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Occupational health nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683254/examining-burnout-profiles-in-relation-to-health-and-well-being-in-the-veterans-health-administration-employee-population
#1
Tamara M Schult, David C Mohr, Katerine Osatuke
The goals of this paper were twofold: (a) To provide a population overview of burnout profiles by occupation in a large, health care sector employee population and (b) to investigate how burnout profiles relate to self-reported health behaviours, chronic conditions, and absenteeism. Burnout profiles were considered by 5 main occupational groups (physicians, nurses, other clinical, administrative, and wage grade [trade, craft, and labor workers]) in survey respondents (n = 86,257 employees). Logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine how burnout profiles were associated with health controlling for gender, age, race, ethnicity, and occupational group...
April 23, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665775/contact-among-healthcare-workers-in-the-hospital-setting-developing-the-evidence-base-for-innovative-approaches-to-infection-control
#2
Krista M English, Joanne M Langley, Allison McGeer, Nathaniel Hupert, Raymond Tellier, Bonnie Henry, Scott A Halperin, Lynn Johnston, Babak Pourbohloul
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial, or healthcare-associated infections (HAI), exact a high medical and financial toll on patients, healthcare workers, caretakers, and the health system. Interpersonal contact patterns play a large role in infectious disease spread, but little is known about the relationship between health care workers' (HCW) movements and contact patterns within a heath care facility and HAI. Quantitatively capturing these patterns will aid in understanding the dynamics of HAI and may lead to more targeted and effective control strategies in the hospital setting...
April 17, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650395/changing-diet-and-physical-activity-in-nurses-a-pilot-study-and-process-evaluation-highlighting-challenges-in-workplace-health-promotion
#3
Luciana Torquati, Tracy Kolbe-Alexander, Toby Pavey, Michael Leveritt
OBJECTIVE: To use the Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance framework to evaluate and understand key implementation and context factors of a diet and physical activity (PA) workplace intervention for nurses. METHODS: A 3-month pilot intervention was developed to promote diet and PA behavior through self-monitoring, goal setting, and social support using pedometers, a smartphone app, and a dedicated Facebook group. Measures included diet quality, daily PA, adoption, and implementation (including qualitative data)...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629067/a-prospective-study-of-psychomotor-performance-of-driving-among-two-kinds-of-shift-work-in-iran
#4
Soheil Saadat, Mojgan Karbakhsh, Mahnaz Saremi, Iraj Alimohammadi, Hassan Ashayeri, Mahsa Fayaz, Farideh Sadeghian, Reza Rostami
Background and aim: Driving after a night shift imposes a risk on health care professionals and other road users. The aim of this study was to measure psychomotor performance of driving of night shift nurses compared to day-shift nurses. Methods: Forty-seven volunteer female nurses working at Sina hospital in Tehran, Iran, with a call in all departments of hospital, participated in this study (23 night shift and 24 day shift nurses) in 2016. The tests included RT for simple reaction time, ATAVT for perceptual speed, LVT for visual orientation and ZBA for time anticipation...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618910/shift-work-and-quality-of-personal-professional-and-family-life-among-health-care-workers-in-a-rehabilitation-center-in-greece
#5
Georgia I Skoufi, Georgios A Lialios, Styliani Papakosta, Theodoros C Constantinidis, Petros Galanis, Evangelia Nena
Context: Adverse work schedules and conditions may affect the physical, mental, and social wellbeing of workers, impairing quality of life and causing conflict between family and work roles. Aims: To compare quality of life, professional quality of life (ProQOL), and work/family conflict (WFC) between shift workers and nonshift workers and explore possible associations with demographic characteristics. Settings and Design: : A cross-sectional study was conducted in a rehabilitation center in Central Greece, recording demographic, occupational, and family characteristics...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613879/the-relationship-between-nursing-workload-quality-of-care-and-nursing-payment-in-intensive-care-units
#6
Li-Yin Chang, Hsiu-Hui Yu, Yann-Fen C Chao
BACKGROUND: Nursing workload is highly associated with patient safety. It has been argued that the imbalance between nursing payment and nursing workload in Taiwan National Health Insurance (NHI)-covered intensive care units (ICUs) has resulted in the inadequate allocation of nursing manpower. However, limited empirical data are currently available to support this argument. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between nursing workload, quality of care, and NHI-covered nursing payments in ICU settings...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611457/medicare-bundled-payments-for-post-acute-care-characteristics-and-baseline-performance-of-participating-skilled-nursing-facilities
#7
Xi Cen, Helena Temkin-Greener, Yue Li
Medicare bundled payment models have focused on post-acute care as a key component of improving the efficiency and quality of health care. This study investigated the characteristics and baseline performance of skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) that participated in Medicare Bundled Payments for Care Improvement Initiative Model 3. As of July 2016, 657 SNFs participated in 7,932 episodes in risk-bearing phase. Our retrospective analyses found that larger facilities, higher occupancy rate, chain affiliation, better five-star overall rating, and higher market competition for SNF care were associated with increased likelihood of enrolling in clinical episodes in Model 3, whereas not-for-profit ownership, higher adjusted staffing levels, higher percentage of Medicaid residents, and rural location were associated with reduced likelihood of participation in Bundled Payments for Care Improvement...
April 1, 2018: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607386/occupational-stress-in-the-indian-army-oncology-nursing-workforce-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Neelam Sharma, Puneet Takkar, Abhishek Purkayastha, Pradeep Jaiswal, Sachin Taneja, Nishant Lohia, Anu Rani Augustine
Objective: This cross-sectional, quantitative epidemiological study was aimed at finding out the degree of work-related stress among the staff nurses working in oncology. Methods: This study was conducted on 81 out of 100 oncology-trained nurses working in various oncology centers of Indian Army who consented to participate in it. It was carried out in five oncology centers of our organization where oncology-related facilities are available. Predesigned and pretested questionnaire covering their sociodemographic variables in part I and professional life stress scale by David Fontana in part II...
April 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605754/interventions-to-prevent-and-reduce-the-impact-of-musculoskeletal-injuries-among-nurses-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Amy Richardson, Bronwen McNoe, Sarah Derrett, Helen Harcombe
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries and musculoskeletal pain are prevalent among nurses compared to many other occupational groups. OBJECTIVE: To identify interventions that may be effective at reducing the prevalence and impact of musculoskeletal injuries and pain in registered nurses. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: Seven databases were systematically searched, including MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycInfo, Academic Search Complete, Health Source Nursing, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
March 23, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603250/what-factors-influence-time-use-of-occupational-therapists-in-the-workplace-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Bianca E Summers, Kate E Laver, Rebecca J Nicks, Natasha A Lannin
BACKGROUND: Health-care expenditure is rapidly increasing in Australia with increasing pressure on health-care services to review processes, improve efficiency and ensure equity in service delivery. The nursing profession have improved efficiency and patient care by investigating time-use to describe current practice and support development of workforce planning models. There is, however, a lack of information to understand factors that impact on occupational therapists time-use in the clinical setting impacting the development of workforce planning models which adapt occupational therapy service delivery to match resources with demand...
March 30, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595097/the-effect-of-nurses-empowerment-perceptions-on-job-safety-behaviors-a-research-study-in-turkey
#11
Ahmet Yıldız, Sıdıka Kaya, Mesut Teleş, Cahit Korku
Abstrtact Objective: Nurses are subjected to many occupational risks and dangers in their working environment. Empowerment may affect their job safety behaviours positively and contribute to their safety. This study aimed to investigate the effect of nurses' empowerment perceptions on job safety behaviours. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey of 377 nurses working in 5 hospitals in Turkey was conducted using the conditions of work effectiveness questionnaire, psychological empowerment instrument, universal precautions compliance scale, and occupational health and safety obligations compliance scale...
March 29, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593176/-structure-of-relationships-formed-by-occupational-health-nurses-for-co-operating-with-managers-to-support-workers-with-mental-health-concerns
#12
Junko Hatanaka, Masako Takasaki, Michiyo Hatanaka
OBJECTIVE: Occupational health staff and managers play important roles in supporting workers with mental health concerns and mutual co-operation among them is a necessary element. However, when co-operating with other professionals, several problems arise that often make such co-operation a challenge. Effective mutual actions are needed to promote such co-operation, and relationships must be formed for this purpose. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to clarify how occupational health nurses form relationships for facilitating co-operation with managers to provide support to workers with mental health concerns...
March 29, 2018: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29591587/perceived-calling-and-work-engagement-among-nurses
#13
Arunas Ziedelis
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of perceived calling and work engagement in nursing over and above major work environment factors. In all, 351 nurses from various health care institutions completed the survey. Data were collected about the most demanding aspects of nursing, major job resources, the degree to which nursing is perceived as a meaningful calling, work engagement, and main demographic information. Hierarchical linear regression was applied to assess the relation between perceived calling and work engagement, while controlling for demographic and work environment factors, and perceived calling was significantly related to two out of three components of nurses' work engagement...
March 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588123/home-health-services-are-not-required-for-select-total-hip-arthroplasty-candidates-assessment-and-supplementation-with-an-electronic-recovery-application
#14
Roy I Davidovitch, Afshin A Anoushiravani, James E Feng, Kevin K Chen, Raj Karia, Ran Schwarzkopf, Richard Iorio
BACKGROUND: At our institution, all postoperative total hip arthroplasty (THA) candidates have received home health services (HHS), consisting of visiting nurses, physical and occupational therapists. However, with a more technologically inclined patient population, electronic patient rehabilitation applications (EPRAs) can be used to deliver perioperative care at the comfort of the patient's home. The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical utility and economic burden associated with digital rehabilitation applications in primary THA recipients...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584794/occupational-tuberculosis-in-south-africa-are-health-care-workers-adequately-protected
#15
M M Malotle, J M Spiegel, A Yassi, D Ngubeni, L M O'Hara, P A Adu, E A Bryce, N Mlangeni, G S M Gemell, M Zungu
Setting: A provincial tertiary hospital in Gauteng province, South Africa, with a high burden of tuberculosis (TB) patients and high risk of TB exposure among health care workers (HCWs). Objective: To determine HCWs' adherence to recommended TB infection prevention and control practices, TB training and access to health services and HCW TB rates. Design: Interviews with 285 HCWs using a structured questionnaire as part of a large, international mixed-methods study. Results: Despite 10 HCWs (including seven support HCWs) acquiring clinical TB during their period of employment, 62...
December 21, 2017: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582941/-the-new-hadassah-hebrew-university-medical-center-a-leader-in-israeli-public-medicine
#16
Dror Mevorach, Meir Leibergall, Zeev Rothstein
Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center is regaining its lead in Israeli public medicine with clinical excellence, state-of-the art technology, high achievement in research, and outstanding medical education for students and trainees. Hadassah has two campuses at Ein Kerem and Mount Scopus that together offer 1200-hospital beds and 40 hybrid and advanced operating rooms. Hadassah Medical Center, an initiative of Hadassah organization led by Henrietta Szold, is one of the foremost health care providers in Israel...
March 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582940/closed-system-drug-transfer-devices-plus-safe-handling-of-hazardous-drugs-versus-safe-handling-alone-for-reducing-exposure-to-infusional-hazardous-drugs-in-healthcare-staff
#17
REVIEW
Kurinchi Selvan Gurusamy, Lawrence Mj Best, Cynthia Tanguay, Elaine Lennan, Mika Korva, Jean-François Bussières
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to hazardous drugs can decrease fertility and result in miscarriages, stillbirths, and cancers in healthcare staff. Several recommended practices aim to reduce this exposure, including protective clothing, gloves, and biological safety cabinets ('safe handling'). There is significant uncertainty as to whether using closed-system drug-transfer devices (CSTD) in addition to safe handling decreases the contamination and risk of staff exposure to infusional hazardous drugs compared to safe handling alone...
March 27, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579501/experiences-of-women-and-men-living-with-urinary-incontinence-a-phenomenological-study
#18
Almudena Ortuño Esparza, Miguel Ángel Cánovas Tomás, Florentina Pina-Roche
AIMS: To explore and understand, from a gender-based perspective, the quality-of-life experiences of men and women who suffer from urinary incontinence. BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence (UI) is a major health problem with significant social, psychological, occupational, sexual and economic effects leading to a substantial decrease in quality of life. Although this condition is increasingly frequent in men, research has tended to focus on women, adopting a quantitative approach...
April 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573015/a-balanced-approach-to-falls-prevention-application-in-the-real-world
#19
Jonine Jancey, Catrina Wold, Rachel Meade, Roisin Sweeney, Erica Davison, Justine Leavy
BACKGROUND: Falls place a heavy burden on the health system, impacting on an individual's quality of life, often resulting in a fear of falling, reduction in independence and at times admission to residential care. This study aimed to determine health professionals' confidence in discussing falls prevention strategies, topics discussed and the barriers and enablers to falls prevention discussions with clients aged 60 years and over. METHOD: A cross-sectional self-complete online survey was undertaken with a sample of health professionals (n = 191) who had engaged in the services of the Stay On Your Feet® programmes delivered by the Injury Matters in Western Australia (WA)...
February 14, 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567035/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-hepatitis-b-vaccination-among-hospital-based-doctors-and-nurses-in-china-results-of-a-multi-site-survey
#20
Yan Liu, Chao Ma, Haimei Jia, Erping Xu, Yong Zhou, Zhujiazi Zhang, Li Lu, Lance Rodewald, Lixin Hao
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) can cause chronic HBV infection, which may lead to advanced cirrhosis and liver cancer. Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at risk HBV infection as an occupational hazard. Hepatitis B vaccination of HCWs is recommended by WHO, but the status of hepatitis B vaccination among HCWs in China is seldom reported. METHODOLOGY: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 22 hospitals of 3 developed cities in China. We interviewed managers in infectious diseases and occupational health departments, and at least 40 HCWs per hospital...
March 19, 2018: Vaccine
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