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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783064/aerobic-resistance-or-combined-training-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-exercise-to-reduce-cardiovascular-risk-in-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome
#1
Michael A Wewege, Jeanette M Thom, Kerry-Anne Rye, Belinda J Parmenter
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Exercise is beneficial to individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS). An understudied group, who represent the majority of the MetS population, are individuals who have not developed diabetes. This review examined aerobic, resistance and combined (aerobic + resistance) exercise for cardiovascular risk factors in MetS without diabetes. METHODS: Eight electronic databases were searched up to September 2017 for randomised controlled trials >4 weeks in duration that compared an exercise intervention to the non-exercise control in MetS without diabetes...
May 3, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782476/acute-neuromuscular-adaptations-in-response-to-low-intensity-blood-flow-restricted-exercise-and-high-intensity-resistance-exercise-are-there-any-differences-erratum
#2
Pedro Fatela, Joana F Reis, Goncalo V Mendonca, Toma S Freitas, Maria J Valamatos, Janne Avela, Pedro Mil-Homens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782463/gut-microbiota-probiotics-and-sport-from-clinical-evidence-to-agonistic-performance
#3
Marco Pane, Angela Amoruso, Francesca Deidda, Teresa Graziano, Serena Allesina, Luca Mogna
Human beings harbor clusters of bacteria in different parts of the body, such as the surface or the deep layers of the skin, the mouth, the lungs, the intestine, the vagina, and all the surfaces exposed to the outer world. The majority of microbes resides in the gut, have a weighty influence on human physiology and nutrition and are vital for human life. There is growing evidence showing that the gut microbiota plays important roles in the maturation of the immune system and the protection against some infectious agents...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782040/two-repetitive-bouts-of-intense-eccentric-concentric-jaw-exercises-reduce-experimental-muscle-pain-in-healthy-subjects
#4
Rosaria Bucci, Frank Lobbezoo, Ambrosina Michelotti, Michail Koutris
BACKGROUND: High-intensity eccentric-concentric contractions of the jaw-closing muscles induce muscle soreness, fatigue, and functional impairment of the jaw, resembling the symptoms of myalgia, according to the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD). However, it is claimed that repetition of similar exercises can minimize these detrimental effects. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the response of jaw closing muscles following two series of intense eccentric-concentric exercises of the masticatory muscles in healthy subjects...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781941/cardiopulmonary-demand-of-16-kg-kettlebell-snatches-in-simulated-girevoy-sport
#5
Margaux Chan, Martin J MacInnis, Sarah Koch, Kristin E MacLeod, Keith R Lohse, Maria E Gallo, A William Sheel, Michael S Koehle
Chan, M, MacInnis, MJ, Koch, S, MacLeod, KE, Lohse, KR, Gallo, ME, Sheel, AW, and Koehle, MS. Cardiopulmonary demand of 16-kg kettlebell snatches in simulated Girevoy Sport. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Kettlebell lifting has become popular both as a strength and conditioning training tool and as a sport in and of itself: Girevoy Sport (GS). Although several kettlebell multimovement protocols have been analyzed, little research has attempted to quantify the aerobic stimulus of the individual events in GS, which could better inform kettlebell-related exercise prescription...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781921/exercise-periodization-over-the-year-improves-metabolic-syndrome-and-medication-use
#6
Felix Morales-Palomo, Miguel Ramirez-Jimenez, Juan Fernando Ortega, Ricardo Mora-Rodriguez
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine if yearly repeated exercise training reduces metabolic syndrome (MetS) and the use of medicines to control MetS components. METHODS: Fifty five MetS individuals were randomized into a TRAIN group that underwent two yearly programs of 16-week of high intensity interval training (HIIT) or a non-exercising CONT group. We measured the evolution of all five MetS components, cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF; assessed by VO2PEAK) and medicine use, at baseline (0 months), mid (12 months) and end-point (24 months)...
May 2, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781580/neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-compared-to-volitional-exercise-in-improving-muscle-function-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-randomized-pilot-study
#7
Sara R Piva, Samannaaz S Khoja, Frederico G S Toledo, Mary Chester Wasko, G Kelley Fitzgerald, Bret H Goodpaster, Clair N Smith, Anthony Delitto
OBJECTIVES: To compare the feasibility and effectiveness of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES) with high-intensity volitional resistance training in improving muscle structure and function, and physical function in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We also described pre- and post-intervention values of myocyte characteristics. METHODS: Two-group single-blinded pilot randomized study in adults with RA. Participants were assigned to 36 sessions over 16 weeks of NMES (n=31) or volitional training (n=28)...
May 21, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781539/intermittent-resistance-exercise-and-obesity-considered-separately-or-combined-impair-spermatic-parameters-in-adult-male-wistar-rats
#8
Ana Paula Franco Punhagui, Giovana Rampazzo Teixeira, Marcelo Conrado de Freitas, Patricia Monteiro Seraphim, Glaura Scantamburlo Alves Fernandes
Obesity and absence of physical exercise are global problems that affect concentration and sperm quality in the male reproductive system. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of obesity and resistance training, considered separately or in association, on testicular function and reproductive capacity. Twenty pubertal male Wistar rats were distributed into four groups: control (C) and exercise (E) groups that received standard rat chow; and obese (O) and obese with exercise (OE) groups that received a high-fat diet...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780977/modeling-interdependent-and-periodic-real-world-action-sequences
#9
Takeshi Kurashima, Tim Althoff, Jure Leskovec
Mobile health applications, including those that track activities such as exercise, sleep, and diet, are becoming widely used. Accurately predicting human actions in the real world is essential for targeted recommendations that could improve our health and for personalization of these applications. However, making such predictions is extremely difficult due to the complexities of human behavior, which consists of a large number of potential actions that vary over time, depend on each other, and are periodic...
April 2018: Proceedings of the International World-Wide Web Conference
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780326/effects-of-ginseng-supplementation-and-endurance-exercise-in-the-artery-specific-vascular-responsiveness-of-diabetic-and-sedentary-rats
#10
Juan M Murias, Mao Jiang, Tomasz Dzialoszynski, Earl G Noble
This study examined the effects of 12 weeks North-American ginseng supplementation, exercise training, and sedentary behavior on vascular responses in type I diabetic rats. The following hypotheses were tested: (1) ginseng supplementation would result in improved vascular responsiveness and sensitivity; (2) exercise training would result in further improvement in these vascular responses; (3) control rats with no access to exercise would show a depressed vascular response compared to control rats that were not exposed to a sedentary lifestyle...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777980/trunk-postural-adjustments-medium-term-reliability-and-correlation-with-changes-of-clinical-outcomes-following-an-8-week-lumbar-stabilization-exercise-program
#11
Jean-Alexandre Boucher, Richard Preuss, Sharon M Henry, Marilee Nugent, Christian Larivière
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) has been previously associated with delayed anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs) determined by trunk muscle activation. Lumbar stabilization exercise programs (LSEP) for patients with LBP may restore the trunk neuromuscular control of the lumbar spine, and normalize APAs. This exploratory study aimed at testing the reliability of EMG and kinematics-based postural adjustment measures over an 8-week interval, assessing their sensitivity to LBP status and treatment and examining their relationship with clinical outcomes...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777386/substrate-metabolism-during-ironman-triathlon-different-horses-on-the-same-courses
#12
Ed Maunder, Andrew E Kilding, Daniel J Plews
Ironman triathlons are ultra-endurance events of extreme duration. The performance level of those competing varies dramatically, with elite competitors finishing in ~ 8:00:00, and lower performing amateurs finishing in ~ 14-15:00:00. When applying appropriate values for swimming, cycling and running economies to these performance times, it is demonstrated that the absolute energy cost of these events is high, and the rate of energy expenditure increases in proportion with the athlete's competitive level...
May 18, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776706/gaps-in-pain-agitation-and-delirium-management-in-intensive-care-outputs-from-a-nurse-workshop
#13
REVIEW
Carsten Hermes, Maria Acevedo-Nuevo, Andrea Berry, Thomas Kjellgren, Alessandra Negro, Paola Massarotto
Significant improvements in our understanding of pain, agitation, and delirium management within the Intensive Care Unit have been made in recent years. International guidelines and implementation bundles have become more evidence-based, patient-centred, and provide clear recommendations on the best-practice management of critically ill patients. However, the intensive care community has highlighted the need for higher-order evidence in several areas of pain, agitation and delirium research and studies suggest that a significant number of intensive care patients still receive outdated treatment as a consequence of inadequate guideline implementation...
May 15, 2018: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775986/effects-of-two-training-programs-on-transcriptional-levels-of-neurotrophins-and-glial-cells-population-in-hippocampus-of-experimental-multiple-sclerosis
#14
Maryam Naghibzadeh, Rouhollah Ranjbar, Mohammad Reza Tabandeh, Abdolhamid Habibi
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) versus low-intensity continuous training (LICT) on transcriptional levels of neurotrophic factors and oligodendrocyte/microglia cell loss in a cuprizone (CP) induced animal model of demyelination. Male C57BL/6 mice were assigned to six groups: control (C), cuprizone-induced demyelination (CP), interval training (IT), continuous training (CT), IT plus CP (ITCP), and CT plus CP (CTCP). Training programs on the treadmill were performed for four weeks, and then demyelination was induced by feeding mice a diet containing 0...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775985/sensorimotor-exercises-and-enhanced-trunk-function-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Steffen Mueller, Tilman Engel, Juliane Mueller, Josefine Stoll, Heiner Baur, Frank Mayer
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a 6-week sensorimotor or resistance training on maximum trunk strength and response to sudden, high-intensity loading in athletes.Forty-three healthy, well-trained participants were randomized into sensorimotor (SMT; n=11), resistance training (RT; n=16) and control groups (CG; n=16). Treatment groups received either sensorimotor training (SMT) or resistance training (RT) for 6 weeks, 3 times a week. At baseline and after 6 weeks of intervention, participants' maximum isokinetic strength in trunk rotation and extension was tested (concentric/eccentric 30°/s)...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775547/acute-dietary-nitrate-supplementation-does-not-attenuate-oxidative-stress-or-the-hemodynamic-response-during-submaximal-exercise-in-hypobaric-hypoxia
#16
Colin R Carriker, Paige Rombach, Brooke M Stevens, Roger A Vaughan, Ann L Gibson
PURPOSE: To investigate changes in oxidative stress, arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2), blood pressure (BP), and heart rate (HR) while exercising in hypobaric hypoxia following acute dietary nitrate supplementation. METHODS: Nine well-trained (60.8±7.8 ml/kg/min) males (29±7 years) visited the lab on 3 occasions, each separated by 1 week. Visit 1 included a maximal aerobic cycling test (VO2max) and 5 five-minute increasing intensity exercise bouts in a normobaric environment (1600m)...
May 18, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775407/effect-of-healthy-aging-and-sex-on-middle-cerebral-artery-blood-velocity-dynamics-during-moderate-intensity-exercise
#17
Jaimie L Ward, Jesse C Craig, Yumei Liu, Eric Dennis Vidoni, Rebecca Malesky, David C Poole, Sandra A Billinger
Cerebral blood flow (CBF) velocity measured in the middle cerebral artery (MCAV ) increases with finite kinetics during moderate intensity exercise and both the amplitude and dynamics of the response provide invaluable insights into the controlling mechanisms. The MCAV response following exercise onset is well fit to an exponential model in young individuals but remains to be characterized in their older counterparts. The responsiveness of vasomotor control degrades with advancing age, especially in skeletal muscle, and we tested the hypothesis that older subjects would evince a slower and reduced MCAV response to exercise...
May 18, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774489/the-role-of-lifestyle-in-male-infertility-diet-physical-activity-and-body-habitus
#18
REVIEW
Russell P Hayden, Ryan Flannigan, Peter N Schlegel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Increasing attention to primary and secondary prevention of male infertility through modifiable lifestyle factors has gained traction amongst both patients and infertility specialists. In this review, the available evidence of modifiable lifestyle choices, specifically diet, physical activity, and body habitus, are evaluated. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies examining diet, exercise/physical activity, and body habitus are characterized by conflicting conclusions, difficult confounders, and imperfect end points to judge male reproductive potential...
May 17, 2018: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772567/the-renin-angiotensin-system-not-the-kinin-kallikrein-system-affects-post-exercise-proteinuria
#19
Günnur Koçer, Filiz Basralı, Oktay Kuru, Ümit Kemal Şentürk
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Temporary proteinuria post-exercise is common and is caused predominantly by renal haemodynamic alterations. One reason is up-regulation of angiotensin II (Ang II) due to the reducing effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. However, another, ignored, reason could be the kininase effect of ACE inhibition. This study investigated how ACE inhibition reduces post-exercise proteinuria: by either Ang II up-regulation inhibition or bradykinin elevation due to kininase activity inhibition...
May 17, 2018: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772343/brain-stimulation-differentially-modulates-nociception-and-inflammation-in-aversive-and-non-aversive-behavioural-conditions
#20
G S Bassi, A Kanashiro, G J Rodrigues, F Q Cunha, N C Coimbra, L Ulloa
Inflammation and pain are major clinical burdens contributing to multiple disorders and limiting the quality of life of patients. We previously reported that brain electrical stimulation can attenuate joint inflammation in experimental arthritis. Here, we report that non-aversive electrical stimulation of the locus coeruleus (LC), the paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus (PVN) or the ventrolateral column of the periaqueductal grey matter (vlPAG) decreases thermal pain sensitivity, knee inflammation and synovial neutrophilic infiltration in ratswith intra-articular zymosan...
May 14, 2018: Neuroscience
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