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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892255/association-between-sleep-disordered-breathing-during-pregnancy-and-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Liwen Li, Kena Zhao, Jin Hua, Shenghui Li
Background: Due to the high prevalence in pregnant women and potential association with pregnancy complications or perinatal outcomes, sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) has become an increasing concern. Methods: Pubmed and Embase were retrieved from inception until 2017 to conduct a meta-analysis to explore the association of SDB and several outcomes during gestation. A stratified analysis differentiated by the type of SDB [snoring alone/obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)] was also performed...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878472/sleep-disorders-in-the-elderly-a-growing-challenge
#2
REVIEW
Kamalesh K Gulia, Velayudhan Mohan Kumar
In contrast to newborns, who spend 16-20 h in sleep each day, adults need only about sleep daily. However, many elderly may struggle to obtain those 8 h in one block. In addition to changes in sleep duration, sleep patterns change as age progresses. Like the physical changes that occur during old age, an alteration in sleep pattern is also a part of the normal ageing process. As people age, they tend to have a harder time falling asleep and more trouble staying asleep. Older people spend more time in the lighter stages of sleep than in deep sleep...
May 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871856/sleep-tracking-and-exercise-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-step-d-pilot-study-to-determine-correlations-between-fitbit-data-and-patient-reported-outcomes
#3
James Weatherall, Yurek Paprocki, Theresa M Meyer, Ian Kudel, Edward A Witt
BACKGROUND: Few studies assessing the correlation between patient-reported outcomes and patient-generated health data from wearable devices exist. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the direction and magnitude of associations between patient-generated health data (from the Fitbit Charge HR) and patient-reported outcomes for sleep patterns and physical activity in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: This was a pilot study conducted with adults diagnosed with T2DM (n=86)...
June 5, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870156/diabetes-remission-and-relapse-after-metabolic-surgery
#4
EDITORIAL
Xiaoping Chen, Xiaomu Kong
Obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus are prevalent all over the world. Obese patients with more visceral fat are more likely to suffer from type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia and obstructive sleep apnea. Obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus have higher risk of obesity and diabetes related complications (especially arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
June 5, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805494/correlation-between-coronary-artery-disease-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-and-analysis-of-risk-factors
#5
Jidong Zhang, Yu Song, Yang Ji, Yiying Song, Shanglang Cai, Yanling Yu, Song Liu, Wenzhong Zhang
The correlation between coronary artery disease (CAD) and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) was investigated to analyze its risk factors. A total of 84 patients with suspected CAD due to chest tightness and pain or nocturnal angina, were selected. They were admitted and received coronary angiography in The Affiliated Hospital of Medical College Qingdao University from March, 2016 to June, 2017. The vital signs were monitored, and the sleep monitoring was performed before and after coronary angiography...
June 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804216/oxidative-stress-in-obese-children-and-adolescents-with-and-without-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-is-not-associated-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#6
Riva Tauman, Shlomit Shalitin, Lena Lavie
PURPOSE: Obesity, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are associated with chronic low-grade inflammation and oxidative stress. In adults, increased lipid peroxidation, a marker of oxidative stress, was found in both metabolic syndrome and OSA. Studies on oxidative stress in children with T2DM and OSA are scarce. METHODS: Plasma oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) levels were evaluated in obese children and adolescents with/without T2DM, and the contribution of OSA to oxidative stress was investigated...
May 26, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802555/role-of-continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-the-management-of-glycogen-storage-disorders
#7
Mrudu Herbert, Surekha Pendyal, Mugdha Rairikar, Carine Halaby, Robert W Benjamin, Priya S Kishnani
Management of liver glycogen storage diseases (GSDs) primarily involves maintaining normoglycemia through dietary modifications and regular glucose monitoring. Self-monitoring of blood glucose is typically done 3-6 times per day, and may not sufficiently capture periods of asymptomatic hypoglycemia, particularly during sleep. Continuous glucose monitoring systems (CGMS) provide 24-h continuous glucose data and have been used effectively in diabetes mellitus to monitor metabolic control and optimize treatment...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788220/obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-and-metabolic-diseases
#8
Min Li, Xiaoying Li, Yan Lu
With the rapid changes of lifestyle in modern society, including high nutritional intake and reduced physical activity, the incidence of metabolic diseases is increasing year by year. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a sleep disorder, usually characterized by sudden pauses of breathing during sleep with interrupted sleep rhythm. Although the pathological mechanism remains poorly understood, it is strongly associated with metabolic diseases, including obesity, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)...
May 18, 2018: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785091/health-related-quality-of-life-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-with-different-risk-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#9
Kresimir Gabric, Andrija Matetic, Marino Vilovic, Tina Ticinovic Kurir, Doris Rusic, Tea Galic, Ivana Jonjic, Josko Bozic
Purpose: Our study primarily aimed to investigate health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with different risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Patients and methods: This cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study included 466 adult patients with T2DM on regular visit to Center for Diabetes of University Hospital of Split from April to September 2017. All subjects underwent detailed anamnestical evaluation and physical examination with anthropometric measurements...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779142/arousal-index-as-a-marker-of-carotid-artery-atherosclerosis-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#10
Mayumi Suzuki, Ken Shimamoto, Haruki Sekiguchi, Takamitsu Harada, Natsumi Satoya, Yuji Inoue, Kazuhiro Yamaguchi, Masatoshi Kawana
PURPOSE: It was shown in a previous cohort study that men with internal carotid artery (ICA) plaque, defined as focal wall thickness of ≥ 1.5 mm, had a threefold higher risk of stroke than those without plaque. We examined the relationship between arousal indices and sleep stages in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and carotid atherosclerosis. METHODS: Carotid atherosclerosis severity was evaluated using the maximal carotid wall intima-media thickness of the ICA (ICA-maxIMT) and plaque in 83 patients with OSAS...
May 19, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773207/poor-sleep-during-early-pregnancy-increases-subsequent-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#11
Chunrong Zhong, Renjuan Chen, Xuezhen Zhou, Shangzhi Xu, Qian Li, Wenli Cui, Weiye Wang, Xiating Li, Jiangyue Wu, Chaoqun Liu, Mei Xiao, Guoqiang Sun, Xuefeng Yang, Liping Hao, Nianhong Yang
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between poor sleep quality during pregnancy and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: A total of 4066 singleton pregnant women from the Tongji Maternal and Child Health Cohort (TMCHC) without overt diabetes before pregnancy were analyzed. Sleep quality and duration during early pregnancy were self-reported by enrolled women at their first antenatal care visit before 16 weeks of gestation. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) was assessed with a 75-g, 2-h oral glucose tolerance test at 24-28 weeks of gestation...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770222/recurrent-vertebral-fractures-in-a-young-adult-a-closer-look-at-bone-health-in-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Eleanor P Thong, Sarah Catford, Julie Fletcher, Phillip Wong, Peter J Fuller, Helena Teede, Frances Milat
The association between type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and bone health has garnered interest over the years. Fracture risk is known to be increased in individuals with T1DM, although bone health assessment is not often performed in the clinical setting. We describe the case of a 21-year-old male with longstanding T1DM with multilevel vertebral fractures on imaging, after presenting with acute back pain without apparent trauma. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) revealed significantly reduced bone mineral density at the lumbar spine and femoral neck...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767287/screening-for-comorbid-conditions-in-patients-enrolled-in-the-soda-registry-a-2-year-observational-analysis
#13
Whitney W Woodmansee, Murray B Gordon, Mark E Molitch, Adriana G Ioachimescu, Don W Carver, Beloo Mirakhur, David Cox, Roberto Salvatori
PURPOSE: This 2-year analysis assessed frequency of comorbidities and comorbidity screening in the Somatuline® (lanreotide, LAN) Depot for Acromegaly (SODA) registry. METHODS: Patient data collected included pituitary hormone deficiencies, sleep studies, echocardiograms, gallbladder sonographies, colonoscopies, and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and growth hormone levels in patients with (DM) and without (non-DM) diabetes mellitus were analyzed...
May 16, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763267/top-20-research-studies-of-2017-for-primary-care-physicians
#14
Mark H Ebell, Roland Grad
Based on systematic surveillance of more than 110 medical journals, 247 studies met criteria as POEMs (patient-oriented evidence that matters) in 2017. Members of the Canadian Medical Association identified 20 of these POEMs as most relevant to practice. This article reviews the clinical questions and bottom-line answers from these studies. Blood pressure should be measured after a period of rest, using a bare arm, and orthostatic blood pressure is more predictive when measured after one minute of standing rather than three minutes...
May 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745915/association-of-diabetes-compensation-with-sleeping-habits-and-well-being-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#15
L Navasardyan, A Аvetisyan, M Simonyan, E Aghajanova
Recent data estimates that sleep deprivation and poor quality of night sleep have an impact on the incidence and prevalence of both obesity and type 2 diabetes, as well as cardiovascular events in all ages. The aim of this work is to evaluate the association between diabetes compensation and sleep quality and quantity, comparing patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, as well as to establish any potential connection with "screen" time, physical activity and well-being. For this reason 49 patients with type 1 (n=28) and type 2 DM (n=21) were investigated...
April 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743782/effect-of-shift-work-on-sleep-health-and-quality-of-life-of-health-care-workers
#16
Evangelia Nena, Maria Katsaouni, Paschalis Steiropoulos, Evangelos Theodorou, Theodoros C Constantinidis, Grigorios Tripsianis
Background: Shift work is associated with sleep disruption, impaired quality of life, and is a risk factor for several health conditions. Aim of this study was to investigate the impact of shift work on sleep and quality of life of health-care workers (HCW). Settings: Tertiary University hospital in Greece. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Materials and Methods: Included were HCW, working either in an irregular shift system or exclusively in morning shifts...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734984/sleep-duration-interacts-with-lifestyle-risk-factors-and-health-status-to-alter-risk-of-all-cause-mortality-the-rural-chinese-cohort-study
#17
Feiyan Liu, Hongyan Zhang, Yu Liu, Xizhuo Sun, Zhaoxia Yin, Honghui Li, Kunpeng Deng, Yang Zhao, Bingyuan Wang, Yongcheng Ren, Lu Zhang, Junmei Zhou, Chengyi Han, Xuejiao Liu, Dongdong Zhang, Guozhen Chen, Shihao Hong, Chongjian Wang, Dongsheng Hu, Ming Zhang
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Many studies suggest an association of both short and long sleep duration with all-cause mortality, but the effect of co-occurrence of sleep duration and other lifestyle risk factors or health status remains unclear. METHODS: A total of 17,184 participants aged 18 years or older from rural areas of China were examined at baseline from 2007 to 2008 and followed up from 2013 to 2014. Cox proportional hazard models were used to estimate the hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI)...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730614/evaluation-of-the-association-between-sleep-duration-and-tooth-loss-among-korean-adults-data-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-knhanes-2012-2014
#18
Kyungdo Han, Jun-Beom Park
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the association between sleep duration and tooth loss using nationally representative data. In this study, a cross-sectional analysis was performed using multivariable logistic regression analysis models. SETTING: The present study analysed data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2012 and 2014. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 14 675 respondents over 19 years old without missing values were included in this study...
May 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709336/short-term-metabolic-control-and-sleep-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Martina Kostkova, Peter Durdik, Miriam Ciljakova, Jarmila Vojtkova, Anna Sujanska, Katarina Pozorciakova, Zuzana Snahnicanova, Maria Jancinova, Peter Banovcin
AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine sleep in T1D children and in healthy controls by polysomnographic (PSG) examination and to determine the influence of short-term metabolic compensation on sleep quality and sleep disordered breathing (SDB). METHODS: The prospective cross-sectional study included 44 T1D subjects and 60 healthy controls, aged 10-19 years. Subjects underwent anthropometric measurements, laboratory testing and standard overnight in-laboratory video polysomnography with continuous glucose monitoring (CGM)...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703571/-complications-after-bariatric-surgery
#20
Regis Souche, Audrey de Jong, Claire Nomine-Criqui, Marius Nedelcu, Laurent Brunaud, David Nocca
Bariatric surgery became consensual after the NIH consensus of 1991 and the appearance of laparoscopic approach. This type of operation has a functional role (improvement of quality of life, locomotion and digestive symptoms as gastro-esophageal reflux disease), a prevention role (increase in life expectancy, reduction of risk of cancer and cardiovascular disease) and a curative role (remission of diabetes mellitus, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and arterial hypertension). The laparoscopic approach for bariatric surgery led to a major reduction of postoperative morbi-mortality...
April 24, 2018: La Presse Médicale
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