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Fabiana Ranielle de Siqueira Nogueira, Aline de Freitas Brito, Caio Victor Coutinho de Oliveira, Thaiza Isidro Vieira, Rachel Linka Beniz Gouveia
This cross-sectional, quantitative, exploratory study investigated the prevalence and profile of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) users amongst a convenience sample of 510 bodybuilders from 52 gyms, in João Pessoa, Brazil, with a structured questionnaire containing selected questions about socioeconomic and training variables on the use of AAS. Data were analyzed using frequency and chi-square tests. AAS prevalence use was 20.6%; mostly young men (98.1%), of a low education level (46.7%), who trained for more than 4 years (49...
July 2014: Substance Use & Misuse
Renato A Martins, Guilherme A S Gomes, Odair Aguiar, Carla C Medalha, Daniel A Ribeiro
The aim of the present study was to evaluate DNA damage (micronucleus) and cellular death (pyknosis, karyolysis and karyorrhexis) in exfoliated buccal mucosa cells from anabolic steroid users after 2 months of exposure. Two experimental groups consisting of 15 adult males who practise weight lifting and are anabolic steroid users or 15 adult males who practise weight lifting, but are non-anabolic steroid users, were recruited. In addition, 20 sedentary males, who do not practise any physical activity regularly, were matched by age with experimental groups...
December 2010: Steroids
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1964: O Hospital
V Cirimele, P Kintz, B Ludes
A sensitive, specific and reproducible method for the quantitative determination of stanozolol in human hair has been developed. The sample preparation involved a decontamination step of the hair with methylene chloride and the sonication in methanol of 100 mg of powdered hair for 2 h. After elimination of the solvent, the hair sample was solubilized in 1 ml 1 M NaOH, 15 min at 95 degrees C, in the presence of 10 ng stanozolol-d3 used as internal standard. The homogenate was neutralized and extracted using consecutively a solid-phase (Isolute C18) and a liquid-liquid (pentane) extraction...
April 14, 2000: Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Sciences and Applications
C J Glueck, R E McMahon, J E Bouquot, T Tracy, L Sieve-Smith, P Wang
OBJECTIVES: In a preliminary pilot study of 30 treatments in 26 patients with osteonecrosis of the jaws and chronic disabling facial pain, our specific aim was to determine whether, to what degree, and how safely therapy of hypofibrinolysis and thrombophilia would ameliorate the chronic pain associated with osteonecrosis of the mandible and maxilla. STUDY DESIGN: Thrombophilia was treated with Coumadin (DuPont) in 10 patients; hypofibrinolysis was treated with Winstrol (Sanofi-Winthrop) in 20 patients, including 4 who had mixed thrombophilia and hypofibrinolysis and had previously been treated with Coumadin...
January 1998: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics
T Gannon
Early recognition and treatment of life-threatening dermatoses can reduce morbidity and mortality. Pemphigus vulgaris can usually be brought under control with high doses of corticosteroids. In cases of necrotizing fasciitis, early, extensive debridement of involved tissue is essential, since antibiotic therapy alone has little effect. Patients with toxic epidermal necrolysis and occasionally those with Stevens-Johnson syndrome may need care similar to that required for a major burn. Therapy for toxic shock syndrome includes aggressive fluid replacement and beta lactamase-resistant antistaphylococcal antibiotics...
July 1994: Postgraduate Medicine
R Tricker, M R O'Neill, D Cook
The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of anabolic steroid use among competitive male and female bodybuilders in Kansas and Missouri. A profile was established for users and non-users of anabolic steroids. The results of this study indicated that more than half of the male bodybuilders (54%) were using steroids on a regular basis compared to 10 percent of the female competitors. The types of steroid used were investigated and revealed that on average, four different types of anabolic steroid were used during the year, with individual use ranging from one to fifteen different types; including Dianabol, Deca Durabolin, Anavar, Testosterone, Androl 50, Winstrol, Primobolan, Equipoise, Finaject, Parabolin, HCG, Primacetate, Enanthate, Halotestin, and Maxibolin, in order of the most to least frequently used...
1989: Journal of Drug Education
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