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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935771/quantum-acoustics-with-superconducting-qubits
#1
Yiwen Chu, Prashanta Kharel, William H Renninger, Luke D Burkhart, Luigi Frunzio, Peter T Rakich, Robert J Schoelkopf
Mechanical objects have important practical applications in the fields of quantum information and metrology as quantum memories or transducers for measuring and connecting different types of quantum systems. The field of electromechanics is in pursuit of a robust and highly coherent device that couples motion to nonlinear quantum objects such as superconducting qubits. Here, we experimentally demonstrate a high-frequency bulk acoustic wave resonator that is strongly coupled to a superconducting qubit using piezoelectric transduction with a cooperativity of 260...
September 21, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933470/sm-ti-co-substituted-bismuth-ferrite-multiferroics-reciprocity-between-tetragonality-and-piezoelectricity
#2
Pardeep K Jha, Priyanka A Jha, Prabhakar Singh, Rajeev Ranjan, R K Dwivedi
BiFeO3 (BFO) systems co-modified with Ti, Sm and Sm-Ti have been investigated for piezoelectricity together with dielectric and multiferroic properties. Structural studies revealed the coexistence of orthorhombic and rhombohedral (R3c) phases for x > 0.12. Impurity phases were shown to have hardly any effect on the remanent magnetization, which rather depends on the Fe-O-Fe bond angle. The dielectric loss was reduced considerably by substitution. A correlation between the piezoelectric coefficient and tetragonality was observed in these samples...
September 21, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929772/bismuth-oxychalocogenides-a-new-class-of-ferroelectric-ferroelastic-materials-with-ultra-high-mobility
#3
Menghao Wu, Xiao Cheng Zeng
Atomically thin Bi2O2Se has been recently synthesized and it possesses ultra-high mobility (Nat Nanotech. 2017, 12, 530; Nano Lett. 2017, 17, 3021). Herein, we show first-principles evidence that Bi2O2Se and a related class of bismuth oxychalcogenides, such as Bi2O2S and Bi2O2Te, not only are novel semiconductors with ultra-high mobility but also possesses previously unreported ferroelectricity/ferroelasticity. Such a unique combination of semiconducting with ferroelectric/ferroelastic properties enables bismuth oxychalcogenides to potentially meet a great challenge, that is, integration of room-temperature functional non-volatile memories into future nanocircuits...
September 20, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929363/all-in-one-low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-stimulation-system-using-piezoelectric-micromachined-ultrasonic-transducer-pmut-arrays-for-targeted-cell-stimulation
#4
Wonjun Lee, Seungjun Yoo, Joontaek Jung, Woojin Kang, Wei Wang, Cheil Moon, Hongsoo Choi
A novel cell-stimulation system was fabricated using 10 × 29 piezoelectric micromachined ultrasonic transducer (pMUT) arrays for targeted ultrasonic cell stimulation. Both the diameter of a single pMUT element and the edge-to-edge gap were 120 μm, and the size of a pMUT array was 2.27 × 6.84 mm, to be placed at the bottom of a Transwell. The measured resonance frequency of a single pMUT element was 1.48 ± 0.13 MHz and the measured acoustic intensity of the pMUT array was 0.15 ± 0.03 MPa at 1 mm away from the transducer...
September 19, 2017: Biomedical Microdevices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928447/the-roles-of-wettability-and-surface-tension-in-droplet-formation-during-inkjet-printing
#5
Bing He, Sucui Yang, Zhangrong Qin, Binghai Wen, Chaoying Zhang
This paper describes a lattice Boltzmann-based binary fluid model for inkjet printing. In this model, a time-dependent driving force is applied to actuate the droplet ejection. As a result, the actuation can be accurately controlled by adjusting the intensity and duration of the positive and negative forces, as well as the idle time. The present model was verified by reproducing the actual single droplet ejection process captured by fast imaging. This model was subsequently used to investigate droplet formation in piezoelectric inkjet printing...
September 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927004/large-electrocaloric-effect-in-lead-free-ba0-85ca0-15-zr0-1ti0-9-o%C3%A2-ceramics-prepared-via-citrate-route
#6
Jing Shi, Rongfeng Zhu, Xing Liu, Bijun Fang, Ningyi Yuan, Jianning Ding, Haosu Luo
The 1 wt % Li-doped (Ba0.85Ca0.15)(Zr0.1Ti0.9)O₃ (BCZT-Li) ceramics prepared by the citrate method exhibit improved phase purity, densification and electrical properties, which provide prospective possibility to develop high-performance electrocaloric materials. The electrocaloric effect was evaluated by phenomenological method, and the BCZT-Li ceramics present large electrocaloric temperature change ∆T, especially large electrocaloric responsibility ξ = ∆Tmax/∆Emax, which can be comparable to the largest values reported in the lead-free piezoelectric ceramics...
September 18, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926769/experimental-study-of-time-response-of-bending-deformation-of-bone-cantilevers-in-an-electric-field
#7
Huimin Kang, Zhende Hou, Qing-Hua Qin
Bone is a complex composite material with hierarchical structures and anisotropic mechanical properties. Bone also processes electromechanical properties, such as piezoelectricity and streaming potentials, which termed as stress generated potentials. Furthermore, the electrostrictive effect and flexoelectric effect can also affect electromechanical properties of the bone. In the present work, time responses of bending deflections of bone cantilever in an external electric field are measured experimentally to investigate bone's electromechanical behavior...
September 13, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920894/electro-thermal-equivalent-3d-finite-element-model-of-a-single-neuron
#8
I Cinelli, M Destrade, M Duffy, P McHugh
OBJECTIVE: We propose a novel approach for modelling the inter-dependence of electrical and mechanical phenomena in nervous cells, by using electro-thermal equivalences in finite element (FE) analysis so that existing thermo-mechanical tools can be applied. METHODS: First, the equivalence between electrical and thermal properties of the nerve materials is established, and results of a pure heat conduction analysis performed in Abaqus CAE Software 6.13-3 are validated with analytical solutions for a range of steady and transient conditions...
September 14, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917149/a-comparison-study-between-electrospun-polycaprolactone-and-piezoelectric-poly-3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate-scaffolds-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#9
Svetlana N Gorodzha, Albert R Muslimov, Dina S Syromotina, Alexander S Timin, Nikolai Y Tcvetkov, Kirill V Lepik, Aleksandra V Petrova, Maria A Surmeneva, Dmitry A Gorin, Gleb B Sukhorukov, Roman A Surmenev
In this study, bone scaffolds composed of polycaprolactone (PCL), piezoelectric poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) and a combination of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) and silicate containing hydroxyapatite (PHBV-SiHA) were successfully fabricated by a conventional electrospinning process. The morphological, chemical, wetting and biological properties of the scaffolds were examined. All fabricated scaffolds are composed of randomly oriented fibres with diameters from 800nm to 12μm...
September 5, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914768/tilted-fiber-bragg-grating-sensor-with-graphene-oxide-coating-for-humidity-sensing
#10
Yung-Da Chiu, Chao-Wei Wu, Chia-Chin Chiang
In this study, we propose a tilted fiber Bragg grating (TFBG) humidity sensor fabricated using the phase mask method to produce a TFBG that was then etched with five different diameters of 20, 35, 50, 55 and 60 μm, after which piezoelectric inkjet technology was used to coat the grating with graphene oxide. According to the experimental results, the diameter of 20 μm yielded the best sensitivity. In addition, the experimental results showed that the wavelength sensitivity was -0.01 nm/%RH and the linearity was 0...
September 15, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914536/determination-of-the-true-lateral-grain-size-in-organic-inorganic-halide-perovskite-thin-films
#11
Gordon A MacDonald, Chelsea M Heveran, Mengjin Yang, David Moore, Kai Zhu, Virginia L Ferguson, Jason P Killgore, Frank William DelRio
In this letter, methylammonium lead iodide (MAPbI3) thin films were examined via piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM) and nanoindentation (NI) to determine if long-range atomic order existed across the full width and depth of the apparent grains. From the PFM, the piezoelectric response of the films was strongly correlated with low-index planes of the crystal structure and ferroelastic domains in macro-scale solution-grown MAPbI3 crystals, which implied long-range order near the top surface. From the NI, it was found that the induced cracks were straight and extended across the full width of the apparent grains, which indicated that the long-range order was not limited to the near-surface region, but extended through the film thickness...
September 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914318/analytical-numerical-and-experimental-studies-of-viscoelastic-effects-on-the-performance-of-soft-piezoelectric-nanocomposites
#12
Jing Li, Zhiren Zhu, Lichen Fang, Shu Guo, Ugur Erturun, Zeyu Zhu, James E West, Somnath Ghosh, Sung Hoon Kang
Piezoelectric composite (p-NC) made of a polymeric matrix and piezoelectric nanoparticles with conductive additives is an attractive material for many applications. As the matrix of p-NC is made of viscoelastic materials, both elastic and viscous characteristics of the matrix are expected to contribute to the piezoelectric response of p-NC. However, there is limited understanding of how viscoelasticity influences the piezoelectric performance of p-NC. Here we combined analytical and numerical analyses with experimental studies to investigate effects of viscoelasticity on piezoelectric performance of p-NC...
September 15, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911211/are-there-intracellular-ca2-oscillations-correlated-with-flagellar-beating-in-human-sperm-a-three-vs-two-dimensional-analysis
#13
G Corkidi, F Montoya, P Hernández-Herrera, W A Ríos-Herrera, M F Müller, C L Treviño, A Darszon
STUDY QUESTION: Are there intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) oscillations correlated with flagellar beating in human sperm? SUMMARY ANSWER: The results reveal statistically significant [Ca2+]i oscillations that are correlated with the human sperm flagellar beating frequency, when measured in three-dimensions (3D). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Fast [Ca2+]i oscillations that are correlated to the beating flagellar frequency of cells swimming in a restricted volume have been detected in hamster sperm...
September 1, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902139/autonomous-sensors-powered-by-energy-harvesting-from-von-karman-vortices-in-airflow
#14
Marco Demori, Marco Ferrari, Arianna Bonzanini, Pietro Poesio, Vittorio Ferrari
In this paper an energy harvesting system based on a piezoelectric converter to extract energy from airflow and use it to power battery-less sensors is presented. The converter is embedded as a part of a flexure beam that is put into vibrations by von Karman vortices detached from a bluff body placed upstream. The vortex street has been investigated by Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations, aiming at assessing the vortex shedding frequency as a function of the flow velocity. From the simulation results the preferred positioning of the beam behind the bluff body has been derived...
September 13, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901736/facile-fabrication-of-flexible-linbo3-piezoelectric-sensor-through-hot-pressing-for-biomechanical-monitoring
#15
Muzhen Xu, Hua Kang, Li Guan, Huayi Li, Meining Zhang
Wearable pressure sensors due to their portability and flexibility, have been attracting increasing attention for biomechanical monitoring. However, although great advances have been made by many efforts, the sensors with good performance produced by facile methods are insufficient. Here, we present a simple method for simple manufacturing one flexible and self-powered piezoelectric sensor based on LiNbO3 (LN) particles. The LN particles are dispersed in polypropylene (PP) doped with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) through hot-pressing (200°C), forming LN/MWCNTs/PP piezoelectric composite film (PCF) flexible sensor...
September 13, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900873/numerical-analysis-of-intracochlear-mechanical-auditory-stimulation-using-piezoelectric-bending-actuators
#16
Daniel Schurzig, Sebastian Schwarzendahl, Jörg Wallaschek, Wouter J van Drunen, Thomas S Rau, Thomas Lenarz, Omid Majdani
Cochlear implantation can restore a certain degree of auditory impression of patients suffering from profound hearing loss or deafness. Furthermore, studies have shown that in case of residual hearing, patients benefit from the use of a hearing aid in addition to the cochlear implant. The presented studies aim at the improvement of this electromechanical stimulation (EMS) approach by substituting the external hearing aid by an internal stimulus provided by miniaturized piezoelectric actuators. Finite element analyses are performed in order to derive fundamental guidelines for the actuator layout aiming at maximal mechanical stimuli...
September 13, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900517/bone-inspired-spatially-specific-piezoelectricity-induces-bone-regeneration
#17
Peng Yu, Chengyun Ning, Yu Zhang, Guoxin Tan, Zefeng Lin, Shaoxiang Liu, Xiaolan Wang, Haoqi Yang, Kang Li, Xin Yi, Ye Zhu, Chuanbin Mao
The extracellular matrix of bone can be pictured as a material made of parallel interspersed domains of fibrous piezoelectric collagenous materials and non-piezoelectric non-collagenous materials. To mimic this feature for enhanced bone regeneration, a material made of two parallel interspersed domains, with higher and lower piezoelectricity, respectively, is constructed to form microscale piezoelectric zones (MPZs). The MPZs are produced using a versatile and effective laser-irradiation technique in which K0...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900226/a-controllable-and-integrated-pump-enabled-microfluidic-chip-and-its-application-in-droplets-generating
#18
Bei Zhao, Xingye Cui, Wei Ren, Feng Xu, Ming Liu, Zuo-Guang Ye
A microfluidic chip with a controllable and integrated piezoelectric pump was proposed and demonstrated, where the pump was designed as a micro-actuator based on polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) organic piezoelectric film. In this case, the pump should integrate with the microfluidics device very well into one chip. The flow rate can be precisely controlled in the range of 0-300 µl/min for water by tuning the Vpp and frequency of Alternating Current (AC) voltage applied on the diaphragm. To analyze the relationship between the flow rate and the deflection of diaphragm, the deformations of diaphragm at different voltages were researched...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898731/ferroelectric-spontaneous-polarization-steering-charge-carriers-migration-for-promoting-photocatalysis-and-molecular-oxygen-activation
#19
Hongwei Huang, Shuchen Tu, Xin Du, Yihe Zhang
Introducing a polarization electric field in photocatalyst system is regarded asa new concept for photocatalytic activity enhancement. In this work, we first unearth that the spontaneous polarization of ferroelectric BaTiO3 promotes the photocatalytic and molecular oxygen activation performance of the narrow-band-gap semiconductor BiOI. Ferroelectric tetragonal-phase BaTiO3 (T-BaTiO3) were prepared via calcination of nonferroelectric cubic-phase BaTiO3 (C-BaTiO3), and their polarization ability was verified via ultrasonication-assisted piezoelectric catalytic degradation...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895720/temperature-insensitive-piezoelectric-performance-in-pb-zr0-52ti0-42sn0-02nb0-04-o3-ceramics-prepared-by-spark-plasma-sintering
#20
Bing Han, Chunlin Zhao, Zhi-Xiang Zhu, Xin Chen, Yu Han, Duan Hu, Mao-Hua Zhang, Hao Cheng Thong, Ke Wang
Dense Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.42Sn0.02Nb0.04)O3 high-performance piezoceramics were prepared by spark plasma sintering. Phase structure, domain structure, and temperature-dependent electrical properties were systematically investigated. The spark-plasma-sintered ceramics possess a pure perovskite structure with rhombohedral-tetragonal (R-T) phase boundaries and a high Curie temperature of 347 °C. Reliable performance against temperature was observed. First, high strain behavior with a normalized strain d33* of 640 and 710 pm/V occurred at 25 and 150 °C, respectively, varying less than 11%...
September 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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