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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324886/the-effect-of-ovarian-cancer-screening-on-sexual-activity-and-functioning-results-from-the-uk-collaborative-trial-of-ovarian-cancer-screening-rct
#1
Lesley Fallowfield, Ivonne Solis-Trapala, Usha Menon, Carolyn Langridge, Shirley May, Ian Jacobs, Valerie Jenkins
BACKGROUND: To examine the impact of multimodal (MMS) and ultrasound (USS) screening on the sexual activity and functioning of 22 966 women in the UK Collaborative Trial of Ovarian Cancer Screening (UKCTOCS) RCT. METHODS: Fallowfield's Sexual Activity Questionnaire (FSAQ) was completed prior to randomisation, then annually in a random sample (RS) of women from MMS, USS and control groups. Any women in the study who required repeat screening due to unsatisfactory results formed an Events Sample (ES); they completed questionnaires following an event and annually thereafter...
March 21, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320164/impact-of-stn-dbs-on-mood-drive-anhedonia-and-risk-of-psychiatric-side-effects-in-the-population-of-pd-patients
#2
Anna Antosik-Wójcińska, Łukasz Święcicki, Monika Dominiak, Emilia Sołtan, Przemyslaw Bieńkowski, Tomasz Mandat
BACKGROUND: DBS is a surgical method of choice for various movement disorders, especially for Parkinson's disease (PD). Many publications showing improvement in motor symptoms and quality of life have been presented while there is little comprehensive research evaluation of the impact of DBS on mental state and psychiatric side-effects. OBJECT: The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of DBS on mood, drive, anhedonia and psychotic symptoms in the group of PD patients...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317113/temperamental-markers-in-toddlers-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Suzanne L Macari, Judah Koller, Daniel J Campbell, Katarzyna Chawarska
BACKGROUND: Although temperament has been recognized as an important contributor to childhood psychopathology, its role in emergent autism spectrum phenotypes is not well understood. This study examined whether toddlers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) display temperamental vulnerabilities compared to toddlers with other developmental challenges, whether these characteristics are distinct from core autism symptoms, if they are stable over time, and if they contribute to social outcomes in preschool...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316064/depression-among-hiv-aids-patients-on-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-in-the-southwest-regional-hospitals-of-cameroon-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Pleasure Atoh Ngum, Peter Nde Fon, Roland Cheofor Ngu, Vincent Siysi Verla, Henri Namme Luma
INTRODUCTION: HIV patients are now having longer life expectancies with the use of antiretroviral therapy (ART). However, the issue of mental illness has surfaced with depression being the most common in these patients, which has markedly reduced patient adherence to ART. In Cameroon, the management of HIV/AIDS does not incorporate psychiatric manifestations and depression is therefore underdiagnosed. The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence and determinants of depressive symptoms and their association with adherence to ART among HIV/AIDS patients on HAART in the Southwest Regional Hospitals of Cameroon...
March 18, 2017: Neurology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300479/knowing-and-not-knowing-a-frequent-human-arrangement
#5
Sylvia Solinski
The paradigmatic system of societal abuse occurs in totalitarian state systems. The relational systems of subjugation that maintain such states of terror must, of necessity, destroy any authentic civic space in which individuals can flourish. Similar dynamics characterize child abuse within families. Survival requires the use of varied strategies, the most extreme of which are dissociative in nature, and that result in marked distortions of developmental trajectories across all psychological domains. Such dynamics are mirrored in dissociative systems that, in the absence of intervention, perpetuate the trauma of non-recognition by subjugation and self-objectification, or by omnipotent denial of others' subjectivity...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299563/the-importance-of-sex-and-the-meaning-of-sex-and-sexual-pleasure-for-men-aged-60-and-older-who-engage-in-heterosexual-relationships-findings-from-a-qualitative-interview-study
#6
Bianca Fileborn, Sharron Hinchliff, Anthony Lyons, Wendy Heywood, Victor Minichiello, Graham Brown, Sue Malta, Catherine Barrett, Pauline Crameri
That many older individuals continue to engage in various forms of sexual expression well into later life is now well established in the literature. To date, however, only a small body of qualitative research has examined older men's experiences and understandings of sex in later life. Likewise, the ways in which older men's discussions on sex may be used as an avenue for "doing" masculinity remain underexplored. Older men are particularly interesting in this regard, as they inhabit an increasingly subordinated position in relation to hegemonic masculine ideals because of their age...
March 15, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299156/fifty-shades-of-african-lightness-a-bio-psychosocial-review-of-the-global-phenomenon-of-skin-lightening-practices
#7
REVIEW
Meagan Jacobs, Susan Levine, Kate Abney, Lester Davids
Skin-lightening is an aesthetic practice of global concern. By adopting a biopsycho-social approach, we consider the interplay between the biological, psychological and social factors that underpin the circulation and consumption of skin lighteners in South Africa. This paper reflects on biological aspects of skin lightening, interpersonal relationships, individual beliefs and expectations about the maintenance of health and well being that informs cosmetic practices. The paper seeks to examine claims made by historians (Thomas) and political philosophers and activists (Biko) that colonialism and apartheid in South Africa historically reinforced the use of skin lightening products in the country...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292390/penile-incarceration-by-metallic-ring
#8
(no author information available yet)
Application of constricting objects over penis for auto-erotic purpose can lead to dangerous results. A variety of metallic and non-metallic objects are used. The removal of these objects is a great challenge. We report a case of a young man who placed a hard metallic ring around his penis for sexual pleasure. A 22-year old man presented in emergency department with complain of painful swelling of his penis since 4 hours. Physical examination revealed part of penis distal to ring as congested and markedly tender with decreased sensation...
February 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291298/-neurobiology-of-alcohol-dependence-and-implications-on-treatment
#9
Ertuğrul Eşel, Köksal Dinç
The process of alcohol dependence has been conceptualized as a progress from controlled alcohol intake to compulsive alcohol consumption or a shift from alcohol intake for pleasure to compulsory alcohol seeking behavior. Hereditary and physical factors and the interaction of individuals with their environment, as well as permanent changes in the neurotransmitter and neurohormonal systems in the brain due to alcohol use, play the most important role in the etiology of alcohol dependence. The effects of ethanol on the neurotransmitter, neuropeptide and neuroendocrine systems not only account for its acute physiological and euphoric/reinforcing effects but also seem to be responsible for the development of dependence...
2017: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290252/pleasure-as-an-overlooked-target-of-substance-use-disorder-research-and-treatment
#10
Matthew Boden, Adrienne Heinz, Todd B Kashdan
BACKGROUND: People commonly use psychoactive substances to increase physical and psychological pleasure. Neuroadaptations in the brain's reward system coupled with changes in social functioning and networking resulting from chronic substance use impede the ability to derive pleasure from non-substance related activities. OBJECTIVE: We elucidate and validate the hypothesis that treatments for substance use disorders would potentially have a stronger and broader impact by helping recipients to experience pleasure as part of an expansive focus of increasing adaptive functioning, well-being, and personal fulfillment and actualization...
March 8, 2017: Current Drug Abuse Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289597/daily-users-compared-to-less-frequent-users-find-vape-as-or-more-satisfying-and-less-dangerous-than-cigarettes-and-are-likelier-to-use-non-cig-alike-vaping-products
#11
Lynn T Kozlowski, D Lynn Homish, Gregory G Homish
We assessed the roles of perceived satisfaction and perceived danger and vaping-product-type as correlates of more frequent use of vaping products. In a baseline assessment of a longitudinal study of US Army Reserve/National Guard Soldiers and their partners (New York State, USA, 2014-2016), participants were asked about current use of vaping products (e-cigarettes) and perceived satisfaction and danger in comparison to cigarettes as well as type of product used. Fisher-exact tests and multiple ordinal logistic regressions were used...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284705/characterization-of-misfit-dislocations-in-si-quantum-well-structures-enabled-by-stem-based-aberration-correction
#12
Philip E Batson, Maureen J Lagos
The success of aberration correction techniques at the end of the 20th century came at a time of increasing need for atomic resolution imaging to better understand known structural defects that influence semiconductor device operation, and to advance the search for new structures and behavior that will form the basis for devices in the future. With this in mind, it is a pleasure to recognize the contributions of Ondrej Krivanek to the success of aberration correction techniques, and his extension of aberration techniques to EELS equipment that further promises to unite structural studies with characterization of behavior from meV to keV energies in the STEM...
March 2, 2017: Ultramicroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283156/dietary-therapy-and-nutrition-management-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis-a-work-group-report-of-the-american-academy-of-allergy-asthma-and-immunology
#13
Marion Groetch, Carina Venter, Isabel Skypala, Berber Vlieg-Boerstra, Kate Grimshaw, Raquel Durban, Alison Cassin, Michelle Henry, Kara Kliewer, Lynda Kabbash, Dan Atkins, Anna Nowak-Węgrzyn, Mark Holbreich, Mirna Chehade
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic/immune-antigen-mediated disease characterized clinically by symptoms related to esophageal dysfunction and histologically by eosinophil-predominant inflammation. Dietary elimination therapy has been shown to be an effective, drug-free prescription for the treatment of EoE. A range of different dietary elimination therapies have been used. Regardless of the elimination diet chosen, dietary therapy requires in-depth nutrition assessment and management. Elimination diets are not without risk and may impact nutritional status, eating pleasure, and overall quality of life...
March 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282724/psychometric-properties-of-the-casp-12-in-a-spanish-older-community-dwelling-sample
#14
Gema Pérez-Rojo, Noemy Martín, Cristina Noriega, Javier López
OBJECTIVE: Current studies have shown that older people's quality of life (QoL) is more associated to individual's sense of happiness and subjective life satisfaction than to objective problems. CASP scale conceptualizes QoL based on a psycho-sociological perspective. Originally, CASP consisted of 19 items (four factors: Control, Autonomy, Self-realization and Pleasure). Later, it was proposed a shorter version (12 items and three factors). The aim of this study was to assess the structure of the CASP-12 SHARE version using confirmatory factor analysis...
February 28, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281019/mapping-the-frequency-and-severity-of-depressive-behaviors-in-preschool-aged-children
#15
Sara J Bufferd, Lea R Dougherty, Thomas M Olino
Depressive emotions and behaviors, such as sadness, irritability, and sleep difficulties, are often early-emerging, impairing, and persistent. However, these behaviors are normative in early development, so it is critical to identify the spectrum of behaviors that may be relevant to the development of depression. This study characterizes the frequency and severity of depressive behaviors and impairment in preschool-aged children using a novel daily diary method with 291 parents. A coherent depression dimension was identified, and the specific frequency at which individual behaviors were identified as severe is reported...
March 9, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280478/an-examination-of-personality-traits-associated-with-autonomous-sensory-meridian-response-asmr
#16
Beverley Fredborg, Jim Clark, Stephen D Smith
Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ASMR) is a perceptual condition in which the presentation of particular audio-visual stimuli triggers intense, pleasurable tingling sensations in the head and neck regions, which may spread to the periphery of the body. These triggering stimuli are often socially intimate in nature, and usually involve repetition of movements and/or sounds (e.g., hearing whispering, watching someone brush her hair). Reports of ASMR experiences first appeared in online communities in 2010; since this time, these communities have expanded, with some groups consisting of over 100,000 members...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279689/living-alone-but-eating-together-exploring-lunch-clubs-as-a-dining-out-experience
#17
Nadine Thomas, Ruth Emond
Dining out is most often associated with pleasure and gratification, principally since it presents opportunities for sociability. However, access to dining out experiences is influenced by multiple factors, including age. Little is known about the dining out habits of older people. In particular, the food practices of those living alone in the community is under-researched compared to those in hospital or residential care. This study explores the perceptions and preferences of ten older people towards domestic and communal meals in South East Scotland...
March 6, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276933/safer-sex-in-later-life-qualitative-interviews-with-older-australians-on-their-understandings-and-practices-of-safer-sex
#18
Bianca Fileborn, Graham Brown, Anthony Lyons, Sharron Hinchliff, Wendy Heywood, Victor Minichiello, Sue Malta, Catherine Barrett, Pauline Crameri
Rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are increasing in older cohorts in Western countries such as Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States, suggesting a need to examine the safer sex knowledge and practices of older people. This article presents findings from 53 qualitative interviews from the study Sex, Age, and Me: A National Study of Sex and Relationships Among Australians Aged 60+. Participants were recruited through an online national survey. We consider how participants understood "safer sex," the importance of safer sex to them, the safer sex practices they used (and the contexts in which they used them), and the barriers to using safer sex...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273261/-food-and-health-risks-views-on-healthy-food-and-food-consumption-practices-among-middle-class-women-and-men-in-the-metropolitan-area-of-buenos-aires
#19
Betina Freidin
In this article we analyze notions about healthy food and the perceptions of risks related to industrialized foodstuffs within a group of young and middle-aged females and males who belong to the middle class and live in the Metropolitan Area of Buenos Aires. Data come from eight focus groups that were carried out in 2013. The study shows that the participants of the focus group have incorporated scientific-nutritional knowledge into their conceptions of healthy food. However, few discuss the risks of industrialized food beyond the growing public attention regarding trans fats and salt content...
October 2016: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273126/struggling-toward-reward-recent-experience-of-anhedonia-interacts-with-motivation-to-predict-reward-pursuit-in-the-face-of-a-stressful-manipulation
#20
Jessica Bryant, E Samuel Winer, Taban Salem, Michael R Nadorff
Anhedonia, or the loss of interest and/or pleasure, is a core symptom of depression. Individuals experiencing anhedonia have difficulty motivating themselves to pursue rewarding stimuli, which can result in dysfunction. Action orientation is a motivational factor that might interact with anhedonia to potentially buffer against this dysfunction, as action-oriented individuals upregulate positive affect to quickly motivate themselves to complete goals in the face of stress. The Effort-Expenditure for Rewards Task (EEfRT) is a promising new method for examining differences in motivation in individuals experiencing anhedonia...
2017: PloS One
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