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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223873/molecular-characterization-and-expression-profiles-of-lpxrfa-at-the-brain-pituitary-gonad-axis-of-half-smooth-tongue-sole-cynoglossus-semilaevis-during-ovarian-maturation
#1
Bin Wang, Quan Liu, Xuezhou Liu, Yongjiang Xu, Bao Shi
Gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone (GnIH) has been characterized by its ability to inhibit either basal or gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)-induced gonadotropin synthesis and release in birds and mammals. However, the physiological role of GnIH on the reproductive axis in fish remains inconclusive, with most studies focusing on the orders Cypriniformes and Perciformes. To gain insight into the role of GnIH in the regulation of reproduction in the order Pleuronectiformes, we first cloned the LPXRFa gene, the piscine ortholog of GnIH, in the half-smooth tongue sole...
December 6, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218536/site-fidelity-facilitates-pair-formation-in-aggregations-of-coral-reef-cardinalfish
#2
Theresa Rueger, Naomi M Gardiner, Geoffrey P Jones
Colonial animals often form stable pair bonds, returning to the same site to breed with the same partner every year. Familiarity with both partner and breeding site has the potential to enhance an individual's reproductive success. However, it is often unknown whether the mating system arises because of site fidelity, mate fidelity or both. Here, observational and experimental studies are used to identify causal links between site fidelity and pair formation in a group-living coral reef cardinalfish, Sphaeramia nematoptera...
December 7, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218398/enhanced-hemoglobin-oxygen-unloading-in-migratory-salmonids
#3
Jacelyn J Shu, Till S Harter, Phillip R Morrison, Colin J Brauner
Recent findings indicate that some teleost fishes may be able to greatly enhance hemoglobin-oxygen (Hb-O2) unloading at the tissues under conditions that result in catecholamine release. The putative mechanism relies on the high pH sensitivity of teleost hemoglobin (Hb), intracellular red blood cell (RBC) pH regulation via β-adrenergic Na+/H+ exchanger (β-NHE) activity, and plasma-accessible carbonic anhydrase at the tissues that short-circuits RBC pH regulation. Previous studies have shown that in rainbow trout, this system may double Hb-O2 unloading to red muscle compared to a situation without short-circuiting...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216900/treatment-with-a-dna-methyltransferase-inhibitor-feminizes-zebrafish-and-induces-long-term-expression-changes-in-the-gonads
#4
Laia Ribas, Konstantinos Vanezis, Marco Antonio Imués, Francesc Piferrer
BACKGROUND: The role of epigenetic modifications such as DNA methylation during vertebrate sexual development is far from being clear. Using the zebrafish model, we tested the effects of one of the most common DNA methyltransferase (dnmt) inhibitor, 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza-dC), which is approved for the treatment of acute myeloid leukaemia and is under active investigation for the treatment of solid tumours. Several dose-response experiments were carried out during two periods, including not only the very first days of development (0-6 days post-fertilization, dpf), as done in previous studies, but also, and as a novelty, the period of gonadal development (10-30 dpf)...
December 8, 2017: Epigenetics & Chromatin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215767/exposure-to-levonorgestrel-increases-nest-acquisition-success-and-decreases-sperm-motility-in-the-male-fathead-minnow-pimephales-promelas
#5
Tyler Frankel, Lance Yonkos, Franklin Ampy, Jack Frankel
Progestins are utilized as a component of human contraceptives, and enter the environment via wastewater treatment plant effluent. Certain progestins activate fish androgen receptors and cause decreases in fecundity and masculinization of females. In this study, a nest acquisition assay and computer assisted sperm analysis (CASA) was used to examine the effects of levonorgestrel (LNG) on male fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) reproductive fitness. Males were exposed to 0, 10, or 100ng/L LNG for 14d. Combinations of a control male and a male from one of the treatments were placed into a competitive nesting assay, and time each male spent holding the nest and time spent exhibiting aggressive behaviors were analyzed at 48hrs post-exposure...
December 7, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212729/condition-dependent-female-preference-for-male-genitalia-length-is-based-on-male-reproductive-tactics
#6
Armando Hernandez-Jimenez, Oscar Rios-Cardenas
There is extensive morphological variation of male genitalia across animals with internal fertilization, even among closely related species. Most studies attempting to explain this extraordinary diversity have focused on processes that occur post-copula (e.g. sperm competition, cryptic female choice). Only a few studies have focused on the pre-copula process of female preference. In addition, the extent to which this variation could be associated with the use of different reproductive tactics has yet to be explored...
December 6, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203388/the-occurrence-of-intersex-fishes-in-boulder-creek-colorado-is-a-recent-phenomenon
#7
David O Norris, Ashley L Bolden, Alan M Vajda
Gonads were examined visually and histologically from white sucker (Catostomus commersoni) and fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) isolated from museum specimens collected from Boulder Creek, Colorado. These fishes were collected between 42 and 102 years ago before addition of large quantities of estrogenic chemicals via wastewater effluent was reported to disrupt reproductive structures and functions in white suckers living in Boulder Creek downstream of the wastewater treatment facility (WWTF) and in test exposures of fathead minnows to wastewater effluent at the WWTF...
December 1, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202272/fish-as-a-model-to-assess-chemical-toxicity-in-bone
#8
REVIEW
Ignacio Fernández, Paulo J Gavaia, Vincent Laizé, M Leonor Cancela
Environmental toxicology has been expanding as growing concerns on the impact of produced and released chemical compounds over the environment and human health are being demonstrated. Among the toxic effects observed in organisms exposed to pollutants, those affecting skeletal tissues (osteotoxicity) have been somehow overlooked in comparison to hepato-, immune-, neuro- and/or reproductive toxicities. Nevertheless, sub-lethal effects of toxicants on skeletal development and/or bone maintenance may result in impaired growth, reduced survival rate, increased disease susceptibility and diminished welfare...
November 26, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201526/male-infertility-associated-with-de-novo-pericentric-inversion-of-chromosome-1
#9
Özgür Balasar, Ayşe Gül Zamani, Mehmet Balasar, Hasan Acar
Inversion occurs after two breaks in a chromosome have happened and the segment rotates 180° before reinserting. Inversion carriers have produced abnormal gametes if there is an odd number crossing- over between the inverted and the normal homologous chromosomes causing a duplication or deletion. Reproductive risks such as infertility, abortion, stillbirth and birth of malformed child would be expected in that case. A 54-year- old male patient was consulted to our clinic for primary infertility. The routine chromosome study were applied using peripheral blood lymphocyte cultures and analyzed by giemsa-trypsin-giemsa (GTG) banding, and centromer banding (C-banding) stains...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198847/first-delivery-in-a-leukemia-survivor-after-transplantation-of-cryopreserved-ovarian-tissue-evaluated-for-leukemia-cells-contamination
#10
Moran Shapira, Hila Raanani, Iris Barshack, Ninette Amariglio, Sanaz Derech-Haim, Meital Nagar Marciano, Eyal Schiff, Raoul Orvieto, Dror Meirow
OBJECTIVE: To describe a successful autologous ovarian tissue re-transplantation in a sterile leukemia survivor after evaluation for minimal residual disease and provide a review of the current literature. DESIGN: Presentation of a carefully designed workup taken to evaluate tissue for minimal residual disease, its limitations, and applicability to other patients. To date, there have not been any publications of auto-transplantations in leukemia survivors, owing to an estimated high risk for malignancy induction...
November 29, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197514/mathematical-analysis-of-the-transmission-dynamics-of-the-liver-fluke-opisthorchis-viverrini
#11
Christine Bürli, Helmut Harbrecht, Peter Odermatt, Somphou Sayasone, Nakul Chitnis
We develop and analyse two population-based models of the transmission dynamics of the worm parasite Opisthorchis viverrini. The life cycle of O. viverrini includes humans, cats and dogs as definitive hosts; and snails and fish as intermediate hosts. The first model has only one definitive host (humans) while the second model has two additional hosts: the reservoir hosts, cats and dogs. We define reproduction numbers and endemic equilibrium points for the two models. We use prevalence data for the five hosts from two islands in Lao People's Democratic Republic to estimate distributions of parameter values...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193243/dioxin-like-contaminants-are-no-longer-a-risk-to-the-american-eel-anguilla-rostrata-in-lake-ontario
#12
Sharilyn J Hoobin, Jonathan D Byer, Mehran Alaee, R Stephen Brown, Peter V Hodson
The embryotoxicity of extracts of American eels (Anguilla rostrata) was measured to determine whether maternally-derived contaminants contribute to the declining recruitment of eels to Lake Ontario. Sexually maturing, large yellow and silver eels were sampled in 2007 and 2008 from five locations in eastern Canada, including Lake Ontario; positive controls included eels from the Hudson River, United States, and Canal Dessel-Schoten, Belgium (European eel, Anguilla anguilla). Japanese medaka eggs were injected immediately after fertilization with 1 or 10 nL of eel extract, and after 12 days scored for signs of toxicity...
November 30, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187622/swim-bladder-morphology-changes-with-female-reproductive-state-in-the-mouth-brooding-african-cichlid-astatotilapia-burtoni
#13
Julie M Butler, Sarah M Whitlow, Anwei P Gwan, Prosanta Chakrabarty, Karen P Maruska
Mouth brooding is an extreme form of parental care in which the brooding parent carries the developing young in their buccal cavity for the duration of development. Brooding fish need to compensate for the brood weight on the anterior portion of their body. For fishes with a compartmentalized swim bladder, gas distribution between the chambers may aid in regulating buoyancy during brooding. To test this hypothesis, we took radiographs of Astatotilapia burtoni to compare the swim bladder morphology of gravid, mouth-brooding and recovering females...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185610/reproductive-dynamics-of-lycengraulis-grossidens-clupeiformes-engraulidae-and-platanichthys-platana-clupeiformes-clupeidae-in-a-subtropical-coastal-lagoon
#14
C A Lopes, D A Reynalte-Tataje, A P O Nuñer
We evaluated the reproductive dynamics of two fish species, Lycengraulis grossidens and Platanichthys platana, in a subtropical freshwater coastal lagoon (Peri Lagoon) in Brazil. Samples were collected from nine sites every two months from June 2008 to April 2012. Different fishing methods were used to capture larvae, juveniles, and adults. Limnological variables were obtained using multiparameter probe. More females than males were collected of both fish species and the chi-square test (χ2) was used to confirm that the sex ratio was female-biased...
November 27, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182969/simulated-developmental-and-reproductive-impacts-on-amphibian-populations-and-implications-for-assessing-long-term-effects
#15
Jill A Awkerman, Sandy Raimondo
Fish endpoints measured in early life stage toxicity tests are often used as representative of larval amphibian sensitivity in Ecological Risk Assessment (ERA). This application potentially overlooks the impact of developmental delays on amphibian metamorphosis, and thereby reduced survival, in amphibian populations constrained by habitat availability. Likewise, the effects of reduced productivity or altered sexual development as a result of chemical exposure are not presented in terms of lower population fecundity in these surrogate tests...
November 25, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181881/effects-of-triclosan-on-japanese-medaka-oryzias-latipes-during-embryo-development-early-life-stage-and-reproduction
#16
Yoshifumi Horie, Takahiro Yamagishi, Hiroko Takahashi, Taisen Iguchi, Norihisa Tatarazako
Triclosan has been shown to have endocrine-disrupting effects in aquatic organisms. In 2016, the US Food and Drug Administration banned the use of triclosan in consumer soaps. Before the ban, triclosan was reported at low concentrations in the aquatic environment, although the effect of triclosan on reproduction in teleost fish species is yet to be clarified. Here we investigated the effects of triclosan on embryo development and reproduction, and during the early life stage, in Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) by using Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development tests 229, 212 and 210, with minor modifications...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180113/two-common-mild-analgesics-have-no-effect-on-general-endocrine-mediated-endpoints-in-zebrafish-danio-rerio
#17
Jane E Morthorst, Birgit F Lund, Henrik Holbech, Poul Bjerregaard
Mild analgesics such as acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and acetaminophen (APAP) exert their pain-relieving effect in humans by inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis. Prostaglandins play key roles in developmental and reproductive processes in vertebrates, and in recent years, it has been suggested that weak analgesics might also act as endocrine disrupters. In a set of experiments we investigated if ASA and APAP affect well-established endocrine endpoints in zebrafish (Danio rerio), which is a commonly used model organism in the investigation of endocrine disrupting chemicals...
November 24, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178904/nutritional-supplements-and-herbal-medicines-for-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Susan Arentz, Caroline A Smith, Jason Abbott, Alan Bensoussan
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common, reproductive endocrinopathy associated with serious short and long term health risks. Many women with PCOS use ingestible complementary medicines. This systematic review examined the effect on menstrual regulation and adverse effects from randomised controlled trials. METHODS: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that compared herbal or nutritional supplements to placebo or active controls in women with PCOS were eligible for inclusion...
November 25, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175686/nest-defense-behaviors-in-fathead-minnows-after-lifecycle-exposure-to-the-antidepressant-venlafaxine
#19
Joanne L Parrott, Chris D Metcalfe
Venlafaxine is an antidepressant and anti-anxiety drug that has been detected in municipal wastewater at low μg/L concentrations. In this study, the nest-defense behavior of adult male fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) was observed in fish exposed for a full lifecycle to venlafaxine nominal concentrations of 0.88, 8.8, and 88 μg/L (i.e. 1, 9.3, 75 μg/L mean measured concentrations). Nest-defense behaviors quantified were the time taken to contact a dummy intruder fish (on a flexible stick, held near each nest) and the number of contacts made during a 1 min period...
November 23, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175396/effects-of-triclosan-tcs-on-hormonal-balance-and-genes-of-hypothalamus-pituitary-gonad-axis-of-juvenile-male-yellow-river-carp-cyprinus-carpio
#20
Fan Wang, Fei Liu, Wanguang Chen, Ruijie Xu, Wei Wang
Triclosan (TCS) is a broad spectrum antimicrobial agent which has been widely dispersed and determinated in the aquatic environment. However, the effects of TCS on reproductive endocrine in male fish are poorly understood. In this study, male Yellow River carp (Cyprinus carpio) were exposed to 0, 1/5, 1/10 and 1/20 LC50 (96 h LC50 of TCS to carp) TCS under semi-static conditions for 42 d. Vitellogenin (Vtg), 17β-estradiol (E2), testosterone(T), gonadotropin (GtH), and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
November 20, 2017: Chemosphere
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