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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820314/flow-pattern-dependent-endothelial-cell-responses-through-transcriptional-regulation
#1
Hiroyuki Nakajima, Naoki Mochizuki
Blood flow provides endothelial cells (ECs) lining the inside of blood vessels with mechanical stimuli as well as humoral stimuli. Fluid shear stress, the frictional force between flowing blood and ECs, is recognized as an essential mechanical cue for vascular growth, remodeling, and homeostasis. ECs differentially respond to distinct flow patterns. High laminar shear flow leads to inhibition of cell cycle progression and stabilizes vessels, whereas low shear flow or disturbed flow leads to increased turnover of ECs and inflammatory responses of ECs prone to atherogenic...
August 18, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751752/tannic-acid-as-a-plant-derived-polyphenol-exerts-vasoprotection-via-enhancing-klf2-expression-in-endothelial-cells
#2
Yanni Xu, Peng Liu, Suowen Xu, Marina Koroleva, Shuya Zhang, Shuyi Si, Zheng Gen Jin
The transcription factor Kruppel-like factor 2 (KLF2) is a critical anti-inflammatory and anti-atherogenic molecule in vascular endothelium. Enhancing KLF2 expression and activity improves endothelial function and prevents atherosclerosis. However, the pharmacological and molecular regulators for KLF2 are scarce. Using high-throughput luciferase reporter assay to screen for KLF2 activators, we have identified tannic acid (TA), a polyphenolic compound, as a potent KLF2 activator that attenuates endothelial inflammation...
July 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751561/exome-sequencing-identifies-recurrent-bcor-gene-alterations-and-the-absence-of-klf2-tnfaip3-and-myd88-mutations-in-splenic-diffuse-red-pulp-small-b-cell-lymphoma
#3
Laurent Jallades, Lucile Baseggio, Pierre Sujobert, Sarah Huet, Kaddour Chabane, Evelyne Callet-Bauchu, Aurélie Verney, Sandrine Hayette, Jean-Pierre Desvignes, David Salgado, Nicolas Levy, Christophe Béroud, Pascale Felman, Françoise Berger, Jean-Pierre Magaud, Laurent Genestier, Gilles Salles, Alexandra Traverse-Glehen
Splenic diffuse red pulp lymphoma is an indolent small B-cell lymphoma recognised as a provisional entity in the WHO 2008 classification. Its precise relationship with other related splenic B-cell lymphomas with frequent leukaemic involvement or other lymphoproliferative disorders remains undetermined. We performed whole-exome sequencing to explore the genetic landscape of 10 splenic diffuse red pulp lymphoma cases from paired tumour and normal samples. A selection of 109 somatic mutations was then evaluated in a cohort including 42 splenic diffuse red pulp lymphoma samples and compared to those identified in 46 splenic marginal zone lymphoma and 8 hairy-cell leukaemia samples...
July 27, 2017: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733665/human-intrahepatic-cd69%C3%A2-%C3%A2-cd8-t-cells-have-a-tissue-resident-memory-t-cell-phenotype-with-reduced-cytolytic-capacity
#4
Femke Stelma, Annikki de Niet, Marjan J Sinnige, Karel A van Dort, Klaas P J M van Gisbergen, Joanne Verheij, Ester M M van Leeuwen, Neeltje A Kootstra, Hendrik W Reesink
Tissue resident memory T cells (TRM) have been identified in various tissues, however human liver TRM to date remain unidentified. TRM can be recognized by CD69 and/or CD103 expression and may play a role in the pathology of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and hepatitis C virus infection (CHC). Liver and paired blood mononuclear cells from 17 patients (including 4 CHB and 6 CHC patients) were isolated and CD8+ T cells were comprehensively analysed by flowcytometry, immunohistochemistry and qPCR. The majority of intrahepatic CD8+ T cells expressed CD69, a marker used to identify TRM, of which a subset co-expressed CD103...
July 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681739/molecular-mechanisms-of-the-intracranial-aneurysms-and-their-association-with-the-long-noncoding-ribonucleic-acid-anril-a-review-of-literature
#5
REVIEW
Jiang Che
Long noncoding ribonucleic acids (RNAs) are important regulators of gene expression. Antisense noncoding RNA in the INK4 locus (ANRIL), which was coded on the Chr9p21.3 loci, participates in the pathogenesis of tumor, coronary artery disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and other diseases. A genome-wide association study indicated ANRIL to be a candidate gene that may lead to the development of an intracranial aneurysm (IA) formation. However, the detailed molecular mechanisms are unknown and have not been studied...
July 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680571/simvastatin-induced-sphingosine-1-phosphate-receptor-1-expression-is-klf2-dependent-in-human-lung-endothelial-cells
#6
Xiaoguang Sun, Biji Mathew, Saad Sammani, Jeffrey R Jacobson, Joe G N Garcia
We have demonstrated that simvastatin and sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) both attenuate increased vascular permeability in preclinical models of acute respiratory distress syndrome. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. As Krüppel-like factor 2 (KLF2) serves as a critical regulator for cellular stress response in endothelial cells (EC), we hypothesized that simvastatin enhances endothelial barrier function via increasing expression of the barrier-promoting S1P receptor, S1PR1, via a KLF2-dependent mechanism...
March 2017: Pulmonary Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670390/klf16-promotes-proliferation-in-gastric-cancer-cells-via-regulating-p21-and-cdk4
#7
Pei Ma, Chong-Qi Sun, Yan-Fen Wang, Yu-Tian Pan, Qin-Nan Chen, Wei-Tao Liu, Jie Liu, Chen-Hui Zhao, Yong-Qian Shu, Wei Li
Krüppel-like factors (KLFs), such as KLF4, KLF2, KLF5 and KLF15, have been extensively investigated in multi-cancers. However, KLF16, a member of KLFs, hasn't been well identified in cancer, especially in gastric cancer (GC). Here, we investigated the roles of KLF16 in GC. In present study, we found that KLF16 expression levels were significantly up-regulated in GC tissues compared to adjacent normal tissues both in protein and mRNA levels by using immunohistochemistry assays (IHC) and real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR)...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628187/klf2-inhibits-cell-growth-via-regulating-hif-1%C3%AE-notch-1-signal-pathway-in-human-colorectal-cancer-hct116-cells
#8
Hai-Gang Wang, Bin Cao, Li-Xian Zhang, Nan Song, Hui Li, Wen-Zeng Zhao, Yan-Shu Li, Shun-Mao Ma, Dong-Jian Yin
The transcription factor Krüppel-like factor 2 (KLF2) has been shown to function as a tumor suppressor and regulate biological processes of cancer cells, such as cell growth, cell apoptosis and angiogenesis. However, the function and mechanism of KLF2 in colorectal cancer (CRC) is still unknown. In the present study, we show that the expression of KLF2 is diminished in a cohort of CRC cell lines. Also, KLF2 overexpression remarkably inhibits HCT116 and SW480 cell survival and proliferation. Moreover, cell death detection ELISA plus assay showed that KLF2 overexpression increased HCT116 cell proliferation...
July 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578476/lipopolysaccharide-downregulates-kruppel-like-factor-2-klf2-via-inducing-dnmt1-mediated-hypermethylation-in-endothelial-cells
#9
Zhonghai Yan, Yan Deng, Fei Jiao, Junqi Guo, Hailong Ou
KLF2 plays a protective role in antiinflammation and endothelial function, and can be regulated by promoter methylation alteration. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a mediator of inflammatory responses, which causes epigenetic change of certain genes in host cells. We thus aimed to determine whether LPS could control the KLF2 expression by inducing methylation in promoter region. DNA methylation of 16 CpG sites within KLF2 promoter region was detected by bisulfite sequencing PCR. Results showed that methylation at 12 CpG sites were significantly increased in HUVECs after exposure to LPS among the total 16 sites, and the average level was increased by 57%...
June 3, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549673/ozone-therapy-protects-against-rejection-in-a-lung-transplantation-model-a-new-treatment
#10
Norberto Santana-Rodríguez, Pedro Llontop, Bernardino Clavo, María D Fiuza-Pérez, Keila Zerecero, Adil Ayub, Khalid Alshehri, Nagib A Yordi, Lamberto Re, Wissam Raad, Leandro Fernández-Pérez, Ricardo García-Herrera, Chyun-Yin J Huang, Faiz Y Bhora
BACKGROUND: No satisfactory treatment exists for chronic rejection (CR) after lung transplantation (LT). Our objective was to assess whether ozone (O3) treatment could ameliorate CR. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley inbred rats (n = 36) were randomly assigned into four groups: (1) control (n = 6), (2) sham (n = 6), (3) LT (n = 12), and (4) O3-LT (n = 12). Animals underwent left LT. O3 was rectally administered daily for 2 weeks before LT (from 20 to 50 μg) and 3 times/wk (50 μg/dose) up to 3 months...
August 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522570/clinical-and-diagnostic-relevance-of-notch2-and-klf2-mutations-in-splenic-marginal-zone-lymphoma
#11
LETTER
Yolanda Campos-Martín, Nerea Martínez, Azahara Martínez-López, Laura Cereceda, Felipe Casado, Patrocinio Algara, David Oscier, Francisco J Menarguez, Juan F García, Miguel A Piris, Manuela Mollejo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489816/endothelial-tlr4-and-the-microbiome-drive-cerebral-cavernous-malformations
#12
Alan T Tang, Jaesung P Choi, Jonathan J Kotzin, Yiqing Yang, Courtney C Hong, Nicholas Hobson, Romuald Girard, Hussein A Zeineddine, Rhonda Lightle, Thomas Moore, Ying Cao, Robert Shenkar, Mei Chen, Patricia Mericko, Jisheng Yang, Li Li, Ceylan Tanes, Dmytro Kobuley, Urmo Võsa, Kevin J Whitehead, Dean Y Li, Lude Franke, Blaine Hart, Markus Schwaninger, Jorge Henao-Mejia, Leslie Morrison, Helen Kim, Issam A Awad, Xiangjian Zheng, Mark L Kahn
Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are a cause of stroke and seizure for which no effective medical therapies yet exist. CCMs arise from the loss of an adaptor complex that negatively regulates MEKK3-KLF2/4 signalling in brain endothelial cells, but upstream activators of this disease pathway have yet to be identified. Here we identify endothelial Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and the gut microbiome as critical stimulants of CCM formation. Activation of TLR4 by Gram-negative bacteria or lipopolysaccharide accelerates CCM formation, and genetic or pharmacologic blockade of TLR4 signalling prevents CCM formation in mice...
May 18, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475008/a-novel-serum-microrna-based-identification-and-classification-biomarker-of-human-glioma
#13
Wenli Xing, Chun Zeng
Malignant glioma is one of the most common primary brain tumors that develop via multiple pathways and gene deregulation. MicroRNAs are involved in human cancer development and progression, and their serum expression profiles of glioma patients may be useful for classifying cancers. However, the profile and molecular mechanism of serum microRNAs for human glioma are poorly understood. Thus, it is crucial to analyze microRNA expression in human glioma serum to identify molecular subclasses and early stage of glioma...
May 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469808/methylation-of-kruppel-like-factor-2-klf2-associates-with-its-expression-and-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-progression
#14
Wenbin Jiang, Xueqing Xu, Shaoli Deng, Jie Luo, Huan Xu, Chao Wang, Tingting Sun, Guoqin Lei, Fengling Zhang, Cheng Yang, Lin Zhou, Feng Wang, Ming Chen
Kruppel-like factor 2 (KLF2) is a putative tumor suppressor gene. This study investigated its role and epigenetic mechanisms in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in ex vivo and in vitro. A total of 47 paired NSCLC and normal tissues and six cell lines were analyzed using qRT-PCR for KLF2 expression. KLF2 methylation was assessed using the methylation specific PCR (MSP) or bisulfite sequencing PCR (BSP). Functional KLF2 region 4 (+567 to +906) was confirmed using the dual-luciferase reporter assay, while CCK-8 cell viability and flow cytometric assays were used to assess changes in cell viability, cell cycle distribution, and apoptosis after knockdown or re-expression of KLF2...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441948/over-expressed-long-noncoding-rna-hoxa11-as-promotes-cell-cycle-progression-and-metastasis-in-gastric-cancer
#15
Zhili Liu, Zhenyao Chen, Ruihua Fan, Bin Jiang, Xin Chen, Qinnan Chen, Fengqi Nie, Kaihua Lu, Ming Sun
BACKGROUND: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as critical regulators in a variety of human cancers, including gastric cancer (GC). However, the function and mechanisms responsible for these molecules in GC are not fully understood. In our previous study, we found that GC associated lncRNA HOXA11-AS is significantly upregulated in GC tissues. Over-expressed HOXA11-AS promotes GC cells proliferation and invasion through scaffolding the chromatin modification factors PRC2, LSD1 and DNMT1...
April 26, 2017: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394372/maintenance-of-the-marginal-zone-b-cell-compartment-specifically-requires-the-rna-binding-protein-zfp36l1
#16
Rebecca Newman, Helena Ahlfors, Alexander Saveliev, Alison Galloway, Daniel J Hodson, Robert Williams, Gurdyal S Besra, Charlotte N Cook, Adam F Cunningham, Sarah E Bell, Martin Turner
RNA-binding proteins of the ZFP36 family are best known for inhibiting the expression of cytokines through binding to AU-rich elements in the 3' untranslated region and promoting mRNA decay. Here we identified an indispensable role for ZFP36L1 as the regulator of a post-transcriptional hub that determined the identity of marginal-zone B cells by promoting their proper localization and survival. ZFP36L1 controlled a gene-expression program related to signaling, cell adhesion and locomotion; it achieved this in part by limiting expression of the transcription factors KLF2 and IRF8, which are known to enforce the follicular B cell phenotype...
June 2017: Nature Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381185/the-histone-demethylase-lysine-specific-demethylase-1-mediated-epigenetic-silence-of-klf2-contributes-to-gastric-cancer-cell-proliferation-migration-and-invasion
#17
Ruizhong Fang, Jian Xu, Hai Lin, Xiaoguang Xu, Feng Tian
Gastric cancer is one of the most common malignancies and leading causes of cancer-related death worldwide. An increasing number of evidence has revealed that gastric tumorigenesis is a multistage pathological state, and epigenetic alterations are considered to play critical roles in the etiology of gastric cancer. Lysine-specific demethylase-1, a histone demethylase, has been linked to malignancy in several human cancers and considered to epigenetically regulate many tumor suppressor genes during tumorigenesis and cancer progression...
April 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373704/noise-processing-by-signaling-networks
#18
Styliani Kontogeorgaki, Rubén J Sánchez-García, Rob M Ewing, Konstantinos C Zygalakis, Ben D MacArthur
Signaling networks mediate environmental information to the cell nucleus. To perform this task effectively they must be able to integrate multiple stimuli and distinguish persistent signals from transient environmental fluctuations. However, the ways in which signaling networks process environmental noise are not well understood. Here we outline a mathematical framework that relates a network's structure to its capacity to process noise, and use this framework to dissect the noise-processing ability of signaling networks...
April 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351756/oxygenated-hypothermic-machine-perfusion-after-static-cold-storage-improves-endothelial-function-of-extended-criteria-donor-livers
#19
Laura C Burlage, Negin Karimian, Andrie C Westerkamp, Nienke Visser, Alix P M Matton, Rianne van Rijn, Jelle Adelmeijer, Janneke Wiersema-Buist, Annette S H Gouw, Ton Lisman, Robert J Porte
BACKGROUND: Lack of oxygen and biomechanical stimulation during static cold storage (SCS) of donor livers compromises endothelial cell function. We investigated the effect of end-ischemic oxygenated hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) on endothelial cell function of extended criteria donor (ECD) livers. METHODS: Eighteen livers, declined for transplantation, were transported to our center using static cold storage (SCS). After SCS, 6 livers underwent two hours of HMP, and subsequent normothermic machine perfusion (NMP) to assess viability...
June 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348240/endothelial-transcription-factor-klf2-negatively-regulates-liver-regeneration-via-induction-of-activin-a
#20
Yosif Manavski, Tobias Abel, Junhao Hu, Dina Kleinlützum, Christian J Buchholz, Christina Belz, Hellmut G Augustin, Reinier A Boon, Stefanie Dimmeler
Endothelial cells (ECs) not only are important for oxygen delivery but also act as a paracrine source for signals that determine the balance between tissue regeneration and fibrosis. Here we show that genetic inactivation of flow-induced transcription factor Krüppel-like factor 2 (KLF2) in ECs results in reduced liver damage and augmentation of hepatocyte proliferation after chronic liver injury by treatment with carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). Serum levels of GLDH3 and ALT were significantly reduced in CCl4-treated EC-specific KLF2-deficient mice...
April 11, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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