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Mind Body

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690786/feasibility-study-to-assess-the-effect-of-a-brief-mindfulness-intervention-for-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Linda Perkins-Porras, Muhammad Riaz, Adeoba Okekunle, Svitlana Zhelezna, Indranil Chakravorty, Michael Ussher
Psychological distress is common among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This study aimed to assess whether a 10-minute mindfulness intervention reduces distress and breathlessness, improves mood and increases mindfulness among hospital inpatients following acute exacerbation of COPD.Fifty patients were recruited following an acute admission. The immediate effects of a 10-minute mindfulness-based body scan were compared with a control intervention. Participants were randomized to receive either a mindfulness-based body scan ( n = 24) or a control condition ( n = 26) via a 10-minute audio recording...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690281/invasion-of-a-holarctic-planktonic-cladoceran-daphnia-galeata-sars-crustacea-cladocera-in-the-lower-lakes-of-south-australia
#2
Dmitry P Karabanov, Eugeniya I Bekker, Russell J Shiel, Alexey A Kotov
We found a Holarctic microcrustacean Daphnia galeata Sars, 1863 (Cladocera: Daphniidae) in the Lower Lakes of South Australia. This taxon was never detected in continental Australia before. Its identity was confirmed by the sequences of mitochondrial COI, 12S and 16S and nuclear 18S and 28S genes. A maximum likelihood tree from a dataset from combining 12S + 16S mitochondrial sequence and a split network of the COI haplotypes are provided, but resolution of both genes is not sufficient to reveal the exact region of the Holarctic from where D...
March 27, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681975/mind-body-therapies-for-african-american-women-at-risk-for-cardiometabolic-disease-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Candace C Johnson, Karen M Sheffield, Roy E Brown
Background: A major determinant in cardiometabolic health is metabolic syndrome (MetS), a cluster of symptoms that portend the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). As mind-body therapies are thought to help in lowering physiological and environmental CVD risk factors including blood pressure and psychological stress, they may also be beneficial for the primary prevention of CVD. Objectives: To synthesize and summarize existing knowledge on the effectiveness of mind-body therapies on MetS outcomes in African-American (AA) women, a US subpopulation at high risk for CVD...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681805/characterization-of-sensory-motor-behavior-under-cognitive-load-using-a-new-statistical-platform-for-studies-of-embodied-cognition
#4
Jihye Ryu, Elizabeth B Torres
The field of enacted/embodied cognition has emerged as a contemporary attempt to connect the mind and body in the study of cognition. However, there has been a paucity of methods that enable a multi-layered approach tapping into different levels of functionality within the nervous systems (e.g., continuously capturing in tandem multi-modal biophysical signals in naturalistic settings). The present study introduces a new theoretical and statistical framework to characterize the influences of cognitive demands on biophysical rhythmic signals harnessed from deliberate, spontaneous and autonomic activities...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678474/the-impact-of-body-awareness-on-women-s-sexual-health-a-comprehensive-review
#5
REVIEW
Brooke N Seal, Cindy M Meston
INTRODUCTION: Body awareness has been linked to female sexual response in laboratory manipulation studies and is used in clinical settings to ameliorate sexual difficulties. AIM: To evaluate and review the literature on body awareness and female sexual function. METHODS: A literature review was conducted through PsycInfo, PsycARTICLES, and PubMed using terms such as body awareness and sexual function. A manual search also was conducted using reference lists...
April 17, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674369/do-conceptualisations-of-health-differ-across-social-strata-a-concept-mapping-study-among-lay-people
#6
Karien Stronks, Nancy Hoeymans, Beatrijs Haverkamp, Frank R J den Hertog, Marja J H van Bon-Martens, Henrike Galenkamp, Marcel Verweij, Hans A M van Oers
OBJECTIVES: The legitimacy of policies that aim at tackling socioeconomic inequalities in health can be challenged if they do not reflect the conceptualisations of health that are valued in all strata. Therefore, this study analyses how different socioeconomic groups formulate their own answers regarding: what does health mean to you? DESIGN: Concept mapping procedures were performed in three groups that differ in educational level. All procedures followed exactly the same design...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673837/movements-of-older-adults-during-exergaming-interventions-that-are-associated-with-the-systems-framework-for-postural-control-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Robin Tahmosybayat, Katherine Baker, Alan Godfrey, Nick Caplan, Gill Barry
One in three older adults fall annually, in part due to impairments in the physiological systems that make up the postural control (PC) system. Exercise, particularly balance training, helps to prevent deterioration and even to improve outcomes in the PC system. Exergaming (exercise-gaming) is interactive computer gaming whereby an individual moves the body in response to onscreen cues in a playful format. Exergaming is an alternative method to standard practice for improving PC outcomes, which has been shown to reduce the risk of falling...
May 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667260/tai-chi-improves-brain-metabolism-and-muscle-energetics-in-older-adults
#8
Min Zhou, Huijun Liao, Lasya P Sreepada, Joshua R Ladner, James A Balschi, Alexander P Lin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Tai Chi is a mind-body exercise that has been shown to improve both mental and physical health. As a result, recent literature suggests the use of Tai Chi to treat both physical and psychological disorders. However, the underlying physiological changes have not been characterized. The aim of this pilot study is to assess the changes in brain metabolites and muscle energetics after Tai Chi training in an aging population using a combined brain-muscle magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) examination...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663894/coenzyme-q10-in-cardiovascular-and-metabolic-diseases-current-state-of-the-problem
#9
Vladlena I Zozina, Serghei Covantev, Olga A Goroshko, Liudmila M Krasnykh, Vladimir G Kukes
The burden of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases is increasing with every year. Although the management of these conditions has improved greatly over the years it is still far from perfect. With all of this in mind, there is a need for new methods of prophylaxis and treatment. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is an essential compound of the human body. There is growing evidence that CoQ10 is tightly linked to cardiometabolic disorders. Its supplementation can be useful in a variety of chronic and acute disorders. This review analyses the role of CoQ10 in hypertension, ischemic heart disease, myocardial infarction, heart failure, viral myocarditis, cardiomyopathies, cardiac toxicity, dyslipidemia, obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, cardiac procedures and resuscitation...
April 15, 2018: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663496/comparison-of-wear-between-occlusal-splint-materials-and-resin-composite-materials
#10
Marisol Reyes Sevilla, Ruud H Kuijs, Arie Werner, Cornelis J Kleverlaan, Frank Lobbezoo
Tooth wear in bruxing patients often results in a need for treatment with composite restorations. In some cases, bruxing patients receive an occlusal splint as a protective means as well. However, the wear between these opposing materials has not been investigated yet. The aim of this in-vitro study was to assess the wear of different splint materials against resin composite materials. A two-body wear test was conducted using the ACTA wear machine. The materials selected for this study were three composites used for direct restorations (Filtek Z250, CLEARFIL AP-X, and Filtek Supreme XT) and four occlusal splints materials, viz...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662331/psychosocial-distress-and-the-preferred-method-of-delivery-of-mind-body-interventions-among-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#11
Pinky Budhrani-Shani, Nicole G Chau, Donna L Berry
Objective: To describe the psychosocial distress of head-and-neck cancer patients at the completion of therapy and the interest in and the preferred method of delivery of mind-body interventions (MBIs) among head-and-neck cancer patients. Materials and methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional design was used to measure sleep disturbance, depression, anxiety, and the interest in and the preference for MBIs using anonymous, self-report questionnaires among a convenience sample of 30 males at their 3-month follow-up...
2018: Patient related Outcome Measures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659151/story-making-as-methodology-disrupting-dominant-stories-through-multimedia-storytelling
#12
Carla Rice, Ingrid Mündel
In this essay, we discuss multimedia story-making methodologies developed through Re•Vision: The Centre for Art and Social Justice that investigates the power of the arts, especially story, to positively influence decision makers in diverse sectors. Our story-making methodology brings together majority and minoritized creators to represent previously unattended experiences (e.g., around mind-body differences, queer sexuality, urban Indigenous identity, and Inuit cultural voice) with an aim to building understanding and shifting policies/practices that create barriers to social inclusion and justice...
April 16, 2018: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655657/the-mindful-eating-behavior-scale-development-and-psychometric-properties-in-a-sample-of-dutch-adults-aged-55-years-and-older
#13
Laura H H Winkens, Tatjana van Strien, Juan Ramón Barrada, Ingeborg A Brouwer, Brenda W J H Penninx, Marjolein Visser
BACKGROUND: Earlier scales on mindful eating do not measure mindful eating independent from emotional or external eating, or mindful eating in common situations. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to develop a new instrument to measure the attention element of mindful eating, the Mindful Eating Behavior Scale (MEBS), and to compute the internal structure, reliabilities, and convergent validity of this scale. DESIGN: A cross-sectional ancillary study within the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam was conducted between fall 2014 and spring 2015...
April 11, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651545/extracardiac-18-f-florbetapir-imaging-in-patients-with-systemic-amyloidosis-more-than-hearts-and-minds
#14
T Wagner, J Page, M Burniston, A Skillen, J C Ross, R Manwani, D McCool, P N Hawkins, Ashutosh D Wechalekar
PURPOSE: 18 F-Florbetapir has been reported to show cardiac uptake in patients with systemic light-chain amyloidosis (AL). This study systematically assessed uptake of 18 F-florbetapir in patients with proven systemic amyloidosis at sites outside the heart. METHODS: Seventeen patients with proven cardiac amyloidosis underwent 18 F-florbetapir PET/CT imaging, 15 with AL and 2 with transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTR). Three patients had repeat scans. All patients had protocolized assessment at the UK National Amyloidosis Centre including imaging with 123 I-serum amyloid P component (SAP)...
April 12, 2018: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649516/-mom-quit-fat-talking-i-m-trying-to-eat-mindfully-here-evaluating-a-sociocultural-model-of-family-fat-talk-positive-body-image-and-mindful-eating-in-college-women
#15
Jennifer B Webb, Courtney B Rogers, Lena Etzel, Meagan P Padro
A growing evidence base confirms sociocultural theory's predictions regarding the influence of direct exposure to family factors (e.g., parental commentary) in promoting disordered eating behavior as mediated by negative body image. Nevertheless, this model has not been specifically applied to investigating indirect or vicarious exposure to family communications (e.g., negative body talk) in estimating mindful eating behavior via positive body image intervening variables. Therefore, to address this gap the present study provided a preliminary evaluation of the indirect effects of overhearing family fat talk through both body appreciation and functional body appreciation in predicting mindful eating among undergraduate females...
April 9, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643930/the-physical-body-experiences-questionnaire-simplified-for-active-aging-pbe-qag
#16
Giulia Cossu, Emilio Loi, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Alessia Bramanti
Background: The physical activity has been indicated as an experience that can help achieve positive, self-oriented own body awareness. This awareness is an aspect that tends to get worse with age. Objective: Our study aims to verify the internal consistency of a questionnaire on physical awareness in a sample of Italian elders; a secondary objective is to measure if there is a relationship between physical awareness and perceived level of physical activity. Methods: Cross sectional study on a consecutive sample of elderly people was administered the "Physical Body Experiences Questionnaire simplified for active aging (PBE-QAG)", inspired by the "Physical Body Experiences Questionnaire", modified, simplified and adapted to be used in the elderly over 65...
2018: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625603/postural-awareness-and-its-relation-to-pain-validation-of-an-innovative-instrument-measuring-awareness-of-body-posture-in-patients-with-chronic-pain
#17
Holger Cramer, Wolf E Mehling, Felix J Saha, Gustav Dobos, Romy Lauche
BACKGROUND: Habitual postural patterns are associated with musculoskeletal pain, and improving a maladaptive posture requires postural awareness in order to lead to clinical improvements. This study aimed to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of an innovative postural awareness scale. METHODS: A 12-item Postural Awareness Scale (PAS) was developed and administered to 512 chronic pain patients (50.3 ± 11.4 years, 91.6% female, 37.1% spinal/shoulder pain) to assess its factor structure and reliability...
April 6, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622015/empathy-is-proprioceptive-the-bodily-fundament-of-empathy-a-philosophical-contribution-to-medical-education
#18
Florian Schmidsberger, Henriette Löffler-Stastka
BACKGROUND: The current philosophical debate on empathy entails accounts of theory of mind and simulation as well as a phenomenological opposition. The first focuses on a detached observation of others from a 3rd person perspective and formulates the common claim that there is no direct access to the mental and emotional life of others, only simulation or analogy can grant access to the emotions and behaviour of others. The philosophical respectively phenomenological account of Fuchs instead opposes by focusing personal interaction within a 1st or 2nd person perspective claiming that the emotions of others are experienceable through bodily expression and bodily resonance...
April 5, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620401/perspective-mistaking-accurately-understanding-the-mind-of-another-requires-getting-perspective-not-taking-perspective
#19
Tal Eyal, Mary Steffel, Nicholas Epley
Taking another person's perspective is widely presumed to increase interpersonal understanding. Very few experiments, however, have actually tested whether perspective taking increases accuracy when predicting another person's thoughts, feelings, attitudes, or other mental states. Those that do yield inconsistent results, or they confound accuracy with egocentrism. Here we report 25 experiments testing whether being instructed to adopt another person's perspective increases interpersonal insight. These experiments include a wide range of accuracy tests that disentangle egocentrism and accuracy, such as predicting another person's emotions from facial expressions and body postures, predicting fake versus genuine smiles, predicting when a person is lying or telling the truth, and predicting a spouse's activity preferences and consumer attitudes...
April 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616846/specific-transcriptome-changes-associated-with-blood-pressure-reduction-in-hypertensive-patients-after-relaxation-response-training
#20
Manoj K Bhasin, John W Denninger, Jeff C Huffman, Marie G Joseph, Halsey Niles, Emma Chad-Friedman, Roberta Goldman, Beverly Buczynski-Kelley, Barbara A Mahoney, Gregory L Fricchione, Jeffery A Dusek, Herbert Benson, Randall M Zusman, Towia A Libermann
OBJECTIVE: Mind-body practices that elicit the relaxation response (RR) have been demonstrated to reduce blood pressure (BP) in essential hypertension (HTN) and may be an adjunct to antihypertensive drug therapy. However, the molecular mechanisms by which the RR reduces BP remain undefined. DESIGN: Genomic determinants associated with responsiveness to an 8-week RR-based mind-body intervention for lowering HTN in 13 stage 1 hypertensive patients classified as BP responders and 11 as nonresponders were identified...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
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