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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905673/single-versus-multiple-visits-for-endodontic-treatment-of-permanent-teeth
#1
REVIEW
Maddalena Manfredi, Lara Figini, Massimo Gagliani, Giovanni Lodi
BACKGROUND: Root canal treatment (RoCT), or endodontic treatment, is a common procedure in dentistry. The main indications for RoCT are irreversible pulpitis and necrosis of the dental pulp caused by carious processes, tooth cracks or chips, or dental trauma. Successful RoCT is characterised by an absence of symptoms (i.e. pain) and clinical signs (i.e. swelling and sinus tract) in teeth without radiographic evidence of periodontal involvement (i.e. normal periodontal ligament). The success of RoCT depends on a number of variables related to the preoperative condition of the tooth, as well as the endodontic procedures...
December 1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843351/orthodontic-treatment-need-among-young-saudis-attending-public-versus-private-dental-practices-in-riyadh
#2
Asma M Al-Jobair, Laila F Baidas, Anfal A Al-Hamid, Sara G Al-Qahtani, Amani T Al-Najjar, Huda M Al-Kawari
OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare the severity of malocclusion and orthodontic treatment need among young Saudis receiving free treatment at public dental practices versus those paying for treatment at private practices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated the records of 300 patients (179 females, 121 males; age 13-21 years) treated at orthodontic clinics from 2013 through 2015. The public sample was selected from orthodontic clinics at the College of Dentistry, King Saud University (KSU); the private sample was selected from five private orthodontic clinics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
2016: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806535/identification-of-medical-students-learning-styles-in-terms-of-gender
#3
Mahnaz Shahrki Pour, Gholamreza Ghoreishinia, Sadegh Zare, Azizollah Arbabisarjou
INTRODUCTION: Every amazing human development in the modern world is resulted from learning; therefore, teaching and learning improvement are the bases of all activities. There is a wide-range of factors affecting learning and the identification of these factors is very important in fixing problems and deficiencies in educational systems. Among the factors contributing to academic achievement are the consideration of students' differences and identification of their learning styles. Accordingly, the present study was conducted to identify medical students' learning styles in terms of gender...
August 4, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797628/working-together-using-a-unique-approach-to-evaluate-an-interactive-and-clinic-based-longitudinal-interprofessional-education-experience-with-13-professions
#4
Britta M Thompson, Dale W Bratzler, Mark J Fisher, Amie Torres, Epic Faculty, Rhonda A Sparks
Interprofessional education (IPE) involving an interactive and longitudinal clinic experience at an inner-city charitable clinic from September to May 2013/2014 was evaluated. Pre-, mid-, and post-intervention data were collected from students in 13 different professions including medicine (medical and physician assistant), dentistry (dental and dental hygiene), nursing (undergraduate and clinical nurse specialist), public health, pharmacy, physical therapy, occupational therapy, nutritional sciences, speech and language pathology, and social work...
November 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769235/health-professions-students-have-an-alarming-prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-exploration-of-the-associated-factors
#5
Eiad AlFaris, Farhana Irfan, Riaz Qureshi, Naghma Naeem, Abdulaziz Alshomrani, Gominda Ponnamperuma, Nada Al Yousufi, Nasr Al Maflehi, Mohammad Al Naami, Amr Jamal, Cees van der Vleuten
BACKGROUND: There is a need to better understand the depression phenomenon and to clarify why some students become depressed and others don't. The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of depressive symptoms among health professions' (HP) students, and to explore the association between socio-demographic factors (e.g. year of study, discipline, gender) and depressive symptoms. METHODS: In this descriptive-analytic, cross-sectional study, stratified proportionate sampling strategy was used to select the study sample during the academic year 2012-2013...
October 21, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767131/the-healthcare-system-and-the-provision-of-oral-healthcare-in-european-union-member-states-part-6-poland
#6
K Malkiewicz, E Malkiewicz, K A Eaton, E Widström
Poland is one of the largest European countries in terms of area and population. The country's economic situation does not allow for the allocation of sufficient public funds for healthcare in general and oral healthcare in particular. The health policy of the state focuses primarily on prophylaxis and treatment of diseases, directly threatening the health and lives of the inhabitants. Currently, expenditure on oral health accounts for only 2.7% of the public funds allocated to healthcare. In this context, providing oral care financed from public funds at an appropriate level constitutes a challenge for state institutions, centres providing medical and dental services and private practices...
October 21, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767108/a-systematic-appraisal-of-the-evidence-based-dentistry-journal
#7
Nikisha Mehta, Zoe Marshman
BackgroundThis systematic appraisal was conducted to determine if the Evidence-Based Dentistry Journal (EBDJ) acts as a reliable and contemporary source of knowledge for practitioners across all disciplines within dentistry.ObjectivesThe main objectives were to determine i) the year the articles were published and included in the EBDJ; ii) if the articles published covered all fields equally within dentistry; iii) the type of study design of the articles reported in the journal and; iv) the level of expertise of the writers of the commentaries...
September 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671962/policy-development-fosters-collaborative-practice-the-example-of-the-minamata-convention-on-mercury
#8
REVIEW
Daniel M Meyer, Linda M Kaste, Kathy M Lituri, Scott Tomar, Christopher H Fox, Poul Erik Petersen
This article provides an example of interprofessional collaboration for policy development regarding environmental global health vis-à-vis the Minamata Convention on Mercury. It presents an overview of mercury and mercury-related environmental health issues; public policy processes and stakeholders; and specifics including organized dentistry's efforts to create global policy to restrict environmental contamination by mercury. Dentistry must participate in interprofessional collaborations and build on such experiences to be optimally placed for ongoing interprofessional policy development...
October 2016: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652246/perception-of-dental-public-health-competency-among-recent-graduates
#9
Ridhima B Gaunkar, Puttaswamy Basavarajappa, Syed A Raheel, Omar B Kujan
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess how competent the recent dental graduates perceive themselves to be in Dental Public Health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 21-item structured, close-ended questionnaire study was carried out at the KLEVK Institute of Dental Sciences, Belgaum, India. Students assessed their competencies using a three-point ordinal scale. One hundred and thirty-three students were asked to rate their proficiency on a 21-item matrix of the dental public health program...
August 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585729/a-short-profile-of-hypnotherapy-licensure-in-israel
#10
Binyamin Binyaminy, Eric J Haas
In Israel, only physicians, dentists, and psychologists who complete an accredited licensing process may practice hypnosis. This study examines the characteristics of hypnotherapists compared to nonhypnotherapists in the same discipline. All hypnotherapists in Israel were compared to nonhypnotherapist health professionals. There are more subspecialists among hypnotists, and the most common specialties were psychiatry, pediatric dentistry, and clinical psychology. These findings imply self-sorting of hypnotists as a result of the regulation in Israel...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506000/a-review-of-occupationally-linked-suicide-for-dentists
#11
REVIEW
L M Jones, R Cotter, K M Birch
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Suicide rates among dentists and a perceived elevated risk for suicide have been debated in the academic literature. It has filtered into the public psyche that dentists have the highest suicide rate of any occupation. The present review seeks support for both protagonist and antagonist positions from multidisciplinary perspectives. Contemporary risk factors and strategies for intervention and the prevention of suicide in dentistry are explored. METHODS: An online database search for articles and reports, with selected target words, was conducted for peer reviewed publications on suicide in the dental profession, and for factors contributing to dentist suicide...
June 2016: New Zealand Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501487/geriatric-periodontology-how-the-need-to-care-for-the-aging-population-can-influence-the-future-of-the-dental-profession
#12
REVIEW
Ira B Lamster
The world's population is aging, and it has been estimated that by 2050, the number of people 65 years of age and older will reach 1.5 billion. The aging population will be affected by noncommunicable chronic diseases, including diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease and cognitive impairment. This important demographic shift includes a reduction in tooth loss/edentulism, particularly in older adults of the developed countries in North America, western Europe and north-east Asia. Therefore, in the future, dental providers will be required to care for an expanded number of older adults who have retained teeth and are medically complex...
October 2016: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501304/preoperative-analgesics-for-additional-pain-relief-in-children-and-adolescents-having-dental-treatment
#13
REVIEW
Paul F Ashley, Susan Parekh, David R Moles, Prabhleen Anand, Laura C I MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Fear of dental pain is a major barrier to treatment for children who need dental care. The use of preoperative analgesics has the potential to reduce postoperative discomfort and intraoperative pain. We reviewed the available evidence to determine whether further research is warranted and to inform the development of prescribing guidelines. This is an update of a Cochrane review published in 2012. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of preoperative analgesics for intraoperative or postoperative pain relief (or both) in children and adolescents undergoing dental treatment without general anaesthesia or sedation...
August 8, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492786/variability-between-credit-units-dedicated-to-dental-and-clinical-sciences-in-dental-schools-across-the-usa
#14
Romesh P Nalliah, Michael S Forman, Sydnee E Chavis, Peggy Timothé
PURPOSE: The Commission of Dental Accreditation (CODA) does not set minimum standards for clock hours of training in Dental and Clinical sciences. The purpose of this evaluation was to compare United States (US) dental schools for variability in clock hours. The current paper utilizes the American Dental Association's survey of clock hours of all US dental schools which is publicly available data. Clock hours survey from 2010 to 2011 was utilized and the analysis tool, JMP, was utilized to visualize and report variability...
August 4, 2016: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449835/clinical-trials-in-dentistry-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-world-health-organization-international-clinical-trial-registry-platform
#15
Gowri Sivaramakrishnan, Kannan Sridharan
INTRODUCTION: Clinical trials are the back bone for evidence-based practice (EBP) and recently EBP has been considered the best source of treatment strategies available. Clinical trial registries serve as databases of clinical trials. As regards to dentistry in specific data on the number of clinical trials and their quality is lacking. Hence, the present study was envisaged. METHOD: Clinical trials registered in WHO-ICTRP (http://apps.who.int/trialsearch/AdvSearch...
June 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434614/determination-of-nurses-mental-workloads-using-subjective-methods
#16
Betül Sönmez, Zeynep Oğuz, Leman Kutlu, Aytolan Yıldırım
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To adapt the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Task Load Index scale into Turkish, to determine the nurses' mental workload using subjective methods and to identify the factors affecting the mental workloads of nurses. BACKGROUND: As the concept of safety gains prominence in healthcare services, the determination of employees' mental workloads using subjective methods is considered important in preventing errors caused by employees...
July 19, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401382/-reality-and-challenges-of-the-oral-health-for-older-adults-in-chile-and-the-role-of-a-new-discipline-geriatric-dentistry
#17
Soraya León, Rodrigo A Giacaman
Chile is experiencing one of the fastest aging processes in Latin America. The implications derived from this phenomenon involve many aspects of the society, especially health care. In particular, insufficient oral health coverage in the country limits oral care provision for a population with a high prevalence and severity of oral diseases. These conditions include dental caries, periodontal disease, tooth loss, defective prostheses, oral mucosa lesions and xerostomia, among others, and strongly affect quality of life of the elderly population...
April 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391284/changes-in-division-of-labour-and-tasks-within-public-dentistry-relationship-to-employees-work-demands-health-and-work-ability
#18
Bo Rolander, Charlotte Wåhlin, Venerina Johnston, Petra Wagman, Ulrika Lindmark
OBJECTIVE: By 2023, fewer dentists are expected in Sweden, at the same time as the demand for dental care is expected to increase. Older people, in particular, are expected to require more dental health than previous generations. To meet this demand, the public sector dentistry in Sweden is moving towards changes in division of labour among dental professionals, including dentists, dental hygienists and dental nurses. However, the impact of this reallocation on the physical and psychosocial wellbeing of employees is unknown...
August 2016: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385582/occupational-balance-in-health-professionals-in-sweden
#19
Petra Wagman, Ulrika Lindmark, Bo Rolander, Charlotte Wåhlin, Carita Håkansson
BACKGROUND: Health care employees are often women, a group that has high degrees of sick leave and perhaps problems attaining occupational balance. However, people think differently about their everyday activities and it is therefore important to take their perceptions into account but occupational balance has not yet been measured in health professionals. The aim was to describe occupational balance in three different samples of health professionals in Sweden. A further aim was to investigate whether occupational therapists (OTs) rate their occupational balance differently from other health professionals...
July 6, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384271/analysis-of-service-learning-activities-adopted-in-health-courses-of-federal-university-of-bahia
#20
Aline Silva Baldoino, Renata Meira Veras
is study aimed to raise and discuss the data about the integration of health courses teaching and service activities o ered at the Federal University of Bahia (UFBA), pre- senting scenarios practices and major di culties existing in the relationship between the university and the services of health. is was a qualitative study of descriptive explo- ratory character, using a questionnaire as a research tool applied to the coordinators of selected health courses. e selection was by reading the political pedagogical project, the following courses were selected: nursing, physical therapy, speech therapy, medicine, nu- trition, dentistry and public health...
June 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
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