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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691960/genexpert-mtb-rif-for-rapid-diagnosis-and-rifampin-resistance-detection-of-endobronchial-tuberculosis
#1
Qin Zhang, Qing Zhang, Bing-Qi Sun, Chang Liu, An-Na Su, Xiao-Han Wang, Na Liu, Juan Zhang, Jian Kang, Gang Hou
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Delayed diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis (TB) contribute to poor outcomes, especially for endobronchial TB (EBTB), which typically leads to tracheobronchial stenosis. Finding rapid and accurate diagnostic tools for EBTB is crucial. GeneXpert Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB)/rifampin (RIF) was recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a standard molecular biological diagnostic technique for MTB. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of GeneXpert MTB/RIF for diagnosing EBTB and for evaluating RIF resistance...
April 24, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691955/pharmacist-led-discharge-medication-counselling-a-scoping-review
#2
REVIEW
Aline F Bonetti, Wálleri C Reis, Natália Fracaro Lombardi, Antonio M Mendes, Harli Pasquini Netto, Inajara Rotta, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos, Roberto Pontarolo
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Discharge medication counselling has produced improved quality of care and health outcomes, especially by reducing medication errors and readmission rates, and improving medication adherence. However, no studies have assembled an evidence-based discharge counselling process for clinical pharmacists. Thus, the present study aims to map the components of the pharmacist-led discharge medication counselling process. METHODS: We performed a scoping review by searching electronic databases (Pubmed, Scopus, and DOAJ) and conducting a manual search to identify studies published up to July 2017...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691867/progress-towards-pig-nutrition-in-the-last-27-years
#3
REVIEW
Yi Wu, Jianfei Zhao, Chenchen Xu, Ning Ma, Ting He, Jinshan Zhao, Xi Ma, Phil A Thacker
Over the last 27 years (1990-2017), based on the revolutionary progresses of basic nutrition research, novel methods and techniques have been developed which bring a profound technological revolution to pig production from free-range system to intensive farming all over the world. Basic theoretical innovations and feed production studies have provided vital advancements in pig nutrition by developing formula feed, utilizing balanced diets, determining feed energy value, dividing pig physiological stages, enhancing gut health, and improving feed processing technique...
April 24, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691837/oral-health-status-associated-with-sociodemographic-factors-of-nepalese-schoolchildren-a-population-based-study
#4
Saujanya Karki, Marja-Liisa Laitala, Manoj Humagain, Marjo Seppänen, Jari Päkkila, Vuokko Anttonen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the oral health of Nepalese schoolchildren relative to their sociodemographic characteristics. METHODS: This school-based, cross-sectional study was conducted among 5-6-, 12- and 15-year-old Nepalese children in 18 randomly selected districts of the 75 in Nepal. Clinical parameters were recorded according to the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. Results were presented as mean (SD) and proportions; the chi-square test, t-test and one way-ANOVA were also performed...
April 25, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691464/environmental-pollution-and-related-hazards-at-agbara-industrial-area-ogun-state
#5
Ojekunle Z O, Jinadu O O E, Afolabi T A, Taiwo A M
This study aimed at assessing the environmental pollution and related hazards of industries at Agbara, Ogun State, Nigeria. A total of five sampling points were identified and selected at random. Environmental samples were collected on a weekly basis for duration of 10 weeks. Air pollutants measured were CO2 , CO, NO, NOx , VOCs, H2 S, SO2 , NH3 , PM2.5 andPM10 using standard procedure. Dust and plant samples were also collected and analyzed for heavy metals (Pb, Cr, Cd, Cu and Zn) using the Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS)...
April 24, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691144/papillary-tumor-of-the-pineal-region-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
M A Cañizares Méndez, Manuel Amosa Delgado, Juan Antonio Álvarez Salgado, Jorge Javier Villaseñor Ledezma, Elena Capilla Cabezuelo, Francisco Díaz Crespo
Papillary tumor of the pineal region is a rare neuroepithelial tumor characterized by papillary architecture and epithelial cytology, immunopositivity for cytokeratin and ependymal differentiation. It is considered grade II-III by the World Health Organization and was first described by Jouvet in 2003. We present a 34-year-old male with headaches, blurred vision and normal examination. Radiological study showed a nodulocystic lesion in the pineal region compatible with pineocytoma. Surgery was performed using an infratentorial supracerebellar approach, finding a cystic tumor in the quadrigeminal cistern which was completely resected...
April 21, 2018: Neurocirugía
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690873/insecticide-treated-nets-mass-distribution-campaign-benefits-and-lessons-in-zambia
#7
REVIEW
Freddie Masaninga, Nawa Mukumbuta, Ketty Ndhlovu, Busiku Hamainza, Pauline Wamulume, Emmanuel Chanda, John Banda, Mercy Mwanza-Ingwe, John M Miller, Birkinesh Ameneshewa, Abraham Mnzava, Elizabeth Kawesha-Chizema
BACKGROUND: Zambia was an early adopter of insecticide-treated nets strategy in 2001, and policy for mass distribution with long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) in 2005. Since then, the country has implemented mass distribution supplemented with routine delivery through antenatal care and under five clinics in health facilities. The national targets of universal (100%) coverage and 80% utilization of LLINs have not been attained. Free mass LLIN distribution campaign in Zambia offers important lessons to inform future campaigns in the African region...
April 24, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690869/concurrent-presentation-of-an-intraductal-tubulopapillary-neoplasm-and-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm-in-the-branch-duct-of-the-pancreas-with-a-superior-mesenteric-artery-aneurysm-a-case-report
#8
Kenta Inomata, Minoru Kitago, Hideaki Obara, Yoko Fujii-Nishimura, Masahiro Shinoda, Hiroshi Yagi, Yuta Abe, Taizo Hibi, Kentaro Matsubara, Go Oshima, Yasuhito Sekimoto, Masazumi Inoue, Osamu Itano, Michiie Sakamoto, Yuko Kitagawa
BACKGROUND: Since the concept of intraductal tubulopapillary neoplasm (ITPN) was introduced in the current World Health Organization classification of tumors, the number of reports of ITPN occurrence has increased gradually. However, ITPN is usually located in the main pancreatic duct, with few reports of a branch duct ITPN. As a result, imaging protocols for the diagnosis of a branch duct ITPN have not been established. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a concurrent presentation of a branch duct ITPN and intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) in the head of the pancreas, with a superior mesenteric artery (SMA) aneurysm...
April 24, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690780/prevalence-and-determinants-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-before-and-up-to-12-months-after-total-knee-replacement-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#9
Alison Hodges, Alison R Harmer, Sarah Dennis, Lillias Nairn, Lyn March, Ross Crawford, David Parker, Marlene Fransen
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the prevalence and determinants of inadequate physical activity and excessive sedentary behaviour before and after total knee replacement. DESIGN, SETTING AND SUBJECTS: Secondary analysis was performed on data from a cohort of 422 adults (45-74 years), drawn from 12 public or private hospitals, undergoing primary unilateral or bilateral total knee replacement surgery. MAIN MEASURES: Questionnaires were used to determine the presence of inadequate physical activity and excessive sedentary behaviour before and 6  and 12 months after total knee replacement surgery...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690604/nail-properties-and-bone-health-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Pouya Saeedi, Amin Shavandi, Kim Meredith-Jones
Physicochemical properties of nail may offer valuable insight into the health of bone. Currently, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is the gold standard technique for evaluating bone health through bone mineral density (BMD). However, only 70% of fractures are explained by low BMD according to DXA. Therefore, the World Health Organisation recommended the need for the development of alternative methods of assessing bone health. Keratin and collagen type I are major proteins in nail and bone, respectively...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690599/clinicopathological-characteristics-and-mutations-driving-development-of-early-lung-adenocarcinoma-tumor-initiation-and-progression
#11
REVIEW
Kentaro Inamura
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide, with lung adenocarcinoma representing the most common lung cancer subtype. Among all lung adenocarcinomas, the most prevalent subset develops via tumorigenesis and progression from atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AAH) to adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS), to minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA), to overt invasive adenocarcinoma with a lepidic pattern. This stepwise development is supported by the clinicopathological and molecular characteristics of these tumors...
April 23, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689745/umbilical-cord-clamping-practices-of-u-s-obstetricians
#12
M S Leslie, J Greene, J Schulkin, A C Jelin
BACKGROUND: Delayed umbilical cord clamping is associated with significant benefits to preterm and term newborns and is recommended for all infants by the World Health Organization and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Little is known about the cord management practices of U.S. obstetricians. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe current cord clamping practices by U.S. obstetricians and investigate factors associated with delayed cord clamping...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689647/a-mixed-method-evaluation-of-adult-tier-2-lifestyle-weight-management-service-provision-across-a-county-in-northern-england
#13
L Ells, P Watson, S Carlebach, C O'Malley, D Jones, T Machaira, V Whittaker, H Clements, P Walker, K Needham, C Summerbell, V Coulton, V Araujo-Soares
Adult obesity in the UK remains a public health priority. Current guidance recommends local areas provide multicomponent interventions to treat adults with overweight and obesity; however, there is currently a dearth of published evidence on the evaluation of these programmes. This study reports on a mixed method evaluation of seven tier 2 weight management programmes funded by a local authority in the North of England through their public health grant (a lifestyle multicomponent weight management programme for the treatment of adults with overweight and obesity, but not severe obesity, or obesity with severe co-morbidities)...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689646/beyond-lifestyle-interventions-exploring-the-potential-of-anti-obesity-medications-in-the-uk
#14
REVIEW
J P H Wilding
In the UK, over one-quarter of the adult population have obesity (body mass index ≥30 kg m-2 ). This has major implications for patients' health and the National Health Service. Despite published studies showing that significant weight loss can be achieved and maintained in primary care, and guidance from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, weight management services are inconsistently implemented. This may be due primarily to workload and financial constraints. There is also a lack of belief that specialist weight management services and anti-obesity medications (AOMs) are a viable alternative to bariatric surgery for long-term maintenance of weight loss...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689100/on-the-advancement-of-highly-cited-research-in-china-an-analysis-of-the-highly-cited-database
#15
John Tianci Li
This study investigates the progress of highly cited research in China from 2001 to 2016 through the analysis of the Highly Cited database. The Highly Cited database, compiled by Clarivate Analytics, is comprised of the world's most influential researchers in the 22 Essential Science Indicator fields as catalogued by the Web of Science. The database is considered an international standard for the measurement of national and institutional highly cited research output. Overall, we found a consistent and substantial increase in Highly Cited Researchers from China during the timespan...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689051/the-epidemiology-of-personality-disorders-in-the-sao-paulo-megacity-general-population
#16
Geilson Lima Santana, Bruno Mendonca Coelho, Yuan-Pang Wang, Alexandre Dias Porto Chiavegatto Filho, Maria Carmen Viana, Laura Helena Andrade
INTRODUCTION: Most studies on the epidemiology of personality disorders (PDs) have been conducted in high-income countries and may not represent what happens in most part of the world. In the last decades, population growth has been concentrated in low- and middle-income countries, with rapid urbanization, increasing inequalities and escalation of violence. Our aim is to estimate the prevalence of PDs in the Sao Paulo Metropolitan Area, one of the largest megacities of the world. We examined sociodemographic correlates, the influence of urban stressors, the comorbidity with other mental disorders, functional impairment and treatment...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689018/beyond-bfhi-the-spatz-10-step-and-breastfeeding-resource-nurse-model-to-improve-human-milk-and-breastfeeding-outcomes
#17
Diane L Spatz
A report released by the World Health Organization states that worldwide less than 10% of birth occur in hospitals certified through the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative. Furthermore, the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative's primary focus is on breastfeeding for healthy, mother-infant dyads. This article provides alternative models for implementing evidence-based care during maternal-infant separation so that mothers can achieve their personal breastfeeding goals. These include the Spatz 10-step model for human milk and breastfeeding in vulnerable infants and the Breastfeeding Resource Nurse model...
April 2018: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689015/antenatal-breastfeeding-education-and-support-summary-and-analysis-of-2-cochrane-publications
#18
Noelle Jacobsen
Key breastfeeding outcomes identified by the World Health Organization, the United Nations Children's Fund, the American Academy of Pediatrics, and Healthy People 2020 include early initiation, any such feeding at 6 months of age, and exclusivity. Broader themes in the current literature include infants who ever breastfed and overall duration. Healthcare providers need to know what current practices demonstrate effectiveness. A review of 2 Cochrane articles on which interventions impact these selected outcomes does not reveal any significant implications for clinical practice...
April 2018: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688946/lung-metastases-of-intracranial-atypical-meningioma-diagnosed-on-posttherapeutic-imaging-after-177lu-dotatate-therapy
#19
Philipp Backhaus, Sebastian Huss, Volkan Kösek, Matthias Weckesser, Kambiz Rahbar
Meningiomas are typically benign solitary intracranial tumors. Atypical (World Health Organization [WHO] grade II) or malignant/anaplastic (WHO grade III) meningiomas are seldom, and distant metastases occur only in rare exceptions. We present a case of a 54-year-old male patient with atypical (WHO grade II) meningioma who underwent 1 cycle of peptide receptor radionuclide therapy. Previous imaging studies were confined to the head, but posttherapeutic whole-body Lu-DOTATATE scintigraphy revealed thoracic uptake arising from previously undetected pulmonic meningioma metastases...
April 23, 2018: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688573/antidepressants-for-the-treatment-of-people-with-co-occurring-depression-and-alcohol-dependence
#20
REVIEW
Roberta Agabio, Emanuela Trogu, Pier Paolo Pani
BACKGROUND: Alcohol dependence is a major public health problem characterized by recidivism, and medical and psychosocial complications. The co-occurrence of major depression in people entering treatment for alcohol dependence is common, and represents a risk factor for morbidity and mortality, which negatively influences treatment outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and risks of antidepressants for the treatment of people with co-occurring depression and alcohol dependence...
April 24, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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