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Seung-Hee Kim, Jae-Yong Shim, Hye-Ree Lee, Ha-Young Na, Yong-Jae Lee
Leukaraiosis and a higher level of pulse pressure are well-recognized as associated with cardiovascular disease, vascular angiopathy, and geriatric syndrome. A cross-sectional study was conducted to examine the relation between pulse pressure and leukoaraiosis based on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans in the apparently healthy elderly (147 men aged 60-84 years and 89 women aged 60-82 years). The odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for leukoaraiosis were calculated using multivariate logistic regression analyses according to each quartile of pulse pressure...
January 2012: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
James F Meschia
Cohort studies show that having a positive family history of stroke increases the odds of having a stroke by approximately 30%. The heritability of stroke appears to be heterogeneous across ischemic stroke subtypes, with cardioembolic stroke being least heritable. The relative influence of stroke risk attenuates with age, but genetics does not cease to be relevant in later adulthood. Recent family history and twin studies suggest that genetic factors remain relevant even beyond the seventh decade of life. One of the challenges of gene discovery in stroke relates to the complexities of phenotype...
November 2004: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
R Hilker, A Thiel, C Geisen, J Rudolf
The primary antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (PAPS) has been described in patients with a history of fetal loss, thrombocytopenia and arterial or venous thrombosis. In PAPS, a prothrombotic state is mediated by antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs) leading to disseminated thromboembolic vascular occlusion. Today, the presence of aPLs in the serum is considered as a distinct risk factor for recurrent stroke in young adults. Some PAPS patients develop a multi-infarct-syndrome with a stepwise decline of higher cortical functions...
2000: Lupus
G Ransmayr
The article compares the diagnostic criteria of dementia (DSM-III-R; DSM-IV; ICD-10; NINCDS-ADRDA; CERAD), dementia of the Alzheimer type (DSM-III-R; DSM IV; ICD-10; NINCDS-ADRDA; CERAD) and vascular dementia (DSM-III-R; DSM IV; ICD-10; NINDS-AIREN and ADDTC). There are major differences with respect to the definition of dementia, minor differences with respect to the definition of DAT and major disagreement concerning the definition of vascular dementia resulting in significant variability in the prevalence of the respective disorders...
1998: Journal of Neural Transmission. Supplementum
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