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Superior vena cava syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799105/superior-vena-cava-syndrome-with-the-hepatic-hot-spot-sign
#1
Abhilash Koratala, Vikrampal Bhatti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779785/symptomatic-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-in-hemodialysis-patients-mid-term-results-of-primary-stenting
#2
Mafalda Massara, Giovanni De Caridi, Antonino Alberti, Pietro Volpe, Francesco Spinelli
This clinical report details the results of endovascular treatment of symptomatic superior vena cava syndrome due to central vein stenosis or obstruction (CVSO) by stent angioplasty in patients with dialysis-dependent end-stage renal disease. A 3-year retrospective review of two institutional registries identified 25 chronic hemodialysis patients (17 men, 8 women) affected by CVSO who received endovascular treatment. The majority of the patients (n = 19) presented with symptomatic arm, breast, and facial swelling; and 6 patients presented with dialysis-access dysfunction and venous-line hypertension...
December 2016: Seminars in Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763827/-management-of-a-port-catheter-related-superior-vena-cava-thrombosis-in-the-setting-of-active-crohn-s-disease-a%C3%A2-case-report
#3
Ludwig Abel, Britta Uhde, Rolf Dembinski, Konstantin Schraepler
History and clinical findings A 56 year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for treatment of a severe exacerbation of Crohn's disease. During the stay a port catheter was implanted, safeguarding nutrition. A few days later the patient developed symptoms of a severe superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome with dyspnea, cyanosis, headaches and swelling of face and upper extremities. Examination A CT scan showed port catheter-associated SVC thrombosis with complete occlusion of the SVC. Diagnosis There was a coexistence of a port catheter-associated SVC thrombosis with complete occlusion of the SVC and a severe exacerbation of Crohn's disease with haematochezia...
August 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740919/palliative-radiation-therapy-for-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-in-metastatic-wilms-tumor-using-10xfff-and-3d-surface-imaging-to-avoid-anesthesia-in-a-pediatric-patient-a-teaching-case
#4
Jean-Claude M Rwigema, Kelly Lamiman, Robert S Reznik, Nicole J H Lee, Arthur Olch, Kenneth K Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738751/a-single-center-retrospective-study-clinical-features-of-different-types-of-budd-chiari-syndrome-in-chinese-patients-in-the-hubei-area
#5
Gangping Li, Ying Huang, Shunyu Tang, Yuhu Song, Huimin Liang, Dehan Liu, Ling Yang, Xiaohua Hou
Background The characteristics and prevalence of Budd-Chiari syndrome in China remain unclear. This study aimed to analyze the clinical features of Budd-Chiari syndrome in Chinese patients in the Hubei area. Methods One-hundred and thirty patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome, admitted to Union Hospital from January 2002 to January 2011, were included in this retrospective study. Clinical features, laboratory data, imaging characteristics, and cumulative patency rates were analyzed. Results Of the 130 patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome, 77 were men (59...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734433/hybrid-approach-for-the-treatment-of-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-induced-by-pacemaker
#6
Ramón Maseda Uriza, Alfonso Jurado-Román, Javier Jimenez Díaz, Jesús Piqueras Flores, Felipe Higuera Sobrino, Enrique Oliva De Anquín
Pacemaker-induced superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) is a rare but incapacitating adverse event that can occur years after implantation. Inasmuch as it is a rare disease, there is no consensus about its treatment. The most widely used option is balloon angioplasty and venous stent implantation, with preservation of the lead or previous extraction and subsequent reimplantation after the procedure, which is associated with new episodes of thrombosis. The epicardial implantation reduces the risk of thrombosis...
August 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716868/solitary-fibrous-tumour-a-rare-tumour-of-the-pleural-cavity
#7
Ronit Bar-Haim, Alexe Gavrilov, Alexander Samokhvalov, Edward Altman
Solitary fibrous tumours are a rare group of tumours that originate from connective tissues such as the pleura and mediastinum. When growing within the thoracic cavity these tumours exert pressure on vital organs and large vessels. We have successfully operated on two patients with large solitary fibrous tumours and managed the pathophysiological changes manifested as superior vena cava syndrome resulting from these tumours.
July 16, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709918/unroofed-coronary-sinus-syndrome-an-easily-corrected-congenital-anomaly-but-more-diagnostic-suspicions-are-needed
#8
Changcheng Chen, Lili Xu, Yi Xu, Ping Li, Shuo Liu, Bin You
BACKGROUND: Unroofed coronary sinus syndrome (URCSS) is a spectrum of cardiac anomalies in which part (partial type) or the entire common wall (complete type) between the coronary sinus (CS) and left atrium is absent. It is commonly associated with a persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC). The PLSVC can even anomalously connect to the left atrium in complete type anomaly. URCSS has been reported to be associated with delayed diagnosis and life-threatening cerebral injury. The purpose of the present study was to review our experience with surgical correction of this often-concealed malformation and discuss methods for reducing diagnostic omission...
June 22, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690945/pacemaker-placement-in-persistent-left-superior-vena-cava
#9
Murtaza Sundhu, Mubbasher Syed, Sajjad Gul, Bilal Saqi, Robert Mosteller
Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is a rare disorder which is asymptomatic and hence is usually discovered while performing interventions through the left subclavian vein. We present a case of a 78-year-old male who was undergoing elective placement of a permanent pacemaker for tachycardia - bradycardia syndrome with post-conversion pauses of up to nine seconds. After achieving access through the left subclavian vein the wire kept on going on the left side of the chest instead of crossing the midline to the right side...
June 5, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681367/expandable-metallic-stent-for-endobronchial-metastasis-from-colorectal-cancer-reports-of-2-cases
#10
Tomoki Nakamura, Takayuki Tajima, Takashi Ogimi, Hiroshi Miyakita, Miho Nitta, Kazunori Myojin, Sakurako Tajiri, Ichiro Kobayashi, Takayuki Nishi, Sotaro Sadahiro, Hideo Shimada
In recent years, there have been many reports about the efficacy of stenting for central bronchial stenosis. When central bronchial stenosis is due to metastasis of a malignant tumor to the trachea and/or bronchi (endobronchial metastasis: EM), it is classified as "narrow EM" and "broad EM." [1] We managed two patients in whom bilateral stent placement was required for narrow and broad EM arising from colorectal cancer. Case 1: In September 2011, a 66-year-old man underwent low anterior resection for advanced colorectal cancer associated with unresectable liver metastasis...
July 20, 2017: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658779/sclerosing-mediastinitis-presenting-as-complete-heart-block
#11
Reena Bharadwaj, Manoj Gopal Madakshira, Prashant Bharadwaj, Hardeep Singh Sidhu
Sclerosing Mediastinitis (SM) is a rare condition which is characterized by the presence of dense fibrosis which infiltrates and encroaches upon various structures in the mediastinal cavity. Depending on the extent and the predominant organ of involvement, the patient presents with symptomatology of dysphagia, superior vena cava compression syndrome or dyspnoea. However, the involvement of the heart is rarely seen. Aetiologies of SM are several, with infections being the most common. We discuss a case of SM involving the oesophagus, descending aorta, hilum of lungs and the heart secondary to mucormycosis in an immunocompetent male...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655488/acute-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-after-thoracic-surgery
#12
Patricio Maskin, Federico Bonora, Matías Lescano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 24, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654925/cardiovascular-oncologic-emergencies
#13
Sundeep Shenoy, Safal Shetty, Shilpa Lankala, Faiz Anwer, Andrew Yeager, Sasikanth Adigopula
Oncologic emergencies can present either as a progression of a known cancer or as the initial presentation of a previously undiagnosed cancer. In most of these situations, a very high degree of suspicion is required to allow prompt assessment, diagnosis, and treatment. In this article, we review the presentation and management of cardiovascular oncologic emergencies from primary and metastatic tumors of the heart and complications such as pericardial tamponade, superior vena cava syndrome, and hyperviscosity syndrome...
June 28, 2017: Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648654/gianturco-z-stent-fixation-of-a-modified-iliac-limb-stent-graft-endoprosthesis-for-the-treatment-of-malignant-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#14
Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Matthew L Osher, Kyle J Cooper, Wael A Saad, David M Williams, Minhaj S Khaja
Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome, characterized by facial and arm swelling, is most frequently caused by intrathoracic malignancies. Decompression may be achieved with endovenous stent placement. Polytetrafluoroethylene-covered stents have shown to have higher long-term cumulative patency rates compared with uncovered stents for the treatment of malignant SVC syndrome. Unfortunately, polytetrafluoroethylene-covered stents are not readily available worldwide. Moreover, the existing armamentarium, including balloon-expandable iCAST stents (maximum diameter 10 mm) and heparin-coated Viabahn stent-graft endoprostheses (maximum diameter 13 mm), are too small to adequately treat malignant obstruction of the SVC...
June 23, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633266/complete-neurological-recovery-after-acute-total-occlusion-of-the-superior-vena-cava
#15
Yafen Liang, Clayton A Kaiser, Matthew R Danter
Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome, characterized by swelling of the upper torso, can result from a wide range of causes. The presence and severity of clinical symptoms depends on the degree of stenosis, the location of stenosis, the speed of development of stenosis, and existing collateral flow. Acute complete occlusion of the SVC frequently leads to poor neurologic outcomes such as coma or death. We report a case of a patient who had complete neurologic recovery after 26 minutes of acute total occlusion of the SVC...
July 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618844/endovascular-treatment-of-malignant-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-secondary-to-lung-cancer
#16
Laura Calsina Juscafresa, Ignacio Gil Bazo, Lukasz Grochowicz, María Páramo Alfaro, José María López-Picazo González, Marta Moreno Jiménez, Jose Ignacio Bilbao Jaureguizar
OBJECTIVES: Superior Vena Cava obstruction results in severe oedema of the upper thorax. Endovascular treatment allows a rapid restoration of the blood flow with a rapid resolution of symptoms. We retrospectively report a single institution's experience in stent placement for malignant Superior Vena Cava Syndrome (SVCS) caused by lung cancer. METHODS: Thirty-three consecutive patients (23 men, 10 women; median age, 57.6 years; range 34-71 years) who underwent endovascular SVCS palliative treatment were enrolled between August 2002 and June 2015...
August 2017: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611639/superior-vena-cava-syndrome-in-a-patient-with-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-case-report
#17
Christina Brzezniak, Bryan Oronsky, Corey A Carter, Bennett Thilagar, Scott Caroen, Karen Zeman
Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome, a potential oncologic emergency, is closely associated with malignancy and right-sided lung cancer in particular. A case of SVC syndrome presenting with facial swelling, neck distension, and enlarged veins of the upper chest, which developed over a period of 5 weeks in a 46-year-old patient on a clinical trial with small-cell lung cancer, is reported. Computed tomography scan of the chest revealed slight enlargement of a superior conglomerate mediastinal lymphadenopathy and intramural thrombus of the SVC...
January 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596199/mediastinal-seminoma-presenting-with-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#18
Amanda Wanous, Ian R McPhail, J Fernando Quevedo, Nicole P Sandhu
We present a rare cause of superior vena cava syndrome (SVC) in a previously healthy male aged 31 years. Malignancy was suspected due to unintentional weight loss and childhood exposure to radioactive fallout from a nuclear facility accident. A very large anterior mediastinal mass was identified and demonstrated to be an extragonadal seminoma. Extragonadal germ cell tumours are rare tumours with a high potential for cardiovascular, pulmonary and vascular sequelae. Studies have documented an increased risk of developing seminoma in patients with radioactive exposure...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595655/nuclear-protein-in-testis-carcinoma-of-the-mediastinum-a-case-report
#19
Gonçalo Boleto, Jeanne-Marie Perotin, Claire Launois, Emmanuelle Uro-Coste, Philippe Birembaut, Sandra Dury, Hervé Vallerand, François Lebargy, Gaëtan Deslée, Juliette Vella-Boucaud
BACKGROUND: Nuclear protein in testis carcinoma is a rare and very aggressive undifferentiated cancer which characteristically arises in the midline of the head, neck, and mediastinum. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the case of a 46-year-old white woman admitted for superior vena cava syndrome revealing a mediastinal tumor. Pathological examination of specimens obtained by mediastinoscopy revealed an undifferentiated tumor with solid growth and positive immunoreactivity for p40 and negative immunoreactivity for cytokeratin markers...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577551/clinical-diagnostic-exome-evaluation-for-an-infant-with-a-lethal-disorder-genetic-diagnosis-of-tarp-syndrome-and-expansion-of-the-phenotype-in-a-patient-with-a-newly-reported-rbm10-alteration
#20
Zöe Powis, Alexa Hart, Sara Cherny, Igor Petrik, Erika Palmaer, Sha Tang, Carolyn Jones
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic Exome Sequencing (DES) has been shown to be an effective tool for diagnosis individuals with suspected genetic conditions. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a male infant born with multiple anomalies including bilateral dysplastic kidneys, cleft palate, bilateral talipes, and bilateral absence of thumbs and first toes. Prenatal testing including chromosome analysis and microarray did not identify a cause for the multiple congenital anomalies. Postnatal diagnostic exome studies (DES) were utilized to find a molecular diagnosis for the patient...
June 2, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
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