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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222902/fruit-and-vegetable-intake-of-korean-children-and-adolescents-according-to-cooking-location-and-daily-meal-study-based-on-2010-and-2011-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-data
#1
Yong-Suk Kwon, Yangsuk Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study analyzed the intake of fruits and vegetables by cooking location and daily meals for Korean children and adolescents. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: For this study, 2,538 Korean children and adolescents aged 7-18 years, who participated in the 2010 and 2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey dietary intake survey (24-hour recall methods), were sampled. RESULTS: The total unsalted fruit and vegetable intake for all subjects was 300 g (aged 7-12 years, 280 g; aged 13-18 years, 316 g)...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222834/effects-of-a-music-creation-programme-on%C3%A2-the-anxiety-self-esteem-and-quality-of-life-of%C3%A2-people-with-severe-mental-illness-a-quasi-experimental-design
#2
Beh-Huan Chang, Bo-Wei Chen, Jason W Beckstead, Chiu-Yueh Yang
Many studies have shown that music therapy improves patients' symptoms. However, interventions using music creation as their core await further development for patients with severe mental illness (SMI). The current study investigated the effect of a music-creation programme on the anxiety, self-esteem, and quality of life of patients with SMI. A quasi-experimental design using convenience sampling was adopted to recruit patients with SMI from a psychiatric day care centre. Participants were grouped based on their willingness to undergo an intervention (26 patients in the experimental group and 23 patients in the control group)...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222630/-there-s-so-much-to-it-the-ways-physiotherapy-students-and-recent-graduates-experience-practice
#3
S Barradell, T Peseta, S Barrie
Health science courses aim to prepare students for the demands of their chosen profession by learning ways appropriate to that profession and the contexts they will work and live in. Expectations of what students should learn become re-contextualised and translated into entry-level curriculum, with students operating as a connection between what is intended and enacted in curriculum, and required in the real world. Drawing on phenomenology, this paper explores how students understand practice-the collective, purposeful knowing, doing and being of a community-in entry-level physiotherapy programs...
December 8, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222268/tailoring-front-line-therapy-in-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-who-should-we-treat-differently
#4
REVIEW
Andrew Davies
Although there have been significant insights into the biology of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) over recent years, progress in our therapeutic approach has been disappointing over the same timeframe. This is not for want of trying. In 2017, R-CHOP (rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) remains the "gold standard," despite all of our insights into cell-of-origin and other subgroups. We have traditionally used clinical risk factors to tailor our therapies and have tested intensification of chemotherapy with little success...
December 8, 2017: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222091/waste-management-informal-recycling-environmental-pollution-and-public-health
#5
Hong Yang, Mingguo Ma, Julian R Thompson, Roger J Flower
With rapid population growth, especially in low-income and middle-income countries, the generation of waste is increasing at an unprecedented rate. For example, annual global waste arising from waste electrical and electronic equipment alone will have increased from 33.8 to 49.8 million tonnes between 2010 and 2018. Despite incineration and other waste treatment techniques, landfill still dominates waste disposal in low-income and middle-income countries. There is usually insufficient funding for adequate waste management in these countries and uptake of more advanced waste treatment technologies is poor...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222080/the-12-item-self-report-world-health-organization-disability-assessment-schedule-whodas-2-0-administered-via-the-internet-to-individuals-with-anxiety-and-stress-disorders-a-psychometric-investigation-based-on-data-from-two-clinical-trials
#6
Erland Axelsson, Elin Lindsäter, Brjánn Ljótsson, Erik Andersson, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) is a widespread measure of disability and functional impairment, which is bundled with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth Edition) for use in psychiatry. Administering psychometric scales via the Internet is an effective way to reach respondents and allow for convenient handling of data. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to study the psychometric properties of the 12-item self-report WHODAS 2...
December 8, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221895/report-on-eighth-who-meeting-on-development-of-influenza-vaccines-that-induce-broadly-protective-and-long-lasting-immune-responses-chicago-usa-23-24-august-2016
#7
Justin R Ortiz, Julian Hickling, Rebecca Jones, Armen Donabedian, Othmar G Engelhardt, Jacqueline M Katz, Shabir A Madhi, Kathleen M Neuzil, Guus F Rimmelzwaan, James Southern, David J Spiro, Joachim Hombach
In August 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) convened the "Eighth meeting on development of influenza vaccines that induce broadly protective and long-lasting immune responses" to discuss the regulatory requirements and pathways for licensure of next-generation influenza vaccines, and to identify areas where WHO can promote the development of such vaccines. Participants included approximately 120 representatives of academia, the vaccine industry, research and development funders, and regulatory and public health agencies...
December 5, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221763/cognitive-impairment-and-quality-of-life-of-people-with-epilepsy-and-neurocysticercosis-in-zambia
#8
Anne L Nau, Kabemba E Mwape, Jasmin Wiefek, Kathie Schmidt, Emmanuel Abatih, Pierre Dorny, Nicolas Praet, Clarance Chiluba, Holger Schmidt, Isaac K Phiri, Andrea S Winkler, Sarah Gabriël, Joachim Blocher
Cognitive impairment and quality of life (Qol) are important to assess the burden of epilepsy and neurocysticercosis (NCC), which are common but neglected in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The aims of this study were to assess cognitive performance and Qol of people with epilepsy (PWE) in Zambia and to explore differences in PWE with and without NCC. In this community based, cross-sectional case-control-study, 47 PWE and 50 healthy controls completed five neuropsychological tests (Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Digit Span, Selective Reminding Test (SRT), Spatial Recall Test (SPART), Test Battery of Attentional Performance (TAP)) and a World Health Organization (WHO) questionnaire of Qol...
December 5, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221688/primary-tumor-location-and-survival-in-the-general-population-with-metastatic-colorectal-cancer
#9
Shahid Ahmed, Punam Pahwa, Duc Le, Haji Chalchal, Selliah Chandra-Kanthan, Nayyer Iqbal, Anthony Fields
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence from clinical trials suggests that primary tumor location in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer correlates with differential outcomes, and patients with tumors originating in the right side of the colon have inferior survival. We conducted a large population-based cohort study using individual patient data to confirm the prognostic importance of primary tumor location in the general population with metastatic colorectal cancer. METHODS: A cohort of 1947 patients who were diagnosed with metastatic colorectal cancer from 1992 to 2010 was studied...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221636/urothelial-neoplasms-in-pediatric-and-young-adult-patients-a-large-single-center-series
#10
James A Saltsman, Marcus M Malek, Victor E Reuter, William J Hammond, Enrico Danzer, Harry W Herr, Michael P LaQuaglia
PURPOSE: Bladder cancer is the sixth most common cancer in the United States, but is exceedingly rare in young patients, leading to a lack of accepted standards for diagnosis, treatment, and surveillance. We review our institutional experience with bladder urothelial neoplasms in pediatric and young adult patients summarizing presentation, treatment, and outcomes. METHODS: Surgical pathology records at our institution were searched for cases of urothelial neoplasms among patients ≤25 years of age treated between January 1997 and September 2016...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221540/on-essentiality-and-the-world-health-organization-s-model-list-of-essential-medicines
#11
Victoria A Marks, Stephen R Latham, Sandeep P Kishore
BACKGROUND: In 1977 the World Health Organization created its first Model List of Essential Medicines-a list designed to aid countries in determining which medicines to prioritize on their National Essential Medicines Lists. In classifying drugs as "essential," the World Health Organization has historically stressed drugs' ability to meet priority health needs of populations and cost. OBJECTIVES: In this paper we trace the fluctuations in the application of cost and priority status of disease as criteria for essential medicines throughout the reports published by the WHO Expert Committee on Selection and Use of Essential Medicines since 1977...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221534/on-becoming-a-global-citizen-transformative-learning-through-global-health-experiences
#12
Debra K Litzelman, Adrian Gardner, Robert M Einterz, Philip Owiti, Charity Wambui, Jordan C Huskins, Kathleen M Schmitt-Wendholt, Geren S Stone, Paul O Ayuo, Thomas S Inui, Rachel A Umoren
BACKGROUND: Globalization has increased the demand for international experiences in medical education. International experiences improve medical knowledge, clinical skills, and self-development; influence career objectives; and provide insights on ethical and societal issues. However, global health rotations can end up being no more than tourism if not structured to foster personal transformation and global citizenship. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a qualitative assessment of trainee-reported critical incidents to more deeply understand the impact of our global health experience on trainees...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221530/parenting-practices-and-associations-with-development-delays-among-young-children-in-dominican-republic
#13
Omolara Thomas Uwemedimo, Afrin Howlader, Giselina Pierret
BACKGROUND: According to the World Health Organization, >200 million children in low- and middle-income countries experience developmental delays. However, household structure and parenting practices have been minimally explored as potential correlates of developmental delay in low- and middle-income countries, despite potential as areas for intervention. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine associations of developmental delays with use of World Health Organization-recommended parenting practices among a clinic-based cohort of children aged 6-60 months attending in La Romana, Dominican Republic...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221521/china-s-efforts-on-management-surveillance-and-research-of-noncommunicable-diseases-ncd-scorecard-project
#14
Xiao-Lei Zhu, Jie-Si Luo, Xiao-Chang Zhang, Yi Zhai, Jing Wu
BACKGROUND: The incidence of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) is rising dramatically throughout the world. Aspects of researches concerned with the improvement and development of prevention and control of NCDs have been conducted. Furthermore, the influence of most determinants of the major NCDs has showed that a broad and deep response involving stakeholders in different sectors is required in the prevention and control of NCDs. OBJECTIVE: China has experienced an increase in NCDs in a short period compared with many countries...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221520/disability-characteristics-of-community-based-rehabilitation-participants-in-kayunga-district-uganda
#15
Lukia Namaganda Hamid, Olive Kobusingye, Sebastian Olikira Baine, Chrispus Mayora, Jacob A Bentley
BACKGROUND: Approximately 80% of individuals with disability reside in low- and middle-income countries where community-based rehabilitation (CBR) has been used as a strategy to improve disability. However, data relating to disability severity among CBR beneficiaries in low-income countries like Uganda remain scarce, particularly at the community or district level. OBJECTIVES: To describe severity of disability and associated factors for persons with physical disabilities receiving CBR services in the Kayunga district of Uganda...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221490/the-first-detected-airline-introductions-of-yellow-fever-mosquitoes-aedes-aegypti-to-europe-at-schiphol-international-airport-the-netherlands
#16
A Ibañez-Justicia, A Gloria-Soria, W den Hartog, M Dik, F Jacobs, A Stroo
BACKGROUND: Air-borne introduction of exotic mosquitoes to Schiphol airport in the Netherlands has been considered plausible based upon findings of mosquitoes in aircraft cabins during 2008, 2010 and 2011. Beginning in 2013, surveillance efforts at Schiphol had focused on promptly detecting accidental introductions at the airport facilities in order to quickly react and avoid temporary proliferation or establishment of mosquito populations, identify the origin of the introductions, and avoid potential transmission of vector-borne diseases...
December 8, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221349/ab-thymoma-with-atypical-type-a-component-with-delayed-multiple-lung-and-brain-metastases
#17
Wieslawa Grajkowska, Ewa Matyja, Jacek Kunicki, Sylwia Szymanska, Alexander Marx, Cleo-Aron Weis, Renata Langfort, Malgorzata Szolkowska
An atypical type A thymoma is a newly added entity to the last World Health Organization (WHO) histological classification [2015] of uncertain prognosis. The conventional type A and AB thymomas are usually locally aggressive neoplasms that rarely metastasize with distant metastases to the central nervous system (CNS) occurring extremely exceptionally. We present a history of a woman with a mediastinal tumor originally considered to be a Masaoka-Koga stage II "mixed thymoma with well-differentiated thymic carcinoma component" according to the historic Müller-Hermelink nomenclature...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221329/inter-hospital-transports-on-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-different-health-care-systems
#18
Lars Mikael Broman
The feasibility and the recognition of the possibility to transport patients on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) aroused in the 1970s. The number of transporting facilities worldwide was less than 20 in the beginning of the second Millennium. In 2009 the H1N1 pandemic and a publication showing survival benefit for adult patients transported to a hospital with ECMO resource increased both awareness and interest for ECMO treatment. The number of transport organizations increased rapidly. As of today, the number of transport organizations increases world-wide, though some centers where ECMO is an established treatment report decreasing numbers of transports...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221267/the-acceptance-of-illness-the-intensity-of-pain-and-the-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-lung-cancer
#19
Mariusz Chabowski, Jacek Polański, Beata Jankowska-Polanska, Katarzyna Lomper, Dariusz Janczak, Joanna Rosinczuk
Background: Lung cancer is the major cause of cancer related deaths worldwide. The overall 5-year survival rate is very low and accounts for only 15%. Poor quality of life is considered a prognostic factor for shorter survival in lung cancer patients. The aim of the study was to examine the relationships between pain, the acceptance of illness and quality of life in patients with lung cancer. Methods: The study included 155 patients with lung cancer with mean age of 62...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220541/yoga-for-stroke-rehabilitation
#20
REVIEW
Maggie Lawrence, Francisco T Celestino Junior, Hemilianna Hs Matozinho, Lindsay Govan, Jo Booth, Jane Beecher
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major health issue and cause of long-term disability and has a major emotional and socioeconomic impact. There is a need to explore options for long-term sustainable interventions that support stroke survivors to engage in meaningful activities to address life challenges after stroke. Rehabilitation focuses on recovery of function and cognition to the maximum level achievable, and may include a wide range of complementary strategies including yoga.Yoga is a mind-body practice that originated in India, and which has become increasingly widespread in the Western world...
December 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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