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Occupational health nursing

Alexandre Liautaud, Prince A Adu, Annalee Yassi, Muzimkhulu Zungu, Jerry M Spiegel, Angeli Rawat, Elizabeth A Bryce, Michelle C Engelbrecht
Background: Insufficient training in infection control and occupational health among healthcare workers (HCWs) in countries with high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) burdens requires attention. We examined the effectiveness of a 1-year Certificate Program in Occupational Health and Infection Control conducted in Free State Province, South Africa in an international partnership to empower HCWs to become change agents to promote workplace-based HIV and TB prevention...
June 2018: Safety and Health At Work
F Azizoğlu, A Köse, H Gül
AIM: This study investigated the occupational health risk factors among nurses who work in public hospital surgical units. BACKGROUND: Nursing has a significant place in healthcare systems around the world. Surgical units are environments with certain risks, especially because of the possibility of exposure to various chemical, biologic or physical hazards. METHODS: This study was conducted with 229 nurses who were working in the 11 surgery units of a big university hospital...
June 21, 2018: International Nursing Review
J Oates, J Jones, N Drey
Background: Staff well-being is vital to the functioning of the UK National Health Service (NHS). Mental health nurses (MHNs) with personal experience of mental illness can offer a professionally and personally informed insight into the occupational health (OH) service offered by their employer. Aims: To investigate MHNs' views of OH provision in the NHS, based on their personal experience. Methods: A qualitative interview study using a purposive sample of MHNs with personal experience of mental illness...
June 16, 2018: Occupational Medicine
Susan A Randolph
Noise-induced hearing loss is a chronic illness that develops gradually over time. Occupational health nurses can intervene in meaningful ways to promote best practices to prevent hearing loss.
June 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Helene Åvik Persson, Anna Sandgren, Carl-Johan Fürst, Gerd Ahlström, Lina Behm
BACKGROUND: Nursing home residents in Sweden are old, frail and usually have multiple morbidities which often make dying a prolonged suffering. It has been found that older persons at nursing homes receive far less palliative care than younger persons, partly because it is difficult to identify when the final stage of life begins. The identification may help the staff to enable the older person and their families to participate in planning the care in accordance with their own preferences and values...
June 4, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Caitlyn Kellogg, Yujun Zhu, Valeria Cardenas, Katalina Vazquez, Kayla Johari, Anna Rahman, Susan Enguidanos
Background: Although patient-centered care is an expressed value of our healthcare system, no studies have examined what consumers say in online reviews about nursing homes (NHs). Insight into themes addressed in these reviews could inform improvement efforts that promote patient-centered NH care. Research Design and Methods: We analyzed nursing home (NH) Yelp reviews. From a list of all NHs in California, we drew a purposeful sample of 51 NHs, selecting facilities representing a range of geographical areas and occupancy rates...
April 20, 2018: Gerontologist
Zoi Papadatou, Hector Williams, Kay Cooper
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to identify, appraise and synthesize the best available evidence on the effectiveness of moisturizers, barrier creams, protective gloves, skin protection education and complex interventions (a combination of two or more of the interventions listed here) in preventing occupational irritant hand dermatitis (OIHD) in wet workers, comparing each intervention to an alternative intervention or to usual care (workers' regular skin care regimen). INTRODUCTION: The most significant occupational skin problem potentially encountered in wet work occupations is occupational dermatitis...
June 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Wijitra Sena, Kessarawan Nilvarangkul, Kesinee Saranrittichai, John F Smith, Teerasak Phajan, Sansanee Seetangkham
OBJECTIVES: This research aimed to enhance self-care among rubber farmers for preventing work-related illness. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: The project used Action Research's four phase iterative process: fact-finding to understand the problems, action planning, action plan implementation, and evaluation and reflection on action plan impacts. Sixty-six participants (46 rubber farmers and 20 community stakeholders) were purposively recruited from two villages in the top 10 rubber producing provinces in Northeastern Thailand...
June 10, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Marja Leonhardt, Katja Aschenbrenner, Martin E Kreis, Johannes C Lauscher
BACKGROUND: Although a fifth of the German population has a migration background, health research regarding this population is scarce. The few existing studies on migrant health show that migrants are faced with restrictions regarding health care due to communication problems, a lack of information and distinct health literacy. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most common tumor disease in Germany. The aim of the study is to explore the potential differences in patient characteristics between migrants and non-migrants with CRC and identify possible disparities between migrants and non-migrants regarding their satisfaction and perception with health care...
June 7, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Yeong-Kwang Kim, Jin-Ha Yoon, Wanhyung Lee, Jihyun Kim, Sung-Shil Lim, Jong-Uk Won
Background: Health officers are an integral part of the occupational health service, and there have been studies to identify and improve the role of health officers in the workplace in order to improve the level of health care in the workplace. This study aimed to determine the contribution of health officers to the role of a health officer as prescribed by law and the percentage of health management work performed during work according to their qualifications. Methods: Questionnaires were distributed to a total of 4584 workplaces where health officers were hired, and a total of 806 copies (17...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Robert Kaba Alhassan, Kwabena Adu Poku
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric hospitals need safe working environments to promote productivity at the workplace. Even though occupational health and safety is not completely new to the corporate society, its scope is largely limited to the manufacturing/processing industries which are perceived to pose greater dangers to workers than the health sector. This paper sought to explore the experiences of frontline nursing personnel on the occupational health and safety conditions in two psychiatric hospitals in Ghana...
June 6, 2018: BMC Public Health
Marcos Montagnini, Heather M Smith, Deborah M Price, Bidisha Ghosh, Linda Strodtman
BACKGROUND: In the United States, most deaths occur in hospitals, with approximately 25% of hospitalized patients having palliative care needs. Therefore, the provision of good end-of-life (EOL) care to these patients is a priority. However, research assessing staff preparedness for the provision of EOL care to hospitalized patients is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To assess health-care professionals' self-perceived competencies regarding the provision of EOL care in hospitalized patients...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Ryoko Katagiri, Go Muto, Satoshi Sasaki
A validated questionnaire is not typically used for dietary assessment in health check-up counseling provided by occupational health nurses in Japan. We conducted a qualitative study to investigate the barriers and promoting factors affecting the use of validated questionnaires. Ten occupational health nurses and three registered dietitians, working at a health insurance society, were recruited for this study using an open-ended, free description questionnaire. Inhibiting factors, such as "Feeling of satisfaction with the current method," "Recognition of importance," and "Sense of burden from the questionnaire", and as promoting factors, "Feeling the current method is insufficient", "Recognition of importance," "Reduction in the feeling of burden after the answer," "Expectation of and reaction to the result," and "Expectation for the effect of the counseling" were noted...
June 1, 2018: Industrial Health
M Petrovová, P Musilová, M Svoboda, I Selingerová, R Goněc, H Hradská, D Kadlčíková, M Vozdová, P Brhel, J Rubeš
BACKGROUND: A long-term occupational exposure of healthcare staff to cytostatics and ionizing radiation is associated with a possible manifestation of their genotoxic, carcinogenic and teratogenic effects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total number of 101 employees working with cytostatics or ionizing radiation were examined (some of them repeatedly) in a cancer treatment facility. The control group consisted of 119 persons excluded from the risk exposure. Fluorescence in situ hybridization with three pairs of whole-chromosomal probes and a pancrossomeric probe was used and the translocation frequency was determined...
2018: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
Karl S Bagraith, Jenny Strong, Pamela J Meredith, Steven M McPhail
Beyond expert suggestions as to the appropriate subject matter for chronic pain assessments, little is known about the actual content of multidisciplinary pain centre (MPC) clinical assessments. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health Low Back Pain Core Set (ICF LBP-CS) provides a universal language to support the consistent description of LBP-related assessments across disciplines within multidisciplinary teams (MDT). This study sought to map the content of MPC clinical assessments to the ICF to: 1) identify and compare the content of clinical MDT assessments using a cross-disciplinary framework and, 2) examine the content validity of the LBP-CS...
May 22, 2018: Pain
Chia-Chan Kao, Yu-Hua Lin
Spiritual care is a component of holistic care. Patients with depression often experience body-mind-spirit health problems and may suffer from spiritual crises, particularly during the acute stage of a diseases, due to low self-esteem, negative attitudes toward life goals, daily life issues, and beliefs caused by physical, psychological, and occupational dysfunctions. Nonetheless, psychical care is the main treatment for patients with depression. This paper focuses on patients with depression and addresses the concepts of spiritual needs and spiritual care, identifying the factors that influence spiritual needs, the essentials of spiritual intervention, and the health effects of spiritual intervention outcomes on patients with depression...
June 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Myriam Jean Cadet
Occupational health nurses (OHNs) need to have adequate knowledge and skills to manage and educate individuals about smoking cessation.
June 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Adamos-Konstantinos Konstantinou, Konstantinos Bonotis, Maria Sokratous, Vasileios Siokas, Efthimios Dardiotis
BACKGROUND: Job burnout is one of the most serious occupational health hazards, especially, among mental health nurses. It has been attributed among others to staff shortages, health service changes, poor morale and insufficient employee participation in decision-making. AIM: The aim of this study was to measure burnout among mental health nurses, investigate relations between burnout and organizational factors and examine potential predictors of nurses' burnout...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Abd Alhadi Hasan, Hussein Tumah
PURPOSE: Psychiatric nurses encounter variety of demanding and stressful events such as dealing with aggressive patients, and hostile. This study purposed to assess workplace stress, coping strategies, and psychiatric distress among psychiatric nurses. DESIGN AND METHODS: A descriptive explanatory design was employed. One hundred and nineteen psychiatric nurses were recruited in the study and data were collected in the period between June and September 2017. FINDINGS: The results showed that participants experienced moderate level of occupational stress and psychiatric distress...
May 21, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
M Chiwaridzo, V Makotore, J M Dambi, N Munambah, M Mhlanga
OBJECTIVE: Worldwide, work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are a common cause of morbidity affecting occupational individuals such as health-care professionals. However, nothing is known about WMSDs in hospital nurses in Zimbabwe. This study was conducted to provide cross-sectional evidence of the 12-month prevalence, consequences and factors associated with WMSDs among 208 nurses at Parirenyatwa Group of Hospitals (PGH). RESULTS: The response rate for the study was 55...
May 18, 2018: BMC Research Notes
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