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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538421/malnutrition-is-associated-with-hiv-infection-in-children-less-than-5-years-in-bobo-dioulasso-city-burkina-faso-a-case-control-study
#1
Ghislain Gnimbar Poda, Chien-Yeh Hsu, Jane C-J Chao
Pediatric human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and malnutrition are still 2 major health issues in sub-Saharan Africa including Burkina Faso where few studies have been conducted on child malnutrition and HIV infection. This study assessed the effects of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in HIV infection and also compared the prevalence of malnutrition in terms of an inadequate diet, underweight, stunting, and wasting among HIV-infected and uninfected children less than 5 years in Bobo-Dioulasso city, Burkina Faso...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538363/the-effect-of-alpha-linolenic-acid-on-glycemic-control-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-clinical-trials
#2
Elena Jovanovski, Dandan Li, Hoang Vi Thanh Ho, Vladimir Djedovic, Any de Castro Ruiz Marques, Esra Shishtar, Sonia Blanco Mejia, John L Sievenpiper, Russell J de Souza, Lea Duvnjak, Vladimir Vuksan
BACKGROUND: Polyunsaturated fats (PUFAs) have been shown to reduce type 2 diabetes (T2DM) risk and improve insulin responsiveness in T2DM subjects, but whether the plant sources of omega-3 PUFA (alpha-linolenic acid [ALA]) have an effect on glycemic control requires further investigation. METHODS: The parameters of interest were glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting blood glucose (FBG), fasting blood insulin (FBI), homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), fructosamine, and glycated albumin...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535598/antarctic-seals-molecular-biomarkers-as-indicators-for-pollutant-exposure-health-effects-and-diet
#3
K Lehnert, L Weirup, K C Harding, T Härkönen, O Karlsson, J Teilmann
Weddell (Leptonychotes weddellii), Ross (Ommatophoca rossii) and crabeater seals (Lobodon carcinophaga) are phocid seals with a circumpolar distribution around Antarctica. As long-lived and large top predators, they bioaccumulate contaminants and are considered as sentinels of ecosystem health. Antarctic seals are increasingly exposed to climate change, pollution, shipping and fisheries. To reveal and understand possible anthropogenic impacts on their immune and health status, this study investigates sensitive biomarkers of the xenobiotic metabolism and immune system in relation to mercury (Hg) burden...
May 19, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535307/intergenerational-impact-of-paternal-lifetime-exposures-to-both-folic-acid-deficiency-and-supplementation-on-reproductive-outcomes-and-imprinted-gene-methylation
#4
Lundi Ly, Donovan Chan, Mahmoud Aarabi, Mylène Landry, Nathalie A Behan, Amanda J MacFarlane, Jacquetta Trasler
STUDY QUESTION: Do paternal exposures to folic acid deficient (FD), and/or folic acid supplemented (FS) diets, throughout germ cell development adversely affect male germ cells and consequently offspring health outcomes? SUMMARY ANSWER: Male mice exposed over their lifetimes to both FD and FS diets showed decreased sperm counts and altered imprinted gene methylation with evidence of transmission of adverse effects to the offspring, including increased postnatal-preweaning mortality and variability in imprinted gene methylation...
May 23, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534422/psychosocial-risk-factors-in-relation-to-other-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-coronary-heart-disease-results-from-the-euroaspire-iv-survey-a-registry-from-the-european-society-of-cardiology
#5
Nana Pogosova, Kornelia Kotseva, Dirk De Bacquer, Roland von Känel, Delphine De Smedt, Jan Bruthans, Maryna Dolzhenko
Background Depression and anxiety are established psychosocial risk factors for coronary heart disease. Contemporary data on their prevalence and associations with other risk factors were evaluated as part of the EUROASPIRE IV survey. Design The design of this study was cross-sectional. Methods The study group consisted of 7589 patients from 24 European countries examined at a median of 1.4 years after hospitalisation due to coronary heart disease events. Depression and anxiety were assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534333/-efficacy-evaluation-of-laparoscopic-complete-mesocolic-excision-for-transverse-colon-cancer
#6
Jinpeng Cao, Yong Ji, Xiang Peng, Wenhui Wu, Longqing Cheng, Yonghui Zhou, Ping Yang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety, feasibility and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic complete mesocolic excision for the transverse colon cancer. METHODS: Clinical data of 61 patients who underwent laparoscopic complete mesocolic excision for transverse colon cancer (transverse group) in our department from January 2011 to January 2014 were retrospectively analyzed, which were compared with those of 155 patients undergoing laparoscopic complete mesocolic excision for ascending colon cancer (ascending group) and 230 patients undergoing laparoscopic complete mesocolic excision for sigmoid colon cancer (sigmoid group)...
May 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534268/impact-of-thyme-powder-thymus-vulgaris-l-supplementation-on-gene-expression-profiles-of-cytokines-and-economic-efficiency-of-broiler-diets
#7
Fardos A M Hassan, Ashraf Awad
This study was conducted in an attempt to evaluate the impact of thyme powder supplementation on broiler diets with respect to cytokine and mucin2 gene expressions. It was also our aim to evaluate the growth performance, blood biochemical and hematological profiles, and economic efficiency of the diet. A total of 120 1-day old chicks (Cobb 500) were divided into four groups on the basis of the diet. One group received a basal diet (control) while the others received a basal diet supplemented with 2, 5, or 8 g/kg of thyme powder...
May 23, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534264/adherence-to-an-elemental-diet-for-preventing-postoperative-recurrence-of-crohn-s-disease
#8
Nobuyoshi Ohara, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Hideki Iijima, Hidekazu Takahashi, Satoshi Hiyama, Naotsugu Haraguchi, Takahiro Inoue, Junichi Nishimura, Shinichiro Shinzaki, Taishi Hata, Chu Matsuda, Hirofumi Yamamoto, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori
PURPOSE: An elemental diet (ED) can suppress inflammation in patients with Crohn's disease (CD); however, adherence to this diet is difficult. We examined the correlation between ED adherence and the postoperative recurrence of CD. METHODS: The subjects of this study were 38 patients who underwent intestinal resection with anastomosis. We defined ED adherence as consuming the average daily ED dose (≥900 kcal/day) for 2 years after surgery. Patients who did not adhere to the ED were allocated to the non-ED group...
May 22, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533178/mucin-and-carbohydrate-stimulated-adhesion-and-subproteome-changes-of-the-probiotic-bacterium-lactobacillus-acidophilus-ncfm
#9
Hasan Ufuk Celebioglu, Sita Vaag Olesen, Kennie Prehn, Sampo J Lahtinen, Susanne Brix, Maher Abou Hachem, Birte Svensson
Adhesion to intestinal mucosa is a crucial property for probiotic bacteria. Adhesion is thought to increase host-bacterial interactions, thus potentially enabling health benefits to the host. Molecular events connected with adhesion and surface proteome changes were investigated for the probiotic Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM cultured with established or emerging prebiotic carbohydrates as carbon source and in the presence of mucin, the glycoprotein of the epithelial mucus layer. Variation in adhesion to HT29-cells and mucin was associated with carbon source and mucin-induced subproteome abundancy differences...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532842/effects-of-diet-and-arginine-treatment-during-the-luteal-phase-on-ovarian-no-pgc-1%C3%AE-signaling-in-ewes
#10
Yi-Xuan Guo, Hai-Tao Nie, Ling-Wei Sun, Guo-Min Zhang, Kai-Ping Deng, Yi-Xuan Fan, Feng Wang
The aim of this study was to determine whether arginine (Arg) supplementation of malnourished ewes affects the expression of key NO/PGC-1α signaling pathway genes in the ovary. On Day 6-15 of the estrous cycle, 24 multiparous Hu sheep (BW = 43.56 ± 1.53 kg) were randomly assigned to three groups: control group (CG; n = 6), restriction group (RG; n = 9) and l-arginine group (AG; n = 9), and administered Arg treatment (or vehicle) three times per day. The ewes were slaughtered at the end of treatment, and blood samples and ovaries were collected for analysis...
July 1, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532823/effects-of-rumen-protected-methionine-and-choline-supplementation-on-steroidogenic-potential-of-the-first-postpartum-dominant-follicle-and-expression-of-immune-mediators-in-holstein-cows
#11
D A V Acosta, M I Rivelli, C Skenandore, Z Zhou, D H Keisler, D Luchini, M N Corrêa, F C Cardoso
Multiparous Holstein cows were assigned in a randomized complete block design into four treatments from 21 d before calving to 30 d in milk (DIM). Treatments were: MET [n = 19, fed the basal diet + rumen-protected methionine at a rate of 0.08% (w/w) of the dry matter, Smartamine(®) M], CHO (n = 17, fed the basal diet + choline 60 g/d, Reashure(®)), MIX (n = 21, fed the basal diet + Smartamine(®) M at a rate of 0.08% (w/w) of the dry matter and 60 g/d Reashure(®)), and CON (n = 20, no supplementation, fed the close-up and fresh cow diets)...
July 1, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532340/ileocolic-junction-resection-in-dogs-and-cats-18-cases
#12
Yordan Fernandez, Mayank Seth, Daniela Murgia, Jordi Puig
There is limited veterinary literature about dogs or cats with ileocolic junction resection and its long-term follow-up. To evaluate the long-term outcome in a cohort of dogs and cats that underwent resection of the ileocolic junction without extensive (≥50%) small or large bowel resection. Medical records of dogs and cats that had the ileocolic junction resected were reviewed. Follow-up information was obtained either by telephone interview or e-mail correspondence with the referring veterinary surgeons...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531772/diet-induced-weight-loss-and-markers-of-endothelial-dysfunction-and-inflammation-in-treated-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#13
K A Berk, T P Oudshoorn, A J M Verhoeven, M T Mulder, A J M Roks, W A Dik, R Timman, E J G Sijbrands
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Overweight and obesity increase cardiovascular mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). In a recent trial, however, diet-induced weight loss did not reduce the cardiovascular risk of patients with T2D, possibly due to the parallel intensive medical treatment. We investigated the effect of diet-induced weight loss on cardiovascular risk factors in overweight and obese patients with T2D, and whether this effect was influenced by the use of statins, ACE inhibitors, metformin and duration of T2D...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531393/the-rs10401670-variant-in-resistin-gene-improved-insulin-resistance-response-and-metabolic-parameters-secondaries-to-weight-loss-after-a-hypocaloric-diet
#14
Daniel Antonio de Luis, Rocío Aller, Olatz Izaola, David Primo, R Bachiller
BACKGROUND: The SNP 3'UTR C/T (rs10401670), it is a polymorphism that has been associated with diabetes mellitus and it has been scarcely studied before. As far as we know, no studies on interaction among diet intervention, rs10401670 variant of RETN and metabolic response has been realized. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to analyze the effects of the rs10401670 RETN gene polymorphism on insulin resistance response and metabolic changes secondary to weight loss after 3 months of a hypocaloric diet in adults obese patients without diabetes mellitus...
August 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529733/metabolic-effects-of-crocus-sativus-and-protective-action-against-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-diabetic-rats
#15
Panagiotis Konstantopoulos, Ilias P Doulamis, Aspasia Tzani, Maria-Laskarina Korou, Emmanouil Agapitos, Ioannis S Vlachos, Vasilios Pergialiotis, Christos Verikokos, George Mastorakos, Nicholas L Katsilambros, Despina N Perrea
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the result of the accumulation of adipose tissue deposits in the liver and it is associated with type 2 diabetes. Crocus sativus (saffron) is known for its antioxidant and its potential hypoglycemic effects. We investigated the role of saffron on NAFLD in diabetic rats. Thirty adult male rats were allocated into three groups; control (n=10), which received normal diet; streptozotocin (STZ) group (n=10), which received normal chow diet, 10% fructose in their drinking water and STZ (40 mg/kg body weight; STZ-saffron group (n=10), which followed the same dietary and pharmacological pattern as STZ group and were additionally supplemented with saffron (100 mg/kg/day)...
May 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529327/metabolite-profiling-of-obese-individuals-before-and-after-a-one-year-weight-loss-program
#16
N Geidenstam, M Al-Majdoub, M Ekman, P Spégel, M Ridderstråle
OBJECTIVE: We and others have previously characterized changes in circulating metabolite levels following diet-induced weight loss. Our aim was to investigate if baseline metabolite levels and weight loss-induced changes in these are predictive of or associated with changes in body mass index (BMI) and metabolic risk traits. METHODS: Serum metabolites were analyzed with gas and liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry in 91 obese individuals at baseline and after participating in a one year non-surgical weight loss program...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528130/increased-body-mass-index-is-a-risk-factor-for-end-stage-renal-disease-in-the-chinese-singapore-population
#17
Quan-Lan Jasmine Lew, Tazeen Hasan Jafar, Mohammad Talaei, Aizhen Jin, Khuan Yew Chow, Jian-Min Yuan, Woon-Puay Koh
The relationship between body mass index (BMI) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is confounded by co-morbidities associated with both conditions. Furthermore, the association at low range BMI is controversial. We studied this association in the Singapore Chinese Health Study, a population-based prospective cohort that recruited Singaporean Chinese men and women 45-74 years of age from 1993 to 1998. Self-reported weight, height, lifestyle factors, usual diet, and medical history were collected via an interviewer-administered questionnaire...
May 18, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527805/effects-of-replacement-of-late-harvested-grass-silage-and-barley-with-early-harvested-silage-on-milk-production-and-methane-emissions
#18
E H Cabezas-Garcia, S J Krizsan, K J Shingfield, P Huhtanen
This study evaluated the effects of gradual replacement of a mixture of late-cut grass silage (LS) and barley with early-cut grass silage (ES) on milk production, CH4 emissions, and N utilization in Swedish Red cows. Two grass silages were prepared from the same primary growth of timothy grass sward but harvested 2 wk apart [11.0 and 9.7 MJ of metabolizable energy/kg of dry matter (DM)]. Four diets, fed as a total mixed ration, were formulated to meet the metabolizable energy and protein requirements of 35 kg of energy-corrected milk (ECM) by gradually replacing a mixture of LS and barley with ES (0, 33, 67, and 100% of the forage component of the diet), whereas the proportion of barley decreased from 47...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527370/atherosclerotic-dyslipidemia-revealed-by-plasma-lipidomics-on-apoe-mice-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#19
Yanyan Chen, Shiyuan Wen, Miaomiao Jiang, Yan Zhu, Liqin Ding, Hong Shi, Pengzhi Dong, Jing Yang, Yue Yang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The pathological process of atherosclerosis is closely related to lipid accumulation at arterial wall caused by lipoproteins transporting lipids through blood. In this study, we investigate the lipid composition in the plasma of apolipoprotein E deficient (ApoE(-/-)) mice fed a high-fat diet to reveal atherosclerosis-induced dyslipidemia. METHODS: ApoE(-/-) and corresponding wild-type C57BL/6J mice were used as the pathology model and control, respectively, and were fed a high-fat or normal diet...
May 11, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527301/exploration-of-dietary-patterns-and-alcohol-consumption-in-pregnant-women-in-the-uk-a-mixed-methods-study
#20
Victoria Coathup, Lesley Smith, Mary Boulton
BACKGROUND: fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders is a term used to describe a range of physical, cognitive and behavioural deficits in the offspring of women who drank alcohol during pregnancy. A growing body of evidence suggests alcohol consumption in the presence of poor maternal nutrition may increase the risk of harm to the developing fetus. OBJECTIVE: to investigate relationships between maternal dietary patterns and alcohol consumption, and explore which factors influence women's decisions about what to eat and drink during pregnancy...
April 27, 2017: Midwifery
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