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Adipose tissue vitamin D

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909574/the-possible-antidiabetic-effects-of-vitamin-d-receptors-agonist-in-rat-model-of-type-2-diabetes
#1
Wafaa M Abdel-Rehim, Rasha A El-Tahan, Mennatullah A El-Tarawy, Rowaida R Shehata, Maher A Kamel
Vitamin D3 deficiency was found to be tightly linked to many health problems including metabolic syndrome, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. In our study, we tested the possible antidiabetic effects of one of vitamin D3 analogs, alfacalcidol, solely or in a combination with metformin on type 2 diabetic rats. Type 2 diabetic model rats were induced by feeding high-fat diet for 4 weeks followed by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin. In addition to the control group, the diabetic rats were divided into four groups: untreated, metformin-treated, alfacalcidol-treated, and combination-treated group (metformin + alfacalcidol) for 4 weeks...
June 16, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895021/metabolic-syndrome-in-parathyroid-diseases
#2
Sabrina Corbetta, G Mantovani, A Spada
Parathyroid glands are the main regulator of body mineral metabolism through parathormone (PTH) actions on bone and kidney. Experimental evidence suggests that PTH may have non-classical target organs such as adipose tissue, arterial vascular wall, cardiac muscle cells, and adrenal cortex cells, where it may play a role in controlling body energy, blood pressure, and metabolism. Cardiometabolic features have been investigated in the wide spectrum of clinical parathyroid disorders, from hyperparathyroidism to pseudohypoparathyroidism and hypoparathyroidism...
2018: Frontiers of Hormone Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764626/25-hydroxvitamin-d-concentrations-are-not-lower-in-children-with-bronchial-asthma-atopic-dermatitis-obesity-or-attention-deficient-hyperactivity-disorder-than-in-healthy-children
#3
Thomas Reinehr, Christian Langrock, Eckard Hamelmann, Thomas Lücke, Cordula Koerner-Rettberg, Martin Holtmann, Tanja Legenbauer, Stephanie Gest, Mirjam Frank, Börge Schmidt, Katharina Radkowski, Karl-Heinz Jöckel
Vitamin D (vitD) is involved in immune regulation, and its receptor has been identified in several tissues including lung, adipose tissue, brain, and skin. Based on these observations, it has been suggested that vitD has an essential role not only in bone metabolism but also in other diseases such as atopic dermatitis (AD), bronchial asthma (BA), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and obesity because the affected tissues express vitD receptors. Furthermore, obesity, AD, and BA are regarded as inflammatory diseases...
April 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719581/adipose-tissue-inflammation-and-vdr-expression-and-methylation-in-colorectal-cancer
#4
Daniel Castellano-Castillo, Sonsoles Morcillo, Mercedes Clemente-Postigo, Ana Belén Crujeiras, Jose Carlos Fernandez-García, Esperanza Torres, Francisco José Tinahones, Manuel Macias-Gonzalez
Background: Lack of vitamin D (VD) has been associated with colorectal cancer (CRC). VD has anti-inflammatory effects and regulates several cellular pathways by means of its receptor, including epigenetic modifications. Adipose tissue dysfunction has been related to low-grade inflammation, which is related to diseases like cancer. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), adipose tissue gene expression of VD receptor (VDR), pro-inflammatory markers, and the epigenetic factor DNA methyltransferase 3a (DNMT3A) as well as VDR promoter methylation in CRC...
2018: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686092/environmental-selection-during-the-last-ice-age-on-the-mother-to-infant-transmission-of-vitamin-d-and-fatty-acids-through-breast-milk
#5
Leslea J Hlusko, Joshua P Carlson, George Chaplin, Scott A Elias, John F Hoffecker, Michaela Huffman, Nina G Jablonski, Tesla A Monson, Dennis H O'Rourke, Marin A Pilloud, G Richard Scott
Because of the ubiquitous adaptability of our material culture, some human populations have occupied extreme environments that intensified selection on existing genomic variation. By 32,000 years ago, people were living in Arctic Beringia, and during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM; 28,000-18,000 y ago), they likely persisted in the Beringian refugium. Such high latitudes provide only very low levels of UV radiation, and can thereby lead to dangerously low levels of biosynthesized vitamin D. The physiological effects of vitamin D deficiency range from reduced dietary absorption of calcium to a compromised immune system and modified adipose tissue function...
May 8, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685623/dysregulated-1-25-dihydroxyvitamin-d-levels-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity-can-be-restored-by-changing-to-a-lower-fat-diet-in-mice
#6
Young Sun Jung, Dayong Wu, Donald Smith, Simin Nikbin Meydani, Sung Nim Han
Altered regulation of vitamin D metabolites, 25-hydroxyvitamin D and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25[OH]2 D), was observed in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity. We hypothesized that these HFD-induced changes in vitamin D metabolism would be reversed by decreasing fat mass through dietary intervention. Four-week-old C57BL/6J mice were assigned to 1 of 3 experimental diet groups: (1) the LL group was fed a control diet for 31 weeks, (2) the HH group was fed an HFD for 31 weeks, and (3) the HL group was fed HFD for 15 weeks then switched to the control diet for the remaining 16 weeks...
May 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684027/chronic-calcitriol-supplementation-improves-the-inflammatory-profiles-of-circulating-monocytes-and-the-associated-intestinal-adipose-tissue-alteration-in-a-diet-induced-steatohepatitis-rat-model
#7
Yen-Bo Su, Tzu-Hao Li, Chia-Chang Huang, Hung-Cheng Tsai, Shiang-Fen Huang, Yun-Cheng Hsieh, Ying-Ying Yang, Yi-Hsiang Huang, Ming-Chih Hou, Han-Chieh Lin
Vitamin D deficiency and up-regulated TNFα-related signals are reported to be involved in abnormalities including intestinal hyper-permeability, bacterial translocation, systemic/portal endotoxemia, intestinal/adipose tissue/hepatic inflammation, and hepatic steatosis in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). This study aims to explore the molecular mechanisms and effects of chronic calcitriol [1,25-(OH)2D3, hormonal form of vitamin D] on gut-adipose tissue-liver axis abnormalities using a high-fat diet (HFD)-fed rat model of NASH...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546647/bone-best-papers-of-the-year-2017
#8
REVIEW
Michaël R Laurent
An overview of selected papers related to bone published in 2017 is provided. PURPOSE: This paper accompanies a lecture at the 2018 Belgian Bone Club annual Clinical Update Symposium held in Brussels on January 20th, discussing the best papers (in the opinion of the author) published in the previous year. METHODS: A PubMed search using the keyword "bone" and articles published in 2017. RESULTS: Hot topics include screening for osteoporosis, novel anabolic drugs such as romosozumab and abaloparatide for osteoporosis and rare metabolic bone diseases, as well as long-term efficacy of denosumab and possible risk of multiple vertebral fractures following its discontinuation...
March 15, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533937/maternal-and-foetal-health-implications-of-vitamin-d-status-during-pregnancy
#9
Elvira Larqué, Eva Morales, Rosaura Leis, José E Blanco-Carnero
BACKGROUND: To what extent does the circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentration help to meet the physiological needs of humans is an ongoing subject of debate. Remaining unexposed to the sun to reduce melanoma cancer risk, current lifestyle with less out door activities, and increasing obesity rates, which in turn increases the storage of vitamin D in the adipose tissue, are presumably factors that contribute to the substantial upsurge in the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in humans...
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523876/association-between-maternal-mid-gestation-vitamin-d-status-and-neonatal-abdominal-adiposity
#10
Mya Thway Tint, Mary F Chong, Izzuddin M Aris, Keith M Godfrey, Phaik Ling Quah, Jeevesh Kapur, Seang Mei Saw, Peter D Gluckman, Victor S Rajadurai, Fabian Yap, Michael S Kramer, Yap-Seng Chong, Christiani Jeyakumar Henry, Marielle V Fortier, Yung Seng Lee
OBJECTIVES: Lower vitamin D status has been associated with adiposity in children through adults. However, the evidence of the impact of maternal vitamin-D status during pregnancy on offspring's adiposity is mixed. The objective of this study was to examine the associations between maternal vitamin-D [25(OH)D] status at mid-gestation and neonatal abdominal adipose tissue (AAT) compartments, particularly the deep subcutaneous adipose tissue linked with metabolic risk. METHODS: Participants (N = 292) were Asian mother-neonate pairs from the mother-offspring cohort, Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518767/vitamin-d-levels-body-composition-and-metabolic-factors-in-asian-indians-results-from-the-metabolic-syndrome-and-atherosclerosis-in-south-asians-living-in-america-pilot-study
#11
Janet M Chiang, Frank Z Stanczyk, Alka M Kanaya
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Asian Indians have a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and metabolic syndrome. Vitamin D deficiency is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of 150 Asian Indians (50% male) from the San Francisco Bay Area. We assessed the association between 25-OH vitamin D (25-OHD) levels and vitamin D deficiency with body composition (anthropometric and radiographic measures) and metabolic outcomes...
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506229/insulin-resistance-and-body-composition-in-cancer-patients
#12
R Dev, E Bruera, S Dalal
Cancer cachexia, weight loss with altered body composition, is a multifactorial syndrome propagated by symptoms that impair caloric intake, tumor byproducts, chronic inflammation, altered metabolism, and hormonal abnormalities. Cachexia is associated with reduced performance status, decreased tolerance to chemotherapy, and increased mortality in cancer patients. Insulin resistance as a consequence of tumor byproducts, chronic inflammation, and endocrine dysfunction has been associated with weight loss in cancer patients...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475214/micro-environment-and-intracellular-metabolism-modulation-of-adipose-tissue-macrophage-polarization-in-relation-to-chronic-inflammatory-diseases
#13
REVIEW
Xiao Zhu, Yixuan Tu, Hainan Chen, Ampadu O Jackson, Vaibhav Patel, Kai Yin
The accumulation and pro-inflammatory polarization of immune cells, mainly macrophages, in adipose tissue (AT) are considered crucial factors for obesity-induced chronic inflammatory diseases. In this review, we highlighted the role of adipose tissue macrophage (ATM) polarization on AT function in the obese state and the effect of the micro-environment and intracellular metabolism on the dynamic switch of ATMs into their pro-inflammatory or anti-inflammatory phenotypes, which may have distinct influences on obesity-related chronic inflammatory diseases...
February 23, 2018: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407432/thyroid-autoimmunity-an-interplay-of-factors
#14
Stephen J Merrill, Sarah B Minucci
The literature on thyroid autoimmunity has identified many potential factors at play for the initiation and progression of autoimmune thyroid diseases. These factors include genetic susceptibility, environmental factors, some drugs, iodine and selenium, infection, molecular mimics, and immune system defects. The sheer number of feasible factors makes sorting out the necessary agents from the fellow travelers difficult. In addition, many of these factors have the capability to interact-further confusing the picture...
2018: Vitamins and Hormones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339180/leptin-blocks-the-inhibitory-effect-of-vitamin-d-on-adipogenesis-and-cell-proliferation-in-3t3-l1-adipocytes
#15
Jessica Lopes Nobre, Patricia Cristina Lisboa, Janaine Cavalcanti Carvalho, Mariana Renovato Martins, Simone Vargas, Cristina Barja-Fidalgo, Egberto Gaspar de Moura, Elaine de Oliveira
Recently, we demonstrated high serum leptin and 25(OH)D (calcidiol) in obese animals, with high C/EBPβ and PPARγ expression in adipose tissue. Since the role of vitamin D in adipogenesis remains controversial and hyperleptinemia is found in obesity, we asked if leptin could interfere in vitamin D action on adipocytes. Here, we studied the direct effect of these two hormones upon 3T3L1 preadipocytes incubated with or without 1,25(OH)2D (100 nM, 24 h) and with leptin (10-7 M, 4 h later). RT-PCR (VDR and Cyp27b1/1α-hydroxylase), western blotting (VDR, Cyp27b1/1α-hydroxylase, ObR-b, C/EBPβ , PPARγ and Bax content), a cell proliferation assay and an Annexin V-FITC binding assay were performed...
January 12, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321608/the-effect-of-maternal-vitamin-d-deficiency-during-pregnancy-on-body-fat-and-adipogenesis-in-rat-offspring
#16
Juan Wen, Qin Hong, Xingyun Wang, Lijun Zhu, Tianqi Wu, Pengfei Xu, Ziyi Fu, Lianghui You, Xing Wang, Chenbo Ji, Xirong Guo
To evaluate the effects of maternal vitamin D deficiency on body fat and adipogenesis in offspring rats, and explore the potential mechanism, we constructed a vitamin D deficient rat model and performed metabolic activity evaluation, body fat monitoring, biochemical analysis, adipogenesis assay, methylation microarray and RNA-seq for their offspring rats. We found the weight of vitamin D deficient (VDD) offspring was gradually higher than that of control (CLT) offspring, and the difference was significant since 10 weeks old...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205876/vitamin-d-does-not-play-a-functional-role-in-adipose-tissue-development-in-rodent-models
#17
Alexandra Schutkowski, Daniela Max, Markus Bönn, Corinna Brandsch, Sarah M Grundmann, Frank Hirche, Martin S Staege, Gabriele I Stangl
SCOPE: Several studies have proposed a role of vitamin D in adipogenesis. Here, we sought to study the impact of the vitamin D receptor (Vdr) on adipocyte size in young and old mice and the effect of maternal vitamin D deficiency on fetal adipogenesis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Histological analysis of adipose tissues shows that Vdr knockout (KO) mice have smaller adipocytes than wild-type (WT) mice. Next, we compare young and old Vdr-KO and WT mice and find no differences in adipocyte sizes between weaned Vdr-KO and WT mice...
February 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186386/gene-expression-pattern-in-response-to-cholecalciferol-supplementation-highlights-cubilin-as-a-major-protein-of-25-oh-d-uptake-in-adipocytes-and-male-mice-white-adipose-tissue
#18
Lauriane Bonnet, Esma Karkeni, Charlène Couturier, Julien Astier, Julie Dalifard, Catherine Defoort, Ljubica Svilar, Jean-Charles Martin, Franck Tourniaire, Jean-François Landrier
It is well established that the active form of vitamin D (i.e., 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D]) regulates the expression of genes involved in its own metabolism and transport in the kidney and possibly in the liver. However, little is known about the transcriptional impact of cholecalciferol supplementation on white adipose tissue (WAT) and adipocytes, which are a major site of vitamin D and 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] storage in the organism. To fill this gap, we investigated the impact of cholecalciferol supplementation in WAT via a panel of genes coding for enzymes and proteins involved in vitamin D metabolism and uptake...
February 1, 2018: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180820/subcutaneous-white-adipocytes-express-a-light-sensitive-signaling-pathway-mediated-via-a-melanopsin-trpc-channel-axis
#19
Katarina Ondrusova, Mohammad Fatehi, Amy Barr, Zofia Czarnecka, Wentong Long, Kunimasa Suzuki, Scott Campbell, Koenraad Philippaert, Matthew Hubert, Edward Tredget, Peter Kwan, Nicolas Touret, Martin Wabitsch, Kevin Y Lee, Peter E Light
Subcutaneous white adipose tissue (scWAT) is the major fat depot in humans and is a central player in regulating whole body metabolism. Skin exposure to UV wavelengths from sunlight is required for Vitamin D synthesis and pigmentation, although it is plausible that longer visible wavelengths that penetrate the skin may regulate scWAT function. In this regard, we discovered a novel blue light-sensitive current in human scWAT that is mediated by melanopsin coupled to transient receptor potential canonical cation channels...
November 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136033/sun-exposure-in-pigs-increases-the-vitamin-d-nutritional-quality-of-pork
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
D Enette Larson-Meyer, Bennett C Ingold, Samanta R Fensterseifer, Kathleen J Austin, Perry J Wechsler, Bruce W Hollis, Andrew J Makowski, Brenda M Alexander
There is a high prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency worldwide likely because of both limited sun-exposure and inadequate dietary intake. Meat, including pork, is not typically considered a dietary source of vitamin D, possibly because of management practices that raise pigs in confinement. This experiment determined the vitamin D content of loin and subcutaneous adipose tissue in sun-exposed finisher pigs. Two separate groups of pigs were used. The first group (28 white Landrace-Duroc) was assigned at random to either sunlight exposure (SUN) in spring and summer or confinement per standard practice (Control)...
2017: PloS One
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