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Bing-Li Liu, Guo-Ping Yin, Feng-Fei Li, Yun Hu, Jin-Dan Wu, Mao-Yuan Chen, Lei Ye, Xiao-Fei Su, Jian-Hua Ma
Objective: To compare the effect of the rapid-acting insulin analogues (RAIAs) aspart (NovoRapid) and lispro (Prandilin) on glycemic variations by continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) in patients within newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) receiving continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) and metformin intensive therapy. Methods: This is a single-blind randomized controlled trial. A total of 110 patients with newly diagnosed T2DM and with hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c%) above 9% was hospitalized and randomly divided into two groups: group Asp (NovoRapid group) and group Lis (Prandilin group)...
2018: International Journal of Endocrinology
Anthony Pease, Clement Lo, Arul Earnest, Danny Liew, Sophia Zoungas
BACKGROUND: Technology has been implemented since the 1970s with the hope of improving glycaemic control and reducing the burden of complications for those living with type 1 diabetes. A clinical and cost-effectiveness comparison of all available technologies including continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII), continuous glucose monitors (CGMs), sensor-augmented pump therapy (including either low-glucose suspend or predictive low-glucose suspend), hybrid closed-loop systems, closed-loop (single-hormone or dual-hormone) systems, flash glucose monitoring (FGM), insulin bolus calculators, and 'smart-device' applications is currently lacking...
March 12, 2018: Systematic Reviews
Pamela Apablaza, Néstor Soto, Ethel Codner
Technology for diabetes care has undergone major development during recent decades. These technological advances include continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII), also known as insulin pumps, and real-time continuous glucose monitoring system (RT-CGMS). The integration of CSII and RT-CGMS into a single device has led to sensor-augmented pump therapy and more recently, a technology that has automated delivery of basal insulin therapy, known as hybrid system. These new technologies have led to benefits in attaining better metabolic control and decreasing the incidence of severe hypoglycemia, especially in patients with type 1 diabetes...
May 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
W Gu, Y Liu, Y Chen, W Deng, X Ran, L Chen, D Zhu, J Yang, J Shin, S W Lee, T L Cordero, Y Mu
AIM: Sensor-augmented pump (SAP) technology, which combines continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) and real-time continuous glucose monitoring (RT-CGM), has been available for several years in China. In this study, the time required to reach predefined glycaemic targets with SAP vs multiple daily injection (MDI) therapy was compared in hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Adults (aged 18-65 years) with T2DM treated with insulin and admitted to hospital for glucose management were randomized to either SAP (Medtronic MiniMed™ Paradigm™ 722 system) or MDI with blinded CGM (Medtronic MiniMed CGMS System Gold™) for a 2-week period...
September 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism
Sophie Heinke, Barbara Ludwig, Undine Schubert, Janine Schmid, Thomas Kiss, Anja Steffen, Stefan Bornstein, Stefan Ludwig
BACKGROUND: Safe and reliable diabetes models are a key prerequisite for advanced preclinical studies on diabetes. Chemical induction is the standard model of diabetes in rodents and also widely used in large animal models of non-human primates and minipigs. However, uncertain efficacy, the potential of beta-cell regeneration, and relevant side effects are debatable aspects particularly in large animals. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate a surgical approach of total pancreatectomy combined with splenectomy for diabetes induction in an exploratory study in Goettingen minipigs...
September 2016: Xenotransplantation
Heng Wan, Defu Zhao, Jie Shen, Lu Lu, Tong Zhang, Zhi Chen
To identify a new regimen to optimize treatment for patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (T2DM) by short-term continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) alone. Methods. 60 patients with newly diagnosed T2DM were randomized into two groups (n = 30 each) and treated for 2 weeks with CSII alone (CSII group) or with CSII plus sitagliptin (CSII + Sig group). The glycemic variability of the patients was measured using a continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) for the last 72 hours. A standard meal test was performed before and after the interventions, and the levels of glycated albumin, fasting glucose, fasting C-peptide, postprandial 2 h blood glucose, and postprandial 2 h C-peptide were examined...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
Feng-Fei Li, Xiao-Hua Xu, Li-Yuan Fu, Xiao-Fei Su, Jin-Dan Wu, Chun-Feng Lu, Lei Ye, Jian-Hua Ma
Background and Aims. To evaluate the effect of adding acarbose on glycemic excursions measured by continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) already on insulin therapy. Materials and Methods. This was an opened and unblended study. 134 patients with T2DM were recruited. After initial rapidly corrected hyperglycaemia by continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) for 7 d, a 4-6-day premixed insulin titration period subsequently followed. Patients were then randomized 1 : 1 to acarbose plus insulin group or insulin therapy group for 2 weeks...
2015: International Journal of Endocrinology
David R McCance
Diabetes in pregnancy is still considered a high-risk condition for both mother and baby. Even in the best centres, malformation and mortality rates are reportedly twofold to fivefold higher than in the background population, and pregnancy planning rates remain obstinately poor. Increasing global rates of type 2 diabetes are now extending into pregnancy, with similarly poor outcomes to type 1 diabetes, and excess maternal weight is adding to the complexity of management. Over the last 5-10 years, several randomised trials have offered new insight into the role of oral hypoglycaemic drugs and insulin analogues in pregnancy, while continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) pumps and continuous glucose monitors (CGMs) are under scrutiny...
July 2015: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Orla M Neylon, Timothy C Skinner, Michele A O'Connell, Fergus J Cameron
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Controversy exists regarding which individuals will benefit most from commencement of diabetes technologies such as continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) or continuous glucose monitoring systems (CGMS), such as 'real-time' sensor-augmented pumping (SAP). Because higher usage correlates with haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) achieved, we aimed to predict future usage of technologies using a questionnaire-based tool. SUBJECTS: The tool was distributed to two groups of youth with type 1 diabetes; group A (n = 50; mean age 12 ± 2...
May 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
Rebecca D Wilson, Marilyn Bailey, Mary E Boyle, Karen M Seifert, Karla Y Cortez, Leslie J Baker, Michael J Hovan, Jan Stepanek, Curtiss B Cook
BACKGROUND: We aim to provide data on a diabetes technology simulation course (DTSC) that instructs internal medicine residents in the use of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) and continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) devices. METHODS: The DTSC was implemented during calendar year 2012 and conducted in the institution's simulation center. It consisted of a set of prerequisites, a practicum, and completion of a web-based inpatient CSII-ordering simulation...
November 1, 2013: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Di Wu, Chun-Xiu Gong, Xi Meng, Qiu-Lan Yang
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that complications in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in children are mainly due to oxidative stress (OS). Lipid peroxidation is the main marker of OS and iso-prostaglandin is a reliable biomarker of lipid peroxidation in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, there have been few studies on OS in T1DM children with hyperglycemia and glucose fluctuations. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 23 newly diagnosed T1DM patients and 23 age and sex matched healthy controls in Beijing Children's Hospital from May 2010 to January 2011...
November 2013: Chinese Medical Journal
Ming Li, Jian Zhou, Yu-qian Bao, Wei Lu, Wei-ping Jia
OBJECTIVE: To find out the features of glycemic excursion via continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) during continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) treatment in type 2 diabetics and discuss the possibility of predicting nocturnal hypoglycaemia with bedtime glucose level. METHODS: A total of 257 diabetes patients (156 males and 101 females, aged from 27 - 88 years old) with 0.1 - 40 years diabetic history were recruited. Their HbA1c level was (10.97 ± 2...
November 16, 2010: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Susan L Johnson, Laura N McEwen, Christopher A Newton, Catherine L Martin, Philip Raskin, Jeffrey B Halter, William H Herman
AIMS: To determine whether continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) or multiple daily injections of insulin (MDI) are associated with improved glycemic variability. METHODS: Type 2 diabetic patients ≥60 years of age were randomized to 12 months of CSII (n=53) or MDI (n=54) therapy. Patients were asked to complete monthly eight-point self-monitored glucose profiles (n=78) and continuous glucose monitoring systems (CGMS) for up to 72 h at Months 0, 6, and 12 (n=77)...
July 2011: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Joakim Bragd, Anna von Döbeln, Per-Eric Lins, Ulf Adamson, Jakob Bergström, Per Oskarsson
BACKGROUND: It is generally held that basal insulin substitution with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) provides less variable glucose levels than with long-acting insulin analogs, e.g., glargine, in patients with type 1 diabetes, although this has not been convincingly demonstrated by continuous glucose monitoring. METHODS: To compare glucose control assessed by a continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) during basal insulin substitution with glargine versus CSII, we conducted a non-blinded, randomized, crossover trial in 15 type 1 diabetes patients experienced with CSII...
September 2010: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
I Torres, J Ortego, I Valencia, M V García-Palacios, M Aguilar-Diosdado
BACKGROUND/AIMS: There is insufficient information about the use of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) versus multiple daily injections (MDI) using long-acting insulin analogs in relation to possible metabolic consequences and, as well, on the grade of patient satisfaction. The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of CSII treatment in patients with type 1 diabetes in achieving glycemic objectives using continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) and in improving patient's satisfaction with treatment...
September 2009: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
B Simon, V Treat, C Marco, D Rosenberg, J Joseph, B Hipszer, Y Li, I Chervoneva, L Padron-Massara, S Jabbour
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare glucose variability, hypoglycaemic events and daily glycaemic control in well-controlled (HbA1c <or= 7%), type 1 diabetic patients treated with either continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) using lispro or multiple daily insulin injection (MDI) using glargine once daily and lispro with meals. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 16 patients with type 1 diabetes receiving treatment with either CSII (eight patients) or MDI (eight patients), all with HbA1c levels < 7%, wore a continuous glucose monitoring system sensor for 3 days to compare the number, duration, timing and severity of hyperglycaemic and hypoglycaemic episodes...
December 2008: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Ming Li, Jian Zhou, Yu-qian Bo, Wei Lu, Wei-ping Jia, Kun-san Xiang
OBJECTIVE: To use continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) to investigate the features of hypoglycemia in control of hyperglycemia in T2DM patients by continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) and to study the influencing factors of hypoglycemia. METHODS: Sixty-one T2DM patients, 35 males and 26 females, age 23-88, with the disease duration of 0.5-12 years, HbA1c level of (11.1 +/- 1.6)%, and glycosylated serum protein of (32 +/- 6)%, underwent. CSII and finger blood sugar test...
June 24, 2008: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
T Klupa, T Benbenek-Klupa, M Malecki, M Szalecki, J Sieradzki
This observational study assessed metabolic control in young, active professionals with type 1 diabetes treated with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) with or without the use of a bolus calculator. Eighteen patients aged 19 - 51 years with diabetes duration of 6 - 22 years were included; eight patients used a bolus calculator and 10 did not. Metabolic control was assessed by glycosylated haemoglobin (Hb(A1c)) measurements and blood glucose profiles. A continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) was also used by three patients from each group...
September 2008: Journal of International Medical Research
Howard C Zisser, Wendy C Bevier, Lois Jovanovic
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to use continuous glucose monitoring to derive the optimal basal insulin infusion rates in adults with type 1 diabetes and using continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) pumps. METHODS: In an effort to mimic euglycemia during the basal state, we used a standard protocol to adjust basal insulin infusion rates in 16 subjects with type 1 diabetes mellitus who were using CSII pumps. All subjects wore Continuous Glucose Monitoring System sensors (CGMS), Medtronic Minimed, Northridge, CA) in order to obtain around-the-clock tracings of their glucose measurements...
December 2007: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
M Mozdzan, J Ruxer, J Loba, A Siejka, L Markuszewski
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to determine the safety of three intensive insulin therapy methods: multiple daily insulin injections (MDI), continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) and continuous intravenous insulin infusion (IVII) used in poorly controlled type 2 diabetic patients in hospital condition. The safety of these intensive insulin therapy methods was measured by the assessment of number and duration of symptomatic and symptomfree hypoglycaemic events with use of Continuous Glucose Monitoring System (CGMS, Medtronic MiniMed)...
2006: Advances in Medical Sciences
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