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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231691/evaluation-of-diagnostic-performance-of-screening-thyroid-ultrasonography-us-and-imaging-findings-of-screening-detected-thyroid-cancer
#1
Jeongin Yoo, Hye Shin Ahn, Soo Jin Kim, Sung Hee Park, Mirinae Seo, Semin Chong
Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic performance and cost of screening thyroid ultrasonography (US) in an asymptomatic population and determine the US features of screening-detected thyroid cancer. Materials and Methods: This study included 1845 asymptomatic participants who underwent screening thyroid US between March and August 2012 at the screening center in our hospital. We evaluated the diagnostic performance of screening thyroid US for thyroid cancer and the average cost of diagnosis for each patient...
February 24, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231676/-post-marketing-surveillance-of-tanreqing-injection-in-children-a-real-world-study
#2
X X Li, L Zhuo, Y H Yang, S Y Zhan, S D Zhai
Objective: To evaluate the safety of Tanreqing injection among children in the real world. Methods: A multicenter, large sample, ambispective cohort study, with registration-type clinical safety monitoring. A total of 6 188 inpatients and patients from the emergency units, aged ≤ 14 years who all had been using Tanreqing injection in 59 secondary and tertiary hospitals in China, were recruited between January, 2014 and May, 2015. The main outcomes would include incidence and severity of adverse drug reaction (ADR)/adverse drug event (ADE) of Tanreqing injection...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231669/-consistency-analysis-on-acute-hepatitis-b-inpatients-reported-by-hepatitis-b-surveillance-pilot-spots-in-six-provinces-of-china
#3
N Miao, G M Zhang, F Z Wang, H Zheng, X J Sun, X J Ma, F Q Cui
Objective: To understand the characteristics of acute hepatitis B inpatients reported by the hepatitis B surveillance pilot points and to estimate the consistency between the diagnosed and reported types of hepatitis B by the clinicians involved. Methods: Data related to acute hepatitis B was from the NNDRS and the characteristics of acute hepatitis B were classified by querying Hospital Information System. We recorded the results based on clinical diagnosis and analyzed the consistency between the reported and diagnosed types that the clinicians made, on hepatitis B...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231666/-an-outbreak-of-paratyphoid-fever-in-a-county-of-yunnan-province-2010-2011
#4
S K Wang, Z G Wang, X H Zhang, B Yang, Q Wu, B Kan, Y H Zhou, R S Yang, M Y Yan
Objective: To identify the source and to comment on control program regarding an outbreak of paratyphoid A fever in a county, through field studies. Methods: Descriptive epidemiological methods were adopted to describe the epidemiological characteristics of the outbreak, which occurred in Yuanjiang county, Yunan province between 2010-2011, China. Case-control study with environmental investigation was performed to identify related risk factors and pathogens while isolation and susceptibility on the suspected pathogens were conducted...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231651/radiographic-measurement-of-joint-space-width-using-the-fixed-flexion-view-in-1-102-knees-of-japanese-patients-with-osteoarthritis-in-comparison-with-the-standing-extended-view
#5
Hiroyuki Kan, Yuji Arai, Masashi Kobayashi, Shuji Nakagawa, Hiroaki Inoue, Manabu Hino, Shintaro Komaki, Kazuya Ikoma, Keiichiro Ueshima, Hiroyoshi Fujiwara, Toshikazu Kubo
Purpose: The fixed flexion view (FFV) of the knee is considered useful for evaluating the joint space when assessing the severity of osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. To clarify the usefulness of FFV for evaluation of the joint space and severity of knee OA, this study evaluated changes in the joint space on the FFV and standing extended view (SEV) in patients with knee OA. Materials and Methods: The SEV and FFV images were acquired in 567 patients (1,102 knees) who visited the hospital with a chief complaint of knee joint pain...
March 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231636/personalized-thromboprophylaxis-using-a-risk-score-for-the-management-of-pregnancies-with-high-risk-of-thrombosis-a-prospective-clinical-study
#6
Y Dargaud, L Rugeri, C Fleury, C Battie, P Gaucherand, C Huissoud, R C Rudigoz, H Desmurs-Clavel, J Ninet, M C Trzeciak
BACKGROUND: Patients with thrombophilia and/or a history of venous thromboembolism (VTE) are at risk of thrombosis during pregnancy. A risk score for pregnancies with increased risk of VTE was previously described by our group (Lyon-VTE-score). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this prospective study was to assess the efficacy and safety of our score-based prophylaxis strategy in 542 pregnancies managed between 2005 and 2015 in Lyon University Hospitals. PATIENTS/METHODS: Of 445 patients included in the study, 36 had several pregnancies during the study period...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231632/reliability-and-validity-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-self-care-ability-scale-for-the-elderly
#7
Han Gao, Ulrika Söderhamn, Christina Cliffordson, Lina Guo, Qiyun Guo, Kun Liu
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To translate the Self-care Ability Scale for the Elderly into Simplified Chinese, and to test the Chinese version of the scale regarding its reliability and validity among older people. BACKGROUND: Self-care is an important topic in nursing. When assessing older people's self-care ability, it is essential that a reliable and valid instrument is used. DESIGN: This study employed across-sectional design. METHODS: We translated the English version of the Self-care Ability Scale for the Elderly into Simplified Chinese according to Brislin's translation guidelines, and carried out a questionnaire survey among 610 older people, including both community-dwelling people and hospital patients, in Jinzhou City, People's Republic of China...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231628/the-lived-experience-of-recovery-during-the-first-six-months-after-colorectal-cancer-surgery
#8
Jenny Jakobsson, Ewa Idvall, Christine Kumlien
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to describe the lived experience of recovery during the first six months after colorectal cancer surgery. BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer-diagnose worldwide. Early discharge places demands on health care professionals to prepare patients for their return home and to provide them with appropriate support throughout the recovery process. This requires knowledge of what it is like to recover from colorectal cancer surgery...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231620/sustaining-guideline-implementation-a-multi-site-perspective-on-activities-challenges-and-supports
#9
Kathryn Smith Higuchi, Barbara Davies, Jenny Ploeg
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine activities conducted, challenges encountered, and supports used when sustaining nursing practice guideline implementation in multiple health care organizations over three years. BACKGROUND: Numerous models and frameworks exist to guide the implementation of guidelines, yet very few focus on sustaining improved practice changes. It is not known if one intervention or multiple interventions are required, nor the long-term activities, challenges, and supports for sustaining improved practices...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231609/print-media-representations-of-united-kingdom-accident-and-emergency-treatment-targets-winter-2014-15
#10
Aimee Grant, Louise Hoyle
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: to undertake an analysis of UK national daily newspaper coverage of accident and emergency treatment targets, in order to understand if the media could be seen to be creating a scandal. BACKGROUND: Emergency Department treatment targets have become common in developed countries. In the United Kingdom (UK), hospitals are required to treat and discharge patients within four hours, and statistics are published daily. Breaches of targets are regularly reported by the UK print media...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231606/user-participation-is-a-family-matter-a-multiple-case-study-of-the-experiences-of-older-hospitalized-people-and-their-relatives
#11
Ingrid Nyborg, Lars Johan Danbolt, Marit Kirkevold
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this multiple case study was to compare and contrast older people's and their relatives' experiences of participation in decision-making processes regarding the planning of everyday life after discharge from hospital. BACKGROUND: Internationally, patient involvement in health services is established to benefit patient health and to improve quality of the services. The literature shows that at hospital discharge older people would benefit from better communication and more active participation of relatives in the discharge planning...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231597/predictors-of-cesarean-delivery-in-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Carmem Luiza Lucht Gascho, Danieli Mayumi Kimura Leandro, Thiago Ribeiro E Silva, Jean Carl Silva
Purpose The aim of this study was to evaluate which risk factors may lead patients with gestational diabetes mellitus to cesarean delivery. Methods This was a retrospective, descriptive study. The subjects of the study were pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus attending a public maternity hospital in the south of Brazil. The primary outcomes assessed were based on maternal and fetal characteristics. The data were correlated using an odds ratio (OR) with a 95% confidence interval (95%CI), calculated using multinomial logistic regression...
February 23, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231596/-impact-of-a-senso-motoric-intervention-in-copd-patients-participating-in-an-outpatient-pulmonary-rehabilitation-program-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
M Spielmanns, K Müller, N Schott, A Winkler, H Polanski, C Nell, T Boeselt, A R Koczulla, J H Storre, W Windisch, F S Magnet, K Baum
Objective: Exercise training provides a cornerstone of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in COPD-patients. However, the components of the training are not yet fully investigated. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to investigate the effectiveness of a sensory-motoric training (SMT) in comparison to a conventional strength training (KT) according to the physical performance. Patients and Methods: 43 COPD patients were randomized and participated either in the intervention group (SMT = 30 minutes SMT per day) or in the control group (KT = 30 minutes KT per day)...
February 23, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231519/carotid-systolic-flow-time-with-passive-leg-raise-correlates-with-fluid-status-changes-in-patients-undergoing-dialysis
#14
Pavel Antiperovitch, Eduard Iliescu, Barry Chan
Corrected carotid systolic flow time (CFTc) has been proposed as a measure of volume status in acutely ill patients. This study endeavors to determine whether the change in CFTc with passive leg raise (PLR) maneuver correlates with volume status changes. Dialysis patients at Kingston General Hospital (Kingston, Canada) underwent point-of-care carotid ultrasonography at the beginning and the end of dialysis. With each measurement, 2 values were recorded: the absolute CFTc, and the difference in CFTc before and after the PLR maneuver...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231518/early-bronchoalveolar-lavage-for-intubated-trauma-patients-with-tbi-or-chest-trauma
#15
Tyler J Loftus, Stephen J Lemon, Linda L Nguyen, Stacy A Voils, Scott C Brakenridge, Janeen R Jordan, Chasen A Croft, R Stephen Smith, Frederick A Moore, Philip A Efron, Alicia M Mohr
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of an early bronchoalveolar lavage (E-BAL) protocol. BAL was performed within 48 h for intubated patients with traumatic brain injury or chest trauma. We hypothesized that E-BAL would decrease antibiotic use and improve outcomes compared to late BAL (L-BAL) triggered by clinical signs of pneumonia. METHODS: Retrospective cohort analysis of 132 patients with quantitative BAL and ≥1 risk factor: head Abbreviated Injury Score ≥2, ≥3 rib fractures, or radiographic signs of aspiration or pulmonary contusion...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231480/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-post-hospitalization-ecological-momentary-assessment-in-patients-with-psychotic-spectrum-disorders
#16
Ethan Moitra, Brandon A Gaudiano, Carter H Davis, Dror Ben-Zeev
BACKGROUND: Up to 50% of patients with psychotic-spectrum disorders are medication nonadherent. The use of real-time assessment via ecological momentary assessment (EMA) on mobile devices might offer important insights into adherence behaviors that cannot be measured in the clinic. However, existing EMA studies have only studied acutely ill patients during hospitalization or more stable patients in the community. METHODS: Feasibility and acceptability of EMA in 65 patients with psychotic-spectrum disorders who were recently discharged from the hospital were assessed...
February 7, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231475/the-use-and-yield-of-continuous-eeg-in-critically-ill-patients-a-comparative-study-of-three-centers
#17
Vincent Alvarez, Andres A Rodriguez Ruiz, Suzette LaRoche, Lawrence J Hirsch, Christopher Parres, Paula E Voinescu, Andres Fernandez, Ognen A Petroff, Nishi Rampal, Hiba Arif Haider, Jong Woo Lee
OBJECTIVE: Continuous EEG (cEEG) monitoring of critically ill patients has gained widespread use, but there is substantial reported variability in its use. We analyzed cEEG and antiseizure drug (ASD) usage at three high volume centers. METHODS: We utilized a multicenter cEEG database used daily as a clinical reporting tool in three tertiary care sites (Emory Hospital, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Yale - New Haven Hospital). We compared the cEEG usage patterns, seizure frequency, detection of rhythmic/periodic patterns (RPP), and ASD use between the sites...
January 17, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231427/risk-factors-of-female-breast-cancer-in-vietnam-a-case-control-study
#18
Phuong Dung Yun Trieu, Claudia Mello-Thoms, Jenny K Peat, Thuan Doan Do, Patrick C Brennan
Purpose: Rates of women with breast cancer have increased rapidly in recent years in Vietnam, with over 10,000 new patients contracting the disease every year. This study was conducted to identify demographic, reproductive and lifestyle risk factors for breast cancer in Vietnam. Materials and Methods: Breast density, demographic, reproductive and lifestyle data of 269 women with breast cancer and 519 age-matched controls were collected in the two largest oncology hospitals in Vietnam (one in the north and one in the south)...
February 20, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231370/significance-of-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-olfactory-disorder
#19
Teemu Harju, Markus Rautiainen, Ilkka Kivekäs
The aim of this retrospective analysis was to examine olfactory disorders among the patients in the Ear, Nose, and Throat Clinic of Tampere University Hospital, Finland, from 2001 to 2011, and to evaluate the necessity of imaging in the examination of patients with olfactory disorders. Charts of 143 consecutive patients with a primary olfactory disorder were examined, and 69 patients who had undergone the necessary testing were included in the study. The most common causes of olfactory disorder were upper respiratory infection (23%), chronic rhinosinusitis (19%), head trauma (17%), and allergic or nonallergic rhinitis (6%)...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231369/estimation-of-partitioning-of-airflow-in-septal-surgery-a-prospective-study-with-reference-to-the-nose-scale
#20
Indranil Sen, Mainak Dutta, Dibakar Haldar, Ramanuj Sinha
Improper patient selection for septal surgery often has been found to result in therapeutic failure, and there needs to be an objective assessment of nasal obstruction before the surgery and for postoperative follow-up that can be applied in the routine otolaryngology practice. The purpose of this study is to assess the usefulness of a cost-effective device for objective measurement of the nasal airway partitioning in selecting patients for septal surgery and for postoperative outcome evaluation. A hospital-based, prospective, observational study was carried out in a tertiary-care teaching institution involving 74 patients waiting for septal surgery...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
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