keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Prebiotic

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782463/gut-microbiota-probiotics-and-sport-from-clinical-evidence-to-agonistic-performance
#1
Marco Pane, Angela Amoruso, Francesca Deidda, Teresa Graziano, Serena Allesina, Luca Mogna
Human beings harbor clusters of bacteria in different parts of the body, such as the surface or the deep layers of the skin, the mouth, the lungs, the intestine, the vagina, and all the surfaces exposed to the outer world. The majority of microbes resides in the gut, have a weighty influence on human physiology and nutrition and are vital for human life. There is growing evidence showing that the gut microbiota plays important roles in the maturation of the immune system and the protection against some infectious agents...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779815/use-of-standard-enteral-formula-versus-enteric-formula-with-prebiotic-content-in-nutrition-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-study-among-neuro-critical-care-patients
#2
Piril Tuncay, Fatma Arpaci, Mutlu Doganay, Deniz Erdem, Arzu Sahna, Hulya Ergun, Dilek Atabey
OBJECTIVE: To compare use of standard enteral formula versus enteric formula with prebiotic content in terms of nutrition therapy related outcomes among neurocritical care patients. METHODS: A total of 46 adult neurocritical care patients who received nutrition therapy with standard enteral formula (SEF group; n = 23) or enteral formula with prebiotic content (EFPC group; n = 23) during their hospitalization in intensive care unit (ICU) were included in this prospective randomized controlled study...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779170/histological-improvement-of-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-with-a-prebiotic-a-pilot-clinical-trial
#3
Marc R Bomhof, Jill A Parnell, Hena R Ramay, Pam Crotty, Kevin P Rioux, Chris S Probert, Saumya Jayakumar, Maitreyi Raman, Raylene A Reimer
PURPOSE: In obesity and diabetes the liver is highly susceptible to abnormal uptake and storage of fat. In certain individuals hepatic steatosis predisposes to the development of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), a disease marked by hepatic inflammation and fibrosis. Although the precise pathophysiology of NASH is unknown, it is believed that the gut microbiota-liver axis influences the development of this disease. With few treatment strategies available for NASH, exploration of gut microbiota-targeted interventions is warranted...
May 19, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779028/dietary-changes-involving-bifidobacterium-longum-and-other-nutrients-delays-chronic-kidney-disease-progression
#4
Yuko Iwashita, Masaki Ohya, Mitsuru Yashiro, Tomohiro Sonou, Kazuki Kawakami, Yuri Nakashima, Takuro Yano, Yu Iwashita, Toru Mima, Shigeo Negi, Kaoru Kubo, Koichi Tomoda, Toshitaka Odamaki, Takashi Shigematsu
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that prebiotic and/or probiotic treatments ameliorate kidney function in humans and animals by improving the gut environment. However, the gut microbiota and kidney disease interactions remain to be determined. This study investigated whether synbiotics modulate the gut microbiota and ameliorate kidney function using a rat model of chronic kidney disease (CKD). As uremic toxins are associated with CKD-related mineral and bone disorder, the secondary aim was to evaluate the relationship between synbiotics and secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT)...
May 18, 2018: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777375/a-comparison-of-the-effects-of-antibiotics-probiotics-synbiotics-and-prebiotics-on-the-performance-and-carcass-characteristics-of-broilers
#5
Vahid Tayeri, Alireza Seidavi, Leila Asadpour, Clive J C Phillips
Routine use of the antibiotic flavomycin in broiler production may lead to resistance, and alternative growth promoters are used to enhance performance. Two hundred day-old male Ross 308 broiler chicks were allocated to five dietary supplements included from d 1-42: flavomycin, three possible alternatives, a probiotic, prebiotic and a synbiotic, as well as a control treatment. There were four replicate cages of 10 birds each in each treatment. Compared with the control and antibiotics treatments, the probiotic, prebiotic and synbiotic treatments increased (p = 0...
May 18, 2018: Veterinary Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773375/characterization-and-prebiotic-activity-in-vitro-of-inulin-type-fructan-from-codonopsis-pilosula-roots
#6
Yu-Ping Fu, Li-Xia Li, Bing-Zhao Zhang, Berit Smestad Paulsen, Zhong-Qiong Yin, Chao Huang, Bin Feng, Xing-Fu Chen, Ren-Rong Jia, Xu Song, Xue-Qin Ni, Bo Jing, Fa-Ming Wu, Yuan-Feng Zou
The inulin-type fructan was obtained by DEAE anion exchange chromatography from C. pilosula Nannf. var. modesta (Nannf.) L. T. Shen, after optimized extract condition, which was established by response surface methodology, designed using Box-Behnken factorial design and the optimum condition were: extracting 2.5 h with ratio of solvent to material 40 mL/g at 100 °C, twice. The maximum extraction yield was 20.6 ± 0.2%. It was confirmed as β-(2-1) linkage fructan, with terminal glucose, and with a degree of polymerization of 2-17 (DPav  = 6), shown by the results of methanolysis, methylation, nuclear magnetic resonance and molecular weight determination...
August 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772753/dietary-polysaccharide-from-enteromorpha-clathrata-modulates-gut-microbiota-and-promotes-the-growth-of-akkermansia-muciniphila-bifidobacterium-spp-and-lactobacillus-spp
#7
Qingsen Shang, Ya Wang, Lin Pan, Qingfeng Niu, Chao Li, Hao Jiang, Chao Cai, Jiejie Hao, Guoyun Li, Guangli Yu
Recently, accumulating evidence has suggested that Enteromorpha clathrata polysaccharide (ECP) could contribute to the treatment of diseases. However, as a promising candidate for marine drug development, although ECP has been extensively studied, less consideration has been given to exploring its effect on gut microbiota. In this light, given the critical role of gut microbiota in health and disease, we investigated here the effect of ECP on gut microbiota using 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing. As revealed by bioinformatic analyses, ECP considerably changed the structure of the gut microbiota and significantly promoted the growth of probiotic bacteria in C57BL/6J mice...
May 17, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771163/review-of-saccharomyces-boulardii-as-a-treatment-option-in-ibd
#8
Kavitha Sivananthan, Andreas Munk Petersen
CONTEXT: Review of the yeast Saccharomyces boulardii as a treatment option for the inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. OBJECTIVE: IBD is caused by an inappropriate immune response to gut microbiota. Treatment options could therefore be prebiotics, probiotics, antibiotics and/or fecal transplant. In this review, we have looked at the evidence for the yeast S. boulardii as a treatment option. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Searches in PubMed and the Cochrane Library with the MeSH words 'Saccharomyces boulardii AND IBD', 'Saccharomyces boulardii AND Inflammatory Bowel Disease', 'Saccharomyces boulardii AND ulcerative colitis' and 'Saccharomyces boulardii AND Crohn's disease' gave total a total of 80 articles...
May 17, 2018: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767655/proteomic-analysis-of-stachyose-contribution-to-the-growth-of-lactobacillus-acidophilus-cicc22162
#9
Xian-Feng Zhong, Yu-Bo Zhang, Gui-Dong Huang, Yong-Zhong Ouyang, Dong-Jiang Liao, Jia-Wei Peng, Wei-Zhi Huang
Stachyose is a functional oligosaccharide, acting as a potential prebiotic for colonic fermentation. To understand the mechanism of how stachyose promotes the growth of probiotic bacterium, we analyzed the differences of the proteome of Lactobacillus acidophilus grown on stachyose or glucose. By a combination of two-dimensional electrophoresis and mass spectrometry analysis, we observed 16 proteins differentially abundant under these two conditions and identified 9 protein spots. Six of these proteins were highly abundant when stachyose was used as the sole carbon source...
May 16, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767160/effects-of-yeast-cell-wall-on-growth-performance-immune-responses-and-intestinal-short-chain-fatty-acid-concentrations-of-broilers-in-an-experimental-necrotic-enteritis-model
#10
Guang-Da Xue, Shu-Biao Wu, Mingan Choct, Robert A Swick
Subclinical necrotic enteritis (NE) causes devastating economic losses in the broiler chicken industry, especially in birds raised free of in-feed antibiotics. Prebiotics are potential alternatives to in-feed antibiotics. Yeast cell wall extract (YCW) derived from Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a prebiotic with known immune modulating effects. This study examined the effects of YCW and antibiotics (AB) during subclinical NE on broiler growth performance, intestinal lesions, humoral immune response and gut microflora metabolites...
December 2017: Animal nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767133/intestinal-challenge-with-enterotoxigenic-escherichia-coli-in-pigs-and-nutritional-intervention-to-prevent-postweaning-diarrhea
#11
REVIEW
Yawang Sun, Sung Woo Kim
Gut health of nursery pigs immediately after weaning is tightly associated with their growth performance and economic values. Postweaning diarrhea (PWD) is one of the major concerns related to gut health of nursery pigs which often is caused by infections of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC), mainly including F4 (K88)+ and F18+ E. coli. The main virulence factors of ETEC are adhesins (fimbriae or pili) and enterotoxins. The common types of fimbriae on ETEC from PWD pigs are F18+ and F4+ . Typically, PWD in pigs is associated with both F18+ and F4+ ETEC infections whereas pre-weaning diarrhea in pigs is associated with F4+ ETEC infection...
December 2017: Animal nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765460/the-role-of-intestinal-microbiota-in-the-pathogenesis-of-nafld-starting-points-for-intervention
#12
Umberto Vespasiani-Gentilucci, Paolo Gallo, Antonio Picardi
In recent years, close links between intestinal microbiota and host metabolism have been recognized. Intestinal bacteria can participate in the extraction of calories from food, and circulation of bacterial products, in particular lipopolysaccharides (LPS), is responsible for the "metabolic endotoxemia", which contributes to insulin resistance and its complications, such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Indeed, qualitative and quantitative intestinal dysbiotic changes have been clearly documented in NAFLD patients, and several mechanisms by which the intestinal microbiota can directly promote liver fat deposition, inflammation and fibrosis have also been described...
April 2018: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764202/comparative-study-of-the-synbiotic-effect-of-inulin-and-fructooligosaccharide-with-probiotics-with-regard-to-the-various-properties-of-fermented-soy-milk
#13
Shalini Mishra, H N Mishra
Numerous combinations of probiotics were explored to find the suitable starter culture for the development of synbiotic soy yoghurt which can give good product characteristics and may be acceptable among consumers. Prebiotics (fructooligosaccharide (FOS) and inulin) were supplemented in an attempt to reduce the after-taste of soymilk, improve acidification profile and growth of probiotics. The addition of prebiotics in soy milk significantly enhanced the acidification rate (10.82 to 23.00 × 10-3 pH units/min) and condensed the fermentation completion time...
January 1, 2018: Food Science and Technology International, Ciencia y Tecnología de Los Alimentos Internacional
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757217/caveats-to-exogenous-organic-delivery-from-ablation-dilution-and-thermal-degradation
#14
Chris Mehta, Anthony Perez, Glenn Thompson, Matthew A Pasek
A hypothesis in prebiotic chemistry argues that organics were delivered to the early Earth in abundance by meteoritic sources. This study tests that hypothesis by measuring how the transfer of organic matter to the surface of Earth is affected by energy-dissipation processes such as ablation and airbursts. Exogenous delivery has been relied upon as a source of primordial material, but it must stand to reason that other avenues (i.e., hydrothermal vents, electric discharge) played a bigger role in the formation of life as we know it on Earth if exogenous material was unable to deliver significant quantities of organics...
May 12, 2018: Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756893/selection-dynamics-in-transient-compartmentalization
#15
Alex Blokhuis, David Lacoste, Philippe Nghe, Luca Peliti
Transient compartments have been recently shown to be able to maintain functional replicators in the context of prebiotic studies. Here, we show that a broad class of selection dynamics is able to achieve this goal. We identify two key parameters, the relative amplification of nonactive replicators (parasites) and the size of compartments. These parameters account for competition and diversity, and the results are relevant to similar multilevel selection problems, such as those found in virus-host ecology and trait group selection...
April 13, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752951/the-start-of-the-abiogenesis-preservation-of-homochirality-in-proteins-as-a-necessary-and-sufficient-condition-for-the-establishment-of-the-metabolism
#16
Søren Toxvaerd
Biosystems contain an almost infinite amount of vital important details, which together ensure their life. There are, however, some common structures and reactions in the systems: the homochirality of carbohydrates and proteins, the metabolism and the genetics. The Abiogenesis, or the origin of life, is probably not a result of a series of single events, but rather the result of a gradual process with increasing complexity of molecules and chemical reactions, and the prebiotic synthesis of molecules might not have left a trace of the establishment of structures and reactions at the beginning of the evolution...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752942/structure-based-protein-engineering-of-bacterial-%C3%AE-xylosidase-to-increase-the-production-yield-of-xylobiose-from-xylose
#17
Seokho Hong, Myungok Kyung, Inseong Jo, Yong-Ro Kim, Nam-Chul Ha
Xylobiose consists of two molecules of xylose and has been highly recognized as a food supplement because it possesses high prebiotic functions. β-xylosidase exhibits enzymatic activity to hydrolyze xylobiose, and the enzyme can also catalyze the reverse reaction in the presence of high concentrations of xylose. Previously, β-xylosidase from Bacillus pumilus IPO (BpXynB), belonging to GH family 43, was employed to produce xylobiose from xylose. To improve the enzymatic efficiency, this study determined the high-resolution structure of BpXynB in a complex with xylobiose and engineered BpXynB based on the structures...
May 9, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748817/the-role-of-the-microbiome-for-human-health-from-basic-science-to-clinical-applications
#18
M Hasan Mohajeri, Robert J M Brummer, Robert A Rastall, Rinse K Weersma, Hermie J M Harmsen, Marijke Faas, Manfred Eggersdorfer
The 2017 annual symposium organized by the University Medical Center Groningen in The Netherlands focused on the role of the gut microbiome in human health and disease. Experts from academia and industry examined interactions of prebiotics, probiotics, or vitamins with the gut microbiome in health and disease, the development of the microbiome in early-life and the role of the microbiome on the gut-brain axis. The gut microbiota changes dramatically during pregnancy and intrinsic factors (such as stress), in addition to extrinsic factors (such as diet, and drugs) influence the composition and activity of the gut microbiome throughout life...
May 10, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748740/exploration-of-rna-sequence-space-in-the-absence-of-a-replicase
#19
Madhan R Tirumalai, Quyen Tran, Maxim Paci, Dimple Chavan, Anuradha Marathe, George E Fox
It is generally considered that if an RNA World ever existed that it would be driven by an RNA capable of RNA replication. Whether such a catalytic RNA could emerge in an RNA World or not, there would need to be prior routes to increasing complexity in order to produce it. It is hypothesized here that increasing sequence variety, if not complexity, can in fact readily emerge in response to a dynamic equilibrium between synthesis and degradation. A model system in which T4 RNA ligase catalyzes synthesis and Benzonase catalyzes degradation was constructed...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Molecular Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745989/potential-functional-byproducts-from-guava-pur%C3%A3-e-processing
#20
Si Yi Lim, Paik Yean Tham, Hilary Yi Ler Lim, Wooi Shin Heng, Ying Ping Chang
The valorization of guava waste requires compositional and functional studies. We tested three byproducts of guava purée processing, namely refiner, siever, and decanter. We analyzed the chemical composition and quantified the prebiotic activity score and selected carbohydrates; we also determined the water holding (WHC), oil holding (OHC), cation exchange capacities, bile acid binding, and glucose dialysis retardation (GDR) of the solid fraction and the antioxidative and α-amylase inhibitory capacities (AIC) of the ethanolic extract...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Food Science
keyword
keyword
26372
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"