healthy-people-for-enhancing-cognition-creativity-motivation-and-pleasure
#6
REVIEW
L-S Camilla d'Angelo, George Savulich, Barbara J Sahakian
Today there is continued, and in some cases growing, availability of psychoactive substances, including treatments for mental health disorders such as cognitive enhancers, which can enhance or restore brain function, but also 'recreational' drugs such as novel psychoactive substances (NPS). The use of psychoactive drugs has both benefits and risks: whilst new drugs to treat cognitive symptoms in neuropsychiatric or neurodegenerative disorders could have great benefits for many patient groups, the increasing ease of accessibility to recreational NPS and the increasing lifestyle use of cognitive enhancers by healthy people means that the effective management of psychoactive substances will be an issue of increasing importance...
April 20, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427049/predictive-validity-of-two-physical-frailty-phenotype-specifications-developed-for-investigation-of-frailty-pathways-in-older-people
#7
Yew Yoong Ding
BACKGROUND: For investigating the relationship of frailty with physical, psychological, and social conditions on pathways, the frailty definition should ideally exclude these conditions. Based on the frailty phenotype, 2 candidate physical frailty specifications or instruments with 3 indicators, namely slowness, weakness, and exhaustion, and 4 indicators with addition of weight loss were previously developed, and had their construct and concurrent validity demonstrated. OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to evaluate the predictive validity of 2 candidate physical frailty specifications with respect to death, functional impairment, and poor quality of life in older people...
April 21, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425213/genotype-phenotype-correlations-in-cornelia-de-lange-syndrome-behavioral-characteristics-and-changes-with-age
#8
Joanna Moss, Jessica Penhallow, Morad Ansari, Stephanie Barton, David Bourn, David R FitzPatrick, Judith Goodship, Peter Hammond, Catherine Roberts, Alice Welham, Chris Oliver
Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a multisystem genetic disorder associated with unusual facial features, limb abnormalities, a wide range of health conditions, and intellectual disability. Mutations in five genes that encode (SMC1A, SMC3, RAD21) or regulate (NIPBL, HDAC8) the cohesin complex have been identified in up to 70% of individuals. Genetic cause remains unknown for a proportion of individuals. There is substantial heterogeneity in all aspects of CdLS but very little is known about what predicts phenotypic heterogeneity...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424639/inconsistent-effect-of-arousal-on-early-auditory-perception
#9
Anna C Bolders, Guido P H Band, Pieter Jan M Stallen
Mood has been shown to influence cognitive performance. However, little is known about the influence of mood on sensory processing, specifically in the auditory domain. With the current study, we sought to investigate how auditory processing of neutral sounds is affected by the mood state of the listener. This was tested in two experiments by measuring masked-auditory detection thresholds before and after a standard mood-induction procedure. In the first experiment (N = 76), mood was induced by imagining a mood-appropriate event combined with listening to mood inducing music...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413813/new-insights-into-early-life-stress-and-behavioral-outcomes
#10
Jessica L Bolton, Jenny Molet, Autumn Ivy, Tallie Z Baram
Adverse early-life experiences, including various forms of early-life stress, have consistently been linked with vulnerability to cognitive and emotional disorders later in life. Understanding the mechanisms underlying the enduring consequences of early-life stress is an active area of research, because this knowledge is critical for developing potential interventions. Animal models of early-life stress typically rely on manipulating maternal/parental presence and care, because these are the major source of early-life experiences in humans...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412878/-top-down-mu-opioid-system-function-in-humans-mu-opioid-receptors-in-ventrolateral-prefrontal-cortex-mediate-the-relationship-between-hedonic-tone-and-executive-function-in-major-depressive-disorder
#11
Sharee N Light, Linas A Bieliauskas, Jon-Kar Zubieta
Cognitive dysfunction and anhedonia, the reduced ability to experience pleasure, are commonly comorbid symptoms that are persistent following successful resolution of negative affect in major depressive disorder (MDD). Little is known about whether they share common etiology. In the present study, the relationship between ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (VLPFC) activity, cognitive dysfunction (i.e., executive dysfunction), and positive emotionality was investigated in conjunction with mu-opioid neurotransmission in a sample of 39 MDD patients...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412089/inverse-association-between-negative-symptoms-and-body-mass-index-in-chronic-schizophrenia
#12
G Mezquida, G Savulich, C Garcia-Rizo, M P Garcia-Portilla, A Toll, L Garcia-Alvarez, J Bobes, A Mané, M Bernardo, E Fernandez-Egea
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether negative symptoms, such as poor motivation or anhedonia, were associated with higher body mass index (BMI) in stable patients with schizophrenia chronically treated with antipsychotic medication. METHODS: 62 olanzapine- or clozapine-treated patients with illness duration of at least four years were selected from an international multicenter study on the characterization of negative symptoms. All participants completed the Brief Negative Symptom Scale (BNSS) and the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS)...
April 12, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411732/design-and-validation-of-an-aircraft-seat-comfort-scale-using-item-response-theory
#13
Lizandra da Silva Menegon, Silvana Ligia Vincenzi, Dalton Francisco de Andrade, Pedro Alberto Barbetta, Eugenio Andrés Díaz Merino, Peter Vink
This article aims to evaluate the psychometric properties of a scale that measures aircraft seat comfort. Factor analysis was used to study data variances. Psychometric quality was checked by using Item Response Theory. The sample consisted of 1500 passengers who completed a questionnaire at a Brazilian airport. Full information factor analysis showed the presence of one dominant factor explaining 34% of data variance. The scale generated covered all levels of comfort data, from 'no comfort' to 'maximum comfort'...
July 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411030/a-critical-and-interpretive-literature-review-of-birthing-women-s-non-elicited-pain-language
#14
Stephanie Power, Fiona E Bogossian, Roland Sussex, Jenny Strong
BACKGROUND: Standardised pain assessment i.e. the McGill Pain Questionnaire provide an elicited pain language. Midwives observe spontaneous non-elicited pain language to guide their assessment of how a woman is coping with labour. This paper examined the labour pain experience using the questions: What type of pain language do women use? Do any of the words match the descriptors of standardised pain assessments? What type of information doverbal and non-verbal cues provide to the midwife? METHODS: A literature search was conducted in 2013...
April 12, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408877/dull-to-social-acceptance-rather-than-sensitivity-to-social-ostracism-in-interpersonal-interaction-for-depression-behavioral-and-electrophysiological-evidence-from-cyberball-tasks
#15
Qing Zhang, Xiaosi Li, Kai Wang, Xiaoqin Zhou, Yi Dong, Lei Zhang, Wen Xie, Jingjing Mu, Hongchen Li, Chunyan Zhu, Fengqiong Yu
Objectives: Impairments in interpersonal relationships in depression present as irritability, pessimism, and withdrawal, and play an important role in the onset and maintenance of the disorder. However, we know little about the neurological causes of this impaired interpersonal function. This study used the event-related brain potential (ERP) version of the Cyberball paradigm to investigate the emotions and neural activities in depressive patients during social inclusion and exclusion simultaneously to explore neuropsychological mechanisms...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406662/explicit-and-implicit-reinforcement-learning-across-the-psychosis-spectrum
#16
Deanna M Barch, Cameron S Carter, James M Gold, Sheri L Johnson, Ann M Kring, Angus W MacDonald, Diego A Pizzagalli, J Daniel Ragland, Steven M Silverstein, Milton E Strauss
Motivational and hedonic impairments are core features of a variety of types of psychopathology. An important aspect of motivational function is reinforcement learning (RL), including implicit (i.e., outside of conscious awareness) and explicit (i.e., including explicit representations about potential reward associations) learning, as well as both positive reinforcement (learning about actions that lead to reward) and punishment (learning to avoid actions that lead to loss). Here we present data from paradigms designed to assess both positive and negative components of both implicit and explicit RL, examine performance on each of these tasks among individuals with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, and bipolar disorder with psychosis, and examine their relative relationships to specific symptom domains transdiagnostically...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406348/motivations-for-using-mdma-ecstasy-molly-among-african-americans-implications-for-prevention-and-harm-reduction-programs
#17
Khary K Rigg
Despite the growing popularity of MDMA (ecstasy/molly) among African Americans, their motives for using the drug are still largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to identify and describe the most salient motivations for using MDMA among this understudied population. In-depth interviews (n = 15) were conducted with a sample of African American young adults in Southwest Florida between August 2014 and November 2015. The primary motivations for using MDMA included: (1) altering the effects of marijuana and alcohol; (2) lasting longer sexually; (3) enhancing sexual pleasure; and (4) facilitating "freaky" sexual experiences...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404528/alcohol-and-healthy-ageing-a-challenge-for-alcohol-policy
#18
D Nicholson, F McCormack, P Seaman, K Bell, T Duffy, M Gilhooly
OBJECTIVES: This paper presents findings of a qualitative study of older people's use of alcohol during retirement and identifies ways that an improved understanding of older people's drinking can inform policy approaches to alcohol and active and healthy ageing. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative semi-structured interviews conducted with a self-selecting sample of retired people. METHODS: Participants were recruited from three geographical locations in the West of Scotland...
April 3, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403689/limits-excesses-and-pleasures-practices-and-discourses-of-sex-work-in-a-mexican-rural-community
#19
Rodrigo Parrini, Ana Amuchástegui, Cecilia Garibi
In Tomatlán, a small city on the Mexican Pacific Coast there is a tolerance zone in which a group of sex workers, separated from the rest of the city by a garbage dump, offer their services to local men. The women present themselves materially and symbolically as agents of regulation with respect to male sexuality, itself constructed as overwhelming and insatiable, which, were it not for services provided by the sex workers, would threaten the family-based social order. Through in-depth interviews with 19 sex workers and 5 municipal officials, this paper discusses how the sex gender system results in a series of borders that are both geographical and subjective...
April 13, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403313/educational-action-research-on-facebook%C3%A2-combining-leisure-and-learning
#20
Célia Maria Gomes Labegalini, Iara Sescon Nogueira, Daysi Mara Murio Ribeiro Rodrigues, Elton Carlos Almeida, Sonia Maria Villela Bueno, Vanessa Denardi Antoniassi Baldissera
Objective: To analyse the path of dialogical education in leisure and mental health in social media. Method: Action research based on the theoretical-methodological framework of Paulo Freire, conducted with 11 nursing students of a public university in the state of Paraná, Brazil, during seven days of June 2015, in a closed group on Facebook®. The dialogues were called, 'Virtual Culture Circles' and preceded by self-administered questionnaires that addressed the relationship between leisure and mental health...
April 6, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
keyword
keyword
2639
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"