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Crohn disease diet

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293241/a-potential-role-of-salmonella-infection-in-the-onset-of-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#1
REVIEW
Bárbara M Schultz, Carolina A Paduro, Geraldyne A Salazar, Francisco J Salazar-Echegarai, Valentina P Sebastián, Claudia A Riedel, Alexis M Kalergis, Manuel Alvarez-Lobos, Susan M Bueno
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) includes a set of pathologies that result from a deregulated immune response that may affect any portion of the gastrointestinal tract. The most prevalent and defined forms of IBD are Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Although the etiology of IBD is not well defined, it has been suggested that environmental and genetic factors contribute to disease development and that the interaction between these two factors can trigger the pathology. Diet, medication use, vitamin D status, smoking, and bacterial infections have been proposed to influence or contribute to the onset or development of the disease in susceptible individuals...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271435/adalimumab-therapy-in-a-patient-with-crohn-s-disease-with-a-giant-pelvic-paraganglioma-after-chemotherapy
#2
Tsutomu Mizoshita, Masashi Ando, Hiroyuki Sagawa, Yoshinori Mori, Takahito Katano, Keiji Ozeki, Satoshi Tanida, Yasuyuki Okamoto, Takaya Shimura, Eiji Kubota, Hiromi Kataoka, Takeshi Kamiya, Takashi Joh
A 23-year-old man was diagnosed with a giant pelvic paraganglioma in September 2013, and a 6-month chemotherapy course was performed. The chemotherapy resulted in stable disease of the tumor for about 1 year. However, in April 2015, the patient complained of fever and diarrhea of more than ten times a day. Endoscopy showed serpiginous (snake-like) ulcers in the cecum, ascending, descending, and sigmoid colons, with granulomas without caseation histologically. The patient was diagnosed with the active stage of Crohn's disease (CD) in June 2015...
March 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244679/use-of-the-low-fodmap-diet-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#3
REVIEW
Peter R Gibson
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)-like symptoms are not uncommon in patients with quiescent inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). While gluten-free diet is applied by patients, there are no reported interventional studies. The low-FODMAP diet, on the other hand, has efficacy similar to that seen in patients with IBS in three unblinded or observational studies of IBD cohorts who had well-controlled inflammatory disease and in one small randomized cross-over study. FODMAP intake by patients with IBD is not elevated, and, in one study, fructan intakes were lower in patients with Crohn's disease than in controls...
March 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244671/prebiotic-inulin-type-fructans-and-galacto-oligosaccharides-definition-specificity-function-and-application-in-gastrointestinal-disorders
#4
REVIEW
Bridgette Wilson, Kevin Whelan
Prebiotics are non-digestible selectively fermented dietary fibers that specifically promote the growth of one or more bacterial genera in the gastrointestinal tract and thus provide health benefit to the host. The two most investigated prebiotics being the inulin-type fructans and galacto-oligosaccharides. Prebiotic specificity is mediated through species-specific gene clusters within saccharolytic bacteria controlled by signaling sensors for various substrates. Prebiotic health benefits are attributed to immune regulation and bacterial metabolite production...
March 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244662/gluten-induced-cognitive-impairment-brain-fog-in-coeliac-disease
#5
REVIEW
Gregory W Yelland
Much is known about the serious neurological effects of gluten ingestion in coeliac disease patients, such as sporadic ataxia and peripheral neuropathy, although the causal links to gluten are still under debate. However, such disorders are observed in only a small percentage of coeliac patients. Much less is known about the transient cognitive impairments to memory, attention, executive function, and the speed of cognitive processing reported by the majority of patients with coeliac disease. These mild degradations of cognitive functions, referred to as "brain fog," are yet to be formally recognized as a medical or psychological condition...
March 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216978/role-of-capsule-endoscopy-in-suspected-celiac-disease-a-european-multi-centre-study
#6
Marisol Luján-Sanchis, Enrique Pérez-Cuadrado-Robles, Javier García-Lledó, José-Francisco Juanmartiñena Fernández, Luca Elli, Victoria-Alejandra Jiménez-García, Juan Egea-Valenzuela, Julio Valle-Muñoz, Cristina Carretero-Ribón, Ignacio Fernández-Urién-Sainz, Antonio López-Higueras, Noelia Alonso-Lázaro, Mileidis Sanjuan-Acosta, Francisco Sánchez-Ceballos, Bruno Rosa, Santiago González-Vázquez, Federica Branchi, Lucía Ruano-Díaz, César Prieto-de-Frías, Vicente Pons-Beltrán, Pilar Borque-Barrera, Begoña González-Suárez, Sofía Xavier, Federico Argüelles-Arias, Juan-Manuel Herrerías-Gutiérrez, Enrique Pérez-Cuadrado-Martínez, Javier Sempere-García-Argüelles
AIM: To analyze the diagnostic yield (DY), therapeutic impact (TI) and safety of capsule endoscopy (CE). METHODS: This is a multi-centre, observational, analytical, retrospective study. A total of 163 patients with suspicion of celiac disease (CD) (mean age = 46.4 ± 17.3 years, 68.1% women) who underwent CE from 2003 to 2015 were included. Patients were divided into four groups: seronegative CD with atrophy (Group-I, n = 19), seropositive CD without atrophy (Group-II, n = 39), contraindication to gastroscopy (Group-III, n = 6), seronegative CD without atrophy, but with a compatible context (Group-IV, n = 99)...
January 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175151/p538-can-enteral-polymeric-diet-change-the-post-surgical-outcome-in-crohn-s-disease-patients-a%C3%A2-pilot-study
#7
L Ceccarelli, M Franceschi, L Bertani, C Nieri, N de Bortoli, G Mumolo, G Laino, E Albano, G Tapete, S Marchi, P Buccianti, F Costa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174932/dop007-crohn-s-disease-exclusion-diet-and-partial-enteral-nutrition-cded-pen-vs-exclusive-enteral-nutrition-een-microbiome-changes-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial-rct-in-pediatric-cd-remission-is-associated-with-similar-structural-functional-profiles
#8
K A Dunn, R Sigall-Boneh, J P Bielawski, D Turner, J Van Limbergen, A Levine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173025/p484-dietary-therapy-using-the-crohn-s-disease-exclusion-diet-is-a-successful-strategy-for-induction-of-remission-in-children-and-adults-failing-biological-therapy
#9
R Sigall Boneh, C Sarbagili Shabat, M Boaz, A Levine, I Chermesh, S Ben Avraham, N Cohen Dolev
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170448/genome-wide-analysis-identifies-colonic-genes-differentially-associated-with-serum-leptin-and-insulin-concentrations-in-c57bl-6j-mice-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#10
Sung-Eun Kim, Jinsil Choo, Joon Yoon, Jae Ryang Chu, Yun Jung Bae, Seungyeoun Lee, Taesung Park, Mi-Kyung Sung
Obesity-induced chronic inflammation is known to increase the risk of ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, and colorectal cancer. Accumulating evidence suggests that leptin and insulin are key molecules linking obesity with diseases of the lower intestine. Here, we identified serum phenotype-associated genes in the colon of diet-induced obese mice as early biomarkers of obesity-associated colonic diseases. C57BL/6J mice were fed with either normal diet (ND, 15% of fat calories) or high-fat diet (HFD, 45% of fat calories) for 8 weeks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139496/therapeutic-efficacy-of-an-elemental-diet-for-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-and-its-association-with-amino-acid-metabolism
#11
Masakazu Nakano, Keiichi Tominaga, Atsushi Hoshino, Takeshi Sugaya, Kazunari Kanke, Hideyuki Hiraishi
BACKGROUND/AIM: We investigated the association between blood amino acid concentration changes caused by elemental diet (ED) and their relationship to its therapeutic effect. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with active Crohn's disease (CD) followed ED for 12 weeks. Patients not previously treated with ED were defined as new ED, and those with previous ED therapy (≥900 kcal/day) were defined as previous ED. Disease activity markers [Crohn's disease activity index (CDAI) and C-reactive protein (CRP) level], blood biochemistry test results, and plasma amino acid concentrations were measured before and after the treatment...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131521/espen-guideline-clinical-nutrition-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#12
Alastair Forbes, Johanna Escher, Xavier Hébuterne, Stanisław Kłęk, Zeljko Krznaric, Stéphane Schneider, Raanan Shamir, Kalina Stardelova, Nicolette Wierdsma, Anthony E Wiskin, Stephan C Bischoff
INTRODUCTION: The ESPEN guideline presents a multidisciplinary focus on clinical nutrition in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODOLOGY: The guideline is based on extensive systematic review of the literature, but relies on expert opinion when objective data were lacking or inconclusive. The conclusions and 64 recommendations have been subject to full peer review and a Delphi process in which uniformly positive responses (agree or strongly agree) were required...
December 31, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117803/analyzing-beneficial-effects-of-nutritional-supplements-on-intestinal-epithelial-barrier-functions-during-experimental-colitis
#13
Hilda Vargas Robles, Karla Fabiola Castro Ochoa, Porfirio Nava, Angélica Silva Olivares, Mineko Shibayama, Michael Schnoor
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, are chronic relapsing disorders of the intestines. They cause severe problems, such as abdominal cramping, bloody diarrhea, and weight loss, in affected individuals. Unfortunately, there is no cure yet, and treatments only aim to alleviate symptoms. Current treatments include anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive drugs that may cause severe side effects. This warrants the search for alternative treatment options, such as nutritional supplements, that do not cause side effects...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103809/dietary-treatment-of-crohn-s-disease-perceptions-of-families-with-children-treated-by-exclusive-enteral-nutrition-a-questionnaire-survey
#14
Vaios Svolos, Konstantinos Gerasimidis, Elaine Buchanan, Lee Curtis, Vikki Garrick, Jacqueline Hay, Susan Laird, Joanna Munro, Daniel R Gaya, Richard K Russell, Richard Hansen
BACKGROUND: Diet is strongly associated with the aetiology of Crohn's Disease (CD) and exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) is the primary induction treatment in paediatric CD. This study explored opinions around the use of EEN and alternative novel, solid food-based diets (SFDs) expressed by paediatric patients with CD, previously treated with EEN and their parents. METHODS: This anonymous questionnaire surveyed families of CD patients treated with EEN over 1 year...
January 19, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092152/issues-in-nutrition-dietary-considerations-in-select-chronic-conditions
#15
Margaret E Thompson, Mary Barth Noel
Chronic diseases that affect the gastrointestinal tract also tend to affect nutrition. The incidence of chronic liver disease is increasing. As the prevalence of obesity rises, so do the incidences of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Patients with chronic liver disease usually have some degree of malnutrition. In the absence of encephalopathy, patients with chronic liver disease should consume more protein than that in the average diet. There is some controversy about whether diet plays a role in the development of inflammatory bowel disease...
January 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065527/iron-deficiency-anemia-despite-effective-gluten-free-diet-in-celiac-disease-diagnostic-role-of-small-bowel-capsule-endoscopy
#16
Konstantinos Efthymakis, Angelo Milano, Francesco Laterza, Mariaelena Serio, Matteo Neri
BACKGROUND & AIM: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is associated with celiac disease (CD). Although gluten-free diet (GFD) is an efficient treatment for CD, IDA remains an occasional finding during follow-up and correlates to inadequate gluten exclusion. Little is known regarding persistent IDA despite effective GFD. We aimed to evaluate the role of small bowel capsule endoscopy (SBCE) in this setting. METHODS: We prospectively included consecutive patients undergoing GFD for ≥24 months with persistent concomitant IDA...
December 21, 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051174/characterization-of-globulin-storage-proteins-of-a-low-prolamin-cereal-species-in-relation-to-celiac-disease
#17
Gyöngyvér Gell, Krisztina Kovács, Gábor Veres, Ilma R Korponay-Szabó, Angéla Juhász
Brachypodium distachyon, a small annual grass with seed storage globulins as primary protein reserves was used in our study to analyse the toxic nature of non-prolamin seed storage proteins related to celiac disease. The main storage proteins of B. distachyon are the 7S globulin type proteins and the 11S, 12S seed storage globulins similar to oat and rice. Immunoblot analyses using serum samples from celiac disease patients were carried out followed by the identification of immune-responsive proteins using mass spectrometry...
January 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030510/clinical-and-fecal-microbial-changes-with-diet-therapy-in-active-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#18
David L Suskind, Stanley A Cohen, Mitchell J Brittnacher, Ghassan Wahbeh, Dale Lee, Michele L Shaffer, Kimberly Braly, Hillary S Hayden, Jani Klein, Benjamin Gold, Matthew Giefer, Angela Stallworth, Samuel I Miller
GOAL: To determine the effect of the specific carbohydrate diet (SCD) on active inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). BACKGROUND: IBD is a chronic idiopathic inflammatory intestinal disorder associated with fecal dysbiosis. Diet is a potential therapeutic option for IBD based on the hypothesis that changing the fecal dysbiosis could decrease intestinal inflammation. STUDY: Pediatric patients with mild to moderate IBD defined by pediatric Crohn's disease activity index (PCDAI 10-45) or pediatric ulcerative colitis activity index (PUCAI 10-65) were enrolled into a prospective study of the SCD...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003811/identification-and-characterization-of-a-novel-association-between-dietary-potassium-and-risk-of-crohn-s-disease-and-ulcerative-colitis
#19
Hamed Khalili, Sakshi Malik, Ashwin N Ananthakrishnan, John J Garber, Leslie M Higuchi, Amit Joshi, Joanna Peloquin, James M Richter, Kathleen O Stewart, Gary C Curhan, Amit Awasthi, Vijay Yajnik, Andrew T Chan
BACKGROUND: Recent animal studies have identified that dietary salt intake may modify the risk and progression of autoimmune disorders through modulation of the IL-23/TH17 pathway, which is critical in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of U.S. women enrolled in the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and NHSII who provided detailed and validated information on diet and lifestyle beginning in 1984 in NHS and 1991 in NHSII...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000477/probiotic-effectiveness-nutrition-in-cancer-treatment-and-prevention
#20
Débora Mara Kich, Angélica Vincenzi, Fernanda Majolo, Claucia Fernanda Volken de Souza, Márcia Inês Goettert
Among the neoplasias, colorectal cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer death in men and women. The increasing incidence of this type of cancer is due to the increase in the population's life expectancy, by the increase in chronic inflammatory bowel diseases, primarily ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, and the change in eating habits. The American Cancer Society (2011) shows that diet might be responsible for approximately 30% of cancer cases in developed countries, moreover when considering only colorectal cancer, the number can reach 30% to 50%...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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