Read by QxMD icon Read

public health dentistry

Daniel M Meyer, Linda M Kaste, Kathy M Lituri, Scott Tomar, Christopher H Fox, Poul Erik Petersen
This article provides an example of interprofessional collaboration for policy development regarding environmental global health vis-à-vis the Minamata Convention on Mercury. It presents an overview of mercury and mercury-related environmental health issues; public policy processes and stakeholders; and specifics including organized dentistry's efforts to create global policy to restrict environmental contamination by mercury. Dentistry must participate in interprofessional collaborations and build on such experiences to be optimally placed for ongoing interprofessional policy development...
October 2016: Dental Clinics of North America
Ridhima B Gaunkar, Puttaswamy Basavarajappa, Syed A Raheel, Omar B Kujan
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess how competent the recent dental graduates perceive themselves to be in Dental Public Health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 21-item structured, close-ended questionnaire study was carried out at the KLEVK Institute of Dental Sciences, Belgaum, India. Students assessed their competencies using a three-point ordinal scale. One hundred and thirty-three students were asked to rate their proficiency on a 21-item matrix of the dental public health program...
August 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Binyamin Binyaminy, Eric J Haas
In Israel, only physicians, dentists, and psychologists who complete an accredited licensing process may practice hypnosis. This study examines the characteristics of hypnotherapists compared to nonhypnotherapists in the same discipline. All hypnotherapists in Israel were compared to nonhypnotherapist health professionals. There are more subspecialists among hypnotists, and the most common specialties were psychiatry, pediatric dentistry, and clinical psychology. These findings imply self-sorting of hypnotists as a result of the regulation in Israel...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
L M Jones, R Cotter, K M Birch
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Suicide rates among dentists and a perceived elevated risk for suicide have been debated in the academic literature. It has filtered into the public psyche that dentists have the highest suicide rate of any occupation. The present review seeks support for both protagonist and antagonist positions from multidisciplinary perspectives. Contemporary risk factors and strategies for intervention and the prevention of suicide in dentistry are explored. METHODS: An online database search for articles and reports, with selected target words, was conducted for peer reviewed publications on suicide in the dental profession, and for factors contributing to dentist suicide...
June 2016: New Zealand Dental Journal
Ira B Lamster
The world's population is aging, and it has been estimated that by 2050, the number of people 65 years of age and older will reach 1.5 billion. The aging population will be affected by noncommunicable chronic diseases, including diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease and cognitive impairment. This important demographic shift includes a reduction in tooth loss/edentulism, particularly in older adults of the developed countries in North America, western Europe and north-east Asia. Therefore, in the future, dental providers will be required to care for an expanded number of older adults who have retained teeth and are medically complex...
October 2016: Periodontology 2000
Paul F Ashley, Susan Parekh, David R Moles, Prabhleen Anand, Laura C I MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Fear of dental pain is a major barrier to treatment for children who need dental care. The use of preoperative analgesics has the potential to reduce postoperative discomfort and intraoperative pain. We reviewed the available evidence to determine whether further research is warranted and to inform the development of prescribing guidelines. This is an update of a Cochrane review published in 2012. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of preoperative analgesics for intraoperative or postoperative pain relief (or both) in children and adolescents undergoing dental treatment without general anaesthesia or sedation...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Romesh P Nalliah, Michael S Forman, Sydnee E Chavis, Peggy Timothé
PURPOSE: The Commission of Dental Accreditation (CODA) does not set minimum standards for clock hours of training in Dental and Clinical sciences. The purpose of this evaluation was to compare United States (US) dental schools for variability in clock hours. The current paper utilizes the American Dental Association's survey of clock hours of all US dental schools which is publicly available data. Clock hours survey from 2010 to 2011 was utilized and the analysis tool, JMP, was utilized to visualize and report variability...
August 4, 2016: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Gowri Sivaramakrishnan, Kannan Sridharan
INTRODUCTION: Clinical trials are the back bone for evidence-based practice (EBP) and recently EBP has been considered the best source of treatment strategies available. Clinical trial registries serve as databases of clinical trials. As regards to dentistry in specific data on the number of clinical trials and their quality is lacking. Hence, the present study was envisaged. METHOD: Clinical trials registered in WHO-ICTRP (
June 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
Betül Sönmez, Zeynep Oğuz, Leman Kutlu, Aytolan Yıldırım
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To adapt the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Task Load Index scale into Turkish, to determine the nurses' mental workload using subjective methods and to identify the factors affecting the mental workloads of nurses. BACKGROUND: As the concept of safety gains prominence in healthcare services, the determination of employees' mental workloads using subjective methods is considered important in preventing errors caused by employees...
July 19, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Soraya León, Rodrigo A Giacaman
Chile is experiencing one of the fastest aging processes in Latin America. The implications derived from this phenomenon involve many aspects of the society, especially health care. In particular, insufficient oral health coverage in the country limits oral care provision for a population with a high prevalence and severity of oral diseases. These conditions include dental caries, periodontal disease, tooth loss, defective prostheses, oral mucosa lesions and xerostomia, among others, and strongly affect quality of life of the elderly population...
April 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
Bo Rolander, Charlotte Wåhlin, Venerina Johnston, Petra Wagman, Ulrika Lindmark
OBJECTIVE: By 2023, fewer dentists are expected in Sweden, at the same time as the demand for dental care is expected to increase. Older people, in particular, are expected to require more dental health than previous generations. To meet this demand, the public sector dentistry in Sweden is moving towards changes in division of labour among dental professionals, including dentists, dental hygienists and dental nurses. However, the impact of this reallocation on the physical and psychosocial wellbeing of employees is unknown...
August 2016: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Petra Wagman, Ulrika Lindmark, Bo Rolander, Charlotte Wåhlin, Carita Håkansson
BACKGROUND: Health care employees are often women, a group that has high degrees of sick leave and perhaps problems attaining occupational balance. However, people think differently about their everyday activities and it is therefore important to take their perceptions into account but occupational balance has not yet been measured in health professionals. The aim was to describe occupational balance in three different samples of health professionals in Sweden. A further aim was to investigate whether occupational therapists (OTs) rate their occupational balance differently from other health professionals...
July 6, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Aline Silva Baldoino, Renata Meira Veras
is study aimed to raise and discuss the data about the integration of health courses teaching and service activities o ered at the Federal University of Bahia (UFBA), pre- senting scenarios practices and major di culties existing in the relationship between the university and the services of health. is was a qualitative study of descriptive explo- ratory character, using a questionnaire as a research tool applied to the coordinators of selected health courses. e selection was by reading the political pedagogical project, the following courses were selected: nursing, physical therapy, speech therapy, medicine, nu- trition, dentistry and public health...
June 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Deise Cruz Oliveira, John J Warren, Steven M Levy, Justine Kolker, Fang Qian, Clifton Carey
PURPOSE: Little is known about use or acceptance of minimally invasive dentistry (MID) in the USA, particularly in public health settings. The purpose of this study was to assess opinions concerning MID among dentists in public-health practices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the views of dentists in public-health practices concerning MID using an online survey instrument among National Network for Oral Health Access (NNOHA) and American Association of Community Dental Programs (AACDP) members...
June 27, 2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Al-Waleed Al-Johar, Abdulrahman Al-Saud, Yazeed Abalkhail, Talal Jawdat, Saleh Al-Khamees, Al-Thunayan Faisal, Abdel G Abdel-Gader
BACKGROUND: Saudi females constitute less than 5% of blood donors and as demand for blood is ever increasing there is a need to identify the factors that discourage them from donating their blood and subsequently to find approaches to enhance their share as blood donors. The aim of this study is to find out the knowledge, attitude and motivation of Saudi female university students towards blood donation. METHODS: This is a questionnaire-based cross-sectional descriptive study among female students (n = 300) from six colleges: Medicine, Dentistry, Applied Medical Sciences, Science, Arts, and Business Administration at King Saud University, Riyadh...
2016: Clinical Laboratory
J Sinclair-Cohen
The late Professor Aubrey Sheiham shaped dental public health as a discipline. He leaves behind cohorts of confident public health professionals in dentistry worldwide, including many former students, each with their own kaleidoscope of memories of him as teacher, mentor, colleague and friend. A paper that he published in The Lancet in 1977 famously challenged the prevailing paradigm on dental recalls. For such iconoclasm, I remember him as the dentist who dared disturb the universe.
June 24, 2016: British Dental Journal
Rebecca Schaffer, Mai-Ly Duong, Benjamin Wachter, Erika Arana, Denise Frances
AIM: The goal of this project was to gather data and identify factors affecting access to dental care for people with bleeding disorders in the U.S. METHODS: The Arizona School of Dentistry & Oral Health and the National Hemophilia Foundation conducted a joint survey. The survey was completed by 102 of the 147 hemophilia treatment centers (HTCs) in the U.S. This represents 69% of the HTCs in the country. Each HTC provided specific information concerning the dental services and education provided for patients...
June 17, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
Nahid Ramazani
CONTEXT: Most child population is able to undergo dental treatment in the conventional setting. However, some children fail to cope with in-office conscious state and cannot respond to usual management modalities. This review aims to discuss the topic further. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A computerized search in databases PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Google Scholar and Google were performed using dental general anesthesia related keywords. Original and review English-written articles that were limited to child population were retrieved without any limitation of publication date...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Jens Christoph Türp, Heinz Spranger
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), such as cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases, cancers, and diabetes mellitus, are responsible for most deaths worldwide. In view of the rising prevalence and the long-term consequences of NCDs, their prevention is a public health priority. Dentistry plays an important role in this endeavor. Since oral and general diseases share common risk factors (e.g., poor oral hygiene, unhealthy diet, alcohol abuse, tobacco consumption, distress), preventive measures may target both oral diseases (e...
2016: Swiss Dental Journal
Katia Jedeon, Sophia Houari, Sophia Loiodice, Thuy Tran Thu, Manon Le Normand, Ariane Berdal, Sylvie Babajko
Enamel defects resulting from environmental conditions and the way of life are public health concerns because of their high prevalence. As their etiology is unclear, the aim of this study was to analyze the various forms of enamel hypomineralization, and to characterize the genes involved in this process to determine the mechanisms involved in disruptions of amelogenesis. We used bisphenol A (BPA) and fluoride as models, both of which are commonly encountered in human populations and used in dentistry. Wistar rats were chronically exposed to 5 µg/kg/day BPA from day 1 of gestation to day 65 after birth (P65) and 5 mM fluoride from P21 to P65...
June 3, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"