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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207689/interim-estimates-of-2016-17-seasonal-influenza-vaccine-effectiveness-united-states-february-2017
#1
Brendan Flannery, Jessie R Chung, Swathi N Thaker, Arnold S Monto, Emily T Martin, Edward A Belongia, Huong Q McLean, Manjusha Gaglani, Kempapura Murthy, Richard K Zimmerman, Mary Patricia Nowalk, Michael L Jackson, Lisa A Jackson, Angie Foust, Wendy Sessions, LaShondra Berman, Sarah Spencer, Alicia M Fry
In the United States, annual vaccination against seasonal influenza is recommended for all persons aged ≥6 months (1). Each influenza season since 2004-05, CDC has estimated the effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccine to prevent influenza-associated, medically attended, acute respiratory illness (ARI). This report uses data, as of February 4, 2017, from 3,144 children and adults enrolled in the U.S. Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness Network (U.S. Flu VE Network) during November 28, 2016-February 4, 2017, to estimate an interim adjusted effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccine for preventing laboratory-confirmed influenza virus infection associated with medically attended ARI...
February 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202448/sixty-seconds-on-swine-flu-vaccine
#2
Anne Gulland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185487/the-seasonal-flu-vaccination-and-uptake-among-healthcare-workers
#3
Alan Glasper
Emeritus Professor Alan Glasper, from the University of Southampton, discusses the quest by NHS England to encourage nurses and other healthcare workers to have the vaccination.
February 9, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181290/community-based-flu-outreach-clinics-in-south-los-angeles-client-satisfaction-and-experiences
#4
Zahra Mobasher, Lisa V Smith, Ashley Stegall, Deanna Bressler-Montgomery, Daniela Dominguez, Jan King, Douglas Frye, Jennifer Piron, Leila Family, Tony Kuo
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to better understand and improve influenza vaccination in low-income populations regardless of their health insurance/immigration status. It assessed client satisfaction and experiences with services provided at community-based "flu outreach" clinics in South Los Angeles. The clinics represent a community-public agency partnership-a model of vaccine delivery that was relatively novel to the region. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: During 2011-2012, a self-administered questionnaire was distributed to clients of the local health department's 39 flu outreach clinics in South Los Angeles...
February 9, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180278/flu-vaccine-too-much-of-a-good-thing
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179688/treaty-to-stop-biopiracy-threatens-to-delay-flu-vaccines
#6
Daniel Cressey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176588/can-my-boss-force-me-to-have-the-flu-jab
#7
Marc Cornock
Two legal and ethical issues arise from a campaign that uses pressure to 'persuade' nurses to receive a vaccination they may not want. The first relates to the individual nurse's consent to the procedure, and the second to the legal and ethical position of the person providing the vaccination.
February 8, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169438/association-between-parental-access-to-paid-sick-leave-and-children-s-access-to-and-use-of-healthcare-services
#8
Abay Asfaw, Maria Colopy
BACKGROUND: We examined the association between parental access to paid sick leave (PPSL) and children's use of preventive care and reduced likelihood of delayed medical care and emergency room (ER) visits. METHODS: We used the child sample of the National Health Interview Survey data (linked to the adult and family samples) from 2011 through 2015 and logistic and negative binomial regression models. RESULTS: Controlling for covariates, the odds of children with PPSL receiving flu vaccination were 12...
February 7, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126202/exploring-racial-influences-on-flu-vaccine-attitudes-and-behavior-results-of-a-national-survey-of-white-and-african-american-adults
#9
Sandra Crouse Quinn, Amelia Jamison, Vicki S Freimuth, Ji An, Gregory R Hancock, Donald Musa
INTRODUCTION: Racial disparities in adult flu vaccination rates persist with African Americans falling below Whites in vaccine acceptance. Although the literature has examined traditional variables including barriers, access, attitudes, among others, there has been virtually no examination of the extent to which racial factors including racial consciousness, fairness, and discrimination may affect vaccine attitudes and behaviors. METHODS: We contracted with GfK to conduct an online, nationally representative survey with 819 African American and 838 White respondents...
January 13, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125629/barriers-of-influenza-vaccination-intention-and-behavior-a-systematic-review-of-influenza-vaccine-hesitancy-2005-2016
#10
Philipp Schmid, Dorothee Rauber, Cornelia Betsch, Gianni Lidolt, Marie-Luisa Denker
BACKGROUND: Influenza vaccine hesitancy is a significant threat to global efforts to reduce the burden of seasonal and pandemic influenza. Potential barriers of influenza vaccination need to be identified to inform interventions to raise awareness, influenza vaccine acceptance and uptake. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to (1) identify relevant studies and extract individual barriers of seasonal and pandemic influenza vaccination for risk groups and the general public; and (2) map knowledge gaps in understanding influenza vaccine hesitancy to derive directions for further research and inform interventions in this area...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125496/flu-vaccine-during-pregnancy-didn-t-increase-risk-of-congenital-malformations
#11
Karen Rosenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109709/the-effect-of-gamma-irradiation-conditions-on-the-immunogenicity-of-whole-inactivated-influenza-a-virus-vaccine
#12
Shannon C David, Josyane Lau, Eve V Singleton, Rachelle Babb, Justin Davies, Timothy R Hirst, Shaun R McColl, James C Paton, Mohammed Alsharifi
Gamma-irradiation, particularly an irradiation dose of 50kGy, has been utilised widely to sterilise highly pathogenic agents such as Ebola, Marburg Virus, and Avian Influenza H5N1. We have reported previously that intranasal vaccination with a gamma-irradiated Influenza A virus vaccine (γ-Flu) results in cross-protective immunity. Considering the possible inclusion of highly pathogenic Influenza strains in future clinical development of γ-Flu, an irradiation dose of 50kGy may be used to enhance vaccine safety beyond the internationally accepted Sterility Assurance Level (SAL)...
January 18, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078660/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-diabetes-quality-of-care-the-role-of-healthcare-access-and-socioeconomic-status
#13
Juan R Canedo, Stephania T Miller, David Schlundt, Mary K Fadden, Maureen Sanderson
INTRODUCTION: Blacks, Hispanics, and Asians are disproportionately affected by diabetes. We assessed the state of racial/ethnic disparities in diabetes quality of care in the USA. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data of adults diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes in the nationally representative 2013 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. Differences in adherence to five diabetes quality of care recommendations (HbA1c twice yearly, yearly foot exam, dilated eye exam, blood cholesterol test, and flu vaccination) were examined by race/ethnicity while controlling for three social determinants of health (health insurance status, poverty, and education) and other demographic variables...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064287/influenza-vaccination-among-malaysian-healthcare-workers-a-survey-of-coverage-and-attitudes
#14
S A Hudu, N S Harmal, O Malina, Z Sekawi
BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at increased risk of getting influenza than the general population, therefore putting patients at risk of nosocomial infection. Influenza vaccination coverage among HCWs is low despite the availability of a safe and effective vaccine. However, the reasons for such a poor uptake are not well reported in Malaysia. This study aimed at assessing the rate of influenza vaccination uptake, knowledge and attitude of healthcare workers regarding influenza, and employers' policy on influenza vaccination...
October 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062245/influenza%C3%A2-b-burden-during-seasonal-influenza-epidemics-in-france
#15
A Mosnier, I Daviaud, J S Casalegno, M Ruetsch, C Burugorri, E Nauleau, T T Bui, H Fleury, B Lina, S van der Werf, J M Cohen
CONTEXT: Seasonal flu outbreaks are linked to the circulation of influenza virus type A or B. Special attention has always been paid to influenza A epidemics; but recently, several studies have investigated the impact of influenza B virus epidemics, particularly as, since the 1980s, two antigenically different influenza B lineages co-circulate, raising the issue of vaccine matching. OBJECTIVES: We present the results of influenza B burden during nine influenza seasons (2003-2013) and vaccine matching of the circulating lineages...
January 3, 2017: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060016/excess-respiratory-viral-infections-and-low-antibody-responses-among-hiv-exposed-uninfected-infants
#16
Adriana Weinberg, Marisa M Mussi-Pinhata, Qilu Yu, Rachel A Cohen, Volia C Almeida, Fabiana Amaral, Jorge Pinto, Maria L B Teixeira, Regina C M Succi, Laura Freimanis, Jennifer S Read, George Siberry
OBJECTIVE: HIV-exposed uninfected infants (HEUs) have frequent severe infection, hospitalization and death. We performed a serologic investigation to determine the role of common childhood respiratory pathogens in the excess incidence of infections in HEUs. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of mother-infant pairs. METHODS: Among 247 HEUs and 88 HIV-unexposed uninfected (HUU) infant-mother pairs, we measured maternal antibodies to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and pneumococcus (PNC 1, 5, 6B, 14); infant antibodies to RSV, influenza A (Flu), parainfluenza viruses (PIV 1, 2, 3), and PNC 1, 5, 6B and 14 were measured at 0 and 6 months, and anti-tetanus antibodies at 6 months...
January 4, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057521/biodegradable-nanoparticle-delivery-of-inactivated-swine-influenza-virus-vaccine-provides-heterologous-cell-mediated-immune-response-in-pigs
#17
Santosh Dhakal, Jagadish Hiremath, Kathryn Bondra, Yashavanth S Lakshmanappa, Duan-Liang Shyu, Kang Ouyang, Kyung-Il Kang, Basavaraj Binjawadagi, Jonathan Goodman, Kairat Tabynov, Steven Krakowka, Balaji Narasimhan, Chang Won Lee, Gourapura J Renukaradhya
Swine influenza virus (SwIV) is one of the important zoonotic pathogens. Current flu vaccines have failed to provide cross-protection against evolving viruses in the field. Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) is a biodegradable FDA approved polymer and widely used in drug and vaccine delivery. In this study, inactivated SwIV H1N2 antigens (KAg) encapsulated in PLGA nanoparticles (PLGA-KAg) were prepared, which were spherical in shape with 200 to 300nm diameter, and induced maturation of antigen presenting cells in vitro...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048980/-flu-vaccination-by-community-pharmacists
#18
EDITORIAL
A Astier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043486/tuberculosis-in-children
#19
Ali Akbar Velayati
Tuberculosis (TB) is the main cause of infection-related death in the world. Children make up ∼5-15% of all TB cases. Severe forms of disease such as meningitis and disseminated form are more common in children. Due to current estimates of World Health Organization (WHO) in 2015, one million children suffer from TB around the world; of these, it is estimated that more than 136,000 die a year. One study estimated 67million children with latent TB which develops to active form with the rate of ∼850,000 each year...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031259/contact-travel-and-transmission-the-impact-of-winter-holidays-on-influenza-dynamics-in-the-united-states
#20
Anne Ewing, Elizabeth C Lee, Cécile Viboud, Shweta Bansal
BACKGROUND: The seasonality of influenza is thought to vary according to environmental factors and human behavior. During winter holidays, potential disease-causing contact and travel deviate from typical patterns, and we aim to understand these changes on age-specific and spatial flu transmission. METHODS: We characterized the changes to transmission and epidemic trajectories among children and adults in a spatial context before, during, and after the winter holidays among aggregated physician medical claims in the United States from 2001 to 2009 and among synthetic data simulated from a deterministic, age-specific spatial metapopulation model...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
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