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Crohn disease diet

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175151/p538-can-enteral-polymeric-diet-change-the-post-surgical-outcome-in-crohn-s-disease-patients-a%C3%A2-pilot-study
#1
L Ceccarelli, M Franceschi, L Bertani, C Nieri, N de Bortoli, G Mumolo, G Laino, E Albano, G Tapete, S Marchi, P Buccianti, F Costa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174932/dop007-crohn-s-disease-exclusion-diet-and-partial-enteral-nutrition-cded-pen-vs-exclusive-enteral-nutrition-een-microbiome-changes-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial-rct-in-pediatric-cd-remission-is-associated-with-similar-structural-functional-profiles
#2
K A Dunn, R Sigall-Boneh, J P Bielawski, D Turner, J Van Limbergen, A Levine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173025/p484-dietary-therapy-using-the-crohn-s-disease-exclusion-diet-is-a-successful-strategy-for-induction-of-remission-in-children-and-adults-failing-biological-therapy
#3
R Sigall Boneh, C Sarbagili Shabat, M Boaz, A Levine, I Chermesh, S Ben Avraham, N Cohen Dolev
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170448/genome-wide-analysis-identifies-colonic-genes-differentially-associated-with-serum-leptin-and-insulin-concentrations-in-c57bl-6j-mice-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#4
Sung-Eun Kim, Jinsil Choo, Joon Yoon, Jae Ryang Chu, Yun Jung Bae, Seungyeoun Lee, Taesung Park, Mi-Kyung Sung
Obesity-induced chronic inflammation is known to increase the risk of ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, and colorectal cancer. Accumulating evidence suggests that leptin and insulin are key molecules linking obesity with diseases of the lower intestine. Here, we identified serum phenotype-associated genes in the colon of diet-induced obese mice as early biomarkers of obesity-associated colonic diseases. C57BL/6J mice were fed with either normal diet (ND, 15% of fat calories) or high-fat diet (HFD, 45% of fat calories) for 8 weeks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139496/therapeutic-efficacy-of-an-elemental-diet-for-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-and-its-association-with-amino-acid-metabolism
#5
Masakazu Nakano, Keiichi Tominaga, Atsushi Hoshino, Takeshi Sugaya, Kazunari Kanke, Hideyuki Hiraishi
BACKGROUND/AIM: We investigated the association between blood amino acid concentration changes caused by elemental diet (ED) and their relationship to its therapeutic effect. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with active Crohn's disease (CD) followed ED for 12 weeks. Patients not previously treated with ED were defined as new ED, and those with previous ED therapy (≥900 kcal/day) were defined as previous ED. Disease activity markers [Crohn's disease activity index (CDAI) and C-reactive protein (CRP) level], blood biochemistry test results, and plasma amino acid concentrations were measured before and after the treatment...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131521/espen-guideline-clinical-nutrition-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#6
Alastair Forbes, Johanna Escher, Xavier Hébuterne, Stanisław Kłęk, Zeljko Krznaric, Stéphane Schneider, Raanan Shamir, Kalina Stardelova, Nicolette Wierdsma, Anthony E Wiskin, Stephan C Bischoff
INTRODUCTION: The ESPEN guideline presents a multidisciplinary focus on clinical nutrition in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODOLOGY: The guideline is based on extensive systematic review of the literature, but relies on expert opinion when objective data were lacking or inconclusive. The conclusions and 64 recommendations have been subject to full peer review and a Delphi process in which uniformly positive responses (agree or strongly agree) were required...
December 31, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117803/analyzing-beneficial-effects-of-nutritional-supplements-on-intestinal-epithelial-barrier-functions-during-experimental-colitis
#7
Hilda Vargas Robles, Karla Fabiola Castro Ochoa, Porfirio Nava, Angélica Silva Olivares, Mineko Shibayama, Michael Schnoor
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, are chronic relapsing disorders of the intestines. They cause severe problems, such as abdominal cramping, bloody diarrhea, and weight loss, in affected individuals. Unfortunately, there is no cure yet, and treatments only aim to alleviate symptoms. Current treatments include anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive drugs that may cause severe side effects. This warrants the search for alternative treatment options, such as nutritional supplements, that do not cause side effects...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103809/dietary-treatment-of-crohn-s-disease-perceptions-of-families-with-children-treated-by-exclusive-enteral-nutrition-a-questionnaire-survey
#8
Vaios Svolos, Konstantinos Gerasimidis, Elaine Buchanan, Lee Curtis, Vikki Garrick, Jacqueline Hay, Susan Laird, Joanna Munro, Daniel R Gaya, Richard K Russell, Richard Hansen
BACKGROUND: Diet is strongly associated with the aetiology of Crohn's Disease (CD) and exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) is the primary induction treatment in paediatric CD. This study explored opinions around the use of EEN and alternative novel, solid food-based diets (SFDs) expressed by paediatric patients with CD, previously treated with EEN and their parents. METHODS: This anonymous questionnaire surveyed families of CD patients treated with EEN over 1 year...
January 19, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092152/issues-in-nutrition-dietary-considerations-in-select-chronic-conditions
#9
Margaret E Thompson, Mary Barth Noel
Chronic diseases that affect the gastrointestinal tract also tend to affect nutrition. The incidence of chronic liver disease is increasing. As the prevalence of obesity rises, so do the incidences of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Patients with chronic liver disease usually have some degree of malnutrition. In the absence of encephalopathy, patients with chronic liver disease should consume more protein than that in the average diet. There is some controversy about whether diet plays a role in the development of inflammatory bowel disease...
January 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065527/iron-deficiency-anemia-despite-effective-gluten-free-diet-in-celiac-disease-diagnostic-role-of-small-bowel-capsule-endoscopy
#10
Konstantinos Efthymakis, Angelo Milano, Francesco Laterza, Mariaelena Serio, Matteo Neri
BACKGROUND & AIM: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is associated with celiac disease (CD). Although gluten-free diet (GFD) is an efficient treatment for CD, IDA remains an occasional finding during follow-up and correlates to inadequate gluten exclusion. Little is known regarding persistent IDA despite effective GFD. We aimed to evaluate the role of small bowel capsule endoscopy (SBCE) in this setting. METHODS: We prospectively included consecutive patients undergoing GFD for ≥24 months with persistent concomitant IDA...
December 21, 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051174/characterization-of-globulin-storage-proteins-of-a-low-prolamin-cereal-species-in-relation-to-celiac-disease
#11
Gyöngyvér Gell, Krisztina Kovács, Gábor Veres, Ilma R Korponay-Szabó, Angéla Juhász
Brachypodium distachyon, a small annual grass with seed storage globulins as primary protein reserves was used in our study to analyse the toxic nature of non-prolamin seed storage proteins related to celiac disease. The main storage proteins of B. distachyon are the 7S globulin type proteins and the 11S, 12S seed storage globulins similar to oat and rice. Immunoblot analyses using serum samples from celiac disease patients were carried out followed by the identification of immune-responsive proteins using mass spectrometry...
January 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030510/clinical-and-fecal-microbial-changes-with-diet-therapy-in-active-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#12
David L Suskind, Stanley A Cohen, Mitchell J Brittnacher, Ghassan Wahbeh, Dale Lee, Michele L Shaffer, Kimberly Braly, Hillary S Hayden, Jani Klein, Benjamin Gold, Matthew Giefer, Angela Stallworth, Samuel I Miller
GOAL: To determine the effect of the specific carbohydrate diet (SCD) on active inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). BACKGROUND: IBD is a chronic idiopathic inflammatory intestinal disorder associated with fecal dysbiosis. Diet is a potential therapeutic option for IBD based on the hypothesis that changing the fecal dysbiosis could decrease intestinal inflammation. STUDY: Pediatric patients with mild to moderate IBD defined by pediatric Crohn's disease activity index (PCDAI 10-45) or pediatric ulcerative colitis activity index (PUCAI 10-65) were enrolled into a prospective study of the SCD...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003811/identification-and-characterization-of-a-novel-association-between-dietary-potassium-and-risk-of-crohn-s-disease-and-ulcerative-colitis
#13
Hamed Khalili, Sakshi Malik, Ashwin N Ananthakrishnan, John J Garber, Leslie M Higuchi, Amit Joshi, Joanna Peloquin, James M Richter, Kathleen O Stewart, Gary C Curhan, Amit Awasthi, Vijay Yajnik, Andrew T Chan
BACKGROUND: Recent animal studies have identified that dietary salt intake may modify the risk and progression of autoimmune disorders through modulation of the IL-23/TH17 pathway, which is critical in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of U.S. women enrolled in the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and NHSII who provided detailed and validated information on diet and lifestyle beginning in 1984 in NHS and 1991 in NHSII...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000477/probiotic-effectiveness-nutrition-in-cancer-treatment-and-prevention
#14
Débora Mara Kich, Angélica Vincenzi, Fernanda Majolo, Claucia Fernanda Volken de Souza, Márcia Inês Goettert
Among the neoplasias, colorectal cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer death in men and women. The increasing incidence of this type of cancer is due to the increase in the population's life expectancy, by the increase in chronic inflammatory bowel diseases, primarily ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, and the change in eating habits. The American Cancer Society (2011) shows that diet might be responsible for approximately 30% of cancer cases in developed countries, moreover when considering only colorectal cancer, the number can reach 30% to 50%...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959280/geographic-associations-between-lactase-phenotype-multiple-sclerosis-and-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-does-obesity-trump-geography
#15
Andew Szilagyi, Xiaoqing Xue
Geographic patterns with diminishing rates from north to south toward the equator have been described for a number of diseases, putatively related largely to "western" lifestyle. Among these the inflammatory bowel diseases; Crohn's (CD) and Ulcerative colitis (UC) have been prominent in sharing distributions with a number of autoimmune diseases. One of the interesting associations is the epidemiologic similarity with multiple sclerosis (MS). However, in addition, at least some of these diseases also correlated inversely with lactase non persistent population (LNP) distributions...
November 2016: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940405/dietary-and-enteral-interventions-for-crohn-s-disease
#16
REVIEW
Takayuki Yamamoto, Takahiro Shimoyama, Moeko Kuriyama
It is now widely acknowledged that the intestinal bacterial flora together with genetic predisposing factors significantly contribute to the immunopathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) as reflected by mucosal immune dysregulation. Recently, there has been an increased interest in nutraceutical therapies, including probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics. Other dietary interventions with low carbohydrate diet, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and glutamine have been attempted to downregulate the gut inflammatory response and thereby alleviate gastrointestinal symptoms...
December 8, 2016: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895976/microscopic-colitis-in-patients-with-mild-duodenal-damage-a-new-clinical-and-pathological-entity-lymphocytic-enterocolitis
#17
Gabriele Antonio Bonagura, Davide Giuseppe Ribaldone, Sharmila Fagoonee, Nicoletta Sapone, Gian Paolo Caviglia, Giorgio Maria Saracco, Marco Astegiano, Rinaldo Pellicano
AIM: To evaluate the potential association between mild duodenal damage and microscopic colitis (MC). METHODS: We retrospectively included 105 consecutive patients with type I Marsh-Oberhuber duodenal damage and negativity for immunoglobulin A anti-endomysium and anti-tissue transglutaminase. The following parameters were analyzed: Sex, age at execution of esophagogastroduodenoscopy, duodenal damage, and number of intraepithelial lymphocytes at biopsies, prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection, age at execution of colonoscopy, macroscopic and microscopic features of colonoscopy, family history of gastrointestinal and autoimmune diseases, smoking habits, biochemical parameters of inflammation and autoimmunity, use of proton pump inhibitors or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, adverse reactions to drugs or foods, pathologies known to be associated with celiac disease or MC, living on a gluten-free diet or on a gluten-low diet for at least 1 mo...
November 15, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812084/nutrition-oxidative-stress-and-intestinal-dysbiosis-influence-of-diet-on-gut-microbiota-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#18
Giovanni Tomasello, Margherita Mazzola, Angelo Leone, Emanuele Sinagra, Giovanni Zummo, Felicia Farina, Provvidenza Damiani, Francesco Cappello, Alice Gerges Geagea, Abdo Jurjus, Tarek Bou Assi, Massimiliano Messina, Francesco Carini
BACKGROUND: Microbiota refers to the population of microorganisms (bacteria, viruses and fungi) that inhabit the entire gastrointestinal tract, more particularly the colon whose role is to maintain the integrity of the intestinal mucosa and control the proliferation of pathogenic bacteria. Alteration in the composition of the gut microbiota is called dysbiosis. Dysbiosis redisposes to inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis, Crohn disease and indeterminate colitis. METHODS: The purpose of this literature review is to elucidate the influence of diet on the composition of the gastrointestinal microbiota in the healthy gut and the role of diet in the development of dysbiosis...
December 2016: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805918/early-changes-in-microbial-community-structure-are-associated-with-sustained-remission-after-nutritional-treatment-of-pediatric-crohn-s-disease
#19
Katherine A Dunn, Jessica Moore-Connors, Brad MacIntyre, Andrew W Stadnyk, Nikhil A Thomas, Angela Noble, Gamal Mahdi, Mohsin Rashid, Anthony R Otley, Joseph P Bielawski, Johan Van Limbergen
BACKGROUND: Clinical remission achieved by exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) is associated with marked microbiome changes. In this prospective study of exclusive enteral nutrition, we employ a hierarchical model of microbial community structure to distinguish between pediatric Crohn's disease patients who achieved sustained remission (SR) and those who relapsed early (non-SR), after restarting a normal diet. METHODS: Fecal samples were obtained from 10 patients (age 10-16) and from 5 healthy controls (age 9-14)...
December 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793606/diet-as-a-trigger-or-therapy-for-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#20
James D Lewis, Maria T Abreu
The most common question asked by patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is, "Doctor, what should I eat?" Findings from epidemiology studies have indicated that diets high in animal fat and low in fruits and vegetables are the most common pattern associated with an increased risk of IBD. Low levels of vitamin D also appear to be a risk factor for IBD. In murine models, diets high in fat, especially saturated animal fats, also increase inflammation, whereas supplementation with omega 3 long-chain fatty acids protect against intestinal inflammation...
February 2017: Gastroenterology
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