keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

nephrotoxicity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474904/intermediate-filament-protein-expression-pattern-and-inflammatory-response-changes-in-kidneys-of-rats-receiving-doxorubicin-chemotherapy-and-quercetin
#1
Samah R Khalil, Amany Tharwat Mohammed, Amir H Abd-Elfatah, Asmaa W Zaglool
The aim of this study was to explore the potential effects of quercetin (QUR) on doxorubicin (DOX)-induced nephrotoxicity. Fifty male rats were assigned to five groups (10 rats each): a control group, a DOX-treated group (total dose, 15 mg/kg bw, intraperitoneally), a QUR-treated group (50 mg/kg bw/day, orally), a prophylaxis co-treated group, and a therapeutic co-treated group. Biochemical parameters and renal function were measured. Moreover, kidney tissues were homogenized for inflammatory marker evaluation and real-time qPCR analysis to determine the changes in intermediate filament protein mRNA levels (desmin, vimentin, connexin 43 and nestin)...
February 20, 2018: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474583/ochratoxin-a-citrinin-and-deoxynivalenol-decrease-claudin-2-expression-in-mouse-rectum-cmt93-ii-cells
#2
Hideaki Nakayama, Norio Kitagawa, Takahito Otani, Hiroshi Iida, Hisashi Anan, Tetsuichiro Inai
Intestinal epithelial cells are the first targets of ingested mycotoxins, such as ochratoxin A, citrinin and deoxynivalenol. It has been reported that paracellular permeability regulated by tight junctions is modulated by several mycotoxins by reducing the expression of specific claudins and integral membrane proteins in cell-cell contacts, accompanied by increase in phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases, including extracellular signal-related kinase (ERK) 1/2, p38 and c-Jun NH2-terminal protein kinase...
February 21, 2018: Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471006/astilbin-ameliorates-cisplatin-induced-nephrotoxicity-through-reducing-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation
#3
Si-Wei Wang, Yi Xu, Yuan-Yuan Weng, Xue-Yu Fan, Yong-Feng Bai, Xiao-Yan Zheng, Li-Jun Lou, Feng Zhang
Oxidative stress and inflammation are considered to be the main pathogenesis of cisplatin nephrotoxicity. Astilbin, a flavonoid with anti-oxidation and anti-inflammation function, has been used to treat heavy metal induced kidney injury. In this study, we investigated the protective effects of astilbin on cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity and its underlying mechanisms. Our results showed that astilbin markedly inhibited cisplatin-induced cell apoptosis and recovered cell growth. Astilbin significantly decreased reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation and alleviated ROS-induced activation of p53, MAPKs and AKT signaling cascades, which in turn attenuated cisplatin-induced HEK-293 cell apoptosis...
February 19, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468107/contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-guided-radiofrequency-ablation-of-renal-tumors
#4
REVIEW
Dan O'Neal, Tal Cohen, Cynthia Peterson, Richard G Barr
Although only limited long-term studies evaluating thermal ablation of renal masses have been performed, it appears that thermal ablation has a comparable 5-year success rate to that of partial or total nephrectomy. This technique is often used in patients who are not good candidates for partial or total nephrectomy. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) has been recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration for characterization of focal liver lesions in adults and pediatric patients. CEUS can be used off label for renal applications and has been used for years in Europe and Asia...
2018: Journal of Kidney Cancer and VHL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466085/a-case-of-hiv-associated-cryptococcal-nephritis-ultrastructural-findings-and-literature-review
#5
Ashley Flowers, Xin Gu, Guillermo A Herrera, Sandy Gibson, Judy King
Acute renal failure in the setting of infection with human immunodeficiency virus can be due to various causes including pre-renal causes such as hypotension, sepsis, and nephrotoxic agents; thrombotic microangiopathy; or direct renal parenchymal infections by opportunistic organisms. We present a case of cryptococcal nephritis in a patient with systemic cryptococcosis and discuss the clinical findings as well as the histological, immunofluorescent, and transmission electron microscopy findings in the renal biopsy...
March 2018: Ultrastructural Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462429/a-glycomics-approach-to-discover-novel-renal-biomarkers-in-birds-by-administration-of-cisplatin-and-diclofenac-to-chickens
#6
C Ishii, Y Ikenaka, O Ichii, S M M Nakayama, S-I Nishimura, T Ohashi, M Tanaka, H Mizukawa, M Ishizuka
Avian species have a unique renal structure and abundant blood flow into the kidneys. Although many birds die due to nephrotoxicity caused by chemicals, there are no early biomarkers for renal lesions. Uric acid level in blood, which is generally used as a renal biomarker, is altered when the kidney function is damaged by over 70%. Therefore, early biomarkers for kidney injury in birds are needed. In humans, glycomics has been at the forefront of biological and medical sciences, and glycans are used as biomarkers of diseases, such as carcinoma...
February 14, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461449/optimizing-vancomycin-monitoring-in-pediatric-patients
#7
Abdullah Alsultan, Manal Abouelkheir, Saeed Alqahtani, Ahmad Aljabri, Ali M Somily, Sarah Alsubaie, Abdulkarim Alrabiaah, Elham Bukhari, Fahad Alzamil
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have reported that trough levels may not be optimal for monitoring vancomycin therapy, because of overexposure and nephrotoxicity risks. Therefore, we developed a population pharmacokinetic model to optimize vancomycin dosing and monitoring in pediatrics. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected on 76 pediatric patients aged 1-12 years, admitted to general pediatric wards or ICUs at King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
February 15, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460824/comparison-of-cisplatin-with-lipoplatin-in-terms-of-ototoxicity
#8
Efe Serinan, Zekiye Altun, Safiye Aktaş, Emre Çeçen, Nur Olgun
OBJECTIVE: Cisplatin (CDDP) is an anti-neoplastic agent that has been used in treatments of both pediatric and adult cancers. It has many side effects, such as ototoxicity, nephrotoxicity, and neurotoxicity. Lipoplatin (LIPO) is a nanomolecule with 110 nm diameter and composed of lipids and CDDP. In this study, we aimed to compare the toxic effects of LIPO with CDDP in the cochlear cells with anti-tumoral doses determined in neuroblastoma cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: House Ear Institute Organ Corti 1 (HEI-OC1), MYC-N amplified KELLY, and MYC-N non-amplified SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells were used in this study...
February 20, 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459593/a-study-on-the-effect-of-captopril-on-gentamicin-induced-nephrotoxicity-in-rats
#9
M S Chowdhury, S K Saha, E O Eva, M M Sarker
An experimental study was carried out to evaluate the effect of Captopril on Gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity in rats in the Department of Pharmacology, Mymensingh Medical College and Dhaka Medical College, Bangladesh. Gentamicin antibiotic is most commonly employed clinically because of their potent bactericidal activities against Gram negative bacterial infections, less bacterial resistance, post-antibiotic effects and low cost. Gentamicin is associated with an induction of slow rises in serum creatinine, inflammation and perivascular edema, tubular degeneration and necrosis, tubular debris collection, glomerular atrophy which ultimately show the way to renal dysfunction...
January 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456204/renoprotective-effect-of-nigella-sativa-against-cisplatin-induced-nephrotoxicity-and-oxidative-stress-in-rat
#10
Sara Hosseinian, Mousa-Al-Reza Hadjzadeh, Noma Mohamadian Roshan, Majid Khazaei, Samira Shahraki, Reza Mohebbati, Abolfazl Khajavi Rad
Cisplatin is one of the important antineoplastic drugs. Its clinical use has been restricted due to severe kidney toxicity. Nigella sativa (N. sativa) is an herbaceous plant with many pharmacologic effects. In the present study, we evaluated the protective effects of aqueous-ethanolic extract of N. sativa and Vitamin E on cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. Eighty male rats were divided into eight groups: control, cisplatin (6 mg/kg; ip), preventive Vitamin E (100 mg/kg), preventive N. sativa (100,200 mg/kg), preventive + treatment Vitamin E, and preventive + treatment N...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456202/contrast-induced-nephropathy-pathophysiology-risk-factors-and-prevention
#11
REVIEW
Mohammad A Hossain, Eric Costanzo, James Cosentino, Chirag Patel, Huzaif Qaisar, Vikas Singh, Taimoor Khan, Jennifer S Cheng, Arif Asif, Tushar J Vachharajani
Contrast-induced acute kidney injury is a common iatrogenic complication associated with increased health resource utilization and adverse outcomes, including short- and long-term mortality and accelerated progression of preexisting renal insufficiency. The incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) has been reported to range from 0% to 24%. This wide range reported by the studies is due to differences in definition, background risk factors, type and dose of contrast medium used, and the frequency of other coexisting potential causes of acute renal failure...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454592/effective-antimicrobial-stewardship-strategies-for-cost-effective-utilization-of-telavancin-for-the-treatment-of-patients-with-hospital-acquired-bacterial-pneumonia-caused-by-staphylococcus-aureus
#12
James A McKinnell, Shelby Corman, Dipen Patel, Grace H Leung, Lynne M Gordon, Thomas P Lodise
PURPOSE: Clinicians and stewardship programs are challenged with positioning of novel, higher priced antibiotic agents for the treatment of clinical infections. We developed a decision-analytic model to describe costs, including drug, total treatment costs, and health care outcomes, associated with telavancin (TLV) compared with vancomycin (VAN) for patients with Staphylococcus aureus (SA) hospital-acquired bacterial pneumonia (HABP). METHODS: This decision-analytic model assessed the treatment of SA-HABP with TLV versus VAN...
February 14, 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448207/ferulic-acid-protects-lipopolysaccharide-induced-acute-kidney-injury-by-suppressing-inflammatory-events-and-upregulating-antioxidant-defenses-in-balb-c-mice
#13
Salma Mukhtar Mir, Halley Gora Ravuri, Raj Kumar Pradhan, Sairam Narra, Jerald Mahesh Kumar, Madhusudana Kuncha, Sanjit Kanjilal, Ramakrishna Sistla
Sepsis-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) is responsible for 70-80% mortality in intensive care patients due to elevated levels of endotoxin, Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) caused by gram-negative infections. Ferulic acid (FA), a phenolic phytochemical is known for its renal protection on various induced models of nephrotoxicity. However, the curative effect of FA in LPS-induced AKI is not well studied. This study aimed to investigate the effect of FA on LPS-induced AKI in mice model and to understand the protective mechanisms involved, to provide evidence for FA in the treatment of AKI...
February 12, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447205/aggressive-fluid-accumulation-is-associated-with-acute-kidney-injury-and-mortality-in-a-cohort-of-patients-with-severe-pneumonia-caused-by-influenza-a-h1n1-virus
#14
Gustavo Alejandro Casas-Aparicio, Isabel León-Rodríguez, Rafael de Jesús Hernández-Zenteno, Manuel Castillejos-López, Claudia Alvarado-de la Barrera, Christopher E Ormsby, Gustavo Reyes-Terán
INTRODUCTION: Fluid accumulation is associated with adverse outcomes such as acute kidney injury (AKI) in critically ill patients. This study aimed to describe the factors associated with AKI in individuals with influenza A H1N1 severe pneumonia, and explore the relation of fluid accumulation with AKI and mortality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed medical records of individuals with influenza A H1N1 severe pneumonia and no history of chronic kidney disease, attending a national referral center for respiratory diseases between November 2014 and May 2015...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445029/pantoprazole-an-inhibitor-of-the-organic-cation-transporter-2-does-not-ameliorate-cisplatin-related-ototoxicity-or-nephrotoxicity-in-children-and-adolescents-with-newly-diagnosed-osteosarcoma-treated-with-methotrexate-doxorubicin-and-cisplatin
#15
Elizabeth Fox, Kristin Levin, Yan Zhu, Blair Segers, Naomi Balamuth, Richard Womer, Rochelle Bagatell, Frank Balis
LESSONS LEARNED: Using a randomized crossover design and continuous variables such as change in hearing threshold and biomarkers of acute renal injury as short-term endpoints, it was determined that pantoprazole, an organic cation transporter 2 inhibitor, did not ameliorate cisplatin-associated nephrotoxicity or ototoxicity.Cystatin C is a robust method to estimate glomerular filtration rate in patients with cancer. Using a patient-reported outcome survey, all patients identified tinnitus and subjective hearing loss occurring "at least rarely" after cycle 1, prior to objective high-frequency hearing loss measured by audiograms...
February 14, 2018: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444616/endovascular-treatment-of-cerebral-aneurysm-after-renal-transplantation-in-polycystic-kidney-disease
#16
Zeferino Demartini, Jennyfer Galdino, Gelson L Koppe, Alexandre T Bignelli, Alexandre N Francisco, Luana Am Gatto
Background Patients with polycystic kidney disease have a higher prevalence of intracranial aneurysms and may progress to renal failure requiring transplantation. The endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms may improve prognosis, since rupture often causes premature death or disability, but the nephrotoxicity risk associated with contrast medium must be always considered in cases of renal impairment. Methods A 55-year-old female patient with polycystic kidney disease and grafted kidney associated with anterior communicant artery aneurysm was successfully treated by embolization...
January 1, 2018: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443497/prediction-of-drug-induced-nephrotoxicity-with-a-hydroxyl-radical-and-caspase-light-up-dual-signal-nanoprobe
#17
Yuling Tong, Xitong Huang, Mi Lu, Bo-Yang Yu, Jiangwei Tian
The development of well-designed nanoprobes for specific imaging of multiple biomarkers in renal cells will afford beneficial information related to the transmutation process of drug-induced kidney injury (DIKI). However, the most reported nanoprobes for DIKI detection were dependent on single-signal output and lack of kidney targeting. In this work, we reported a renal cell targeting and dual-signal nanoprobe by encapsulating Brite 670 and Dabcyl-KFFFDEVDK-FAM into low molecular weight chitosan nanoparticle...
February 14, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442542/comparison-of-the-nephrotoxicity-of-vancomycin-in-combination-with-cefepime-meropenem-or-piperacillin-tazobactam-a-prospective-multicenter-study
#18
Brandon P Mullins, C Joseph Kramer, Billie J Bartel, Jennifer S Catlin, Richard E Gilder
BACKGROUND: Patients often receive broad-spectrum antibiotics for nosocomial infections commonly with activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Previous retrospective and/or single-center studies have suggested that the combination of vancomycin and piperacillin/tazobactam might be associated with an increased risk of acute kidney injury. OBJECTIVES: To compare the incidence of nephrotoxicity in patients receiving intravenous vancomycin in combination with cefepime, meropenem, or piperacillin/tazobactam...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441828/fluoride-associated-ultrastructural-changes-and-apoptosis-in-human-renal-tubule-a-pilot-study
#19
J A Quadri, S Sarwar, A Sinha, M Kalaivani, A K Dinda, A Bagga, T S Roy, T K Das, A Shariff
The susceptibility of the kidneys to fluoride toxicity can largely be attributed to its anatomy and function. As the filtrate moves along the complex tubular structure of each nephron, it is concentrated in the proximal and distal tubules and collecting duct. It has been frequently observed that the children suffering from renal impairments also have some symptoms of dental and skeletal fluorosis. The findings suggest that fluoride somehow interferes with renal anatomy and physiology, which may lead to renal pathogenesis...
January 1, 2018: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438889/recent-progress-in-potential-anti-hepatitis-b-virus-agents-structural-and-pharmacological-perspectives
#20
Dejuan Sun, Lingjuan Zhu, Dahong Yao, Lixia Chen, Leilei Fu, Liang Ouyang
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections affect about 240 million patients worldwide and increase the risk of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. It is estimated that about 686 thousand people died annually of liver damage resulted from HBV infections. At present, two classes of antiviral drugs have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of hepatitis B, immunomodulators (interferon [IFN]-a and pegylated-interferon [PEG-IFN]-a) and nucleos(t)ide analogs (lamivudine, telbivudine, adefovir, tenofovir [TDF], and entecavir [ETV])...
February 5, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
keyword
keyword
26249
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"