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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913863/-multifocal-intraocular-lens-miol-surgery-in-young-non-presbyopic-ametropes-reasonable-and-safe
#1
A Frings, J Steinberg, S J Linke, V Druchkiv, T Katz
BACKGROUND: Refractive lens exchange and implantation of a multifocal intraocular lens (MIOL) is mainly advised for ametropes with presbyopia. Non-presbyopic young ametropes who wish spectacle-independence are usually treated with corneal refractive surgery or phakic lenses. OBJECTIVES: This retrospective case series aimed to analyse the refractive and subjective satisfaction outcome after MIOL surgery in both eyes of non-presbyopic ametropes where other treatment options were not possible...
December 2, 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911421/-analysis-of-changes-in-central-macular-thickness-based-on-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-findings-in-retinal-vein-occlusion
#2
M V Budzinskaya, A V Shelankova, M A Mikhailova, A A Plyukhova, N M Nurieva, A V Fomin
AIM: To investigate the relationship between OCT angiography measurements and central fundus changes in patients with retinal vein occlusion (RVO). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study enrolled 21 RVO patients aged from 55 to 86 years (69.9±2.28 years), including 8 patients with ischemic central RVO (I-CRVO; 73.6±3.4 years on average) and 13 patients with branch RVO (BRVO; 67.6±3.0 years on average). Of the latter, 8 cases were ischemic (I-BRVO) and 5 non-ischemic (NI-BRVO)...
2016: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900092/primary-orbital-precursor-t-cell-lymphoblastic-lymphoma-report-of-a-unique-case
#3
Lisa Stenman, Marta Persson, Fredrik Enlund, Erik Clasen-Linde, Göran Stenman, Steffen Heegaard
Primary T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) in the eye region is very rare. The present study described a unique case of T-LBL involving the extraocular muscles. A 22-year-old male patient presented with a 3-week history of headache, reduced visual acuity and edema of the left eye. Clinical examination revealed left-sided exophthalmus, periorbital edema, chemosis, and reduced motility of the left eye. A magnetic resonance imaging scan revealed thickening of the left orbital muscles and a positron emission tomography-computed tomography scan also demonstrated activity in a subclavicular lymph node...
November 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893066/symptoms-and-satisfaction-of-patients-in-the-patient-reported-outcomes-with-laser-in-situ-keratomileusis-prowl-studies
#4
Malvina Eydelman, Gene Hilmantel, Michelle E Tarver, Elizabeth M Hofmeister, Jeanine May, Keri Hammel, Ron D Hays, Frederick Ferris
Importance: Patient-reported outcomes should be collected using validated questionnaires prior to and following laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) surgery. Objective: To report the frequency of patient-reported visual symptoms, dry eye symptoms, satisfaction with vision, and satisfaction with LASIK surgery in the Patient-Reported Outcomes With LASIK (PROWL) studies. Design, Setting, and Participants: The PROWL-1 and PROWL-2 studies were prospective, observational studies conducted from September 13, 2011, to June 27, 2014...
November 23, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888495/an-unusual-presentation-of-intraocular-tuberculosis-in-a-monocular-patient-clinicopathological-correlation
#5
Kanika Aggarwal, Aniruddha Agarwal, Shobha Sehgal, Suryaprakash Sharma, Nirbhai Singh, Kusum Sharma, Ramanuj Samanta, Alessandro Invernizzi, Aman Sharma, Vishali Gupta
BACKGROUND: Lack of uniform diagnostic criteria often poses a challenge in the diagnosis and management of tubercular uveitis. The index case describes an unusual presentation of tubercular panuveitis initially misdiagnosed as sympathetic ophthalmia, where the appropriate diagnosis was made using various imaging and laboratory investigations. RESULTS: A 52-year-old Indian woman underwent multimodal imaging, extensive clinical and laboratory work-up, and analysis of microbiological and histopathological specimens...
December 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876588/predicting-subsequent-high-frequency-low-acuity-utilization-of-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#6
Margaret E Samuels-Kalow, Matthew W Bryan, Kathy N Shaw
OBJECTIVE: To derive and test a predictive model for high-frequency (>= four visits/year), low-acuity (Emergency Severity Index 4 or 5) utilization of the pediatric emergency department. METHODS: The study sample used three years of data (2012-14) from a single tertiary care children's hospital for patients <21 years of age. Utilization in 2013 defined the index visit; prior utilization was drawn from 2012; and 2014 was used for outcome measurement. Candidate predictor variables were those that would be available at the time of triage...
November 19, 2016: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852582/association-between-oct-based-microangiography-perfusion-indices-and-diabetic-retinopathy-severity
#7
Alexander D Lin, Aaron Y Lee, Qinqin Zhang, Kasra A Rezaei, James Kinyoun, Ruikang K Wang, Cecilia S Lee
AIM: To evaluate the association between retinal capillary non-perfusion and diabetic retinopathy (DR) severity using optical coherence tomography-based microangiography (OMAG). METHODS: 33 patients (51 eyes) with a history of diabetes underwent imaging with a 68 kHz Cirrus-5000 spectral domain OMAG prototype. Demographic and clinical characteristics were collected. The perfusion index (PI) was defined as per cent coverage of area by retinal vessels with flow, measured within a minimum of 6...
November 15, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843240/choroidal-melanoma-masquerading-as-multifocal-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#8
Pukhraj Rishi, Ramya Appanraj, Tarun Sharma
A 56 year-old-male presented with diminution of vision in right eye of 2 months duration. His best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 20/25. Anterior segment examination was bilaterally normal. Right fundus revealed oval, raised, pigmented lesion in superotemporal quadrant with subfoveal fluid. Fundus fluroscein angiography (FFA) showed multiple pinpoint leakages. Acoustic hollowing on ultrasound (USG) was typical of choroidal melanoma. A high index of suspicion is required for the diagnosis of small choroidal melanoma that could present with multiple focal leaks and subretinal fluid simulating multifocal central serous retinopathy (CSR)...
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843086/measurement-of-visual-function-among-patients-undergoing-corneal-transplantation-using-the-vf-14-index-in-morocco
#9
S Belghmaidi, L Adarmouch, M Baali, M Sebbani, I Hajji, M Amine, A Moutaouakil
OBJECTIVE: To validate the Moroccan version of the VF-14 in candidates for keratoplasty and to assess their quality of life using this tool before and after transplantation. METHODS: This is a longitudinal prospective study that assessed 57 patients who underwent penetrating keratoplasty, recruited in the ophthalmology service in Marrakech over 5 years. The original VF-14 questionnaire was adapted into Moroccan dialect. The questionnaire was administered before and 2 years after transplantation...
November 11, 2016: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835712/activity-limitation-in-glaucoma-objective-assessment-by-the-cambridge-glaucoma-visual-function-test
#10
Simon E Skalicky, Colm McAlinden, Tasneem Khatib, Louise May Anthony, Sing Yue Sim, Keith R Martin, Ivan Goldberg, Peter McCluskey
Purpose: We design and evaluate a computer-based objective simulation of activity limitation related to glaucoma. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed involving 70 glaucoma patients and 14 controls. Mean age was 69.0 ± 10.2 years; 49 (58.3%) were male. The Cambridge Glaucoma Visual Function Test (CGVFT) was administered to all participants. Rasch analysis and criterion, convergent, and divergent validity tests assessed the psychometric properties of the CGVFT...
November 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834467/relation-of-anthropometric-measurements-to-ocular-biometric-changes-and-refractive-error-in-children-with-thalassemia
#11
Rania S Elkitkat, Amany A El-Shazly, Weam M Ebeid, Marwa R Deghedy
PURPOSE: To evaluate and correlate anthropometric, biometric, and refractive error changes in thalassemia major (TM). METHODS: One hundred children with TM and another hundred healthy controls were recruited. Height, weight, body mass index (BMI), and occipitofrontal circumference (OFC) were the anthropometric parameters recorded. Full ophthalmologic examination was performed, including best-corrected visual acuity, cycloplegic refraction, slit-lamp examination, Goldmann applanation tonometry, indirect ophthalmoscopy, keratometry (K readings), and ocular biometry...
November 5, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830878/rostro-dorsal-and-rostro-lateral-skull-morphologic-variability-in-three-age-groups-of-the-egyptian-mongoose-herpestes-ichneumon-linnaeus-1758-implications-of-certain-orbital-parameters-angular-geometric-approach
#12
Michael Oluwale Samuel, Nathaniel Wanmi, Levi Usende
This study evaluated thirty skulls of the grey mongoose divided into three age groups (six pups, ten juveniles and fourteen adults) for skull shape variability determination. Specific geometric shapes were drawn from defined points. Angular geometric measurements of shapes derived from rostro-dorsal and rostro-lateral parts of the skull includes; orbital angles (with and without the mandible), comprising of viscero-cranium, skull and orbital index was calculated to evaluate the correlations if any, with angles measured...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816006/green-spaces-and-spectacles-use-in-schoolchildren-in-barcelona
#13
Payam Dadvand, Jordi Sunyer, Mar Alvarez-Pedrerol, Albert Dalmau-Bueno, Mikel Esnaola, Mireia Gascon, Montserrat De Castro Pascual, Xavier Basagaña, Ian G Morgan, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen
Myopia is one of the major causes of low visual acuity during childhood, and hence of the need for spectacles. It is generally more prevalent in urban areas where children are often less exposed to green spaces than in rural areas. This study evaluated the association between exposure to green space and use of spectacles (as a surrogate measure for myopia) in a cohort of 2727 schoolchildren (7-10 years old) recruited from 39 primary schools in Barcelona (2012-2015). We assessed exposure to green spaces by characterizing outdoor surrounding greenness at home and school and during commuting using satellite data on greenness (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index)...
January 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815703/development-of-an-activity-disease-score-in-patients-with-uveitis-uvedai
#14
Esperanza Pato, Mª Auxiliadora Martin-Martinez, Adela Castelló, Rosalía Méndez-Fernandez, Santiago Muñoz-Fernández, Miguel Cordero-Coma, Lucia Martinez-Costa, Elia Valls, Miguel Reyes, Félix Francisco, Mar Esteban, Alex Fonollosa, Fernando Sanchez-Alonso, Cruz Fernández-Espartero, Teresa Diaz-Valle, José Miguel Carrasco, Emma Beltran-Catalán, Marisa Hernández-Garfella, María Victoria Hernández, Laura Pelegrin, Ricardo Blanco, David Diaz-Valle
To develop a disease activity index for patients with uveitis (UVEDAI) encompassing the relevant domains of disease activity considered important among experts in this field. The steps for designing UVEDAI were: (a) Defining the construct and establishing the domains through a formal judgment of experts, (b) A two-round Delphi study with a panel of 15 experts to determine the relevant items, (c) Selection of items: A logistic regression model was developed that set ocular inflammatory activity as the dependent variable...
November 4, 2016: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806493/proprioception-of-knee-joint-in-athletes-and-non-athletes-obese
#15
Hajar Moravveji, Ali Ghanbari, Fahimeh Kamali
BACKGROUND: Proprioception plays an integral role in the neuromotor control of the knee joint. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship of knee joint proprioception deficit and regular exercise activities with obesity. MATERIALS & METHODS: In this case control study, we had 60 participants, aged 18 to 35 in four groups (15 athletes obese; 15 athletes with normal weight; 15 non-athletes obese; 15 non-athletes with normal weight). The average Body Mass Index for the obese groups was 33...
July 27, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803862/clinical-research-of-fenofibrate-and-spironolactone-for-acute-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#16
Yong Chai, Rong-Qiang Liu, Jing-Lin Yi, Ling-Hong Ye, Jing Zou, Nan Jiang, Yi Shao
AIM: To compare the effectiveness of combined fenofibrate and spironolactone with fenofibrate alone for treatment of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR). METHODS: Totally 60 patients (60 eyes) with a history of acute CSCR were randomed into two groups: group A with combination of fenofibrate (200 mg) and spironolactone (100 mg), and group B with only fenofibrate (200 mg). They were taken half an hour before meals and once per day for 8wk. The changes of the visual acuity, subjective symptom, ocular surface disease index (OSDI), the tear film and optical coherence tomography were observed at 2, 4, 6, and 8wk before and after treatment...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792073/the-triage-interruptions-assessment-tool-an-instrument-development
#17
Kimberly D Johnson, Gordon L Gillespie, Kimberly Vance
Interruptions contribute to catastrophic errors in health care. Interruptions are breaks in the performance of a human activity initiated by a source internal or external to the recipient. Errors during the initial triage assessment can lead to errors in estimating the acuity of a patient and resources required for appropriate care. To advance the science, a valid and reliable instrument to measure this phenomenon is required. The purpose of this mixed-methods/exploratory sequential study was to develop an instrument sensitive to the uniqueness of the triage assessment that would categorize and measure the number and causes of triage interruptions...
October 2016: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791272/evaluation-of-the-predictors-of-readmission-in-korean-patients-with-heart-failure
#18
J E Chung, E Noh, H S Gwak
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Various factors contribute to the high rate of readmission among patients hospitalized with heart failure (HF). Determination of these factors is fundamental to identify potential targets for intervention in hospitalized patients. METHODS: The retrospective cohort study used a large national insurance database to identify episodes of HF. Clinical information up to 12 months from the index hospitalization was obtained. Depending on their outcome, eligible patients were classified into a 30-day readmission group after discharge or a non-readmission group...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785698/association-between-falls-and-brain-subvolumes-results-from-a-cross-sectional-analysis-in-healthy-older-adults
#19
Olivier Beauchet, Cyrille P Launay, John Barden, Teresa Liu-Ambrose, Victoria L Chester, Tony Szturm, Sébastien Grenier, Guillaume Léonard, Louis Bherer, Cédric Annweiler, Jorunn L Helbostad, Joe Verghese, Gilles Allali
Falls are a consequence of gait instability. Cortical and subcortical abnormalities have been associated with gait instability but not yet with falls. This study aims to compare the global and regional brain subvolumes between healthy older fallers and non-fallers. A total of 77 healthy older individuals (23 fallers and 54 non-fallers, 69.8 ± 3.5 years; 45.5 % female) were included in this study using a cross-sectional design. Based on an a priori hypothesis, the following brain subvolumes were quantified from three-dimensional T1-weighted MRI using FreeSurfer software: total white matter abnormalities, total white matter, total cortical and subcortical gray matter, hippocampus, motor cortex, somatosensory cortex, premotor cortex, prefrontal cortex and parietal cortex volumes...
October 26, 2016: Brain Topography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784982/assessment-of-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-visual-impairments-using-a-new-visual-function-questionnaire-the-vfq-j11
#20
Tadashi Nakano, Motoko Kawashima, Yoshimune Hiratsuka, Hiroshi Tamura, Koichi Ono, Akira Murakami, Kazuo Tsubota, Masakazu Yamada
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to assess the vision-related quality of life (QOL) of visually impaired patients using the Japanese 11-item National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (VFQ-J11). Comparisons with the 25-item version (VFQ-25) and the EuroQoL Index using a large group of patients with various degrees of impairments and various causative diseases were performed. METHODS: A total of 232 visually impaired Japanese patients were recruited from six ophthalmology departments in Japan...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
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