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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925120/factors-associated-with-the-use-of-motorcycle-helmets-in-two-colombian-cities
#1
Jorge Martín Rodríguez Hernández, Fredy Armindo Camelo Tovar, Liany Katerine Ariza Ruiz
The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence and some characteristics associated with the use of motorcycle helmets in two Colombian cities. The researcher used quantitative and qualitative techniques. The prevalence of the use of a motorcycle helmet among motorcyclists was greater in Ibague (98.1%) than in Valledupar (82.4%); among passengers in the city of Valledupar, it did not reach 2%. Men were 2.1 times more likely to wear helmets than women (IC 95:1.6-2.7). Using qualitative techniques, the factors explaining the reasons for use/non-use of helmets (being hygienic, climatic, esthetic and safety reasons) were identified for Valledupar...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925111/use-of-motorcycle-in-brazil-users-profile-prevalence-of-use-and-traffic-accidents-occurrence-a-population-based-study
#2
Lenise Menezes Seerig, Giancarlo Bacchieri, Gustavo Giacomelli Nascimento, Aluisio J D Barros, Flávio Fernando Demarco
This study aimed to describe the profile of motorcycle users and determine the prevalence of use. Also, to evaluate the reason for using a motorcycle, users' perceived risk of traffic accident, pattern of helmet wearing and number of accidents related to motorcycle use in the last 12 months. This cross-sectional study was conducted in the city of Pelotas, Southern Brazil. Sampling process was carried out in two stages, with the primary unit being the census track and the secondary the house. The study included 3,004 individuals aged 10 to 59 years, which answered a structured questionnaire...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925110/car-and-motorcycle-deaths-an-evolutionary-perspective
#3
André Luís Dos Santos Medeiros, Paulo Nadanovsky
Our aim was to assess differences between men and women in the likelihood of exposure to traffic as drivers of cars and motorcycles, and in the risk of dying from a car or a motorcycle crash, in order to verify the extent to which Darwin's Sexual Selection Theory could have predicted the findings and can help to interpret them. Study population was composed of men and women aged 18 to 60 years residents in the state of Rio de Janeiro between 2004 and 2010, and in the state of Rio Grande do Sul between 2001 and 2010...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925107/characteristics-of-motorcyclists-involved-in-road-traffic-accidents-attended-at-public-urgent-and-emergency-services
#4
Márcio Dênis Medeiros Mascarenhas, Rayone Moreira Costa Veloso Souto, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Cheila Marina de Lima, Marli de Mesquita Silva Montenegro
Injuries resulting from motorcycle road traffic accidents are an important public health issue in Brazil. This study aimed to describe the characteristics of motorcyclists involved in traffic accidents attended in public urgent and emergency services in the state capitals and the Federal District. This is a cross-sectional study based on data from the Violence and Accident Surveillance System (VIVA Survey) in 2014. Data were analyzed according to sociodemographic, event and attendance characteristics. Proportional differences between genders were analyzed by chi-square test (Rao-Scott) with 5% significance level...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914232/resuscitation-attempts-and-duration-in-traumatic-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#5
Ben Beck, Janet E Bray, Peter Cameron, Lahn Straney, Emily Andrew, Stephen Bernard, Karen Smith
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to understand factors associated with paramedics' decision to attempt resuscitation in traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and to characterise resuscitation attempts ≤10min in patients who die at the scene. METHODS: The Victorian Ambulance Cardiac Arrest Registry (VACAR) was used to identify all cases of traumatic OHCA between July 2008 and June 2014. We excluded cases <16 years of age or with a mechanism of hanging or drowning...
November 30, 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909640/treating-fasciotomy-wounds-with-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-with-instillation-and-dwell-time-npwti-d
#6
Priscilla Lee
Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) is a serious complication of lower-extremity trauma caused by accidents or post-procedure complications. ACS is characterized by increased pressure within the compartment, resulting in reduced blood flow, tissue hypoxia, and tissue necrosis. Fasciotomies to relieve pressure and debridement of necrotic tissue comprise primary treatment. My purpose is to present initial experience using negative pressure wound therapy with instillation and dwell time (NPWTi-d)* to treat fasciotomy wounds in two patients...
October 28, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909277/-complete-transection-of-the-cervical-trachea-caused-by-chest-blunt-trauma
#7
Masahiro Yamada, Masami Abiko
A 52-year-old man was injured when driving through the gate by a motorcycle without noticing the rope between the gateposts. He developed hoarseness, subcutaneous emphysema and dyspnea, and was transferred to our hospital by an ambulance. Chest X-ray and computed tomography showed subcutaneous and mediastinal emphysema, and complete transection of the cervical trachea. Since respiratory distress progressed rapidly, we performed tracheostomy in the intensive care unit, and the patient was carried to the operating room...
December 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901254/high-prevalence-of-neuropathic-pain-in-the-hand-of-patients-with-traumatic-brachial-plexus-injury-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Marcus V B Santana, Mauro T Bina, Matheus G Paz, Scheila N Santos, Manoel J Teixeira, Irina Raicher, José V Martins, Daniel C Araujo Andrade, Abrahão F Baptista
Objective: To describe the pain profile of patients with traumatic brachial plexus injury. Methods: We enrolled 65 patients with traumatic brachial plexus injury. The Douleur Neuropathique 4 questionnaire was used to classify pain and the SF-36 was used to evaluate quality of life. Results: The patients with traumatic brachial plexus injury were predominantly young male victims of motorcycle accidents. Pain was present in 75.4% of the individuals and 79% presented with neuropathic pain, mostly located in the hands (30...
November 2016: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878129/an-epidemiological-study-of-road-traffic-accidents-in-guilan-province-northern-iran-in-2012
#9
Zahra Mohtasham-Amiri, Saeed Dastgiri, Ali Davoudi-Kiakalyeh, Ali Imani, Keyvan Mollarahimi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the epidemiological characteristics of the road traffic injuries (RTIs) in Guilan province, northern Iran. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional study which included all of RTIs admitted to medical centers of Guilan province (northern Iran) during 2012. ICD-10 was used as diagnostic criteria. Demographic variables also injury circumstance and in hospital variables such as length of stay, time of admission, type of surgery, ICU admission, final outcome and mechanism of injury, anatomical part of injury according to Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) classification were derives from records by trained research team...
October 2016: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878127/the-burden-of-road-traffic-injuries-in-yazd-province-iran
#10
Mahmood Vakili, Mohsen Mirzaei, Azar Pirdehghan, Mohamadreza Sadeghian, Majid Jafarizadeh, Mojtaba Alimi, Shadi Naderian, Arezoo Aghakoochak
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the Disabled-adjusted Life Years (DALYs) of Road Traffic Accidents in patients referred to hospitals in Yazd Province, central Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Yazd province during 2010. To calculate the Years of Life Lost (YLL) due to premature death and to calculate the incidence of non-fatal injuries and Years Lost due to Disability (YLD), the data were collected from Yazd death registration system and hospital records...
October 2016: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869953/profile-of-work-related-road-traffic-accident-victims-recorded-by-sentinel-health-units-in-pernambuco-brazil-2012-2014
#11
Caroline Cordeiro Souto, Flávia Karina Wanderley Reis, Raphaella Patrícia Torres Bertolini, Rosimeiry Santos de Melo Almeida Lins, Sandra Luzia Barbosa de Souza
OBJECTIVE: to describe the profile of work-related road traffic accident (RTA) victims, reported by Road Traffic Accident Information Sentinel Units in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil, from 2012-2014. METHODS: descriptive study of fatal and non-fatal work-related road traffic accident victims, reported by 21 RTA Information Sentinel Units in Pernambuco. RESULTS: 87.8% of the 10,691 cases reported occurred among males; 69.0% of all records were related to the 20-39 age group; the sectors with most injured workers were Transport (24...
April 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864736/assessment-of-different-route-choice-on-commuters-exposure-to-air-pollution-in-taipei-taiwan
#12
Hsien-Chih Li, Pei-Te Chiueh, Shi-Ping Liu, Yu-Yang Huang
The purposes of this study are to develop a healthy commute map indicating cleanest route in Taipei metropolitan area for any given journey and to evaluate the pollutant doses exposed in different commuting modes. In Taiwan, there are more than 13.6 million motorcycles and 7.7 million vehicles among the 23 million people. Exposure to traffic-related air pollutants can thus cause adverse health effects. Moreover, increasing the level of physical activity during commuting and longer distances will result in inhalation of more polluted air...
November 18, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863883/polymer-reduced-graphene-oxide-functionalized-sponges-as-superabsorbents-for-oil-removal-and-recovery
#13
Arun Prakash Periasamy, Wen-Ping Wu, Rini Ravindranath, Prathik Roy, Guan-Lin Lin, Huan-Tsung Chang
Polyurethane dish-washing (PU-DW) sponges are functionalized sequentially with polyethylenimine (PEI) and graphene oxide (GO) to form PEI/reduced graphene oxide (RGO) PU-DW sponges. The PEI/RGO PU-DW sponge consists of PEI/RGO sheets having numerous pores, with diameters ranging from 236 to 254nm. To further enhance hydrophobicity and absorption capacity of oil, PEI/RGO PU-DW sponge is further coated with 20% phenyltrimethoxysilane (PTMOS). The PTMOS/PEI/RGO PU-DW sponge absorbs various oils within 20s, with maximum absorption capacity values of 880% and 840% for bicycle chain oil and motorcycle engine oil, respectively...
November 15, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854530/the-impact-of-michigan-s-partial-repeal-of-the-universal-motorcycle-helmet-law-on-helmet-use-fatalities-and-head-injuries
#14
Patrick M Carter, Lisa Buckley, Carol A C Flannagan, Jessica B Cicchino, Mark Hemmila, Patrick J Bowman, Farideh Almani, C Raymond Bingham
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of the partial repeal of Michigan's universal motorcycle helmet law on helmet use, fatalities, and head injuries. METHODS: We compared helmet use rates and motorcycle crash fatality risk for the 12 months before and after the April 13, 2012, repeal with a statewide police-reported crash data set. We linked police-reported crashes to injured riders in a statewide trauma registry. We compared head injury before and after the repeal...
January 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852263/regional-disparities-in-road-traffic-injuries-and-their-determinants-in-brazil-2013
#15
Otaliba Libanio Morais Neto, Ana Lúcia Andrade, Rafael Alves Guimarães, Polyana Maria Pimenta Mandacarú, Gabriela Camargo Tobias
BACKGROUND: In recent decades middle-income countries have experienced a rapid increase in the number of cars and motorcycles. Increased deaths and hospitalizations due to road traffic injuries (RTI) has been observed in several countries as a result. In this study we assessed the determinants of RTIs in Brazil by mode of transportation and compared differences in RTI rates among macro-regions. METHODS: We used data from the National Health Survey (NHS) conducted in 2013 by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics and the Ministry of Health...
November 17, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850142/502-epidemiology-and-outcomes-of-hospitalized-children-with-motorcycle-related-injuries
#16
Prithvi Sendi, Kaitlin Kobaitri, Alexander Ortega, Balagangadhar Totapally
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847770/delayed-rebleeding-of-cerebral-aneurysm-misdiagnosed-as-traumatic-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#17
Seung-Yoon Song, Dae-Won Kim, Jong-Tae Park, Sung-Don Kang
An intracranial saccular aneurysm is uncommonly diagnosed in a patient with closed head trauma. We herein present a patient with delayed rebleeding of a cerebral aneurysm misdiagnosed as traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). A 26-year-old female visited our emergency department because of headache after a motorcycle accident. Brain computed tomography (CT) showed a right-side dominant SAH in Sylvian fissure. Although traumatic SAH was strongly suggested because of the history of head trauma, we performed a CT angiogram to exclude any vascular abnormalities...
September 2016: Journal of Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823755/effects-of-repealing-the-motorcycle-helmet-law-in-michigan
#18
Zachary Hothem, Robert Simon, Wesley Barnes, Azmath Mohammad, Shruti Sevak, Kathryn Ziegler, Anthony Iacco, Randy Janczyk
BACKGROUND: In 2012, Michigan repealed its universal helmet law. Our study assessed the clinical impact of this repeal. METHODS: Our trauma database was queried retrospectively for 2 motorcycle riding seasons before and 3 seasons after repeal. On-scene death data was obtained from the Medical Examiner. RESULTS: Helmet use in hospitalized patients decreased after the helmet law repeal. Non-helmeted patients had a significant increased rate of head injury...
October 11, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812068/dupatta-long-scarf-related-injuries-in-female-pillion-riders-in-karachi-pakistan
#19
Muhammad Saeed Minhas, Muhammad Muzzammil Sangani, Kashif Mehmood, Anissudin Bhatti, Ayesha Mughal, Ranjeet Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency, type of injuries and reason behind avoidable injuries due to dupatta entrapment in motorcycle wheels among female pillion riders. METHODS: This observational / descriptive study was conducted at the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, from July 2013 to December 2014, and comprised female patients with dupatta-related motorbike injuries. The patients had injuries around head and neck, face, chest, abdomen, etc. SPSS 11 was used for data analysis...
November 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804216/challenges-to-validity-in-single-group-interrupted-time-series-analysis-even-with-a-crossover-design
#20
Ariel Linden
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The basic single-group interrupted time series analysis (ITSA) design has been shown to be susceptible to the most common threat to validity-history-the possibility that some other event caused the observed effect in the time series. A single-group ITSA with a crossover design (in which the intervention is introduced and withdrawn 1 or more times) should be more robust. In this paper, we describe and empirically assess the susceptibility of this design to bias from history...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
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