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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353265/growth-sexual-and-bone-development-in-a-boy-with-bilateral-anorchia-under-testosterone-treatment-guided-by-the-development-of-his-monozygotic-twin
#1
Sara Vandewalle, Eva Van Caenegem, Margarita Craen, Youri Taes, Jean-Marc Kaufman, Guy T'Sjoen
BACKGROUND: Sex steroids are essential for sexual maturation, linear growth and bone development. However, there is no consensus on the optimal timing, dosage and dosage interval of testosterone therapy to induce pubertal development and achieve a normal adult height and bone mass in children with hypogonadism. CASE PRESENTATION: A monozygotic monochorial male twin pair, of which one boy was diagnosed with anorchia at birth due to testicular regression syndrome was followed from the age of 3 until the age of 18 years...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353245/new-who-violence-prevention-information-system-an-interactive-knowledge-platform-of-scientific-findings-on-violence
#2
REVIEW
Stephanie Burrows, Alexander Butchart, Nadia Butler, Zara Quigg, Mark A Bellis, Christopher Mikton
Scientific information on violence can be difficult to compile and understand. It is scattered across websites, databases, technical reports and academic journals, and rarely addresses all types of violence. In response, in October 2017 WHO released the Violence Prevention Information System or Violence Info, an online interactive collection of scientific information about the prevalence, consequences, risk factors and preventability of all forms of interpersonal violence. It covers homicide, child maltreatment, youth violence, intimate partner violence, elder abuse and sexual violence...
January 20, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352817/the-association-between-sexual-behaviours-and-initiation-of-post-secondary-education-in-south-africa
#3
Annah V Bengesai, Hafiz T A Khan, Russell Dube
Although young people in South Africa are growing up in an era where their socioeconomic circumstances are seemingly better than those of their parents' generation, they face greater risks in their trajectory to adulthood. This is mainly because the environment in which they are making sexual decisions is also rapidly evolving. Currently, South Africa has the highest prevalence of HIV and AIDS in the world among young people aged 15-24. This study examined the effect of sexual behaviours initiated in adolescence on enrolment in post-secondary education...
January 21, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352813/age-at-menarche-and-sexual-debut-among-young-filipino-women
#4
Nai-Peng Tey, Siow-Li Lai, Sor-Tho Ng
There has been a secular decline in age at menarche since the 19th century. Early-maturing women are more likely to have their sexual debut at a younger age, which in turn gives rise to a host of reproductive health and social problems. This study used data from five waves of National Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in the Philippines between 1993 and 2013 to examine the trends and socioeconomic differentials in age at menarche and sexual debut. The changing trend in age at menarche and sexual debut was examined across birth cohorts, and logistic regressions were used to identify the determinants of early sexual debut...
January 21, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352696/safety-and-efficacy-of-prostatic-artery-chemoembolization-for-prostate-cancer-initial-experience
#5
João Pisco, Tiago Bilhim, Nuno V Costa, Manuel Pinto Ribeiro, Lucia Fernandes, António G Oliveira
PURPOSE: To evaluate outcome of prostatic artery chemoembolization for patients with prostate cancer (PCa). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single-center prospective cohort study was conducted between August 2013 and July 2016 in 20 patients with PCa who underwent chemoembolization. Mean patient age was 67.5 years ± 6.4. Gleason score was 6-10, and staging was T2N0M0. Fifteen patients refused prostatectomy and 5 wanted to stop hormonal therapy because of side effects...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352679/inter-sexual-habitat-and-isotopic-niche-segregation-of-the-endangered-monteiro-s-storm-petrel-during-breeding
#6
V H Paiva, J A Ramos, C Nava, V Neves, J Bried, M Magalhães
At-sea distribution and trophic ecology of small seabird species (i.e.<100 g) is far less known when compared to their larger relatives. We studied the habitat use (spatial ecology) and isotopic niches (trophic ecology) of the endangered Monteiro's storm-petrel Hydrobates monteiroi during the incubation and chick-rearing periods of 2013. There was a sexual foraging segregation of Monteiro's storm-petrels during the breeding period (tracking data) but also during the non-breeding stage (stable isotope analysis)...
December 30, 2017: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352633/current-concerns-and-perspectives-on-zika-virus-co-infection-with-arboviruses-and-hiv
#7
REVIEW
Hussin A Rothan, Mehdi R M Bidokhti, Siddappa N Byrareddy
Dissemination of vector-borne viruses, such as Zika virus (ZIKV), in tropical and sub-tropical regions has a complicated impact on the immunopathogenesis of other endemic viruses such as dengue virus (DENV), chikungunya virus (CHIKV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The consequences of the possible co-infections with these viruses have specifically shown significant impact on the treatment and vaccination strategies. ZIKV is a mosquito-borne flavivirus from African and Asian lineages that causes neurological complications in infected humans...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352532/the-impact-of-severe-mental-disorders-and-psychotropic-medications-on-sexual-health-and-its-implications-for-clinical-management
#8
Angel L Montejo, Laura Montejo, David S Baldwin
Sexual dysfunction often accompanies severe psychiatric illness and can be due to both the mental disorder itself and the use of psychotropic treatments. Many sexual symptoms resolve as the mental state improves, but treatment-related sexual adverse events tend to persist over time, and are unfortunately under-recognized by clinicians and scarcely investigated in clinical trials. Treatment-emergent sexual dysfunction adversely affects quality of life and may contribute to reduce treatment adherence. There are important differences between the various compounds in the incidence of adverse sexual effects, associated with differences in mechanisms of action...
February 2018: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352400/project-date-smart-a-dating-violence-dv-and-sexual-risk-prevention-program-for-adolescent-girls-with-prior-dv-exposure
#9
Christie J Rizzo, Meredith Joppa, David Barker, Charlene Collibee, Caron Zlotnick, Larry K Brown
This study assessed the initial feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of an intervention aimed at reducing dating violence and sexual risk behavior in a sample of adolescent girls (ages 14-17) with prior exposure to physical dating violence (DV). One hundred and nine girls were randomly assigned to Date SMART (Skills to Manage Aggression in Relationships for Teens) or a Knowledge-only (KO) comparison group. Both intervention arms consisted of six, weekly 2-h sessions and one "booster" session 6 weeks later...
January 20, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352399/predictors-of-retention-in-an-alcohol-and-risky-sex-prevention-program-for-homeless-young-adults
#10
Eric R Pedersen, Brett A Ewing, Elizabeth J D'Amico, Jeremy N V Miles, Ann C Haas, Joan S Tucker
Homeless young adults are at risk for alcohol and other drug (AOD) use and risky sexual behavior. Interventions are needed to help these young people reduce their risky behavior, but this population is often difficult to engage and retain in services. We offered a four-session AOD and risky sex reduction program to 100 participants and examined if retention in the program was predicted by a number of factors: demographics, homelessness severity, other service use, AOD behaviors, mental health symptoms, sexual risk behaviors, and readiness to change AOD and condom use...
January 20, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352278/factors-associated-with-cervical-precancerous-lesions-among-women-screened-for-cervical-cancer-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-case-control-study
#11
Hirut Teame, Adamu Addissie, Wondimu Ayele, Selamawit Hirpa, Alem Gebremariam, Gdiom Gebreheat, Ahmedin Jemal
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the second most prevalent cancer among women in the developing countries including Ethiopia. Precancerous lesions can be developed and risk to the development of cervical cancer over time. Early identification of the precancerous lesion and its risk factor is paramount in preventing cervical cancer. However, the determinants of cervical precancerous lesions are not well documented in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study is conducted to determine factors associated with cervical precancerous lesion among women screened for cervical cancer...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352271/sex-disparity-in-cancer-roles-of-micrornas-and-related-functional-players
#12
REVIEW
Alessandra Carè, Maria Bellenghi, Paola Matarrese, Lucia Gabriele, Stefano Salvioli, Walter Malorni
A sexual dimorphism at the cellular level has been suggested to play a role in cancer onset and progression. In particular, very recent studies have unraveled striking differences between cells carrying XX or XY chromosomes in terms of response to stressful stimuli, indicating the presence of genetic and epigenetic differences determining sex-specific metabolic or phenotypic traits. Although this field of investigation is still in its infancy, available data suggest a key role of sexual chromosomes in determining cell life or death...
January 19, 2018: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352256/time-management-in-a-co-housed-social-rodent-species-arvicanthis-niloticus
#13
Alexandra Castillo-Ruiz, Premananda Indic, William J Schwartz
Sociality has beneficial effects on fitness, and timing the activities of animals may be critical. Social cues could influence daily rhythmic activities via direct effects on the circadian clock or on processes that bypass it (masking), but these possibilities remain incompletely addressed. We investigated the effects of social cues on the circadian body temperature (Tb) rhythms in pairs of co-housed and isolated grass rats, Arvicanthis niloticus (a social species), in constant darkness (DD). Cohabitation did not induce synchronization of circadian Tb rhythms...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352078/the-highly-divergent-mitochondrial-genomes-indicate-that-the-booklouse-liposcelis-bostrychophila-psocoptera-liposcelididae-is-a-cryptic-species
#14
Shiqian Feng, Qianqian Yang, Hu Li, Fan Song, Václav Stejskal, George P Opit, Wanzhi Cai, Zhihong Li, Renfu Shao
The booklouse, Liposcelis bostrychophila is an important storage pest worldwide. The mt genome of an asexual strain (Beibei, China) of the booklouse, L. bostrychophila, comprises two chromosomes; each chromosome contains approximate half of the 37 genes typically found in animals. The mt genomes of two sexual strains of L. bostrychophila, however, comprise five and seven chromosomes respectively; each chromosome contains one to six genes. To understand mt genome evolution in L. bostrychophila and whether L...
January 19, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351935/an-adult-case-with-shigellosis-associated-encephalopathy
#15
Heleen Joséphine Schuster, Michelle Gompelman, Wim Ang, Albertus Jozef Kooter
A 45-year-old man was presented at the emergency department with altered neurological status and a 1-day history of diarrhoea and fever. The patient's sexual history revealed multiple male partners. As bacterial meningitis or viral encephalitis was suspected, treatment was started accordingly. Cerebrospinal fluid investigations only showed a slight increase of leucocytes, and microbiological studies remained negative. Stool culture revealed Shigella flexneri, after which Shigella-associated encephalopathy was suspected...
January 18, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351809/axonal-transport-in-a-peripheral-diabetic-neuropathy-model-sex-dimorphic-features
#16
Marzia Pesaresi, Silvia Giatti, Roberto Spezzano, Simone Romano, Silvia Diviccaro, Tiziana Borsello, Nico Mitro, Donatella Caruso, Luis Miguel Garcia-Segura, Roberto Cosimo Melcangi
BACKGROUND: Disruption of axonal transport plays a pivotal role in diabetic neuropathy. A sex-dimorphism exists in the incidence and symptomatology of diabetic neuropathy; however, no studies so far have addressed sex differences in axonal motor proteins expression in early diabetes as well as the possible involvement of neuroactive steroids. Interestingly, recent data point to a role for mitochondria in the sexual dimorphism of neurodegenerative diseases. Mitochondria have a fundamental role in axonal transport by producing the motors' energy source, ATP...
January 19, 2018: Biology of Sex Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351755/bone-mineral-density-at-the-hip-and-its-relation-to-fat-mass-and-lean-mass-in-adolescents-the-troms%C3%A3-study-fit-futures
#17
Anne Winther, Lone Jørgensen, Luai Awad Ahmed, Tore Christoffersen, Anne-Sofie Furberg, Guri Grimnes, Rolf Jorde, Ole Andreas Nilsen, Elaine Dennison, Nina Emaus
BACKGROUND: Positive association between body weight and bone mass is well established, and the concept of body mass index (BMI) is associated with higher areal bone mineral density (aBMD) and reduced fracture risk. BMI, that comprises both fat mass (FM) and lean mass (LM) may contribute to peak bone mass achievement in different ways. This study explored the influence of body composition in terms of total body LM and FM on hip aBMD-values in adolescence. METHODS: In 2010/2011, 93% of the region's first-year upper-secondary school students (15-17 years old) in Tromsø, Norway attended the Tromsø Study, Fit Futures...
January 19, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351328/joint-modeling-of-correlated-binary-outcomes-the-case-of-contraceptive-use-and-hiv-knowledge-in-bangladesh
#18
Di Fang, Renyuan Sun, Jeffrey R Wilson
Recent advances in statistical methods enable the study of correlation among outcomes through joint modeling, thereby addressing spillover effects. By joint modeling, we refer to simultaneously analyzing two or more different response variables emanating from the same individual. Using the 2011 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey, we jointly address spillover effects between contraceptive use (CUC) and knowledge of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. Jointly modeling these two outcomes is appropriate because certain types of contraceptive use contribute to the prevention of HIV and STDs and the knowledge and awareness of HIV and STDs typically lead to protection during sexual intercourse...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351114/sexual-and-reproductive-issues-and-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-neglected-topic-in-men
#19
Mariangela Allocca, Daniela Gilardi, Gionata Fiorino, Federica Furfaro, Laurent Peyrin-Biroulet, Silvio Danese
There has been considerable literature on sexual issues in women with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but relatively little attention has been paid to these aspects in men. To review the available literature and to provide the best management of sexual and reproductive issues in male patients with IBD. The scientific literature on sexual and reproductive issues in men with IBD was reviewed. Several factors, including surgical and medication treatments, disease activity, lifestyle, and psychological factors, may play a role in the development of infertility and sexual dysfunction and may negatively impact pregnancy outcomes...
January 18, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350712/vaccination-for-human-papillomavirus-immunization-practices-in-the-u-s-military%C3%A2
#20
Jennifer J Buechel
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection and is a leading etiology for cancer. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends routine vaccination of males and females aged 11-26 years. Studies suggest that U.S. military service members have higher HPV incidence rates and lower vaccination rates compared to the national average. Although the U.S. military enforces many recommended vaccines, the HPV vaccine fails to make the list. 
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February 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
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