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Two photon microscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634138/intracellular-and-transdermal-protein-delivery-mediated-by-non-covalent-interactions-with-a-synthetic-guanidine-rich-molecular-carrier
#1
Jungkyun Im, Sanket Das, Dongjun Jeong, Chang-Jin Kim, Hyun-Suk Lim, Ki Hean Kim, Sung-Kee Chung
The impermeability of the cell plasma membrane is one of the major barriers for protein transduction into mammalian cells, and it also limits the use of proteins as therapeutic agents. Protein transduction has usually been achieved based on certain invasive processes or cell penetrating peptides (CPP). Herein we report our study in which a synthetic guanidine-rich molecular carrier is used as a delivery vector for intracellular and transdermal delivery of proteins. First a sorbitol-based molecular carrier having 8 guanidine units (Sor-G8) was synthesized, and then was simply mixed with a cargo protein of varying sizes to form the non-covalent complex of carrier-cargo proteins...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630485/acute-administration-of-catalase-targeted-to-icam-1-attenuates-neuropathology-in-experimental-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Evan M Lutton, Roshanak Razmpour, Allison M Andrews, Lee Anne Cannella, Young-Jin Son, Vladimir V Shuvaev, Vladimir R Muzykantov, Servio H Ramirez
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) contributes to one third of injury related deaths in the US. Treatment strategies for TBI are supportive, and the pathophysiology is not fully understood. Secondary mechanisms of injury in TBI, such as oxidative stress and inflammation, are points at which intervention may reduce neuropathology. Evidence suggests that reactive oxygen species (ROS) propagate blood-brain barrier (BBB) hyperpermeability and inflammation following TBI. We hypothesized that targeted detoxification of ROS may improve the pathological outcomes of TBI...
June 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630435/in-situ-electrical-and-thermal-monitoring-of-printed-electronics-by-two-photon-mapping
#3
Francesco Pastorelli, Nicolò Accanto, Mikkel Jørgensen, Niek F van Hulst, Frederik C Krebs
Printed electronics is emerging as a new, large scale and cost effective technology that will be disruptive in fields such as energy harvesting, consumer electronics and medical sensors. The performance of printed electronic devices relies principally on the carrier mobility and molecular packing of the polymer semiconductor material. Unfortunately, the analysis of such materials is generally performed with destructive techniques, which are hard to make compatible with in situ measurements, and pose a great obstacle for the mass production of printed electronics devices...
June 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630145/activity-dependent-trafficking-of-lysosomes-in-dendrites-and-dendritic-spines
#4
Marisa S Goo, Laura Sancho, Natalia Slepak, Daniela Boassa, Thomas J Deerinck, Mark H Ellisman, Brenda L Bloodgood, Gentry N Patrick
In neurons, lysosomes, which degrade membrane and cytoplasmic components, are thought to primarily reside in somatic and axonal compartments, but there is little understanding of their distribution and function in dendrites. Here, we used conventional and two-photon imaging and electron microscopy to show that lysosomes traffic bidirectionally in dendrites and are present in dendritic spines. We find that lysosome inhibition alters their mobility and also decreases dendritic spine number. Furthermore, perturbing microtubule and actin cytoskeletal dynamics has an inverse relationship on the distribution and motility of lysosomes in dendrites...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624080/impact-of-the-homogenization-process-on-the-structure-and-antioxidant-properties-of-chitosan-lignin-composite-films
#5
Kevin Crouvisier-Urion, Aurélie Lagorce-Tachon, Camille Lauquin, Pascale Winckler, Wirongrong Tongdeesoontorn, Sandra Domenek, Frédéric Debeaufort, Thomas Karbowiak
This work investigated the impact of two homogenization treatments, High Shear (HS) and High Pressure (HP), on the structure and antioxidant activity of chitosan-lignin bio-composite films. Laser light scattering analysis revealed that smaller lignin particles were obtained after HP processing, around 0.6μm, compared to HS treatment, between 2.5 and 5μm. Moreover, these particles were more homogeneously distributed in the chitosan film matrix after HP process, while some aggregates remained after HS treatment, as highlighted by two-photon microscopy...
December 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623341/metabolic-fingerprinting-of-bacteria-by-fluorescence-lifetime-imaging-microscopy
#6
Arunima Bhattacharjee, Rupsa Datta, Enrico Gratton, Allon I Hochbaum
Bacterial populations exhibit a range of metabolic states influenced by their environment, intra- and interspecies interactions. The identification of bacterial metabolic states and transitions between them in their native environment promises to elucidate community behavior and stochastic processes, such as antibiotic resistance acquisition. In this work, we employ two-photon fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM) to create a metabolic fingerprint of individual bacteria and populations. FLIM of autofluorescent reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate), NAD(P)H, has been previously exploited for label-free metabolic imaging of mammalian cells...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619449/development-of-semisolid-self-microemulsifying-drug-delivery-systems-smeddss-filled-in-hard-capsules-for-oral-delivery-of-aciclovir
#7
Ljiljana Djekic, Jovana Jankovic, Bojan Čalija, Marija Primorac
The study aimed to develop semisolid self-microemulsifying drug delivery systems (SMEDDSs) as carriers for oral delivery of aciclovir in hard hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose (HPMC) capsules. Six self-dispersing systems (SD1-SD6) were prepared by loading aciclovir into the semisolid formulations consisting of medium chain length triglycerides (lipid), macrogolglycerol hydroxystearate (surfactant), polyglyceryl-3-dioleate (cosurfactant), glycerol (hydrophilic cosolvent), and macrogol 8000 (viscosity modifier). Their characterization was performed in order to identify the semisolid system with rheological behaviour suitable for filling in hard HPMC capsules and fast dispersibility in acidic and alkaline aqueous media with formation of oil-in-water microemulsions...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601576/real-time-monitoring-of-microdistribution-of-antibody-photon-absorber-conjugates-during-photoimmunotherapy-in-vivo
#8
Qinggong Tang, Tadanobu Nagaya, Yi Liu, Jonathan Lin, Kazuhide Sato, Hisataka Kobayashi, Yu Chen
Photoimmunotherapy (PIT) is an emerging low side effect cancer therapy based on a monoclonal antibody (mAb) conjugated with a near-infrared (NIR) phthalocyanine dye IRDye 700DX. IR700 is fluorescent, can be used as an imaging agent, and also is phototoxic. It induces rapid cell death after exposure to NIR light. PIT induces highly selective cancer cell death, while leaving most of tumor blood vessels unharmed, leading to an effect called super-enhanced permeability and retention (SUPR). SUPR significantly improves the effectiveness of the anticancer drug...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597887/revealing-the-structure-and-functionality-of-graphene-oxide-and-reduced-graphene-oxide-pyrene-carboxylic-acid-interfaces-by-correlative-spectral-and-imaging-analysis
#9
D Zaharie-Butucel, M Potara, A M Craciun, R Boukherroub, S Szunerits, S Astilean
A high-end correlated spectral and imaging multianalysis, adapted for bidimensional systems, is presented here to analyze graphene oxide (GO) and reduced GO (rGO) modified with pyrene carboxylic acid (PCA). Confocal Raman mapping was used next to two-photon excited Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging Microscopy (FLIM) to characterize the distribution of PCA on GO and rGO and compared to UV-vis and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) analysis of the materials. Raman imaging clearly highlights the difference in the spatial distribution of PCA molecules on GO and rGO...
June 21, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594468/application-of-an-advanced-maximum-likelihood-estimation-restoration-method-for-enhanced-resolution-and-contrast-in-second-harmonic-generation-microscopy
#10
Mayandi Sivaguru, Mohammad M Kabir, Manas Rangan Gartia, David S C Biggs, Barghav S Sivaguru, Vignesh A Sivaguru, Glenn A Fried, Gang Logan Liu, Sakthivel Sadayappan, Kimani C Toussaint
Second-harmonic generation (SHG) microscopy has gained popularity because of its ability to perform submicron, label-free imaging of noncentrosymmetric biological structures, such as fibrillar collagen in the extracellular matrix environment of various organs with high contrast and specificity. Because SHG is a two-photon coherent scattering process, it is difficult to define a point spread function (PSF) for this modality. Hence, compared to incoherent two-photon processes like two-photon fluorescence, it is challenging to apply the various PSF-engineering methods to improve the spatial resolution to be close to the diffraction limit...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593034/nanospan-an-alternatively-spliced-isoform-of-sarcospan-localizes-to-the-sarcoplasmic-reticulum-in-skeletal-muscle-and-is-absent-in-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-2f
#11
Angela K Peter, Gaynor Miller, Joana Capote, Marino DiFranco, Alhondra Solares-Pérez, Emily L Wang, Jim Heighway, Ramón M Coral-Vázquez, Julio Vergara, Rachelle H Crosbie-Watson
BACKGROUND: Sarcospan (SSPN) is a transmembrane protein that interacts with the sarcoglycans (SGs) to form a tight subcomplex within the dystrophin-glycoprotein complex that spans the sarcolemma and interacts with laminin in the extracellular matrix. Overexpression of SSPN ameliorates Duchenne muscular dystrophy in murine models. METHODS: Standard cloning approaches were used to identify nanospan, and nanospan-specific polyclonal antibodies were generated and validated...
2017: Skeletal Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589347/fate-mapping-and-transcript-profiling-of-germinal-center-cells-by-two-photon-photoconversion
#12
Imogen Moran, Tri Giang Phan
The germinal center (GC) reaction is the key process for the generation of high affinity antibodies to foreign antigen. Standard experimental techniques such as fluorescence-activated cell sorting and histology have provided numerous insights into the composition and function of the GC. However, these approaches are limited to a "snapshot" in time and are unable to fully capture the dynamic nature of the GC. Intravital two-photon microscopy overcomes these disadvantages and has led to several major advances in the field but is restricted by practical and technical limits that prevent long-range mapping and molecular studies...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589345/tracking-plasma-cell-differentiation-in-living-mice-with-two-photon-microscopy
#13
Carolin Ulbricht, Randall L Lindquist, Laura Tech, Anja E Hauser
Due to the multitude of cell types involved in the differentiation of plasma cells during the germinal center reaction, and due to a lack of in vitro systems, which recapitulate germinal centers, the most suitable way to study plasma cell generation in germinal centers is in vivo. In this chapter we describe how to induce humoral immune responses to defined model antigens and how to visualize and track plasma cells and their interactions with other cells in the lymph nodes of living mice.
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587652/nanospan-an-alternatively-spliced-isoform-of-sarcospan-localizes-to-the-sarcoplasmic-reticulum-in-skeletal-muscle-and-is-absent-in-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-2f
#14
Angela K Peter, Gaynor Miller, Joana Capote, Marino DiFranco, Alhondra Solares-Pérez, Emily L Wang, Jim Heighway, Ramón M Coral-Vázquez, Julio Vergara, Rachelle H Crosbie-Watson
BACKGROUND: Sarcospan (SSPN) is a transmembrane protein that interacts with the sarcoglycans (SGs) to form a tight subcomplex within the dystrophin-glycoprotein complex that spans the sarcolemma and interacts with laminin in the extracellular matrix. Overexpression of SSPN ameliorates Duchenne muscular dystrophy in murine models. METHODS: Standard cloning approaches were used to identify nanospan, and nanospan-specific polyclonal antibodies were generated and validated...
June 6, 2017: Skeletal Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582617/a-molecular-switch-for-sub-diffraction-laser-lithography-by-photoenol-intermediate-state-cis-trans-isomerization
#15
Patrick Mueller, Markus M Zieger, Benjamin Richter, Alexander S Quick, Joachim Fischer, Jonathan B Mueller, Lu Zhou, Gerd Ulrich Nienhaus, Martin Bastmeyer, Christopher Barner-Kowollik, Martin Wegener
Recent developments in stimulated-emission depletion (STED) microscopy have led to a step change in the achievable resolution and allowed breaking the diffraction limit by large factors. The core principle is based on a reversible molecular switch, allowing for light-triggered activation and deactivation in combination with a laser focus that incorporates a point or line of zero intensity. In the last years, the concept has been transferred from microscopy to maskless laser lithography, namely direct laser writing (DLW), in order to overcome the diffraction limit for optical lithography...
June 5, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581831/development-and-characterization-of-new-and-scalable-topical-formulations-containing-n-acetyl-d-glucosamine-loaded-solid-lipid-nanoparticles
#16
Joana Marto, Cecilia Sangalli, Priscilla Capra, Paola Perugini, Andreia Ascenso, Lídia Gonçalves, Helena Ribeiro
N-Acetyl-d-glucosamine (NAG) has been recently considered for topical treatment of hyperpigmentation disorders due to its inhibitory effect on thyrosinase enzymes in melanocytes. NAG is a precursor of hyaluronic acid, increasing its amount in skin, and consequently, preserving the skin hydration and elasticity. It may also act as an emulsion stabilizer. Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) are advanced delivery systems successfully used in pharmaceutical and cosmetic formulations for the improvement of active molecules penetration into the skin...
June 21, 2017: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578390/a-proof-of-concept-study-for-developing-integrated-two-photon-microscopic-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-modality-at-ultrahigh-field-of-16-4-tesla
#17
Meng Cui, Yifeng Zhou, Bowen Wei, Xiao-Hong Zhu, Wei Zhu, Mark A Sanders, Kamil Ugurbil, Wei Chen
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) based on the blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) contrast has gained a prominent position in neuroscience for imaging neuronal activity and studying effective brain connectivity under working state and functional connectivity at resting state. However, the fundamental questions in regards to fMRI technology: how the BOLD signal inferences the underlying microscopic neuronal activity and physiological changes and what is the ultimate specificity of fMRI for functional mapping of microcircuits, remain unanswered...
June 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576320/self-assembled-structures-of-n-alkylated-bisbenzimidazolyl-naphthalene-in-aqueous-media-for-highly-sensitive-detection-of-picric-acid
#18
Yan-Cheng Wu, Shi-He Luo, Liang Cao, Kai Jiang, Ling-Yun Wang, Jie-Chun Xie, Zhao-Yang Wang
A 2,6-dibenzimidazole-appended naphthalene derivative flanking with two N-alkyl chains (sensor 4) was designed and applied for highly sensitive detection of picric acid (PA) in aqueous media. Driven by the hydrophobicity of alkyl chain and π-π stacking effect of aryl, sensor 4 can undergo self-assembly to form an orderly rod-like structure in H2O/THF (v/v, 90/10) solution, as shown by the dynamic light scattering (DLS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) studies. Sensor 4 shows high selectivity and sensitivity toward PA over other nitroaromatic explosives...
July 11, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574250/antibody-conjugated-raman-tagged-hollow-gold-silver-nanospheres-for-specific-targeting-and-multimodal-dark-field-sers-two-photon-flim-imaging-of-cd19-b-lymphoblasts
#19
Timea Nagy-Simon, Andra-Sorina Tatar, Ana-Maria Craciun, Adriana Vulpoi, Maria-Ancuta Jurj, Adrian Florea, Ciprian Tomuleasa, Ioana Berindan-Neagoe, Simion Astilean, Sanda Boca
In this Research Article, we propose a new class of contrast agents for the detection and multimodal imaging of CD19(+) cancer lymphoblasts. The agents are based on NIR responsive hollow gold-silver nanospheres conjugated with antiCD19 monoclonal antibodies and marked with Nile Blue (NB) SERS active molecules (HNS-NB-PEG-antiCD19). Proof of concept experiments on specificity of the complex for the investigated cells was achieved by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The microspectroscopic investigations via dark field (DF), surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), and two-photon excited fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (TPE-FLIM) corroborate with TEM and demonstrate successful and preferential internalization of the antibody-nanocomplex...
June 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571460/correlative-imaging-across-microscopy-platforms-using-the-fast-and-accurate-relocation-of-microscopic-experimental-regions-farmer-method
#20
Toan Huynh, Matthew K Daddysman, Ying Bao, Alan Selewa, Andrey Kuznetsov, Louis H Philipson, Norbert F Scherer
Imaging specific regions of interest (ROIs) of nanomaterials or biological samples with different imaging modalities (e.g., light and electron microscopy) or at subsequent time points (e.g., before and after off-microscope procedures) requires relocating the ROIs. Unfortunately, relocation is typically difficult and very time consuming to achieve. Previously developed techniques involve the fabrication of arrays of features, the procedures for which are complex, and the added features can interfere with imaging the ROIs...
May 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
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