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Superior vena cava syndrome

Brandon Nokes, Andrew S Tseng, Rodrigo Cartin-Ceba, Fadi Shamoun, Clinton Jokerst, Lester Mertz
Behçet disease is a rare multisystem condition associated with HLA-B51 positivity that commonly afflicts individuals of Turkish or Middle Eastern descent, less than 10% of whom have pulmonary involvement. Behçet-related pulmonary vasculitis is an uncommon and heterogeneous group of conditions, often with associated pulmonary artery thrombus formation. These microthrombi can result in a misdiagnosis of acute pulmonary embolism. Anticoagulation therapy can be difficult, as blood thinners increase the risk of pulmonary hemorrhage without affording the same benefits as in pulmonary embolism management...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Arash Salavitabar, Jonathan N Flyer, Alejandro J Torres, Marc E Richmond, Matthew A Crystal, Mariel E Turner, Paul Chai, Warren A Zuckerman
Transcatheter stent implantation for SVC obstruction following OHT has been well described, particularly in pediatric patients. This study describes a large single-center pediatric heart transplant experience that investigates the risk factors for SVC stenosis requiring stent implantation and its associated outcomes. All pediatric OHTs between January 1, 2000, and December 12, 2016, were examined for risk factors. Twelve of 349 (3.4%) OHTs required SVC stent implantation. Patients who required stents were younger (2...
July 11, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
Longwei Sun, Yu-Hsiang Juan, Jimei Chen, Jian Zhuang, Jiajun Xie, He Li, Hui Liu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of unroofed coronary sinus (CS) syndrome at a tertiary hospital and analyze the clinical information, cardiovascular CT angiography (CCTA) imaging findings, associated anomalies, and surgical treatment of the identified cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively searched the database of a tertiary hospital for cases of unroofed CS syndrome among patients who underwent CCTA for known or suspected congenital heart disease...
June 27, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
A L Nguyen, H Belderbos, J G van Harten, L Wijne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Laura Labriola, Benjamin Seront, Ralph Crott, Pauline Borceux, Frank Hammer, Michel Jadoul
Background: Although superior vena cava (SVC) stenosis may be a life-threatening complication of haemodialysis (HD) catheters, its prevalence and risk factors in HD patients are unknown. Our aim was to assess the prevalence and risk factors for SVC stenosis in HD patients with a tunnelled cuffed catheter (TCC) and to describe its clinical presentation. Methods: In this single-centre, retrospective cohort study, all in-centre chronic HD patients carrying a TCC (1 January 2008-31 December 2012) were included (n = 117 patients, 214 TCC, 80 911 catheter-days)...
June 8, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Masroor Hassan, Hafez Mohammad Ammar Abdullah, Abdul Wahid, Muhammad Ashraf Qamar
Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-negative T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma is a variant of T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma/T-cell lymphoblastic leukaemia. TdT is a marker of immaturity expressed in 90%-95% cases of lymphoblastic lymphoma and useful in differentiating it from other mature lymphomas/leukaemias. It has been associated with poorer response to chemotherapy and a more aggressive outcome. Here we present a case of TdT-negative T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma in a 28-year-old man who presented with superior vena cava syndrome...
June 8, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Dabin Ji, Anne Elizabeth Gill, Robert Mitchell Ermentrout, Clifford Matthew Hawkins
Thrombogenic superior vena cava syndrome is an uncommon, dangerous complication of long-standing central venous catheter use. The increased use of central venous catheters has resulted in more non-malignant cases of superior vena cava syndrome across all age groups. We present a 5-year-old male with superior vena cava syndrome associated with acute onset of severe upper extremity and facial swelling, dyspnea, and a right subclavian central venous catheter malfunction. The patient was ultimately treated with percutaneous stenting of the superior vena cava with balloon-expandable Palmaz stents following unsuccessful angioplasty, catheter-directed thrombolysis, and percutaneous thrombectomy...
April 2018: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
Jérémy Bardet, Dominique Fabre, Philippe Brenot, Claire Watkins, Elie Fadel
Purpose: To report the endovascular reconstruction of the superior vena cava (SVC), innominate and internal jugular veins following stenosis due to mediastinal fibrosis. Case Report: A 36-year-old female with mediastinal fibrosis was referred for symptomatic SVC syndrome (SVCS). A covered stent was inserted in the SVC with 2 kissing stents in the innominate and jugular veins via anterograde right femoral vein access with sandwich technique. She exhibited near-immediate relief of debilitating symptoms...
2018: Open Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Valter Romão De Souza, Victor Moreira Valença de Lemos, Daniell de Siqueira Araújo Lafayette, Roberto Souza de Lemos, Luciana de Barros Correia Fontes, Glaydes Maria Torres de Lima, Cláudia Wanderley de Barros Correia, Ana Lucia Coutinho Domingues, Amanda Queiroz da Mota Silveira Aroucha, Igor Macedo de Oliveira, Gabriel Pinheiro Santos, Ana Maria Vanderlei, Vladmyr Moreira Valença de Lemos, João Vitor Sostenes Peter, Juliana Oliveira Vieira, Aline Rayane Pereira Mariano, Turíbio Anacleto Gomes, Alice Marcelle de Souza Ferraz, José Henrique Sousa do Amaral, Esdras Marques Lins, Marcos André Cavalcanti Bezerra, Paulo Sérgio Ramos de Araújo, Adriana Ferraz de Vasconcelos, Maria da Conceição de Barros Correia, Manuela Freire Hazin Costa
RATIONALE: Total absence of superior vena cava (ASVC) is a very rare anomaly, and the patient usually suffers from superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) or conduction disturbances. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a 36-year-old white male, born and living in Brazil, without comorbidities presented to hematologist thrombotic episodes even under anticoagulant therapy. On his first hematologic appointment, he had no active complaints except by the fullness after meals, and his physical examination presented remarkable collateral circulation in the chest...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Sandeep Ramesh Kukkar, Harsha Panchal, Asha Anand
Primary neuroendocrine tumors of the thymus are unusual anterior mediastinal tumors with a variable prognosis. A retrospective analysis of five patients with primary neuroendocrine tumors of the thymus admitted to the Gujarat Cancer and Research Institute, Ahmedabad, between 2012 and 2016, was done to study the clinical profile and outcome of these patients. The role of various prognostic factors such as surgical resection, histological grade, and Masaoka-Koga staging was also analyzed. Majority of the patients present with signs and symptoms related to a rapidly expanding mediastinal mass, such as breathlessness, facial puffiness, edema over the neck and extremities, chest pain, and other features of superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Cancer
Jeko M Madjarov, Michael G Katz, Sophia Madjarova, Svetozar Madzharov, Frank R Arko, David W Miller, Francis Robicsek
BACKGROUND: An anomalous muscle bundle (AMB) crossing the right atrial cavity represents a pathologic finding with unproved clinical significance. This congenital anomaly may be difficult to recognize via echocardiography and could be confused with other intracavitary lesions. METHODS: We report the case of a 53-year-old woman presented to the cardiovascular service with acute superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome and submassive pulmonary embolism. RESULTS: The patient underwent venography, confirming SVC stenosis...
May 22, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Fadi Nossair, Peter Schoettler, Joanne Starr, Anthony K C Chan, Ivan Kirov, Bosco Paes, Arash Mahajerin
Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) results in vascular, respiratory, and neurologic compromise. A systematic search was conducted to determine the prevalence of pediatric SVCS subtypes and identify clinical characteristics/treatment strategies that may influence overall outcomes. Data from 101 case reports/case series (142 patients) were analyzed. Morbidity (30%), mortality (18%), and acute complications (55%) were assessed as outcomes. Thrombosis was present in 36%, with multi-modal anticoagulation showing improved outcome by >50% (P = 0...
May 21, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Masayuki Tanahashi, Haruhiro Yukiue, Eriko Suzuki, Naoko Yoshii, Shinsuke Kitazawa, Yasunori Kaminuma, Hiroshi Niwa
OBJECTIVE: The outcome of surgical treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer after induction chemoradiotherapy was investigated. SUBJECTS: The subjects were 74 patients with non-small-cell lung cancer who received induction chemoradiotherapy( ICRT) between 1998 and 2016. ICRT was administered to pT3 lung cancer invading the chest wall(20 patients), pT4 lung cancer invading the adjacent organ(22 patients), and cN2 lung cancer(32 patients). cN2 was confirmed by mediastinoscopy(13 patients) and endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration(EBUS-TBNA)(19 patients)...
April 2018: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Shuji Kariya, Miyuki Nakatani, Takuji Maruyama, Yasuyuki Ono, Yutaka Ueno, Atsushi Komemushi, Noboru Tanigawa
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical results of central venous access port (CV port) placement by translumbar inferior vena cava cannulation using angio-CT unit for cancer patients with superior vena cava syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A CV port was placed by translumbar inferior vena cava cannulation using an angio-CT unit, in 14 consecutive patients. All patients had occlusion or advanced stenosis of the superior vena cava due to cancer progression. RESULTS: The technical success rate of the percutaneous translumbar CV port placement was 100%...
May 9, 2018: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Martin Chong Wang, Franziska Wandrer, Jerome Schlué, Torsten Voigtländer, Tim Oliver Lankisch, Michael Peter Manns, Heike Bantel, Thomas von Hahn
AIM: Acute liver failure (ALF) is a syndrome of severe liver injury that may need urgent liver transplantation and is associated with significant risk of death. Early outcome prediction and further possibilities to increase accuracy of prognosis scores are important. METHODS: We examined 30 patients with ALF, according to the novel criteria of the Intractable Hepato-Biliary Diseases Study Group, who underwent transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) and investigated the relevance of histology for correct diagnosis and etiology...
May 4, 2018: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
G D Lianos, N Hasemaki, E Tzima, G Vangelis, A Tselios, I Mpailis, E Lekkas
Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) represents undoubtedly a rare life-threatening condition. Herein, we present a rare case of a 69-year-old woman, with a history of hepatic flexure tumor and an indwelling central venous port, presenting with acute signs and symptoms of SVCS due to thrombosis of the catheter. The patient was treated with intravenous anticoagulation and fibrinolytic therapy and showed regression of symptoms. It is reported that central venous catheters are routinely used in clinical practice mainly in oncological cases for chemotherapy, parenteral nutrition or dialysis...
March 2018: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
Hiroyuki Ishibashi
Vascular Behçet's disease (BD) would keep risk of anastomotic pseudoaneurysm due to deterioration of the disease even after vascular surgery was successfully done. Therefore, it is one of the least-welcome diseases for vascular surgeons. There still exist several points on a concept and criteria of the vascular BD which not only general practitioners but also the vascular surgeons do not understand. Clinical findings strongly suspecting vascular BD are follows; saccular aneurysms without atherosclerosis developed in younger than 50-year-old patients, superior vena cava syndrome or deep vein thrombosis in bilateral legs without apparent causes, and multiple superficial thrombophlebitis, etc...
March 25, 2018: Annals of Vascular Diseases
Eriko Kashihara, Osamu Kanai, Misato Okamura, Tadashi Mio
Cutaneous lymphangitis carcinomatosa (CLC) is a rare form of cutaneous metastasis that causes lymphoedema and various eruptions. We report a case of lung cancer with CLC that caused both superior vena cava (SVC) stenosis and cervicofacial oedema, suggestive of SVC syndrome. A 64-year-old woman with lung adenocarcinoma presented with cervicofacial oedema and erythema, followed by severe dyspnoea 2 months after four cycles of carboplatin, pemetrexed and bevacizumab triplet therapy. Although chest CT indicated SVC stenosis, cervicofacial oedema remained despite treating the SVC stenosis via balloon dilation...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Bruno De Potter, Jef Huyskens, Birgitta Hiddinga, Maarten Spinhoven, Annelies Janssens, Jan P van Meerbeeck, Paul M Parizel, Annemie Snoeckx
Lung cancer patients often experience potentially life-threatening medical urgencies and emergencies, which may be a direct or indirect result of the underlying malignancy. This pictorial review addresses the most common thoracic, neurological and musculoskeletal medical emergencies in lung cancer patients, including superior vena cava syndrome, pulmonary embolism, spontaneous pneumothorax, cardiac tamponade, massive haemoptysis, central airway obstruction, oesophagorespiratory fistula, malignant spinal cord compression, carcinomatous meningitis, cerebral herniation and pathological fracture...
April 11, 2018: Insights Into Imaging
Anna Maria Ierardi, Maria Laura Jannone, Mario Petrillo, Pietro Maria Brambillasca, Enrico Maria Fumarola, Salvatore Alessio Angileri, Matteo Crippa, Gianpaolo Carrafiello
Symptomatic obstruction related to malignant involvement of large veins may occur in central veins both in the thoracic and pelvic regions, and in the abdominal region of the body. Both cases represent a therapeutic challenge, and endovascular revascularization, consisting of angioplasty and stent placement, is safe and effective. Superior vena cava stenting has become widespread in the management of occlusive venous disease. The percutaneous placement of large expandable metal stents allows rapid restoration of normal blood flow in the majority of patients, thus improving symptoms...
April 6, 2018: Future Oncology
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