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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145463/the-chicken-or-the-egg-exploring-bi-directional-associations-between-newcastle-disease-vaccination-and-village-chicken-flock-size-in-rural-tanzania
#1
Julia de Bruyn, Peter C Thomson, Brigitte Bagnol, Wende Maulaga, Elpidius Rukambile, Robyn G Alders
Newcastle disease (ND) is a viral disease of poultry with global importance, responsible for the loss of a potential source of household nutrition and economic livelihood in many low-income food-deficit countries. Periodic outbreaks of this endemic disease result in high mortality amongst free-ranging chicken flocks and may serve as a disincentive for rural households to invest time or resources in poultry-keeping. Sustainable ND control can be achieved through vaccination using a thermotolerant vaccine administered via eyedrop by trained "community vaccinators"...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145102/remediation-of-a-soil-chronically-contaminated-with-hydrocarbons-through-persulfate-oxidation-and-bioremediation
#2
Rocío Medina, Pedro Maximiliano David Gara, Antonio José Fernández-González, Janina Alejandra Rosso, María Teresa Del Panno
The impact of remediation combining chemical oxidation followed by biological treatment on soil matrix and microbial community was studied, of a chronically hydrocarbon contaminated soil sourced from a landfarming treatment. Oxidation by ammonium persulfate produced a significant elimination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and an increase in PAH bioavailability. Organic-matter oxidation mobilized nutrients from the soil matrix. The bacterial populations were affected negatively, with a marked diminution in the diversity indices...
November 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144432/climate-change-and-schools-environmental-hazards-and-resiliency
#3
Perry E Sheffield, Simone A M Uijttewaal, James Stewart, Maida P Galvez
The changing climate is creating additional challenges in maintaining a healthy school environment in the United States (U.S.) where over 50 million people, mostly children, spend approximately a third of their waking hours. Chronic low prioritization of funds and resources to support environmental health in schools and lack of clear regulatory oversight in the U.S. undergird the new risks from climate change. We illustrate the extent of risk and the variation in vulnerability by geographic region, in the context of sparse systematically collected and comparable data particularly about school infrastructure...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144106/cognitive-reserve-as-a-variable-impacting-the-effectiveness-of-rehabilitation-on-balance-in-parkinson-s-disease
#4
Giulia Piccinini, Isabella Imbimbo, Diego Ricciardi, Daniele Coraci, Claudia Santilli, Maria R Lo Monaco, Claudia Loreti, Maria C Vulpiani, Maria C Silveri, Luca Padua
BACKGROUND: Cognitive reserve (CR) can be considered an active expression of brain resilience in response to damage. Several studies have shown the influence of CR on cognitive impairment and its relationship with cognitive function in Parkinson's disease (PD). AIM: To show if CR influences the effectiveness of balance rehabilitation in PD patients who performed a conventional rehabilitative treatment. DESIGN: Observational longitudinal study...
November 16, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143929/a-comparison-of-the-energetic-cost-of-running-in-marathon-racing-shoes
#5
Wouter Hoogkamer, Shalaya Kipp, Jesse H Frank, Emily M Farina, Geng Luo, Rodger Kram
BACKGROUND: Reducing the energetic cost of running seems the most feasible path to a sub-2-hour marathon. Footwear mass, cushioning, and bending stiffness each affect the energetic cost of running. Recently, prototype running shoes were developed that combine a new highly compliant and resilient midsole material with a stiff embedded plate. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if, and to what extent, these newly developed running shoes reduce the energetic cost of running compared with established marathon racing shoes...
November 16, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143889/beyond-pathologizing-harm-understanding-ptsd-in-the-context-of-war-experience
#6
Patricia Benner, Jodi Halpern, Deborah R Gordon, Catherine Long Popell, Patricia W Kelley
An alternative to objectifying approaches to understanding Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) grounded in hermeneutic phenomenology is presented. Nurses who provided care for soldiers injured in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, and sixty-seven wounded male servicemen in the rehabilitation phase of their recovery were interviewed. PTSD is the one major psychiatric diagnosis where social causation is established, yet PTSD is predominantly viewed in terms of the usual neuro-physiological causal models with traumatic social events viewed as pathogens with dose related effects...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143763/intellectual-functioning-in-offspring-of-parents-with-bipolar-disorder-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
REVIEW
Bonnie Klimes-Dougan, Jake Jeong, Kevin P Kennedy, Timothy A Allen
Impaired intellectual functioning is an important risk factor for the emergence of severe mental illness. Unlike many other forms of mental disorder however, the association between bipolar disorder and intellectual deficits is unclear. In this narrative review, we examine the current evidence on intellectual functioning in children and adolescents at risk for developing bipolar disorder. The results are based on 18 independent, peer-reviewed publications from 1980 to 2017 that met criteria for this study. The findings yielded no consistent evidence of lower or higher intellectual quotient (IQ) in offspring of parents diagnosed with bipolar disorder...
October 28, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143601/morphological-description-and-dna-barcoding-study-of-sand-rice-agriophyllum-squarrosum-chenopodiaceae-collected-in-kazakhstan
#8
Yuliya Genievskaya, Saule Abugalieva, Aibatsha Zhubanysheva, Yerlan Turuspekov
BACKGROUND: Sand rice (Agriophyllum squarrosum (L.) Moq.) is an annual shrub-like plant adapted to the mobile sand dunes in desert and semi-desert regions of Asia. It has a balanced nutrient composition with relatively high concentration of lipids and proteins, which results in its nutrition being similar to legumes. Sand rice's proteins contain the full range of essential amino acids. However, calories content is more similar to wheat. These features together with desert stress resistance make sand rice a potential food crop resilient to ongoing climate change...
November 14, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142759/forced-migrants-involved-in-setting-the-agenda-and-designing-research-to-reduce-impacts-of-complex-emergencies-combining-swarm-with-patient-and-public-involvement
#9
Julii Suzanne Brainard, Enana Al Assaf, Judith Omasete, Steve Leach, Charlotte C Hammer, Paul R Hunter
Plain English summary: The UK's National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Health Protection Research Unit in Emergency Preparedness and Response was asked to undertake research on how to reduce the impact of complex national/international emergencies on public health. How to focus the research and decide on priority topics was challenging, given the nature of complex events. Using a type of structured brain-storming, the researchers identified the ongoing UK, European and international migration crisis as both complex and worthy of deeper research...
2017: Res Involv Engagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141907/emergency-versus-standard-response-time-efficacy-of-london-s-air-ambulance-rapid-response-vehicle
#10
Marius Rehn, Gareth Davies, Paul Smith, David Lockey
OBJECTIVE: The potential increased risk of an emergency response using a rapid response vehicle (RRV) should only be accepted when it allows a clinically significant time saving for management of patients who are critically injured or sick. Air ambulance services often use an RRV to maintain operational resilience. We compared the RRV response time on emergency versus standard driving to inform emergency services of time efficacy of emergency response in an urban environment. METHODS: Prospective observational controlled study of response data of emergency and standard driving...
November 15, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141642/doing-implementation-research-on-health-governance-a-frontline-researcher-s-reflexive-account-of-field-level-challenges-and-their-management
#11
Gupteswar Patel, Surekha Garimella, Kerry Scott, Shinjini Mondal, Asha George, Kabir Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Implementation Research (IR) in and around health systems comes with unique challenges for researchers including implementation, multi-layer governance, and ethical issues. Partnerships between researchers, implementers, policy makers and community members are central to IR and come with additional challenges. In this paper, we elaborate on the challenges faced by frontline field researchers, drawing from experience with an IR study on Village Health Sanitation and Nutrition Committees (VHSNCs)...
November 15, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141459/factors-associated-with-caregivers-resilience-in-a-terminal-cancer-care-setting
#12
In Cheol Hwang, Young Sung Kim, Yong Joo Lee, Youn Seon Choi, Sun Wook Hwang, Hyo Min Kim, Su-Jin Koh
BACKGROUND: Resilience implies characteristics such as self-efficacy, adaptability to change, optimism, and the ability to recover from traumatic stress. Studies on resilience in family caregivers (FCs) of patients with terminal cancer are rare. This study aims to examine the factors associated with FCs' resilience in a terminal cancer care setting. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of 273 FCs from 7 hospice and palliative care units in Korea. Resilience was categorized as high and low, and factors associated with resilience were grouped or categorized into subscales...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141100/religiosity-and-psychological-resilience-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-an-international-cross-sectional-study
#13
Y Mizuno, A Hofer, B Frajo-Apor, F Wartelsteiner, G Kemmler, S Pardeller, T Suzuki, M Mimura, W W Fleischhacker, H Uchida
OBJECTIVE: The impact of religious/spiritual activities on clinical outcomes in patients with serious mental illnesses remains controversial, which was addressed in this international cross-sectional study. METHOD: Three-hundred sixty-nine subjects were recruited from Austria (n = 189) and Japan (n = 180), consisting of 112 outpatients with paranoid schizophrenia, 120 with bipolar I disorder (DSM-IV), and 137 healthy controls. Religiosity was assessed in terms of attendance and importance of religious/spiritual activities, while resilience was assessed using the 25-item Resilience Scale...
November 15, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139325/the-applicability-of-resilience-training-to-the-mitigation-of-trauma-related-mental-illness-in-military-personnel-formula-see-text
#14
Summer R Thompson, Sarah Dobbins
BACKGROUND: Ongoing participation by the United States in military operations around the world places military personnel at an increased potential for exposure to trauma, which may directly result in an increased risk for mental health issues. It is important to develop and test new approaches to prevent and mitigate the effects of trauma in military personnel. One such area of research is focused on psychological resilience to prevent the sequelae of trauma. OBJECTIVES: This article examines empirical research of resilience training in military personnel and discusses the potential applicability of such training in this population...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138360/defang-aces-end-toxic-stress-by-developing-resilience-through-physician-community-partnerships
#15
REVIEW
Amanda Jichlinski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137456/highly-stretchable-conductors-based-on-expanded-graphite-macro-confined-in-tubular-rubber
#16
Wei Luo, Tongfei Wu, Biqiong Chen, Mei Liang, Huawei Zou
Highly stretchable and durable conductors are significant to the development of wearable devices, robots, human-machine interfaces and other artificial intelligence products. Although many respectable methods have been reported, it is still a challenge to fabricate stretchable conductors with a large elastic limit, high conductivity and excellent reliability in rapid, effective and economic ways. Herein, a facile method is offered to fabricate high-performance stretchable tubular conductors (TCs) based on a macro-confined structure of expanded graphite (EG) in rubber tubing by simply physical packing...
November 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135441/mentalizing-attachment-and-epistemic-trust-how-psychotherapy-can-promote-resilience
#17
Peter Fonagy, Chloe Campbell
No abstract available.
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135386/timing-of-diagnosis-understanding-resilience-narratives-of-hiv-positive-older-adults-diagnosed-pre-and-post-haart
#18
Lesley M Harris, Charles A Emlet, Christina Pierpaoli Parker, Charles Furlotte
BACKGROUND: Despite the growing population of older adults living with HIV/AIDS, few studies have examined this population in terms of timing of HIV diagnosis. This study explores resilience and protective factors among HIV-positive older adults, 17 of whom were diagnosed prior to the development of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), and 13 of whom were diagnosed after the development HAART. METHODS: We explored the concepts of resilience and protective factors in 30 older adults living with HIV in Ontario, Canada...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134659/annual-research-review-the-persistent-and-pervasive-impact-of-being-bullied-in-childhood-and-adolescence-implications-for-policy-and-practice
#19
REVIEW
Louise Arseneault
BACKGROUND: We have known for some time that being bullied was associated with children's and adolescents' adjustment difficulties and well-being. In recent years, we have come to recognise that the impact of childhood bullying victimisation on the development of mental health problems is more complex. This paper aims to review the evidence for an independent contribution of childhood bullying victimisation to the development of poor outcomes throughout the life span, including mental, physical and socioeconomic outcomes, and discuss the implications for policy and practice...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134149/the-response-of-soil-microbial-communities-to-variation-in-annual-precipitation-depends-on-soil-nutritional-status-in-an-oligotrophic-desert
#20
Cristina Montiel-González, Yunuen Tapia-Torres, Valeria Souza, Felipe García-Oliva
Background: Soil microbial communities (SMC) play a central role in the structure and function of desert ecosystems. However, the high variability of annual precipitation could results in the alteration of SMC and related biological processes depending on soil water potential. The nature of the physiological adjustments made by SMC in order to obtain energy and nutrients remains unclear under different soil resource availabilities in desert ecosystems. In order to examine this dynamic, the present study examined the effects of variation in annual precipitation on physiological adjustments by the SMC across two vegetation-soil systems of different soil organic matter input in an oligotrophic desert ecosystem...
2017: PeerJ
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