keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Robotic rehabilitation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223621/does-observation-of-a-disabled-child-s-action-moderate-action-execution-implication-for-the-use-of-action-observation-therapy-for-patient-rehabilitation
#1
Marie Alsamour, Maxime Gilliaux, Anne Renders, Thierry Lejeune, Gaëtan Stoquart, Martin Gareth Edwards
BACKGROUND: Research investigating action observation-execution priming has mainly manipulated congruent versus incongruent action, and aspects of action expertise/capability. More specifically, the literature suggests enhanced performance priming following action observation by actors closely matched to participant expertise. The aim of the present study was to extend the understanding of action expertise effects by investigating action priming in healthy participants after observing a mild hemiparetic child actor versus a neurologically healthy child actor...
November 15, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221967/improving-cognitive-function-in-patients-with-stroke-can-computerized-training-be-the-future
#2
Rosaria De Luca, Simona Leonardi, Letteria Spadaro, Margherita Russo, Bianca Aragona, Michele Torrisi, Maria Grazia Maggio, Alessia Bramanti, Antonino Naro, Maria Cristina De Cola, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment after stroke is common and can cause disability with a high impact on quality of life and independence. Cognitive rehabilitation is a therapeutic approach designed to improve cognitive functioning after central nervous system's injuries. Computerized cognitive rehabilitation (CCR) uses multimedia and informatics resources to optimize cognitive compromised performances. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of pc cognitive training with Erica software in patients with stroke...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219877/effectiveness-of-robotic-assisted-rehabilitation-for-mobility-and-functional-ability-in-adult-stroke-patients-a-systematic-review
#3
Kenneth Lo, Matthew Stephenson, Craig Lockwood
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a leading cause of long-term disability, and rehabilitation, involving repetitive, high intensity, task-specific exercises, is the pathway to restoring motor skills. Robotic assistive devices are increasingly being used and it is hoped that with robotic devices, rehabilitation progress can be achieved for patients. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of robotic devices in the rehabilitation of stroke patients for upper limb mobility, lower limb mobility, and activities of daily living...
December 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218004/decoding-of-self-paced-lower-limb-movement-intention-a-case-study-on-the-influence-factors
#4
Dong Liu, Weihai Chen, Ricardo Chavarriaga, Zhongcai Pei, José Del R Millán
Brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) have been applied as new rehabilitation tools for motor disabled individuals. Active involvement of cerebral activity has been shown to enhance neuroplasticity and thus to restore mobility. Various studies have focused on the detection of upper-limb movement intention, while the fewer study has investigated the lower-limb movement intention decoding. This study presents a BMI to decode the self-paced lower-limb movement intention, with 10 healthy subjects participating in the experiment...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212528/effectiveness-of-robot-assisted-training-added-to-conventional-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-humeral-fracture-early-after-surgical-treatment-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-multicentre-trial
#5
Corinna Nerz, Lars Schwickert, Clemens Becker, Stefan Studier-Fischer, Janina Anna Müßig, Peter Augat
BACKGROUND: The incidence of proximal humeral fractures increases with age. The functional recovery of the upper arm after such fractures is slow, and results are often disappointing. Treatment is associated with long immobilisation periods. Evidence-based exercise guidelines are missing. Loss of muscle mass as well as reduced range of motion and motor performance are common consequences. These losses could be partly counteracted by training interventions using robot-assisted arm support of the affected arm derived from neurorehabilitation...
December 6, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208476/what-does-best-evidence-tell-us-about-robotic-gait-rehabilitation-in-stroke-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Maria Federica Bruni, Corrado Melegari, Maria Cristina De Cola, Alessia Bramanti, Placido Bramanti, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
BACKGROUND: Studies about electromechanical-assisted devices proved the validity and effectiveness of these tools in gait rehabilitation, especially if used in association with conventional physiotherapy in stroke patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of different robotic devices in improving post-stroke gait abnormalities. METHODS: A computerized literature research of articles was conducted in the databases MEDLINE, PEDro, COCHRANE, besides a search for the same items in the Library System of the University of Parma (Italy)...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202845/robotic-assisted-gait-as-a-tool-for-rehabilitation-of-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Ledycnarf J Holanda, Patrícia M M Silva, Thiago C Amorim, Matheus O Lacerda, Camila R Simão, Edgard Morya
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is characterized by a total or partial deficit of sensory and motor pathways. Impairments of this injury compromise muscle recruitment and motor planning, thus reducing functional capacity. SCI patients commonly present psychological, intestinal, urinary, osteomioarticular, tegumentary, cardiorespiratory and neural alterations that aggravate in chronic phase. One of the neurorehabilitation goals is the restoration of these abilities by favoring improvement in the quality of life and functional independence...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200624/exercise-using-a-robotic-knee-orthosis-in-stroke-patients-with-hemiplegia
#8
Shuhei Iida, Dai Kawakita, Takuya Fujita, Hirohumi Uematsu, Takahisa Kotaki, Kikuko Ikeda, Chikara Aoki
[Purpose] The Robotics Knee Orthosis (RKO) is a knee-ankle-foot orthosis with active robot assisting technology. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of exercise with the RKO (RKO-exercise) in stroke patients with hemiplegia. [Subjects and Methods] Participants were nine stroke patients with hemiplegia, residing in a convalescent rehabilitation ward. The duration of the RKO-exercise program was 10 days. Participants were evaluated three times prior to intervention, once after intervention, and one month post intervention...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199246/factors-leading-to-improved-gait-function-in-patients-with-subacute-or-chronic-central-nervous-system-impairments-who-receive-functional-training-with-the-robot-suit-hybrid-assistive-limb
#9
Masahiko Nishimura, Shigetaka Kobayashi, Yuki Kinjo, Yohei Hokama, Kenichi Sugawara, Yukio Tsuchida, Daisuke Tominaga, Shogo Ishiuchi
The factors that lead to the improvement of gait function in patients with diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) who use a hybrid assistive limb (HAL) are not yet fully understood. The purpose of the present study was to analyze these factors to determine the prognosis of the patients' gait function. Patients whose CNS disease was within 180 days since onset were designated as the subacute-phase patients, and patients whose disease onset had occurred more than 180 days previously were designated as chronic-phase patients...
December 1, 2017: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182569/knee-impedance-modulation-to-control-an-active-orthosis-using-insole-sensors
#10
Ana Cecilia Villa-Parra, Denis Delisle-Rodriguez, Jessica Souza Lima, Anselmo Frizera-Neto, Teodiano Bastos
Robotic devices for rehabilitation and gait assistance have greatly advanced with the objective of improving both the mobility and quality of life of people with motion impairments. To encourage active participation of the user, the use of admittance control strategy is one of the most appropriate approaches, which requires methods for online adjustment of impedance components. Such approach is cited by the literature as a challenge to guaranteeing a suitable dynamic performance. This work proposes a method for online knee impedance modulation, which generates variable gains through the gait cycle according to the users' anthropometric data and gait sub-phases recognized with footswitch signals...
November 28, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182082/stiffness-customization-and-patterning-for-property-modulation-of-silicone-based-soft-pneumatic-actuators
#11
Yi Sun, Hong Kai Yap, Xinquan Liang, Jin Guo, Peng Qi, Marcelo H Ang, Chen-Hua Yeow
Soft pneumatic actuators (SPAs), as novel types of motion drivers for robotic devices, excel in many applications, such as rehabilitation and biomimicry, which demand compliance and softness. To further expand their scope of utilization, the SPAs should be customizable to meet the distinctive requirements of different applications. This article proposes a novel perspective on the SPA working mechanism based on stiffness distribution and then presents a versatile method called stiffness customization and patterning (SCP) for SPA body stiffness layout as a novel attempt to customize SPAs with distinctive properties...
September 2017: Soft Robotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168775/wearable-stretch-sensors-for-motion-measurement-of-the-wrist-joint-based-on-dielectric-elastomers
#12
Bo Huang, Mingyu Li, Tao Mei, David McCoul, Shihao Qin, Zhanfeng Zhao, Jianwen Zhao
Motion capture of the human body potentially holds great significance for exoskeleton robots, human-computer interaction, sports analysis, rehabilitation research, and many other areas. Dielectric elastomer sensors (DESs) are excellent candidates for wearable human motion capture systems because of their intrinsic characteristics of softness, light weight, and compliance. In this paper, DESs were applied to measure all component motions of the wrist joints. Five sensors were mounted to different positions on the wrist, and each one is for one component motion...
November 23, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156378/effect-of-robotic-assisted-gait-rehabilitation-on-dynamic-equilibrium-control-in-the-gait-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#13
L Wallard, G Dietrich, Y Kerlirzin, J Bredin
Due to the intensity and repetition of movement, roboticassisted gait training therapy could have a beneficial effect on the recovery and improvement of postural and locomotor functions of the patient. This study sought to highlight the effects of robotic-assisted gait rehabilitation in gait of children with Cerebral Palsy (CP). We analyzed the different strategies before and after this rehabilitation which was used in order to generate forward motion while maintaining balance. Data were collected by a motion analysis system (Vicon® - Oxford Metrics, Oxford, UK)...
November 11, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155369/virtual-rehabilitation-with-children-challenges-for-clinical-adoption-from-the-field
#14
Stephanie Glegg
Virtual, augmented, and mixed reality environments are increasingly being developed and used to address functional rehabilitation goals related to physical, cognitive, social, and psychological impairments. For example, a child with an acquired brain injury may participate in virtual rehabilitation to address impairments in balance, attention, turn taking, and engagement in therapy. The trend toward virtual rehabilitation first gained momentum with the adoption of commercial off-the-shelf active video gaming consoles (e...
November 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154509/technology-assisted-rehabilitation-interventions-following-pediatric-brain-injury
#15
Shari L Wade, Megan E Narad, Emily L Shultz, Brad G Kurowski, Aimee E Miley, Jessica M Aguilar, Anna-Lynne R Adlam
INTRODUCTION: Following traumatic brain injury (TBI), children experience a variety of physical, motor, speech, and cognitive deficits that can have a long-term detrimental impact. The emergence and popularity of new technologies has led to research into the development of various apps, gaming systems, websites, and robotics that might be applied to rehabilitation. The objective of this narrative review was to describe the current literature technologically-assisted interventions for the rehabilitation of motor, neurocognitive, behavioral, and family impairments following pediatric TBI...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148855/effects-of-virtual-reality-based-training-with-bts-nirvana-on-functional-recovery-in-stroke-patients-preliminary-considerations
#16
Rosaria De Luca, Margherita Russo, Antonino Naro, Provvidenza Tomasello, Simona Leonardi, Floriana Santamaria, Latella Desireè, Alessia Bramanti, Giuseppe Silvestri, Placido Bramanti, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
AIM OF THE STUDY: cognitive impairment occurs frequently in post-stroke patients. This study aimed to determine the effects of a virtual reality training (VRT) with BTs-Nirvana (BTsN) on the recovery of cognitive functions in stroke patients, using the Interactive-Semi-Immersive Program (I-SIP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 12 subjects (randomly divided into two groups: experimental group -EG; and control group -CG), who attended the Laboratory of Robotic and Cognitive Rehabilitation of IRCCS Neurolesi of Messina from January to June 2016...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145345/the-role-of-sativex-in-robotic-rehabilitation-in-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis-rationale-study-design-and-methodology
#17
Margherita Russo, Vincenzo Dattola, Anna Lisa Logiudice, Rosella Ciurleo, Edoardo Sessa, Rosaria De Luca, Placido Bramanti, Alessia Bramanti, Antonino Naro, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
INTRODUCTION: Currently, none of the available multiple sclerosis (MS) disease-modifying medications has been shown to stop or reverse gait disability. Recently, the nabiximols has been tested for the treatment of spasticity and walking impairment in MS. Nabiximols (trade name Sativex) is an oromucosal spray formulation containing 1:1 fixed ratio of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol derived from cloned Cannabis sativa L. plant. METHOD AND ANALYSIS: A single-center, prospective, parallel design, single-blind trial will be conducted at the IRCCS Neurolesi "Bonino-Pulejo" (Italy) involving MS patients affected by spasticity and undergoing a Robotic Rehabilitation training...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144106/cognitive-reserve-as-a-variable-impacting-the-effectiveness-of-rehabilitation-on-balance-in-parkinson-s-disease
#18
Giulia Piccinini, Isabella Imbimbo, Diego Ricciardi, Daniele Coraci, Claudia Santilli, Maria R Lo Monaco, Claudia Loreti, Maria C Vulpiani, Maria C Silveri, Luca Padua
BACKGROUND: Cognitive reserve (CR) can be considered an active expression of brain resilience in response to damage. Several studies have shown the influence of CR on cognitive impairment and its relationship with cognitive function in Parkinson's disease (PD). AIM: To show if CR influences the effectiveness of balance rehabilitation in PD patients who performed a conventional rehabilitative treatment. DESIGN: Observational longitudinal study...
November 16, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132388/a-composite-robotic-based-measure-of-upper-limb-proprioception
#19
Jeffrey M Kenzie, Jennifer A Semrau, Michael D Hill, Stephen H Scott, Sean P Dukelow
BACKGROUND: Proprioception is the sense of the position and movement of our limbs, and is vital for executing coordinated movements. Proprioceptive disorders are common following stroke, but clinical tests for measuring impairments in proprioception are simple ordinal scales that are unreliable and relatively crude. We developed and validated specific kinematic parameters to quantify proprioception and compared two common metrics, Euclidean and Mahalanobis distances, to combine these parameters into an overall summary score of proprioception...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127346/microelectrode-implantation-in-motor-cortex-causes-fine-motor-deficit-implications-on-potential-considerations-to-brain-computer-interfacing-and-human-augmentation
#20
Monika Goss-Varley, Keith R Dona, Justin A McMahon, Andrew J Shoffstall, Evon S Ereifej, Sydney C Lindner, Jeffrey R Capadona
Intracortical microelectrodes have shown great success in enabling locked-in patients to interact with computers, robotic limbs, and their own electrically driven limbs. The recent advances have inspired world-wide enthusiasm resulting in billions of dollars invested in federal and industrial sponsorships to understanding the brain for rehabilitative applications. Additionally, private philanthropists have also demonstrated excitement in the field by investing in the use of brain interfacing technologies as a means to human augmentation...
November 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
2622
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"