keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sex differences

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783137/body-composition-as-a-predictor-of-physical-performance-in-older-age-a-ten-year-follow-up-of-the-helsinki-birth-cohort-study
#1
Tuija M Mikkola, Mikaela B von Bonsdorff, Minna K Salonen, Mika Simonen, Pertti Pohjolainen, Clive Osmond, Mia-Maria Perälä, Taina Rantanen, Eero Kajantie, Johan G Eriksson
BACKGROUND: This study assessed how different measures of body composition predict physical performance ten years later among older adults. METHODS: The participants were 1076 men and women aged 57 to 70 years. Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and body composition (bioelectrical impedance analysis) were measured at baseline and physical performance (Senior Fitness Test) ten years later. Linear regression analyses were adjusted for age, education, smoking, duration of the follow-up and physical activity...
May 14, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783104/school-climate-and-physical-adolescent-relationship-abuse-differences-by-sex-socioeconomic-status-and-bullying
#2
Sonia Jain, Alison K Cohen, Taylor Paglisotti, Malavika A Subramanyam, Alison Chopel, Elizabeth Miller
Little is known about the association between school climate and adolescent relationship abuse (ARA). We used 2011-2012 data from surveys of California public school students (in the United States of America) who were in a dating relationship in the last year (n = 112 378) to quantify the association between different school climate constructs and physical ARA. Fifty-two percent of students were female, and all students were in 9th or 11th grade (approximately ages 14-17). Over 11% of students reported experiencing physical ARA in the last year...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783093/a-direct-plasma-mirna-assay-for-early-detection-and-histological-classification-of-lung-cancer
#3
Qixin Leng, Yue Wang, Feng Jiang
Cell-free microRNAs in plasma provide circulating biomarkers for lung cancer. Most techniques for analysis of miRNAs require a large plasma volume to purify a sufficient RNA yield followed by complicated downstream processing. Small differences in the multiple procedures often cause large analytical variations and poor diagnostic values of the plasma biomarkers. Here we investigate whether directly quantifying plasma miRNAs without RNA purification could diagnose lung cancer. FirePlex assay was directly applied to 20 μl plasma of 56 lung cancer patients and 28 cancer free controls for quantifying 11 lung tumor-associated miRNAs...
May 17, 2018: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782915/new-insights-into-the-natural-course-of-knee-osteoarthritis-early-regulation-of-cytokines-and-growth-factors-with-emphasis-on-sex-dependent-angiogenesis-and-tissue-remodeling-a-pilot-study
#4
Kalle Kisand, Ann Tamm, Mare Lintrop, Agu Tamm
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to identify cytokine profiles associated with radiographic phenotypes of knee osteoarthritis (rKOA) with a focus on early stage of the disease. METHODS: The pilot population study involved 60 middle-aged patients (mean age 50±7.3y.). Standardized weight-bearing anteroposterior and axial radiographs were used to assess rKOA severity in tibiofemoral (TFJ) of patellofemoral joint (PFJ) by grading system (grades 0-3). Luminex (xMAP® ) technology was used to simultaneously assess 60 biomarkers...
May 18, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782505/are-pension-types-associated-with-happiness-in-japanese-older-people-jages-cross-sectional-study
#5
Ichiro Sasaki, Katsunori Kondo, Naoki Kondo, Jun Aida, Hiroshi Ichikawa, Takashi Kusumi, Naoya Sueishi, Yuichi Imanaka
BACKGROUND: Although many previous studies have examined the determinants of happiness in older adults, few have investigated the association between pension types and happiness. When compared to other conventional socioeconomic indicators, pension types may be more indicative of long-term socioeconomic status as they can reflect a person's job history over their life course. This study examined the association between pension types and happiness in Japanese older people. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey data from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study were used to analyze the association between pension types and happiness...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782468/potential-role-of-gut-microbiota-in-als-pathogenesis-and-possible-novel-therapeutic-strategies
#6
Letizia Mazzini, Luca Mogna, Fabiola De Marchi, Angela Amoruso, Marco Pane, Irene Aloisio, Nicole Bozzi Cionci, Francesca Gaggìa, Ausiliatrice Lucenti, Enrica Bersano, Roberto Cantello, Diana Di Gioia, Giovanni Mogna
BACKGROUND: Recent preclinical studies suggest that dysfunction of gastrointestinal tract may play a role in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) pathogenesis through a modification of the gut microbiota brain axis. Our study is the first focused on microbiota analysis in ALS patients. AIM: Our aim was to study the main human gut microbial groups and the overall microbial diversity in ALS and healthy subjects. Moreover we have examined the influence of a treatment with a specific bacteriotherapy composed of Lactobacillus strains (Lactobacillus fermentum, Lactobacillus delbrueckii, Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus salivarius) acting on the gastrointestinal barrier...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782444/prevalence-of-hearing-impairment-in-mahabubnagar-district-telangana-state-india
#7
Tess Bright, Islay Mactaggart, Hannah Kuper, G V Murthy, Sarah Polack
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of hearing impairment in Mahabubnagar district, Telangana state, India. METHODS: A population-based prevalence survey of hearing impairment was undertaken in 2014. Fifty-one clusters of 80 people aged 6 months and older were selected using probability-proportionate-to-size sampling. A two-stage hearing screening was conducted using otoacoustic emissions on all participants followed by pure-tone audiometry on those aged 4 years and older who failed otoacoustic emissions...
May 16, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782305/tatami-mats-a-source-of-pitted-keratolysis-in-a-martial-arts-athlete
#8
Anamaria Balić, Zrinka Bukvić Mokos, Branka Marinović, Daniela Ledić Drvar
Dear Editor, Pitted keratolysis (PK), also known as keratosis plantaris sulcatum, is a non-inflammatory, bacterial, superficial cutaneous infection, characterized by many discrete superficial crateriform ''pits'' and erosions in the thickly keratinized skin of the weight-bearing regions of the soles of the feet (1). The disease often goes unnoticed by the patient, but when it is noticed it is because of the unbearable malodor and hyperhidrosis of the feet, which are socially unacceptable and cause great anxiety to many of the patients...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782302/reasons-for-not-using-condoms-among-heterosexual-men-in-belgrade-serbia
#9
Milan Bjekić, Sandra Sipetić-Grujičić, Hristina Vlajinac, Aleksandra Nikolić
Dear Editor, Proper and consistent use of male condoms can be a highly effective method of preventing the transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV (1), but this method relies on men's willingness and ability to use condoms. In the United States of America, about 20% overall and less than 50% of adults with multiple partners used a condom at last intercourse (2). In Serbia in 2013 (3), 50.0% of women and 62.5% of men aged 15-49 who had more than one partner in the past year used a condom during their last intercourse...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781969/an-ecological-approach-toward-prevention-and-care-of-victims-of-domestic-minor-sex-trafficking
#10
Rosario V Sanchez, Dula F Pacquiao
Sex trafficking is a widespread form of human trafficking that exists globally. The forced sexual exploitation of young women for profit at the hands of traffickers is a human rights violation. Sex trafficking is a form of modern-day slavery where youths are sold as a commodity. It is difficult to determine the wide range of negative health outcomes associated with domestic minor sex trafficking due to the hidden nature of the crime and its lack of statistical data to determine prevalence. Viewing domestic minor sex trafficking through an ecological lens assists in the understanding of the multiple complex interactions between victims, their relationships, and environments that influence their health...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781910/superior-baseplate-inclination-is-associated-with-instability-after-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#11
Robert Z Tashjian, Brook I Martin, Cassandra A Ricketts, Heath B Henninger, Erin K Granger, Peter N Chalmers
BACKGROUND: Instability is the most common complication after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA). In the native glenohumeral joint, in addition to full dislocations, more subtle forms of instability exist. However, the incidence of more subtle forms of instability, the factors associated with instability, and the effect of instability on validated outcome scores after rTSA remain poorly understood. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) After rTSA, what is the risk of instability, including more subtle forms of subjective instability? (2) What are the factors associated with instability? (3) Are more subtle forms of instability associated with lower American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) functional outcome scores than those patients without instability? METHODS: A total of 168 rTSAs were performed during the study period...
May 17, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781831/same-sex-and-different-sex-parent-families-in-italy-is-parents-sexual-orientation-associated-with-child-health-outcomes-and-parental-dimensions
#12
Roberto Baiocco, Nicola Carone, Salvatore Ioverno, Vittorio Lingiardi
OBJECTIVE: Seventy gay fathers through surrogacy, 125 lesbian mothers through donor insemination, and 195 heterosexual parents through spontaneous conception, all with children aged 3 to 11 years and living in Italy, were compared on children's psychological adjustment and prosocial behavior, as well as parental self-efficacy, dyadic adjustment, family cohesion, and flexibility. Associations among family structures, family processes, and child health outcomes were also tested. METHODS: Participants were matched for child characteristics...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781777/influence-of-sex-stereotyped-stimuli-on-the-mental-rotation-performance-of-elderly-persons
#13
Martina Rahe, Vera Ruthsatz, Petra Jansen, Claudia Quaiser-Pohl
BACKGROUND: In mental-rotation tests with cube figures as rotational objects, differences in favor of men are often found (Voyer, Voyer, & Bryden, 1995). Mental-rotation performance often declines with age (Jacewicz & Hartley, 1987), but sex differences usually remain (Herman & Bruce, 1983). METHODS: In this study, male- and female-stereotyped objects were used as rotational stimuli in a mental-rotation paper and pencil test (Ruthsatz, Neuburger, Rahe, Jansen, & Quaiser-Pohl, 2017) for elderly participants (age: 57-88 years)...
May 21, 2018: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781671/breed-prevalence-of-canine-lymphoma-in-south-africa
#14
Liesl J Van Rooyen, Emma Hooijberg, Fred Reyers
Lymphoma is a common haematopoietic neoplasm in dogs. Several breeds have been shown to have a predisposition to lymphoma; however, very little information exists regarding the South African dog population. This study assessed whether any breed had increased odds of developing lymphoma compared with others, and also investigated the effects of age, sex and neutering status on disease prevalence. Two study populations and their corresponding reference populations were studied retrospectively. Odds ratios (ORs) for lymphoma in 49 dog breeds, together with their 95% confidence intervals (CI), were calculated...
March 8, 2018: Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781654/is-fatigue-a-disease-specific-or-generic-symptom-in-chronic-medical-conditions
#15
Juliane Menting, Cees J Tack, Gijs Bleijenberg, Rogier Donders, Hal A Droogleever Fortuyn, Jaap Fransen, Martine M Goedendorp, Joke S Kalkman, Riet Strik-Albers, Nens van Alfen, Sieberen P van der Werf, Nicol C Voermans, Baziel G van Engelen, Hans Knoop
OBJECTIVE: Severe fatigue is highly prevalent in various chronic diseases. Disease-specific fatigue models have been developed, but it is possible that fatigue-related factors in these models are similar across diseases. The purpose of the current study was to determine the amount of variance in fatigue severity explained by: (a) the specific disease, (b) factors associated with fatigue across different chronic diseases (transdiagnostic factors), and (c) the interactions between these factors and specific diseases...
June 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781645/sex-differences-in-emotion-recognition-evidence-for-a-small-overall-female-superiority-on-facial-disgust
#16
Hannah L Connolly, Carmen E Lefevre, Andrew W Young, Gary J Lewis
Although it is widely believed that females outperform males in the ability to recognize other people's emotions, this conclusion is not well supported by the extant literature. The current study sought to provide a strong test of the female superiority hypothesis by investigating sex differences in emotion recognition for five basic emotions using stimuli well-calibrated for individual differences assessment, across two expressive domains (face and body), and in a large sample (N = 1,022: Study 1). We also assessed the stability and generalizability of our findings with two independent replication samples (N = 303: Study 2, N = 634: Study 3)...
May 21, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781150/sex-differences-in-adolescent-ethanol-drinking-to-behavioral-intoxication
#17
Sara R Westbrook, Minsu Kang, Luke K Sherrill, Dylan O'Hearn, Tanya Krishnamani, Joshua M Gulley
Rodent models have been especially useful for investigating adolescent ethanol exposure. However, there is a paucity of studies examining sex differences in behavioral intoxication from adolescent ethanol drinking. Here, we used an ethanol drinking model to investigate if adolescent rats of both sexes readily drink ethanol to measurable behavioral intoxication, indicated by increased impulsive action and motor incoordination. Beginning on postnatal day (P) 28, male and female Long-Evans rats were given 30-min access to a solution of sucrose (20%) or sweetened ethanol (20% sucrose +15% ethanol) every other day until P60 and once after 2 weeks of forced abstinence (on P75)...
May 21, 2018: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781104/cavities-shield-birds-from-effects-of-artificial-light-at-night-on-sleep
#18
Thomas Raap, Rianne Pinxten, Marcel Eens
Light pollution is an ever increasing worldwide problem disrupting animal behavior. Artificial light at night (ALAN) has been shown to affect sleep in wild birds. Even cavity-nesting bird species may be affected when sleeping inside their cavity. Correlational studies suggest that light from outside the cavity/nest box, for example from street lights, may affect sleep. We used an experimental design to study to what extent nest boxes shield animals from effects of ALAN on sleep. We recorded individual sleep behavior of free-living great tits (Parus major) that were roosting in dark nest boxes and exposed their nest box entrance to ALAN the following night (1...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological and Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781039/sex-dependent-association-of-circulating-sex-steroids-and-pituitary-hormones-with-treatment-free-survival-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-patients
#19
Eric P Allain, Karin Venzl, Patrick Caron, Véronique Turcotte, David Simonyan, Michaela Gruber, Trang Le, Eric Lévesque, Chantal Guillemette, Katrina Vanura
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is not considered a hormone-regulated cancer although sex is a recognized risk factor with men more frequently diagnosed and developing progressive disease. We hypothesized that variable hormonal exposure may have a sexually dimorphic influence on treatment-free survival (TFS). In 156 CLL cases, we quantitatively profiled 29 circulating steroids (progesterone, adrenal precursors, androgens, estrogens, and catechol estrogens) as well as luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780846/epidemiology-of-hip-and-groin-injuries-in-collegiate-athletes-in-the-united-states
#20
Yehuda E Kerbel, Christopher M Smith, John P Prodromo, Michael I Nzeogu, Mary K Mulcahey
Background: Hip and groin pain is a common complaint among athletes. Few studies have examined the epidemiology of hip and groin injuries in collegiate athletes across multiple sports. Purpose: To describe the rates, mechanisms, sex-based differences, and severity of hip/groin injuries across 25 collegiate sports. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study. Methods: Data from the 2009-2010 through 2013-2014 academic years were obtained from the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program (NCAA ISP)...
May 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
keyword
keyword
26326
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"