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Embryo implantation failure

Jennifer C Pontré, John P Ryan, Andy Tan, Roger J Hart
BACKGROUND: Recurrent implantation failure (RIF) is repeated unsuccessful embryo transfers (ETs). AIMS: To identify predictive embryonic markers of implantation in RIF, following pre-implantation genetic screening (PGS) of cleavage stage embryos, after accounting for male and female factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of RIF patients undergoing PGS after correction of modifiable causes. RESULTS: Eighty-four patients underwent 140 in vitro ferilisation cycles...
March 18, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Hanna Motak-Pochrzest, Andrzej Malinowski
158 non-pregnant women with recurrent implantation failures after IVF/ET procedures were tested for peripheral blood autoimmune profile. The control group consisted of 76 patients after first successful IVF procedure and pregnancy outcome. The objective of this study was to investigate different autoantibodies peripheral blood profile after excluding anatomical, endocrinological, endometrial and genetic disorders and to estimate the risk of implantation failures. The study's including criteria were 1.indications for IVF/ET determined by male factor and unexplained infertility 2...
February 6, 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
Cheng-He Yu, Ruo-Peng Zhang, Juan Li, Zhou-Cun A
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to create a predictive model for high-quality blastocyst progression based on the traditional morphology parameters of embryos. METHODS: A total of 1564 embryos from 234 women underwent conventional in vitro fertilization and were involved in the present study. High-quality blastocysts were defined as having a grade of at least 3BB, and all embryos were divided based on the development of high-quality blastocysts (group HQ) or the failure to develop high-quality blastocysts (group NHQ)...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Min-Yan Chen, Guang-Dong Liao, Bin Zhou, Le-Ni Kang, Yan-Mei He, Shang-Wei Li
OBJECTIVES: To compare long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression levels in endometrium between patients with repeated implantation failure (RIF) following in vitro fertilization (IVF)-embryo transfer and control women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) and alignments were performed to identify lncRNAs and mRNAs using endometrial samples collected from 3 patients and 3 control women. A subset of 10 differentially expressed lncRNAs and 6 mRNAs were validated in all participants using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction...
January 1, 2018: Reproductive Sciences
Marzie Farimani, Jalal Poorolajal, Soghra Rabiee, Maryam Bahmanzadeh
Background: Platelets contain a significant amount of growth factors that have positive effects on local tissue repair and endometrial receptivity. Case: Here we present a 45-yr-old woman with primary infertility and two failed in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles who was candidate to receive donor eggs. Five consecutive frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles with good quality embryos were performed within 2 yr. With the diagnosis of recurrent implantation failure (RIF), the patient was treated for improving endometrial receptivity with intrauterine administration of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP), 24 hr before embryo transfer...
December 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Brenna A M Velker, Michelle M Denomme, Robert T Krafty, Mellissa R W Mann
Assisted reproductive technologies are fertility treatments used by subfertile couples to conceive their biological child. Although generally considered safe, these pregnancies have been linked to genomic imprinting disorders, including Beckwith-Wiedemann and Silver-Russell Syndromes. Silver-Russell Syndrome is a growth disorder characterized by pre- and post-natal growth retardation. The Mest imprinted domain is one candidate region on chromosome 7 implicated in Silver-Russell Syndrome. We have previously shown that maintenance of imprinted methylation was disrupted by superovulation or embryo culture during pre-implantation mouse development...
July 2017: Environmental Epigenetics
Barbara Polese, Virginie Gridelet, Sophie Perrier d'Hauterive, Chantal Renard, Carine Munaut, Henri Martens, David Vermijlen, Irah L King, Nathalie Jacobs, Vincent Geenen
Introduction: Pregnancy is an immune paradox. While the immune system is required for embryo implantation, placental development and progression of gestation, excessive inflammation is associated with pregnancy failure. Similarly, the cytokine IL-17A plays an important role in defence against extracellular pathogens, but its dysregulation can lead to pathogenic inflammation and tissue damage. Although expression of IL-17 has been reported during pregnancy, the cellular source of this cytokine and its relevance to gestation are not clear...
2018: Clinical & Translational Immunology
Qiang Yan, Chenyang Huang, Yue Jiang, Huizhi Shan, Ruiwei Jiang, Junxia Wang, Jingyu Liu, Lijun Ding, Guijun Yan, Haixiang Sun
Endometriosis (ENDO) is a common gynecological disease that causes infertility in many women. Previous studies noted that the dysregulation of Homeo box A10 (HOXA10) in the endometrium of women with ENDO was involved in the failure of embryo implantation. However, the mechanism by which HOXA10 expression is reduced in women with ENDO is still poorly understood. Here we found that a member of the calcium (Ca2+ )-dependent cysteine protease family calpain7 (CAPN7), negatively correlated with HOXA10, was highly expressed in the endometrium of infertile women with ENDO and was significantly downregulated during the window of embryo implantation in mice...
February 19, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Maryam Eftekhar, Elham Naghshineh, Parisa Khani
As new research reveals, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) plays an effective role in pregnancy success, considering that it not only affects the embryo implantation and ovarian function but also it promotes endometrial thickening and improves the pathophysiology of endometriosis, which all fundamentally lead to reducing pregnancy loss. In this review, we focus on the role of G-CSF in human reproduction. We summarized its role in ovulation, luteinized unruptured follicle syndrome, poor responders, improving repeated in vitro fertilization failure, endometrial receptivity and treatment of thin endometrium, and recurrent spontaneous abortion...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
P Sebastian-Leon, N Garrido, J Remohí, A Pellicer, P Diaz-Gimeno
STUDY QUESTION: Is endometrial recurrent implantation failure (RIF) only a matter of an asynchronous (displaced) window of implantation (WOI), or could it also be a pathological (disrupted) WOI? SUMMARY ANSWER: Our predictive results demonstrate that both displaced and disrupted WOIs exist and can present independently or together in the same RIF patient. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Since 2002, many gene expression signatures associated with endometrial receptivity and RIF have been described...
February 14, 2018: Human Reproduction
Yuxia He, Haiying Liu, Haiyan Zheng, Li Li, Xin Fu, Jianqiao Liu
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate clinical outcomes of early cumulus cells removal and early rescue intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in high-risk patients of fertilization failure during human in vitro fertilization (IVF). METHODS: A total of 5,518 patients were enrolled between January 2014 to December 2016. Of which 505 couples performed short insemination with >30% fertilization rate were included in short-term IVF group, 102 patients detected total fertilization failure (TFF) were treated with early rescue ICSI (R-ICSI group), and 4911 couples underwent conventional IVF with overnight co-incubation of gametes (traditional IVF group)...
February 15, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Wei Fu, Min Yu, Xiao-Jin Zhang
AIM: To determine if hyaluronic acid-enriched transfer medium (HETM) affects the implantation rate (IR) and clinical pregnancy rate (PR) in women undergoing frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET). METHODS: The records of women who underwent FET from May 2014 to October 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Outcome measures were IR and PR. RESULTS: In all 1721 cycles of 1632 patients were included in this study. HETM was used for 347 cycles of 342 patients, and standard medium for 1374 cycles of 1290 patients...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Nitika Gupta, Shilpa Bhandari, Pallavi Agrawal, Ishita Ganguly, Aparna Singh
Objective: This study aims to study the difference in etiology and outcome in terms of implantation rate and abortion rate in fresh (self-stimulated) versus frozen (oocyte donation cycle) in vitro fertilization (IVF) and in transient versus persistent fluid. Material and Methods: This retrospective study was conducted in the Department of Reproductive Medicine of tertiary care center from January 2012 to November 2015. Data were collected retrospectively from the departmental files...
October 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
Jawa Ashmita, Swarankar Vikas, Garg Swati
Background: Premature progesterone rise (PPR) has long been implicated as contributing to implantation failure. Despite the use of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogues, subtle increases in serum progesterone ( P 4 ) levels beyond a threshold progesterone concentration were observed on the day of trigger in controlled ovarian hyperstimulation cycles. Aims: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the incidence of PPR on the day of trigger in conventional IVF/ICSI cycles and its impact on clinical pregnancy rate...
October 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
Michal Elbaz, Ron Hadas, Louise M Bilezikjian, Eran Gershon
BACKGROUND: Forkhead Transcription Factor L2 (FOXL2) is a member of the forkhead family with important roles in reproduction. Recent studies showed that FOXL2 is expressed in human and bovine endometrium and that its levels fluctuate during pregnancy. In this study, we aimed at evaluating the expression and function of FOXL2 in embryo implantation. METHODS: Mouse uteri at different days of pregnancy were isolated and analyzed for the expression and localization of FOXL2...
February 7, 2018: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
Olga Tšuiko, Tatjana Jatsenko, Lalit Kumar Parameswaran Grace, Ants Kurg, Joris Robert Vermeesch, Fredrik Lanner, Signe Altmäe, Andres Salumets
The journey of embryonic development starts at oocyte fertilization, which triggers a complex cascade of events and cellular pathways that guide early embryogenesis. Recent technological advances have greatly expanded our knowledge of cleavage-stage embryo development, which is characterized by an increased rate of whole-chromosome losses and gains, mixoploidy, and atypical cleavage morphokinetics. Embryonic aneuploidy significantly contributes to implantation failure, spontaneous miscarriage, stillbirth or congenital birth defects in both natural and assisted human reproduction...
January 31, 2018: Developmental Biology
Kelvin Kl Ng, Genia Rozen, Tanya Stewart, Franca Agresta, Alex Polyakov
INTRODUCTION: Implantation failure is the main factor affecting the success rate of in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedures. Studies have reported that uterine contractions (UCs) at the time of embryo transfer (ET) were inversely related to implantation and pregnancy rate, hence reducing the success of IVF treatment. Various pharmacological agents, with the exception of calcium channel blocker (CCB), have been investigated to reduce UC. In this regard, we are presenting a proposal for a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Onder Celik, Mustafa Acet, Haldun Arpaci, Levent Dikbas, Aytac Imren, Bulent Duran, Nilufer Celik, Sudenaz Celik, Cihat Unlu, Ibrahim Sahin, Suleyman Aydin
Embryos have evolved a remarkable capacity to find implantation site. The impressive navigation ability of natural blastocysts may rely on highly sensitive signals arising from embryos and specialized signal processing strategies in the endometrium. Navigation capabilities may be compromised in ICSI embryos because of altered biochemical signaling. The design and delivery of artificial blastocyst (AB) carrying strong chemical signals may allow ICSI embryos to more easily locate to and be retained in the implantation zone...
January 30, 2018: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
Dannielle H Upton, Kirsty A Walters, Kirsten J McTavish, Janet Holt, David J Handelsman, Charles M Allan
Human female reproductive aging features declining ovarian follicle reserve and oocyte quality, and rising levels of circulating follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). We determined the effects of elevated FSH on oocyte-embryo development in mature mice exhibiting premature infertility caused by progressively rising transgenic human FSH (TgFSH) levels. Oocyte-embryo developmental competence and quality were examined using oocyte maturation and aneuploidy rates, biomarkers of oocyte quality, and reciprocal embryo transfers assessed for implantation and pregnancy...
January 22, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
Xi Wang, Qi Yu
Despite advances in our understanding of fertility, implantation failure remains a significant problem for both spontaneous and assisted pregnancies. Most research efforts concerning the process of implantation are embryo-centric, with a dearth of studies on endometrial factors. Currently, there are no practical and effective diagnostic tools available to precisely predict endometrial receptivity. Transcriptomics, a field based on microarray technology, has a number of procedures for clinical applications, although the functional relevance of most identified genes remains unclear...
January 22, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
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