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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749453/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-therapy-improves-patient-and-caregiver-reported-outcomes-in-cirrhosis
#1
Jasmohan S Bajaj, Michael Ellwood, Timothy Ainger, Thomas Burroughs, Andrew Fagan, Edith A Gavis, Douglas M Heuman, Michael Fuchs, Binu John, James B Wade
OBJECTIVES: Patient-reported outcomes such as health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are impaired in cirrhosis due to under-treated mood and sleep disorders, which can adversely impact their caregivers. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) can improve patient-reported outcomes (PRO) in non-cirrhotic patients but their impact in cirrhosis is unclear. To evaluate the effect of MBSR and supportive group therapy on mood, sleep and HRQOL in cirrhotic patients and their caregivers. METHODS: Cirrhotic outpatients with mild depression (Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)>14) on screening with an adult caregiver were enrolled...
July 27, 2017: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749168/anxiety-reduction-and-emotional-self-care-using-the-u-technique-in-radiology%C3%A2-departments
#2
Alberto Martinez Lorca, Roberto Aguado, Manuela Martinez Lorca, Maria Carmen Zabala Baños
Daily clinical practice is an important source of stress and emotional exhaustion. In health field, patients could experience a significant number of emotional reactions. There are high levels of anxiety in patients referred for medical imaging, and these levels are even higher in patients undergoing complicated diagnostic procedures. All this shows the need to understand that anxiety must be diagnosed and treated. This situation forces radiologist to develop emotional and social skills to resolve difficulties that may arise in the communicative act...
July 27, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748995/-effects-of-a-mindfulness-intervention-in-chilean-high-schoolers
#3
Álvaro I Langer, Carlos Schmidt, José Manuel Aguilar-Parra, Cristian Cid, Antonella Magni
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness has been conceptualized as paying attention to present moment experience in a non-judgmental manner, and the practice of developing that skill. AIM: To determine the impact of a mindfulness-based intervention on negative emotional states of anxiety, stress, and depression in Chilean high schoolers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty-eight teenagers aged 13 ± 0.6 years (46 females) were randomly assigned to a mindfulness group or a control (41 and 47, respectively)...
April 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747813/stress-among-parents-of-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-comparison-involving-physiological-indicators-and-parent-self-reports
#4
Ciara Padden, Jack E James
Parents of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) have been reported as experiencing higher levels of stress and poorer physical health than parents of typically developing children. However, most of the relevant literature has been based on parental self-reports of stress and health. While research on physiological outcomes has grown in recent years, gaps still exist in our understanding of the physiological effects, if any, of stress related to parenting a child with ASD. The present study compared parent-reported stress, anxiety, and depression, as well as selected physiological measures of stress (i...
2017: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747688/spleen-contributes-to-restraint-stress-induced-changes-in-blood-leukocytes-distribution
#5
Wei Jiang, Yu Li, Jin Sun, Liang Li, Jiang-Wei Li, Chen Zhang, Chen Huang, Jun Yang, Guang-Yao Kong, Zong-Fang Li
Psychological stress has great impacts on the immune system, particularly the leukocytes distribution. Although the impacts of acute stress on blood leukocytes distribution are well studied, however, it remains unclear how chronic stress affects leukocytes distribution in peripheral circulation. Furthermore, there is no report about the role of spleen in the blood leukocytes distribution induced by stress. Here we show that spleen contributes to the alteration of restraint stress induced blood leukocytes distribution...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747293/improving-employee-well-being-and-effectiveness-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-web-based-psychological-interventions-delivered-in-the-workplace
#6
Stephany Carolan, Peter R Harris, Kate Cavanagh
BACKGROUND: Stress, depression, and anxiety among working populations can result in reduced work performance and increased absenteeism. Although there is evidence that these common mental health problems are preventable and treatable in the workplace, uptake of psychological treatments among the working population is low. One way to address this may be the delivery of occupational digital mental health interventions. While there is convincing evidence for delivering digital psychological interventions within a health and community context, there is no systematic review or meta-analysis of these interventions in an occupational setting...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747237/mental-health-care-utilisation-among-internally-displaced-persons-in-ukraine-results-from-a-nation-wide-survey
#7
B Roberts, N Makhashvili, J Javakhishvili, A Karachevskyy, N Kharchenko, M Shpiker, E Richardson
Aims There are an estimated 1.5 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Ukraine because of the armed conflict in the east of the country. The aim of this paper is to examine utilisation patterns of mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) care among IDPs in Ukraine. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design was used. Data were collected from 2203 adult IDPs throughout Ukraine between March and May 2016. Data on mental health care utilisation were collected, along with outcomes including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and anxiety...
July 27, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747121/assessment-of-yoga-as-an-adjuvant-treatment-for-combat-related-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#8
Linda McCarthy, Judith Fuller, Georgina Davidson, Alicia Crump, Sandro Positano, Chris Alderman
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed yoga as an adjuvant strategy for symptoms of combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: Subjects had significant, combat-related PTSD. Control data were collected during an eight-week waiting period. Trauma-sensitive yoga sessions of 90 minutes duration were provided every seven days for eight weeks. Assessments included the PTSD checklist (PCL); the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS); the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI); the Adult/Adolescent Sensory Profile (AASP); the SF36 Quality of Life instrument; and a brief, structured pre-enrolment assessment of attitudes towards yoga...
August 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747094/a-comparison-of-socioeconomic-status-and-mental-health-among-inner-city-aboriginal-and-non-aboriginal-women
#9
Kevin Hamdullahpur, Kahá Wi J Jacobs, Kathryn J Gill
Aboriginal women in urban areas have been reported to experience high rates of poverty, homelessness, interpersonal violence, and health problems. However, there are few prior ethnocultural comparisons of urban women from similar socioeconomic backgrounds. The current study explored the mental and physical health of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal women accessing social services agencies and shelters. Half of the sample (n=172) was Aboriginal (48.3%). The lifetime rate of physical abuse was significantly higher in Aboriginal women, and they were more likely to have been victims of violence or crime in the past year (A=50...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746841/the-antidepressant-effect-of-melatonin-and-fluoxetine-in-diabetic-rats-is-associated-with-a-reduction-of-the-oxidative-stress-in-the-prefrontal-and-hippocampal-cortices
#10
Redouane Rebai, Luc Jasmin, Abdennacer Boudah
In the past few years possible mechanisms that link diabetes and depression have been found. One of these mechanisms is the increase in lipid peroxidation and decrease in antioxidant activity in the hippocampal and prefrontal cortices, which are brain areas involved in mood. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the effect of an antidepressant and of an antioxidant on behavior and oxidative activity in brains of diabetic rats. Rats rendered diabetic after a treatment with streptozotocin (STZ) (60mg/kg) were treated with fluoxetine (15mg/kg), melatonin (10mg/kg), or vehicle for 4 weeks...
July 23, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746750/the-emotional-impact-of-errors-or-adverse-events-on-healthcare-providers-in-the-nicu-the-protective-role-of-coworker-support
#11
Adrien M Winning, Jenna M Merandi, Dorcas Lewe, Lois M C Stepney, Nancy N Liao, Christine A Fortney, Cynthia A Gerhardt
AIMS: To examine the impact of errors or adverse events on emotional distress and professional quality of life in healthcare providers in the neonatal intensive care unit, as well as the moderating role of coworker support. BACKGROUND: Errors or adverse events can result in negative outcomes for healthcare providers. However, the role of coworker support in improving emotional and professional outcomes has not been examined. DESIGN: A cross-sectional online survey from a quality improvement initiative to train peer supporters in a neonatal intensive care unit...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745386/adaptation-of-the-nomophobia-questionnaire-nmp-q-to-spanish-in-a-sample-of-adolescents
#12
Joaquín González-Cabrera, Ana León-Mejía, Carlota Pérez-Sancho, Esther Calvete
INTRODUCTION: Nomophobia is the fear of being out of mobile phone contact. People suffering from this anxiety disorder have feelings of stress and nervousness when access to their mobiles or computers is not possible. This work is an adaptation and validation study of the Spanish version of the Nomophobia Questionnaire (NMP-Q). METHODOLOGY: The study included 306 students (46.1% males and 53.9% females) with ages ranging 13 to 19 years (Md=15.41±1.22). RESULTS: Exploratory factor analysis revealed four dimensions that accounted for 64...
July 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745306/integrating-endocannabinoid-signaling-and-cannabinoids-into-the-biology-and-treatment-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#13
Matthew N Hill, Patrizia Campolongo, Rachel Yehuda, Sachin Patel
Exposure to stress is an undeniable, but in most cases surmountable, part of life. However, in certain individuals, exposure to severe or cumulative stressors can lead to an array of pathological conditions including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), characterized by debilitating trauma-related intrusive thoughts, avoidance behaviors, hyperarousal, as well as depressed mood and anxiety. In the context of the rapidly changing political and legal landscape surrounding use of cannabis products in the United States, there has been a surge of public and research interest in the role of cannabinoids in the regulation of stress-related biological processes and in their potential therapeutic application for stress-related psychopathology...
July 26, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743565/cognitive-and-emotional-impairments-after-cutaneous-intoxication-by-cees-a-sulfur-mustard-analog-in-mice
#14
Fanny Gros-Désormeaux, Daniel Béracochéa, Frédéric Dorandeu, Christophe Piérard
Cognitive and emotional disorders have been reported in veterans intoxicated with sulfur mustard (SM) a chemical weapon belonging to the category of vesicating agents. However, the intense stress associated with the SM intoxication may render difficult determining the exact role played by SM intoxication itself on the emergence and maintaining of cognitive disorders. Animal's model would allow overcoming this issue. So far, we presently investigated the cognitive and emotional impact of an acute cutaneous intoxication with CEES (2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide), a SM analog in C57/Bl6 mice...
July 22, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743153/-how-much-alarm-can-the-human-being-tolerate
#15
Benedikt Lorenz, Jürgen Peters, Ulrich H Frey
Due to growing technisation of intensive care the number of devices with integrated alarm systems is steadily increasing. However, most of the sounding alarms are false alarms causing high levels of frustration, aggression and inappropriate behaviour amongst the medical personnel. All this jeopardises patient care. The high number of alarms also disturb the patients interrupting their sleep and provokes anxiety, and also increases the already high noise level in intensive care units and the operating theatre alike...
July 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742505/effects-of-a-hops-humulus-lupulus-l-dry-extract-supplement-on-self-reported-depression-anxiety-and-stress-levels-in-apparently-healthy-young-adults-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-crossover-pilot-study
#16
Ioannis Kyrou, Aimilia Christou, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Charikleia Stefanaki, Katerina Skenderi, Konstantina Katsana, Constantine Tsigos
OBJECTIVE: The Humulus lupulus L. plant (hops) is used as a herbal medicinal product for anxiety/mood disorders. Our aim was to study the effects of a hops dry extract on self-reported depression, anxiety and stress levels in young adults. DESIGN: Apparently healthy young adults from our university completed the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) and those reporting at least mild depression, anxiety and stress were invited to complete the study intervention...
April 2017: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741010/perception-of-a-single-session-pre-in-vitro-fertilisation-counselling-service-and-attitudes-towards-support-group-a-survey-of-patients-in-singapore
#17
Gaik Suan Lim, Reshmi Karayan Kayanoth, Birit Fp Broekman, Cornelia Yi Chee
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate patients' evaluation of a compulsory pre-in vitro fertilisation (IVF) counselling session in Singapore and determine their attitudes towards attending a support group during IVF treatment. METHODS: 464 patients due to undergo their first IVF treatment were recruited at the Clinic for Human Reproduction, National University Hospital, Singapore. All patients attended a counselling session conducted by a clinical psychologist trained in infertility counselling prior to IVF treatment...
July 25, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740870/reduced-ventral-tegmental-area-hippocampal-connectivity-in-children-and-adolescents-exposed-to-early-threat
#18
Hilary A Marusak, Joshua R B Hatfield, Moriah E Thomason, Christine A Rabinak
BACKGROUND: Preclinical data suggest that early life stress has detrimental effects on the brain's dopaminergic system, particularly the mesocorticolimbic pathway. Altered dopamine function is thought to contribute to the development of stress-related pathologies; yet, little is known about the impact of early stress on dopamine systems during childhood and adolescence, when stress-related disorders frequently emerge. Here, we evaluate the impact of early threat exposure (violence, abuse) on functional connectivity of putative dopaminergic midbrain regions, the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and substantia nigra (SN), giving rise to mesocorticolimbic and nigrostriatal pathways, respectively...
March 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740632/psychological-effects-on-patient-s-relatives-regarding-their-presence-during-resuscitation
#19
Hassan Soleimanpour, Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi, Asghar Jafari Rouhi, Samad Ej Golzari, Ata Mahmoodpoor, Robab Mehdizadeh Esfanjani, Maryam Soleimanpour
Introduction: Presence of family and patients' relatives throughout resuscitation procedure is one of the most challenging concerns. Methods: In an interventional (quasi-experimental) study that was conducted during a 6 months period, the patients' relatives were randomly divided into two groups of intervention (the relatives who were eager to be present throughout the resuscitation procedure- under the family protection protocol, all of the procedure steps were explained to the relatives by an expert nurse who was not involved in the resuscitation procedure and control group (those who were not invited routinely to be present throughout the resuscitation procedure...
2017: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740420/a-cross-cultural-perspective-of-medical-clowning-comparison-of-its-effectiveness-in-reducing-pain-and-anxiety-among-hospitalized-bedouin-and-jewish-israeli-children
#20
Zehavit Gilboa-Negari, Sarah Abu-Kaf, Ephrat Huss, Gavriel Hain, Asher Moser
PURPOSE: Medical clowning has proven effective for reducing pain, anxiety, and stress, however, its differential effects on children from different cultures have not yet been researched. This study evaluated the effects of medical-clowning intervention on anxiety and pain among Jewish and Bedouin children, and anxiety among their parents, in southern Israel. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in hospital pediatric departments and employed a pre-post design involving quantitative and qualitative methods...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
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