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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431344/novelty-helmet-use-and-motorcycle-rider-fatality
#1
Thomas M Rice, Lara Troszak, Taryn Erhardt, Roger B Trent, Motao Zhu
OBJECTIVES: To compare the risk of fatal injury across helmet types among collision-involved motorcyclists. METHODS: We used data from a cohort of motorcyclists involved in police-reported traffic collisions. Eighty-four law enforcement agencies in California collected detailed information on helmet and rider characteristics during collision investigations in June 2012 through July 2013. Multiply-adjusted risk ratios were estimated with log-binomial regression. RESULTS: The adjusted fatal injury risk ratio for novelty helmets was 1...
April 18, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424132/outcomes-of-recreational-activity-associated-trauma-in-elderly-persons-on-blood-thinning-medications
#2
Zachary M DeBoard, Jonathan Grotts, Lisa Ferrigno
With increasing life expectancy, the elderly are participating in recreational activities traditionally pursued by younger persons. Elderly patients have many reasons for worse outcomes after trauma, one of which may be the rising use of anticoagulant and/or antiplatelet medications. This study aimed to determine whether preinjury use of these agents yielded worse outcomes in geriatric patients injured during high-impact recreational activities. The National Trauma Data Bank was reviewed from 2007 to 2010 for patients ≥65 years admitted to Level I or II trauma centers with ICD-9 E-codes for specific mechanisms of injury...
April 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424128/analysis-of-all-terrain-vehicle-trauma-data-implications-for-increased-regulation-and-injury-prevention
#3
Cathy V Ho, James R Dunne, Wesley R Stroud, Alvaro H Fonseca, Frank E Davis, William J Bromberg
To determine the incidence and severity of all-terrain vehicle crashes (ATVCs) compared with motorcycle crashes (MCCs) in all critically injured patients. Prospective data were retrospectively reviewed on 1840 patients involved in ATVCs and MCCs admitted to a rural level one trauma center over 16 years. ATVC patients (n = 655) were younger (25 vs 38, P < 0.0001), more likely female (20% vs 11%, P < 0.001), less severely injured (13.5 vs 16, P < 0.0001), had similar Glasgow Coma Score (13.3 vs 13.4, p = NS), less helmet use (6% vs 69%, P < 0...
April 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417951/association-of-motorcycle-use-with-risk-of-overweight-in-taiwanese-urban-adults
#4
Chien-Yu Lin, Yung Liao, Jong-Hwan Park
Sedentary transport is known to adversely affect health. Few studies have focused on motorcycle use. This study examines the association of motorcycle use with overweight in urban adults in Taiwan. Cross-sectional data from 1069 Taiwanese adults aged 20-64 years in three urban cities were collected in 2015. Data on self-reported body mass index, time spent in motorcycle use, lifestyle behavioral factors, and sociodemographic variables were obtained. Unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression models were applied...
April 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416210/development-of-a-continuous-motorcycle-protection-barrier-system-using-computer-simulation-and-full-scale-crash-testing
#5
Ali O Atahan, J Marten Hiekmann, Jeffrey Himpe, Joseph Marra
Road restraint systems are designed to minimize the undesirable effects of roadside accidents and improve safety of road users. These systems are utilized at either side or median section of roads to contain and redirect errant vehicles. Although restraint systems are mainly designed against car, truck and bus impacts there is an increasing pressure by the motorcycle industry to incorporate motorcycle protection systems into these systems. In this paper development details of a new and versatile motorcycle barrier, CMPS, coupled with an existing vehicle barrier is presented...
April 15, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415983/exhaled-carbon-monoxide-a-non-invasive-biomarker-of-short-term-exposure-to-outdoor-air-pollution
#6
Herve Lawin, Lucie Ayi Fanou, Vikkey Hinson, Jacqueline Wanjiku, N Kingsley Ukwaja, Stephen B Gordon, Benjamin Fayomi, John R Balmes, Parfait Houngbegnon, Euripide Avokpaho, Ambaliou Sanni
BACKGROUND: In urban settings of Africa with rapidly increasing population, traffic-related air pollution is a major contributor to outdoor air pollution (OAP). Although OAP has been identified as a leading cause of global morbidity and mortality, there is however, lack of a simple biomarker to assess levels of exposure to OAP in resource-poor settings. This study evaluated the role of exhaled carbon monoxide (exhCO) as a potential biomarker of exposure to ambient carbon monoxide (ambCO) from OAP...
April 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414588/prehospital-predictors-of-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-in-victoria-australia
#7
Alaa O Oteir, Karen Smith, Johannes Stoelwinder, James W Middleton, Shelley Cox, Lisa N Sharwood, Paul A Jennings
OBJECTIVES: To identify the predictors of traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) and describe the differences between confirmed and potential TSCI cases in the prehospital setting. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study including all adult patients over a six-year period (2007-12) with potential TSCI who were attended and transported by Ambulance Victoria (AV). We extracted potential TSCI cases from the AV data warehouse and linked with the Victorian State Trauma Registry to compare with final hospital diagnosis...
April 17, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409733/endovascular-management-of-acute-epidural-hematomas-clinical-experience-with-80-cases
#8
Carlos Michel A Peres, Jose Guilherme M P Caldas, Paulo Puglia, Almir F de Andrade, Igor A F da Silva, Manoel J Teixeira, Eberval G Figueiredo
OBJECTIVE Small acute epidural hematomas (EDHs) treated conservatively carry a nonmeasurable risk of late enlargement due to middle meningeal artery (MMA) lesions. Patients with EDHs need to stay hospitalized for several days, with neurological supervision and repeated CT scans. In this study, the authors analyzed the safety and efficacy of the embolization of the involved MMA and associated lesions. METHODS The study group consisted of 80 consecutive patients harboring small- to medium-sized EDHs treated by MMA embolization between January 2010 and December 2014...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409141/intrathoracic-fracture-dislocation-of-the-humerus-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Wilson Carlos Sola Junior, Paulo Sérgio Dos Santos
Shoulder fracture-dislocations are uncommon. Those associated with intrathoracic dislocation are very rare conditions, resulting from high-energy trauma; usually, the affected limb is in an abduction position. In Brazil, there is only one report of a teenager with displacement of the epiphysis into the chest cavity; the present is the first adult patient report of intrathoracic dislocation of the humerus. The authors present the case of a patient female, aged 56 years, who was hit by motorcycle and thrown approximately 5 meters away...
March 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409139/double-bundle-pcl-reconstruction-using-autologous-hamstring-tendons-outcome-with-a-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#10
Ricardo de Paula Leite Cury, Rômulo Neves Castro Filho, Daniel Akira Sadatsune, Davi Ribeiro do Prado, Ricardo José Peruzzo Gonçalves, Marcos Barbieri Mestriner
OBJECTIVE: To present the outcomes of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) double-bundle reconstruction using autologous hamstring tendons, with a minimum follow-up of two years. METHODS: Evaluation of 16 cases of PCL injury that underwent double-bundle reconstruction with autogenous hamstring tendons, between 2011 and 2013. The final sample consisted of 16 patients, 15 men and one woman, with a mean age of 31 years (21-49). The predominant mechanism was motorcycle accident in half of the cases...
March 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393320/prevalence-and-ethnic-racial-disparities-in-the-distribution-of-pediatric-injuries-in-south-florida-implications-for-the-development-of-community-prevention-programs
#11
Carmen Ramos Irizarry, Patrick C Hardigan, Mark G Mc Kenney, Gretchen Holmes, Rudy Flores, Brenda Benson, Ascension M Torres
BACKGROUND: The state of Florida continues to report significant gender, ethnic and racial disparities in trauma incidence, access to care and outcomes in the adult population. Our objective was to assess pediatric injury profiles and ethnic/racial disparities of specific injuries in a Regional Trauma Center (TC) in South Florida. METHODS: Retrospective data from November 2011 to December 2015 were obtained from the Level 2 TC registry for children ≤21 years old...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383999/energy-attenuation-performance-of-impact-protection-worn-by-motorcyclists-in-real-world-crashes
#12
Bianca Albanese, Tom Gibson, Tom Whyte, Lauren Meredith, Giovanni Savino, Liz De Rome, Matthew Baldock, Michael Fitzharris, Julie Brown
Objective Laboratory studies have demonstrated that impact protectors (IP) used in motorcycle clothing can reduce fracture severities. While crash studies have reported IP are associated with reduced likelihood of soft tissue injury, there is little evidence of their effectiveness in reducing fracture likelihood. This discrepancy might be related to IP quality. There are mandatory requirements for IP supplied with protective clothing in Europe, but not elsewhere. This study examines the energy attenuation performance of IP used by Australian riders...
April 6, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382259/traumatic-tension-pneumocephalus-two-cases-and-comprehensive-review-of-literature
#13
REVIEW
Promod Pillai, Rohit Sharma, Larami MacKenzie, Eugene F Reilly, Paul R Beery, Thomas J Papadimos, Stanislaw Peter A Stawicki
Although traumatic pneumocephalus is not uncommon, it rarely evolves into tension pneumocephalus (TP). Characterized by the presence of increasing amounts of intracranial air and concurrent appearance or worsening neurological symptoms, TP can be devastating if not recognized and treated promptly. We present two cases of traumatic TP and a concise review of literature on this topic. Two cases of traumatic TP are presented. In addition, a literature search revealed 20 additional cases, of which 18 had sufficient information for inclusion...
January 2017: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379728/prevalence-and-regional-correlates-of-road-traffic-injury-among-chinese-urban-residents-a-21-city-population-based-study
#14
Ian R H Rockett, Shuhan Jiang, Qian Yang, Tingzhong Yang, Xiaozhao Y Yang, Sihui Peng, Lingwei Yu
OBJECTIVE: This study estimated the prevalence of road traffic injury among Chinese urban residents and examined individual and regional-level correlates. METHOD: A cross-sectional multistage process was used to sample residents from 21 selected cities in China. Survey respondents reported their history of road traffic injury in the past 12 months through a community survey. Multilevel, multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to identify injury correlates...
February 16, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363517/assessment-of-mechanism-type-and-severity-of-injury-in-multiple-trauma-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-of-a-trauma-center-in-iran
#15
Hamidreza Reihani, Hossein Pirazghandi, Ehsan Bolvardi, Mohsen Ebrahimi, Elham Pishbin, Koorosh Ahmadi, Mahdi Safdarian, Soheil Saadat, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar
PURPOSE: To accurately assess the mechanism, type and severity of injury in Iranian multiple trauma patients of a trauma center. METHODS: Patients with multiple traumas referring to the emergency department of Hasheminejad University Hospital in Mashhad, Iran, entered this cross sectional study from March 2013 to December 2013. All the patients with injury severity score (ISS) > 9 were included in this study. Data analysis was performed by SPSS software (Version 11...
April 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355502/motorcycle-helmet-laws-and-public-health
#16
Alexander Busko, Zachary Hubbard, Tanya Zakrison
Two years after the Civil War ended in a Union victory at Appomattox, a machinist named Sylvester Roper fitted a bicycle with a small steam engine. He called it a steam velocipede, and it’s still considered the earliest incarnation of what would come to be known as the motorcycle (see photo). Roper..
March 30, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340303/epidemiology-and-patterns-of-facial-fractures-due-to-road-traffic-accidents-in-taiwan-a-15%C3%A2-years-retrospective-study
#17
Cheng-San Yang, Solomon Chih-Cheng Chen, Yung-Cheng Yang, Li-Chung Huang, How-Ran Guo, Hsin-Yi Yang
OBJECTIVE: The facial region is a commonly fractured site, but the etiology varies widely by country and geographic region. To date, there are no population-based studies of facial fractures in Taiwan. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of patients diagnosed with facial fracture and registered in the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan between 1997 and 2011. The epidemiological characteristics of this cohort were analyzed, including the etiology, fracture site, associated injuries, and sex and age distributions...
March 24, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324820/the-relationship-between-motorcycle-rider-behaviour-questionnaire-scores-and-crashes-for-riders-in-australia
#18
A N Stephens, J Brown, L de Rome, M R J Baldock, R Fernandes, M Fitzharris
Motorcycle riders are over-represented in road fatalities in Australia. While riders represent 18% of the road users killed each year, motorcycle registrations constitute only 4.5% of the registered vehicle fleet. The Motorcycle Rider Behaviour Questionnaire (MRBQ) was developed with a view toward understanding behaviours likely to be associated with crash risk. These include behaviours that are either intentional (such as violations of road and speed regulations and stunts) or unintentional (such as errors relating to traffic or control of the motorcycle), as well as protective behaviours related to use of safety equipment...
March 18, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319165/psychosocial-and-environmental-correlates-of-active-and-passive-transport-behaviors-in-college-educated-and-non-college-educated-working-young-adults
#19
Dorien Simons, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Peter Clarys, Katrien De Cocker, Bas de Geus, Corneel Vandelanotte, Jelle Van Cauwenberg, Benedicte Deforche
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine potential differences in walking, cycling, public transport and passive transport (car/moped/motorcycle) to work and to other destinations between college and non-college educated working young adults. Secondly, we aimed to investigate which psychosocial and environmental factors are associated with the four transport modes and whether these associations differ between college and non-college educated working young adults. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 224 working young adults completed an online questionnaire assessing socio-demographic variables (8 items), psychosocial variables (6 items), environmental variables (10 items) and transport mode (4 types) and duration to work/other destinations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317191/allergic-contact-dermatitis-caused-by-motorcycle-heated-grips
#20
Nicola Milanesi, Massimo Gola, Stefano Francalanci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Contact Dermatitis
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