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Hepatobiliary Scintigraphy

Stephen Thomas, Kayleen Jahangir
Clinical data such as history, physical examination, and laboratory tests are useful in identifying patients with biliary obstruction and biliary sources of infection. However, if intervention is planned, noninvasive imaging is needed to confirm the presence, location, and extent of the disease process. Currently, the most commonly available and used noninvasive modalities are ultrasound (US), computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance (MR), and nuclear medicine hepatobiliary scintigraphy (HIDA). US is quick, portable, readily available, and is commonly the first imaging modality used when biliary pathology is suspected...
December 2016: Seminars in Interventional Radiology
Pim B Olthof, Michal Heger, Krijn P van Lienden, Kora de Bruin, Roelof J Bennink, Thomas M van Gulik
BACKGROUND: Portal vein embolization is the gold standard approach to preoperatively enhance the future liver remnant before liver resection. Portal vein embolization is studied in several experimental animal models; however, clinical translation of results is often difficult. We aimed to examine the translational value of the portal vein embolization response in a standardized rabbit model by comparing the volume and function increase with the response seen in patients. METHODS: Six rabbits were subjected to embolization of the cranial liver lobes, and the hypertrophy response of the caudal liver lobe was studied using computed tomography volumetry and Technetium-99m-labeled-mebrofenin hepatobiliary scintigraphy...
October 18, 2016: Surgery
Limael E Rodriguez, Luis E Santaliz-Ruiz, Gabriel De La Torre-Bisot, Giovanni Gonzalez, Miguel A Serpa, Felipe Sanchez-Gaetan, Jorge L Martinez-Trabal, Julio A Peguero-Rivera, Guillermo Bolanos-Avila
BACKGROUND: We assess the performance of ultrasound (US) and hepatobiliary scintigraphy (HIDA) as confirmatory studies in acute cholecystitis (AC) and demonstrate our current imaging protocol's impact on outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Between January 2013 to July 2014, 117 patients were admitted through the emergency room with a preliminary diagnosis of AC. Overall, 106/117 (91%) of the patients received US preadmission and 34/117 (29%) received a HIDA post admission. Primary end points included: 1) diagnostic test reliability for AC, and 2) outcome and quality measures (time to surgery, LOS, costs, etc...
November 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Kasia P Cieslak, Roelof J Bennink, Wilmar de Graaf, Krijn P van Lienden, Marc G Besselink, Olivier R C Busch, Dirk J Gouma, Thomas M van Gulik
BACKGROUND: (99m)Tc-mebrofenin-hepatobiliary-scintigraphy (HBS) enables measurement of future remnant liver (FRL)-function and was implemented in our preoperative routine after calculation of the cut-off value for prediction of postoperative liver failure (LF). This study evaluates our results since the implementation of HBS. Additionally, CT-volumetric methods of FRL-assessment, standardized liver volumetry and FRL/body-weight ratio (FRL-BWR), were evaluated. METHODS: 163 patients who underwent major liver resection were included...
September 2016: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
Manuel Eckenschwiller, Hanns Ackermann, Wolf O Bechstein, Frank Grünwald
Background and Aims. Biliary complications are the most frequent complications after common liver surgeries. In this study, accuracy of hepatobiliary scintigraphy (HBS) and impact of hyperbilirubinemia were evaluated. Methods. Between November 2007 and February 2016, 131 patients underwent hepatobiliary scintigraphy after having liver surgery. 39 patients with 42 scans after LTX (n = 13) or hepatic resection (n = 26) were evaluated in the study; 27 were male, with mean age 60 years. The subjects underwent hepatobiliary scintigraphy with Tc-99m labeled Mebrofenin...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Imaging
Christina A LeBedis, David D B Bates, Jorge A Soto
Iatrogenic and traumatic bile leaks are uncommon. However, given the overall increase in number of hepatobiliary surgeries and the paradigm shift toward nonoperative management of patients with liver trauma, they have become more prevalent in recent years. Imaging is essential to establishing early diagnosis and guiding treatment as the clinical signs and symptoms of bile leaks are nonspecific, and a delay in recognition of bile leaks portends a high morbidity and mortality rate. Findings suspicious for a bile leak at computed tomography or ultrasonography include free or contained peri- or intrahepatic low density fluid in the setting of recent trauma or hepatobiliary surgery...
August 9, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
Kasia P Cieslak, Onno Baur, Joanne Verheij, Roelof J Bennink, Thomas M van Gulik
INTRODUCTION: Age itself is not considered a contraindication for high impact surgery. However, the aging process of the liver remains largely unknown. This study evaluates age-dependent changes in liver function using a quantitative liver function test. METHODS: Between January 2005 and December 2014, 508 patients underwent (99m)Tc-mebrofenin hepatobiliary scintigraphy (HBS) for the assessment of liver function. These included 203 patients with healthy livers (group A) and 57 patients with HCC and Child-Pugh A (group B)...
August 2016: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
Stéphanie Truant, Clio Baillet, Anne Claire Deshorgue, Emmanuelle Leteurtre, Mohamed Hebbar, Olivier Ernst, François-René Pruvot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 29, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Jane Maestri Brittain, Nina Kvist, Lars Søndergaard Johansen, Lise Borgwardt
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of (99m)Technetium-trimethylbromo-iminodiacetic acid hepatobiliary scintigraphy (HS) for the diagnosis of biliary atresia (BA). METHODS: From January 2005 to December 2009, a total of 47 infants with conjugated hyperbilirubinaemia (> 20 micromol/l total bilirubin of which 20% is conjugated) underwent HS. BA was suspected if no tracer was visualised in the gut 24 hours post-injection. The results of the HSs were compared with the gold standard, laparotomy with antegrade cholangiography findings...
August 2016: Danish Medical Journal
David Morland, Béatrice Digeon, Paul Lalire, Aline Carsin-Vu, Sébastien Dejust, Dimitri Papathanassiou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Martin de Santibañes, Fernando A Alvarez, Eduardo de Santibañes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Berardino De Bari, Raphael Jumeau, Letizia Deantonio, Salim Adib, Sarah Godin, Michele Zeverino, Raphael Moeckli, Jean Bourhis, John O Prior, Mahmut Ozsahin
We report the first known instance of the clinical use of 99mTc-mebrofenin hepatobiliary scintigraphy (HBS) for the optimization of radiotherapy treatment planning and for the follow-up of acute toxicity in a patient undergoing stereotactic body radiation therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma. In our experience, HBS allowed the identification and the sparing of more functioning liver areas, thus potentially reducing the risk of radiation-induced liver toxicity.
October 13, 2016: Tumori
Thiery Chapelle, Bart Op De Beeck, Ivan Huyghe, Sven Francque, Ann Driessen, Geert Roeyen, Dirk Ysebaert, Kathleen De Greef
INTRODUCTION: Posthepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) is a major complication after hepatectomy with a high mortality rate and is likely to happen in insufficient liver remnant. We hypothesize that assessment of the estimated future liver remnant function (eFLRF), combining future remnant liver volume (FLRV) with total liver function (TLF), is an accurate formula for prediction of PHLF. METHODS: 88 patients undergoing hepatectomy were included. The ratio of the future liver remnant volume (FLRV%) was measured on MRI...
June 2016: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
Michael T Corwin, Stephen Malutich, Edgardo S Salcedo, Ghaneh Fananapazir, John M Brock, John P McGahan
PURPOSE: This study aims to compare assessment of cystic duct patency between gadoxetate disodium MRI and hepatobiliary scintigraphy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective study of patients who underwent gadoxetate disodium MRI within 16 h of scintigraphy. RESULTS: The gallbladder filled on MRI and scintigraphy in 8 patients, none with acute cholecystitis. The mean time to gallbladder filling was 14.6 and 18.9 min for MRI and scintigraphy, respectively...
September 2016: Clinical Imaging
Wilson Salgado Júnior, Carlos Augusto de Mattos Donadelli, José Sebastião Dos Santos, Carla Barbosa Nonino
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which is improved by bariatric surgery. Hepatobiliary scintigraphy with 99m.-Tc diisopropylacetanilido iminodiacetic acid (99mTc-DISIDA) has proved to be highly effective for the assessment of bile flow, representing an indirect measurement of hepatocyte and cholangiocyte function. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) on bile flow in obese subjects by hepatobiliary scintigraphy...
April 19, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Nedim Hadžić, Henkjan J Verkade
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
M V Repin, V Yu Mikryukov, N M Pleshkova
OBJECTIVE: to diagnose and estimate the clinical value of postcholecystectomy sphincter of Oddi dysfunction in patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Examinations were made in 100 postcholecystectomy patients without signs of cholestasis; of them 14 postpapillotomy patients formed a comparison group. Hepatobiliary scintigraphy using the radiotracer 99mTC-bromeside was performed for 90 minutes with cholagogue breakfast at 45 minutes. Common bile duct and duodenal functions and duodenogastric reflux (DGR) were evaluated comparing them with clinical, laboratory, and instrumental findings...
November 2015: Vestnik Rentgenologii i Radiologii
Carrie M Schaefer, Richard B Towbin, David J Aria, Robin D Kaye
BACKGROUND: Acalculous cholecystitis is known to develop in critically ill patients without cystic duct obstruction. In the past, treatment for acalculous cholecystitis has been cholecystectomy; however, many children who are critically ill are Percutaneous cholecystostomy is likely the procedure of choice in this subgroup of patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and effectiveness of percutaneous cholecystostomy in critically ill and immune-compromised children with acalculous cholecystitis...
June 2016: Pediatric Radiology
Jane Maestri Brittain, Lise Borgwardt
Biliary atresia (BA) is an obliterative cholangiopathy affecting 1:10.000-14.000 of newborns. Infants with Biliary Atresia Splenic Malformation syndrome (BASM) are a subgroup of BA patients with additional congenital anomalies. Untreated the disease will result in fatal liver failure within the first years of life. Kasai portoenterostomy restores bile flow and delay the progressive liver damage thereby postponing liver transplantation. An early diagnosis is of most importance to ensure the effectiveness of the operation...
2016: Diagnostics
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