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Animal handling and welfare

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620831/cephalopod-biology-and-care-a-cost-fa1301-cephsinaction-training-school-anaesthesia-and-scientific-procedures
#1
Vanessa M Lopes, Eduardo Sampaio, Katina Roumbedakis, Nobuaki K Tanaka, Lucía Carulla, Guillermo Gambús, Theodosia Woo, Catarina P P Martins, Virginie Penicaud, Colette Gibbings, Jessica Eberle, Perla Tedesco, Isabel Fernández, Tania Rodríguez-González, Pamela Imperadore, Giovanna Ponte, Graziano Fiorito
Cephalopods are the sole invertebrates included in the list of regulated species following the Directive 2010/63/EU. According to the Directive, achieving competence through adequate training is a requisite for people having a role in the different functions (article 23) as such carrying out procedures on animals, designing procedures and projects, taking care of animals, killing animals. Cephalopod Biology and Care Training Program is specifically designed to comply with the requirements of the "working document on the development of a common education and training framework to fulfil the requirements under the Directive 2010/63/EU"...
September 2017: Invertebrate Neuroscience: IN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579088/on-farm-conditions-that-compromise-animal-welfare-that-can-be-monitored-at-the-slaughter-plant
#2
REVIEW
Temple Grandin
Handling and stunning at slaughter plants has greatly improved through the use of numerical scoring. The purpose of this paper is to encourage the use of numerical scoring systems at the slaughter plants to assess conditions that compromise welfare that occurred either during transport or on the farm. Some of the transport problems that can be assessed are bruises, death losses, and injured animals. Welfare issues that occurred on the farm that can be assessed at the abattoir are body condition, lameness, lesions, injuries, animal cleanliness and internal pathology...
May 10, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551179/management-practices-for-male-calves-on-canadian-dairy-farms
#3
D L Renaud, T F Duffield, S J LeBlanc, D B Haley, D F Kelton
Morbidity, mortality, and antimicrobial use and resistance are major concerns in the rearing of male dairy calves, so information to support disease prevention is important. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to describe management practices associated with the care of male calves during their first days of life on Canadian dairy farms. A survey was completed by dairy producers across Canada between March 1 and April 30, 2015. The survey included 192 questions covering producer background, farm characteristics, biosecurity practices, disease prevalence, calf health, animal welfare, lameness, milking hygiene, reproduction, and Internet and social media use...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464114/management-practices-associated-with-stress-in-cattle-on-western-canadian-cow-calf-operations-a-mixed-methods-study
#4
M A Moggy, E A Pajor, W E Thurston, S Parker, A M Greter, K S Schwartzkopf-Genswein, J R Campbell, M C Windeyer
Handling, weaning, and euthanasia are some of the most stressful practices performed on cow-calf operations. Although strategies to minimize stress exist, their use on western Canadian cow-calf operations is unknown. The objectives were to describe current stress-associated practices on western Canadian cow-calf operations, describe producer and operation demographics associated with the use of nonabrupt weaning methods, and explore producer perceptions toward these practices. A questionnaire focusing on stressful management practices was delivered to 109 cow-calf producers in western Canada...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433720/establishment-of-a-non-invasive-method-for-stress-evaluation-in-farmed-salmon-based-on-direct-fecal-corticoid-metabolites-measurement
#5
Yanran Cao, Ann-Kristin Tveten, Anne Stene
Fish welfare is an important issue for growth of the aquaculture industry. Stress responses represent animal's natural reactions to challenging conditions and could be used as a welfare indicator. Cortisol level is relevant to fish welfare condition, and is a readily measured component of the primary stress response system. Generally, cortisol is measured by blood sampling. However, fish blood cortisol level could be instantly influenced by handling-stress at sampling. Fecal corticoid metabolites (FCM) are a mixture of several different metabolites with a wide range of polarities...
April 19, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298228/is-transport-distance-correlated-with-animal-welfare-and-carcass-quality-of-reindeer-rangifer-tarandus-tarandus
#6
Sauli Laaksonen, Pikka Jokelainen, Jyrki Pusenius, Antti Oksanen
BACKGROUND: Slaughter reindeer are exposed to stress caused by gathering, handling, loading and unloading, and by conditions in vehicles during transport. These stress factors can lead to compromised welfare and trauma such as bruises or fractures, aspiration of rumen content, and abnormal odour in carcasses, and causing condemnations in meat inspection and lower meat quality. We investigated the statistical association of slaughter transport distance with these indices using meat inspection data from years 2004-2016, including inspection of 669,738 reindeer originating from Finnish reindeer herding areas...
March 15, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287586/introducing-clicker-training-as-a-cognitive-enrichment-for-laboratory-mice
#7
Charlotte Leidinger, Felix Herrmann, Christa Thöne-Reineke, Nadine Baumgart, Jan Baumgart
Establishing new refinement strategies in laboratory animal science is a central goal in fulfilling the requirements of Directive 2010/63/EU. Previous research determined a profound impact of gentle handling protocols on the well-being of laboratory mice. By introducing clicker training to the keeping of mice, not only do we promote the amicable treatment of mice, but we also enable them to experience cognitive enrichment. Clicker training is a form of positive reinforcement training using a conditioned secondary reinforcer, the "click" sound of a clicker, which serves as a time bridge between the strengthened behavior and an upcoming reward...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218670/religion-and-animal-welfare-an-islamic-perspective
#8
REVIEW
Sira Abdul Rahman
Islam is a comprehensive religion guiding the lives of its followers through sets of rules governing the personal, social, and public aspects through the verses of the Holy Qur'an and Hadiths, the compilation of the traditions of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh), the two main documents that serve as guidelines. Islam is explicit with regard to using animals for human purposes and there is a rich tradition of the Prophet Mohammad's (pbuh) concern for animals to be found in the Hadith and Sunna. Islam has also laid down rules for humane slaughter...
February 17, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068372/perception-of-fish-sentience-welfare-and-humane-slaughter-by-highly-educated-citizens-of-bogot%C3%A3-colombia-and-curitiba-brazil
#9
Daniel Santiago Rucinque, Ana Paula Oliveira Souza, Carla Forte Maiolino Molento
Discussions on farm animal welfare have become frequent, especially in developed countries. The aim of this research was to study the perception of fish sentience, welfare and slaughter by highly educated citizens from Bogotá, Colombia, and Curitiba, Brazil. An online survey with 12 questions presented as open-ended, multiple choice and 5-point Likert-type scale formats was available to respondents. Answers from 395 participants in Bogotá and 387 in Curitiba were analyzed, and results are presented in the order Bogotá followed by Curitiba...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845702/the-challenges-of-using-horses-for-practical-teaching-purposes-in-veterinary-programmes
#10
REVIEW
Gabriella Gronqvist, Chris Rogers, Erica Gee, Charlotte Bolwell, Stuart Gordon
Students enrolled in veterinary degrees often come from an urban background with little previous experience in handling horses and other large animals. Many veterinary degree programmes place importance on the teaching of appropriate equine handling skills, yet within the literature it is commonly reported that time allocated for practical classes often suffers due to time constraint pressure from other elements of the curriculum. The effect of this pressure on animal handling teaching time is reflected in the self-reported low level of animal handling competency, particularly equine, in students with limited prior experience with horses...
November 11, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822453/student-attitudes-regarding-the-educational-value-and-welfare-implications-in-the-use-of-model-eyes-and-live-dogs-in-teaching-practical-fundus-examination-evaluation-of-responses-from-40-students
#11
D L Williams, C Wager, J Brearley
This study sought to document student opinions on the educational value and welfare implications of use of artificial model eyes and live dogs in the training of veterinary students in examination of the canine fundus. Forty students who had undertaken a practical class on canine fundoscopy involving both use of artificial model eyes and live dogs were asked to complete a short questionnaire using a Likert scale to gauge their opinion on whether the use of live dogs and artificial eyes was very valuable (scoring 2), valuable (1), a neutral response (0), not particularly valuable (-1) or not at all valuable (-2) and to write a free text response on their views of the educational value and welfare implications of using artificial model eyes or live dogs in training for ophthalmic examination of the canine ocular fundus...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750084/conventional-versus-modern-abattoirs-in-colombia-impacts-on-welfare-indicators-and-risk-factors-for-high-muscle-ph-in-commercial-zebu-young-bulls
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
M H Romero, L F Uribe-Velásquez, J A Sánchez, A A Rayas-Amor, G C Miranda-de la Lama
The aim of the study was to determine the effects of abattoir type (conventional abattoir -CA- versus modern abattoir -MA-) on stress parameters and risk factors for high muscle pH in Colombia. A total of 522 Zebu young bulls were studied in two groups: 285 at CA, and 237 at MA. Blood samples were taken to measure cortisol, glucose, lactate, creatine kinase, β-hydroxybutyrate, total protein, albumin, creatinine, urea, haematocrit, leukocytes and N/L ratio. Cattle were monitored during the unloading, lairage, handling and stunning...
January 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695806/assessing-cow-calf-welfare-part-2-risk-factors-for-beef-cow-health-and-behavior-and-stockperson-handling
#13
G E Simon, B R Hoar, C B Tucker
Epidemiological studies can be used to identify risk factors for livestock welfare concerns but have not been conducted in the cow-calf sector for this purpose. The objectives of this study were to investigate the relationships of 1) herd-level management, facilities, and producer perspectives with cattle health and behavior and stockperson handling and 2) stockperson handling on cattle behavior at the individual cow level. Cow ( = 3,065) health and behavior and stockperson handling during a routine procedure (e...
August 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695797/assessing-cow-calf-welfare-part-1-benchmarking-beef-cow-health-and-behavior-handling-and-management-facilities-and-producer-perspectives
#14
G E Simon, B R Hoar, C B Tucker
Assessment programs are one way beef producers communicate information about animal welfare to retailers and the public. Programs that monitor cattle through the production cycle (e.g., the Global Animal Partnership) or at individual stages (e.g., slaughter; the North American Meat Institute) exist, but to date, there is no assessment program addressing welfare specifically in the cow-calf sector. The objectives of this study were to measure cow-calf health and handling welfare outcomes and gather management, facility, and producer perspective information to 1) describe current practices and 2) inform assessment design...
August 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611784/training-reduces-stress-in-human-socialised-wolves-to-the-same-degree-as-in-dogs
#15
Angélica da Silva Vasconcellos, Zsófia Virányi, Friederike Range, César Ades, Jördis Kristin Scheidegger, Erich Möstl, Kurt Kotrschal
The welfare of animals in captivity is of considerable societal concern. A major source of stress, especially for wild animals, is the lack of control over their environment, which includes not being able to avoid contact with human beings. Paradoxically, some studies have shown that interactions with human beings may improve the welfare of wild animals in captivity. Here, we investigated the behavioural (behaviours indicative of cooperation or stress) and physiological (variations in salivary cortisol concentrations) effects of the increasingly used practice of training wild animals as a way to facilitate handling and/or as behavioural enrichment...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586633/adrenocortical-expression-profiling-of-cattle-with-distinct-juvenile-temperament-types
#16
Juliane Friedrich, Bodo Brand, Katharina Luise Graunke, Jan Langbein, Manfred Schwerin, Siriluck Ponsuksili
Temperament affects ease of handling, animal welfare, and economically important production traits in cattle. The use of gene expression profiles as molecular traits provides a novel means of gaining insight into behavioural genetics. In this study, differences in adrenocortical expression profiles between 60 F2 cows (Charolais × German Holstein) of distinct temperament types were analysed. The cows were assessed in a novel-human test at an age of 90 days. Most of the adrenal cortex transcripts which were differentially expressed (FDR <0...
January 2017: Behavior Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558778/appropriate-handling-of-pet-rabbits-a-literature-review
#17
REVIEW
A G Bradbury, G J E Dickens
Many rabbits show fear behaviours when lifted off the ground. Estimates from owner surveys suggest that around 60% of pet rabbits struggle when lifted and fear-related aggression is common. This article integrates information from both laboratory and pet rabbit studies to formulate a list of recommendations for appropriate handling of rabbits. Reduction of the frequency of the stressor can be achieved by educating owners on alternative management practices to reduce the need to carry their rabbits. However, in some situations, it is unavoidable that a rabbit is lifted...
October 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543093/causes-consequences-and-biomarkers-of-stress-in-swine-an-update
#18
REVIEW
Silvia Martínez-Miró, Fernando Tecles, Marina Ramón, Damián Escribano, Fuensanta Hernández, Josefa Madrid, Juan Orengo, Silvia Martínez-Subiela, Xavier Manteca, José Joaquín Cerón
BACKGROUND: In recent decades there has been a growing concern about animal stress on intensive pig farms due to the undesirable consequences that stress produces in the normal physiology of pigs and its effects on their welfare and general productive performance. This review analyses the most important types of stress (social, environmental, metabolic, immunological and due to human handling), and their biological consequences for pigs. The physio-pathological changes associated with stress are described, as well as the negative effects of stress on pig production...
August 19, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468102/efficient-halal-bleeding-animal-handling-and-welfare-a-holistic-approach-for-meat-quality
#19
Z A Aghwan, A U Bello, A A Abubakar, J C Imlan, A Q Sazili
Traditional halal slaughter and other forms of religious slaughter are still an issue of debate. Opposing arguments related to pre-slaughter handling, stress and pain associated with restraint, whether the incision is painful or not, and the onset of unconsciousness have been put forward, but no consensus has been achieved. There is a need to strike a balance between halal bleeding in the light of science and animal welfare. There is a paucity of scientific data with respect to animal welfare, particularly the use of restraining devices, animal handling, and efficient halal bleeding...
November 2016: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27394954/identifying-risk-factors-associated-with-lameness-in-pasture-based-dairy-herds
#20
S Ranjbar, A R Rabiee, A Gunn, J K House
Lameness is a significant welfare concern for dairy farmers and a major contributing economic loss to the dairy industry. Information is limited on environmental and managerial risk factors associated with lameness in Australian dairy herds. The objective of this study was to explore and quantify the environmental and management risk factors associated with lameness in pasture-based dairy herds. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 63 pasture-based dairy herds between 2011 and 2014, where all lactating cows were locomotion scored (scale 1-4) during a single visit...
September 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
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