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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141361/-effect-of-probucol-on-preventing-contrast-induced-nephropathy-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#1
X Q Suo, S C Yang, Z H Ma, T T Sun, W Y Zhang, H L Cong, W H Lin, C Z Lu, F S Tian, N K Fu
Objective: To investigate the preventive effect, possible mechanism and safety of probucol on contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). Methods: A total of 641 patients with coronary heart disease were consecutively enrolled from Department of Cardiology, in Tianjin Chest Hospital, Tianjin TEDA International Cardiovascular Hospital, Tianjin First Central Hospital, Tianjin Fourth Central Hospital. They were randomly divided into probucol group (n=321) and control group (n=320)...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140880/high-risk-human-papillomavirus-determination-in-formalin-fixed-paraffin-embedded-cervical-tissue-using-the-roche-cobas-4800-system-a-comparative-study-with-liquid-based-cytology
#2
Juan C Tardío, Olivia Cambero, Carolina Sánchez-Estévez, Ana B Sánchez-García, Fernando Angulo, Amalia Moreno
Roche cobas 4800 human papillomavirus (HPV) test is an automated real-time polymerase chain reaction-based system that allows the simultaneous detection of 14 human papillomavirus high-risk (HR-HPV) genotypes. This test is Food and Drug Administration approved since 2011 for HPV determination in liquid-based cytologic samples, but a clinically validated technique for formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue specimens is presently not commercially available. In our laboratory, we have developed an HPV detection procedure in FFPE tissue by cobas 4800 HPV test...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132873/hpv-genotype-profile-in-a-norwegian-cohort-with-asc-us-and-lsil-cytology-with-three-year-cumulative-risk-of-high-grade-cervical-neoplasia
#3
A K Lie, A Tropé, G B Skare, T Bjørge, C M Jonassen, K Brusegard, S Lönnberg
OBJECTIVE: To explore the HPVgenotype profile in Norwegian women with ASC-US/LSIL cytology and the subsequent risk of high-grade cervical neoplasia (CIN 3+). METHODS: In this observational study delayed triage of ASC-US/LSIL of 6058 women were included from 2005 to 2010. High-risk HPV detection with Hybrid Capture 2 (HC2) was used and the HC2+ cases were genotyped with in-house nmPCR. Women were followed-up for histologically confirmed CIN3+ within three years of index HPV test by linkage to the screening databases at the Cancer Registry of Norway...
November 11, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131134/mannose-binding-lectin-is-not-acting-as-a-biomarker-for-the-progression-of-pre-invasive-lesions-of-invasive-cervical-cancer
#4
Carlos Afonso Maestri, Renato Nisihara, Guilherme P Ramos, Hellen Weinschutz Mendes, Iara Messias-Reason, Newton Sérgio de Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate serum concentrations of mannose binding lectin (MBL) in women presenting with different human papilloma virus (HPV)-associated cervical lesions. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 364 women, who underwent screening for cervical cancer or treatment at Erasto Gaertner Cancer Hospital (HEG), Curitiba, Southern region, Brazil, were enrolled in the study. Based on latest cervical colposcopy-guided biopsy results, the women were divided into four groups: cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) CIN-I (n=54); CIN-II (n=72); CIN-III (n=145) and invasive cancer (n=93)...
November 7, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126708/incomplete-excision-of-cervical-precancer-as-a-predictor-of-treatment-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Marc Arbyn, Charles W E Redman, Freija Verdoodt, Maria Kyrgiou, Menelaos Tzafetas, Sadaf Ghaem-Maghami, Karl-Ulrich Petry, Simon Leeson, Christine Bergeron, Pekka Nieminen, Jean Gondry, Olaf Reich, Esther L Moss
BACKGROUND: Incomplete excision of cervical precancer is associated with therapeutic failure and is therefore considered as a quality indicator of clinical practice. Conversely, the risk of preterm birth is reported to correlate with size of cervical excision and therefore balancing the risk of adequate treatment with iatrogenic harm is challenging. We reviewed the literature with an aim to reveal whether incomplete excision, reflected by presence of precancerous tissue at the section margins, or post-treatment HPV testing are accurate predictors of treatment failure...
November 7, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126556/vulvar-intraepithelial-neoplasia-risk-factors-for-recurrence
#6
W Satmary, C H Holschneider, L L Brunette, S Natarajan
OBJECTIVE: We studied a large population of women with high-grade vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN) in order to identify patient and treatment-related risk factors for recurrence and progression to cancer. METHODS: For this retrospective cohort study of women with a histologic diagnosis of VIN within Southern California Permanente Medical Group between 1995 and 2007 medical records were reviewed; clinical, demographic and pathologic data were collected. Statistical analyses included Chi-squared and Student's t-tests, univariate and multivariate logistic regression, and cumulative incidence analysis...
November 7, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124679/fear-of-fat-and-restrained-eating-negative-body-talk-between-female-friends-as-a-moderator
#7
Chong Man Chow, Holly Ruhl, Cin Cin Tan, Lilian Ellis
PURPOSE: This study examined whether engagement in negative body talk would moderate the association between fear of fat and restrained eating among female friend dyads. METHODS: Female friends (N pairs = 130) were recruited from a Midwestern university in the United States. The dyadic data were examined with an Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM). RESULTS: Results showed that women's fear of fat was significantly related to their own restrained eating behaviors...
November 9, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118770/contrast-induced-nephropathy-is-less-common-in-patients-with-good-coronary-collateral-circulation
#8
Eyup Avci, Tarik Yildirim, Hasan Kadi
Background/Aims: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is a typically reversible type of acute renal failure that develops after exposure to contrast agents; underlying endothelial dysfunction is thought to be an important risk factor for CIN. Although the mechanism of coronary collateral circulation (CCC) is not fully understood, a pivotal role of the endothelium has been reported in many studies. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is a relationship between CCC and CIN...
October 2017: Cardiorenal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113275/e6-e7-proteins-are-potential-markers-for-the-screening-and-diagnosis-of-cervical-pre-cancerous-lesions-and-cervical-cancer-in-a-chinese-population
#9
Wen-Jing Shi, Hao Liu, Dan Wu, Zhen-Hua Tang, Yu-Chen Shen, Lin Guo
The present prospective study aimed to evaluate the effects of E6/E7 protein detection by western blotting on cervical cancer (CC) early screening compared with detection by Hybrid Capture 2 (HC2) test and ThinPrep cytological test (TCT) in a Chinese population. A total of 450 cases of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) suspected samples (positive in ≥1 indicator of TCT and HC2 test) were recruited from women who were treated at the International Peace Maternity and Child Health Hospital (Shanghai, China) from March 2014 to February 2015...
November 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113168/negative-correlation-between-x-linked-inhibitors-of-apoptosis-and-second-mitochondria-derived-activator-of-caspase-expression-levels-in-cervical-carcinoma-and-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia
#10
Xue-Jing Jin, Ping-Sheng Cai, Shu-Pin Zhu, Li-Jie Wang, Hua Zhu
X-linked inhibitors of apoptosis (XIAP) and second mitochondria-derived activator of caspase (Smac) have been widely reported to serve roles in the development of cervical carcinoma. The present study analyzed the associations between the expression levels of XIAP and Smac in normal cervical epithelium, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and cervical carcinoma. Immunohistochemistry staining of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections was performed in order to analyze the expression levels of XIAP and Smac in 15 cases of normal cervical tissues, 69 cases of CIN and 76 cases of cervical carcinoma...
November 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112672/diagnosis-of-cervical-precancers-by-endocervical-curettage-at-colposcopy-of-women-with-abnormal-cervical-cytology
#11
Angela Hui-Chia Liu, Joan Walker, Julia C Gage, Michael A Gold, Rosemary Zuna, S Terence Dunn, Mark Schiffman, Nicolas Wentzensen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of routine endocervical curettage (ECC) for diagnosing high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2 or worse and additional precancers not otherwise detected by ectocervical biopsies. METHODS: In a secondary analysis of the Biopsy Study, a cross-sectional study conducted between 2009 and 2012 at the University of Oklahoma Health and Sciences Center that found an incremental increase in detection of cervical precancers by multiple biopsies at colposcopy, ECC was performed in most women aged 30 years or older...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112019/utility-of-p16-immunohistochemistry-in-evaluating-negative-cervical-biopsies-following-high-risk-pap-test-results
#12
Alana F Shain, Shirley Kwok, Ann K Folkins, Christina S Kong
The Lower Anogenital Squamous Terminology (LAST) Standardization Project for human papilloma virus (HPV)-associated lesions specifically recommends the use of p16 immunohistochemistry (IHC) as an adjunct to morphologic assessment of cervical biopsies interpreted as negative or low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) from patients with prior high-risk Pap test results (high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion [HSIL], atypical squamous cells cannot exclude HSIL, atypical glandular cells [AGC], or HPV16 atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance [ASC-US])...
November 3, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111980/impact-of-continuation-of-metformin-prior-to-elective-coronary-angiography-on-acute-contrast-nephropathy-in-patients-with-normal-or-mildly-impaired-renal-functions
#13
Veysel Oktay, İlknur Calpar Çıralı, Ümit Yaşar Sinan, Ahmet Yıldız, Murat Kazım Ersanlı
OBJECTIVE: Discontinuation of metformin treatment in patients scheduled for elective coronary angiography (CAG) is controversial because of post-procedural risks including acute contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) and lactic acidosis (LA). This study aims to discuss the safety of continuing metformin treatment in patients undergoing elective CAG with normal or mildly impaired renal functions. METHODS: Our study was designed as a single-centered, randomized, and observational study including 268 patients undergoing elective CAG with an estimated glomerular filtration rate of >60 mL/min/1...
October 31, 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109779/serum-immune-profiling-for-early-detection-of-cervical-disease
#14
Radwa Ewaisha, Gitika Panicker, Paul Maranian, Elizabeth R Unger, Karen S Anderson
BACKGROUND: The most recent (2012) worldwide estimates from International Agency for Research on Cancer indicate that approximately 528,000 new cases and 270,000 deaths per year are attributed to cervical cancer worldwide. The disease is preventable with HPV vaccination and with early detection and treatment of pre-invasive cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, CIN. Antibodies (Abs) to HPV proteins are under investigation as potential biomarkers for early detection. METHODS: To detect circulating HPV-specific IgG Abs, we developed programmable protein arrays (NAPPA) that display the proteomes of two low-risk HPV types (HPV6 and 11) and ten oncogenic high-risk HPV types (HPV16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52 and 58)...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108058/understanding-the-drivers-of-improved-pig-weaning-weight-by-investigation-of-colostrum-intake-sow-lactation-feed-intake-or-lactation-diet-specification
#15
A Craig, A Gordon, E Magowan
Modern sows have low feed intake (FI) during lactation. The main aim of this study was to understand interactions between and separate effects of FI and nutrient density on litter weaning weight (WW). Key drivers of colostrum intake (CIn), piglet survival, WW, and colostrum yield (CY) were also investigated. Sows ( = 82) were offered a High (15.8 MJ/kg DE; 1.3% total lysine) or Normal (15.2 MJ/kg DE; 1.28% total lysine) specification lactation diet at either a High (feed allowance increased by 0.5 kg/d after farrowing until intake reached 10 kg/d) or Low (feed allowance was increased by 0...
October 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107561/association-of-antiretroviral-therapy-with-high-risk-human-papillomavirus-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-and-invasive-cervical-cancer-in-women-living-with-hiv-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Helen Kelly, Helen A Weiss, Yolanda Benavente, Silvia de Sanjose, Philippe Mayaud
BACKGROUND: The interactions between antiretroviral therapy (ART) and high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical lesions in women living with HIV are poorly understood. We reviewed the association of ART with these outcomes. METHODS: We did a systematic review and meta-analysis by searching MEDLINE and Embase databases for cross-sectional or cohort studies published in English between Jan 1, 1996, and May 6, 2017, which reported the association of ART with prevalence of high-risk HPV or prevalence, incidence, progression, or regression of histological or cytological cervical abnormalities, or incidence of invasive cervcal cancer...
October 26, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106836/impact-of-transient-or-persistent-contrast-induced-nephropathy-on-long-term-mortality-after-elective-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#17
Mitsuru Abe, Takeshi Morimoto, Yoshihisa Nakagawa, Yutaka Furukawa, Koh Ono, Takao Kato, Kazushige Kadota, Kenji Ando, Mitsuru Ishii, Nobutoyo Masunaga, Masaharu Akao, Takeshi Kimura
Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is associated with increased long-term mortality. However, it is still controversial whether CIN is the cause of increased mortality or merely a marker of high-risk patients. The current study population included 5,516 patients who underwent their first elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the Coronary REvascularization Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto registry cohort-2. CIN was defined as an elevation in the peak serum creatinine (SCr) of ≥0.5 mg/dl from the baseline within 5 days after PCI...
September 19, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104769/does-audit-and-feedback-improve-the-adoption-of-recommended-practices-evidence-from-a-longitudinal-observational-study-of-an-emerging-clinical-network-in-kenya
#18
Susan Gachau, Philip Ayieko, David Gathara, Paul Mwaniki, Morris Ogero, Samuel Akech, Michuki Maina, Ambrose Agweyu, Jacqiue Oliwa, Thomas Julius, Lucas Malla, James Wafula, George Mbevi, Grace Irimu, Mike English
Background: Audit and feedback (A&F) is widely used in healthcare but there are few examples of how to deploy it at scale in low-income countries. Establishing the Clinical Information Network (CIN) in Kenya provided an opportunity to examine the effect of A&F delivered as part of a wider set of activities to promote paediatric guideline adherence. Methods: We analysed data collected from medical records on discharge for children aged 2-59 months from 14 Kenyan hospitals in the CIN...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104272/evolving-therapeutic-strategies-to-exploit-chromosome-instability-in-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Laura L Thompson, Lucile M-P Jeusset, Chloe C Lepage, Kirk J McManus
Cancer is a devastating disease that claims over 8 million lives each year. Understanding the molecular etiology of the disease is critical to identify and develop new therapeutic strategies and targets. Chromosome instability (CIN) is an abnormal phenotype, characterized by progressive numerical and/or structural chromosomal changes, which is observed in virtually all cancer types. CIN generates intratumoral heterogeneity, drives cancer development, and promotes metastatic progression, and thus, it is associated with highly aggressive, drug-resistant tumors and poor patient prognosis...
November 1, 2017: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103242/prevalence-and-genotype-distribution-of-hpv-types-in-women-at-risk-for-cervical-neoplasia-in-israel
#20
Efraim Siegler, Maayan Shiner, Yakir Segev, Lena Mackuli, Nitza Lahat, Ofer Lavie
BACKGROUND: Invasive cervical cancer is caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence and genotype distribution of HPV types in women at risk for cervical neoplasia. METHODS: Our study summarized HPV types detected in 6654 samples that were sent to the serology laboratory from cervical clinics in northern Israel between 2006-2014. The HPV test was performed during investigation of atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) results on Pap tests or due to complaints suggestive of cervical neoplasia...
October 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
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