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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807608/benefits-of-flu-vaccination-for-persons-with-diabetes-mellitus-a-review
#1
REVIEW
M Goeijenbier, T T van Sloten, L Slobbe, C Mathieu, P van Genderen, Walter E P Beyer, Albert D M E Osterhaus
Diabetes mellitus imposes a significant and increasing burden on society, with major consequences for human health, welfare and the economy worldwide. Persons with diabetes mellitus are at increased risk of developing severe complications after influenza virus infection and guidelines advise vaccination. The present evidence for influenza vaccine effectiveness in persons with diabetes mellitus is mainly based on observational studies with clinical endpoints like hospitalization and death, indicating a beneficial reduction of morbidity and mortality...
August 11, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807604/focusing-on-the-implementation-of-21st-century-vaccines-for-adults
#2
Paolo Bonanni, Guglielmo Bonaccorsi, Chiara Lorini, Francesca Santomauro, Emilia Tiscione, Sara Boccalini, Angela Bechini
Adult immunization is a priority for public health, particularly in countries where an aging population has become increasingly more numerous. Protection against diseases which typically affect adults (like flu, pneumococcal diseases and Herpes zoster), the shift of age of infections which originally affected children (like measles), the decreasing protection with time for infections which need periodical booster doses of vaccines (Tdap), the availability of vaccines which can also impact on adult health (HPV) are only some examples of the importance of implementing targeted vaccination strategies...
August 11, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805243/factors-associated-with-acceptance-of-pandemic-flu-vaccine-by-healthcare-professionals-in-spain-2009-2010
#3
Tania Fernández-Villa, Antonio J Molina, Nuria Torner, Jesus Castilla, Jenaro Astray, Susana García-Gutiérrez, José María Mayoral, Sonia Tamames, Ángela Domínguez, Vicente Martín
The A(H1N1)pdm09 influenza virus reached pandemic level in Spain in 2009, prompting a national vaccination campaign. To avoid transmission to patients, healthcare professionals' vaccination against pandemic influenza is crucial. The main objective of this study was to analyze factors associated with the failure by healthcare professionals to accept the pandemic vaccination in 2009. A cross-sectional survey was conducted of healthcare professionals in seven of Spain's autonomous regions. A questionnaire was used to collect information about personal and professional details, the respondents' flu vaccination status in the 2008-2009 and 2009-2010 seasons (seasonal and pandemic vaccines), and their knowledge and attitudes...
August 14, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793335/estimation-of-sickness-absenteeism-among-italian-healthcare-workers-during-seasonal-influenza-epidemics
#4
Maria Michela Gianino, Gianfranco Politano, Antonio Scarmozzino, Lorena Charrier, Marco Testa, Sebastian Giacomelli, Alfredo Benso, Carla Maria Zotti
OBJECTIVES: To analyze absenteeism among healthcare workers (HCWs) at a large Italian hospital and to estimate the increase in absenteeism that occurred during seasonal flu periods. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. METHODS: The absenteeism data were divided into three "epidemic periods," starting at week 42 of one year and terminating at week 17 of the following year (2010-2011, 2011-2012, 2012-2013), and three "non-epidemic periods," defined as week 18 to week 41 and used as baseline data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768405/knowledge-and-perceptions-of-influenza-vaccinations-among-college-students-in-vietnam-and-the-united-states
#5
Akiko Kamimura, Ha N Trinh, Shannon Weaver, Alla Chernenko, Maziar M Nourian, Nushean Assasnik, Hanh Nguyen
OBJECTIVES: Influenza is a significant worldwide public health issue. Knowledge and perceptions regarding the flu vaccination are associated with whether individuals obtain the vaccination. The purpose of this study was to examine how such perceptions were related to knowledge and self-efficacy regarding influenza and the flu vaccination in Vietnam and the US. METHODS: College students (n=932) in Vietnam (n=495) and the US (n=437) completed a self-administered survey regarding knowledge and perceptions of influenza vaccinations in September and October 2016...
July 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755837/missed-opportunities-for-catch-up-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-among-university-undergraduates-identifying-health-decision-making-behaviors-and-uptake-barriers
#6
Kathleen R Ragan, Robert A Bednarczyk, Scott M Butler, Saad B Omer
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal adolescent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine rates in the US highlight the need for catch-up vaccination. When teenagers enter college, there may be a shift in healthcare decision-making from parents and guardians to the students themselves. Little is known about factors influencing college students' healthcare decision-making processes. STUDY DESIGN: We evaluated HPV vaccine decision-making among 18-to-26-year-old college students through a self-administered, anonymous, cross-sectional survey...
July 26, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738800/benchmarked-performance-charts-using-principal-components-analysis-to-improve-the-effectiveness-of-feedback-for-audit-data-in-hiv-care
#7
Skevi Michael, Mark Gompels, Caroline Sabin, Hilary Curtis, Margaret T May
BACKGROUND: Feedback tools for clinical audit data that compare site-specific results to average performance over all sites can be useful for quality improvement. Proposed tools should be simple and clearly benchmark the site's performance, so that a relevant action plan can be directly implemented to improve patient care services. We aimed to develop such a tool in order to feedback data to UK HIV clinics participating in the 2015 British HIV Association (BHIVA) audit assessing compliance with the 2011 guidelines for routine investigation and monitoring of adult HIV-1- infected individuals...
July 24, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726629/effects-of-influenza-strain-label-on-worry-and-behavioral-intentions
#8
Aaron M Scherer, Megan Knaus, Brian J Zikmund-Fisher, Enny Das, Angela Fagerlin
Persons who read information about a hypothetical influenza strain with scientific (H11N3 influenza) or exotic-sounding (Yarraman flu) name reported higher worry and vaccination intentions than did those who read about strains named after an animal reservoir (horse flu). These findings suggest that terms used for influenza in public communications can influence reactions.
August 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724741/body-height-and-immune-efficacy-testing-body-stature-as-a-signal-of-biological-quality
#9
Bogusław Pawłowski, Judyta Nowak, Barbara Borkowska, Daria Augustyniak, Zuzanna Drulis-Kawa
According to the good genes hypothesis and energy allocation theory, human adult body height may reflect biological quality. An important aspect of this quality is immune system functioning (ISF). The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between ISF and body height in healthy people. The ISF was determined by several important innate (total complement and lysozyme activity, neutrophil function) and adaptive immune parameters (lymphocytes, IgA and IgG, and response to the flu vaccine). Overall, 96 males and 97 females were subjected to flu vaccination, and of these, 35 males and 34 females were subjected to tetanus...
July 26, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717338/perspectives-about-pandemic-influenza-and-its-prophylactic-measures-among-final-year-pharmacy-students-in-karachi-pakistan
#10
Najia Rahim, Wajiha Iffat, Sadia Shakeel, Muhammad Iyad Naeem, Faiza Qazi, Mehwish Rizvi, Iqbal Nasiri, Lubna Bashir, Faisal Muhammad Khan, Hina Yaseen, Shazia Jamshed
AIMS: In flu pandemics, pharmacy students' knowledge, attitudes, and practices are critical to save patients life. The objective of study was to determine the knowledge of and attitude toward the pandemic influenza among the pharmacy students of Karachi, Pakistan. SETTINGS AND DESIGNS: The cross-sectional study was conducted from September to December 2014 by adopting a prevalidated questionnaire distributed to senior pharmacy students (final year) in seven private and public sector universities of Karachi...
April 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699543/a-signal-detection-method-for-temporal-variation-of-adverse-effect-with-vaccine-adverse-event-reporting-system-data
#11
Yi Cai, Jingcheng Du, Jing Huang, Susan S Ellenberg, Sean Hennessy, Cui Tao, Yong Chen
BACKGROUND: To identify safety signals by manual review of individual report in large surveillance databases is time consuming; such an approach is very unlikely to reveal complex relationships between medications and adverse events. Since the late 1990s, efforts have been made to develop data mining tools to systematically and automatically search for safety signals in surveillance databases. Influenza vaccines present special challenges to safety surveillance because the vaccine changes every year in response to the influenza strains predicted to be prevalent that year...
July 5, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695426/influenza-vaccination-beliefs-and-practices-in-elderly-primary-care-patients
#12
Sharon Rikin, Vanessa Scott, Steven Shea, Philip LaRussa, Melissa S Stockwell
The majority of influenza related deaths and hospitalizations occur among individuals ≥65 years, yet the national influenza vaccination rate for this group is 63% and is lower in the Hispanic population. Previous studies have described negative predictors of vaccination; however, there is a knowledge gap of how influenza vaccine-specific beliefs affect vaccination rates. We examined the relationship between influenza vaccine health beliefs and vaccination behaviors in a cross sectional sample of 200 primarily Hispanic patients aged ≥65 years in an academic general internal medicine clinic...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692824/contextualizing-educational-differences-in-vaccination-uptake-a-thirty-nation-survey
#13
Kirils Makarovs, Peter Achterberg
This paper addresses the issue of public acceptance of vaccination with specific attention being paid to the role of education in vaccine uptake. Using Flash Eurobarometer 287 (2009) survey data and exploring it through the lens of Beck's reflexive modernization and Roger's protection motivation theories we examined how individual-level factors affect intention to get vaccinated, particularly aimed at examining whether higher education predicts more or less vaccination intention in different societies. The empirical results support an idea that at least for seasonal flu educational differences in vaccination uptake are contextual upon the reflexivity of the society in which respondent happens to live...
June 29, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682187/making-vaccine-messaging-stick-perceived-causal-instability-as-a-barrier-to-effective-vaccine-messaging
#14
Graham N Dixon
Health officials often face challenges in communicating the risks associated with not vaccinating, where persuasive messages can fail to elicit desired responses. However, the mechanisms behind these failures have not been fully ascertained. To address this gap, an experiment (N = 163) tested the differences between loss-framed messages-one emphasizing the consequence of not receiving a flu vaccine; the other emphasizing the consequence of receiving the flu vaccine. Despite an identical consequence (i.e., Guillain-Barre syndrome), the message highlighting the consequence of not receiving the flu vaccine produced lower negative affect scores as compared to the message highlighting the consequence of receiving the flu vaccine...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676381/knowledge-of-influenza-vaccination-recommendation-and-early-vaccination-uptake-during-the-2015-16-season-among-adults-aged-%C3%A2-18years-united-states
#15
Peng-Jun Lu, Anup Srivastav, Tammy A Santibanez, M Christopher Stringer, Michael Bostwick, Jill A Dever, Marshica Stanley Kurtz, Walter W Williams
BACKGROUND: Since 2010, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has recommended that all persons aged ≥6months receive annual influenza vaccination. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2015 National Internet Flu Survey (NIFS), to assess knowledge and awareness of the influenza vaccination recommendation and early influenza vaccination coverage during the 2015-16 season among adults. Predictive marginals from a multivariable logistic regression model were used to identify factors independently associated with adults' knowledge and awareness of the vaccination recommendation and early vaccine uptake during the 2015-16 influenza season...
July 1, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671929/up-to-date-on-preventive-care-services-under-affordable-care-act-a-trend-analysis-from-meps-2007-2014
#16
Young-Rock Hong, Ara Jo, Arch G Mainous
BACKGROUND: The utilization of preventive care services has been less than optimal. As part of an effort to address this, the Affordable Care Act (ACA) mandated that private health insurance plans cover evidence-based preventive services. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the provisions of ACA have increased being up-to-date on recommended preventive care services among privately insured individuals aged 18-64. RESEARCH DESIGN: Multivariate linear regression models were used to examine trends in prevalence of being up-to-date on selected preventive services, diagnosis of health conditions, and health expenditures between pre-ACA (2007-2010) and post-ACA (2011-2014)...
August 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659279/microneedle-patch-for-flu-vaccination-proves-successful-in-human-clinical-trial
#17
Jacqui Wise
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652020/development-of-a-realtime-rt-pcr-assay-for-the-rapid-detection-of-influenza-a-h2-viruses
#18
Komissarov Andrey, Fadeev Artem, Kosheleva Anna, Grudinin Mikhail
Influenza and other acute respiratory infections are of great concern for public health, causing excessive morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Influenza virus A(H2N2), which caused a pandemic of so called "Asian flu" in 1957 was expelled from the human population by the new pandemic virus subtype H3N2 in 1968, however, influenza A(H2) viruses continue to circulate in wild birds and poultry. The lack of immunity in human population and the continued circulation of influenza A(H2) among animals makes emergence of a new pandemic virus possible...
June 23, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Probes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630076/what-are-the-primary-limitations-in-b-cell-affinity-maturation-and-how-much-affinity-maturation-can-we-drive-with-vaccination-is-affinity-maturation-a-self-defeating-process-for-eliciting-broad-protection
#19
Christopher T Stamper, Patrick C Wilson
Vaccinations are one of the greatest success stories of modern medicine, saving millions of lives since their widespread adoption. However, several diseases continue to elude highly effective vaccination strategies. Chief among these are human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and influenza (flu), both of which will require vaccines that can guide the creation of highly mutated, broadly neutralizing antibodies (bnAbs). The generation of bnAbs is hindered by our inability to effectively drive the high levels of affinity maturation required to achieve them in a large number of cells...
June 19, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628831/analysis-of-immunostimulatory-activity-of-polysaccharide-extracted-from-yu-ping-feng-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#20
Wentao Fan, Pimiao Zheng, Yang Wang, Pan Hao, Jianzhu Liu, Xiaona Zhao
As a traditional Chinese multiherbal formula, Yu-Ping-Feng (YPF) is frequently used to treat cold, flu and inflammation-associated diseases. We aimed to evaluate the immunostimulatory effects of polysaccharide isolated from YPF (YPF-PS) in vitro and in vivo. In in vitro experiment, macrophage cell proliferation, phagocytosis rate, cytokine and costimulatory molecule release, T lymphocyte proliferation, cell cycle distribution, CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cell percentages were determined. To investigate the in vivo effects of YPF-PS treatment, different doses YPF-PS were administered to chicken vaccinated against Newcastle disease...
September 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
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