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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751605/oral-health-care-in-hong-kong
#1
REVIEW
Sherry Shiqian Gao, Kitty Jieyi Chen, Duangporn Duangthip, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
Hong Kong, as a special administrative region of the People’s Republic of China, is a metropolitan city in Asia with a population of approximately 7.4 million. This paper reflects the oral health care situation in Hong Kong. Water fluoridation was introduced in 1961 as the primary strategy for the prevention of dental caries. The fluoride level is currently 0.5 parts per million. Dental care is mainly provided by private dentists. The government’s dentists primarily serve civil servants and their dependents, with limited emergency dental service for pain relief offered to the general public...
May 11, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736657/association-between-oral-mucosal-lesions-and-crack-and-cocaine-addiction-in-men-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Patricia Ramos Cury, Nara Santos Araujo, Maria das Graças Alonso Oliveira, Jean Nunes Dos Santos
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions (OMLs) and their association with crack/cocaine addiction in men. Clinical oral examination was performed in 161 adult male patients at the School of Dentistry of the Federal University of Bahia, Brazil. Crack/cocaine addiction was determined from the medical records, and all drug-addicted individuals used both crack and cocaine. All participants (40 crack/cocaine-addicted men and 121 non-addicted men) underwent a systematic evaluation of the lips, labial mucosa, commissures, buccal mucosa and sulcus, gingiva and alveolar ridge, tongue, floor of the mouth, and soft and hard palate by a single examiner...
May 8, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724555/understanding-and-communicating-radiation-dose-and-risk-from-cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-dentistry
#3
REVIEW
Jill Weber Aanenson, John E Till, Helen A Grogan
With the increased use of 3-dimensional dental imaging and cone beam computed tomography in dentistry, dental practitioners should understand and effectively communicate the associated radiation doses and risks to patients. This article will explain dose and risk of cone beam computed tomography technology, drawing on 3 decades of experience in communicating human health risk to the public from radiation exposure in the environment. This report provides examples of dose and risk metrics and comparisons to help providers understand the risk to their patients and to effectively communicate that risk...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719402/compounding-medications-in-a-rural-setting-an-interprofessional-perspective
#4
Selina Taylor, Catherine Hays, Beverley Glass
Background: Interprofessional learning (IPL) which focuses on the pharmacist's role in specialty practices as part of a multidisciplinary health care team has not been explored. This study aimed to determine health care students' understanding of the role of the pharmacist in compounding medications to optimize health outcomes for patients in rural and remote health care services. Methods: Four workshops followed by focus group interviews were conducted with undergraduate pharmacy, medical, nursing, physiotherapy, dentistry, Aboriginal public health, and speech pathology students (n=15)...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714490/efficacy-of-ketamine-in-pediatric-sedation-dentistry-a-systematic-review
#5
Samuel Oh, Karl Kingsley
BACKGROUND: Ketamine has been used as a safe and effective sedative to treat adults and children exhibiting high levels of anxiety or fear during dental treatment. Pediatric dentistry often involves patients with high levels of anxiety and fear and possibly few positive dental experiences. Patient management can involve behavioral approaches, as well as the use of sedation or general anesthesia with a variety of agents, including midazolam, diazepam, hydroxyzine, meperidine, and ketamine...
May 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617686/trend-analysis-of-studies-on-water-fluoridation-related-to-dental-caries-in-pubmed
#6
Hyo-Jung Oh, Hyeon-Mi Choi, Chonghyuck Kim, Jae-Gyu Jeon
Water fluoridation has been cited as one of the top 10 public health achievements of the 20th century. Herein, we analyzed water fluoridation articles related to dental caries published in PubMed between 1950 and 2016 using informetrics and linguistic methods to investigate trends in the studies. To this aim, queries such as "dental caries and (water fluoridation or fluoridated water)," "dental caries and (fluoride or fluoridation)," and "dental caries" were submitted to PubMed to retrieve information about articles on water fluoridation within the area of dental caries and fluoride - their titles, abstracts, publication dates, author affiliations, and publication journals...
April 4, 2018: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608864/structural-determinants-and-children-s-oral-health-a-cross-national-study
#7
S R Baker, L Foster Page, W M Thomson, T Broomhead, K Bekes, P E Benson, F Aguilar-Diaz, L Do, C Hirsch, Z Marshman, C McGrath, A Mohamed, P G Robinson, J Traebert, B Turton, B J Gibson
Much research on children's oral health has focused on proximal determinants at the expense of distal (upstream) factors. Yet, such upstream factors-the so-called structural determinants of health-play a crucial role. Children's lives, and in turn their health, are shaped by politics, economic forces, and social and public policies. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between children's clinical (number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth) and self-reported oral health (oral health-related quality of life) and 4 key structural determinants (governance, macroeconomic policy, public policy, and social policy) as outlined in the World Health Organization's Commission for Social Determinants of Health framework...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578417/relationship-between-general-health-oral-health-and-healthy-lifestyle-in-elderly-population-review
#8
S Puturidze, M Margvelashvili, L Bilder, M Kalandadze, V Margvelashvili
This literature review aims to investigate how a poor oral health impacts on general health and healthy lifestyle of elderly people. The literature review was performed using ScienceDirect, Scopus and PubMed databases to identify relevant published studies. The year of publication was limited to over the past 5 years and the language was limited to English. Having considered the relevant articles' abstracts the 36 articles were selected. Systematical literature revision shows that recently, the older population has increased worldwide and it is being predicted to keep growing in near future...
February 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537465/interprofessional-primary-care-course-curriculum-and-evaluation
#9
William R Phillips, Toby Keys
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Primary care (PC) requires interprofessional teamwork and training. Although clinical training in PC settings is well developed in some professions, classroom teaching on the principles and practice of PC provides additional opportunities for interprofessional education. METHODS: We offered an elective one-credit classroom course on PC over 3 years, 2013 through 2015, enrolling students from dentistry, medicine, nursing, pharmacy, physician assistant, public health, social work, and other fields...
March 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480502/dental-treatment-and-caries-prevention-preceding-treatment-under-general-anaesthesia-in-healthy-children-and-adolescents-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#10
M Grindefjord, J Persson, L Jansson, G Tsilingaridis
AIM: This was to examine healthy children and adolescents treated under general anaesthesia (GA) and a matched control group not receiving GA to compare treatment and preventive care received prior to GA treatment. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 71 healthy subjects and 213 age- and gender-matched control subjects. The treatment group had been consecutively referred from the Public Dental Health Service (PDS) in Stockholm to the Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Eastman Institute, Stockholm during 2006-2007...
April 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478461/a-public-health-perspective-on-paying-for-dentistry-the-affordable-care-act-and-looking-to-the-future
#11
REVIEW
Burton L Edelstein
Health care costs have traditionally been provider generated whereas payment has been split between public and private sources. There has been little pressure on health care providers to demonstrate value. The quest for value in health care financing is now widely evident as demonstrated by governmental and private sector pursuits of a 3-part aim: better health outcomes at lower cost with improved patient and population experience. Value-based approaches involve payment innovation with its attendant constraints and opportunities for innovation...
April 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478458/role-of-dentists-in-prescribing-opioid-analgesics-and-antibiotics-an-overview
#12
REVIEW
Ralph Dana, Amir Azarpazhooh, Nima Laghapour, Katie J Suda, Christopher Okunseri
Opioid analgesics and antibiotics prescribed by dentists is a useful and cost-effective measure when prescribed appropriately. Common dental conditions are best managed by extracting the offending tooth, restoring the tooth with an appropriate filling material, performing root canal therapy, and/or fabricating a prosthesis for the edentulous space. Unnecessary prescription of opioid analgesics and antibiotics to treat dental pain and bacterial infection is a growing public health concern. This article highlights the state of the literature on opioid analgesic and antibiotic prescribing practices in dentistry, the impact of opioid analgesic overdose, and prevention strategies to reduce opioid analgesics and antibiotic overprescription...
April 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478451/dental-public-health-practice-infrastructure-and-workforce-in-the-united-states
#13
REVIEW
Astha Singhal, Susan C McKernan, Woosung Sohn
Dental public health is a unique specialty of dentistry that focuses on prevention of oral diseases among populations rather than individual patients. It encompasses several complementary disciplines and greatly varies in its functions and activities. Several federal, state, local, and nonpublic entities operationalize the mission of dental public health to improve population oral health through a diverse and vibrant workforce.
April 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446269/a-self-report-joint-damage-and-musculoskeletal-disorders-data-among-dentists-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Luiz C de Jesus Júnior, Tamara K Tedesco, Mary C Macedo, Carlos M Agra, Anna C Mello-Moura, Susana Morimoto
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are an occupational health problem that demands a high cost and may also reduce the quality of life and productivity of the dentists. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of MSD and its association with self-reported joint damage in dentists from São Paulo (Brazil). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study performed from two self-administered questionnaires - the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire and the other containing demographic and occupational data - in 6072 dentists...
April 2018: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407263/comparison-of-the-readiness-for-interprofessional-learning-and-the-rate-of-contact-among-students-from-nine-different-healthcare-courses
#15
Vítor Falcão de Oliveira, Mariana Fonseca Bittencourt, Ícaro França Navarro Pinto, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Oscarina da Silva Ezequiel, Giancarlo Lucchetti
BACKGROUND: Despite the growth in the interprofessional literature, there are still few studies that have evaluated the differences among courses and periods in relation to Readiness for Interprofessional Learning. Likewise, the relationship between the influences of contact among students from different professions is still controversial. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether greater contact among students from diverse health courses could be associated with improved Readiness for Interprofessional Learning (RIPLS) at the undergraduate level and to compare the RIPLS among healthcare courses, analyzing differences among courses and periods of their academic training...
April 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381272/impact-of-stress-on-dentists-clinical-performance-a-systematic-review
#16
A Plessas, M B Delgado, M Nasser, Y Hanoch, D R Moles
INTRODUCTION: Dentistry is recognised as a stressful profession and dentists perceive their profession to be more stressful than other healthcare professions. While earlier studies have shown a link between stress and well-being among dentists, whether stress negatively impacts their clinical performance is an important and open question. We do know, however, that stress is associated with reduced performance in other health (and non-health) related professions. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to answer the question: how does stress impact on dentists' clinical performance? METHODS: This systematic review was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42016045756)...
March 1, 2018: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374403/detection-of-carious-lesions-utilizing-depolarization-imaging-by-polarization-sensitive-optical-coherence-tomography
#17
Jonas Golde, Florian Tetschke, Julia Walther, Tobias Rosenauer, Franz Hempel, Christian Hannig, Edmund Koch, Lars Kirsten
As dental caries is one of the most common diseases, the early and noninvasive detection of carious lesions plays an important role in public health care. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) with its ability of depth-resolved, high-resolution, noninvasive, fast imaging has been previously recognized as a promising tool in dentistry. Additionally, polarization sensitive imaging provides quantitative measures on the birefringent tissue properties and can be utilized for imaging dental tissue, especially enamel and dentin...
January 2018: Journal of Biomedical Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358432/longitudinal-impact-of-interprofessional-education-on-attitudes-skills-and-career-trajectories-a-protocol-for-a-quasi-experimental-study-in-new-zealand
#18
Ben Darlow, Melanie Brown, Peter Gallagher, Lesley Gray, Eileen McKinlay, Gordon Purdie, Christine Wilson, Sue Pullon
INTRODUCTION: Interprofessional practice is recognised as an important element of safe and effective healthcare. However, few studies exist that evaluate how preregistration education contributes to interprofessional competencies, and how these competencies develop throughout the early years of a health professional's career. This quasiexperimental study will gather longitudinal data during students' last year of preregistration training and their first 3 years of professional practice to evaluate the ongoing development of interprofessional competencies and the influence that preregistration education including an explicit interprofessional education (IPE) programme may have on these...
January 21, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326503/impact-of-dental-trauma-on-quality-of-life-among-11-14-years-schoolchildren
#19
Ibrahim Hassan El-Kalla, Hanaa Mahmoud Shalan, Rabaa Abo Bakr
Background: Traumatic injuries are common dental problems in pediatric dentistry that may influence the children's quality of life. Aim: the aim of this study is to assess the impact of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among Egyptian schoolchildren aged 11-14 years. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving a sample of 11700 schoolchildren from public and private schools of Mansoura city, Egypt...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324958/enhancing-the-process-of-teaching-and-learning-homecare
#20
Ana Paula Hermann, Maria Ribeiro Lacerda, Jaqueline Dias do Nascimento, Ingrid Meireles Gomes, Débora Cristina Paes Zatoni
OBJECTIVE: to identify possibilities for improvement in the process of teaching and learning homecare in nursing, pharmacy, medicine, nutrition, dentistry and occupational therapy courses. METHOD: qualitative research using the Grounded Theory approach. Sixty-three semi-structured interviews were conducted with students, teachers and graduates of the six mentioned courses at a public university in the south of Brazil. Data analysis was performed through open, axial and selective coding...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
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