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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343316/translation-and-validation-of-iciq-fluts-for-tamil-speaking-women
#1
Chanil D Ekanayake, Arunasalam Pathmeswaran, A A Nilanga Nishad, Kanishka U Samaranayake, Prasantha S Wijesinghe
AIMS: Research in to lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in women in South Asia is hampered by lack of validated tools. Our aim was to validate the International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire on Female Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (ICIQ-FLUTS) from English to Tamil. METHOD: After translation to Tamil, a validation study was carried out among women attending the gynecology clinic at District General Hospital-Mannar. RESULTS: Content validity assessed by the level of missing data was <2%...
March 25, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343292/psychometric-validation-of-the-heart-failure-caregiver-questionnaire-hf-cq-%C3%A2
#2
Anna Strömberg, Nicola Bonner, Laura Grant, Bryan Bennett, Misook L Chung, Tiny Jaarsma, Marie Louise Luttik, Eldrin F Lewis, Frederico Calado, Celine Deschaseaux
BACKGROUND: The Heart Failure Caregiver Questionnaire (HF-CQ(®)) was developed to assess subjective outcomes of heart failure caregivers. The HF-CQ(®) comprises 21 questions on three domains, namely physical, emotional/psychological and lifestyle. The objective of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the HF-CQ(®). METHODS: Patients (n = 150) with heart failure and their primary caregivers (n = 150) were recruited from 11 sites in USA...
March 25, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343233/incidence-of-and-factors-influencing-femoral-neck-shortening-in-elderly-patients-after-fracture-fixation-with-multiple-cancellous-screws
#3
Xiaobing Chen, Jianzheng Zhang, Xiinling Wang, Jixin Ren, Zhi Liu
BACKGROUND To study the incidence of and factors influencing "neck shortening" in elderly patients treated for femoral neck fractures using multiple cancellous screws. MATERIAL AND METHODS Of the 197 femoral neck fracture cases treated via closed reduction and cancellous screws fixation from January 2006 to February 2010, 110 were followed up. Patient age, gender, operative time, implantation method, reduction quality, fracture type, bone mineral density, loading time, length of hospital stay, and Harris hip score 12 months after operation were recorded...
March 26, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343224/the-evidence-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-the-community-and-for-primary-care-interventions
#4
Lauren Emmett, James Tollitt, Sheila McCorkindale, Smeeta Sinha, Dimitrios Poulikakos
BACKGROUND: Almost two-thirds of patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) damage their kidneys whilst in the community. This paper aims to review existing data on incidence, mortality, and morbidity of AKI within the community and explore the evidence base for primary care strategies aimed at reducing incidence and improving early detection and management of AKI. METHODS: A literature search was carried out using PubMed; key words including AKI, primary care, community acquired, and electronic alerts (e-alerts) were used to capture relevant data...
March 25, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343213/gross-hematuria-is-more-common-in-male-and-older-patients-with-renal-tuberculosis-in-china-a-single-center-15-year-clinical-experience
#5
Yudong Cao, Yu Fan, Yuke Chen, Zheng Zhao, Yi Song, Cheng Shen, Xin Li, Haichao Huang, Wei Yu, Jie Jin
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the clinical features of renal tuberculosis and identify the age- and gender-related differences. METHODS: A total of 419 patients at the Peking University First Hospital from January 2000 to July 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Data on demographic characteristics, clinical presentation, complications, laboratory results, radiologic imaging, surgical procedures, and pathology features were collected and compared between genders and 3 different age groups (under 40 years, 41-60, years and over 60 years)...
March 25, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343207/-liability-for-damages-resulting-from-hospital-falls
#6
Anita Gałęska-Śliwka, Marcin Śliwka
The aim of the work is to analyze the conditions for liability of medical institutions for damages resulting from hospital fails. The study identifies achievements of polish jurisprudence. The authors also pointed to factors specific for claims of this type. The paper discusses: legal consequences of failure to provide security of patient stay and the responsibilities of hospitals in relation to patients especially vulnerable to falls. It also analyzes the problems faced by patients claiming compensation for damages resulting from such events: constraints of the evidence in establishing the conditions for liability, the argument unpredictability of event and the detrimental impact of the actions taken in the hospital to reduce the risk of falling...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343204/-risk-management-of-hospital-infections-as-a-supporting-tool-for-the-improvement-of-hospital-quality-some-european-examples
#7
Mateusz Sitek, Izabela Witczak, Dorota Kiedik
Prevention and control of nosocomial infections is one of the main pillars of security in each medical facility. This affects the quality of services and helps to minimize the economic losses incurred as a result of such infections. (Prolonged hospitalization, expensive antibiotic therapies, court costs of damages). Nosocomial infections occur in every medical facility in the hospitals in terms of risk of infection compared to other medicinal entities are at greater risk of environmental (number of hospitalizations for one bed, the amount of disinfectants, etc...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343196/-hope-as-psychological-resource-for-nurturant-professionals-medicine-case-study
#8
Наталия Е Водопьянова, Вера А Чикер, Валерия В Потявина
INTRODUCTION: In the article, the issues concerning hope, which is one of the most important resources for specialists of many nurturant professions, are observed. The theoretical analysis of hope and its categorization from the perspective of subjective and resource-based view is given. The special scientific and practical interest to human subjective and personal resources is determined by their unique role not only in human life support, but also in overcoming hard situations and extreme obstacles, including crisis situations in professional activity, with the example of the profession of a doctor...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343193/role-of-genetic-mutations-in-development-of-immunological-and-clinical-disorders-in-children-with-chronic-pyelonephritis
#9
Vira P Harshman, Tetyana O Kryuchko, Iryna O Kolenko, Tetyana V Kushnereva, Olha Y Tkachenko
INTRODUCTION: At the present time, the study of mechanisms of recognition of foreign agents, which is realized by means of Toll-like receptors (TLR) of the innate immune system, has become one of the main tasks of clinical immunology. The aim of our study was to investigate the prevalence of polymorphism of Toll-like receptor 4 (Asp299Gly, Gly299Gly) among children with chronic pyelonephritis (CP) and determine the association of this TLR4 polymorphism with phenotypic features of chronic pyelonephritis and level of interleukin-6 (IL-6)...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343192/post-stroke-fatigue-and-its-dimensions-within-first-3-months-after-stroke
#10
Iryna I Delva, Nataliya V Lytvynenko, Mykhaylo Y Delva
INTRODUCTION: Post-stroke fatigue (PSF) is a common stroke complication with long-term negative consequences. AIM: Assess the qualitative and quantitative PSF characteristics during 3 month post-stroke period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: There were examined 141 patients with acute ischemic or hemorrhagic strokes at hospital stay, in 1, 2 and 3 months after stroke. PSF was measured by fatigue assessment scale (FAS), multidimensional fatigue inventory-20 (MFI-20) and fatigue severity scale (FSS)...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343186/-profile-of-adults-suffering-from-copd-in-poland
#11
Marcin Nowak, Mateusz Jankowski, Grzegorz M Brożek, Szymon Skoczyński, Patrycja Rzepka-Wrona, Ewa Pierzchała, Jan E Zejda, Władysław Pierzchała
INTRODUCTION: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the most common chronic diseases in adults. It is estimated, that in Poland around two million people suffer from COPD. THE AIM: The aim of this study, was to characterize population of patients with COPD in Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study, established and coordinated by the Polish Respiratory Society, included a representative sample of 500 GPs where were asked to fill questionnaires on diagnosis and treatment of their COPD patients...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343029/meta-analysis-of-transhiatal-esophagectomy-in-carcinoma-of-esophagogastric-junction-does-it-have-an-advantage
#12
REVIEW
Rong Yan, Chengxue Dang
PURPOSE: Compare the clinical outcome of Transhiatal Esophagectomy (THE) approach and open Thoracic Esophagectomy (TTE) approach in the carcinoma of esophagogastric junction (CEGJ). METHODS: Relevant literature published until 2016 from PubMed, Cochrane Library, Ovid (Medline) and EMBASE were retrieved. Meta-analysis was achieved by using the Stata12 software. RESULTS: A total of 18 studies and 2202 cases of patients were involved in this meta-analysis...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343026/comparison-of-unilateral-versus-bilateral-pedicle-screw-fixation-at-the-level-of-fracture-using-posterior-short-segment-pedicle-instrumentation-in-the-treatment-of-severe-thoracolumbar-burst-fractures
#13
Chao Sun, Xinhui Liu, Jiwei Tian, Guoping Guan, Hailong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Thoracolumbar burst fractures (TBFs) are often followed by bilateral pedicle screw fixation(BPSF) at the level of fracture using posterior short-segment pedicle instrumentation (SSPI). There has been increasing support for unilateral pedicle screw fixation (UPSF) in an attempt to reduce complications and costs. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical and radiologic results of UPSF versus BPSF at the level of fracture using SSPI in the treatment of severe TBFs. METHODS: The records of 42 consecutive patients with severe TBFs who underwent SSPI were divided into 2 groups according to the number of screws in the fracture level, including 20 patients (five screws) in UPSF group and 22 patients(six screws) in BPSF...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342937/molecular-epidemiology-of-staphylococcus-aureus-nasal-colonization-among-patients-and-their-parents-guardian-in-an-iranian-referral-hospital
#14
Babak Pourakbari, Mahmoud Khodabandeh, Shima Mahmoudi, Farah Sabouni, Alireza Aziz-Ahari, Abbas Bahador, Sepideh Keshavarz Valian, Reihaneh Hosseinpour Sadeghi, Setareh Mamishi
INTRODUCTION: Carriage of Staphylococcus aureus in the nose appears to play a key role in the epidemiology and pathogenesis of infection. It is important to investigate the genetic relatedness of S. aureus and MRSA clones in different geographic regions. The aim of this study was to assess the nasal carriage rate of S. aureus, including MRSA strains in both hospitalized children and general adult population (parents/guardian). In addition, antibiotic susceptibility pattern and molecular diversity of S...
March 22, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342928/does-implementing-an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-protocol-increase-hospital-charges-comparisons-from-a-radical-cystectomy-program-at-a-specialty-cancer-center
#15
Juan Chipollini, Dominic H Tang, Karim Hussein, Sephalie Y Patel, Rosemarie E Garcia-Getting, Julio M Pow-Sang, Scott M Gilbert, Wade J Sexton, Philippe E Spiess, Michael A Poch
OBJECTIVE To compare perioperative charges induced at initial phase of a standardized enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program from a tertiary, referral center. METHODS A multidisciplinary ERAS protocol was implemented in our department in July 2015. The subsequent year all patients were treated according to this protocol (ERAS group). They were compared in terms of real in-hospital charges per surgical episode with a control group consisting of consecutive patients prior to start of ERAS. Individual charges were analyzed per each sample population and compared with the Wilcoxon rank and t tests...
March 23, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342925/epidemiology-and-characteristics-of-neurosurgical-conditions-at-mbarara-regional-referral-hospital
#16
Jihad Abdelgadir, Emily R Smith, Maria Punchak, Joao Ricardo Vissoci, Catherine Staton, Alex Muhindo, David Kitya, Lawrence P Park, Michael M Haglund
BACKGROUND: The unmet surgical need, specifically neurosurgical need, in Uganda is significant, yet only two public hospitals currently perform neurosurgery in the country. This study examines the epidemiology and outcomes of neurosurgical conditions presenting to one of 12 regional referral hospitals in Uganda, in an effort to understand the neurosurgical needs of this population. METHODS: The study was conducted at Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital (MRRH), in southwestern Uganda...
March 23, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342884/oral-cancer-reconstruction-using-the-supraclavicular-artery-island-flap-comparison-to-free-radial-forearm-flap
#17
Christian Welz, Martin Canis, Sabina Schwenk-Zieger, Jennifer L Spiegel, Bernhard G Weiß, Yiannis Pilavakis
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether the pedicled supraclavicular artery island flap (SCAIF) is a sufficient alternative to the fasciocutaneous radial forearm free flap (RFFF) for oral reconstruction in cancer surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The authors designed and implemented a retrospective cohort study composed of all consecutive patients who underwent head and neck reconstruction after cancer surgery at their tertiary university hospital from 2013 to 2016. Demographics and peri- and postoperative information were recorded and statistically analyzed...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342829/effects-of-peer-mentoring-on-self-efficacy-and-hospital-readmission-following-inpatient-rehabilitation-of-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Julie Gassaway, Michael L Jones, W Mark Sweatman, Minna Hong, Peter Anziano, Karen DeVault
OBJECTIVE: Investigate the effect of intensive peer mentoring on patient reported outcomes of self-efficacy and unplanned hospital readmissions for persons with spinal cord injury/disease (SCI/D) within the first 6 months after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial; SETTING: Non-profit inpatient rehabilitation hospital specializing in care of persons with SCI/D and brain injury PARTICIPANTS: 158 patients admitted to the SCI rehabilitation program whose discharge location was a community setting...
March 22, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342778/-the-burden-of-fungal-infections-in-algeria
#19
REVIEW
M Chekiri-Talbi, D W Denning
In Algeria, superficial mycoses are very commonly diagnosed. Deep fungal infections are less often observed. Few data from Algeria are found in the literature. We report for the first time the main causes of these diseases in our country and provide burden estimates. We searched for existing data and estimated the incidence and prevalence of fungal diseases based on the population at risk and available epidemiological data. Demographic data were derived from the Service (Office) of the Statistics (ONES), World Health Organization (WHO), The Joint Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and national published reports...
March 22, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342777/teaching-and-assessing-professionalism-in-radiology-resident-education
#20
REVIEW
Aine Marie Kelly, Larry D Gruppen, Patricia B Mullan
Radiologists in teaching hospitals and in practices with residents rotating through are involved in the education of their residents. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires evidence that trainees are taught and demonstrate competency not only in medical knowledge and in patient care-the historic focus of radiology education-but also in the so-called non-interpretative core competencies, which include professionalism and interpersonal skills. In addition to accreditation agencies, the prominent assessment practices represented by the American Board of Radiology core and certifying examinations for trainees, as well as Maintenance of Certification for practitioners, are planning to feature more non-interpretative competency assessment, including professionalism to a greater extent...
March 22, 2017: Academic Radiology
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