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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340303/epidemiology-and-patterns-of-facial-fractures-due-to-road-traffic-accidents-in-taiwan-a-15%C3%A2-years-retrospective-study
#1
Cheng-San Yang, Solomon Chih-Cheng Chen, Yung-Cheng Yang, Li-Chung Huang, How-Ran Guo, Hsin-Yi Yang
OBJECTIVE: The facial region is a commonly fractured site, but the etiology varies widely by country and geographic region. To date, there are no population-based studies of facial fractures in Taiwan. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of patients diagnosed with facial fracture and registered in the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan between 1997 and 2011. The epidemiological characteristics of this cohort were analyzed, including the etiology, fracture site, associated injuries, and sex and age distributions...
March 24, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324820/the-relationship-between-motorcycle-rider-behaviour-questionnaire-scores-and-crashes-for-riders-in-australia
#2
A N Stephens, J Brown, L de Rome, M R J Baldock, R Fernandes, M Fitzharris
Motorcycle riders are over-represented in road fatalities in Australia. While riders represent 18% of the road users killed each year, motorcycle registrations constitute only 4.5% of the registered vehicle fleet. The Motorcycle Rider Behaviour Questionnaire (MRBQ) was developed with a view toward understanding behaviours likely to be associated with crash risk. These include behaviours that are either intentional (such as violations of road and speed regulations and stunts) or unintentional (such as errors relating to traffic or control of the motorcycle), as well as protective behaviours related to use of safety equipment...
March 18, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319165/psychosocial-and-environmental-correlates-of-active-and-passive-transport-behaviors-in-college-educated-and-non-college-educated-working-young-adults
#3
Dorien Simons, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Peter Clarys, Katrien De Cocker, Bas de Geus, Corneel Vandelanotte, Jelle Van Cauwenberg, Benedicte Deforche
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine potential differences in walking, cycling, public transport and passive transport (car/moped/motorcycle) to work and to other destinations between college and non-college educated working young adults. Secondly, we aimed to investigate which psychosocial and environmental factors are associated with the four transport modes and whether these associations differ between college and non-college educated working young adults. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 224 working young adults completed an online questionnaire assessing socio-demographic variables (8 items), psychosocial variables (6 items), environmental variables (10 items) and transport mode (4 types) and duration to work/other destinations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317191/allergic-contact-dermatitis-caused-by-motorcycle-heated-grips
#4
Nicola Milanesi, Massimo Gola, Stefano Francalanci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303382/a-rare-case-of-non-traumatic-multi-level-bilateral-pedicle-fractures-of-the-lumbar-spine-in-a-60-year-old-patient
#5
Timo Schmid, Paul Heini, Lorin Benneker
INTRODUCTION: We report a 60-year-old patient who sustained non-traumatic, multi-level, bilateral lumbar pedicle fractures in the setting of unilateral lumbar spondylolysis. A possible fracture mechanism is evaluated and a review of the literature is presented. Whereas contralateral pedicle fractures of lumbar vertebrae with unilateral spondylosis are well described in young athletes, there is only one case report of multi-level, bilateral pedicle fractures of the lumbar spine in a young patient who sustained a high-impact motorcycle accident...
March 16, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289787/changes-in-bacterial-diversity-associated-with-bioremediation-of-used-lubricating-oil-in-tropical-soils
#6
Naruemon Meeboon, Mary-Cathrine Leewis, Sireewan Kaewsuwan, Suppasil Maneerat, Mary Beth Leigh
Used lubricating oil (ULO) is a widespread contaminant, particularly throughout tropical regions, and may be a candidate for bioremediation. However, little is known about the biodegradation potential or basic microbial ecology of ULO-contaminated soils. This study aims to determine the effects of used ULO on bacterial community structure and diversity. Using a combination of culture-based (agar plate counts) and molecular techniques (16S rRNA gene sequencing and DGGE), we investigated changes in soil bacterial communities from three different ULO-contaminated soils collected from motorcycle mechanical workshops (soil A, B, and C)...
March 13, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288734/a-comparison-of-observed-and-self-reported-helmet-use-and-associated-factors-among-motorcyclists-in-hyderabad-city-india
#7
S Wadhwaniya, S Gupta, S Mitra, S Tetali, L K Josyula, G Gururaj, A A Hyder
OBJECTIVES: India has a high burden of fatal road traffic injuries (RTIs). A large proportion of fatal RTIs in India are among motorcyclists. The overall goal of this study is to assess and compare observed and self-reported prevalence of helmet use; and to identify factors associated with helmet use and over-reporting in Hyderabad city, India. STUDY DESIGN: Roadside knowledge, attitude and practice interviews. METHODS: Six rounds of roadside interviews were conducted with motorcyclists (drivers and pillion riders) between July 2011 and August 2013 using a structured tool developed for this study...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288730/trends-in-motorcycle-helmet-use-in-vietnam-results-from-a-four-year-study
#8
J Bao, A M Bachani, C P Viet, La N Quang, N Nguyen, A A Hyder
OBJECTIVES: Helmet use is a major risk factor for road traffic injuries and fatalities. This study sought to determine the state of helmet use in Ha Nam and Ninh Binh provinces in Vietnam, and ascertain knowledge, attitudes, and practices of helmet use over time. STUDY DESIGN: Observational helmet use studies, and roadside knowledge, attitudes, and practice surveys. METHODS: Data were collected through observational helmet use studies at multiple sites in Ha Nam and Ninh Binh provinces over 14 rounds between June 2011 and December 2014...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288727/helmet-wearing-in-kenya-prevalence-knowledge-attitude-practice-and-implications
#9
A M Bachani, Y W Hung, S Mogere, D Akunga, J Nyamari, A A Hyder
OBJECTIVES: In light of the increasing prevalence of motorcycles on Kenyan roads, there is a need to address the safety of individuals using this mode of transport. Helmet use has been proven to be effective in preventing head injuries and fatalities in the event of a crash. This study aims to understand the prevalence of helmet use as well as knowledge, attitudes, and practices in two districts in Kenya over a 5-year period (2010-2014). STUDY DESIGN: Observational studies on helmet use at randomly selected locations throughout each district were done every quarter to estimate the prevalence of helmet use...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274880/pancarpal-dissociation-with-palmar-capitate-fracture-dislocation-case-report
#10
Michael Ting, Nicholas Kusnezov, John C Dunn, Gilberto Gonzalez, Miguel Pirela-Cruz
Capitate fractures are rare and dislocations are even more uncommon. To our knowledge, there has been no report of a Capitate fracture with complete dislocation in the literature. Here we present the first case of a Capitate fracture dislocation, sustained after a motorcycle accident.
March 5, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273220/treatment-of-frontal-bone-fracture-sequelae-through-inversion-of-the-bone-fragment
#11
Jonathan Ribeiro DA Silva, Carlos Fernando DE Almeida Barros Mourão, Hernando Valentim DA Rocha Júnior, Luiz Fernando Magacho, Guto Fidalgo Daumas Moraes, Nicolas Homsi
Treatment of frontal sinus fractures depends on the structures involved: the anterior wall, the posterior wall and the nasofrontal duct. It may vary from the correction of the defect in the anterior wall to the cranialization with obliteration of the nasofrontal duct. The inversion of the frontal sinus's anterior wall to correct the defect in the fractured region is a good treatment option for sequelae, since this technique eliminates or reduces the use of biomaterial in the area, and allows direct assessment of the permeability of the nasofrontal duct...
December 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272241/trauma-injury-in-adult-underweight-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-the-trauma-registry-system-of-a-level-i-trauma-center
#12
Ching-Hua Hsieh, Wei-Hung Lai, Shao-Chun Wu, Yi-Chun Chen, Pao-Jen Kuo, Shiun-Yuan Hsu, Hsiao-Yun Hsieh
The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the injury characteristics, severity, and outcome between underweight and normal-weight patients hospitalized for the treatment of all kinds of trauma injury.This study was based on a level I trauma center Taiwan.The detailed data of 640 underweight adult trauma patients with a body mass index (BMI) of <18.5 kg/m and 6497 normal-weight adult patients (25 > BMI ≥ 18.5 kg/m) were retrieved from the Trauma Registry System between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2014...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261512/laryngeal-fracture-after-blunt-cervical-trauma-in-motorcycle-accident-and-its-management
#13
Nuno Ribeiro-Costa, Pedro Carneiro Sousa, Diogo Abreu Pereira, Paula Azevedo, Delfim Duarte
Laryngeal fracture is a rare traumatic injury, potentially fatal, with an estimated incidence of 1 in 30,000 patients admitted to severe trauma centers. Because of the rarity of this injury, physician may be not aware of its existence, leading to a late diagnosis of this entity. We report a case of a 59-year-old woman admitted to the emergency room after a motorcycle accident with cervical trauma. The patient presented with dysphonia, hemoptysis, cervical subcutaneous emphysema, and increasing respiratory distress that led to the intubation of the patient...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246624/trend-and-seasonal-patterns-of-injuries-and-mortality-due-to-motorcyclists-traffic-accidents-a-hospital-based-study
#14
Marjan Hosseinpour, Abdollah Mohammadian-Hafshejani, Mohammad Esmaeilpour Aghdam, Mahdi Mohammadian, Farzad Maleki
OBJECTIVE: To investigate trend and seasonal pattern of occurrence and mortality of motorcycle accidents in patients referred to hospitals of Isfahan. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out using traffic accidents data of Isfahan province, extracted from Ministry of Health (MOH) database from 2006 to 2010. During the study period, 83648 people injured due to motorcycle traffic accidents were referred to hospitals, all of them entered in the study. Logistic regression model was used to calculate the hospital mortality odds ratio, and Cochrane-Armitage test was used for assessment of linear trend...
January 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242065/the-impact-of-helmet-use-on-outcomes-after-a-motorcycle-crash
#15
Desmond Khor, Kenji Inaba, Alberto Aiolfi, Samantha Delapena, Elizabeth Benjamin, Kazuhide Matsushima, Aaron M Strumwasser, Demetrios Demetriades
BACKGROUND: Helmet use in a motorcycle collision has been shown to reduce head injury and death. Its protective effect on the cervical spine (C-spine), however, remains unclear. The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between helmet use and C-spine injuries. METHOD: Retrospective National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) study. All motorcycle collisions between 2007 and 2014 involving either a driver or passenger were included. Data collected included demographics, vital signs, Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS) and specific injuries...
February 20, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236131/free-serratus-anterior-artery-perforator-flap-a-case-report-with-an-anatomic-and-radiological-study
#16
Serena Tamburino, Tiphaine Menez, Jérôme Laloze, Audrey Michot, Pierre Paillet, Rosario Emanuele Perrotta, Vincent Casoli
Perforator flaps have become very popular in reconstructive surgery. The thoracodorsal and lateral thoracic artery perforator flaps are highly studied, and successful clinical series have been reported, whereas the literature concerning the lateral intercostal and serratus anterior artery perforator flaps is quite poor and their vascular anatomy needs yet to be clarified. We describe a case of free serratus anterior artery perforator flap for the reconstruction of a dorsal defect of the foot, followed by an anatomic and radiological study...
February 24, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230901/-1-h-nmr-with-multivariate-analysis-for-automobile-lubricant-comparison
#17
Siwon Kim, Dahye Yoon, Dong-Kye Lee, Changshin Yoon, Suhkmann Kim
Identification of suspected automobile-related lubricants could provide valuable information in forensic cases. We examined that automobile lubricants might exhibit the chemometric characteristics to their individual usages. To compare the degree of clustering in the plots, we co-plotted general industrial oils that were highly dissimilar with automobile lubricants in additive compositions. (1) H-NMR spectroscopy was used with multivariate statistics as a tool for grouping, clustering, and identification of automobile lubricants in laboratory conditions...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230676/rollback-of-michigan-s-motorcycle-helmet-law-results-in-more-head-injuries
#18
Lucy Wang Halpern
Helmet nonuse and intoxication increase trauma and fatalities.
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210405/titanium-clamps-for-a-simple-low-profile-autologous-osteosynthesis-in-the-reconstruction-of-posttraumatic-craniofacial-convexital-skeletal-disruption
#19
Amos Olufemi Adeleye, Toluyemi Adefolarin Malomo
Attempts at reconstruction of posttraumatic craniofacial defects (PTCDs) can be a challenge in low-resource practice areas of the world where the needed biomaterials are logistically beyond reach. A simple low-profile technique of autologous osteosynthesis for PTCD using the titanium clamps is presented in this report. In addition, a 6-year prospective database on a consecutive cohort of patients who underwent this procedure was analyzed for clinical, functional, and aesthetic outcomes, both in-hospital and at midterm follow-up...
March 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209449/maxillofacial-and-concomitant-serious-injuries-an-eight-year-single-center-experience
#20
Fausto Fama, Marco Cicciu, Alessandro Sindoni, Enrico Nastro-Siniscalchi, Roberto Falzea, Gabriele Cervino, Francesca Polito, Francesco De Ponte, Maria Gioffre-Florio
PURPOSE: Maxillofacial injuries are frequently associated with multiple trauma and can determine functional and aesthetic bad outcomes. The severity of maxillofacial injuries may be considerable and can divert clinicians' attention from other concomitant injuries which is less evident but potentially life-threatening. The aim of this study was to find out the concomitant injuries in patients referred to the Emergency Department (ED) of the University Hospital of Messina (North-East Sicily, Italy) for maxillofacial traumas...
February 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
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