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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642650/epidemiological-study-on-lisfranc-injuries
#1
Marcel Faraco Sobrado, Guilherme Honda Saito, Marcos Hideyo Sakaki, Pedro Augusto Pontin, Alexandre Leme Godoy Dos Santos, Túlio Diniz Fernandes
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the characteristics of patients with Lisfranc injuries and their associated fractures . METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis on 42 patients with Lisfranc injuries hospitalized at Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, between 2006 and 2010. Parameters on patient profile, risk factors, fracture characteristics, data on treatment and acute complications were analyzed ...
January 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637553/more-helmets-fewer-deaths-motorcycle-helmet-legislation-impacts-traumatic-brain-injury-related-mortality-in-young-adults
#2
Ahmed Hassan, Tahereh Orouji Jokar, Peter Rhee, Kareem Ibraheem, Narong Kulvatunyou, Kathryn Tinsley Anderson, Lynn Gries, Zachary Thomas Roward, Bellal Joseph
The aim of our study was to assess the impact of helmet legislations on the incidence and the mortality rate of motorcycle collision (MCC)-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) in young adult trauma patients. A 1-year (2011) retrospective analysis was performed of all patients under 21 years old with trauma-related hospitalization using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database (representing 20% of all in-patient admissions). Patients with MCC were identified using E-codes. States were classified into three groups based on helmet legislations: universal age helmet legislation, <18 years helmet legislation, and <21 years helmet legislation...
June 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613096/emergency-department-visits-by-pediatric-patients-sustained-as-a-passenger-on-a-motorcycle
#3
Allison Tadros, Stephanie Owen, Shelley M Hoffman, Stephen M Davis, Melinda J Sharon
OBJECTIVE: Currently only five out of the fifty states in the United States (U.S.) have laws restricting the age of passengers permitted to ride on a motorcycle. This study sought to characterize the visits by patients under the age of 16 to US emergency departments (ED) for injuries sustained as a passenger on a motorcycle. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, data were obtained from the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) for the years 2006 to 2011...
June 14, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538576/the-effects-of-motorcycle-helmet-legislation-on-craniomaxillofacial-injuries
#4
Nicholas S Adams, Patrick A Newbury, Mitchell G Eichhorn, Alan T Davis, Robert J Mann, John W Polley, John A Girotto
BACKGROUND: Motorcycle helmet legislation has been a contentious topic for over a half-century. Benefits of helmet use in motorcycle trauma patients are well documented. In 2012, Michigan repealed its universal motorcycle helmet law in favor of a partial helmet law. The authors describe the early clinical effects on facial injuries throughout Michigan. METHODS: Retrospective data from the Michigan Trauma Quality Improvement Program trauma database were evaluated...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538377/time-distribution-of-injury-related-in-hospital-mortality-in-a-trauma-referral-center-in-south-of-iran-2010-2015
#5
Hamidreza Abbasi, Shahram Bolandparvaz, Mahnaz Yadollahi, Mehrdad Anvar, Zahra Farahgol
In Iran, there are no studies addressing trauma death timing and factors affecting time of death after injuries. This study aimed to examine time distribution of trauma deaths in an urban major trauma referral center with respect to victims' injury characteristics during 2010 to 2015.This was a cross-sectional study of adult trauma-related in-hospital deaths resulting from traffic-related accidents, falls, and violence-related injuries. Information on injury characteristics and time interval between admission and death was extracted from 3 hospital databases...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529012/the-epidemiology-and-hotspots-of-road-traffic-injuries-in-moshi-tanzania-an-observational-study
#6
Joseph M Reardon, Luciano Andrade, Julian Hertz, George Kiwango, Anneth Teu, Msafiri Pesambili, Deena El-Gabri, Michael Hocker, Mark Mvungi, João Ricardo N Vissoci, Catherine A Staton
Road traffic injuries (RTIs) continue to increase with the proliferation of motor vehicles, especially in low-income countries where safe road infrastructure is lacking. Knowing where and why RTIs occur would allow for increased safety and prevention planning. In this study, police records of 300 motor vehicle collisions which occurred between February 2013 and January 2014 in Moshi, Tanzania were reviewed. Analysis of variables including victim age, gender, type of collision, conditions, and use of safety equipment were analyzed...
May 3, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526357/universal-motorcycle-helmet-laws-to-reduce-injuries-a-community-guide-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Yinan Peng, Namita Vaidya, Ramona Finnie, Jeffrey Reynolds, Cristian Dumitru, Gibril Njie, Randy Elder, Rebecca Ivers, Chika Sakashita, Ruth A Shults, David A Sleet, Richard P Compton
CONTEXT: Motorcycle crashes account for a disproportionate number of motor vehicle deaths and injuries in the U.S. Motorcycle helmet use can lead to an estimated 42% reduction in risk for fatal injuries and a 69% reduction in risk for head injuries. However, helmet use in the U.S. has been declining and was at 60% in 2013. The current review examines the effectiveness of motorcycle helmet laws in increasing helmet use and reducing motorcycle-related deaths and injuries. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Databases relevant to health or transportation were searched from database inception to August 2012...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526356/motorcycle-helmet-laws-prevent-injury-and-save-lives-recommendation-of-the-community-preventive-services-task-force
#8
Yinan Peng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521903/motorcycle-related-hospitalizations-of-the-elderly
#9
Ching-Hua Hsieh, Hang-Tsung Liu, Shiun-Yuan Hsu, Hsiao-Yun Hsieh, Yi-Chun Chen
BACKGROUND: To investigate the injury pattern, mechanisms, severity, and mortality of the elderly hospitalized for treatment of trauma following motorcycle accidents. METHODS: Motorcycle-related hospitalization of 994 elderly and 5078 adult patients from the 16,548 hospitalized patients registered in the Trauma Registry System between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2013. RESULTS: The motorcycle-related elderly trauma patients had higher injury severity, less favorable outcomes, higher proportion of patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU), prolonged hospital and ICU stays and higher mortality than those adult motorcycle riders...
April 2017: Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521902/differences-between-the-sexes-in-motorcycle-related-injuries-and-fatalities-at-a-taiwanese-level-i-trauma-center
#10
Ching-Hua Hsieh, Shiun-Yuan Hsu, Hsiao-Yun Hsieh, Yi-Chun Chen
BACKGROUND: Female patients present with unique physiological and behavioral characteristics compared to male patients. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the injury patterns, injury characteristics, and mortality of male and female patients hospitalized for treatment of motorcycle accident-related trauma in a level I trauma center. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of motorcycle-related injuries from the Trauma Registry System was performed to identify and compare 4028 male and 2919 female patients hospitalized for treatment between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2013...
April 2017: Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511360/refined-2013-based-vehicle-emission-inventory-and-its-spatial-and-temporal-characteristics-in-zhengzhou-china
#11
Mimi Gong, Shasha Yin, Xingke Gu, Yuanqian Xu, Nan Jiang, Ruiqin Zhang
Vehicle emission is becoming one of the most important pollution sources because of the increase in vehicle population and activity in China. A more reasonable and complete vehicle emission inventory in Zhengzhou for the year 2013 was developed in this study. This inventory is suitable for local emission factors and vehicle kilometers of travel. Estimates show that the total carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbon (HC), nitrogen oxide (NOX), particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions were 291Gg, 35Gg, 106Gg, 6Gg, 7Gg, and 3Gg, respectively...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508713/investigation-of-the-reasons-for-not-using-helmet-among-motorcyclists-in-kerman-iran
#12
Aliasghar Maghsoudi, Dariush Boostani, Manoochehr Rafeiee
This study was carried out to investigate reasoning and interpretation of motorcyclists for not using helmet utilizing qualitative methodology of 'grounded theory'. The field of the study was Kerman, a cultural-historical city at the south-east of Iran. Participants were 21 young male motorcyclists. Two sampling strategies were used: maximum variation and snowball sampling. To collect data, in-depth, open-ended interviews were conducted. Data analysis yielded seven categories: fatalism; a barrier to social relationships; peer group pressure and negative labelling; messing up the appearance; disturbance in hearing and vision; barrier to normal breathing; and heaviness and superfluity of helmet...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507612/pattern-of-injuries-in-fatal-motorcycle-accidents-seen-in-lagos-state-university-teaching-hospital-an-autopsy-based-study
#13
Francis Faduyile, Festus Emiogun, Sunday Soyemi, Olugbenga Oyewole, Uche Okeke, Oluseun Williams
BACKGROUND: Deaths from motorcycle accident injuries have remained a major public health issue in Nigeria over the years. AIM: The study is to determine the age and gender distribution of the victims and to identify the cause of death and the anatomical pattern of injuries seen. METHODOLOGY: This is a 5-year autopsy-based study of all motorcycle accident deaths seen in Lagos State University Teaching Hospital between December 2009 and November 2014...
April 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506530/ipsilateral-proximal-and-shaft-femoral-fractures
#14
Eric Lawson, Soumaila Madougou, Pascal Chigblo, Gildas Quenum, Abdourahmane Ouangré, Fiacre Tidjani, Oswald Goukodadja, Aristote Hans-Moevi Akué
PURPOSE: To study the management and evaluate anatomical and functional outcomes of patients with ipsilateral proximal and shaft femoral fractures. METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive and analytic study lasted for ten years and a half ranging from January 1, 2005 to June 30, 2015. The following parameters were studied: epidemiology, fracture characteristics, therapeutic, anatomical and functional outcomes. The correlation between different parameters was analyzed with Fischer test...
April 19, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497637/successful-use-of-rivaroxaban-in-inferior-vena-cava-thrombosis-provoked-by-multiple-traumatic-injuries-and-surgeries-a-case-report
#15
K Kido, E Noyes, L Gutnik
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVES: There is a lack of consensus regarding optimal anticoagulation regimen and duration for inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombus due to the paucity of clinical evidence. A case of IVC thrombus treated with 3 months of rivaroxaban therapy is reported. CASE DESCRIPTION: Fifty-two-year-old male Caucasian presented following a motorcycle accident, with multiple left rib fractures requiring emergent amputation surgeries. During the hospitalization, he developed IVC thrombosis and completed 3 months of rivaroxaban treatment without any complication...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494162/are-automatic-systems-the-future-of-motorcycle-safety-a-novel-methodology-to-prioritize-potential-safety-solutions-based-on-their-projected-effectiveness
#16
Gustavo Gil, Giovanni Savino, Simone Piantini, Niccolò Baldanzini, Riender Happee, Marco Pierini
OBJECTIVE: Motorcycle riders are involved in significantly more crashes per kilometer driven than passenger car drivers. Nonetheless, the development and implementation of motorcycle safety systems lags far behind that of passenger cars. This research addresses the identification of the most effective motorcycle safety solutions in the context of different countries. METHODS: A Knowledge-Based system of Motorcycle Safety (KBMS) was developed to assess the potential for various safety solutions to mitigate or avoid motorcycle crashes...
May 11, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492780/-epidemiological-profile-of-traffic-accidents-in-mar%C3%A3-lia-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-state-brazil-2012
#17
Carina Rejane Fernandes Biffe, Airi Harada, Alexander Bocchi Bacco, Carine Silveira Coelho, João Lucas Ferrareto Baccarelli, Karoline Lopes Silva, Luzmarina Aparecida Doretto Braccialli, Margarete Beloni, Maria Luiza Guidinho Bernardes, Stephanie Ribeiro Lacerda, Thainá Inoue Silva
OBJECTIVE: to describe the profile of victims of traffic accidents and traffic-related deaths in Marília-SP, Brazil. METHODS: this is a descriptive study, based on data from police reports (PR) and Death Certificates (DC), in 2012. RESULTS: 1,537 PR were gathered; among the 3,257 individuals involved in traffic accidents, 67.3% were men, and 53.3% were between 20-39 years of age; most accidents occurred on road intersections (35.2%), at 8 a...
April 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489206/lower-extremity-reconstruction-epidemiology-management-and-outcomes-of-patients-of-the-federal-district-north-wing-regional-hospital
#18
Jefferson Lessa Soares Macedo, Simone Corrêa Rosa, Daniel Lobo Botelho, Clendes Pereira Dos Santos, Murilo Neves DE Queiroz, Tabatha Gonçalves Andrade Castelo Branco Gomes
Objective: to evaluate the management of lower limbs complex traumatic injuries by analyzing their characteristics, types, conduct and evolution, with emphasis on surgical treatment. Methods: we conducted a prospective study of patients treated by Plastic Surgery at a regional hospital of the Federal District during a one-year period. We collected data through serial evaluations and telephone contact records. Results: we studied 40 patients, with a mean age of 25...
January 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488619/peripheral-nerve-injuries-a-retrospective-survey-of-1124-cases
#19
João A Kouyoumdjian, Carla R Graça, Vanessa F M Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Peripheral nerve injuries (PNIs) remain an important health problem often leading to severe motor disabilities predominantly in the younger population. OBJECTIVE: To analyze our experience of clinical and electrodiagnostic evaluation (EDX) of PNIs over a 26-year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1989 and 2014, 1124 consecutive patients with 1418 PNIs were referred for clinical as well as EDX evaluation. These PNIs involved upper and lower limbs as well as the facial nerves...
May 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487043/epidemiology-of-road-traffic-injury-patients-presenting-to-a-tertiary-hospital-in-hyderabad-india
#20
Isaac W Howley, Shivam Gupta, Shailaja Tetali, Lakshmi K Josyula, Shirin Wadhwaniya, Gopalkrishna Gururaj, Mohan Rao, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: Road traffic injuries kill more people in India than in any other country in the world, and these numbers are rising with increasing population density and motorization. Official statistics regarding road traffic injuries are likely subject to underreporting. This study presents results of a surveillance program based at a public tertiary hospital in Hyderabad, India. METHODS: All consenting patients who presented to the casualty ward after a road traffic injury over a 9-month period were enrolled...
May 6, 2017: Surgery
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