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Stress and anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156451/impact-of-stressful-life-events-on-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#1
Tsung Yu, Anja Frei, Gerben Ter Riet, Milo A Puhan
BACKGROUND: There is a general notion that stressful life events may cause mental and physical health problems. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to describe stressful life events reported by patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to assess their impact on health outcomes and behaviors. METHODS: Two hundred and sixty-six primary care patients who participated in the ICE COLD ERIC cohort study were asked to document any stressful life events in the past 3 years...
November 1, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156296/associations-between-severity-of-anxiety-and-clinical-and-biological-features-of-major-affective-disorders
#2
Fernanda Liboni Cavicchioli, Michael Maes, Chutima Roomruangwong, Kamila Landucci Bonifacio, Decio Sabbatini Barbosa, George Anderson, Heber Odebrecht Vargas, Sandra Odebrecht Vargas Nunes
Patients with major affective disorders (MAFD) with comorbid anxiety show a greater functional impairment than those without anxiety. The aim of this study is to delineate the associations between severity of anxiety in MAFD, namely bipolar disorder (BD) and major depression (MDD), and MAFD characteristics and serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol levels. Recruited were 82 participants with anxiety disoders and 83 without anxiety disoders, including 101 MAFD patients and 51 healthy controls. We used the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) to measure severity of anxiety and made the diagnoses of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder (PD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and phobias...
November 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155981/des-acyl-ghrelin-decreases-anxiety-like-behavior-in-male-mice
#3
Parinaz Mahbod, Eric P Smith, Maureen E Fitzgerald, Rachel L Morano, Benjamin A Packard, Sriparna Ghosal, Jessie R Scheimann, Diego Perez-Tilve, James P Herman, Jenny Tong
Ghrelin is a 28-amino acid polypeptide that regulates feeding, glucose metabolism and emotionality (stress, anxiety and depression). Plasma ghrelin circulates as desacyl ghrelin (DAG) or in an acylated form, acyl ghrelin (AG), through the actions of Ghrelin -O-Acyltransferase (GOAT), exhibiting low or high affinity, respectively, for the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHSR1a). We investigated the role of endogenous AG, DAG and GHSR1a signaling on anxiety and stress responses using ghrelin knockout (Ghr KO), GOAT KO, and Ghsr-stop-floxed (Ghsr null) mice...
November 15, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155224/medical-encounter-mental-health-diagnoses-non-fatal-injury-and-polypharmacy-indicators-of-risk-for-accident-death-in-the-us-army-enlisted-soldiers-2004-2009
#4
Lisa Lewandowski-Romps, Heather M Schroeder, Patricia A Berglund, Lisa J Colpe, Kenneth Cox, Keith Hauret, Jeffrey D Hay, Bruce Jones, Roderick J A Little, Colter Mitchell, Michael Schoenbaum, Paul Schulz, Murray B Stein, Robert J Ursano, Steven G Heeringa
Accidents are a leading cause of deaths in U.S. active duty personnel. Understanding accident deaths during wartime could facilitate future operational planning and inform risk prevention efforts. This study expands prior research, identifying health risk factors associated with U.S. Army accident deaths during the Afghanistan and Iraq war. Military records for 2004-2009 enlisted, active duty, Regular Army soldiers were analyzed using logistic regression modeling to identify mental health, injury, and polypharmacy (multiple narcotic and/or psychotropic medications) predictors of accident deaths for current, previously, and never deployed groups...
November 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154809/facilitated-acquisition-of-the-classically-conditioned-eyeblink-response-in-active-duty-military-expressing-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms
#5
Justin D Handy, Pelin Avcu, Nora Ko, Alejandro Ortiz, Michael J Doria, Richard J Servatius
OBJECTIVE: Learning diathesis models underscore the role of hyper-conditioning in the development of PTSD following trauma exposure. Eyeblink classical conditioning is one method of examining associative learning biases independent of fear and threat produced by trauma. Facilitated learning is apparent in individuals self-expressing PTSD symptoms, as well as behaviorally inhibited (BI) temperament, a vulnerability factor for PTSD. Here, we examine eyeblink conditioning in active duty military personnel and relate learning with PTSD symptomology...
November 14, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154594/morally-injurious-events-and-psychological-distress-among-veterans-examining-the-mediating-role-of-religious-and-spiritual-struggles
#6
Wyatt R Evans, Melinda A Stanley, Terri L Barrera, Julie J Exline, Kenneth I Pargament, Ellen J Teng
OBJECTIVE: Potentially morally injurious events (PMIEs)-violations (perpetrated or witnessed) of one's deeply held beliefs or values-have been associated with several forms of psychological distress. The values violated by PMIEs are often influenced by one's religion/spirituality (r/s). Struggles with one's r/s beliefs and/or practices may also contribute to elevated psychological distress. To further develop a framework for understanding and treating the sequelae of PMIE exposure, we examined the role of r/s struggles in the relation between PMIE exposure and psychological distress...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154564/self-criticism-and-dependency-in-female-adolescents-prediction-of-first-onsets-and-disentangling-the-relationships-between-personality-stressful-life-events-and-internalizing-psychopathology
#7
Daniel C Kopala-Sibley, Daniel N Klein, Greg Perlman, Roman Kotov
There is substantial evidence that personality traits, such as self-criticism and dependency, predict the development of depression and anxiety symptoms, as well as depressive episodes. However, it is unknown whether self-criticism and dependency predict the first onset of depressive and anxiety disorders, and unclear how to characterize dynamic mechanisms by which these traits, stressful life events, and psychopathology influence one another over time. In this study, 550 female adolescents were assessed at baseline, 528 and 513 of whom were assessed again at Waves 2 and 3, respectively, over the course of 18 months...
November 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154561/acculturative-stress-mental-health-symptoms-and-the-role-of-salivary-inflammatory-markers-among-a-latino-sample
#8
Adriana Maldonado, Andrea Preciado, Melissa Buchanan, Kim Pulvers, Devan Romero, Kimberly D'Anna-Hernandez
OBJECTIVES: Exposure to psychosocial stressors is associated with increases in adverse mental health outcomes and inflammatory markers. Limited research has investigated if acculturative stress, related to cultural adaptation in Latinos, one of the fastest growing minority groups in the United States, follows a similar pattern. This study hypothesized that acculturative stress would be associated with increased mental health symptoms as well as increases in salivary inflammatory markers...
November 20, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154056/a-single-session-of-hatha-yoga-improves-stress-reactivity-and-recovery-after-an-acute-psychological-stress-task-a-counterbalanced-randomized-crossover-trial-in-healthy-individuals
#9
Mateus J Benvenutti, Eduardo da Sliva Alves, Scott Michael, Ding Ding, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Kate M Edwards
OBJECTIVES: Yoga is promoted as an anti-stress activity, however, little is known about the mechanisms through which it acts. The present study investigated the acute effects of a hatha yoga session, displayed on a video, on the response to and recovery from an acute psychological stressor. METHODS: Twenty-four healthy young adults took part in a counterbalanced, randomized-crossover trial, with a yoga and a control condition (watching TV). Participants attended the laboratory in the afternoon on two days and each session comprised a baseline, control or yoga task, stress task and recovery...
December 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153958/major-and-minor-life-events-personality-and-psychopathology-in-children-with-tourette-syndrome
#10
Netta Horesh, Sharona Shmuel-Baruch, Dan Farbstein, Daphna Ruhrman, Noa Ben Aroya Milshtein, Silvana Fennig, Alan Apter, Tamar Steinberg
Environmental, psychological, and biological interactions underlie many psychopathologies. Tourette's Syndrome (TS) has an obvious biological substrate but environmental factors and personality play substantial roles in its expression. We aimed to study the interrelationships between stressful life events, personality traits, tics, and comorbid disorders in children with TS. To this end, 132 children with TS and 49 healthy controls were recruited for the study. Major life events in the 12-months prior to testing and minor life events in the month prior to testing were retrospectively assessed using the Life Experiences Survey (LES) and the Brief Adolescent Life Events Scale (BALES), respectively...
November 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153770/rats-exposed-to-2-45ghz-of-non-ionizing-radiation-exhibit-behavioral-changes-with-increased-brain-expression-of-apoptotic-caspase-3
#11
Rini Varghese, Anuradha Majumdar, Girish Kumar, Amit Shukla
In recent years there has been a tremendous increase in use of Wi-Fi devices along with mobile phones, globally. Wi-Fi devices make use of 2.4GHz frequency. The present study evaluated the impact of 2.45GHz radiation exposure for 4h/day for 45days on behavioral and oxidative stress parameters in female Sprague Dawley rats. Behavioral tests of anxiety, learning and memory were started from day 38. Oxidative stress parameters were estimated in brain homogenates after sacrificing the rats on day 45. In morris water maze, elevated plus maze and light dark box test, the 2...
November 14, 2017: Pathophysiology: the Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153229/psychosocial-consequences-in-men-taking-part-in-a-national-screening-program-for-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#12
Anna Ericsson, Jan Holst, Anders Gottsäter, Moncef Zarrouk, Christine Kumlien
Screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) has proven to reduce AAA-related mortality, but how the knowledge of having an untreated AAA affects health and daily life requires further clarification. The aim was to investigate the psychosocial consequences and sense of coherence (SOC) in 65-year-old men diagnosed with AAA and participating in a national screening program during a 6-month follow-up compared with men with no AAA. The single-center cohort study included 52 men with AAA and 118 men without AAA...
December 2017: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152719/course-and-predictors-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-a-cohort-of-psychologically-distressed-patients-with-cancer-a-4-year-follow-up-study
#13
Caryn Mei Hsien Chan, Chong Guan Ng, Nur Aishah Taib, Lei Hum Wee, Edward Krupat, Fremonta Meyer
BACKGROUND: Scant evidence exists on the long-term course of cancer-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This is among the few studies worldwide, and the first in the South-East Asian region, to prospectively evaluate PTSD in patients with cancer using gold-standard clinical interviews. The objective of the study was to assess the course and predictors of PTSD in adult patients with cancer in a South-East Asian population. METHODS: A prospective, longitudinal study was conducted in a cohort of 469 consecutively recruited patients (aged ≥18 years) with various cancer types within 1 month of diagnosis at a single oncology referral center...
November 20, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152209/case-control-study-hyperbaric-oxygen-treatment-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-persistent-post-concussion-syndrome-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#14
Paul G Harch, Susan R Andrews, Edward F Fogarty, Juliette Lucarini, Keith W Van Meter
Mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) persistent post-concussion syndrome (PPCS) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are epidemic in United States Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans. Treatment of the combined diagnoses is limited. The aim of this study is to assess safety, feasibility, and effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen treatments (HBOT) for mild TBI PPCS and PTSD. Thirty military subjects aged 18-65 with PPCS with or without PTSD and from one or more blast-induced mild-moderate traumatic brain injuries that were a minimum of 1 year old and occurred after 9/11/2001 were studied...
July 2017: Medical Gas Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151849/the-stony-brook-temperament-study-early-antecedents-and-pathways-to-emotional-disorders
#15
Daniel N Klein, Megan C Finsaas
In this article, we summarize findings from the Stony Brook Temperament Study, which seeks to elucidate the early antecedents and pathways to later depressive and anxiety disorders. The study focuses on parents' internalizing disorders and children's early temperament as distal risk factors that operate, in part, through biobehavioral reward and threat systems. We summarize findings linking parents' emotional disorders and observations of children's early temperament to subsequent neural measures of children's affective processing...
December 2017: Child Development Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150753/psychological-aspects-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#16
Rajesh Sagar, Tanu Gupta
Childhood obesity is multi factorial health condition, so the simple evaluation of body fat will not be sufficed to manage the global epidemic of childhood obesity. Literature consistently provides evidence for physical health risks associated with childhood obesity; however in recent times, mental health of the obese children has also gained attention of the researchers as well as clinicians. Obese children experience number of psycho-social problems that significantly affect their quality of life and wellbeing...
November 18, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150166/exercise-and-mental-health
#17
REVIEW
Kathleen Mikkelsen, Lily Stojanovska, Momir Polenakovic, Marijan Bosevski, Vasso Apostolopoulos
There is a growing body of literature that recognizes the positive effects of exercise on mood states such as anxiety, stress and depression, through physiological and biochemical mechanisms, including endorphins, mitochondria, mammalian target of rapamycin, neurotransmitters and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, and via the thermogenic hypothesis. In addition, psychological mechanisms influence the effects of exercise on mood states, as suggested by both the distraction hypothesis and the self-efficacy hypothesis...
December 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147822/psychiatric-sequelae-of-concussions
#18
REVIEW
David A Brent, Jeffrey Max
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study was to review the frequency, risk factors, phenomenology, and course of prolonged recovery from concussion and of psychiatric sequelae in pediatric populations. RECENT FINDINGS: Youth with prolonged recovery from concussions have higher initial symptoms, a history of multiple and/or recent concussions, and a tendency to somatization. Depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, behavioral disorders, and perhaps, suicidal behavior disorder are more common as both short- and longer-term sequelae of concussions...
November 17, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147119/psychosocial-factors-predicting-length-of-hospitalization-in-elderly-individuals-with-diabetes-in-selected-hospitals-of-isfahan-university-of-medical-sciences-isfahan-iran-in-2015
#19
Omeleila Baharlooei, Mousa Alavi, Marzieh Adelmehraban
BACKGROUND: Currently, researchers seek to identify factors related to length of hospital stay in elderly in order to reduce burden on the health system. The importance of either physiological or psychological factors in determining health outcomes has been well stablished; however, the possible contribution of psychosocial factors particularly in elderly patients with diabetes is also of special importance. This study aimed to know what psychosocial variables predicts length of hospital stay in elderly patients with diabetes...
May 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147063/nativity-race-ethnicity-and-dual-diagnosis-among-us-adults
#20
Magdalena Szaflarski, Shawn Bauldry, Lisa A Cubbins, Karthikeyan Meganathan
Purpose: This study investigated disparities in dual diagnosis (comorbid substance-use and depressive/anxiety disorders) among US adults by nativity and racial-ethnic origin and socioeconomic, cultural, and psychosocial factors that may account for the observed disparities. Design/methodology: The study drew on data from two waves of the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Racial-ethnic categories included African, Asian/Pacific Islander, European, Mexican, Puerto Rican, and other Hispanic/Latino...
2017: Research in the Sociology of Health Care
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