keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Transcription

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735517/metallothionein-expression-and-synthesis-in-the-testis-of-the-lizard-podarcis-sicula-under-natural-conditions-and-following-estrogenic-exposure
#1
Mariailaria Verderame, Ermelinda Limatola, Rosaria Scudiero
Metallothionein (MT) is the main protein involved in the homeostasis of metallic micronutrients and in cellular defence against heavy metals and reactive oxygen species. Found in almost all vertebrate tissues, MT presence and localization in the testis has been controversial. In the present study, by using in situ hybridization and immunohistochemical analysis we assessed the localization of both MT transcript and protein in Podarcis sicula testes during two different phases of the reproductive cycle: the autumnal resumption and the spring-early summer mating period...
May 3, 2017: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735486/detection-and-quantification-of-acute-myeloid-leukemia-associated-fusion-transcripts
#2
Jonathan Schumacher, Philippe Szankasi, Todd W Kelley
Real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR)-based detection of abnormal fusion transcripts is an important strategy for the diagnosis and monitoring of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with t(8;21)(q22;q22); RUNX1-RUNX1T1, inv(16)(p13.1;q22); CBFB-MYH11 or t(15;17)(q22;q12); PML-RARA. In RT-qPCR assays, patient-derived cDNA is subjected to amplification using PCR primers directed against the fusion transcript of interest as well as a reference gene for normalization...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735484/microsphere-based-assessment-of-dna-methylation-for-aml-prognosis
#3
Gerald B W Wertheim, Marlise R Luskin, Martin Carroll, Stephen R Master
Epigenetic dysregulation, including aberrant methylation of cytosine residues in DNA, is a hallmark of cancer and clearly results in oncogenic cellular alterations such as transcriptional attenuation of tumor suppressors and genomic instability. A number of studies have examined DNA methylation alterations in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and have shown that analysis of multilocus methylation patterns can identify biologically distinct AML subclasses and can predict patient prognosis. In order to utilize the prognostic capability of methylation analysis in a clinical setting, we have developed a microsphere-based HpaII tiny fragment enrichment by ligation-mediated PCR (xMELP) assay to interrogate the methylation state of genomic multiple loci along with a random forest-based classification algorithm that correlates DNA methylation status with patient prognosis...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735448/inhibitory-effects-of-andrographolide-on-activated-macrophages-and-adjuvant-induced-arthritis
#4
Swati Gupta, Kamla Prasad Mishra, Shashi Bala Singh, Lilly Ganju
Andrographolide, a diterpenoid lactone obtained from plant Andrographis paniculata, is used in South Asian countries to relieve various inflammatory symptoms. To study the effects of this agent, the impact of andrographolide on production of inflammatory mediators were delineated in mouse peritoneal macrophages (PMϕ). Inflammatory mediators like nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin-6 and related molecular mechanisms of andrographolide-mediated inhibition of enzymes/transcription factors were studied...
July 22, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735414/bone-mechanobiology-in-mice-toward-single-cell-in-vivo-mechanomics
#5
Ariane Scheuren, Esther Wehrle, Felicitas Flohr, Ralph Müller
Mechanically driven bone (re)modeling is a multiscale process mediated through complex interactions between multiple cell types and their microenvironments. However, the underlying mechanisms of how cells respond to mechanical signals are still unclear and are at the focus of the field of bone mechanobiology. Traditionally, this complex process has been addressed by reducing the system to single scales and cell types. It is only recently that more integrative approaches have been established to study bone mechanobiology across multiple scales in which mechanical load at the organ level is related to molecular responses at the cellular level...
July 22, 2017: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735409/silencing-of-stress-regulated-mirnas-in-plants-by-short-tandem-target-mimic-sttm-approach
#6
Sachin Teotia, Guiliang Tang
In plants, microRNAs (miRNAs) regulate more than hundred target genes comprising largely transcription factors that control growth and development as well as stress responses. However, the exact functions of miRNA families could not be deciphered because each miRNA family has multiple loci in the genome, thus are functionally redundant. Therefore, an ideal approach to study the function of a miRNA family is to silence the expression of all members simultaneously, which is a daunting task. However, this can be partly overcome by Target Mimic (TM) approach that can knockdown an entire miRNA family...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735390/the-role-of-long-noncoding-rnas-in-plant-stress-tolerance
#7
Yuepeng Song, Deqiang Zhang
Plants must adapt to multiple biotic and abiotic stresses ; thus, sensing and responding to environmental signals is imperative for their survival. Moreover, understanding these responses is imperative for efforts to improve plant yield and consistency. Regulation of transcript levels is a key aspect of the plant response to environmental signals. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have gained widespread attention in recent years with the advance of high-throughput sequencing technologies. As important biological regulators, lncRNAs have been implicated in a wide range of developmental processes and diseases in animals...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735389/the-fundamental-role-of-reactive-oxygen-species-in-plant-stress-response
#8
Michael Liebthal, Karl-Josef Dietz
Chemical, physical, and biotic factors continuously vary in the natural environment. Such parameters are considered as stressors if the magnitude of their change exceeds the current acclimation norm of the plant. Activation of genetic programs allows for conditional expansion of the acclimation norm and depends on specific sensing mechanisms, intracellular communication, and regulation. The redox and reactive oxygen species (ROS) network plays a fundamental role in directing the acclimation response. These highly reactive compounds like H2O2 are generated and scavenged under normal conditions and participate in realizing a basal acclimation level...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735378/a-phase-i-ii-trial-and-pharmacokinetic-study-of-mithramycin-in-children-and-adults-with-refractory-ewing-sarcoma-and-ews-fli1-fusion-transcript
#9
Patrick J Grohar, John Glod, Cody J Peer, Tristan M Sissung, Fernanda I Arnaldez, Lauren Long, William D Figg, Patricia Whitcomb, Lee J Helman, Brigitte C Widemann
PURPOSE: In a preclinical drug screen, mithramycin was identified as a potent inhibitor of the Ewing sarcoma EWS-FLI1 transcription factor. We conducted a phase I/II trial to determine the dose-limiting toxicities (DLT), maximum tolerated dose (MTD), and pharmacokinetics (PK) of mithramycin in children with refractory solid tumors, and the activity in children and adults with refractory Ewing sarcoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Mithramycin was administered intravenously over 6 h once daily for 7 days for 28 day cycles...
July 22, 2017: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735374/changes-in-global-transcriptional-profiling-of-women-following-obesity-surgery-bypass
#10
Marcela Augusta de Souza Pinhel, Natalia Yumi Noronha, Carolina Ferreira Nicoletti, Bruno Affonso Parente de Oliveira, Cristiana Cortes-Oliveira, Vitor Caressato Pinhanelli, Wilson Salgado Junior, Ana Julia Machry, Wilson Araújo da Silva Junior, Dorotéia Rossi Silva Souza, Júlio Sérgio Marchini, Carla Barbosa Nonino
BACKGROUND: Differential gene expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is poorly characterized. Markers of these processes may provide a deeper understanding of the mechanisms that underlie these events. The main goal of this study was to identify changes in PBMC gene expression in women with obesity before and 6 months after RYGB-induced weight loss. METHODS: The ribonucleic acid (RNA) of PBMCs from 13 obese women was analyzed before and 6 months after RYGB; the RNA of PBMCs from nine healthy women served as control...
July 22, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735351/multiple-correlation-analyses-revealed-complex-relationship-between-dna-methylation-and-mrna-expression-in-human-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells
#11
Fang-Fei Xie, Fei-Yan Deng, Long-Fei Wu, Xing-Bo Mo, Hong Zhu, Jian Wu, Yu-Fan Guo, Ke-Qin Zeng, Ming-Jun Wang, Xiao-Wei Zhu, Wei Xia, Lan Wang, Pei He, Peng-Fei Bing, Xin Lu, Yong-Hong Zhang, Shu-Feng Lei
DNA methylation is an important regulator on the mRNA expression. However, a genome-wide correlation pattern between DNA methylation and mRNA expression in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) is largely unknown. The comprehensive relationship between mRNA and DNA methylation was explored by using four types of correlation analyses and a genome-wide methylation-mRNA expression quantitative trait locus (eQTL) analysis in PBMCs in 46 unrelated female subjects. An enrichment analysis was performed to detect biological function for the detected genes...
July 22, 2017: Functional & Integrative Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735298/foxp1-related-intellectual-disability-syndrome-a-recognisable-entity
#12
Ilse Meerschaut, Daniel Rochefort, Nicole Revençu, Justine Pètre, Christina Corsello, Guy A Rouleau, Fadi F Hamdan, Jacques L Michaud, Jenny Morton, Jessica Radley, Nicola Ragge, Sixto García-Miñaúr, Pablo Lapunzina, Maria Palomares Bralo, Maria Ángeles Mori, Stéphanie Moortgat, Valérie Benoit, Sandrine Mary, Nele Bockaert, Ann Oostra, Olivier Vanakker, Milen Velinov, Thomy Jl de Ravel, Djalila Mekahli, Jonathan Sebat, Keith K Vaux, Nataliya DiDonato, Andrea K Hanson-Kahn, Louanne Hudgins, Bruno Dallapiccola, Antonio Novelli, Luigi Tarani, Joris Andrieux, Michael J Parker, Katherine Neas, Berten Ceulemans, An-Sofie Schoonjans, Darina Prchalova, Marketa Havlovicova, Miroslava Hancarova, Magdalena Budisteanu, Annelies Dheedene, Björn Menten, Patrick A Dion, Damien Lederer, Bert Callewaert
BACKGROUND: Mutations in forkhead box protein P1 (FOXP1) cause intellectual disability (ID) and specific language impairment (SLI), with or without autistic features (MIM: 613670). Despite multiple case reports no specific phenotype emerged so far. METHODS: We correlate clinical and molecular data of 25 novel and 23 previously reported patients with FOXP1 defects. We evaluated FOXP1 activity by an in vitro luciferase model and assessed protein stability in vitro by western blotting...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735145/metabolic-gene-targeted-monitoring-of-non-starter-lactic-acid-bacteria-during-cheese-ripening
#13
Alessia Levante, Francesca De Filippis, Antonietta La Storia, Monica Gatti, Erasmo Neviani, Danilo Ercolini, Camilla Lazzi
Long ripened cheeses, such as Grana Padano (GP), a Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) Italian cheese, harbor a viable microbiota mainly composed of non-starter lactic acid bacteria (NSLAB), which contribute to the final characteristics of cheese. The NSLAB species Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Lb. casei and Lb. paracasei are frequently found in GP, and form a closely related taxonomic group (Lb. casei group), making it difficult to distinguish the three species through 16S rRNA sequencing. SpxB, a metabolic gene coding for pyruvate oxidase in Lb...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735095/regulation-of-lipid-droplet-associated-proteins-by-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptors
#14
REVIEW
Montserrat A de la Rosa Rodriguez, Sander Kersten
Excess fatty acids are stored in cells as triglycerides in specialized organelles called lipid droplets (LD). LD can be found in nearly all cell types and may expand during certain (patho)physiological conditions. The synthesis and breakdown of triglycerides and their deposition in LD is governed by a diverse set of enzymes and LD-associated proteins. These proteins serve structural roles in and around LD and regulate the activity of key lipogenic and lipolytic enzymes. The LD-associated proteins are subject to multiple regulatory mechanisms at the protein and gene expression level...
July 19, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735081/anti-inflammatory-activity-of-cecropin-a2-from-musca-domestica
#15
Rui-Yang Wei, Jie Bai, Meng-Fei Zhao, Bin Xu, Wen-Jia Li, Feng-Xian Wei, Yan-Yan Xi, Shao-Yu Li
This study aimed to investigate the anti-inflammatory activity of Musca domestica cecropin-A2 (Mdc-A2) toward Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) to learn more about their immunological functions. RAW264.7 cells were transfected with recombinant lentiviruses introduce pLEX-Mdc-A2into the RAW264.7 cell line (RAW-Mdc-A2). The RAW264.7 cell line with empty pLEX (RAW-pLEX) was produced in the same manner as a negative control. Real-time quantitative reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) was performed to analyze the mRNA expression of TNF-a, IL-1β, NFκB-1 and NFκB-2 in S...
July 19, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735023/arabidopsis-wrky45-interacts-with-the-della-protein-rgl1-to-positively-regulate-age-triggered-leaf-senescence
#16
Ligang Chen, Shengyuan Xiang, Yanli Chen, Daibo Li, Diqiu Yu
Leaf senescence can be triggered and promoted by various environmental stressors, developmental cues, and endogenous hormone signals. Several lines of evidence have suggested the involvement of WRKY transcription factors in the regulation of leaf senescence, but the related signaling pathways and physiological mechanisms remain unclear. In the current study, we initially identified Arabidopsis thaliana WRKY DNA binding protein 45 (WRKY45) as a positive regulator of age-triggered leaf senescence. Mutation of WRKY45 resulted in enhanced leaf longevity in age-triggered senescence, whereas overexpression of WRKY45 significantly accelerated age-triggered leaf senescence...
July 19, 2017: Molecular Plant
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734982/isolation-and-characterization-of-renin-like-aspartic-proteases-from-echis-ocellatus-venom
#17
M C Wilkinson, D J H Nightingale, R A Harrison, S C Wagstaff
Three aspartic proteases (SVAPs) have been isolated from venom of the saw-scaled viper, Echis ocellatus. In confirmation of prior transcriptomic predictions, all three forms match to sequences of either of the two SVAP transcripts (EOC00051 and EOC00123), have a molecular weight of 42 kDa and possess a single N-glycan. The SVAPs act in a renin-like manner, specifically cleaving human and porcine angiotensinogen into angiotensin-1 and possess no general protease activity. Their activity is completely inhibited by the aspartyl protease inhibitor Pepstatin A...
July 19, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734980/histone-demethylase-phf8-regulates-hypoxia-signaling-through-hif1%C3%AE-and-h3k4me3
#18
Peterson Kariuki Maina, Peng Shao, Xiongfei Jia, Qi Liu, Shaikamjad Umesalma, Maximo Marin, Donald Long, Samantha Concepción-Román, Hank Heng Qi
Hypoxia through transcription factor HIF1α plays a critical role in cancer development. In prostate cancer, HIF1α interplays with androgen receptor (AR) to contribute to the progression of this disease to its lethal form-castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Hypoxia upregulates several epigenetic factors including histone demethylase KDM3A which is a critical co-factor of HIF1α. However, how histone demethylases regulate hypoxia signaling is not fully understood. Here, we report that histone demethylase PHF8 plays an essential role in hypoxia signaling...
July 19, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734969/integrated-analysis-of-mrna-seq-in-the-haemocytes-of-eriocheir-sinensis-in-response-to-spiroplasma-eriocheiris-infection
#19
Yinghui Wang, Yunji Xiu, Keran Bi, Jiangtao Ou, Wei Gu, Wen Wang, Qingguo Meng
The Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis is an important economic crustacean that has been exposed to various diseases. Spiroplasma eriocheiris, isolated from tremor-diseased E. sinensis, was first identified as a lethal pathogen of freshwater crustaceans. To understand the pathogenesis of S. eriocheiris to E. sinensis, the transcriptomic profiles of haemocytes in the experimental and control groups at 1 d and 7 d post-injection were obtained using Illumina HiSeq 2500. These results showed that 40,358,724, 44,462,112, 45,516,576 and 37,713,728 paired-end clean reads were obtained from the cDNA libraries of DZ1 (the control group at 1 d), DZ7 (the control group at 7 d), SY1 (the experimental group at 1 d) and SY7 (the experimental group at 7 d), respectively...
July 19, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734968/identification-of-an-mitf-gene-and-its-polymorphisms-associated-with-the-vibrio-resistance-trait-in-the-clam-meretrix-petechialis
#20
Shujing Zhang, Xin Yue, Fengjuan Jiang, Hongxia Wang, Baozhong Liu
Microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) regulates the transcription of its target genes by binding to their promoters. In this study, an MITF gene, MpMITF was identified in the clam Meretrix petechialis. The full-length cDNA of MpMITF is 3564 bp with an ORF of 1365 bp. The deduced amino acid sequence consists of a conserved functional structure of bHLH-LZ, which could bind with E-box. The mRNA and protein expression levels of MpMITF were significantly up-regulated 6 h post-Vibrio injection. The mRNA expression of MpMITF increased on day 2 and peaked on day 10 post-Vibrio immersion...
July 19, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
keyword
keyword
2631
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"