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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043705/quality-of-life-and-its-influencing-factors-of-couples-referred-to-an-infertility-center-in-shiraz-iran
#1
Bahia Namavar Jahromi, Mahsa Mansouri, Sedighe Forouhari, Tahere Poordast, Alireza Salehi
Background: Infertility adversely affects quality of life (QoL). The present study aims to evaluate QoL and its associated factors among infertile couples. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the Fertility QoL (FertiQoL) instrument was used to measure QoL among 501 volunteer couples who attended the Infertility Clinic at the Mother and Child Hospital, Shiraz, Iran. We used an additional questionnaire to assess participants' demographic and clinical characteristics...
January 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039681/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-services-in-the-military-health-system
#2
Patricia M Herman, Melony E Sorbero, Ann C Sims-Columbia
OBJECTIVES: Surveys of military personnel indicate substantial use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) that possibly exceeds use in the general U.S. POPULATION: Although military treatment facilities (MTFs) are known to offer CAM, surveys do not indicate where service members receive this care. This study offers a comprehensive system-wide accounting of the types of CAM offered across the military health system (MHS), the conditions for which it is used, and its level of use...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033727/ultrasound-assessment-of-cranial-spread-during-caudal-blockade-in-children-effect-of-different-volumes-of-local-anesthetic
#3
Chandni Sinha, Amarjeet Kumar, Shalini Sharma, Akhilesh Kumar Singh, Somak Majumdar, Ajeet Kumar, Nishant Sahay, Bindey Kumar, U K Bhadani
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided caudal block injection is a simple, safe, and effective method of anesthesia/analgesia in pediatric patients. The volume of caudal drug required has always been a matter of debate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This present prospective, randomized, double-blinded study aimed to measure extent of the cranial spread of caudally administered levobupivacaine in Indian children by means of real-time ultrasonography. Ninety American Society of Anesthesiologists I/II children scheduled for urogenital surgeries were enrolled in this trial...
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030410/shame-and-the-vulnerable-self-in-medical-contexts-the-compassionate-solution
#4
Paul Gilbert
Shame is a powerful experience that plays a vital role in a whole range of aspects of the clinical encounter. Shame experiences can have an impact on our psychological and physiological state and on how we experience ourselves, others and our relationships. The medical encounter is an obvious arena for shame because we are presenting (aspects of) our bodies and minds that can be seen as unattractive and undesirable, diseased, decayed and injured with the various excretions that typically might invite disgust...
October 13, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028803/scale-of-body-connection-a-multi-sample-construct-validation-study
#5
Cynthia J Price, Elaine Adams Thompson, Sunny Chieh Cheng
The Scale of Body Connection (SBC) was created to address the need for a self-report measure to examine body awareness and bodily dissociation in mind-body research. Developed in the U.S.A., it has been translated into many languages and tested for validity of scale translation. The burgeoning of mind-body research and the widespread use of the SBC scale underscored the need for critical assessment of the instrument's measurement properties. Thus, a broader evaluation of the SBC was designed using large samples from eight international, cross-sectional studies drawn from community (i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028446/out-of-objectification-limelight-the-contribution-of-body-appreciation-to-sexual-adjustment-in-midlife-women
#6
Anne-Rose Robbins, Elke D Reissing
According to objectification theory, women become culturally desexualized during midlife and have the opportunity to let go of their propensity to self-objectify. In young women, self-objectification is negatively related to sexual adjustment. Yet little is known about what could ameliorate this relationship or whether it continues after midlife. Body appreciation (i.e., acceptance and positive regard for the body) has been substantiated as a contributor to improved sexual adjustment in young and older women alike...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025059/mindfulness-for-chronic-low-back-pain-a-qualitative-analysis
#7
José G Luiggi-Hernandez, Jean Woo, Megan Hamm, Carol M Greco, Debra K Weiner, Natalia E Morone
Objective: Mindfulness is a nonpharmacologic mind-body therapy that has been shown to be effective in older adults with chronic low back pain (cLBP). There are few first-person accounts in the literature that describe the older adult experience and perspective while learning mindfulness and meditation to treat pain. The objective of this study was to investigate dominant themes present in the experiences of older adults applying mindfulness and meditation to cope with cLBP. Design: Qualitative analysis of four focus groups...
August 16, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023254/the-lived-experience-of-gynecologic-cancer-survivors-in-taiwan
#8
Li-Yun Tsai, Kung-Liahng Wang, Shu-Yuan Liang, Jung-Mei Tsai, Shiow-Luan Tsay
BACKGROUND: Although it is now possible to achieve permanent remission in a large percentage of gynecologic cancer (GC) cases, many GC patients in remission experience side effects or complications that influence their physical function and family relationships. Compared with other types of cancer patients, survivors of GC face greater challenges in terms of physical and psychological adaptations, and many of these do not receive sufficient assistance. An in-depth understanding of the lived experiences and demands of GC survivors is key to constructing comprehensive related healthcare services...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021770/the-differential-effects-of-mindfulness-and-distraction-on-affect-and-body-satisfaction-following-food-consumption
#9
Alice Tsai, Elizabeth K Hughes, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Kimberly Buck, Isabel Krug
This study investigated whether engaging in mindfulness following food consumption produced changes in affect and body satisfaction, as compared to a control distraction task. The moderating effects of eating pathology and neuroticism were also examined. A total of 110 female university students consumed food and water before engaging in either a mindfulness induction or a control distraction task. Participants completed trait measures of eating pathology and neuroticism at baseline, and measures of state affect and body satisfaction before and after food consumption, and after the induction...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020106/can-tai-chi-training-impact-fractal-stride-time-dynamics-an-index-of-gait-health-in-older-adults-cross-sectional-and-randomized-trial-studies
#10
Brian J Gow, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Brad Manor, Lewis A Lipsitz, Eric A Macklin, Paolo Bonato, Vera Novak, Chung-Kang Peng, Andrew C Ahn, Peter M Wayne
PURPOSE: To determine if Tai Chi (TC) has an impact on long-range correlations and fractal-like scaling in gait stride time dynamics, previously shown to be associated with aging, neurodegenerative disease, and fall risk. METHODS: Using Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (DFA), this study evaluated the impact of TC mind-body exercise training on stride time dynamics assessed during 10 minute bouts of overground walking. A hybrid study design investigated long-term effects of TC via a cross-sectional comparison of 27 TC experts (24...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994478/treatment-of-developmental-stress-disorder-mind-body-and-brain-analysis-and-pharmacology-coupled
#11
Joseph McFadden
The schism between psychiatry, psychology and analysis, while long present, has widened even more in the past half-century with the advances in psychopharmacology. With the advances in electronic brain imaging, particularly in developmental and post-traumatic stress disorders, there has emerged both an understanding of brain changes resulting from severe, chronic stress and an ability to target brain chemistry in ways that can relieve clinical symptomatology. The use of alpha-1 adrenergic brain receptor antagonists decreases many of the manifestations of PTSD...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994385/-physical-rehabilitation-train-the-brain
#12
Bruno Bonnechère
Since centuries, scientists, clinicians and philosophers have been debating about the interactions between the body and the mind. Researches and advances in neurophysiology over the last decades have challenged many principles and theories, mainly based on empirical observations, generally well accepted in clinical practice. These new findings, achieved through functional "magnetic resonance imaging", awake brain surgery and allow new techniques and opportunities in physical rehabilitation. More than ever the body and the brain must be considered and treated as a functional entity, the distinction between body and soul developed by Platon should no longer be applied...
October 2017: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987079/effectiveness-of-biofield-therapy-for-patients-diagnosed-with-fibromyalgia
#13
Fernando Sarmento, Hideaki Tanaka, Eduarda Cordeiro, Kiyoshi Suzuki
Context • Fibromyalgia (FM) is a disorder with an unknown etiology; symptoms include physical and psychological stress, widespread chronic pain, insomnia, and depression. Mind-body medicine and aerobic exercise have shown positive effects for symptom control. Several studies have reported positive effects for biofield therapy for FM, but when other studies have compared the treatment with a sham control, they have not found those beneficial effects. Objective • The study intended to examine the effects of a biofield therapy called Okada purifying therapy on patients' FM symptoms...
October 2, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986207/the-role-of-the-temporoparietal-junction-tpj-in-action-observation-agent-detection-rather-than-visuospatial-transformation
#14
Moritz F Wurm, Ricarda I Schubotz
Recognizing and understanding the actions of others is usually coupled with perceiving someone else's body movements from a third person perspective (3pp) whereas we perceive our own actions from a first person perspective (1pp). From a neural viewpoint, a recent finding is that perceiving actions from a 3pp as compared to a 1pp activates the temporoparietal junction, a brain region associated with visuospatial transformation and perspective taking but also with mental state inference and Theory of Mind (ToM)...
October 3, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984504/comment-on-long-term-benefits-by-a-mind-body-medicine-skills-course-on-perceived-stress-and-empathy-among-medical-and-nursing-students
#15
Alexander Hunt, George Sismey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983518/evidence-for-a-large-scale-brain-system-supporting-allostasis-and-interoception-in-humans
#16
Ian R Kleckner, Jiahe Zhang, Alexandra Touroutoglou, Lorena Chanes, Chenjie Xia, W Kyle Simmons, Karen S Quigley, Bradford C Dickerson, Lisa Feldman Barrett
Large-scale intrinsic brain systems have been identified for exteroceptive senses (e.g., sight, hearing, touch). We introduce an analogous system for representing sensations from within the body, called interoception, and demonstrate its relation to regulating peripheral systems in the body, called allostasis. Employing the recently introduced Embodied Predictive Interoception Coding (EPIC) model, we used tract-tracing studies of macaque monkeys, followed by two intrinsic functional magnetic resonance imaging samples (N = 280 and N = 270) to evaluate the existence of an intrinsic allostatic/interoceptive system in the human brain...
2017: Nature Human Behaviour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982039/whorling-sclerosing-meningioma-a-review-on-the-histological-features-of-a-rare-tumor-including-an-illustrative-case
#17
REVIEW
İlhan Elmaci, Meric Adil Altinoz, Aydin Sav, Fatih Han Bolükbaşı, Mustafa Önöz, Özdil Başkan, Ramazan Sari
Whorling-Sclerosing variant of meningioma (WSM) is a very rare variant of meningioma and only 28 cases were previously reported in the English medical literature. The term "whorling" describes different morphological features including psammoma bodies formed by precipitated calcium or by layered whorling sheets of tumor cells in meningothelial meningiomas. In WSM, the sclerosing structures are formed by typical paucicellular or acellular collagen whorls which form the majority of tumor volume. Hence, diagnosis of these tumors is based more often on morphological and histochemical features rather than on immunohistochemical findings...
September 28, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981919/mind-body-therapies-in-individuals-with-dementia-an-integrative-review
#18
Joel G Anderson, Carol E Rogers, Ann Bossen, Ingelin Testad, Karen M Rose
Mind-body therapies frequently derive from Eastern philosophies and are becoming increasingly popular. These therapies, such as meditation, yoga, tai chi, qigong, biofield therapies, and guided imagery, have many reported benefits for improving symptoms and physiological measures associated with various chronic diseases. However, clinical research data concerning the effectiveness of these practices in individuals with dementia have not been evaluated using a synthesis approach. Thus, an integrative review was conducted to evaluate studies examining the efficacy of mind-body therapies as supportive care modalities for management of symptoms experienced by individuals with dementia...
October 5, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981306/unpacking-smokers-beliefs-about-addiction-and-nicotine-a-qualitative-study
#19
Sarah E Johnson, Blair Coleman, Greta K Tessman, Denise M Dickinson
Evidence suggests that consumers correctly identify nicotine as addictive; however, many may also harbor misconceptions about its harmfulness. The majority of this evidence is based on survey data, however, which may be prone to some limitations. In the current study, we employed qualitative methods to examine, in their own words, smokers' beliefs about nicotine and addiction. Twelve 1-hr focus groups were conducted in 3 cities in the United States (Columbus, OH; New Orleans, LA; and Washington, DC) from October to November, 2014...
October 5, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981182/development-and-psychometric-testing-the-health-of-body-mind-and-spirit-scale-hbmss-for-assessing-individuals-who-have-drug-abuse-histories
#20
Fan-Ko Sun, Chun-Ying Chiang, Chu-Yun Lu, Pei-Jane Yu, Tzu-Chiao Liao, Chu-Mei Lan
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop the Health of Body, Mind and Spirit Scale (HBMSS), which was designed to assess drug abusers' health condition. BACKGROUND: Helping drug abusers to become healthy is important to healthcare professionals. However, no instrument exists to assess drug abusers' state of health. DESIGN: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was implemented to examine the validity of the HBMSS. METHODS: Data were collected from 2015 to 2016 at one drug abuse prevention centre in Taiwan...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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