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Upper gastrointestinal bleeding

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652649/bleeding-with-the-artificial-heart-gastrointestinal-hemorrhage-in-cf-lvad-patients
#1
EDITORIAL
Grigoriy E Gurvits, Elena Fradkov
Continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (CF-LVADs) have significantly improved outcomes for patients with end-stage heart failure when used as a bridge to cardiac transplantation or, more recently, as destination therapy. However, its implantations carries a risk of complications including infection, device malfunction, arrhythmias, right ventricular failure, thromboembolic disease, postoperative and nonsurgical bleeding. A significant number of left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) recipients may experience recurrent gastrointestinal hemorrhage, mainly due to combination of antiplatelet and vitamin K antagonist therapy, activation of fibrinolytic pathway, acquired von Willebrand factor deficiency, and tendency to develop small intestinal angiodysplasias due to increased rotary speed of the pump...
June 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644311/hemobilia-an-uncommon-but-notable-cause-of-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#2
Scott Cathcart, John W Birk, Michael Tadros, Micheal Schuster
GOAL AND BACKGROUND: A literature review to improve practitioners' knowledge and performance concerning the epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of hemobilia. STUDY: A search of Pubmed, Google Scholar, and Medline was conducted using the keyword hemobilia and relevant articles were reviewed and analyzed. The findings pertaining to hemobilia etiology, investigation, and management techniques were considered and organized by clinicians practiced in hemobilia. RESULTS: The majority of current hemobilia cases have an iatrogenic cause from either bile duct or liver manipulation...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641193/acute-hemobilia-from-a-pseudoaneurysm-of-the-cystic-artery-arising-from-the-left-hepatic-artery-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Claudia Trombatore, Roberto Scilletta, Noemi Bellavia, Pietro Trombatore, Vincenzo Magnano S Lio, Giuseppe Petrillo, Antonio Di Cataldo
INTRODUCTION: Hemobilia represents only 6% of all causes of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a rare case of a bleeding pseudoaneurysm of the cystic artery, due to a re-activation of a chronic cholecystitis, which arose with a mixed symptomatology: jaundices and hematemesis. DISCUSSION: The rarity of our patient is increased for some vascular anatomic variations detected by Computed Tomography that influenced the management of the disease...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634688/acute-variceal-bleeding-risk-stratification-and-management-including-tips
#4
REVIEW
Virginia Hernández-Gea, Claudia Berbel, Anna Baiges, Juan C García-Pagán
Acute variceal bleeding should be suspected in all patients with cirrhosis presenting with upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Vasoactive drugs and prophylactic antibiotics must be started as soon as possible, even before performing the diagnostic endoscopy. Once the patient is hemodynamically stable, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy should be performed in order to confirm the diagnosis and provide endoscopic therapy (preferably banding ligation). After this initial approach, the most appropriate therapy to prevent both early and late rebleeding must be instituted following a risk stratification strategy...
June 20, 2017: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634523/mallory-weiss-tear-after-violent-hiccups-a-rare-association
#5
Sankalp Dwivedi, Hussein Al-Hamid, Bradley J Warren
We present an unusual case of a 44-year-old male who developed violent hiccups soon after a ureteroscopy for nephrolithiasis; later, the forceful hiccups were followed by hematemesis. Upper esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed Mallory-Weiss tears and esophageal erosions in the lower esophagus. Esophageal biopsy was unremarkable. The patient did not have a prior history of the gastrointestinal disorder. Although extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy has on rare occasion been implicated in the development of gastrointestinal erosions, no such correlation exists for ureteroscopy and upper gastrointestinal bleeding in the management of nephrolithiasis...
January 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634135/outcomes-and-role-of-urgent-endoscopy-in-high-risk-patients-with-acute-nonvariceal-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#6
Soo-Han Cho, Yoon-Seon Lee, Youn-Jung Kim, Chang Hwan Sohn, Shin Ahn, Dong-Woo Seo, Won Young Kim, Jae Ho Lee, Kyoung Soo Lim
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We investigated clinical outcomes in high-risk patients with acute nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB), and determined if urgent endoscopy is effective. METHODS: Consecutive patients with Glasgow-Blatchford score >7 who underwent endoscopy for acute nonvariceal UGIB at the emergency department from January 1, 2005, to December 31, 2014, were included. Urgent (<6 h) and elective (6-48 h) endoscopies were defined according to the time to endoscopy after the initial presentation...
June 17, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633127/successful-endoscopic-treatment-of-gastric-phytobezoar-a-case-report
#7
Ippazio Ugenti, Elisabetta Travaglio, Elpiniki Lagouvardou, Onofrio Caputi Iambrenghi, Gennaro Martines
INTRODUCTION: Gastric bezoars are a rare condition associated with situations of gastric dysmotility and prior gastric surgery, though sometimes they can present without any risk factor. We describe the first successful treatment in medical literature of a large gastric bezoar in the outpatient setting through endoscopic fragmentation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 76-year-old man was referred to our outpatient endoscopy clinic because of dyspepsia and epigastric pain. Upper GI endoscopy with a standard endoscope revealed a 10-cm-diameter gastric phytobezoar with necrotic pressure ulcer of the angulus...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626374/bochdalek-hernia-in-an-adult-with-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#8
Mohammed Al-Dugdugi, Abdulhameed Alhazmi, Abdulhadi Khaliel, Luis Perez
Bochdalek hernia (BH) can be a life-threatening condition in infants. Approximately 85.3% of newborns with a BH are immediately at high risk and have a high mortality rate due to respiratory insufficiency [Kocakusak et al.: Hernia 2005;9: 284-287]. However, BH is almost asymptomatic in adults and discovered only incidentally [Wilkins et al.: Clin Imaging 1994;18: 224-229]. Complicated BH in adults might present with visceral incarceration and lethal complications. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding and acute pancreatitis are rarely reported in the literature as complications of BH in adults...
May 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622955/age-specific-risks-severity-time-course-and-outcome-of-bleeding-on-long-term-antiplatelet-treatment-after-vascular-events-a-population-based-cohort-study
#9
Linxin Li, Olivia C Geraghty, Ziyah Mehta, Peter M Rothwell
BACKGROUND: Lifelong antiplatelet treatment is recommended after ischaemic vascular events, on the basis of trials done mainly in patients younger than 75 years. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding is a serious complication, but had low case fatality in trials of aspirin and is not generally thought to cause long-term disability. Consequently, although co-prescription of proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) reduces upper gastrointestinal bleeds by 70-90%, uptake is low and guidelines are conflicting...
June 13, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619257/the-role-of-capsule-endoscopy-and-device-assisted-enteroscopy-for-small-bowel-lesions-in-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia
#10
Rossella Cianci, Riccardo Urgesi, Annalisa Tortora, Arianna Amato, Estelle E Newton, Guido Costamagna, Maria Elena Riccioni
BACKGROUND: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is an autosomal-dominant disorder leading to telangiectases and arteriovenous malformations of the skin, mucosa, and viscera. Telangiectases in the upper gastrointestinal tract are known, but data regarding possible small-bowel involvement are poor. AIMS: To evaluate the role of capsule endoscopy (CE) to determine the prevalence of small-bowel telangiectases in HHT patients, and the role of endoscopic treatment of these patients with particular reference to the incidence of re-bleeding after treatment...
May 25, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616396/management-for-non-variceal-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-elderly-patients-the-experience-of-a-tertiary-university-hospital
#11
Koichiro Kawaguchi, Hiroki Kurumi, Yohei Takeda, Kazuo Yashima, Hajime Isomoto
BACKGROUND: Peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB) is the main cause of non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB). Endoscopic treatment and acid suppression with proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) are most important in the management of PUB and these treatments have reduced mortality. However, elderly patients sometimes have a poor prognostic outcome due to severe comorbidities. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on 504 cases with acute non-variceal UGIB who were examined in our hospital, in order to reveal the risk factor of a poor outcome in elderly patients...
April 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605921/duodenal-diverticular-bleeding-an-endoscopic-challenge
#12
Eduardo Valdivielso Cortázar, Lucía Madarnás Alonso, Susana Ortíz Marín, Ignacio Couto Worner, Pedro Alonso Aguirre
Duodenal diverticula are an uncommon cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Until recently, it was primarily managed with surgery, but advances in the field of endoscopy have made management increasingly less invasive. We report a case of duodenal diverticular bleeding that was endoscopically managed, and review the literature about the various endoscopic therapies thus far described.
June 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594330/risk-factors-of-the-rebleeding-according-to-the-patterns-of-nonvariceal-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#13
Ji Hyung Nam, Tae Joo Jeon, Jae Hee Cho, Jae Hak Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Despite of successful endoscopic hemostasis of nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (NGIB), rebleeding rate has not decreased. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for rebleeding after endoscopic hemostasis in patients with NGIB according to bleeding patterns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the consecutive patients with NGIB in whom successful primary endoscopic hemostasis had been achieved at three university hospitals in Korea...
June 7, 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588877/endoscopic-removal-of-over-the-scope-clips-clinical-experience-with-a-bipolar-cutting-device
#14
Markus Bauder, Benjamin Meier, Karel Caca, Arthur Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Over-the-scope clips (OTSCs) are increasingly used for the closure of perforations/fistulae, hemostasis and endoscopic full-thickness resection (FTRD system). When OTSC-associated complications occur or re-therapy at the OTSC site is needed, OTSC removal may be indicated. An experimental study in an animal model and a case series have shown good results for OTSC removal with a bipolar cutting device. We present a larger clinical study using this device. METHODS: Data of all consecutive patients with indication for OTSC removal were collected and analyzed retrospectively...
June 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584569/angiographic-diagnosis-of-meckel-s-diverticulum-in-an-adult-patient-with-negative-scintigraphy
#15
Mark Kovacs, Jonathan Botstein, Stuart Braverman
A Meckel's diverticulum was diagnosed by mesenteric angiography in a 34 year-old patient who presented with hematochezia and dropping hemoglobin. The case demonstrates the challenges often encountered in workup of occult gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, and shows that angiographic diagnosis of Meckel's diverticulum is possible, even in the absence of angiographic evidence of active extravasation. Our patient had a previous non-diagnostic workup including upper and lower endoscopy, videocapsulography, and Technetium-99m pertechnetate (Tc-99m) scintigraphy...
March 2017: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569554/nsaid-related-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-types-of-drug-use-and-patient-profiles-in-real-clinical-practice
#16
Carlos Sostres, Patrica Carrera, Angel Lanas
BACKGROUND: The best available evidence regarding non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-related gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding comes from randomized controlled trials including patients who use NSAIDs to manage chronic rheumatic diseases; however, patients with varying background profiles commonly take NSAIDs for many other reasons, often without prescription, and such usage has not been well studied. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: To define the characteristics of patients hospitalized for upper GI bleeding in clinical practice, we conducted a case-control study among patients with endoscopy-proven major upper GI bleeding due to gastroduodenal peptic lesions and control subjects...
June 1, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567453/hemobilia-due-to-arteriobiliary-fistula-complicating-ercp-for-residual-bile-duct-stone-in-a-case-of-mirizzi-syndrome
#17
Surendrakumar Mathur, Vinaykumar Thapar, Vasudev Chowda
Hemobilia is a rare cause of upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding. Most cases are iatrogenic following medical interventions, most commonly liver biopsy and transhepatic cholangiography. We present a case of arteriobiliary fistula between the right hepatic artery and the common hepatic duct, in a case of Mirrizi syndrome, following endoscopic biliary stenting and presenting with hemobilia. The patient was treated by surgical disconnection of the fistula, ligation of the right hepatic artery, and bilioenteric anastomosis...
May 2017: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565788/immunosuppressive-agents-are-associated-with-peptic-ulcer-bleeding
#18
Minoru Tomizawa, Fuminobu Shinozaki, Rumiko Hasegawa, Yoshinori Shirai, Yasufumi Motoyoshi, Takao Sugiyama, Shigenori Yamamoto, Naoki Ishige
Peptic ulcer bleeding can be fatal. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), corticosteroids and immunosuppressive agents are administered for long-term usage. The present study assessed the association between peptic ulcer bleeding and administration of NSAIDs, corticosteroids and immunosuppressive agents. Furthermore, the efficacy of lowering the risk of peptic ulcer bleeding with proton pump inhibitors (PPI) and histamine 2 receptor antagonists (H2RA) was evaluated. Medical records were retrospectively analyzed for patients subjected to an upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy performed at the National Hospital Organization Shimoshizu Hospital (Yotsukaido, Japan) from October 2014 to September 2015...
May 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565729/combined-endoscopic-and-surgical-treatment-of-severe-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-a-patient-with-heart-assist-device-under-therapeutic-anticoagulation
#19
Edris Wedi, Mohamed Bounnah, Riccardo Memeo, Carlo Jung
Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is a common complication after heart assist device placement. Reasons for bleeding are multifactorial. Endoscopic therapy is the treatment of choice, whereas invasive procedures are avoided in these critically ill patients. We present the case of a 65-year-old male patient experiencing severe GI bleeding after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) and right ventricular assist device (RVAD) placement with therapeutic anticoagulation. Endoscopically, multiple gastric bleeding sources were found but could not be treated effectively due to a large blood clot...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564642/effectiveness-of-endoscopic-hemostasis-with-soft-coagulation-for-non-variceal-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-over-a-12-year-period
#20
Daisuke Yamaguchi, Yasuhisa Sakata, Hisako Yoshida, Naoko E Furukawa, Nanae Tsuruoka, Toru Higuchi, Akira Watanabe, Ryo Shimoda, Seiji Tsunada, Ryuichi Iwakiri, Kazuma Fujimoto
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In this study, investigations were carried out to ascertain whether soft coagulation hemostasis for non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) has ever been performed in a time-dependent manner. METHODS: Medical records of 502 patients who had undergone emergency endoscopic hemostasis for non-variceal UGIB from 2003 to 2014 were checked and the modalities were used to achieve hemostasis compared between the first period from 2003 to 2008 (197 patients) and the second period from 2009 to 2014 (305 patients)...
June 1, 2017: Digestion
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