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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775872/adolescents-motives-for-selling-sex-in-a-welfare-state-a-swedish-national-study
#1
Cecilia Fredlund, Örjan Dahlström, Carl Göran Svedin, Marie Wadsby, Linda S Jonsson, Gisela Priebe
In addition to money or other compensation, other motives for selling sex may be important in a welfare country such as Sweden. The aim of this study was to carry out an exploratory investigation of adolescents' motives for selling sex in a population-based survey in Sweden. A total of 5839 adolescents from the third year of Swedish high school, mean age 18.0 years, participated in the study. The response rate was 59.7% and 51 students (0.9%) reported having sold sex. Exploratory factor analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis were used to identify groups of adolescents according to underlying motives for selling sex...
May 15, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771544/the-effects-of-alcohol-on-positive-emotion-during-a-comedy-routine-a-facial-coding-analysis
#2
Michael A Sayette, Kasey G Creswell, Catharine E Fairbairn, John D Dimoff, Katlin Bentley, Talya Lazerus
There is considerable interest in understanding the emotional effects of alcohol. While a great deal of experimental research has focused on alcohol's ability to relieve negative emotions, there has been far less focus on the effects of alcohol on positive emotions. Further, the available research on positive emotion tends to test alcohol while participants are alone. Yet alcohol is often consumed in social settings, and enhancing social pleasure is consistently identified as being a primary motive for drinking...
May 17, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770448/eating-practices-among-low-income-overweight-obese-brazilian-mothers-a-bourdieusian-approach
#3
Priscila de Morais Sato, Mariana Dimitrov Ulian, Ramiro Fernandez Unsain, Fernanda Baeza Scagliusi
We investigated the eating practices of socially vulnerable overweight and obese Brazilian mothers, exploring the relationships between eating practices, capitals, fields and excess-weight. We conducted a qualitative study involving in-depth interviews of 21 women living in three vulnerable urban regions. Content analyses were performed and codes were used to locate actors in relation to each other in terms of 'capitals' and 'fields', forming a typology based on Bourdieu's theory with five groups. Socioeconomic conditions during childhood and liking to cook were the main characteristics related to each group's distinct eating practices...
May 16, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768994/anhedonia-and-the-relationship-between-other-depressive-symptoms-and-aggressive-behavior
#4
Taban Salem, E Samuel Winer, D Gage Jordan, Michael R Nadorff, Jennifer R Fanning, Jessica Bryant, Mitchell E Berman, Jennifer C Veilleux
Depression has been linked to multiple forms of aggressive behavior in college students; however, it is unclear which aspects of depression explain this connection. Anhedonia, defined as the loss of interest and/or pleasure in previously enjoyed activities, may provide unique information about relationships between depression and aggression. Using cross-sectional data from two independent samples of college students ( N = 747 and N = 736 for Study 1 and Study 2, respectively), we examined whether anhedonia helped explain the relationship between broader depressive symptoms and different forms of aggressive and antisocial behavior...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760180/the-affective-and-neural-correlates-of-heroin-vs-cocaine-use-in-addiction-are-influenced-by-environmental-setting-but-in-opposite-directions
#5
Silvana De Pirro, Gaspare Galati, Luigi Pizzamiglio, Aldo Badiani
Previous studies have shown that individuals with heroin and cocaine addiction prefer to use these drugs in distinct settings: mostly at home in the case of heroin and mostly outside the home in the case of cocaine. Here we investigated whether the context would modulate the affective and neural responses to these drugs in a similar way. First, we used a novel emotional task to assess the affective state produced by heroin or cocaine in different settings, based on the recollections of male and female drug users...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749280/beyond-china-s-drug-century-yunnan-s-first-therapeutic-community-and-narratives-of-drug-treatment-and-mental-health-care
#6
Sandra Teresa Hyde
China is experiencing rapid cultural change and new forms of sociability that are accompanied by social problems and novel humanitarian interventions that have been formulated to address those problems. The pressure related to the rapid transformation of the countryside into mid-level cities has led to recreational drug-use as a means of escape. These illegal drugs have greased the wheels of what I call an affective biopolitics that has influenced Chinese citizens. Carlos Rojas argues that development in China results from the effects of discrete protocols, or practices that stem from tensions between capital and labor, governmentality and biopolitics, and nationalism and globalization...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743874/measuring-values-in-environmental-research-a-test-of-an-environmental-portrait-value-questionnaire
#7
Thijs Bouman, Linda Steg, Henk A L Kiers
Four human values are considered to underlie individuals' environmental beliefs and behaviors: biospheric (i.e., concern for environment), altruistic (i.e., concern for others), egoistic (i.e., concern for personal resources) and hedonic values (i.e., concern for pleasure and comfort). These values are typically measured with an adapted and shortened version of the Schwartz Value Survey (SVS), to which we refer as the Environmental-SVS (E-SVS). Despite being well-validated, recent research has indicated some concerns about the SVS methodology (e...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742908/influence-of-an-equine-assisted-activities-program-on-dementia-specific-quality-of-life
#8
Beth Fields, Jason Bruemmer, Gene Gloeckner, Wendy Wood
Institutional facilities face challenges providing experiences to residents with dementia that promote participation in meaningful activities. Guided by the Lived Environment Life Quality Model, this study investigated associations between 9 different activity situations-one an equine-assisted activities program (EAAP)-and positive, negative, and neutral behavioral indicators of quality of life (QoL) in 6 residents with dementia who expressed an interest in horses. Direct observational data were collected for 4 hours twice weekly over 8 weeks...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742008/sex-body-image-and-relationships-a-brightlight-workshop-on-information-and-support-needs-of-adolescents-and-young-adults
#9
Ana Martins, Rachel M Taylor, Brian Lobel, Beth McCann, Louise Soanes, Jeremy S Whelan, Lorna A Fern
PURPOSE: Discovering sexuality and romantic relationships are important development milestones in adolescence and young adulthood. A cancer diagnosis imposes obstacles for young people such as changes in their sexual function due to the disease and/or side effects of treatment, body image concerns, and interpersonal relationship difficulties. This can cause psychological distress and can impact on quality of life. We aimed to explore sexual health information and support needs of adolescents and young adults with cancer...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739868/the-dorsal-wave-of-neocortical-oligodendrogenesis-begins-embryonically-and-requires-multiple-sources-of-sonic-hedgehog
#10
Caitlin C Winkler, Odessa R Yabut, Santiago P Fregoso, Hector G Gomez, Brett E Dwyer, Samuel J Pleasure, Santos J Franco
Neural progenitor cells in the developing dorsal forebrain give rise to excitatory neurons, astrocytes and oligodendrocytes for the neocortex. Compared to neurons and astrocytes, less is known about the molecular mechanisms that instruct dorsal forebrain progenitors to an oligodendrocyte fate. In this study, we show that Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling is required in dorsal progenitors for their late embryonic transition to oligodendrogenesis. Using genetic lineage-tracing in mice of both sexes, we demonstrate that the majority of oligodendrocytes in the embryonic neocortex derive from Emx1+ dorsal forebrain progenitors...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735197/effect-of-parkinson-disease-on-emotion-perception-using-the-persian-affective-voices-test
#11
Arezoo Saffarian, Yunes Amiri Shavaki, Gholam Ali Shahidi, Zahra Jafari
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Emotion perception plays a major role in proper communication with people in different social interactions. Nonverbal affect bursts can be used to evaluate vocal emotion perception. The present study was a preliminary step to establishing the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the Montreal Affective Voices (MAV) test, as well as to investigate the effect of Parkinson disease (PD) on vocal emotion perception. METHODS: The short, emotional sound made by pronouncing the vowel "a" in Persian was recorded by 22 actors and actresses to develop the Persian version of the MAV, the Persian Affective Voices (PAV), for emotions of happiness, sadness, pleasure, pain, anger, disgust, fear, surprise, and neutrality...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734048/the-role-of-alcohol-in-constructing-gender-class-identities-among-young-women-in-the-age-of-social-media
#12
Jemma Lennox, Carol Emslie, Helen Sweeting, Antonia Lyons
Research suggests young women view drinking as a pleasurable aspect of their social lives but that they face challenges in engaging in a traditionally 'masculine' behaviour whilst maintaining a desirable 'femininity'. Social network sites such as Facebook make socialising visible to a wide audience. This paper explores how young people discuss young women's drinking practices, and how young women construct their identities through alcohol consumption and its display on social media. We conducted 21 friendship-based focus groups (both mixed and single sex) with young adults aged 18-29 years and 13 individual interviews with a subset of focus group respondents centred on their Facebook practices...
May 4, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731727/response-commentary-aesthetic-pleasure-versus-aesthetic-interest-the-two-routes-to-aesthetic-liking
#13
COMMENT
Laura K M Graf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731696/negative-but-not-positive-parenting-interacts-with-infant-negative-affect-to-predict-infant-approach-evidence-of-diathesis-stress
#14
Jacob B Holzman, Nicole M Burt, Erin S Edwards, Leanna D Rosinski, David J Bridgett
Temperament by parenting interactions may reflect that individuals with greater risk are more likely to experience negative outcomes in adverse contexts (diathesis-stress) or that these individuals are more susceptible to contextual influences in a 'for better or for worse' pattern (differential susceptibility). Although such interactions have been identified for a variety of child outcomes, prior research has not examined approach characteristics - excitement and approach toward pleasurable activities - in the first year of life...
May 2018: Infancy: the Official Journal of the International Society on Infant Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731318/longitudinal-associations-between-anhedonia-and-body-mass-index-trajectory-groups-among-adolescents
#15
Junhan Cho, Nicholas I Goldenson, Mollie S Pester, Rubin Khoddam, Mariel S Bello, Genevieve F Dunton, Britni R Belcher, Adam M Leventhal
PURPOSE: Although evidence suggests that anhedonia-a reduced ability to experience pleasure in response to rewarding stimuli-may predict weight gain during adolescence, it remains unclear whether changes in anhedonia during adolescence are associated with changes in body mass index (BMI). This study examines longitudinal associations between changes in anhedonia and developmental trajectories of BMI during adolescence. METHODS: Self-report measures of anhedonia and BMI were collected at five semiannual assessments among students from 10 high schools in Los Angeles, CA, area (N = 3,396) followed up from the 9th grade to the 11th grade...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724778/pain-as-performance-re-virginisation-in-turkey
#16
Hande Güzel
The literature on pain has so far been primarily interested in chronic pain, medically induced pain and pain as an unwanted experience. However, pain is a more complicated experience and the lines between pain and pleasure are blurred in different contexts. In this paper, these lines are explored within the context of re-virginisation in Turkey by taking to its centre the meanings attached to pain through women's online and offline narratives. Re-virginisation refers to the process women undergo in order to reclaim their virginity due to the expectation that women should be virgins at the time of marriage and to the persistence of the myth that virginity can and should be proved via bleeding during or right after sexual intercourse...
May 3, 2018: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724678/can-interleukin-2-and-interleukin-1%C3%AE-be-specific-biomarkers-of-negative-symptoms-in-schizophrenia
#17
Leticia González-Blanco, María P García-Portilla, Leticia García-Álvarez, Lorena de la Fuente-Tomás, Celso Iglesias García, Pilar A Sáiz, Susana Rodríguez-González, Ana Coto-Montes, Julio Bobes
INTRODUCTION: Evidence suggests the existence of cytokine disturbances in patients with schizophrenia but their association with psychopathology is still unclear. The aim of the current study was to determine if pro-inflammatory cytokine levels (tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-2, IL-1β, IL-1RA) are increased in stable outpatients compared with healthy subjects, and to analyze if they could be specific biomarkers of clinical dimensions in schizophrenia. METHODS: We studied 73 stable outpatients with schizophrenia in their first 10 years of illness and 73 age- and sex-matched healthy controls...
April 30, 2018: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723763/behavioral-activation-therapy-during-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-major-depressive-disorder
#18
Grace B Russo, Eric Tirrell, Andrew Busch, Linda L Carpenter
BACKGROUND: Behavioral Activation (BA) Therapy and Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) have each been shown to be effective in the treatment of adult outpatients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Combining both treatments may produce synergistic antidepressant outcomes. METHODS: We developed a new protocol for incorporating a simplified version of BA during a standard 6-week course of TMS and it was pilot tested in 11 consecutively treated outpatients with treatment resistant depression (TRD)...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721723/olfactory-function-relates-to-sexual-experience-in-adults
#19
Johanna Bendas, Thomas Hummel, Ilona Croy
The olfactory system contributes significantly to human social behavior and especially to mate choice and empathic functioning. In this context, previous research examining individuals with impaired olfactory function indicated an influence of the sense of smell on different aspects of sexuality. However, the applied samples, methods, and results are diverse and an involvement of confounding factors, such as breathing problems, depression or social insecurity cannot be ruled out. The present study examined the potential correlation between odor threshold in healthy participants and their sexual desire, sexual experience, and sexual performance...
May 2, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720775/the-implicit-power-motive-predicts-decisions-in-line-with-perceived-instrumentality
#20
Peter Frank Stoeckart, Madelijn Strick, Erik Bijleveld, Henk Aarts
Past research suggests that the implicit power motive (i.e., an unconsciously held motivational disposition to derive pleasure from having impact on others) predicts a preference to interact with individuals having submissive-looking faces. The present research extends this finding by testing whether the relation between the implicit power motive and approaching submissiveness depends on instrumentality. In two experiments, participants were assigned to a group that would ostensibly compete with another group...
2018: Motivation and Emotion
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