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Chi kung

Tzung-Jiun Tsai, Hoi-Hung Chan, Kwok-Hung Lai, Chih-An Shih, Sung-Shuo Kao, Wei-Chih Sun, E-Ming Wang, Wei-Lun Tsai, Kung-Hung Lin, Hsien-Chung Yu, Wen-Chi Chen, Huay-Min Wang, Feng-Woei Tsay, Huey-Shyan Lin, Jin-Shiung Cheng, Ping-I Hsu
BACKGROUND: In patients with common bile duct stones (CBDS) and intact gallbladder, further management for the gallbladder after the CBDS clearance is still controversial. The relationship between gallbladder motility and the biliary complications were seldom discussed. Our study is to predict the subsequent biliary complications by gallbladder function test using fatty meal sonography (FMS) in patients with CBDS who had been treated by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)...
February 27, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
Yen-Cheng Lin, Chin Lee, Shih-Huang Lee, Yin-Yu Lee, Yuan T Lee, Chien-Ming Tseng, Chi-Kung Ni
Phenol is an important model molecule for the theoretical and experimental investigation of dissociation in the multistate potential energy surfaces. Recent theoretical calculations [X. Xu et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136, 16378 (2014)] suggest that the phenoxyl radical produced in both the X and A states from the O-H bond fission in phenol can contribute substantially to the slow component of photofragment translational energy distribution. However, current experimental techniques struggle to separate the contributions from different dissociation pathways...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
A Walther, T J Lacker, U Ehlert
BACKGROUND: Higher age is associated to a variety of physical and mental disorders. Age-related changes in steroid secretion have been suggested to be an underlying mechanism leading to frailty, depression, and sexual dysfunction. However, Tai chi qigong and similar forms of exercise have been shown to improve a great variety of health-related parameters in older individuals. METHODS: We examined 56 self-reporting healthy men actively practicing Tai chi qigong and/or self-defense Kung-fu and 55 age-matched self-reporting healthy controls...
February 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Chia-Chi Kung, Shiou-Sheng Chen, Hong-Jyh Yang, Chih-Jun Lai, Li-Kuei Chen
OBJECTIVE: The mechanism through which neuroaxial morphine causes pruritus has not been elucidated clearly and thoroughly. MATERIALS AND METHODS: a study in 129 female parturients was conducted to investigate the effect of 14 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on phenotype (pruritus) induced by neuroaxial (including intrathecal or epidural) morphine for cesarean section. Clinical phenotype, subjective complaints and objective observations were recorded. DNA from blood samples was used to record the SNPs...
February 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Chia-Lung Kao, I-Lin Hsu
PURPOSE: Suicide becomes a serious problem in today's society and hanging is a common method of suicide. We want to find the factors which can predict the final functional outcomes of these cases. METHODS: All patients who presented to Accident and Emergency Department (ED) of the National Cheng Kung University Hospital from 1st January 2005 to 31th December 2013 with a hanging injury were included in this study. All cases were divided into good outcome group and bad outcome group according to Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS)...
January 31, 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
Sheng-Kai Tong, Po-Wei Chi, Shu-Hsiang Kung, Da-Hua Wei
Stress variation induced bandgap tuning and surface wettability switching of spinel nickel ferrite (NiFe2O4, NFO) films were demonstrated and directly driven by phase transition via a post-annealing process. Firstly, the as-deposited NFO films showed hydrophilic surface with water contact angle (CA) value of 80 ± 1°. After post-annealing with designed temperatures ranged from 400 to 700 °C in air ambience for 1 hour, we observed that the crystal structure was clearly improved from amorphous-like/ nanocrystalline to polycrystalline with increasing post-annealing temperature and this phenomenon is attributed to the improved crystallinity combined with relaxation of internal stress...
January 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
Chun-Hsien Lee, Fong-Ching Chang, Sheng-Der Hsu, Hsueh-Yun Chi, Li-Jung Huang, Ming-Kung Yeh
BACKGROUND: While self-medication is common, inappropriate self-medication has potential risks. This study assesses inappropriate self-medication among adolescents and examines the relationships among medication literacy, substance use, and inappropriate self-medication. METHOD: In 2016, a national representative sample of 6,226 students from 99 primary, middle, and high schools completed an online self-administered questionnaire. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to examine factors related to inappropriate self-medication...
2017: PloS One
Hsu Chen Hsu, Chia Yen Liew, Shih-Pei Huang, Shang-Ting Tsai, Chi-Kung Ni
Oligosaccharides have diverse functions in biological systems. However, the structural determination of oligosaccharides remains difficult and has created a bottleneck in carbohydrate research. In this study, a new approach for the de novo structural determination of underivatized oligosaccharides is demonstrated. A low-energy collision-induced dissociation (CID) of sodium ion adducts was used to facilitate the cleavage of desired chemical bonds during the dissociation. The selection of fragments for the subsequent CID was guided using a procedure that we built from the understanding of the saccharide dissociation mechanism...
March 2018: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Chi-Jung Huang, Fa-Kung Lee, Shao-Kuan Chen, Chih-Cheng Chien, Sheng-Tang Wu, Yen-Chieh Wang
Ketamine is an ionotropic glutamatergic N‑methyl‑D‑aspartate receptor antagonist, which is widely used among recreational drug abusers. Ketamine abusers exhibit substantially reduced bladder capacity, which can lead to urinary frequency. The molecular pathogenesis of ketamine‑induced cystitis has been scarcely reported. Given previous clinical findings, it may be hypothesized that pathological alterations in smooth muscle cells (SMCs) of the urinary bladder serve a crucial role in the mechanism underlying cystitis...
February 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Hsi-Kung Kuo, Yi-Hao Chen, Yu-Hsia Kuo, Mu-Chan Ke, Ya-Chi Tseng, Pei-Chang Wu
PURPOSE: Failure of retinal detachment surgery is most commonly due to the development of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). Everolimus is an inhibitor of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), and is available as oral tablets. In this study, we investigated the effect of everolimus on retinal pigment epithelial cells and modification of the severity of experimental PVR. METHODS: In our in vitro studies, primary culture of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells was obtained from pigmented Rex rabbits...
March 2018: Current Eye Research
Shan-Chi Hsieh, Jung-Hao Wang, Yu-Chen Lai, Ching-Yeuh Su, Kung-Ta Lee
Medium- and long-chain 1-alkanol and α,ω-alkanediols are used in personal care products, in industrial lubricants, and as precursors for polymers synthesized for medical applications. The industrial production of α,ω-alkanediols by alkane hydroxylation primarily occurs at high temperature and pressure using heavy metal catalysts. However, bioproduction has recently emerged as a more economical and environmentally friendly alternative. Among alkane monooxygenases, CYP153A from Marinobacter aquaeolei VT8 (CYP153A M...
February 15, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Yi-Long Huang, Zhao-Qing Shen, Chia-Yu Wu, Yuan-Chi Teng, Chen-Chung Liao, Cheng-Heng Kao, Liang-Kung Chen, Chao-Hsiung Lin, Ting-Fen Tsai
Skeletal muscle has emerged as one of the most important tissues involved in regulating systemic metabolism. The gastrocnemius is a powerful skeletal muscle composed of predominantly glycolytic fast-twitch fibers that are preferentially lost among old age. This decrease in gastrocnemius muscle mass is remarkable during aging; however, the underlying molecular mechanism is not fully understood. Strikingly, there is a ~70% decrease in Cisd2 protein, a key regulator of lifespan in mice and the disease gene for Wolfram syndrome 2 in humans, within the gastrocnemius after middle age among mice...
November 23, 2017: Aging Cell
Tong-Hong Wang, Chi-Hao Wu, Chau-Ting Yeh, Shih-Chi Su, Shih-Min Hsia, Kung-Hao Liang, Chin-Chuan Chen, Chuen Hsueh, Chi-Yuan Chen
Melatonin is the primary pineal hormone that relays light/dark cycle information to the circadian system. It was recently reported to exert intrinsic antitumor activity in various cancers. However, the regulatory mechanisms underlying the antitumor activity of melatonin are poorly understood. Moreover, a limited number of studies have addressed the role of melatonin in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), a major life-threatening malignancy in both sexes in Taiwan. In this study, we investigated the antitumor effects of melatonin in HCC and explored the regulatory mechanisms underlying these effects...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
Yu-Hua Dean Fang, Tzu-Pei Su, Chi-Jen Chang, Kung-Chu Ho, May Su, Tzu-Chen Yen
The purpose of this study was to investigate if a novel parameter, the stress-to-rest ratio of the signal-to-noise ratio (RSNR) obtained with a cadmium zinc telluride (CZT) SPECT scanner, could be used to distinguish triple-vessel disease (TVD) patients. Methods. One hundred and two patients with suspected coronary artery disease were retrospectively involved. Each subject underwent a Tl-201 SPECT scan and subsequent coronary angiography. Subjects were separated into TVD (n = 41) and control (n = 61) groups based on coronary angiography results using 50% as the stenosis cutoff...
2017: Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging
Chun-Sheng Ho, Yu-Tang Tung, Woon-Man Kung, Wen-Ching Huang, Wing-Ki Leung, Chi-Chang Huang, Jyh-Horng Wu
In this study, Coriolus versicolor mycelia (CVM) was evaluated the ergogenic and anti-fatigue activities. Male ICR mice were divided into four groups (n = 8/group) to receive vehicle or CVM by oral gavage for 4 weeks at 0, 615, 1230 or 3075 mg/kg/day, which were respectively designated the vehicle, CVM-1X, CVM-2X and CVM-5X groups. Forelimb grip strength, endurance swimming time, and levels of physical fatigue-associated parameters serum lactate, ammonia, glucose and creatine kinase (CK) after physical challenge were performed to evaluate exercise performance and anti-fatigue activity...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
Chin-Chou Wang, Chia-Cheng Tseng, Huang-Chih Chang, Kuo-Tung Huang, Wen-Feng Fang, Yu-Mu Chen, Cheng-Ta Yang, Chang-Chun Hsiao, Meng-Chih Lin, Chi-Kung Ho, Hon-Kan Yip
We investigated whether circulating microparticles (MPs) could serve as prognostic biomarkers in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. We enrolled 25 control subjects and 136 NSCLC patients categorized into disease-progression (DP, n=42) and disease-control (DC, n=94) groups. Flow cytometric analysis showed that levels of four types of circulating microparticles (EDAc-MPs, EDAp-MPs, PDAc-MPs and PDAp-MPs) were higher in the study patients than the control subjects (P < 0.04). DP patients showed poor initially performance status and more non-adenocarcinomas than DC patients...
September 29, 2017: Oncotarget
Guan-Ling Chou, Shu-Fen Peng, Ching-Lung Liao, Heng-Chien Ho, Kung-Wen Lu, Jin-Cherng Lien, Ming-Jen Fan, Kuang-Chi La, Jing-Gung Chung
Casticin, a polymethoxyflavone, present in natural plants, has been shown to have biological activities including anti-cancer activities. Herein, we investigated the anti-oral cancer activity of casticin on SCC-4 cells in vitro. Viable cells, cell cycle distribution, apoptotic cell death, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and Ca(2+) production, levels of ΔΨm and caspase activity were measured by flow cytometric assay. Cell apoptosis associated protein expressions were examined by Western blotting and confocal laser microscopy...
November 3, 2017: Environmental Toxicology
Yung-Cheng Huang, Wei-Chiao Chang, Ya-Han Shan, Chao-Yi Lin, Chao-Ling Wang, Chia-Yen Dai, Chi-Kung Ho, Ming-Tsang Wu, Hung-Yi Chuang
BACKGROUND: Lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), and arsenic (As) could cause health issues through oxidative stress that is indicated in the elevated tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α). However, some of the essential elements-selenium (Se), zinc (Zn), cobalt (Co), and copper (Cu)-are cofactors or structural components of antioxidant enzymes. It is suggested that single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the TNF-α gene have different TNF-α responses. This study aims to evaluate the effect of serum TNF-α levels through the interactions between toxic metals and essential elements and how the interactions between the toxic metals and TNF-α SNPs (-1031 T > C, -863 C > A, -857 C > T, -308 G > A, -238 G > A) influence serum TNF-α levels...
October 2017: Epidemiology
Chung Jung Lin, Huai Che Yang, Ai Chi Chien, Wan Yuo Guo, Chih Chun Wu, Sheng Che Hung, Ko Kung Chen, Hsiu Mei Wu, Chao Bao Luo, Wei Fa Chu, Jia Sheng Hong, Chun Shien Frank Wu
BACKGROUND: Time-resolved rotational angiography (t-RA) enables interventionists to better comprehend complex arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), thereby facilitating endovascular treatment. However, its use in evaluating hemodynamic changes has rarely been explored. OBJECTIVE: This study uses t-RA to estimate intravascular flow in patients with AVM to compare this with flow in the normal population. METHODS: Patients with available t-RA scans were prospectively categorized into one of three groups: hemorrhagic AVM, non-hemorrhagic AVM and control...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Chien-Fang Tseng, Nan-Chang Chiu, Ching-Ying Huang, Daniel Tsung-Ning Huang, Lung Chang, Yen-Hsin Kung, Fu-Yuan Huang, Hsin Chi
BACKGROUND: Campylobacter and Non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) are the two most common bacterial pathogens associated with acute gastroenteritis in children. This study aims to elucidate the epidemiology of Campylobacter and NTS gastroenteritis and develop a scoring system to differentiate them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled 886 children ≤18 years of age, hospitalized due to acute gastroenteritis with stool culture-proven Campylobacter or NTS infection from July 2012 to December 2015...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
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