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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653266/generalization-from-single-cases-and-the-concept-of-double-dialogicality
#1
Carolin Demuth
The present paper addresses how the concept of double-dialogicality may contribute to our understanding of how to generalize from single cases. Various attempts have been made within qualitative social research to define how generalization is possible from single cases. One problem with generalization in psychology is that any human activity and sense making is situated/occasioned and all psychological phenomenon are hence unique. However, they are not arbitrary but dialogically intertwined with socio-cultural traditions of sense making and acting...
June 26, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652833/a-narrative-literature-review-of-depression-following-traumatic-brain-injury-prevalence-impact-and-management-challenges
#2
REVIEW
Shannon B Juengst, Raj G Kumar, Amy K Wagner
Depression is one of the most common conditions to emerge after traumatic brain injury (TBI), and despite its potentially serious consequences it remains undertreated. Treatment for post-traumatic depression (PTD) is complicated due to the multifactorial etiology of PTD, ranging from biological pathways to psychosocial adjustment. Identifying the unique, personalized factors contributing to the development of PTD could improve long-term treatment and management for individuals with TBI. The purpose of this narrative literature review was to summarize the prevalence and impact of PTD among those with moderate to severe TBI and to discuss current challenges in its management...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651415/-investigation-of-burn-rehabilitation-development-of-china-in-2014
#3
M Ao, J Wu, J Chen
Objective: To further study the development of burn rehabilitation in China, so as to promote the development of burn rehabilitation in China. Methods: The questionnaire about the development of burn rehabilitation treatment was started by Specialized Committee of Burn Treatment and Rehabilitation Science of Chinese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine (hereinafter referred to as Specialized Committee) in the end of 2014, and 65 affiliations of Specialized Committee members participated in. There was a total of 26 questions, mainly focusing on problems as below: (1) General information of the burn department of the units, including the number of authorized beds, annual admitted burn patients, annual admitted patients with extremely severe burn, doctors, nurses, rehabilitation therapists, and the condition of rehabilitation area and rehabilitation beds, etc...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650182/buried-layers-on-the-origins-rise-and-fall-of-stratification-theories
#4
Martin Wieser
This article presents a historical analysis of the origins, rise, and demise of theories of stratification (Schichtentheorien). Following their roots in the ancient metaphysical idea of the "great chain of being," Aristotle's scala naturae, the medieval "Jacob's ladder," and Leibniz's concept of the lex continua, I argue that theories of stratification represent the modern heir to the ancient cosmological idea of a harmonious, hierarchical, and unified universe. Theories of stratification reached their heyday during the interwar period within German academia, proliferating over a vast number of disciplines and rising to special prominence within personality psychology, feeding the hope for a unitary image of the world and of human beings, their biological and mental development, their social organization and cultural creations...
June 26, 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648099/social-anxiety-and-work-status-the-role-of-negative-metacognitive-beliefs-symptom-severity-and-cognitive-behavioural-factors
#5
Henrik Nordahl, Adrian Wells
BACKGROUND: Psychological health has a profound effect on personal and occupational functioning with Social Anxiety Symptoms in particular having a major effect on ability to work. Recent initiatives have focused on treating psychological illness with cognitive-behavioural models with a view to increasing return to work. However, the psychological correlates of work status amongst individuals with elevated mental health symptoms such as social anxiety are under-explored. AIMS: This study reports a test of unique predictors of work status drawing on variables that have been given centre stage in cognitive-behavioural models and in the metacognitive model of psychological disorder...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644427/mental-diseases-and-criminal-offences-committed-by-persons-placed-at-the-forensic-department-of-the-penitentiary-in-zenica-federation-of-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#6
Edin Bjelošević, Adisa Krehmić, Halima Hadžikapetanović, Sanel Čoralić, Sonja Bjelošević
Aim To investigate an impact of various biological, psychological and social factors on perpetration of criminal offences by persons with mental disorders and to examine legal requirements for placement of persons with mental disorders, who committed criminal offences. Methods This retrospective, descriptive study based on the analysis of data collected from records of the Zenica Penitentiary, Forensic Department (age, qualifications, employment status, marital status, mental disorders, information related to earlier treatments, type of committed criminal offense, duration of the security measure of mandatory psychiatric treatment and custody) included 154 examinees...
August 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637605/-i-need-to-do-another-course-italian-physiotherapists-knowledge-and-beliefs-when-assessing-psychosocial-factors-in-patients-presenting-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#7
Giacomo Zangoni, Oliver P Thomson
OBJECTIVES: Psychosocial factors play an important role in the development and subsequent recovery of individuals suffering from chronic low back pain (CLBP). The study explored physiotherapists' personal beliefs and knowledge about the biopsychosocial model and the different ways they assess and manage psychosocial factors in patients presenting with CLBP. METHODS: Qualitative research design using semi-structured interviews and a constructivist grounded theory approach to data collection and analysis...
February 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637124/recovery-and-creative-practices-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness-evaluating-well-being-and-social-inclusion
#8
Javier Saavedra, Elvira Pérez, Paul Crawford, Samuel Arias
PURPOSE: This mixed (quantitative-qualitative) study evaluates the impact of an artistic workshop on a group of people with severe mental illness (SMI). This study focuses on the impact of creative practices on well-being and social inclusion outcomes. METHOD: After participating in a creative workshop, 31 people diagnosed with a SMI completed pre/post-intervention measures, namely, the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale and the Social Inclusion questionnaire...
February 6, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636409/subjective-well-being-of-visually-impaired-older-adults-living-in-the-community
#9
Liran Rafaely, Sara Carmel, Yaacov G Bachner
OBJECTIVES: Vision impairment is one of the most common disabilities among older adults, and it has a substantial impact on well-being. The present study constructs an integrative model to identify which variables derived from four dimensions of life (physical/functional, social, psychological and environmental) combined with sociodemographic variables explain the overall subjective well-being (SWB) visually impaired older adults living in the community. METHOD: A total of 121 severe visually impaired persons, aged 60 and over (M = 77...
June 21, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635432/psychological-resilience-in-people-experiencing-schizophrenia-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviours
#10
Patricia Ann Gooding, Donna Littlewood, Rebecca Owen, Judith Johnson, Nick Tarrier
BACKGROUND: Negative stressors can aggravate the impact of schizophrenia. However, some people find ways of combating such stressors. There is a dearth of research examining factors which enable individuals with schizophrenia to show psychological resilience. AIMS: The goal of this study was to investigate resilience to negative stressors in people with disorders on the schizophrenia spectrum using a qualitative methodology. METHODS: Data were collected from 23 participants who had experienced schizophrenia and suicidal thoughts and behaviours...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627918/development-and-validation-of-the-circumplex-scales-of-interpersonal-problems
#11
Michael J Boudreaux, Daniel J Ozer, Thomas F Oltmanns, Aidan G C Wright
The interpersonal circumplex (IPC) is a well-established model of social behavior that spans basic personality and clinical science. Although several measures are available to assess interpersonal functioning (e.g., motives, traits) within an IPC framework, researchers studying interpersonal difficulties have relied primarily on a single measure, the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems-Circumplex Scales (IIP-C; Horowitz, Alden, Wiggins, & Pincus, 2000). Although the IIP-C is a widely used measure, it is currently the only measure specifically designed to assess maladaptive interpersonal behavior using the IPC framework...
June 19, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627898/subjective-reactions-to-international-research-participation-an-illustration-of-ethical-considerations-with-women-heading-households-in-sri-lanka
#12
Jessica E Lambert, Alyssa Banford Witting, Lakmal Ponnamperuma, Thulitha Wickrama
here are unique ethical considerations in conducting international research with war and disaster-affected populations that are important for ensuring adequate protection of participants. Of particular importance is the distress that participants may experience as a result of being asked about traumatic stressors, psychological symptoms, and life problems. In this study, trauma-affected Tamil women in Eastern Sri Lanka were asked to report on their research-participation experience after taking part in a larger study on risk and resiliency...
June 19, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626245/psychological-well-being-among-older-adults-the-role-of-partnership-status
#13
Matthew R Wright, Susan L Brown
Today's older adults are increasingly unmarried. Some are in cohabiting unions, others are dating, and many remain unpartnered. Unmarried older adults are at risk of poorer well-being than the married, but it is unclear whether older cohabitors fare worse than or similar to their married counterparts. Nor have well-being differences among cohabitors, daters, and unpartnered persons been considered. Conceptualizing marital status as a continuum of social attachment, data from Waves I and II of the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project are used to examine how older married, cohabiting, dating, and unpartnered individuals differ across multiple indicators of psychological well-being...
June 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624761/factors-influencing-psychological-social-and-health-outcomes-after-major-burn-injuries-in-adults-cohort-study-protocol
#14
Martha Druery, Peter A Newcombe, Cate M Cameron, Jeffrey Lipman
INTRODUCTION: The goal of burn care is that 'the quality of the outcome must be worth the pain of survival'. More research is needed to understand how best to deliver care for patients with burns to achieve this aim. Loss of independence, function as well as loss of income for patients with burns and carers cause a significant burden at both individual and societal levels. Much is being done to advance knowledge in the clinical care field; however, there has been a paucity of research exploring psychosocial outcomes...
June 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623361/burden-of-sleep-disturbances-and-associated-risk-factors-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-hiv-infected-persons-on-antiretroviral-therapy-across-china
#15
Xiaojie Huang, Huiqin Li, Kathrine Meyers, Wei Xia, Zhihao Meng, Chongxi Li, Jinsong Bai, Shenghua He, Weiping Cai, Chengyu Huang, Shuiqing Liu, Hui Wang, Xuemei Ling, Ping Ma, Daling Tan, Fuxiang Wang, Lianguo Ruan, Hongxin Zhao, Hongxia Wei, Yanfen Liu, Jianhua Yu, Hongzhou Lu, Min Wang, Tong Zhang, Hui Chen, Hao Wu
This study evaluated the prevalence and factors associated with sleep disturbance in a large cohort of HIV-infected patients across China. A cross-sectional study was conducted among HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy at 20 AIDS clinics. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index was self-administered by subjects. Socio-demographic characteristics, medical history and HIV-related clinical data were collected. 4103 patients had complete data for analysis. Sleep disturbances were observed in 43.1% of patients...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622487/an-integrated-model-of-chronic-whiplash-associated-disorder
#16
David M Walton, James M Elliott
Synopsis The development of persistent symptoms following whiplash injury from a motor vehicle collision (MVC) is common and contributes substantially to societal and personal costs. The popular Quebec Task Force (QTF) classification system of whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) was meant to function as a prognostic and intervention decision aid, but its usefulness has been questioned. Emerging evidence highlights the heterogeneity of WAD by demonstrating physical and psychological impairments that are unique to those who develop persistent symptoms...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617026/-the-next-big-five-inventory-bfi-2-developing-and-assessing-a-hierarchical-model-with-15-facets-to-enhance-bandwidth-fidelity-and-predictive-power-correction-to-soto-and-john-2016
#17
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "The Next Big Five Inventory (BFI-2): Developing and Assessing a Hierarchical Model With 15 Facets to Enhance Bandwidth, Fidelity, and Predictive Power" by Christopher J. Soto and Oliver P. John (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Apr 7, 2016, np). In the article, all citations to McCrae and Costa (2008), except for the instance in which it appears in the first paragraph of the introduction, should instead appear as McCrae and Costa (2010). The complete citation should read as follows: McCrae, R...
July 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611920/quality-of-life-in-patients-with-established-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-phenomenographic-study
#18
Karina Malm, Stefan Bergman, Maria LE Andersson, Ann Bremander, Ingrid Larsson
OBJECTIVE: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis perceive reduced quality of life in several domains, such as physical health, level of independence, environment and personal beliefs, compared with the healthy population. There is an increasing interest in quality of life in clinical and medical interventions. Few studies have explored patients' individual conceptions of quality of life, and interviews can thus complement quantitative studies. There is a need for a deeper understanding of the patients' experiences of quality of life, with regard to living with a long-term condition such as rheumatoid arthritis...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611410/politeness-and-compassion-differentially-predict-adherence-to-fairness-norms-and-interventions-to-norm-violations-in-economic-games
#19
Kun Zhao, Eamonn Ferguson, Luke D Smillie
Adherence to norms and interventions to norm violations are two important forms of social behaviour modelled in economic games. While both appear to serve a prosocial function, they may represent separate mechanisms corresponding with distinct emotional and psychological antecedents, and thus may be predicted by different personality traits. In this study, we compared adherence to fairness norms in the dictator game with responses to violations of the same norms in third-party punishment and recompensation games with respect to prosocial traits from the Big Five and HEXACO models of personality...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609206/predicting-recidivism-among-internet-child-sex-sting-offenders-using-psychological-language-analysis
#20
Michelle Drouin, Ryan L Boyd, Miriam Greidanus Romaneli
In this study, we examined the extent to which computerized linguistic analysis of natural language data from chat transcripts of Internet child sex stings predicted recidivism among 334 convicted offenders. Using the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) program, we found that reoffenders (including simultaneous and previous offenders) differed significantly from nonreoffenders in measures of clout (a composite measure of social dominance) and percentage of words used in the following linguistic categories: cognitive processes, personal pronoun use, insight, time, and ingestion...
June 13, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
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