keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Resiliency

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432532/a-portable-battery-powered-microfluidic-impedance-cytometer-with-smartphone-readout-towards-personal-health-monitoring
#1
Niloy Talukder, Abbas Furniturewalla, Tuan Le, Matthew Chan, Shreyas Hirday, Xinnan Cao, Pengfei Xie, Zhongtian Lin, Azam Gholizadeh, Steve Orbine, Mehdi Javanmard
We present a portable system for personalized blood cell counting consisting of a microfluidic impedance cytometer and portable analog readout electronics, feeding into an analog-to-digital converter (ADC), and being transmitted via Bluetooth to a user-accessible mobile application. We fabricated a microfluidic impedance cytometer with a novel portable analog readout. The novel design of the analog readout, which consists of a lock-in-amplifier followed by a high-pass filter stage for subtraction of drift and DC offset, and a post-subtraction high gain stage, enables detection of particles and cells as small as 1 μm in diameter, despite using a low-end 8-bit ADC...
June 2017: Biomedical Microdevices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432280/small-molecules-targeting-histone-demethylase-genes-kdms-inhibit-growth-of-temozolomide-resistant-glioblastoma-cells
#2
Barbara Banelli, Antonio Daga, Alessandra Forlani, Giorgio Allemanni, Daniela Marubbi, Maria Pia Pistillo, Aldo Profumo, Massimo Romani
In glioblastoma several histone demethylase genes (KDM) are overexpressed compared to normal brain tissue and the development of Temozolomide (TMZ) resistance is accompanied by the transient further increased expression of KDM5A and other KDMs following a mechanism that we defined as "epigenetic resilience". We hypothesized that targeting KDMs may kill the cells that survive the cytotoxic therapy.We determined the effect of JIB 04 and CPI-455, two KDM inhibitors, on glioblastoma cells and found that both molecules are more effective against TMZ-resistant rather than native cells...
April 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429576/suppression-of-osmads7-in-rice-endosperm-stabilizes-amylose-content-under-high-temperature-stress
#3
Hua Zhang, Heng Xu, Mengjie Feng, Ying Zhu
High temperature significantly alters the amylose content of rice, resulting in mature grains with poor eating quality. However, only few genes and/or quantitative trait loci (QTLs) involved in this process have been isolated and the molecular mechanisms of this effect remain unclear. Here, we describe a floral organ identity gene, OsMADS7, involved in stabilizing rice amylose content at high temperature. OsMADS7 is greatly induced by high temperature at the early filling stage. Constitutive suppression of OsMADS7 stabilizes amylose content under high temperature stress but results in low spikelet fertility...
April 20, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429462/kinship-nomadism-and-humanitarian-aid-among-somalis-in-ethiopia
#4
Lauren Carruth
This paper draws on extended ethnographic and health policy research in eastern Ethiopia to reconsider kinship and nomadism among Somalis, as both of these cultural features transform in the contexts of recurrent humanitarian crises and episodic relief operations. The emergence and importance of new patterns of travel and migration among Somalis in Ethiopia reveal significant changes in the configurations and enactments of Somali kinship, on which many Somalis' mobility depends. Conversely, an analysis of Somalis' dynamic sub-clan groupings and geographically dispersed kinship networks also highlights emergent patterns of mobility and migration that enable access to training opportunities and employment with relief organisations, as well as to distributions of humanitarian aid...
April 21, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428427/microtubules-acquire-resistance-from-mechanical-breakage-through-intralumenal-acetylation
#5
Zhenjie Xu, Laura Schaedel, Didier Portran, Andrea Aguilar, Jérémie Gaillard, M Peter Marinkovich, Manuel Théry, Maxence V Nachury
Eukaryotic cells rely on long-lived microtubules for intracellular transport and as compression-bearing elements. We considered that long-lived microtubules are acetylated inside their lumen and that microtubule acetylation may modify microtubule mechanics. Here, we found that tubulin acetylation is required for the mechanical stabilization of long-lived microtubules in cells. Depletion of the tubulin acetyltransferase TAT1 led to a significant increase in the frequency of microtubule breakage. Nocodazole-resistant microtubules lost upon removal of acetylation were largely restored by either pharmacological or physical removal of compressive forces...
April 21, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428145/prior-treadmill-exercise-promotes-resilience-to-vicarious-trauma-in-rats
#6
Camila Kochi, Hesong Liu, Safiyya Zaidi, Fatin Atrooz, Phoebe Dantoin, Samina Salim
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a serious psychological condition, which can develop both from physically experiencing and also from witnessing traumatic events. There is evidence that physical exercise can have a positive impact on the symptoms of PTSD. Relevant to this, in our previous pre-clinical work, beneficial effects of treadmill exercise were reported on PTSD-like behaviors in a social defeat paradigm, a rat model of direct physical trauma. However, the role of exercise on vicariously acquired PTSD-like phenotype was not examined...
April 17, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428092/validation-of-the-pain-resilience-scale-in-a-chronic-pain-sample
#7
Brett Ankawi, P Maxwell Slepian, Lina K Himawan, Christopher R France
Psychosocial factors that protect against negative outcomes for individuals with chronic pain have received increased attention in recent years. Pain resilience, or the ability to maintain behavioral engagement and regulate emotions as well as cognitions despite prolonged or intense pain, is one such factor. A measure of pain-specific resilience, the Pain Resilience Scale, was previously identified as a better predictor of acute pain tolerance than general resilience. The present study sought to validate this measure in a chronic pain sample, while also furthering understanding of the role of pain resilience when compared to other protective factors...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426397/a-successful-debrief-program-for-house-staff
#8
Victoria Leff, Adrienne Klement, Anthony Galanos
Challenging end-of-life encounters can be stressful and may lead to burnout. Monthly debriefing sessions are led by a physician and clinical social worker (LCSW). Sessions focus on experiences and emotional reactions rather than case details. Themes identified included; feeling unsupported after difficult deaths, identifying with patients emotionally, and conceptualizing a "good" versus "bad" death. Debriefing provides opportunities for residency physicians to reflect on the affective side of their work and helps promote resiliency...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Social Work in End-of-life & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425179/resilience-of-the-prokaryotic-microbial-community-of-acropora-digitifera-to-elevated-temperature
#9
Andrian P Gajigan, Leomir A Diaz, Cecilia Conaco
The coral is a holobiont formed by the close interaction between the coral animal and a diverse community of microorganisms, including dinoflagellates, bacteria, archaea, fungi, and viruses. The prokaryotic symbionts of corals are important for host fitness but are also highly sensitive to changes in the environment. In this study, we used 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) sequencing to examine the response of the microbial community associated with the coral, Acropora digitifera, to elevated temperature. The A. digitifera microbial community is dominated by operational taxonomic unit (OTUs) affiliated with classes Alphaproteobacteria and Gammaproteobacteria...
April 20, 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424799/role-of-psychological-resilience-on-health-outcomes-in-hospitalized-patients-with-acute-illness-a-scoping-review
#10
Elen Marged Bradley-Roberts, Christian P Subbe
Recovery from Acute Illness is dependent on severity of illness. We aimed to investigate whether resilience as the 'ability to bounce back' might also affect recovery. We conducted a scoping review to identify gaps in the existing literature. We used emergency care, intensive care, critical care and trauma as surrogates for acute illness. We mapped synonyms for resilience and selected 'resilience' and 'robustness'. The search was limited to adult patients admitted to hospitals. We found strong evidence for psychological sequelae of acute illness but no research focusing specifically on the concepts of resilience or robustness and no interventional studies in the acute hospital setting...
2017: Acute Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422698/dissipativity-based-resilient-filtering-of-periodic-markovian-jump-neural-networks-with-quantized-measurements
#11
Renquan Lu, Jie Tao, Peng Shi, Hongye Su, Zheng-Guang Wu, Yong Xu
The problem of dissipativity-based resilient filtering for discrete-time periodic Markov jump neural networks in the presence of quantized measurements is investigated in this paper. Due to the limited capacities of network medium, a logarithmic quantizer is applied to the underlying systems. Considering the fact that the filter is realized through a network, randomly occurring parameter uncertainties of the filter are modeled by two mode-dependent Bernoulli processes. By establishing the mode-dependent periodic Lyapunov function, sufficient conditions are given to ensure the stability and dissipativity of the filtering error system...
April 12, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422615/understanding-how-sexual-and-gender-minority-stigmas-influence-depression-among-trans-women-and-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-india
#12
Venkatesan Chakrapani, Pandara Purayil Vijin, Carmen H Logie, Peter A Newman, Murali Shunmugam, Murugesan Sivasubramanian, Miriam Samuel
PURPOSE: Few studies have assessed how sexual and gender minority stigmas affect the mental health of trans women and self-identified men who have sex with men (MSM) in India, populations with a high HIV burden. We tested whether social support and resilient coping act as mediators of the effect of sexual and gender minority stigmas on depression as proposed by Hatzenbuehler's psychological mediation framework, or as moderators based on Meyer's minority stress theory. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey among trans women (n = 300) and MSM (n = 300) recruited from urban and rural sites in India...
April 19, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421479/understanding-medical-students-experience-with-stress-and-its-related-constructs-a-focus-group-study-from-singapore
#13
Julia Farquhar, Desiree Lie, Angelique Chan, Mandy Ow, Arpana Vidyarthi
OBJECTIVE: In order to protect medical students from burnout and its untoward psychiatric effects, it is imperative to understand their stress, burnout, coping, and resilience experiences. This study aimed to derive collective definitions from the medical student perspective, to identify common themes of students' experiences, and to distinguish pre-clinical and clinical year students' experiences relating to these four constructs. METHODS: The authors conducted focus groups of medical students in Singapore across 4 years using a semi-structured question guide...
April 18, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421177/variation-in-population-vulnerability-to-heat-wave-in-western-australia
#14
Jianguo Xiao, Tony Spicer, Le Jian, Grace Yajuan Yun, Changying Shao, John Nairn, Robert J B Fawcett, Andrew Robertson, Tarun Stephen Weeramanthri
Heat waves (HWs) have killed more people in Australia than all other natural hazards combined. Climate change is expected to increase the frequency, duration, and intensity of HWs and leads to a doubling of heat-related deaths over the next 40 years. Despite being a significant public health issue, HWs do not attract the same level of attention from researchers, policy makers, and emergency management agencies compared to other natural hazards. The purpose of the study was to identify risk factors that might lead to population vulnerability to HW in Western Australia (WA)...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421024/family-and-individual-risk-and-protective-factors-of-depression-among-chinese-migrant-children-with-oppositional-defiant-disorder-symptoms
#15
Xu Liu, Xiuyun Lin, Qing Zhou, Nan Zhou, Yanbin Li, Danhua Lin
Migrant children reached 35.81 million in China and were vulnerable to serious emotional problems including depression. The present study aimed to identify the family and individual risk and protective factors for depression in an at-risk sample of Chinese migrant children. Participants were 368 children (9.47 ± 1.46 years old, 73.4% boys) who had at least one symptom of Oppositional Defiant Disorder symptoms (ODD) and their parents in Mainland China. Risk and protective factors within both family (i.e., family maltreatment and family functioning) and individual (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419758/provenance-effect-on-carbon-assimilation-photochemistry-and-leaf-morphology-in-mediterranean-cistus-species-under-chilling-stress
#16
Giacomo Puglielli, Francisco J Cuevas Román, Rosangela Catoni, José M Moreno Rojas, Loretta Gratani, Laura Varone
The potential resilience of shrub species to environmental change deserves attention in those areas threatened by climate change such as the Mediterranean basin. We asked if leaves produced under climatically different conditions through the winter season up to spring can highlight the leaf traits involved in determining the potential resilience of three Cistus spp. to changing environmental conditions and to what extent intra-specific differences affect such a response. We analyzed carbon assimilation, maximum quantum efficiency of PSII photochemistry (Fv /Fm ) and the leaf morphological control of the photosynthetic process in leaves formed through the winter season up to spring in C...
April 18, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419611/well-being-therapy-in-depression-new-insights-into-the-role-of-psychological-well-being-in-the-clinical-process
#17
Giovanni A Fava, Fiammetta Cosci, Jenny Guidi, Elena Tomba
A specific psychotherapeutic strategy for increasing psychological well-being and resilience, well-being therapy (WBT), has been developed and validated in a number of randomized controlled trials. The findings indicate that flourishing and resilience can be promoted by specific interventions leading to a positive evaluation of one's self, a sense of continued growth and development, the belief that life is purposeful and meaningful, the possession of quality relations with others, the capacity to manage effectively one's life, and a sense of self-determination...
April 18, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419496/emotionally-focused-couple-therapy-for-parents-raising-a-child-with-an-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-pilot-study
#18
Nicholas A Lee, James L Furrow, Brent A Bradley
Many couples raising children diagnosed with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are often resilient in confronting unique parental demands, while others experience greater risk for relational distress. Research has shown that Emotionally Focused Couple Therapy (EFT) is efficacious with couples raising chronically ill children and relevant to the relational demands of parents of children diagnosed with an ASD. This pilot study tested the effectiveness of EFT with seven couples presenting with moderate to severe distress, who were also parents of a child diagnosed with an ASD...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419346/our-shared-vulnerability-to-dangerous-pathogens
#19
Lawrence O Gostin
The international community vastly underestimates the risk and scale of our shared vulnerability to fast moving pathogens. Ranging from SARS and novel influenzas to Ebola and Zika, the world seems to be caught off guard, despite the regularity of global health threats historically. More importantly, when governments and international institutions underestimate the threat, they also underinvest in preparedness. Failure to prepare has deep costs in human lives and economic productivity. Here, I offer a pathway to preparedness for, and rapid response to, infectious disease threats: robust and resilient national health systems; strong institutions capable of leading, particularly the World Health Organization; and investments in research and development...
April 17, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419044/resiliency-is-good-for-you-commentary-on-an-article-by-brian-c-werner-md-et-al-depression-and-patient-reported-outcomes-following-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#20
David Ring
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
keyword
keyword
26338
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"