Read by QxMD icon Read

Life style chancing in screening

Jaiyeola Thomas
Cancer is an emerging public health problem in Africa especially with increasing exposure to risky life styles, environmental carcinogens and emergence of AIDS-associated cancers. Of the WHO estimated 7.9 million cancer-related deaths in 2007 more than 72% occurred in the low- and middle-income countries and 80% presented in the late stages. To implement the WHO resolution on cancer control programs in these settings, feasible evidence-based interventions for prevention, early diagnosis and detection need to be widely introduced...
March 2011: International Health
Stefanie Wahl, Stefan Möhlenkamp, Raimund Erbel, Susanne Moebus, Silke Andrich, Andreas Stang, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Nico Dragano
A parental history of premature coronary heart disease (CHD) is an established risk factor for CHD events in descendants. The study aim was to investigate whether subclinical coronary artery calcification (CAC) differs between asymptomatic individuals (a) without a parental CHD history, (b) with a parental history and (c) without knowledge of parental CHD history. The inclusion of individuals without knowledge of parental CHD history is a new approach. We also differentiated between CHD of mother and father to gain insight into their individual contributions...
April 2013: European Journal of Epidemiology
K Craig Kent, Robert M Zwolak, Natalia N Egorova, Thomas S Riles, Andrew Manganaro, Alan J Moskowitz, Annetine C Gelijns, Giampaolo Greco
BACKGROUND: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) disease is an insidious condition with an 85% chance of death after rupture. Ultrasound screening can reduce mortality, but its use is advocated only for a limited subset of the population at risk. METHODS: We used data from a retrospective cohort of 3.1 million patients who completed a medical and lifestyle questionnaire and were evaluated by ultrasound imaging for the presence of AAA by Life Line Screening in 2003 to 2008...
September 2010: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Peter E H Schwarz, Catharina Odenbach, Ulrike Rothe, Antje Bergmann, Stefan Richard Bornstein, Hildebrand Kunath, Michael Walter, Klaus Scheuch
The metabolic syndrome, increasingly appearing amongst the elderly and recently in younger people with a most sudden increase in the age group < 30 years, is one of the main threats to European health in this century. Early diagnosis is the most efficient way to manage and to prevent metabolic syndrome from developing. Recent studies have convincingly demonstrated that lifestyle intervention, addressing diet and exercise, reduced the risk of developing diabetes and metabolic syndrome. The challenges today are to develop and implement efficient strategies to identify those on risk and to implement prevention management programs for clinical practice...
April 15, 2008: Medizinische Klinik
(no author information available yet)
The treatment of infertile women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is surrounded by many controversies. This paper describes, on the basis of the currently available evidence, the consensus reached by a group of experts regarding the therapeutic challenges raised in these women. Before any intervention is initiated, preconceptional counselling should be provided emphasizing the importance of life style, especially weight reduction and exercise in overweight women, smoking and alcohol consumption. The recommended first-line treatment for ovulation induction remains the anti-estrogen clomiphene citrate (CC)...
March 2008: Human Reproduction
Nadeem Qureshi, Joe Kai
BACKGROUND: A strong family history of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) confers increased DM risk. This survey analysis determined whether patients who were informed by their doctors of familial DM risk acknowledged that risk and took steps to reduce it. METHODS: We conducted an analysis of the National Health Styles 2004 mail survey. All non-diabetic participants who responded to the question of whether their doctor had or had not informed them of their familial DM risk (n = 3,323) were compared for their risk-reducing behaviour and attitude to DM risk...
2008: BMC Health Services Research
(no author information available yet)
The treatment of infertile women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is surrounded by many controversies. On the basis of the currently available evidence, a group of experts reached a consensus regarding the therapeutic challenges raised in these women. Before any intervention is initiated, preconceptional counseling should be provided emphasizing the importance of lifestyle, especially weight reduction and exercise in overweight women, smoking, and alcohol consumption. The recommended first-line treatment for ovulation induction remains the anti-estrogen clomiphene citrate (CC)...
March 2008: Fertility and Sterility
A Gruber, K Nasser, R Smith, J C Sharma, G A Thomson
Over the past years, there has been an explosive increase in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and this is expected to continue, entailing associated morbidity and mortality. An increasing number of studies explore the different ways T2DM could be prevented. On-going lifestyle modifications need to be addressed. High-risk patients should be given counselling on weight loss, possibly using a low glycaemic index diet, with a target of around 7-10% over 6-12 months, as well as instruction for increasing physical activity to around 150 min of physical exercise weekly (NNT = 4-8)...
May 2006: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Suzanne M Mahon
Increased survival from cancer has been a result of improved treatment and the earlier detection of cancer. This column will provide a focus on wellness for patients with cancer, their caretakers, and health professionals. This inaugural column provides a review of a basic epidemiologic principle--risk assessment, which is central to wellness.
February 2006: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
Crispian Scully, Peter Boyle
Prevention and early detection are integral components of the Health Agenda and areas taking on increasing importance and emphasis. Members of the dental profession have an important role to play and, indeed, a duty to advise on the prevention of, not only oral diseases and notably oral cancer, but also on other potentially malignant conditions and their prevention. They are in a position to advise and help protect their patients, staff, colleagues, families and acquaintances. Apart from prevention, early detection and prompt referral for diagnosis offer the best hope to the patient with cancer, providing the best chance of a cure...
May 2005: Dental Update
Vivian Lewis, Kathleen Hoeger
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a common and serious health problem facing women as they move beyond the reproductive years. Until recently, many postmenopausal women and their physicians relied heavily on hormone therapy to prevent cardiovascular disease, neglecting the well-recognized nonhormonal aspects of cardiovascular health. Simple lifestyle changes--exercise, diet, weight control, and avoidance of tobacco--can significantly reduce the chance of heart disease and its major risk factors, which are essentially the same for men and women...
May 2005: Seminars in Reproductive Medicine
J Johansson, M Viigimaa, M Jensen-Urstad, I Krakau, L-O Hansson
OBJECTIVE: To illustrate the geographical West-to-East division of coronary heart disease (CHD) by comparing a population from Sweden, that represents a Western country to a population from Estonia, that represents an Eastern country. Estonia has an approximately 2-4-fold higher CHD prevalence for 55-year-old women and men, respectively, than Sweden. DESIGN: Randomized screening of 35- and 55-year-old men and women in Sollentuna county, Sweden and Tartu county, Estonia...
December 2002: Journal of Internal Medicine
M Konishi, H Kondou, K Okada
A self-reported questionnaire on the health status, life habits, and social background was conducted at baseline in the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study on Cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases (JPHC study). This report presents the outcome of the study regarding past or family history of various diseases, medical treatment, life habits such as physical labor or sports, and social background among study participants. In both cohorts I and II, prevalent past and family history included hypertension, stroke, and cancer, whereas the prevalence of coronary heart diseases was historically low...
October 2001: Journal of Epidemiology
S Shah, D G Cook
OBJECTIVE: To describe socio-economic variations in the treatment and control of hypertension in England. DESIGN: Population based survey. SUBJECTS: Hypertensives numbering 5019, identified in the Health Survey for England for 1993-1994. OUTCOME: Drug treatment and control of hypertension. RESULTS: A total of 1119/2208 (50.7%) hypertensive men, and 1620/2811 (57.6%) hypertensive women, were receiving anti-hypertensive medication...
July 2001: Journal of Hypertension
M D Ellison, B H Campbell
More than 90% of upper aerodigestive tract (UADT) cancers occur in people with specific lifestyle risks, including tobacco and alcohol use. More than 90% of tumors occur in easily examined parts of the head and neck, therefore, there is the possibility of identifying the vast majority of patients through selective screening. Physicians should keep in mind that the mucosa's sojourn from visually suspicious (and possibly malignant) tissue is most likely less than two years, and frequent examination of asymptomatic patients is necessary...
October 1999: Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America
I G Timmerman, P M Emmelkamp, R Sanderman
In this study we examine the effects of a stress-management training program on individuals without serious (mental) health complaints but with an increased chance of developing them as a consequence of stress. Potential subjects were randomly selected from the community at large and, then screened for participation in the training program if some of several (mental) health risk factors could be attributed to them: past life-events, neuroticism, inassertiveness, avoidant coping style and lack of social support...
September 1998: Behaviour Research and Therapy
H Raspe
Clinical prevention is defined as the application of all individual practice contacts of patients and physicians during the screening after risky habits or living conditions for the following specific consultation (i.e., aiming for "free of tobacco") and/or induction of specific interventions (i.e., medical check-up, health examination, immunization). All data available up to now are demonstrating that the theoretically accessible options for clinical prevention are realized merely imperfectly by physicians and/or are hardly accepted by the patients...
January 1997: Zeitschrift Für ärztliche Fortbildung
S Ebrahim, G Wannamethee, A McCallum, M Walker, A G Shaper
The effects of marital status and change in marital status on mortality among middle-aged British men were examined in a prospective cohort study, the British Regional Heart Study. This is a nationally representative cohort of men selected at random from general medical practices in 24 towns in England, Wales, and Scotland. It comprises 7,735 men aged 40-59 recruited in 1978-1980 and followed up for 11.5 years. Marital status and a wide range of biologic and lifestyle variables were measured at screening, and changes in marital status were assessed after 5 years...
October 15, 1995: American Journal of Epidemiology
I R Kupke
On the basis of our practical experience we can recommend screening of young children outside the clinic. Our methodology has proven to be appropriate for this purpose. Among young children, three groups are easily accessible: Newborns - since delivery occurs mostly in a clinic; infants up to one year - since these children are provided with basic medical care, and kindergarten children. According to our experience, kindergartens are favorable places for screening children because many children are together in one place...
1985: Progress in Clinical and Biological Research
J A Perlman, P H Wolf, R Ray, G Lieberknecht
Large prospective studies and intervention trials have identified major risk factors for premature heart disease in men, while the Framingham Heart Disease Study has provided the leading evidence of predictors of cardiovascular disease in women. We evaluated the role of these risk factors in a 13-year follow-up study of 8935 premenopausal and 2716 postmenopausal women in the Walnut Creek Contraceptive Drug Study cohort in Northern California. Elevated cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, smoking, obesity, family history of heart disease, and diabetes were investigated for their contribution to premature death due to all causes and due to cardiovascular disease...
June 1988: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"