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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925471/research-on-the-function-and-mechanism-of-survivin-in-heart-failure-mice-model
#1
L Bo, X-S Zhu, Z Zheng, X-P Hu, P-Y Chen
OBJECTIVE: To observe the role of survivin in the heart failure mice model and to study its mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 20 male C57BL/ 6J mice were selected and randomly divided into two groups: normal group (n=10) and heart failure group (n=10). After continuous modeling, the cardiac functions of mice in the two groups were detected via ultrasonic cardiogram equipment. The pathological conditions of hearts in the two groups were detected via hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining...
August 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912779/v%C3%AE-4-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cells-aggravate-severe-h1n1-influenza-virus-infection-induced-acute-pulmonary-immunopathological-injury-via-secreting-interleukin-17a
#2
Chunxue Xue, Mingjie Wen, Linlin Bao, Hui Li, Fengdi Li, Meng Liu, Qi Lv, Yunqing An, Xulong Zhang, Bin Cao
The influenza A (H1N1) pdm09 virus remains a critical global health concern and causes high levels of morbidity and mortality. Severe acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are the major outcomes among severely infected patients. Our previous study found that interleukin (IL)-17A production by humans or mice infected with influenza A (H1N1) pdm09 substantially contributes to ALI and subsequent morbidity and mortality. However, the cell types responsible for IL-17A production during the early stage of severe influenza A (H1N1) pdm09 infection remained unknown...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901794/silybin-against-liver-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-something-old-something-new%C3%A2
#3
Mihai Oltean
Ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) is a life threatening condition that may develop after elective liver surgery or liver transplantation. Numerous surgical and pharmacological approaches have shown varying degrees of protection against liver IRI. A group of protective compounds are the flavonoids but their intestinal absorbtion and bioavailability are low and impredictible. In this issue Tsaroucha et al. reports significantly decreased hepatocellular injury, Fas/FasL expression and inhibited HMGB1 release in rats receiving a hydrosoluble, lyophilized complex of SLB and hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (SLB-HP-β-CD) intravenously...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901495/biochanin-a-induces-apoptosis-and-suppresses-migration-in-fadu-human-pharynx-squamous-carcinoma-cells
#4
In-A Cho, Sang-Joun You, Kyeong-Rok Kang, Su-Gwan Kim, Ji-Su Oh, Jae-Seek You, Gyeong-Je Lee, Yo-Seob Seo, Do Kyung Kim, Chun Sung Kim, Sook-Young Lee, Jae-Sung Kim
The aim of the present study was to investigate biochanin-A-induced anticancer effects and their cellular signaling pathway in FaDu pharyngeal squamous carcinoma cells. Biochanin-A induced cell death through increased cytotoxicity of FaDu cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The number of cells with nucleus condensation and the apoptotic population were increased in the FaDu cells stimulated with biochanin-A for 24 h. Furthermore, extrinsic apoptotic factors such as FasL and their downstream target caspase-8 were increased and activated in the FaDu cells treated with biochanin-A in a dose-dependent manner...
September 13, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889079/lead-induces-apoptosis-in-mouse-tm3-leydig-cells-through-the-fas-fasl-death-receptor-pathway
#5
Xiuyuan He, Jing Wu, Liyun Yuan, Feng Lin, Jine Yi, Jing Li, Hui Yuan, Jinling Shi, Tingting Yuan, Shufang Zhang, Yongheng Fan, Zhihang Zhao
The study was aimed to investigate the effect of Pb toxicity on mouse Leydig cells and its molecular mechanism. The TM3 cells were cultured in vitro and exposed to Pb at different concentrations for 24h. The effects of Pb on cell proliferation and apoptosis were analyzed with MTT and Annexin V-FITC/PI via flow cytometry, respectively. Expression levels of Fas, Fas-L and caspase-8 in TM3 cells were determined by western blot. As well as the inhibitory effect of the caspase-8 inhibitor Z-IETD-FMK on cell apoptosis...
September 1, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888778/mincle-inhibits-neutrophils-and-macrophages-apoptosis-in-a-fumigatus-keratitis
#6
Jing Lin, Kun He, Guiqiu Zhao, Cui Li, Liting Hu, Guoqiang Zhu, Yawen Niu, Guipei Hao
PURPOSE: To determine whether macrophage inducible C-type lectin (Mincle) regulates neutrophils and macrophages apoptosis in A. fumigatus keratitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A murine model (C57BL/6) of fungal keratitis (AF) was established by gently scraping corneal central epithelium, smearing A. fumigatus on the epithelium surface and covering the eye with contact lenses. AF cell model was established by extracting neutrophils (PMN) and macrophages, and then infecting cells with A...
September 7, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888620/the-caspase-8-bid-cytochrome-c-axis-links-signals-from-death-receptors-to-mitochondrial-reactive-oxygen-species-production
#7
Wan-Sung Kim, Kwang-Soon Lee, Ji-Hee Kim, Chun-Ki Kim, Gwangsoo Lee, Jongseon Choe, Moo-Ho Won, Tae-Hyoung Kim, Dooil Jeoung, Hansoo Lee, Ji-Yoon Kim, Mi Ae Jeong, Kwon-Soo Ha, Young-Guen Kwon, Young-Myeong Kim
Ligation of the death receptors for TNF-α, FasL, and TRAIL triggers two common pathways, caspase-dependent intrinsic apoptosis and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. The apoptotic pathway is well characterized; however, a signaling linker between the death receptor and ROS production has not been clearly elucidated. Here, we found that death receptor-induced ROS generation was strongly inhibited by mitochondrial complex I and II inhibitors, but not by inhibitors of NADPH oxidase, lipoxygenase, cyclooxygenase or xanthine oxidase, indicating that ROS are mostly generated by the impairment of the mitochondrial respiratory chain...
September 6, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881749/effects-of-microrna-126-on-cell-proliferation-apoptosis-and-tumor-angiogenesis-via-the-down-regulating-erk-signaling-pathway-by-targeting-egfl7-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#8
Cheng Gong, Jing Fang, Guang Li, Han-Han Liu, Zhi-Su Liu
This study intends to explore the effects of microRNA-126 (miR-126) on cell proliferation, apoptosis, and tumor angiogenesis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by regulating epidermal growth factor-like domain 7 (EGFL7) through extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling. HCC tissues and adjacent normal tissues were obtained from 184 HCC patients. HCC cells were separately transfected with recombinant plasmids. Western blotting and qRT-PCR were applied to detect miR-126 and EGFL7, ERK, Fas/FasL, Bcl-2, Caspase mRNA and protein levels...
August 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879546/the-btk-dependent-pip5k1%C3%AE-lipid-kinase-activation-by-fas-counteracts-fasl-induced-cell-death
#9
Aurélie Rossin, Nadia Lounnas, Jérôme Durivault, Giorgia Miloro, Laurent Gagnoux-Palacios, Anne-Odile Hueber
The Fas/FasL system plays a critical role in death by apoptosis and immune escape of cancer cells. The Fas receptor being ubiquitously expressed in tissues, its apoptotic-inducing function, initiated upon FasL binding, is tightly regulated by several negative regulatory mechanisms to prevent inappropriate cell death. One of them, involving the non-receptor tyrosine kinase Btk, was reported mainly in B cells and only poorly described. We report here that Btk negatively regulates, through its tyrosine kinase activity, the FasL-mediated cell death in epithelial cell lines from colon cancer origin...
September 6, 2017: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874163/expression-of-factors-involved-in-apoptosis-and-cell-survival-is-correlated-with-enzymes-synthesizing-lysophosphatidic-acid-and-its-receptors-in-granulosa-cells-originating-from-different-types-of-bovine-ovarian-follicles
#10
Emilia Sinderewicz, Katarzyna Grycmacher, Dorota Boruszewska, Ilona Kowalczyk-Zięba, Joanna Staszkiewicz, Tomasz Ślężak, Izabela Woclawek-Potocka
BACKGROUND: Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) regulates reproductive processes in the cow. Ovarian granulosa cells play a pivotal role in follicle growth and development. Nevertheless, the role of LPA in the local regulation of granulosa cell function in different follicle categories in the bovine ovary has not been investigated. METHODS: Ovarian follicles were divided into healthy, transitional and atretic categories. The expression levels of AX, PLA2, LPARs and factors involved in apoptosis and cell survival processes in granulosa cells in different types of follicles were measured by real-time PCR...
September 6, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855652/xwl-1-48-exerts-antitumor-activity-via-targeting-topoisomerase-ii-and-enhancing-degradation-of-mdm2-in-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#11
Yajie Wang, Hua Sun, Zhiyan Xiao, Dan Zhang, Xiuqi Bao, Ning Wei
A novel podophyllotoxin derivative, XWL-1-48, was synthesized as an oral topoisomerase II inhibitor. kDNA decatenation assay indicated that XWL-1-48 significantly inhibited topoisomerase II activity in a concentration-dependent manner. Moreover, the cytotoxicity of XWL-1-48 is more potent than its congener GL331 and the IC50 values are from 0.34 ± 0.21 to 3.54 ± 0.54 µM in 10 cancer cell lines including KBV200 cells with P-gp overexpression. Noticeably, XWL-1-48 exerted potent antitumor activity in in vitro and in vivo human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) model...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835677/ripk1-protects-hepatocytes-from-death-in-fas-induced-hepatitis
#12
Aveline Filliol, Muhammad Farooq, Claire Piquet-Pellorce, Valentine Genet, Marie-Thérèse Dimanche-Boitrel, Peter Vandenabeele, Mathieu J M Bertrand, Michel Samson, Jacques Le Seyec
Hepatocyte death is a central event during liver disease progression, in which immune cells play key roles by activating members of the Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor Superfamily (TNFRSF), including TNFR1 (TNFRSF1A), Fas (TNFRSF6) and TRAIL-R2 (TNFRSF10B). Receptor Interacting Protein Kinase 1 (RIPK1) emerged as a signaling node downstream of these receptors. In the case of TNFR1, RIPK1 has been demonstrated to paradoxically serve as a scaffold to promote the survival of hepatocytes and as a kinase to kill them...
August 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830628/effect-of-kisspeptin-on-the-proliferation-and-apoptosis-of-bovine-granulosa-cells
#13
Hongyu Liu, Gaoqing Xu, Zhiyu Yuan, Yangyunyi Dong, Jun Wang, Wenfa Lu
Previous studies have shown that kisspeptin (Kp-10) is expressed in mammalian ovaries; however, the expression and role of Kp-10 in bovine ovarian granulosa cells are still unclear. In this study, we assessed the expression of Kp-10 and its effects on the proliferation and apoptosis of bovine granulosa cells. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that Kp-10 was expressed in the cytoplasm of bovine ovarian granulosa cells. Moreover, MTT assays showed that 100nM Kp-10 significantly inhibited the viability of granulosa cells (P<0...
October 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819994/the-mechanistic-antitumor-study-of-myricanol-5-fluorobenzyloxy-ether-in-human-leukemic-cell-hl-60
#14
Guan-Hai Dai, Chen-Jie Fan, Ze-Ming Ren, Xuan Chen, Ye-Ling Tong, Zhen-Hua Li, Xiao-Jing Nie, Ke-Qun Chai
AIM: The aim of the study was to explore the growth inhibitory effect of myricanol 5-fluorobenzyloxy ether (5FEM) and the underlying mechanism in human leukemic cells HL-60. MATERIALS & METHODS: 5FEM was obtained by chemical modification of myricanol with fluorobenzyloxy ether at the OH(5) position. The cytotoxicity, cell apoptosis, cell cycle and the expression of key apoptosis-related genes in HL-60 were evaluated. RESULTS & CONCLUSION: 5FEM can significantly inhibited growth of HL-60 cells, increased the G2/M population and upregulated the expression of Bax, Fas, FasL, caspase-9 and p21 and downregulated that of Bcl-2 and survivin...
August 18, 2017: Future Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819459/exosomes-derived-from-natural-killer-cells-exert-therapeutic-effect-in-melanoma
#15
Liya Zhu, Senthilkumar Kalimuthu, Prakash Gangadaran, Ji Min Oh, Ho Won Lee, Se Hwan Baek, Shin Young Jeong, Sang-Woo Lee, Jaetae Lee, Byeong-Cheol Ahn
Objective: Exosomes are nanovesicles that are released from normal and tumor cells and are detectable in cell culture supernatant and human biological fluids. Although previous studies have explored exosomes released from cancer cells, little is understood regarding the functions of exosomes released by normal cells. Natural killer (NK) cells display rapid immunity to metastatic or hematological malignancies, and efforts have been undertaken to clinically exploit the antitumor properties of NK cells. However, the characteristics and functions of exosomes derived from NK cells remain unknown...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810809/optimization-of-human-nk-cell-manufacturing-fully-automated-separation-improved-i-ex-vivo-i-expansion-using-il-21-with-autologous-feeder-cells-and-generation-of-anti-cd123-car-expressing-effector-cells
#16
Stephan Klöß, Olaf Oberschmidt, Michael Morgan, Julia Dahlke, Lubomir Arseniev, Volker Huppert, Markus Granzin, Tanja Gardlowski, Nadine Matthies, Stefanie Soltenborn, Axel Schambach, Ulrike Koehl
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The administration of ex-vivo expanded Natural killer (NK) cells as potential antitumor effector cells appears to be suitable for effector cell-based immunotherapies in high-risk cancer patients. However, the GMP-conform manufacturing of clinical-grade NK cells at sufficiently high numbers represent a great challenge. Therefore, we improved and optimized previous expansion protocols for those effector cells through the use of newly developed culture medium, IL-21 and autologous feeder cells...
August 16, 2017: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808292/binding-of-the-helicobacter-pylori-oipa-causes-apoptosis-of-host-cells-via-modulation-of-bax-bcl-2-levels
#17
Omid Teymournejad, Ashraf Mohabati Mobarez, Zuhair Mohammad Hassan, Amin Talebi Bezmin Abadi
The H. pylori outer inflammatory protein A (OipA) is an outer membrane protein that contributes to gastric inflammation. OipA is believed to affect intra-cellular signalling and modulate the host signalling pathways. The aim of the current study was to clarify the role of OipA in H. pylori pathogenesis and its effect on host cell signalling pathways. To this end, the oipA gene was isolated and inserted into cloning and expression vectors. The recombinant plasmid was transferred into an expression host to produce OipA, which was subsequently purified by affinity chromatography and used for antibody production...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807283/neospora-caninum-rop16-play-an-important-role-in-the-pathogenicity-by-phosphorylating-host-cell-stat3
#18
Lei Ma, Gongzhen Liu, Jing Liu, Muzi Li, Heng Zhang, Di Tang, Qun Liu
Neospora caninum is a common cause of abortions in cattle and nervous system dysfunctions in dogs. Our analysis shows that NcROP16 and TgROP16 have similar structures and may have similar functions. To our surprise, we found that similar to the T. gondii RH strain, the N. caninum Nc-1 strain could phosphorylate STAT3(Y705), but in contrast to T. gondii, N. caninum Nc-1 could not phosphorylate STAT6(Y641). We constructed a gene-knockout plasmid and screened ΔNcROP16 strains at the gene, protein and transcription levels...
August 30, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798777/mesenchymal-stem-cells-promote-metastasis-of-lung-cancer-cells-by-downregulating-systemic-antitumor-immune-response
#19
Marina Gazdic, Bojana Simovic Markovic, Nemanja Jovicic, Maja Misirkic-Marjanovic, Valentin Djonov, Vladimir Jakovljevic, Nebojsa Arsenijevic, Miodrag L Lukic, Vladislav Volarevic
Since majority of systemically administered mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) become entrapped within the lungs, we used metastatic model of lung cancer, induced by intravenous injection of Lewis lung cancer 1 (LLC1) cells, to investigate the molecular mechanisms involved in MSC-mediated modulation of metastasis. MSCs significantly augmented lung cancer metastasis, attenuate concentrations of proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-17), and increase levels of immunosuppressive IL-10, nitric oxide, and kynurenine in sera of LLC1-treated mice...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798348/fas-ligand-mediated-cytotoxicity-of-cd4-t-cells-during-chronic-retrovirus-infection
#20
Anna Malyshkina, Elisabeth Littwitz-Salomon, Kathrin Sutter, Gennadiy Zelinskyy, Sonja Windmann, Simone Schimmer, Annette Paschen, Hendrik Streeck, Kim J Hasenkrug, Ulf Dittmer
CD4+ helper T cells and cytotoxic CD8+ T cells are key players for adaptive immune responses against acute infections with retroviruses. Similar to textbook knowledge the most important function of CD4+ T cells during an acute retrovirus infection seems to be their helper function for other immune cells. Whereas there was no direct anti-viral activity of CD4+ T cells during acute Friend Virus (FV) infection, they were absolutely required for the control of chronic infection. During chronic FV infection a population of activated FV-specific CD4+ T cells did not express cytotoxic molecules, but Fas Ligand that can induce Fas-induced apoptosis in target cells...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
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