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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076636/body-dysmorphic-symptoms-scale-for-patients-seeking-esthetic-surgery-cross-cultural-validation-study
#1
Tatiana Dalpasquale Ramos, Maria José Azevedo de Brito, Mônica Sarto Piccolo, Maria Fernanda Normanha da Silva Martins Rosella, Miguel Sabino, Lydia Masako Ferreira
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Rhinoplasty is one of the most sought-after esthetic operations among individuals with body dysmorphic disorder. The aim of this study was to cross-culturally adapt and validate the Body Dysmorphic Symptoms Scale. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-cultural validation study conducted in a plastic surgery outpatient clinic of a public university hospital. METHODS: Between February 2014 and March 2015, 80 consecutive patients of both sexes seeking rhinoplasty were selected...
November 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076623/low-cost-simulator-for-heart-surgery-training
#2
Roberto Rocha E Silva, Artur Lourenção, Maxim Goncharov, Fabio B Jatene
Objective: Introduce the low-cost and easy to purchase simulator without biological material so that any institution may promote extensive cardiovascular surgery training both in a hospital setting and at home without large budgets. Methods: A transparent plastic box is placed in a wooden frame, which is held by the edges using elastic bands, with the bottom turned upwards, where an oval opening is made, "simulating" a thoracotomy. For basic exercises in the aorta, the model presented by our service in the 2015 Brazilian Congress of Cardiovascular Surgery: a silicone ice tray, where one can train to make aortic purse-string suture, aortotomy, aortorrhaphy and proximal and distal anastomoses...
November 2016: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076371/meta-analysis-of-the-long-term-success-rate-of-different-interventions-in-benign-biliary-strictures
#3
Orsolya Huszár, Bálint Kokas, Péter Mátrai, Péter Hegyi, Erika Pétervári, Áron Vincze, Gabriella Pár, Patrícia Sarlós, Judit Bajor, József Czimmer, Dóra Mosztbacher, Katalin Márta, Csaba Zsiborás, Péter Varjú, Ákos Szücs
BACKGROUND: Benign biliary stricture is a rare condition and the majority of the cases are caused by operative trauma or chronic inflammation based on various etiology. Although the initial results of endoscopic, percutaneous and surgical treatment are impressive, no comparison about long term stricture resolution is available. AIMS: The goal of this study was to compare the long term disease free survival in benign biliary strictures with various etiology after surgery, percutaneous transhepatic-and endoscopic treatment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071687/bacterial-load-of-conditioned-pressure-ulcers-is-not-a-predictor-for-early-flap-failure-in-spinal-cord-injury
#4
T Kamradt, S Klein, S Zimmermann, J Schröder-Braunstein, C H Fürstenberg, C Hensel, N Weidner, A Hug
OBJECTIVES: Pressure ulcers impose a major lifetime medical problem to patients with high-grade spinal cord injury (SCI). For patients with stages 3-4 pressure ulcers, plastic surgery is often the only remaining treatment option. Despite considerable flap failure rates of around 30%, only sparse knowledge exists on predictors for flap failure. Hence, identification of predictors for flap failures is needed. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 38 SCI patients with stages 3-4 pressure ulcers scheduled for plastic surgery...
January 10, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070467/social-support-and-resilience-among-patients-with-burn-injury-in-lahore-pakistan
#5
Ahmed Waqas, Sadiq Naveed, Mariam M Bhuiyan, Jawad Usman, Ahmed Inam-Ul-Haq, Sara S Cheema
INTRODUCTION: Social support and ego resiliency play a great role in maintaining the physical and mental health of patients with burn injuries. The present study has been designed to compare ego resiliency levels and the degree of social support in patients with a burn injury and their healthy counterparts. METHODS: This study was conducted in two teaching hospitals in Lahore, Pakistan from May 2015 to July 2015. A total of 80 burn patients presenting in outpatient departments of general surgery, plastic surgery, and burn centers of these hospitals were surveyed conveniently, and for comparison, 80 patients presenting in outpatient departments with minor ailments, for routine checkups or follow-ups were recruited...
November 8, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070052/-survey-on-changes-in-the-proportion-for-facial-aesthetics
#6
Shize Lei, Qizhen Wu, Qingmei Shi, Shaorong Lei
To explore the proportion for facial aesthetics that may be recognized by the potential group who will do plastic surgery in the future. 
 Methods: We measured the celebrity photos, who were born before 1980 recognizable by the people over 40 years old or by high school students. The proportions for facial aesthetics recognizable by these two generations were obtained and compared. 
 Results: Compared the new generation of male celebrities with the older generation of male celebrities, the difference was statistically significant by the independent samples t test (t=-2...
December 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066801/cell-assisted-lipotransfer-in-breast-augmentation-and-reconstruction-a-systematic-review-of-safety-efficacy-use%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-patient-reported-outcomes-and-study-quality
#7
Zeeshaan Arshad, Lindsey Karmen, Rajan Choudhary, James A Smith, Olivier A Branford, David A Brindley, David Pettitt, Benjamin M Davies
BACKGROUND: Cell assisted lipotransfer serves as a novel technique for both breast reconstruction and breast augmentation. This systematic review assesses the efficacy, safety and use of patient reported outcome measures in studies involving cell assisted lipotransfer. We also carry out an objective assessment of study quality focussing on recruitment, follow-up and provide an up-to-date clinical trial landscaping analysis. METHODS: Key electronic databases were searched according to PRISMA guidelines and pre-defined inclusion and exclusion criteria...
December 2016: JPRAS Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065957/the-effect-of-educational-internships-on-medical-students-perceptions-of-plastic-surgery
#8
Andac Aykan, Engin Kurt, Sedat Avsar, Muhitdin Eski, Serdar Ozturk
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of plastic, reconstructive and aesthetic surgery educational internships on medical students' perceptions of the scope of plastic surgery. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Gulhane Medical Faculty, Ankara, Turkey, from 2012 to 2013, and comprised 4th-, 5th- and 6th-year medical students. Students were given a questionnaire consisting of 28 questions related to maxillofacial and upper and lower extremity medical conditions, and skin, aesthetic and congenital anomalies...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065226/effects-of-two-intranasal-dexmedetomidine-doses-as-premedication-on-sevoflurane-ec50-for-successful-laryngeal-mask-airway-placement-in-children
#9
Jin Xu, Xiao-Ming Deng, Ling-Xin Wei, Dong Yang, Ju-Hui Liu, Juan Zhi, Ya-Nan Li
Objective To observe the effects of two different intranasal dexmedetomidine doses as premedication on the EC50 of sevoflurane for successful laryngeal mask airway placement in children. Methods Children aged 3-6 years, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status 1, and scheduled for plastic surgery were enrolled in this study. Children were assigned to receive either spray administration of intranasal dexmedetomidine 1 μg/kg (group D1, n=21) or 2 μg/kg (group D2, n=20) approximately 30 minutes before anesthesia...
December 20, 2016: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062965/patient-satisfaction-and-clinical-outcomes-following-414-breast-reductions-application-of-breast-q
#10
A Cogliandro, M Barone, G Cassotta, S Tenna, B Cagli, P Persichetti
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to measure breast satisfaction and quality of life using the BREAST-Q Reduction Module in a large sample of postoperative patients having breast reduction using the inverted T technique. METHODS: With due approval from the ethics committee of our university, 414 patients who were seen in consultation for breast reduction surgery between 2005 and 2015 performed by the same team were asked to fill out BREAST-Q surveys. The patient factors collected for all those undergoing breast reduction included age, body mass index, incision pattern, areola complex pedicle used, amount of tissue resected, concurrent procedures, and complications...
January 7, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062963/does-demand-for-breast-augmentation-reflect-national-financial-trends
#11
L Kearney, R T Dolan, A J Clover, E J Kelly, E O'Broin, M O'Shaughnessy, S T O'Sullivan
: Aesthetic plastic surgery is a consumer-driven industry, subject to influence by financial forces. A changing economic environment may thus impact on the demand for surgery. The aim of this study was to explore trends in demand for bilateral breast augmentation (BBA) in consecutively presenting patients over an 11-year period and to examine if a correlation exists between these trends and changes in Gross Domestic Product (GDP), a key economic indicator. This study revealed a correlation between annual number of breast augmentation procedures performed and GDP values (r (2) = 0...
January 7, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061518/breast-reconstruction-in-elderly-patients-risk-factors-clinical-outcomes-and-aesthetic-results
#12
Rosaria Laporta, Sorotos Michail, Longo Benedetto, Santanelli di Pompeo Fabio
Background Correlation among age, clinical, and aesthetic outcomes in implant-based and autologous breast reconstructions was investigated. Methods Between 2004 and 2014, a retrospective study was performed on patients who underwent reconstruction following mastectomy. Patients were divided in group A (< 50 years), group B (≥ 50-59 years), group C (≥ 60-69 years), and group D (≥ 70 years). Demographics, comorbidities, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class, and length of stay were assessed using chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis H analysis considering p ≤ 0...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060744/targeting-macrophage-anti-tumor-activity-to-suppress-melanoma-progression
#13
REVIEW
Huafeng Wang, Lijuan Zhang, Luhong Yang, Chengfang Liu, Qi Zhang, Linjing Zhang
By phagocytosing cancer cells and their cellular debris, macrophages play a critical role in nonspecific defense (innate immunity) and, as antigen presenters, they help initiate specific defense mechanisms (adaptive immunity). Malignant melanoma is a lethal disease due to its aggressive capacity for metastasis and resistance to therapy. For decades, considerable effort has gone into development of an effective immunotherapy for treatment of metastatic melanoma. In this review, we focus on the anti-tumor activities of macrophages in melanoma and their potential as therapeutic targets in melanoma...
January 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060099/reflecting-on-a-foreign-body-of-the-hard-palate
#14
Joshua Halka, Xue Zhao, Steven J Kasten
Foreign bodies of the hard palate in infants are rare and are often misdiagnosed as tumors. To our knowledge there are no reports of foreign bodies of the hard palate presenting to plastic surgeons as a cleft palate. This article describes a patient with a foreign body of the hard palate in a 9-month-old boy misdiagnosed as a cleft palate. While similar patients have been reported in the literature of other specialties, no patients have been reported in the plastic surgery literature to our knowledge. It is important for the plastic surgeon to be aware of foreign bodies of the hard palate and to keep these on one's differential in order to deter the use of unnecessary tests and to decrease the risk of any harm...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059854/perforator-phase-contrast-angiography-of-deep-inferior-epigastric-perforators-a-better-preoperative-imaging-tool-for-flap-surgery-than-computed-tomographic-angiography
#15
Xiangyu Yang, Michael J Miller, Harry T Friel, Allison Slijepcevic, Michael V Knopp
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of in vivo perforator visualization by a newly proposed magnetic resonance-based perforator phase contrast angiography (pPCA) technique for deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap surgery and to prospectively compare its image quality and clinical value with computed tomographic angiography (CTA), the state-of-the-art perforator imaging technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval and informed consent were obtained...
January 4, 2017: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057292/impact-of-integrated-programs-on-general-surgery-operative-volume
#16
Amanda R Jensen, Brianne L Nickel, Scott C Dolejs, David F Canal, Laura Torbeck, Jennifer N Choi
BACKGROUND: Integrated residencies are now commonplace, co-existing with categorical general surgery residencies. The purpose of this study was to define the impact of integrated programs on categorical general surgery operative volume. METHODS: Case logs from categorical general, integrated plastics, vascular, and thoracic surgery residents from a single institution from 2008 to 2016 were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Integrated residents have increased the number of cases they perform that would have previously been general surgery resident cases from 11 in 2009-2010 to 1392 in 2015-2016...
December 27, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056121/comparing-patient-casual-observer-and-expert-perception-of-permanent-unilateral-facial-paralysis
#17
Jacob K Dey, Lisa E Ishii, Jason C Nellis, Kofi D O Boahene, Patrick J Byrne, Masaru Ishii
Importance: Differences in perception of facial paralysis among patients, casual observers, and experts may have implications for outcomes research and patient care. Objective: To compare multiple domains of casual observer and expert perception with the actual experience of patients with permanent unilateral facial paralysis. Design, Setting, and Participants: This investigation was a prospective cohort study conducted at an academic tertiary referral center...
January 5, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049612/a-survey-of-patients-with-surgical-wounds-healing-by-secondary-intention-an-assessment-of-prevalence-aetiology-duration-and-management
#18
I C Chetter, A V Oswald, M Fletcher, J C Dumville, N A Cullum
BACKGROUND: Surgical wounds healing by secondary intention (SWHSI) are often difficult and costly to treat. There is a dearth of clinical and research information regarding SWHSI. The aim of this survey was to estimate the prevalence of SWHSI and to characterise the aetiology, duration and management of these wounds. METHODS: Anonymised data were collected from patients with SWHSI receiving treatment in primary, secondary and community settings. Over a two weeks period, data were collected on the patients, their SWHSI, clinical and treatment details...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049608/electromagnetic-navigated-positioning-of-the-maxilla-after-le-fort-i-osteotomy-in-preclinical-orthognathic-surgery-cases
#19
Moritz Berger, Igor Nova, Sebastian Kallus, Oliver Ristow, Urs Eisenmann, Christian Freudlsperger, Robin Seeberger, Jürgen Hoffmann, Hartmut Dickhaus
OBJECTIVES: Inaccuracies in orthognathic surgery can be caused during face-bow registration, model surgery on plaster models, and intermaxillary splint manufacturing. Electromagnetic (EM) navigation is a promising method for splintless digitized maxillary positioning. STUDY DESIGN: After performing Le Fort I osteotomy on 10 plastic skulls, the target position of the maxilla was guided by an EM navigation system. Specially implemented software illustrated the target position by real-time multistage colored three-dimensional imaging...
October 14, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046969/su-d-207b-04-morphological-features-of-mri-as-a-correlate-of-capsular-contracture-in-breast-cancer-patients-with-implant-based-reconstructions
#20
N Tyagi, E Sutton, M Hunt, A Apte, J Zhang, J Oh, J Mechalakos, B Mehrara, E Matros, A Ho
PURPOSE: Capsular contracture (CC) is a serious complication in patients receiving implant-based reconstruction for breast cancer. The goal of this study was to identify image-based correlates of CC using MRI imaging in breast cancer patients who received both MRI and clinical evaluation following reconstructive surgery. METHODS: We analyzed a retrospective dataset of 50 patients who had both a diagnostic MR and a plastic surgeon's evaluations of CC score (Baker's score) within a six month period following mastectomy and reconstructive surgery...
June 2016: Medical Physics
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