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Vein thrombosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240852/the-epidemiology-and-clinical-associations-of-portal-vein-thrombosis-in-hospitalized-patients-with-cirrhosis-a-nationwide-analysis-from-the-national-inpatient-sample
#1
Shawn L Shah, Joseph C Anderson, Joseph J Shatzel, Arifa Toor, Rolland C Dickson
BACKGROUND: HASH(0x5542b58) OBJECTIVE: HASH(0x5547608) DESIGN, SETTING, PATIENTS: HASH(0x55d2a20) INTERVENTION: HASH(0x55d02b0) MEASUREMENTS: HASH(0x55d7a58) CONCLUSIONS: HASH(0x55b83f8)
December 6, 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240068/-treatment-of-a-woman-with-phlegmasia-cerulea-dolens-complicated-by-massive-pulmonary-thromboembolism-and-intestinal-haemorrhage
#2
E Iu Belousov, V V Soroka, K N Fomin
Acute thrombosis of the lower limb deep veins remains one of the most common vascular diseases. It is characterised by formation of thrombotic masses in the system of the deep veins of the lower extremities. A serious complication associated with deep vein thrombosis is pulmonary embolism. In rare cases, under certain conditions a massive and disseminated blockade of the venous outflow with thrombotic masses may lead to ischaemia of the extremity with the formation of superficial and deep necroses and later on to gangrene...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240058/-venous-thromboembolic-complications-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-implantable-electronic-devices
#3
R E Kalinin, I A Suchkov, I I Shitov, N D Mzhavanadze, V O Povarov
The problem of venous thromboembolic complications (VTECs) in patients with cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) is extremely important today because of an annually increasing number of surgical interventions for life-threatening arrhythmias and chronic heart failure. There are hitherto no clearly defined reliable risk factors for VTECs due to heterogeneity of the available literature data. Some sources point to elevated thrombus formation in patients with a large number of electrodes, in repeat operative interventions, in the presence of a temporary pacemaker, in implantation on the left side, silicon cover of an electrode, others refute these facts...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240057/-experience-with-using-cyanoacrylate-glue-in-endovascular-treatment-of-varicose-veins
#4
E V Shaĭdakov, A Zh Mel'tsova, O Ia Porembskaia, E A Kudinova, D É Korzhevskiĭ, O V Kirik, E G Sukhorukova
The method of cyanoacrylate-mediated obliteration of subcutaneous veins is known to be an alternative to thermal endovascular obliteration and eliminates the need for tumescent anaesthesia. This technique is based on glue-induced damage to the venous intima, followed by immune response according to the delayed-type hypersensitivity principle. The authors report herein their first experience with using cyanoacrylate-mediated embolization in treatment of patients presenting with varicose veins. The operation was carried out using the VenaSeal closure system (Medtronic)...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240053/-method-of-preventive-ultrasound-diagnosis-of-venous-thrombosis
#5
I M Ignat'ev, A R Zubarev, E G Gradusov, E Iu Iupatov, N V Krivosheeva
AIM: The purpose of the study was to work out a method of preventive diagnosis of venous thromboses by means of ultrasonographic duplex scanning (USDS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 306 people were examined. Of these, 146 patients presented with acute venous thrombosis, 108 subjects suffered from varicose veins, and 52 were apparently healthy people composing the control group. All those enrolled into the study were examined by means of USDS, with the D-dimer level determined...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239263/percutaneous-mechanical-thrombectomy-combined-with-catheter-directed-thrombolysis-in-the-treatment-of-acute-pulmonary-embolism-and-lower-extremity-deep-venous-thrombosis-a-novel-one-stop-endovascular-strategy
#6
Bing Liu, MingYuan Liu, LiHong Yan, JunWei Yan, Jiang Wu, XueFei Jiao, MingJin Guo
Objective This study was performed to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy (PMT) combined with catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) in patients with acute pulmonary embolism (APE) and lower extremity deep venous thrombosis (LEDVT). Methods In total, 20 consecutive patients with APE and LEDVT were prospectively selected for PMT combined with CDT. Mechanical thrombus fragmentation and aspiration using a pigtail rotation catheter followed by CDT was performed in each patient...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238436/idiopathic-isolated-colonic-varices-an-extremely-rare-condition
#7
Tagore Sunkara, Megan E Caughey, Andrea Culliford, Vinaya Gaduputi
Colonic varices are an incredibly rare phenomenon to begin with; however, they are even more unusual when isolated and occurring in the absence of common comorbidities, like portal hypertension or portal vein thrombosis. We present a case of a 71-year-old female, who was asymptomatic and referred to gastroenterology for a routine colorectal cancer screening. The patient was ultimately found to have this anomalous condition when colonic varices were first identified on colonoscopy. Since these varices did not result from any obvious etiology, they were determined to be idiopathic colonic varices, an especially unusual presentation...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236888/convexity-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-clinical-features-and-etiology-of-an-argentinian-cohort
#8
Aníbal Chertcoff, Lucrecia Bandeo, Fátima Pantiu, Luciana León Cejas, Sol Pacha, Claudia Uribe Roca, Manuel Fernández Pardal, Ricardo Reisin, Pablo Bonardo
Nontraumatic convexity subarachnoid hemorrhage is an increasingly recognized subtype of subarachnoid bleeding. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to describe the etiology and clinical features of a cohort of patients with convexity subarachnoid hemorrhage. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed all cases of convexity subarachnoid hemorrhage admitted to our hospital between January 2012 and April 2017. Demographic features, clinical characteristics, complementary investigations, etiology and mortality were assessed...
December 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234961/risk-and-incidence-of-perioperative-deep-vein-thrombosis-in-patients-undergoing-gastric-cancer-surgery
#9
Tomohiro Osaki, Hiroaki Saito, Yoji Fukumoto, Yusuke Kono, Yuki Murakami, Yuji Shishido, Hirohiko Kuroda, Tomoyuki Matsunaga, Kengo Sato, Yasuaki Hirooka, Yoshiyuki Fujiwara
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a potentially fatal perioperative complication. Understanding the risk factors for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and initiating appropriate prophylaxis is pivotal for reducing the risk of VTE. The purpose of this study was to clarify the perioperative risk factors for DVT in patients undergoing surgery for gastric cancer. METHODS: We reviewed the findings of lower limb ultrasonography performed in 160 patients who underwent gastrectomy for gastric cancer...
December 12, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234631/sorafenib-versus-hepatic-arterial-infusion-chemotherapy-as-initial-treatment-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-advanced-portal-vein-tumor-thrombosis
#10
Michihisa Moriguchi, Takeshi Aramaki, Hideyuki Nishiofuku, Rui Sato, Koiku Asakura, Kanji Yamaguchi, Toshihiro Tanaka, Masahiro Endo, Yoshito Itoh
Objective: To investigate the validity of hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy with low-dose 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin (LFP) versus sorafenib as first-line treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with portal vein tumor thrombosis (Vp3, Vp4). Patients and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the cases of Child-Pugh A advanced HCC with Vp3 or Vp4 treated with LFP or sorafenib between October 2002 and December 2013. Results: There were 32 patients in the LFP group and 14 patients in the sorafenib group...
November 2017: Liver Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234547/testicular-cancer-presenting-as-gastric-variceal-hemorrhage
#11
Carlos Eduardo Salazar-Mejía, David Hernández-Barajas, Edio Llerena-Hernández, José Luis González-Vela, María Inés Contreras-Salcido, Adriana González-Gutiérrez, Omar David Borjas-Almaguer, Luis Alberto Pérez-Arredondo, Blanca Otilia Wimer-Castillo
Testicular cancer is the most common solid malignancy affecting males between the ages of 15 and 35. The symptomatology caused by this tumor varies according to the site of metastasis. We present the case of a 26-year-old male who arrived to the emergency department with hematemesis. He had no previous medical history. On arrival, we noted enlargement of the left scrotal sac. There was also a mass in the left scrotum which provoked displacement of the penis and right testis. The serum alpha-fetoprotein level was 17,090 ng/mL, lactate dehydrogenase was 1480 U/L, and human chorionic gonadotropin was 287...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234061/evaluation-of-promoting-effect-of-a-novel-cu-bearing-metal-stent-on-endothelialization-process-from-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-studies
#12
Shujing Jin, Xun Qi, Bin Zhang, Ziqing Sun, Bingchun Zhang, Hui Yang, Tongmin Wang, Bo Zheng, Xingang Wang, Qiuping Shi, Ming Chen, Ling Ren, Ke Yang, Hongshan Zhong
Drug eluting stents (DES) have been extensively applied nowadays and reduce the incidence of in-stent restenosis (ISR) greatly as compared with bare metal stents (BMS). However, the development of DES is hindered by the risk of late stent thrombosis (LST) due to delayed re-endothelialization, while endothelialization is an important process related to ISR and LST after implantation. 316L is a traditional stent material without bioactivity and have a high risk of ISR. Cu is recognized for angiogenesis stimulation in these years...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233562/comparison-of-radiation-therapy-modalities-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-portal-vein-thrombosis-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#13
Chai Hong Rim, Chul Yong Kim, Dae Sik Yang, Won Sup Yoon
PURPOSE: We performed a meta-analysis and systematic review to compare the radiotherapy (RT) modalities for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with portal vein thrombosis (PVT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched the PubMed, EMBASE, Medline, and Cochrane library databases. The primary endpoint was the 1-year overall survival (OS), and response rate (RR), local control (LC), 2-year OS, and grade ≥3 toxicity incidence were evaluated as secondary endpoints. RESULTS: Thirty-seven studies comprising 2513 patients were included...
December 9, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232246/the-role-of-fdg-pet-in-diabetic-myonecrosis-a-rare-and-underrecognized-complication-of-diabetes
#14
Guillaume Chaussé, Gad Abikhzer
A 66-year-old man with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes was admitted for acute bilateral calf pain in the context of coronary artery disease, chronic renal failure, and peripheral neuropathy. Lower-extremity Doppler ultrasound excluded deep vein thrombosis. FDG-PET was performed to exclude a suspected infection because of elevated white blood cells and inflammatory markers but normal creatinine kinase levels. PET scan demonstrated intense bilateral calf muscle and left thigh muscle uptake, which in combination with the patient's history was consistent with diabetic myonecrosis, a rare end-stage complication of diabetes...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231253/internal-venous-anomalies-in-patients-with-a-genital-venous-malformation
#15
Caitlin M Peterman, Patricia S Todd, Anna P Lillis, Steven J Fishman, Marilyn G Liang
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous venous malformation (VM) can be associated with internal vascular anomalies. Our objective was to investigate the frequency of internal vascular anomalies in patients with an isolated genital venous malformation to assess the utility of screening for internal findings. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our Vascular Anomalies Center database for patients with a focal genital venous malformation presenting between 1999 and 2016. Abdominal and pelvic imaging reports were reviewed for internal vascular anomalies...
December 12, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229465/diverse-management-of-isolated-calf-deep-venous-thrombosis-in-a-university-hospital
#16
Raudel Garcia, Kristan Probeck, Doreen M Elitharp, Antonios P Gasparis, Nicos Labropoulos
BACKGROUND: The management of patients with isolated deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is controversial, leading to overtreatment and undertreatment with several complications and increased cost. The aim of this study was to describe the management of isolated calf DVT (ICDVT) in a university hospital. METHODS: Data on patients with acute DVT in our hospital are prospectively entered in a database through our venous thromboembolism team. All patients had an objective diagnosis with duplex ultrasound (DU) in our accredited vascular laboratory...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229350/predictors-of-readmissions-and-reoperations-related-to-venous-thromboembolic-events-after-spine-surgery-a-single-institution-experience-with-6-869-patients
#17
Michael Cloney, Ekamjeet S Dhillon, Helena Roberts, Zachary A Smith, Tyler R Koski, Nader S Dahdaleh
BACKGROUND: Readmission and reoperation are used as hospital and surgeon quality metrics. Venous thromboembolic events (VTE), including deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), are a major cause of readmission, morbidity, mortality, after spine surgery. Specific procedural, perioperative, and patient characteristics may be associated with these outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively examined records from 6869 consecutive spine surgeries at our institution...
December 8, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227440/what-is-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-chemical-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-following-vestibular-schwannoma-surgery
#18
Geoffrey C Casazza, Christian A Bowers, Joel D MacDonald, William T Couldwell, Clough Shelton, Richard K Gurgel
OBJECTIVE: The benefit of routine chemical prophylaxis use for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prevention in skull base surgery is controversial. Chemical prophylaxis can prevent undue morbidity and mortality, however there are risks for hemorrhagic complications. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case-control. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients who underwent surgery for vestibular schwannoma from 2011 to 2016 was performed. Patients were divided by receipt of chemical VTE prophylaxis...
December 7, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226949/thrombolysis-for-acute-upper-extremity-deep-vein-thrombosis
#19
REVIEW
Joshua Feinberg, Emil Eik Nielsen, Janus C Jakobsen
BACKGROUND: About 5% to 10% of all deep vein thromboses occur in the upper extremities. Serious complications of upper extremity deep vein thrombosis, such as post-thrombotic syndrome and pulmonary embolism, may in theory be avoided using thrombolysis. No systematic review has assessed the effects of thrombolysis for the treatment of individuals with acute upper extremity deep vein thrombosis. OBJECTIVES: To assess the beneficial and harmful effects of thrombolysis for the treatment of individuals with acute upper extremity deep vein thrombosis...
December 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226883/deep-vein-thrombosis-prophylaxis-are-we-overdoing-an-asian-survey-on-trends-in-bariatric-surgery-with-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#20
Siddhartha Bhattacharya, S Saravana Kumar, Parimala Devi Kumara Swamy, C Palanivelu, P Praveen Raj
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and venous thromboembolism (VTE). VTE is the most common cause of mortality in patients undergoing bariatric surgery. There is considerable variation in practice regarding methods, dosages and duration of prophylaxis in this patient population. Most of the literature is based on Western patients and specific guidelines for Asians do not exist. METHODS: We conducted a web-based survey amongst 11 surgeons from high-volume centres in Asia regarding their DVT prophylaxis measures in patients undergoing bariatric surgery...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
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