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He Zhu, Fernando A Wilson, Jim P Stimpson, Peter E Hilsenrath
BACKGROUND: We examined whether sales of new motorcycles was a mechanism to explain the relationship between motorcycle fatalities and gasoline prices. METHODS: The data came from the Motorcycle Industry Council, Energy Information Administration and Fatality Analysis Reporting System for 1984-2009. Autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) regressions estimated the effect of inflation-adjusted gasoline price on motorcycle sales and logistic regressions estimated odds ratios (ORs) between new and old motorcycle fatalities when gasoline prices increase...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
Victor Puac-Polanco, Katherine M Keyes, Guohua Li
BACKGROUND: Motorcyclists are known to be at substantially higher risk per mile traveled of dying from crashes than car occupants. In 2014, motorcycling made up less than 1 % of person-miles traveled but 13 % of the total mortality from motor-vehicle crashes in the United States. We assessed the cohort effect of the baby-boomers (i.e., those born between 1946 and 1964) in motorcycle crash mortality from 1975 to 2014 in the United States. METHODS: Using mortality data for motorcycle occupants from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System, we performed an age-period-cohort analysis using the multiphase method and the intrinsic estimator method...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
Cody S Olsen, Andrea M Thomas, Michael Singleton, Anna M Gaichas, Tracy J Smith, Gary A Smith, Justin Peng, Michael J Bauer, Ming Qu, Denise Yeager, Timothy Kerns, Cynthia Burch, Lawrence J Cook
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence that motorcycle helmets reduce morbidity and mortality, helmet laws and rates of helmet use vary by state in the U.S. METHODS: We pooled data from eleven states: five with universal laws requiring all motorcyclists to wear a helmet, and six with partial laws requiring only a subset of motorcyclists to wear a helmet. Data were combined in the Crash Outcome Data Evaluation System's General Use Model and included motorcycle crash records probabilistically linked to emergency department and inpatient discharges for years 2005-2008...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
Guiqian Tang, Na Chao, Yuesi Wang, Jiashan Chen
Vehicular emissions in China in 2006 and 2010 were calculated at a high spatial resolution based on the data released by the National Bureau of Statistics, by taking the emission standards into consideration. China's vehicular emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), ammonia (NH3), fine particulate matters (PM2.5), inhalable particulate matters (PM10), black carbon (BC), and organic carbon (OC) were 30,113.9, 4593.7, 6838.0, 20.9, 400.2, 430.5, 285.6, and 105...
October 2016: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Hsiang-I Wang, Giou-Teng Yiang, Chin-Wang Hsu, Jen-Chun Wang, Chien-Hsing Lee, Yu-Long Chen
BACKGROUND: Thyroid storm, an endocrine emergency, remains a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. It is recognized to develop as a result of several factors, including infection, surgery, acute illness, and rarely, trauma. Recognition of thyroid storm in a trauma patient is difficult because the emergency physician usually focuses on managing more obvious injuries. OBJECTIVE OF THE REVIEW: We present a case of trauma-related thyroid storm and review the previous literature on posttraumatic thyroid storm to delineate risk factors of the disease...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
S Mahjoub, B Dunet, P Thoreux, A C Masquelet
Perilunate fracture-dislocation is rare. We report the case of a 24-year-old male who fell from his motorcycle and presented with a transverse lunate fracture with perilunate ligament damage. The initial diagnosis based on X-rays was confirmed by CT scan. A dorsal approach was used to obtain good reduction, double screw fixation and ligament reinsertion protected by temporary K-wires. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of transverse lunate fracture within perilunate fracture-dislocation. The patient returned to normal activities after 6 months...
June 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Irene Degli Agosti, Elena Ginelli, Bruno Mazzacane, Gabriella Peroni, Sandra Bianco, Fabio Guerriero, Giovanni Ricevuti, Simone Perna, Mariangela Rondanelli
Introduction. A number of studies suggest that oxygen-ozone therapy may have a role in the treatment of chronic, nonhealing, or ischemic wounds for its disinfectant and antibacterial properties. Nonhealing wounds are a significant cause of morbidity. Here we present a case of subcutaneous oxygen-ozone therapy used to treat a nonhealing postoperative wound in a young man during a period of 5 weeks. Case Presentation. A 46-year-old man had a motorcycle accident and underwent amputation of the right tibia and fibula...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
F R K Sanders, M Tenhagen, F W Bloemers
A 48-year-old male presented with a painful right knee after a motorcycle accident. Peripheral pulsations in the lower right leg were absent. X-ray indicated a dislocation of the knee. Additional CT-scan revealed a dissection of the popliteal artery. Surgical exploration revealed extensive vascular, neurological and ligamentar damage.
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Robert B Noland, Yuhan Zhou
An analysis of state-level data from 1984 to 2014 provides evidence on the relationship between economic recessions and US traffic fatalities. While there are large reductions associated with decreases in household median income, other policy variables tend to have additional and in some cases, larger effects. An increase in the inequality of the income distribution, measured by the Gini index, has reduced traffic fatalities. Graduated licensing policies, cell phone laws, and motorcycle helmet requirements are all associated with reductions in fatalities...
October 5, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Rafael Ekmejian, Pooria Sarrami, Justine M Naylor, Ian A Harris
BACKGROUND: Motorcyclists are a vulnerable road-user population who are overrepresented in traffic injuries. Utilisation of back protectors may be an effective preventive measure for spine injuries in motorcyclists. Since use of back protectors is increasing it is important that clinical evidence supports their use. The study aimed to investigate the current evidence on the ability of back protectors to reduce the rate of back injuries and patient mortality in motorcycle crashes. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using various electronic databases...
October 4, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Jwo-Leun Lee, Tzu-Chun Chen, Hung-Chang Huang, Ray-Jade Chen
BACKGROUND: Motorcycles are the most popular vehicles in Taiwan, where more than 14.8 million motorcycles (1 motorcycle per 1.6 people) are in service. Despite the mandatory helmet law passed in 1997, less than 80% of motorcyclists in Taiwan wear helmets. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyse the effect of using motorcycle helmets on fatality rates. METHODS: A clinical data set comprising 2,868 trauma patients was analysed; the cross-sectional registration database was administered by a university medical centre in Central Taiwan...
October 7, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
Matthew R Moralle, Nicholas D Stekas, Mark C Reilly, Michael S Sirkin, Mark R Adams
INTRODUCTION: Chronic osteomyelitis is a disease that requires fastidious treatment to eliminate. However, when eradication is unable to be achieved through exhaustive modalities of antibiotic therapy and multiple debridements, significant resection of the infected bone and soft tissue must be considered, including amputation. Here we report of a salvage procedure for chronic osteomyelitis of the left tibia by employing a rotationplasty to avoid an above knee amputation and instead provide the patient with a below knee amputation...
April 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Neal S Gerstein, Lindsay J Jinkins, Liem C Nguyen, Timothy M Maus, Todd S Dettmer, Lev Deriy
Aortic rupture and transection are constituents of the acute aortic syndrome. Injury to the thoracic aorta during motor vehicle crashes is associated with blunt chest trauma and rapid deceleration mechanisms. Type A dissections and/or rupture of the aorta at the level of the aortic isthmus are the more common presentations of aortic injuries associated with motor vehicle crashes. We present the case of atypical echocardiographic findings of a nearly complete circumferential transection of the proximal ascending aorta injury after a motorcycle crash...
October 4, 2016: Echocardiography
D Tchin, W Atsi, T Hodabalo Tchaa, Kpelao Essossinam, J Yaovii Edèm, K Koffi Amégbor, N-K Gado
We collected 190 forensic records from the only pathology laboratory in Lomé, over the period from January 2010 to December 2014. The sex ratio (M/F) was 4.4 and the decedents' average age 33.4 years. In 43.2% of cases, the accident resulted from a collision between a pedestrian and a motorcycle; excess speed noted in 56.8% of cases. Four principal groups of fatal injuries were observed: polytrauma (136 cases), isolated severe head injury (49 cases), isolated thoracic contusion (3 cases), and abdominal pelvic contusion with perinea trauma (2 cases)...
August 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
Miguel Araujo, Eduardo Illanes, Evelina Chapman, Eugênia Rodrigues
Globally, 49% of deaths from traffic crashes occur among vulnerable road users, including pedestrians, bicyclists, and motorcyclists. Approximately, a quarter of those killed are motorcyclists. The authors carried out a systematic review of the literature to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to prevent motorcycle crashes and the associated morbidity and mortality. The studies included in this review provide evidence for the effectiveness of helmet use, protective clothing, training, and penalties for alcohol consumption and speeding in preventing injury and death to motorcyclists...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
David X Cifu, Olivia K Uchima, Alaina S Davis, Amy E Lower, Jingyu L Jin, Henry L Lew
Head injuries are a particular concern in Hawai'i given the large military population, the presence of many land and water sports such as football and surfing, and the lenient helmet laws for motorcycle and bicycle riders. Physical, psychological, and cognitive symptoms from single or repeated concussions can affect an individual's reentry to society and activity. Current literature indicates that repeated head injuries are associated with chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) which is thought to lead to dementia...
September 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
Olufunso Simisola Aduayi, Victor Adovi Aduayi, Edward Oluwole Komolafe
This study sought to highlight associated factors and evaluate outcomes of motorcycle-related injuries (MCRI) among adults managed in a university teaching hospital in south-western Nigeria. The study was a cross-sectional descriptive study of 150 adult patients presenting with MCRI at the adult accident and emergency unit of the hospital. Information on the use of helmet, alcohol intake, number of pillion passengers, type of collision and time of arrival at hospital was collected. Patients were followed up and questionnaires were completed after discharge, referral or death...
August 9, 2016: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
Elaheh Ainy, Hamid Soori, Mojtaba Ganjali, Behzad Basirat, Mashyaneh Haddadi
BACKGROUND: Motorcycle riders are amongst some of the most vulnerable road users. The burden of motorcycles injuries from low and middle income countries is under-reported. OBJECTIVES: In this study, the cost of traffic injuries among motorcyclists was calculated using the willingness to pay (WTP) method in Iran in 2013. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 143 motorcyclists were randomly selected. The research questionnaire was prepared based on the standard WTP method [stated preference (SP), contingent value (CV) and revealed preference (RP) models] taking into consideration perceived risks, especially those in Iran...
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
Daniel Howard Wiznia, Mike Wang, Chang Yeon-Kim, Paul Tomaszewski, Michael P Leslie
We report a case of a unilateral testicular dislocation to the superficial inguinal region associated with a lateral compression type pelvic ring injury (OTA classification 61-C3.3a2, b2, c3) and left T-shaped acetabulum fracture (OTA classification 62-B2) in a 44-year-old male who was in a motorcycle accident. The testicular dislocation was noted during the emergency department primary survey, and its location and viability were verified with ultrasound. The testicle was isolated during surgical stabilization of the left acetabulum through a Pfannenstiel incision and modified-Stoppa approach and returned through the inguinal canal to the scrotum...
2016: Case Reports in Orthopedics
David C Holst, James B Carr, Anna N Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Surgeon
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