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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110160/moderating-and-mediating-effects-of-resilience-between-childhood-trauma-and-depressive-symptoms-in-chinese-children
#1
Huisi Ding, Juan Han, Minli Zhang, Kaiqiao Wang, Jiangling Gong, Senbei Yang
BACKGROUND: Childhood trauma has been regarded as a risk factor for adolescent depression. Resilience has been found to be a protective factor for adolescent mental health. However, it is not clear about the role of resilience in the relationship between childhood trauma and depression. METHODS: School attending adolescents (n=6406) aged 9-17 years were drawn from five primary schools, three middle schools and two high schools in Wuhan city of China in 2015. The participants were invited to complete self-report questionnaires, including demographics, childhood trauma, resilience and depressive symptoms...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110113/a-photo-voice-perspective-on-factors-contributing-to-the-resilience-of-hiv-positive-yoruba-adolescent-girls-in-nigeria
#2
Catherine O Adegoke, Miemsie G Steyn
There is a growing discourse worldwide on the impact of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) on "at risk youths". In response, five HIV-positive Nigerian adolescent girls were qualitatively investigated in collaboration with a non-governmental organisation (NGO) in Ibadan, an urban settlement in Nigeria in 2013. Using a secondary data analysis from a photo voice component of the research, combined with narratives, we show that participants possess the capacity to overcome their adversities from the effects of HIV infection and remain resilient...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109699/associations-among-resilience-posttraumatic-growth-anxiety-and-depression-and-their-prediction-from-stress-in-newly-diagnosed-people-living-with-hiv
#3
Helena Garrido-Hernansaiz, Jesús Alonso-Tapia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109597/weather-influences-feed-intake-and-feed-efficiency-in-a-temperate-climate
#4
Davina L Hill, Eileen Wall
A key goal for livestock science is to ensure that food production meets the needs of an increasing global population. Climate change may heighten this challenge through increases in mean temperatures and in the intensity, duration, and spatial distribution of extreme weather events, such as heat waves. Under high ambient temperatures, livestock are expected to decrease dry matter intake (DMI) to reduce their metabolic heat production. High yielding dairy cows require high DMI to support their levels of milk production, but this may increase susceptibility to heat stress...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108873/does-employment-related-resilience-affect-the-relationship-between-childhood-adversity-community-violence-and-depression
#5
Seth L Welles, Falguni Patel, Mariana Chilton
Depression is a barrier to employment among low-income caregivers receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), and adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and exposure to community violence (ECV) are often associated with depression. Using baseline data of 103 TANF caregivers of young children of the Building Wealth and Health Network Randomized Controlled Trial Pilot, this study investigated associations of two forms of employment-related resilience-self-efficacy and employment hope-with exposure to adversity/violence and depression, measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) short form...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108714/brexit-potential-opportunities-potential-risks
#6
(no author information available yet)
▪ Identifying opportunities and risks that might arise from the UK's exit from the European Union▪ Managing mental health issues and building resilient teams▪ Supporting efforts to eliminate rabiesThese were among matters discussed by the BVA Council at its meeting on December 7, 2016. The BVA President, Gudrun Ravetz, chaired the meeting, which was held at the BVA's headquarters in Mansfield Street, London.
January 21, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108253/dcc-haploinsufficiency-regulates-dopamine-receptor-expression-across-postnatal-lifespan
#7
Matthew Pokinko, Alanna Grant, Florence Shahabi, Yvan Dumont, Colleen Manitt, Cecilia Flores
Adolescence is a period during which the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) undergoes significant remodeling. The netrin-1 receptor, DCC, controls the extent and organization of mPFC dopamine connectivity during adolescence and in turn directs mPFC functional and structural maturation. Dcc haploinsufficiency leads to increased mPFC dopamine input, which causes improved cognitive processing and resilience to behavioral effects of stimulant drugs of abuse. Here we examine the effects of Dcc haploinsufficiency on the dynamic expression of dopamine receptors in forebrain targets of C57BL6 mice...
January 17, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108235/the-use-of-bacteriophages-to-biocontrol-oral-biofilms
#8
Szymon P Szafrański, Andreas Winkel, Meike Stiesch
Infections induced by oral biofilms include caries, as well as periodontal, and peri-implant disease, and may influence quality of life, systemic health, and expenditure. As bacterial biofilms are highly resistant and resilient to conventional antibacterial therapy, it has been difficult to combat these infections. An innovative alternative to the biocontrol of oral biofilms could be to use bacteriophages or phages, the viruses of bacteria, which are specific, non-toxic, self-proliferating, and can penetrate into biofilms...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107344/psychotic-experiences-and-overhasty-inferences-are-related-to-maladaptive-learning
#9
Heiner Stuke, Hannes Stuke, Veith Andreas Weilnhammer, Katharina Schmack
Theoretical accounts suggest that an alteration in the brain's learning mechanisms might lead to overhasty inferences, resulting in psychotic symptoms. Here, we sought to elucidate the suggested link between maladaptive learning and psychosis. Ninety-eight healthy individuals with varying degrees of delusional ideation and hallucinatory experiences performed a probabilistic reasoning task that allowed us to quantify overhasty inferences. Replicating previous results, we found a relationship between psychotic experiences and overhasty inferences during probabilistic reasoning...
January 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107325/quality-of-life-and-resilience-exploring-a-fly-fishing-intervention-for-breast-cancer-survivors%C3%A2
#10
Barbara J Henry
BACKGROUND: The Casting for Recovery® therapeutic intervention provides a positive, nontraditional weekend experience for breast cancer survivors. Participants receive fly fishing instruction and participate in structured and unstructured therapeutic activities.
. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether breast cancer survivors had improved resilience and quality-of-life scores after program participation.
. METHODS: Participants completed the Quality of Life Breast Cancer questionnaire and Connor-
Davidson Resilience Scale two weeks before and three and six months after the retreats...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106817/value-based-caching-in-information-centric-wireless-body-area-networks
#11
Fadi M Al-Turjman, Muhammad Imran, Athanasios V Vasilakos
We propose a resilient cache replacement approach based on a Value of sensed Information (VoI) policy. To resolve and fetch content when the origin is not available due to isolated in-network nodes (fragmentation) and harsh operational conditions, we exploit a content caching approach. Our approach depends on four functional parameters in sensory Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs). These four parameters are: age of data based on periodic request, popularity of on-demand requests, communication interference cost, and the duration for which the sensor node is required to operate in active mode to capture the sensed readings...
January 19, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106572/training-in-positivity-for-stroke-a-qualitative-study-of-acceptability-of-use-of-positive-mental-training-posmt-as-a-tool-to-assist-stroke-survivors-with-post-stroke-psychological-problems-and-in-coping-with-rehabilitation
#12
Nahal Mavaddat, Sheila Ross, Alastair Dobbin, Kate Williams, Jonathan Graffy, Jonathan Mant
BACKGROUND: Post-stroke psychological problems predict poor recovery, while positive affect enables patients to focus on rehabilitation and may improve functional outcomes. Positive Mental Training (PosMT), a guided self-help audio shows promise as a tool in promoting positivity, optimism and resilience. OBJECTIVE: To assess acceptability of training in positivity with PosMT for prevention and management of post-stroke psychological problems and to help with coping with rehabilitation...
January 18, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106311/potential-applications-of-non-thermal-plasmas-against-biofilm-associated-microorganisms-in-vitro
#13
REVIEW
Pradeep Puligundla, Chulkyoon Mok
Biofilms as complex microbial communities attached to surfaces are posing several challenges in different sectors, ranging from food and healthcare to desalination and power generation. Biofilms survive in hostile environments due to a distinct physiology and behavior in comparison to their planktonic counterparts. They are ubiquitous, resilient, and difficult to eradicate due to their resistant phenotype. Several chemical-based cleaning and disinfection regimens are conventionally used against biofilm-dwelling microorganisms in vitro...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105891/friction-of-sodium-alginate-hydrogel-scaffold-fabricated-by-3-d-printing
#14
Qian Yang, Jian Li, Heng Xu, Shijun Long, Xuefeng Li
A rapid prototyping technology, formed by three-dimensional (3-D) printing and then crosslinked by spraying Ca(2+) solution, is developed to fabricate a sodium alginate (SA) hydrogel scaffold. The porosity, swelling ratio, and compression modulus of the scaffold are investigated. A friction mechanism is developed by studying the reproducible friction behavior. Our results show that the scaffold can have 3-D structure with a porosity of 52%. The degree of swelling of the SA hydrogel scaffold is 8.5, which is nearly the same as bulk SA hydrogel...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105778/psychosocial-screening-and-management-of-young-people-aged-18-25-years-with-diabetes
#15
Helen d'Emden, Brett McDermott, Neisha D'Silva, Tom Dover, Tatjana Ewais, Kristen Gibbons, Trisha O'Moore-Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Routine psychosocial screening and management of people with diabetes is recommended. AIMS: To profile demographic, medical and psychosocial characteristics of young people with diabetes, and to develop a screening tool and care pathway for routine use. METHODS: Indices of diabetes control and recorded diabetes complications were complimented by psychosocial screening tools assessing psychological, diabetes specific, and perceived stress (K10, PAID, PSS), well-being (WHO-5), disordered eating ((EDI-3RC), compensatory behaviour questionnaire, social support (MSPSS), resilience (CD-2) and financial concerns...
January 20, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105716/what-does-variation-in-primate-behavior-mean
#16
Karen B Strier
Interest in intraspecific behavioral variation has grown with concerns about the ability of primates to adapt to the rapidly changing ecological and demographic conditions that threaten their survival. Now, in addition to identifying the causes and phylogenetic distribution of normative, species-specific behavior patterns for interspecific comparisons, there is widespread recognition of the need to incorporate intraspecific variation. This variation is evident across groups and populations of the same species as well over the long histories of single groups of long-lived, socially complex animals with overlapping generations...
January 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105523/a-mindful-self-compassion-videoconference-intervention-for-nationally-recruited-posttreatment-young-adult-cancer-survivors-feasibility-acceptability-and-psychosocial-outcomes
#17
Rebecca A Campo, Karen Bluth, Sheila J Santacroce, Sarah Knapik, Julia Tan, Stuart Gold, Kamaira Philips, Susan Gaylord, Gary N Asher
PURPOSE: Young adult (YA) cancer survivors report substantial distress, social isolation, and body image concerns that can impede successful reintegration into life years after treatment completion. Mindful Self-Compassion (MSC) interventions focus on developing mindfulness and self-compassion for managing distress, hardships, and perceived personal inadequacies. An MSC intervention would be beneficial in supporting YA survivors' management of psychosocial challenges that arise in survivorship; however, a telehealth intervention modality is essential for reaching this geographically dispersed population...
January 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104411/brain-and-cognitive-reserve-translation-via-network-control-theory
#18
REVIEW
John Dominic Medaglia, Fabio Pasqualetti, Roy H Hamilton, Sharon L Thompson-Schill, Danielle S Bassett
Traditional approaches to understanding the brain's resilience to neuropathology have identified neurophysiological variables, often described as brain or cognitive "reserve," associated with better outcomes. However, mechanisms of function and resilience in large-scale brain networks remain poorly understood. Dynamic network theory may provide a basis for substantive advances in understanding functional resilience in the human brain. In this perspective, we describe recent theoretical approaches from network control theory as a framework for investigating network level mechanisms underlying cognitive function and the dynamics of neuroplasticity in the human brain...
January 16, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104054/caregiver-burden-among-caregivers-of-individuals-with-severe-mental-illness-testing-the-moderation-and-mediation-models-of-resilience
#19
Zamzaliza Abdul Mulud, Geraldine McCarthy
The association between the socio-demographic characteristics of caregivers, such as gender and caregiver burden, is well documented; however, the process underlying this relationship is poorly understood. Based on the stress process model, we designed a cross-sectional study to examine the mediating and moderating effect of resilience on the relationship between gender and caregiver burden. Caregivers of individuals with severe mental illness (n=201) were recruited in two psychiatric outpatient clinics in Malaysia...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103729/strategies-to-promote-resilience-empathy-and-well-being-in-the-health-professions-insights-from-the-2015-centile-conference
#20
Aviad Haramati, Sian Cotton, Jamie S Padmore, Hedy S Wald, Peggy A Weissinger
The high prevalence of physician burnout is of great concern and may begin with observed declines in empathy and increases in stress and burnout in medical and health professions students. While underlying causes have been described, there is less certainty on how to create effective interventions in curricula and workplace. In October 2015, The Center for Innovation and Leadership in Education (CENTILE) at Georgetown University, together with MedStar Health, Georgetown's clinical partner, and six academic institutions sponsored a conference in Washington, DC...
January 20, 2017: Medical Teacher
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