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Flu vaccine

Surendra Kumar
BACKROUND: The outbreak of H1N1 virus had previously reported in India during 2009 flu pandemic. In 2015, the outbreak became widespread throughout India. The states of Gujarat and Rajasthan are severely elected. We studied an outbreak of H1N1 Virus in north-west zone of Rajasthan 2015. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the current epidemiological scenario of swine flu (H1N1) in north-west zone of Rajasthan with different demographic factors. METHODS: We screened total 6390 patients...
July 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Kimberly N Weaver, Michael D Kappelman, Robert S Sandler, Christopher F Martin, Wenli Chen, Kristen Anton, Millie D Long
BACKGROUND: As variation in care has previously been linked to quality, we aimed to describe variations in inflammatory bowel diseases care by gastroenterology (GI) practice setting. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study within the Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America Partners and used bivariate analyses to compare patient characteristics by GI practice setting (GI-academic [GIA], GI-private, or GI-other). Regression models were used to describe the effects of provider type on steroid use, disease activity, and the quality of life...
November 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Adelaide R Murray, Rosemary M Caron
BACKGROUND: The American College Health Association's, National College Health Assessment (ACHA's NCHA) estimates 46.1% of college students reported being vaccinated in the last year. OBJECTIVE: 1) To understand the college student's knowledge, attitude, and beliefs in regards to influenza vaccination; 2) To establish recommendations in a population where high risk transmission does not consistently translate into high vaccination rates. METHODS: Utilizing the health belief model (HBM), a cross-sectional study of college student perspectives of influenza vaccination was conducted...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Markus Elsner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2016: Nature Biotechnology
C L Kirkdale, G Nebout, M Taitel, J Rubin, I Jacinto, R Horta, F Megerlin, T Thornley
Improving influenza vaccination coverage has been, and still remains a challenge internationally. There are now many examples where countries have pursued a pharmacist-led influenza vaccination service in order to enhance vaccination coverage of at-risk populations. England, Portugal and the United States are successful examples where their experience implementing this service can now be explored retrospectively and learnt from. This review aims to provide evidence to help overcome barriers to commissioning and implementation of such services in countries new to the experience...
October 4, 2016: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
C L Kirkdale, G Nebout, F Megerlin, T Thornley
Seasonal influenza is a major cause of excess winter deaths and increased hospital admissions. There is a high level of economic burden associated with the infection. Although vaccination targets have been set to tackle this international issue, many countries struggle to reach these coverage targets for their at-risk populations using traditional delivery methods. Traditional providers include family doctors and nurses; however, pharmacist-led influenza vaccination has become a more commonly utilised aid to support vaccination targets...
October 4, 2016: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
Richard K Zimmerman, Mary Patricia Nowalk, Jessie Chung, Michael L Jackson, Lisa A Jackson, Joshua G Petrie, Arnold S Monto, Huong Q McLean, Edward A Belongia, Manjusha Gaglani, Kempapura Murthy, Alicia M Fry, Brendan Flannery
BACKGROUND:  The circulating A/H3N2 influenza viruses drifted significantly after the selection of strains for the 2014-2015 influenza vaccines. Also in 2014-2015, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommended preferential use of live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) over inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) among children 2-8 years old. METHODS:  Vaccine effectiveness (VE) across age groups and vaccine types was examined among individuals seeking outpatient treatment for acute respiratory illness from 5 U...
October 4, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Sunmi Lee, Gerardo Chowell
The impact of optimal control strategies in the context of seasonally varying infectious disease transmission remains a wide open area of research. We investigate optimal control strategies for flu-like epidemics using an SIR (susceptible-infectious-recovered) type epidemic model where the transmission rate varies seasonally together with treatment and vaccination strategies. Specifically, we explore optimal control strategies using time-dependent treatment and vaccination as control functions alone or in combination...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Theoretical Biology
Cath Jackson, Lisa Dyson, Helen Bedford, Francine M Cheater, Louise Condon, Annie Crocker, Carol Emslie, Lana Ireland, Philippa Kemsley, Susan Kerr, Helen J Lewis, Julie Mytton, Karen Overend, Sarah Redsell, Zoe Richardson, Christine Shepherd, Lesley Smith
BACKGROUND: Gypsies, Travellers and Roma (referred to as Travellers) are less likely to access health services, including immunisation. To improve immunisation rates, we need to understand what helps and hinders individuals in these communities in taking up immunisations. AIMS: (1) Investigate the barriers to and facilitators of acceptability and uptake of immunisations among six Traveller communities across four UK cities; and (2) identify possible interventions to increase uptake of immunisations in these Traveller communities that could be tested in a subsequent feasibility study...
September 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Alban Fouasson-Chailloux, Benoit Metayer, Pierre Menu, Lydie Khatchatourian, Joelle Glemarec, Marc Dauty
OBJECTIVE: The loosening of total joint replacement is a frequent complication after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Septic osteolysis should always be feared. We report here a rare case of hip arthroplasty infection due to Mycobacterium bovis after Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) therapy in a context of bladder cancer. OBSERVATIONS: A 70-year-old man was referred to the department of rheumatology in September 2015, because of a total functional disability of the left lower limb...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Doug Campos-Outcalt
ACIP now advises against using the LAIV nasal spray. In addition, 2 new vaccines are available and 2 more may soon be approved.
September 2016: Journal of Family Practice
Samantha B Meyer, Stephanie K Lu, Laurie Hoffman-Goetz, Bryan Smale, Heather MacDougall, Alex R Pearce
Seasonal flu vaccine uptake has fallen dramatically over the past decade in Ontario, Canada, despite promotional efforts by public health officials. Media can be particularly influential in shaping the public response to seasonal flu vaccine campaigns. We therefore sought to identify the nature of the relationship between risk messages about getting the seasonal flu vaccine in newspaper coverage and the uptake of the vaccine by Ontarians between 2001 and 2010. A content analysis was conducted to quantify risk messages in newspaper content for each year of analysis...
October 2016: Journal of Health Communication
Clara Crunkhorn, Mieke van Driel, Van Nguyen, Treasure McGuire
AIM: This study explored consumer knowledge gaps and concerns regarding medication use in children. METHODS: Calls concerning or made by people under 18 to the pharmacist-operated, national consumer medicines call centre National Prescribing Service Medicines Line (2002 to June 2010) were analysed. Calls were classified and narratively explored by age group: <1, 1-4, 5-14 and 15-17 years. Consumer Medication Information (CMI) and evidence-based resources were examined to determine information concordance for common questions...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Yaniv Hanoch, Jonathan J Rolison, Alexandra M Freund
Across adulthood, people face increasingly more risky medical problems and decisions. However, little is known about changes in medical risk taking across adulthood. Therefore, the current cross-sectional study investigated age-related differences in medical risk taking with N = 317 adults aged 20-77 years using newly developed scenarios to assess medical risk taking, and additional measures designed to evaluate risk-taking behavior in the medical domain. Greater expected benefits on the Domain-Specific Risk-Taking Scale-Medical (DOSPERT-M) predicted more active risk taking, whereas higher perceived risk predicted less active risk taking...
September 23, 2016: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
Jacqui Wise
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Carlo Signorelli, Anna Odone, Alessia Miduri, Paola Cella, Cesira Pasquarella, Armando Gozzini, Pasquale Tamburrino, Enrico Castellacci
Scant data is available on immunization policies and practices among professional athletes. Following up on a recent review on the topic, we conducted a survey among Italian Serie A soccer teams during the influenza season 2015-16, to explore vaccination practices and attitudes as well as influenza vaccine uptake. The survey covered a sample of over 600 professional athletes from 20 teams and was carried out in collaboration with the Italian Association of Physicians of Professional Football Teams (L.A.M.I...
September 13, 2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Giuseppe La Torre, Alice Mannocci, Vittoria Colamesta, Valeria D'Egidio, Cristina Sestili, Antonietta Spadea
BACKGROUND: The risk of getting influenza and pneumococcal disease is higher in cancer patients, and serum antibody levels tend to be lower in patients with hematological malignancy. OBJECTIVE: To assess flu and pneumococcal vaccinations efficacy, effectiveness, and safety in onco-hematological patients. METHODS: Two systematic reviews and possible meta-analysis were conducted to summarize the results of all primary study in the scientific literature about the flu and pneumococcal vaccine in onco-hematological patients...
2016: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
N B Cleton, K van Maanen, S A Bergervoet, N Bon, C Beck, G-J Godeke, S Lecollinet, R Bowen, D Lelli, N Nowotny, M P G Koopmans, C B E M Reusken
The genus Flavivirus in the family Flaviviridae includes some of the most important examples of emerging zoonotic arboviruses that are rapidly spreading across the globe. Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), West Nile virus (WNV), St. Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV) and Usutu virus (USUV) are mosquito-borne members of the JEV serological group. Although most infections in humans are asymptomatic or present with mild flu-like symptoms, clinical manifestations of JEV, WNV, SLEV, USUV and tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) can include severe neurological disease and death...
September 15, 2016: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
Daniel B Hawcutt, Nicki-Jayne Russell, Hannah Maqsood, Koushan Kouranloo, Simon Gomberg, Catriona Waitt, Andrew Sharp, Andrew Riordan, Mark A Turner
AIMS: The UK Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) runs a national spontaneous reporting system (Yellow Card [YC] Scheme) to collect 'suspected' adverse drug reaction (ADR) data. We aim to describe the content and utility of YC reports received for patients aged <2 years. METHODS: Data on all ADRs reported using YC in Infants aged <2 years from the years 2001-10 were supplied by the MHRA. RESULTS: For infants age <2 years, 3496 suspected ADRs were reported using YC (Paternal medication pre-conception n = 3, transplacental n = 246, transmammary n = 30, neonates n = 97, infant n = 477, and vaccinations n = 2673), averaging 0...
September 6, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Kaissar Tabynov, Mukhit Orynbayev, Gourapura J Renukaradhya, Abylai Sansyzbay
In this study, we explored possibility of increasing the protective efficacy of our novel influenza viral vector based B. abortus vaccine (Flu-BA) in pregnant heifers by adapting an innovative method of vaccine delivery. We administered the vaccine concurrently via the conjunctival and subcutaneous routes to pregnant heifers, and these routes were previously tested individually. The Flu-BA vaccination of pregnant heifers (n=9) against a challenge B. abortus 544 infection provided protection from abortion, infection of heifers and fetuses/calves by 88...
September 30, 2016: Vaccine
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