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Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy

Sebastian Pollandt, Bichun Ouyang, Thomas P Bleck, Katharina M Busl
PURPOSE: Subdural hematomas (SDH) are associated with seizures and epileptiform discharges, but little is known about the prevalence and impact of seizures, status epilepticus and epileptiform discharges on outcomes in patients with isolated acute SDH (aSDH). METHODS: Continuous EEG reports from 76 adult patients admitted to Rush University Medical Center with aSDH between 01/2009 and 03/2012 were reviewed. Clinical and radiographic findings, comorbidities, treatment, and outcome parameters mortality, discharge destination, need for tracheostomy/percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) placement and length of stay (LOS) were assessed...
June 20, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
Ezekiel Wong Toh Yoon, Kazuki Nishihara, Hirohiko Murata
For nutritional support of critically ill patients, the enteral route is preferred over the parenteral route. Although nasojejunal feeding can be superior to gastric feeding when gastrointestinal symptoms occur, it does not necessarily solve the problem of large gastric residual volumes. We report the successful use of a newly developed nasojejunal feeding tube with gastric decompression function in an 84-year-old man with severe pneumonia. After gastric feeding was considered not well tolerated, the use of this tube improved the delivery of nutrition until the patient was stable enough to undergo percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy...
2016: Internal Medicine
Pamela Sarkar, Alice Cole, Neil J Scolding, Claire M Rice
Background/Aims: With the notable exceptions of dementia, stroke, and motor neuron disease, relatively little is known about the safety and utility of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube insertion in patients with neurodegenerative disease. We aimed to determine the safety and utility of PEG feeding in the context of neurodegenerative disease and to complete a literature review in order to identify whether particular factors need to be considered to improve safety and outcome...
October 13, 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
Hong Shi, Su-Yu Chen, Yong-Guang Wang, Sheng-Jun Jiang, He-Li Cai, Kai Lin, Zhao-Fei Xie, Fen-Fang Dong
AIM: To introduce natural orifice transgastric endoscopic surgery (NOTES) tube ileostomy using pelvis-directed submucosal tunneling endoscopic gastrostomy and endoscopic tube ileostomy. METHODS: Six live pigs (three each in the non-survival and survival groups) were used. A double-channeled therapeutic endoscope was introduced perorally into the stomach. A gastrostomy was made using a 2-cm transversal mucosal incision following the creation of a 5-cm longitudinal pelvis-directed submucosal tunnel...
October 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Anna Wiernicka, Małgorzata Matuszczyk, Agnieszka Szlagatys-Sidorkiewicz, Ewa Toporowska-Kowalska, Katarzyna Popińska, Urszula Chlebowczyk-Grzybowska, Ewa Hapyn, Jarosław Kierkuś
BACKGROUND: The appropriate time to initiate enteral nutrition after the placement of a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube has been an area of limited research. There are no sufficient randomised prospective controlled trials in the paediatric population comparing the safety and tolerance of early feeding (3 h) after PEG placement. In order to reduce the period of fasting, inadequate nutritional support, and hospitalisation time, we decided to devise this study. METHODS/DESIGN: This study is a multicentre, randomised, open-label trial designed to evaluate the tolerance and safety of early enteral nutrition after PEG placement in children...
October 7, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
Jarosław Szefel, Wiesław J Kruszewski, Mariusz Szajewski, Maciej Ciesielski, Ewa Sobczak, Maksymilian Czerepko, Wiesława Łysiak-Szydłowska
INTRODUCTION: Currently there are no established guidelines regarding the use of long-chain triglycerides (LCT) vs. medium-chain triglycerides medium-chain triglycerides (MCT)/long-chain triglycerides (LCT) in total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Severe malnutrition of patients with refractory cachexia (RC) often causes their disqualification from invasive methods of treatment thus decreasing their quality of life and survival time. AIM: To compare the changes in nutritional state of patients with RC receiving PN with LCT and LCT/MCT lipid emulsions and to assess the influence of enteral nutrition on their survival time...
2016: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
Kazuya Kato, Yoshiaki Iwasaki, Kazuhiko Onodera, Minoru Matsuda, Mineko Higuchi, Kimitaka Kato, Yurina Kato, Masahiko Taniguchi, Hiroyuki Furukawa
PURPOSE: Despite the widespread use of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tubes, their placement may be associated with a variety of complications, including gastrocolic fistula. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, seven high-risk individuals diagnosed using computed tomography (CT)-gastrocolonography (GC) underwent laparoscopic-assisted PEG (LAPEG) placement. Study endpoints included the success of LAPEG under local anesthetic and intravenous sedation, inability to thread the PEG tube, the eventual tube location, the number of tube adjustments needed, adverse events, the operating time, and PEG tube-related infection...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Mark L Montgomery, Noel K Miner, Michael J Soileau, Douglas K McDonald
The primary treatment for Parkinson's disease is dopaminergic stimulation. Although levodopa has historically been administered orally, maintaining a predictable plasma concentration of the drug is challenging. As a result, enteral administration of carbidopa/levodopa (Duopa) has emerged as a promising tool in the treatment of the disease. This requires placement of an enteric catheter, two of which have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for delivery of Duopa. The approved tubes are placed using the "peroral" or "pull" technique, a method traditionally requiring endoscopy...
October 2016: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
Paul Talman, Thi Duong, Steve Vucic, Susan Mathers, Svetha Venkatesh, Robert Henderson, Dominic Rowe, David Schultz, Robert Edis, Merrilee Needham, Richard Macdonnell, Pamela McCombe, Carol Birks, Matthew Kiernan
OBJECTIVE: To capture the clinical patterns, timing of key milestones and survival of patients presenting with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/motor neuron disease (ALS/MND) within Australia. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected and were timed to normal clinical assessments. An initial registration clinical report form (CRF) and subsequent ongoing assessment CRFs were submitted with a completion CRF at the time of death. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study...
September 30, 2016: BMJ Open
Mitsuyoshi Yoshida, Junko Ikeda, Yukiko Urikane, Takashi Kashiwada, Yumiko Kaseda, Tatsuo Kohriyama
Some patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome require respiratory management by tracheotomy and/or nutritional management by tube feeding; however, few studies have reported the follow-up course in these patients. The objective of this study was to investigate the follow-up course of tracheotomy and gastrostomy in patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome. The study subjects were 50 patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome (25 males, 25 females; mean age, 51.1 ± 18.7 years) who were admitted to the Hiroshima City Rehabilitation Hospital during the period from April 2008 to December 2015...
September 29, 2016: Dysphagia
Georg Kägi, Natascha Leisi, Marian Galovic, Marlise Müller-Baumberger, Werner Krammer, Bruno Weder
BACKGROUND: Up to 50% of ischaemic stroke patients show initial dysphagia, which may persist for months. Guidelines recommend switching nasogastric (NG) to percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube feeding at the second week after the stroke if impaired deglutition is expected for another 4 weeks. Precise prognostic criteria are lacking. We hypothesised that the Parramatta Hospitals' Assessment of Dysphagia (PAHD) performed 8 to 10 days after the stroke predicts impaired deglutition for another 4 weeks...
2016: Swiss Medical Weekly
Rachel M Landisch, Ryan C Colwell, John C Densmore
PURPOSE: Comparative outcomes of enhanced percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) and laparoscopic gastrostomy (LG) have not been elucidated in infants. We describe the outcomes and procedural episodic expenditures of PEG versus LG in this high-risk population. METHODS: One hundred eighty-three gastrostomies in children under 1year were reviewed from our institution spanning 1/2011-6/2015. Pertinent demographics and 3-month complications (mortality, gastrocolic fistula, reoperation, cellulitis, granulation, pneumonia, and tube dislodgement <6weeks) were collected...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Mary Garland, Preston Miller, Amy Hildreth, Allyson L Hale, Meghann L Kaiser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Surgeon
Claire E Stewart, Mohamed Mutalib, Akhilesh Pradhan, Christopher Bassett, David Drake, Manasvi Upadhyaya
OBJECTIVE: Buried bumper syndrome (BBS) is a serious complication in gastrostomy-dependent children. Many need surgical correction. On account of comorbidities, this becomes a high-risk procedure. Our aim was to review the incidence of BBS in children and to identify the risk factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of patients' records over 10 years, 2006-2015, was carried out. Types of tubes, operative interventions, comorbidities and records were noted...
September 23, 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Laura Merli, Erika A De Marco, Camilla Fedele, Elena J Mason, Alessandra Taddei, Filomena V Paradiso, Vincenzo D Catania, Lorenzo Nanni
The aim of this study is to compare the outcomes and the complications between the 2 most adopted procedures for gastrostomy placement: percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) and laparoscopic gastrostomy (LG) in children. We present our study on 69 patients (male: 46/female: 23): group 1 (37 patients, 54%) undergoing PEG, group 2 (32 patients, 46%) undergoing LG. A total of 5 major complications were observed all in the PEG group (13.5%), no major complication was observed in the LG group (P-value<0.05)...
October 2016: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
Masataka Banshodani, Hideki Kawanishi, Misaki Moriishi, Sadanori Shintaku, Shinji Hashimoto, Shinichiro Tsuchiya
Surgical enterolysis is the final option for patients with encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS). However, EPS is sometimes refractory to surgical enterolysis. This is the first report of successful use of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy with jejunal extension (PEG-J) in a patient with EPS that was refractory to surgical enterolysis. We propose that sustained drainage of digestive juices by PEG-J, along with central venous nourishment at home, can be a treatment option for patients with EPS that cannot be treated with radical measures...
September 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Ezekiel Wong Toh Yoon, Kaori Yoneda, Shinya Nakamura, Kazuki Nishihara
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) using the introducer technique is not only useful in patients with upper digestive tract stenosis but has been shown to reduce peristomal infection. In this study, we evaluated the safety and utility of a novel large-caliber introducer PEG kit (using 20 Fr size tube) compared with a push kit of similar size. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and thirty-six patients who received PEG at our hospital between January 2014 and December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed...
September 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Antonio José Fernández-López, Francisco Miguel González Valverde, Marcelino Méndez Martínez
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is the best approach to feeding patients not eligible for oral nutrition who have a functioning digestive system. Pneumoperitoneum after PEG is a relatively common complication. As regards management, the most important decision is whether conservative therapy or an exploratory laparotomy should be indicated. We report the case of a patient with giant pneumoperitoneum following PEG, who was successfully managed with percutaneous air drainage.
July 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Pallavi S Mishra-Kalyani, Brent A Johnson, Jonathan D Glass, Qi Long
Clinical disease registries offer a rich collection of valuable patient information but also pose challenges that require special care and attention in statistical analyses. The goal of this paper is to propose a statistical framework that allows for estimating the effect of surgical insertion of a percutaneous endogastrostomy (PEG) tube for patients living with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) using data from a clinical registry. Although all ALS patients are informed about PEG, only some patients agree to the procedure which, leads to the potential for selection bias...
2016: Scientific Reports
Mukesh Nasa, Zubin Dev Sharma, Narendra S Choudhary, Gaurav Patil, Rajesh Puri, Randhir Sud
INTRODUCTION: The over-the-scope clip (OTSC) has been successfully used in the closure of fistula, perforation, dehiscence, and endoscopic hemostasis. We describe our experience with the OTSC application. METHODS: Between April 2014 and April 2015, seven patients underwent OTSC application. In four patients, OTSC was applied for the closure of esophageal fistula, one had OTSC closure of persistent gastrocutaneous fistula after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy removal, and OTSC was applied in duodenum in two patients, for duodenal Dieulafoy's lesion after failed conventional endotherapy and massive rebleed in one and duodenal perforation in another...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
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