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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874154/characterizing-sleeping-habits-and-disturbances-among-saudi-adults
#1
Mohamad Al-Tannir, Samer Y Kobrosly, Ahmad H Al-Badr, Nourhan A Salloum, Youssef M Altannir
To characterize sleeping habits, assess sleep disturbance prevalence, and identify associated factors among Saudi adults.  Methods: A total of 1720 adults were approached for this observational cross-sectional study between October 2014 and March 2015. The study took place in Riyadh, the capital of Saudi Arabia. We used a questionnaire to describe sleeping characteristics in relation to existing chronic diseases, smoking status, obesity, daily performance and sociodemographic variables. Results: The response rate was 79...
December 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855754/sleep-quality-and-nocturnal-sleep-duration-in-pregnancy-and-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Shirong Cai, Sara Tan, Peter D Gluckman, Keith M Godfrey, Seang-Mei Saw, Oon Hoe Teoh, Yap-Seng Chong, Michael J Meaney, Michael S Kramer, Joshua J Gooley
OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of maternal sleep quality and nocturnal sleep duration on risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in a multi-ethnic Asian population. METHODS: 686 women (376 Chinese, 186 Malay and 124 Indian) with a singleton pregnancy attended a clinic visit at 26-28 weeks of gestation as part of the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) mother-offspring cohort study. Self-reported sleep quality and sleep duration were assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)...
November 14, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853334/sleep-pattern-duration-and-quality-in-relation-with-glycemic-control-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Mohammad Hossein Gozashti, Nazanin Eslami, Mohammad Hadi Radfar, Hamid Pakmanesh
Sleep disturbances have been shown to be associated with diabetes control, but the relation between planned wakings or napping with glycemic indices has not been evaluated yet. This study evaluated the relation between sleep quality, duration, and pattern, including daytime napping of people with diabetes and their glycemic control. A cross-sectional correlation research design was used for this study. We enrolled 118 people with type 2 diabetes receiving oral agents without major complications at the Shahid Bahonar Center, Kerman...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821396/morphine-induced-hearing-loss
#4
Leire Leache, Irene Aquerreta, Libe Moraza, Ana Ortega
PURPOSE: A case of severe bilateral sensorineural hearing loss associated with oral morphine is reported. SUMMARY: A 52-year-old Spanish man was admitted to the intensive care unit with a Glasgow Coma Scale score of 3, a fever, and sudden hearing loss with tinnitus in both ears. His medical history included type 2 diabetes mellitus, depression, sleep disorder, and hypertension. The patient also had pyelonephritis in 2011 and pulmonary embolism in 2014, requiring the placement of an inferior vena cava filter and chronic anticoagulation...
November 15, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817148/cpap-therapy-for-patients-with-sleep-apnea-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-improves-control-of-blood-pressure
#5
Jamie Chung Mei Lam, Agnes Yuen Kwan Lai, Terence Chi Chun Tam, Michele Mae Ann Yuen, Karen Siu Ling Lam, Mary Sau Man Ip
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is highly associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), and treatment of OSA may have a positive impact on cardiometabolic profile. This study investigates the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on glycemic control and cardiometabolic parameters in patients with diabetes. METHODS: Diabetic patients, who were newly diagnosed of OSA with an apnea hypopnea index (AHI) ≥15 and HbA1c ≥7%, were randomly assigned to either CPAP treatment or no treatment (control) for 3 months...
November 5, 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753949/os-07-05-determinants-of-morning-blood-pressure-surge-in-normotensive-subjects-and-untreated-hypertensive-patients-the-korean-ambulatory-blood-pressure-multicenter-observational-study
#6
Jeong-Eun Yi, Wook Bum Pyun, Yoonpyo Lee, Junbeom Park, Gee Yeon Kim, Sang-Hyun Ihm, Ju Han Kim, Soon Kil Kim, Gil Ja Shin
OBJECTIVE: Morning blood pressure (BP) surge has been regarded as a predictor of adverse cardiovascular events. However, its determinants remain controversial and no previous studies have evaluated whether or not there is a difference in the determinants of morning BP surge between normotensive and hypertensive subjects. DESIGN AND METHOD: We included 476 normotensive subjects (mean age 52.8 ± 15.4 years, 49.2% males) and 1028 untreated hypertensive patients (age 51...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753808/ssa-03-3-dietary-salt-intake-and-hypertension-in-singapore
#7
Vernon Min Sen Oh
According to the Singapore National Health Survey (NHS) of 2010, the population of the Republic of Singapore was 5.076,700, comprising four ethnic groups: Chinese (74.1%), Malays (13.4%), Indians (9.2%), and others (3.3%). The National Health Survey for 2016 is under way and due to be published in 2017. From the six-yearly national health surveys, the crude prevalence of clinical hypertension (HTn), defined as a sustained blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mmHg, in Singaporean residents aged 30 to 69 years rose from 22...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747146/the-development-of-a-clinically-relevant-sleep-modification-protocol-for-youth-with-type-1-diabetes
#8
Michelle M Perfect, Dean Beebe, Deborah Levine-Donnerstein, Sara S Frye, Grai P Bluez, Stuart F Quan
Findings from type 2 diabetes research indicate that sleep is both a predictor of onset and a correlate of disease progression. However, the role sleep plays in glucose regulation and daytime functioning in youth with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) has not been systematically investigated. Nonetheless, preliminary findings have supported that various sleep parameters are strongly correlated to health-related and neurobehavioral outcomes in youth with T1DM. This suggests that improving sleep might reduce morbidity...
June 2016: Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743803/short-sleep-duration-and-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression
#9
Osamu Itani, Maki Jike, Norio Watanabe, Yoshitaka Kaneita
OBJECTIVE: The dose-response of short sleep duration in mortality has been studied, in addition to the incidences of notable health complications and diseases such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, stroke, coronary heart diseases, obesity, depression, and dyslipidemia. METHODS: We collected data from prospective cohort studies with follow-ups of one year or more on associations between short sleep duration and the outcomes. For the independent variable, we divided participants at baseline into short sleepers and normal sleepers...
August 26, 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742455/a-clinical-and-echocardiographic-score-to-identify-pulmonary-hypertension-due-to-hfpef
#10
Emmanuelle Berthelot, David Montani, Vincent Algalarrondo, Céline Dreyfuss, Raed Rifai, Anouar Benmalek, Xavier Jais, Amir Bouchachi, Laurent Savale, Gerald Simonneau, Denis Chemla, Marc Humbert, Olivier Sitbon, Patrick Assayag
BACKGROUND: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a frequent cause of pulmonary hypertension (PH) that is not easy to differentiate from precapillary PH. We aimed to determine whether the characteristic features of the patients may help differentiate between HFpEF and precapillary PH. METHODS AND RESULTS: Clinical and echocardiographic parameters were analyzed in 156 patients referred to our PH referral center. Right heart catheterization identified 78 PH-HFpEF patients and 78 with precapillary PH...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720197/long-term-and-midterm-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-versus-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-comparative-studies
#11
Saeed Shoar, Alan A Saber
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare midterm and long-term weight loss and resolution of co-morbidity with laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). SUMMARY: LRYGB and LSG are the most common procedures performed in bariatric surgery. However, their weight loss efficacy in the midterm and long-term has not been well compared. METHODS: A meta-analysis was performed by systematically identifying comparative studies conducted until the end of June 2016 that investigated weight loss outcome and resolution of co-morbidities (type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and obstructive sleep apnea) with LRYGB and LSG in the midterm (3-5 years) and long term (≥5 years)...
August 18, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707437/association-between-sleep-duration-and-self-reported-health-status-findings-from-the-bhutan-s-gross-national-happiness-study
#12
Gyambo Sithey, Li Ming Wen, Patrick Kelly, Mu Li
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Short and long sleep durations have been found to be associated with chronic conditions like diabetes mellitus, hypertension and cardiovascular disease. However, most studies were conducted in developed countries and the results were inconsistent. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between sleep duration and self-reported health status in a developing country setting. METHODS: We conducted secondary data analysis of the 2010 Gross National Happiness study of Bhutan, which was a nationwide cross sectional study with representative samples from rural and urban areas...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696589/influence-of-sleep-duration-on-cortical-oxygenation-in-elderly-individuals
#13
Kazuko Kato, Seiko Miyata, Motoo Ando, Hiroki Matsuoka, Fumihiko Yasuma, Kunihiro Iwamoto, Naoko Kawano, Masahiro Banno, Norio Ozaki, Akiko Noda
AIMS: Short sleep duration is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Cerebral blood flow and its regulation are affected by pathological conditions commonly observed in the elderly population, such as dementia, atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, stroke and hypertension. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of sleep duration on cortical oxygenated hemoglobin (OxyHb) using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). METHODS: Seventy-three individuals (age, 70...
October 3, 2016: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686181/risk-factors-of-sleep-disorder-after-stroke-a-meta-analysis
#14
M M Xiaolin Gu
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to evaluate potential risk factors of sleep disorder in stroke patients by conducting a meta-analysis. METHODS: Relevant articles were searched in PubMed, Medline, Springer, Elsevier, Science Direct, Cochrane Library, and Google scholar database up to May 2014. The effect size of risk factors, including gender, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, smoking, alcohol use, previous stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and habitual snoring were measured by odds ratio (OR) and corresponding 95% confidence interval (95% CI)...
August 12, 2016: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668709/self-reported-symptoms-8weeks-after-discharge-a-comparison-of-takotsubo-syndrome-and-myocardial-infarction
#15
Sara Wallström, Kerstin Ulin, Elmir Omerovic, Inger Ekman
BACKGROUND: Takotsubo syndrome is a form of acute, reversible heart failure that has gained increasing attention. It affects mostly postmenopausal women, and its acute onset and symptoms mimic acute myocardial infarction. The distinct feature of takotsubo syndrome is the ballooning of a ventricle, but the complete pathophysiological mechanisms are not fully understood. Both short-term and long-term survival are affected, but little is known about the illness experience and self-reported residual symptoms after discharge from hospital...
September 16, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665439/the-association-between-sleep-duration-snoring-and-prevalent-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-with-regard-to-gender-and-menopausal-status-the-ckb-study-in-zhejiang-rural-area-china
#16
Hai-Bin Wu, Hao Wang, Ru-Ying Hu, Jie-Ming Zhong, Yi-Jian Qian, Chun-Mei Wang, Kai-Xu Xie, Ling-Li Chen, Wei-Wei Gong, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Zheng-Ming Chen, Li-Ming Li, Min Yu
AIMS: To evaluate the association between sleep duration, snoring and diabetes according to gender and menopausal status in rural China. METHODS: The data were part of the baseline survey of China Kadoorie Biobank, from a rural county in the south-east costal Zhejiang province. Participants including 24,027 men and 33,677 women aged 30-79 years were enrolled during 2004-2008. Multivariable logistic regression was used to calculate adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) for diabetes...
September 24, 2016: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647451/sleep-duration-and-quality-impact-on-lifestyle-behaviors-and-cardiometabolic-health-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#17
Marie-Pierre St-Onge, Michael A Grandner, Devin Brown, Molly B Conroy, Girardin Jean-Louis, Michael Coons, Deepak L Bhatt
Sleep is increasingly recognized as an important lifestyle contributor to health. However, this has not always been the case, and an increasing number of Americans choose to curtail sleep in favor of other social, leisure, or work-related activities. This has resulted in a decline in average sleep duration over time. Sleep duration, mostly short sleep, and sleep disorders have emerged as being related to adverse cardiometabolic risk, including obesity, hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular disease...
September 19, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643344/os-07-05-determinants-of-morning-blood-pressure-surge-in-normotensive-subjects-and-untreated-hypertensive-patients-the-korean-ambulatory-blood-pressure-multicenter-observational-study
#18
Jeong-Eun Yi, Wook Bum Pyun, Yoonpyo Lee, Junbeom Park, Gee Yeon Kim, Sang-Hyun Ihm, Ju Han Kim, Soon Kil Kim, Gil Ja Shin
OBJECTIVE: Morning blood pressure (BP) surge has been regarded as a predictor of adverse cardiovascular events. However, its determinants remain controversial and no previous studies have evaluated whether or not there is a difference in the determinants of morning BP surge between normotensive and hypertensive subjects. DESIGN AND METHOD: We included 476 normotensive subjects (mean age 52.8 ± 15.4 years, 49.2% males) and 1028 untreated hypertensive patients (age 51...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643254/ssa-03-3-dietary-salt-intake-and-hypertension-in-singapore
#19
Vernon Min Sen Oh
According to the Singapore National Health Survey (NHS) of 2010, the population of the Republic of Singapore was 5.076,700, comprising four ethnic groups: Chinese (74.1%), Malays (13.4%), Indians (9.2%), and others (3.3%). The National Health Survey for 2016 is under way and due to be published in 2017. From the six-yearly national health surveys, the crude prevalence of clinical hypertension (HTn), defined as a sustained blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mmHg, in Singaporean residents aged 30 to 69 years rose from 22...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638974/performance-of-depression-rating-scales-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-an-item-response-theory-based-analysis
#20
Marisa Toups, Thomas Carmody, Madhukar H Trivedi, A John Rush, S Susan Hedayati
OBJECTIVE: Because there is overlap between somatic symptoms of depression and symptoms of chronic kidney disease (CKD), it is unclear if self-reported depression rating scales can be used accurately in predialysis CKD patients, especially if CKD and other comorbidities are symptomatic. We assessed the performance of two depression scales - the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Quick Inventory of Depression Symptomatology (QIDS-SR16) - by CKD stage, diagnosis of diabetes and total medical comorbidity burden - using item response theory (IRT) in a sample of 272 predialysis CKD patients...
September 2016: General Hospital Psychiatry
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