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Occupational health nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096027/work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-primary-health-care-nurses
#1
Tânia Ribeiro, Florentino Serranheira, Helena Loureiro
BACKGROUND: Work related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) constitute a serious occupational health problem among registered nurses (RN) all around the world. Its prevalence is mainly associated with nurses' high physical demands that still remain poorly studied in primary health care (PHC). PURPOSE: To describe nurses' self-reported symptoms of WRMSDs (mainly discomfort and pain) in PHC, featuring the main work tasks that may have risk factors for its development...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095758/ethical-difficulties-in-healthcare
#2
Cinzia Leuter, Carmen La Cerra, Santina Calisse, Danila Dosa, Cristina Petrucci, Loreto Lancia
BACKGROUND: Advances in biomedical sciences, technologies and care practices have resulted in an increase in ethical problems and a resulting growth of difficulties encountered by health workers in their professional activity. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to analyse knowledge in the ethical field and experience with and the propensity for using ethics consultations by nurses and physicians. METHODS: Between March and June 2014, a cross-sectional observational study was conducted on a sample of 351 nurses and 128 physicians in four central Italian hospitals...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077822/factors-associated-with-work-ability-index-wai-among-intensive-care-units-icus-nurses
#3
Akbar Rostamabadi, Zahra Zamanian, Zahra Sedaghat
: Objectives Work ability is a crucial occupational health issue in health care settings where a high physical and psychosocial work capacity is required and a high risk of disabling injuries and illnesses is predictable. This study aims to examine the association between the work ability index (WAI) and individual characterizations, workload, fatigue, and diseases among intensive care units' (ICUs') nurses. METHODS: The study sample included 214 nurses selected by a random sampling method from a target population consisting of 321 registered nurses working in eight ICUs...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075716/factors-predicting-the-provision-of-smoking-cessation-services-among-occupational-health-nurses-in-thailand
#4
Kannikar Chatdokmaiprai, Surintorn Kalampakorn, Marjorie McCullagh, Sunee Lagampan, Sansanee Keeratiwiriyaporn
The purpose of this study was to identify factors predicting occupational health nurses' provision of smoking cessation services. Data were collected via a self-administered questionnaire distributed to 254 occupational health nurses in Thailand. Analysis by structural equation modeling revealed that self-efficacy directly and positively influenced smoking cessation services, and mediated the relationship between workplace factors, nurse factors, and smoking cessation services. The final model had good fit to the data, accounting for 20...
January 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068999/intention-to-leave-profession-psychosocial-environment-and-self-rated-health-among-registered-nurses-from-large-hospitals-in-brazil-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Daiana Rangel de Oliveira, Rosane Härter Griep, Luciana Fernandes Portela, Lucia Rotenberg
BACKGROUND: Nurses' intention to leave their profession is a worldwide concern. Studies have shown that it can take the form of a chain reaction: many nurses first leave the unit, then the hospital, and finally the profession. Organisation and other labour factors, personal and conjunctural, have been associated with the intention to quit nursing. This study aimed to examine the factors associated with the intention to leave the profession among registered nurses (RNs) at large public hospitals in Brazil...
January 10, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068356/mrsa-prevalence-and-risk-factors-among-health-personnel-and-residents-in-nursing-homes-in-hamburg-germany-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Claudia Peters, Madeleine Dulon, Olaf Kleinmüller, Albert Nienhaus, Anja Schablon
INTRODUCTION: The increase of multidrug-resistant organisms in hospitals causes problems in nursing homes. Staff in geriatric nursing homes are at greater risk of MRSA colonisation. The aim of the study was to describe the occupational exposure to MRSA among health personnel in geriatric nursing. METHODS: A point prevalence survey was conducted among health personnel and residents of geriatric nursing homes within the greater Hamburg district. Nasal swabs and, where relevant, wound swabs were collected for the screening survey...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064733/a-work-systems-analysis-approach-to-understanding-fatigue-in-hospital-nurses
#7
Linsey M Steege, Kalyan S Pasupathy, Diane A Drake
Occupational fatigue is an important challenge in improving health and safety in healthcare systems. A secondary analysis of cross-sectional data from a survey sample comprised of 340 hospital nurses was conducted to explore the relationships between components of the nursing work system (person, tasks, tools and technology, environment, organization) and nurse fatigue and recovery levels. All components of the work system were significantly associated with changes in fatigue and recovery. Results of a tree-based classification method indicated significant interactions between multiple work system components and fatigue and recovery...
January 9, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061740/prevalence-and-determinants-of-bullying-among-health-care-workers-in-portugal
#8
Pedro Norton, Viviana Costa, Joel Teixeira, Ana Azevedo, António Roma-Torres, Joana Amaro, Liliana Cunha
Bullying is defined as systematic exposure to humiliation as well as hostile and violent behaviors against one or more individuals. These behaviors are a serious, growing problem, which affects a significant proportion of health care professionals. To support the hospital's risk management policy, a cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of bullying in this institution and identify the determinants of bullying. Bullying was measured using the Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised, Portuguese version (NAQ-R), a self-administered tool...
January 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056865/why-women-do-not-ask-for-information-on-preconception-health-a-qualitative-study
#9
Renata Bortolus, Nadia C Oprandi, Francesca Rech Morassutti, Luca Marchetto, Francesca Filippini, Eleonora Agricola, Alberto E Tozzi, Carlo Castellani, Faustina Lalatta, Bruno Rusticali, Pierpaolo Mastroiacovo
BACKGROUND: Preconception care involves health promotion to reduce risk factors that might affect women and couples of childbearing age. The risk factors of adverse reproductive outcomes include recognized genetic diseases in the family or the individual, previous congenital diseases, miscarriage, prematurity, fetal growth restriction, infertility, chronic maternal diseases, lifestyle, and occupational or environmental factors. Effective preconception care involves a range of preventive, therapeutic and behavioural interventions...
January 5, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055518/rocky-mountain-spotted-fever
#10
Jennan Phillips
The tick-borne disease Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) can have deadly outcomes unless treated appropriately, yet nonspecific flu-like symptoms complicate diagnosis. Occupational health nurses must have a high index of suspicion with symptomatic workers and recognize that recent recreational or occupational activities with potential tick exposure may suggest RMSF.
January 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043249/-an-investigation-of-psychological-state-at-different-stages-of-occupational-aids-exposure-and-related-influencing-factors-in-nanning-china
#11
Q Lin, X M Ge, J C Mo, S S Li, C C Chen, S Y Chen
Objective: To investigate the changes in psychological state after occupational exposure in the AIDS occupational exposure population and related influencing factors, and to provide baseline data and a basis for related departments to conduct mental health prevention and intervention for personnel with occupational AIDS exposure. Methods: AIDS risk assessment was performed for all personnel with occupational AIDS exposure in 2014 in Nanning, China, and the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90) psychological scale was used for psychological state evaluation at 24 hours, 1 week, and 3 months after occupational exposure in all persons who met the research criteria...
October 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042908/preparing-mental-health-professionals-for-new-directions-in-mental-health-practice-evaluating-the-sensory-approaches-e-learning-training-package
#12
Pamela Meredith, Harriet Yeates, Amanda Greaves, Michelle Taylor, Maddy Slattery, Michelle Charters, Melissa Hill
The application of sensory modulation approaches in mental health settings is growing in recognition internationally. However, a number of barriers have been identified as limiting the implementation of the approach, including workplace culture and a lack of accessible and effective sensory approaches training. The aim of this project was to investigate the efficacy of providing this training through a custom-designed e-learning package. Participants in the present study were predominately nurses and occupational therapists working in mental health settings in Queensland, Australia...
January 2, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042212/occurrence-of-needlestick-and-injuries-among-health-care-workers-of-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-in-north-india
#13
Varun Goel, Dinesh Kumar, Raghavendra Lingaiah, Sarman Singh
INTRODUCTION: Occupational hazards such as accidental exposure to sharp, cuts, and splashes are common among health-care workers (HCWs). AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the occurrence of self-reported occupational exposures to these hazards and to know the prevalent practices following the exposure. The second aim was to know the baseline antibody levels against hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) immediately after these accidents...
January 2017: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041818/-prevention-and-nursing-care-in-the-first-case-of-ebola-virus-disease-contracted-outside-africa
#14
Alicia Cerón-Serrano, Rafael Jiménez-Castellano, Ana María Gómez-Campos
After the evacuation from Africa to Western hospitals of several international workers with the Ebola virus disease, the first case of contagion outside Africa occurred in Madrid, Spain. A nursing care assistant who had attended a missionary repatriated from Sierra Leone contracted the disease. On October 7(th) 2014, the patient arrived at the University Hospital La Paz-Carlos III in Madrid. She remained in the hospital for 30 days, 25 of which were in strict isolation in a negative pressure room with air lock anteroom; personal protective equipment was required...
December 29, 2016: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041774/the-effects-of-expanded-nurse-practitioner-and-physician-assistant-scope-of-practice-on-the-cost-of-medicaid-patient-care
#15
Edward Joseph Timmons
The provision of health care to low-income Americans remains an ongoing policy challenge. In this paper, I examine how important changes to occupational licensing laws for nurse practitioners and physician assistants have affected cost and intensity of health care for Medicaid patients. The results suggest that allowing physician assistants to prescribe controlled substances is associated with a substantial (more than 11%) reduction in the dollar amount of outpatient claims per Medicaid recipient. I find little evidence that expanded scope of practice has affected proxies for care intensity such as total claims and total care days...
December 23, 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034412/does-adoption-of-electronic-health-records-improve-organizational-performances-of-hospital-surgical-units-results-from-the-french-e-si-preps-sips-study
#16
Morgane Plantier, Nathalie Havet, Thierry Durand, Nicolas Caquot, Camille Amaz, Irène Philip, Pierre Biron, Lionel Perrier
BACKGROUND: Electronic health records (EHR) are increasingly being adopted by healthcare systems worldwide. In France, the "Hôpital numérique 2012-2017" program was implemented as part of a strategic plan to modernize health information technology (HIT), including promotion of widespread EHR use. With significant upfront investment costs as well as ongoing operational expenses, it is important to assess this system in terms of its ability to result in improvements in hospital performances...
February 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033163/a-retrospective-comparison-of-home-telehealth-and-nursing-care-with-or-without-rehabilitation-therapy-on-rehospitalization-rates-of-individuals-with-heart-failure
#17
Stacy Martin, Bill Anderson, Jennifer L Vincenzo, Sajid Yousuf Zai
PURPOSE: Congestive heart failure (CHF) is the most common reason for rehospitalization among the aging population, accounting for one-fifth of all hospital admissions. To date, there is no research comparing the rehospitalization rates between patients with CHF (PWCHF) who receive telehealth and home health nursing care versus a multidisciplinary team consisting of telehealth, home nursing, physical therapy (PT), and/or occupational therapy (OT). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed with 132 Medicare Part A home health patients discharged from an inpatient setting with a primary or secondary diagnosis of CHF receiving daily telehealth over the course of 1 year...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032558/early-learners-as-health-coaches-for-older-adults-preparing-for-surgery
#18
Jennifer A Kaplan, Zabecca Brinson, Rebecca Hofer, Patricia O'Sullivan, Anna Chang, Helen Horvath, George J Chang, Emily Finlayson
BACKGROUND: Few opportunities exist for early learners to engage in authentic roles on health care teams. In a geriatric optimization clinic for frail high-risk surgical patients, first-year medical and nurse practitioner students were integrated into an interprofessional team as health coaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Frail surgical patients with planned operations were referred to a new preoperative optimization clinic to see a geriatrician, occupational, and physical therapists and a nutritionist...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010906/zoonotic-disease-risk-perceptions-in-the-british-veterinary-profession
#19
Charlotte Robin, Judy Bettridge, Fiona McMaster
In human and veterinary medicine, reducing the risk of occupationally-acquired infections relies on effective infection prevention and control practices (IPCs). In veterinary medicine, zoonoses present a risk to practitioners, yet little is known about how these risks are understood and how this translates into health protective behaviour. This study aimed to explore risk perceptions within the British veterinary profession and identify motivators and barriers to compliance with IPCs. A cross-sectional study was conducted using veterinary practices registered with the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons...
January 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007445/functional-goals-and-predictors-of-their-attainment-in-low-income-community-dwelling-older-adults
#20
Brian W Waldersen, Jennifer L Wolff, Laken Roberts, Allysin E Bridges, Laura N Gitlin, Sarah L Szanton
OBJECTIVE: To describe functional goals and factors associated with goal attainment among low-income older adults with disabilities living in the community. DESIGN: Secondary analysis from two studies of CAPABLE. Functional goals were coded using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) framework. The percentage of goals attained at five months follow-up was computed within each ICF domain. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with goal attainment...
December 19, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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