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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213910/the-virtual-dental-home-a-critique
#1
Jay W Friedman, David A Nash, Kavita R Mathu-Muju
The Virtual Dental Home is a concept of the Pacific Center for Special Care of the Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry in San Francisco. It is designed to improve access to dental care for underserved populations, specifically children and institutionalized adults. This article describes the development and implementation of the Virtual Dental Home, subsequently critiquing the concept. The criteria for a dental home are not met by the program. It is the equivalent of a traditional public oral health prevention and screening program, with the additional dimension of allowing dental hygienists and assistants to place interim glass ionomer restorations in dental cavities...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186694/pattern-of-oral-maxillofacial-trauma-from-violence-against-women-and-its-associated-factors
#2
Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Kevan Guilherme Nóbrega Barbosa, Jéssica Antoniana Lira E Silva, Andreza Cristina de Lima Targino Massoni, Sérgio d'Avila
BACKGROUND/AIM: Violence against women is a global public health problem. The aim of this study was to characterize the profile of women victims of violence and identify factors associated with maxillofacial injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed based on an evaluation of 884 medico-legal and social records of women victims of physical aggression treated at the Center of Forensic Medicine and Dentistry in Brazil. The variables investigated were related to the socio-demographic characteristics of victims, circumstances of aggressions, and patterns of trauma...
February 10, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182073/attitude-toward-public-health-dentistry-as-a-career-among-dental-students-in-odisha-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Nupur Sharma, Kittu Jain, Soumik Kabasi
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of dental students' expectations of their profession as well as their attitudes to study a particular specialty of dentistry is of great importance. These attitudes and expectations make studying dentistry meaningful to dental students and society and understanding these factors facilitate workforce planning in the dental sector The aim of the study was to assess the attitude of dental students towards considering Public Health Dentistry as their future career. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted, which included the 3(rd) year, 4(th) fourth year and dental interns studying in the State of Odisha...
November 2016: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149457/oral-health-literacy-how-much-italian-people-know-about-the-dental-hygienist
#4
Roberto Pippi, Flavia Bagnato, Livia Ottolenghi
BACKGROUND: People with poor OHL have the highest level of oral diseases and the worst oral treatment results. The main aim of the present study was to investigate the degree of knowledge of the role of the dental hygienist in patients who go to a public dental facility for the first time. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to the patients with the "face-to-face" mode during a 12-month period. The principal component analysis, the general linear model and the chi-square test were used for the statistical analysis...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122153/oral-cancer-screening-for-high-risk-individuals-in-the-primary-health-care-setting-using-an-active-approach
#5
Allana Pivovar, Zilá Ferreira Dias Gonçalves Dos Santos, Cassius Carvalho Torres-Pereira
BACKGROUND: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is considered a major public health problem. The diagnosis often occurs in advanced stages, causing high morbidity and mortality and therefore prevention strategies should be advocated. This study aims to investigate a model of OSCC screening for high-risk individuals in the Family Health Strategy's (FHS) scenario. METHODS: Participants were men between 50 and 65 years of age registered in a primary health care electronic database and resident in an area with low socioeconomic status in the city of Curitiba (Paraná/Brazil)...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118778/a-systematic-review-of-the-research-evidence-for-the-benefits-of-teledentistry
#6
Mohamed Estai, Yogesan Kanagasingam, Marc Tennant, Stuart Bunt
Objective This review is designed to inform future decisions about the benefits of integrating teledentistry into routine health services, by presenting an overview of the evidence for the effectiveness and economic impact of teledentistry. Methods Two reviewers searched PubMed, EMBASE and CINAHL databases through November 2016 to identify published peer-reviewed studies in English. Teledentistry studies were included if they were; (a) controlled (randomised or non-randomised) assessment studies; and (b) compared outcomes of a teledentistry intervention in terms of clinical or economic evaluation with the outcomes of traditional clinical alternatives...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094051/competition-policy-for-health-care-provision-in-portugal
#7
Pedro Pita Barros
We review the role of competition among healthcare providers in Portugal, which has a public National Health Service (NHS) at the core of the health system. There is little competition among healthcare providers within the NHS. Competition among NHS primary care providers is hindered by excess demand (many residents in Portugal do not have a designated family doctor). Competition among NHS hospitals has been traditionally limited to cases of maximum guaranteed waiting time for surgery being exceeded. The Portuguese Competition Authority enforces competition law...
February 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008634/a-comparison-of-two-models-of-dental-care-for-aboriginal-communities-in-new-south-wales
#8
Kylie Gwynne, Debbie McCowen, Sally Cripps, Michelle Lincoln, Michelle Irving, Anthony Blinkhorn
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal people, and particularly those in rural areas, continue to suffer very high levels of dental disease despite significant reductions in the wider Australian population in the past 30 years. Until recently, there has been a shortage of oral health clinicians and the majority have provided care in major cities. The NSW Government funded various models of care for rural and regional areas and vulnerable population groups including Aboriginal people. This study utilises a comparative retrospective analysis to compare two models of oral health care for Aboriginal people including those living in rural NSW to inform future policy decisions...
December 23, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000645/assessment-of-satisfaction-levels-of-patients-during-dental-outreach-programs-in-rural-part-of-udaipur-india
#9
Nagesh Bhat, Arshdeep Singh, Kailash Asawa, Mridula Tak, Harkiran Kahlon, Ramandeep Singh Gambhir, Arpit A Viradiya
BACKGROUND: The community-based dental outreach programs play a very crucial role in declining discovery-delivery disconnect by introducing awareness through health education and dental adumbrating services to the community members. However, the success of any oral health programme depends largely on how it meets the needs and expectations of the target community. Therefore, the present study was designed for the assessment of patient satisfaction at various rural outreach dental camps conducted over a period of 2 months...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994310/clinical-performance-of-class-i-nanohybrid-composite-restorations-with-resin-modified-glass-ionomer-liner-and-flowable-composite-liner-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Krishtipati Suhasini, Koppolu Madhusudhana, Chinni Suneelkumar, Anumula Lavanya, K S Chandrababu, Perisetty Dinesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Liners play a vital role in minimizing polymerization shrinkage stress by elastic bonding concept and increase the longevity and favorable outcome for composite restorations. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of nanohybrid composite restorations using resin-modified glass-ionomer and flowable composite liners. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A single-centered, double-blinded randomized clinical trial, with split-mouth design and equal allocation ratio that was conducted in the Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics...
November 2016: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990679/new-competencies-for-the-21st-century-dental-public-health-specialist
#11
Donald Altman, Ana Karina Mascarenhas
The American Board of Dental Public Health (ABDPH) currently recognizes 10 core competencies, which identify the skills, knowledge and understanding expected of all dental public health specialists. The last update to the competencies was 1998. The American Board of Dental Public Health, along with the American Association of Public Health Dentistry and its many partners, initiated a process to revise the competencies. This report presents the process and the new competencies for the dental public health specialist of the 21(st) century...
September 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990677/a-survey-of-dental-public-health-specialists-on-current-dental-public-health-competencies
#12
Ana Karina Mascarenhas, Donald Altman
In preparation to update the Dental Public Health specialty competencies, the Expert Panel determined that a needs assessment be conducted. A nine item open and close ended survey developed by the Expert Panel was used to collect data on the Diplomates current work environment, the utility of the current set of Dental Public Health competencies, and to identify any gaps in the current competencies. In 2015, the survey was administered to all active Diplomates of the American Board of Dental Public Health. One hundred and nine Diplomates responded...
September 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943545/exploratory-scoping-of-the-literature-on-factors-that-influence-oral-health-workforce-planning-and-management-in-developing-countries
#13
REVIEW
Rjm Knevel, M G Gussy, J Farmer
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to scope the literature that exists about factors influencing oral health workforce planning and management in developing countries (DCs). METHODS: The Arksey and O'Malley method for conducting a scoping review was used. A replicable search strategy was applied, using three databases. Factors influencing oral health workforce planning and management in DCs identified in the eligible articles were charted. FINDINGS: Four thousand citations were identified; 41 papers were included for review...
December 12, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905673/single-versus-multiple-visits-for-endodontic-treatment-of-permanent-teeth
#14
REVIEW
Maddalena Manfredi, Lara Figini, Massimo Gagliani, Giovanni Lodi
BACKGROUND: Root canal treatment (RoCT), or endodontic treatment, is a common procedure in dentistry. The main indications for RoCT are irreversible pulpitis and necrosis of the dental pulp caused by carious processes, tooth cracks or chips, or dental trauma. Successful RoCT is characterised by an absence of symptoms (i.e. pain) and clinical signs (i.e. swelling and sinus tract) in teeth without radiographic evidence of periodontal involvement (i.e. normal periodontal ligament). The success of RoCT depends on a number of variables related to the preoperative condition of the tooth, as well as the endodontic procedures...
1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843351/orthodontic-treatment-need-among-young-saudis-attending-public-versus-private-dental-practices-in-riyadh
#15
Asma M Al-Jobair, Laila F Baidas, Anfal A Al-Hamid, Sara G Al-Qahtani, Amani T Al-Najjar, Huda M Al-Kawari
OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare the severity of malocclusion and orthodontic treatment need among young Saudis receiving free treatment at public dental practices versus those paying for treatment at private practices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated the records of 300 patients (179 females, 121 males; age 13-21 years) treated at orthodontic clinics from 2013 through 2015. The public sample was selected from orthodontic clinics at the College of Dentistry, King Saud University (KSU); the private sample was selected from five private orthodontic clinics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
2016: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806535/identification-of-medical-students-learning-styles-in-terms-of-gender
#16
Mahnaz Shahrki Pour, Gholamreza Ghoreishinia, Sadegh Zare, Azizollah Arbabisarjou
INTRODUCTION: Every amazing human development in the modern world is resulted from learning; therefore, teaching and learning improvement are the bases of all activities. There is a wide-range of factors affecting learning and the identification of these factors is very important in fixing problems and deficiencies in educational systems. Among the factors contributing to academic achievement are the consideration of students' differences and identification of their learning styles. Accordingly, the present study was conducted to identify medical students' learning styles in terms of gender...
August 4, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797628/working-together-using-a-unique-approach-to-evaluate-an-interactive-and-clinic-based-longitudinal-interprofessional-education-experience-with-13-professions
#17
Britta M Thompson, Dale W Bratzler, Mark J Fisher, Amie Torres, Epic Faculty, Rhonda A Sparks
Interprofessional education (IPE) involving an interactive and longitudinal clinic experience at an inner-city charitable clinic from September to May 2013/2014 was evaluated. Pre-, mid-, and post-intervention data were collected from students in 13 different professions including medicine (medical and physician assistant), dentistry (dental and dental hygiene), nursing (undergraduate and clinical nurse specialist), public health, pharmacy, physical therapy, occupational therapy, nutritional sciences, speech and language pathology, and social work...
November 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769235/health-professions-students-have-an-alarming-prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-exploration-of-the-associated-factors
#18
Eiad AlFaris, Farhana Irfan, Riaz Qureshi, Naghma Naeem, Abdulaziz Alshomrani, Gominda Ponnamperuma, Nada Al Yousufi, Nasr Al Maflehi, Mohammad Al Naami, Amr Jamal, Cees van der Vleuten
BACKGROUND: There is a need to better understand the depression phenomenon and to clarify why some students become depressed and others don't. The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of depressive symptoms among health professions' (HP) students, and to explore the association between socio-demographic factors (e.g. year of study, discipline, gender) and depressive symptoms. METHODS: In this descriptive-analytic, cross-sectional study, stratified proportionate sampling strategy was used to select the study sample during the academic year 2012-2013...
October 21, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767131/the-healthcare-system-and-the-provision-of-oral-healthcare-in-european-union-member-states-part-6-poland
#19
K Malkiewicz, E Malkiewicz, K A Eaton, E Widström
Poland is one of the largest European countries in terms of area and population. The country's economic situation does not allow for the allocation of sufficient public funds for healthcare in general and oral healthcare in particular. The health policy of the state focuses primarily on prophylaxis and treatment of diseases, directly threatening the health and lives of the inhabitants. Currently, expenditure on oral health accounts for only 2.7% of the public funds allocated to healthcare. In this context, providing oral care financed from public funds at an appropriate level constitutes a challenge for state institutions, centres providing medical and dental services and private practices...
October 21, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767108/a-systematic-appraisal-of-the-evidence-based-dentistry-journal
#20
Nikisha Mehta, Zoe Marshman
BackgroundThis systematic appraisal was conducted to determine if the Evidence-Based Dentistry Journal (EBDJ) acts as a reliable and contemporary source of knowledge for practitioners across all disciplines within dentistry.ObjectivesThe main objectives were to determine i) the year the articles were published and included in the EBDJ; ii) if the articles published covered all fields equally within dentistry; iii) the type of study design of the articles reported in the journal and; iv) the level of expertise of the writers of the commentaries...
2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
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