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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641722/novel-findings-in-hiv-immune-reconstitution-disease-and-strongyloides-stercoralis-infection
#1
Roberto G Aru, Benjamin M Chilcutt, Saira Butt, Richard D deShazo
We report the successful treatment of an HIV-infected patient with progressive strongyloidiasis as a component of immune reconstitution disease and a review of the literature on this topic. In our experience, pre- and post-antiretroviral therapy intestinal biopsies support a novel mechanism of immune reconstitution disease to Strongyloides stercoralis. We conclude that extended, dual antihelminthic therapy and temporary discontinuation of antiretroviral therapy may be effective in similar patients.
June 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637631/validity-of-a-digital-diet-estimation-method-for-use-with-preschool-children
#2
Theresa Nicklas, Noemi G Islam, Rabab Saab, Rebecca Schulin, Yan Liu, Nancy F Butte, John W Apolzan, Candice A Myers, Corby K Martin
BACKGROUND: The validity of using the Remote Food Photography Method (RFPM) for measuring food intake of minority preschool children's intake is not well documented. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine the validity of intake estimations made by human raters using the RFPM compared with those obtained by weighing all foods and beverages consumed by 3- to 5-year-old children (weighed method). DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional observational study...
June 18, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637511/the-emergence-of-mesencephalic-trigeminal-neurons
#3
Marcela Lipovsek, Julia Ledderose, Thomas Butts, Tanguy Lafont, Clemens Kiecker, Andrea Wizenmann, Anthony Graham
BACKGROUND: The cells of the mesencephalic trigeminal nucleus (MTN) are the proprioceptive sensory neurons that innervate the jaw closing muscles. These cells differentiate close to the two key signalling centres that influence the dorsal midbrain, the isthmus, which mediates its effects via FGF and WNT signalling and the roof plate, which is a major source of BMP signalling as well as WNT signalling. METHODS: In this study, we have set out to analyse the importance of FGF, WNT and BMP signalling for the development of the MTN...
June 21, 2017: Neural Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633063/serum-perfluoroalkyl-acids-pfaas-and-associations-with-behavioral-attributes
#4
Rebecca Siebenaler, Rochelle Cameron, Craig M Butt, Kate Hoffman, Christopher P Higgins, Heather M Stapleton
The ubiquitous use of poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in a variety of industrial and consumer products has resulted in chronic exposure in most industrialized nations, and led to measurable concentrations in blood and other tissues in humans across all life stages; however, behavioral attributes that relate to exposure are not well studied. To further investigate how behavior may relate to PFAS exposure, 37 adults were recruited from central North Carolina. Participants provided blood samples and behavioral questionnaires were administered, asking questions about a variety of household, dietary, and behavioral outcomes...
June 9, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631853/high-sensitivity-mr-acoustic-radiation-force-imaging-using-transition-band-balanced-steady-state-free-precession
#5
Yuan Zheng, Michael Marx, G Wilson Miller, Kim Butts Pauly
PURPOSE: MR acoustic radiation force imaging (MR-ARFI) provides a method to visualize the focal spot of a focused ultrasound (FUS) beam without introducing a significant temperature rise. With conventional spoiled MR-ARFI pulse sequences, the ARFI phase always equals the motion-encoded phase. In this work, MR-ARFI using transition band balanced steady-state free precession (bSSFP) is presented, which improves the sensitivity of MR-ARFI with high acquisition speed. THEORY AND METHODS: Motion-encoding gradients (MEG) are inserted into bSSFP sequences for MR-ARFI...
June 20, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630806/prevalence-and-barriers-to-lung-cancer-screening-in-karachi-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-smokers-and-physicians
#6
Aleeza Abbasi, Rabbia Siddiqi, Aatika Owais, Tooba Laeeq, Sara N Ali, Zonaira Mushahid, Syed M Ahsan, Aliya S Jatoi, Aleena Abbasi, Ifrah Butt, Ruba Ali, Maham Abbasi, Syeda Naintara N Jaffri, Mariam Jabir, Hajra Khanani, Kaneez Fatima
BACKGROUND: Early detection of lung cancer using low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) can potentially reduce morbidity and mortality. However, LDCT for lung cancer screening, especially in low income countries, has been underutilized. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and the potential personal, social, and economic barriers of lung cancer screening using LDCT. METHODS: A total sample of 156 smokers and 200 general physicians was collected during December 2016-February 2017 from community settings in Karachi, Pakistan...
May 15, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629931/fathers-feeding-practices-and-children-s-weight-status-in-mexican-american-families
#7
Carlos Penilla, Jeanne M Tschann, Julianna Deardorff, Elena Flores, Lauri A Pasch, Nancy F Butte, Steven E Gregorich, Louise C Greenspan, Suzanna M Martinez, Emily Ozer
Mothers' feeding practices are associated with their children's weight status, but little is known about the associations between fathers' feeding practices and children's weight status. Moreover, there is a dearth of research on Latino fathers' feeding practices and children's weight status, even though Latino children suffer some of the highest obesity rates in the U.S. We examined the associations between fathers' feeding practices and child weight status, conditional on mothers' feeding practices, within 174 Mexican American families with children aged 8-10 years...
June 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623436/high-dose-rate-brachytherapy-as-salvage-modality-for-locally-recurrent-prostate-cancer-after-definitive-radiotherapy-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Georgios Chatzikonstantinou, Nikolaos Zamboglou, Claus Rödel, Eleni Zoga, Iosif Strouthos, Saeed Ahmed Butt, Nikolaos Tselis
PURPOSE: To review the current status of interstitial high-dose-rate brachytherapy as a salvage modality (sHDR BRT) for locally recurrent prostate cancer after definitive radiotherapy (RT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was performed in PubMed using "high-dose-rate, brachytherapy, prostate cancer, salvage" as search terms. In all, 51 search results published between 2000 and 2016 were identified. Data tables were generated and summary descriptions created...
June 16, 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621989/azimuthally-differential-pion-femtoscopy-in-pb-pb-collisions-at-sqrt-s_-nn-2-76%C3%A2-%C3%A2-tev
#9
D Adamová, M M Aggarwal, G Aglieri Rinella, M Agnello, N Agrawal, Z Ahammed, S Ahmad, S U Ahn, S Aiola, A Akindinov, S N Alam, D S D Albuquerque, D Aleksandrov, B Alessandro, D Alexandre, R Alfaro Molina, A Alici, A Alkin, J Alme, T Alt, S Altinpinar, I Altsybeev, C Alves Garcia Prado, M An, C Andrei, H A Andrews, A Andronic, V Anguelov, C Anson, T Antičić, F Antinori, P Antonioli, R Anwar, L Aphecetche, H Appelshäuser, S Arcelli, R Arnaldi, O W Arnold, I C Arsene, M Arslandok, B Audurier, A Augustinus, R Averbeck, M D Azmi, A Badalà, Y W Baek, S Bagnasco, R Bailhache, R Bala, A Baldisseri, M Ball, R C Baral, A M Barbano, R Barbera, F Barile, L Barioglio, G G Barnaföldi, L S Barnby, V Barret, P Bartalini, K Barth, J Bartke, E Bartsch, M Basile, N Bastid, S Basu, B Bathen, G Batigne, A Batista Camejo, B Batyunya, P C Batzing, I G Bearden, H Beck, C Bedda, N K Behera, I Belikov, F Bellini, H Bello Martinez, R Bellwied, L G E Beltran, V Belyaev, G Bencedi, S Beole, A Bercuci, Y Berdnikov, D Berenyi, R A Bertens, D Berzano, L Betev, A Bhasin, I R Bhat, A K Bhati, B Bhattacharjee, J Bhom, L Bianchi, N Bianchi, C Bianchin, J Bielčík, J Bielčíková, A Bilandzic, G Biro, R Biswas, S Biswas, J T Blair, D Blau, C Blume, G Boca, F Bock, A Bogdanov, L Boldizsár, M Bombara, G Bonomi, M Bonora, J Book, H Borel, A Borissov, M Borri, E Botta, C Bourjau, P Braun-Munzinger, M Bregant, T A Broker, T A Browning, M Broz, E J Brucken, E Bruna, G E Bruno, D Budnikov, H Buesching, S Bufalino, P Buhler, S A I Buitron, P Buncic, O Busch, Z Buthelezi, J B Butt, J T Buxton, J Cabala, D Caffarri, H Caines, A Caliva, E Calvo Villar, P Camerini, A A Capon, F Carena, W Carena, F Carnesecchi, J Castillo Castellanos, A J Castro, E A R Casula, C Ceballos Sanchez, P Cerello, B Chang, S Chapeland, M Chartier, J L Charvet, S Chattopadhyay, S Chattopadhyay, A Chauvin, M Cherney, C Cheshkov, B Cheynis, V Chibante Barroso, D D Chinellato, S Cho, P Chochula, K Choi, M Chojnacki, S Choudhury, P Christakoglou, C H Christensen, P Christiansen, T Chujo, S U Chung, C Cicalo, L Cifarelli, F Cindolo, J Cleymans, F Colamaria, D Colella, A Collu, M Colocci, G Conesa Balbastre, Z Conesa Del Valle, M E Connors, J G Contreras, T M Cormier, Y Corrales Morales, I Cortés Maldonado, P Cortese, M R Cosentino, F Costa, S Costanza, J Crkovská, P Crochet, E Cuautle, L Cunqueiro, T Dahms, A Dainese, M C Danisch, A Danu, D Das, I Das, S Das, A Dash, S Dash, S De, A De Caro, G de Cataldo, C de Conti, J de Cuveland, A De Falco, D De Gruttola, N De Marco, S De Pasquale, R D De Souza, H F Degenhardt, A Deisting, A Deloff, C Deplano, P Dhankher, D Di Bari, A Di Mauro, P Di Nezza, B Di Ruzza, M A Diaz Corchero, T Dietel, P Dillenseger, R Divià, Ø Djuvsland, A Dobrin, D Domenicis Gimenez, B Dönigus, O Dordic, T Drozhzhova, A K Dubey, A Dubla, L Ducroux, A K Duggal, P Dupieux, R J Ehlers, D Elia, E Endress, H Engel, E Epple, B Erazmus, F Erhardt, B Espagnon, S Esumi, G Eulisse, J Eum, D Evans, S Evdokimov, L Fabbietti, D Fabris, J Faivre, A Fantoni, M Fasel, L Feldkamp, A Feliciello, G Feofilov, J Ferencei, A Fernández Téllez, E G Ferreiro, A Ferretti, A Festanti, V J G Feuillard, J Figiel, M A S Figueredo, S Filchagin, D Finogeev, F M Fionda, E M Fiore, M Floris, S Foertsch, P Foka, S Fokin, E Fragiacomo, A Francescon, A Francisco, U Frankenfeld, G G Fronze, U Fuchs, C Furget, A Furs, M Fusco Girard, J J Gaardhøje, M Gagliardi, A M Gago, K Gajdosova, M Gallio, C D Galvan, D R Gangadharan, P Ganoti, C Gao, C Garabatos, E Garcia-Solis, K Garg, P Garg, C Gargiulo, P Gasik, E F Gauger, M B Gay Ducati, M Germain, P Ghosh, S K Ghosh, P Gianotti, P Giubellino, P Giubilato, E Gladysz-Dziadus, P Glässel, D M Goméz Coral, A Gomez Ramirez, A S Gonzalez, V Gonzalez, P González-Zamora, S Gorbunov, L Görlich, S Gotovac, V Grabski, L K Graczykowski, K L Graham, J L Gramling, L Greiner, A Grelli, C Grigoras, V Grigoriev, A Grigoryan, S Grigoryan, N Grion, J M Gronefeld, F Grosa, J F Grosse-Oetringhaus, R Grosso, L Gruber, F R Grull, F Guber, R Guernane, B Guerzoni, K Gulbrandsen, T Gunji, A Gupta, R Gupta, I B Guzman, R Haake, C Hadjidakis, H Hamagaki, G Hamar, J C Hamon, J W Harris, A Harton, D Hatzifotiadou, S Hayashi, S T Heckel, E Hellbär, H Helstrup, A Herghelegiu, G Herrera Corral, F Herrmann, B A Hess, K F Hetland, H Hillemanns, B Hippolyte, J Hladky, D Horak, R Hosokawa, P Hristov, C Hughes, T J Humanic, N Hussain, T Hussain, D Hutter, D S Hwang, R Ilkaev, M Inaba, M Ippolitov, M Irfan, V Isakov, M S Islam, M Ivanov, V Ivanov, V Izucheev, B Jacak, N Jacazio, P M Jacobs, M B Jadhav, S Jadlovska, J Jadlovsky, C Jahnke, M J Jakubowska, M A Janik, P H S Y Jayarathna, C Jena, S Jena, M Jercic, R T Jimenez Bustamante, P G Jones, A Jusko, P Kalinak, A Kalweit, J H Kang, V Kaplin, S Kar, A Karasu Uysal, O Karavichev, T Karavicheva, L Karayan, E Karpechev, U Kebschull, R Keidel, D L D Keijdener, M Keil, B Ketzer, M Mohisin Khan, P Khan, S A Khan, A Khanzadeev, Y Kharlov, A Khatun, A Khuntia, M M Kielbowicz, B Kileng, D W Kim, D J Kim, D Kim, H Kim, J S Kim, J Kim, M Kim, M Kim, S Kim, T Kim, S Kirsch, I Kisel, S Kiselev, A Kisiel, G Kiss, J L Klay, C Klein, J Klein, C Klein-Bösing, S Klewin, A Kluge, M L Knichel, A G Knospe, C Kobdaj, M Kofarago, T Kollegger, A Kolojvari, V Kondratiev, N Kondratyeva, E Kondratyuk, A Konevskikh, M Kopcik, M Kour, C Kouzinopoulos, O Kovalenko, V Kovalenko, M Kowalski, G Koyithatta Meethaleveedu, I Králik, A Kravčáková, M Krivda, F Krizek, E Kryshen, M Krzewicki, A M Kubera, V Kučera, C Kuhn, P G Kuijer, A Kumar, J Kumar, L Kumar, S Kumar, S Kundu, P Kurashvili, A Kurepin, A B Kurepin, A Kuryakin, S Kushpil, M J Kweon, Y Kwon, S L La Pointe, P La Rocca, C Lagana Fernandes, I Lakomov, R Langoy, K Lapidus, C Lara, A Lardeux, A Lattuca, E Laudi, R Lavicka, L Lazaridis, R Lea, L Leardini, S Lee, F Lehas, S Lehner, J Lehrbach, R C Lemmon, V Lenti, E Leogrande, I León Monzón, P Lévai, S Li, X Li, J Lien, R Lietava, S Lindal, V Lindenstruth, C Lippmann, M A Lisa, V Litichevskyi, H M Ljunggren, W J Llope, D F Lodato, V R Loggins, P I Loenne, V Loginov, C Loizides, P Loncar, X Lopez, E López Torres, A Lowe, P Luettig, M Lunardon, G Luparello, M Lupi, T H Lutz, A Maevskaya, M Mager, S Mahajan, S M Mahmood, A Maire, R D Majka, M Malaev, I Maldonado Cervantes, L Malinina, D Mal'Kevich, P Malzacher, A Mamonov, V Manko, F Manso, V Manzari, Y Mao, M Marchisone, J Mareš, G V Margagliotti, A Margotti, J Margutti, A Marín, C Markert, M Marquard, N A Martin, P Martinengo, J A L Martinez, M I Martínez, G Martínez García, M Martinez Pedreira, A Mas, S Masciocchi, M Masera, A Masoni, A Mastroserio, A M Mathis, A Matyja, C Mayer, J Mazer, M Mazzilli, M A Mazzoni, F Meddi, Y Melikyan, A Menchaca-Rocha, E Meninno, J Mercado Pérez, M Meres, S Mhlanga, Y Miake, M M Mieskolainen, D Mihaylov, K Mikhaylov, L Milano, J Milosevic, A Mischke, A N Mishra, D Miśkowiec, J Mitra, C M Mitu, N Mohammadi, B Mohanty, E Montes, D A Moreira De Godoy, L A P Moreno, S Moretto, A Morreale, A Morsch, V Muccifora, E Mudnic, D Mühlheim, S Muhuri, M Mukherjee, J D Mulligan, M G Munhoz, K Münning, R H Munzer, H Murakami, S Murray, L Musa, J Musinsky, C J Myers, B Naik, R Nair, B K Nandi, R Nania, E Nappi, M U Naru, H Natal da Luz, C Nattrass, S R Navarro, K Nayak, R Nayak, T K Nayak, S Nazarenko, A Nedosekin, R A Negrao De Oliveira, L Nellen, S V Nesbo, F Ng, M Nicassio, M Niculescu, J Niedziela, B S Nielsen, S Nikolaev, S Nikulin, V Nikulin, F Noferini, P Nomokonov, G Nooren, J C C Noris, J Norman, A Nyanin, J Nystrand, H Oeschler, S Oh, A Ohlson, T Okubo, L Olah, J Oleniacz, A C Oliveira Da Silva, M H Oliver, J Onderwaater, C Oppedisano, R Orava, M Oravec, A Ortiz Velasquez, A Oskarsson, J Otwinowski, K Oyama, M Ozdemir, Y Pachmayer, V Pacik, D Pagano, P Pagano, G Paić, S K Pal, P Palni, J Pan, A K Pandey, S Panebianco, V Papikyan, G S Pappalardo, P Pareek, J Park, W J Park, S Parmar, A Passfeld, S P Pathak, V Paticchio, R N Patra, B Paul, H Pei, T Peitzmann, X Peng, L G Pereira, H Pereira Da Costa, D Peresunko, E Perez Lezama, V Peskov, Y Pestov, V Petráček, V Petrov, M Petrovici, C Petta, R P Pezzi, S Piano, M Pikna, P Pillot, L O D L Pimentel, O Pinazza, L Pinsky, D B Piyarathna, M Płoskoń, M Planinic, J Pluta, S Pochybova, P L M Podesta-Lerma, M G Poghosyan, B Polichtchouk, N Poljak, W Poonsawat, A Pop, H Poppenborg, S Porteboeuf-Houssais, J Porter, J Pospisil, V Pozdniakov, S K Prasad, R Preghenella, F Prino, C A Pruneau, I Pshenichnov, M Puccio, G Puddu, P Pujahari, V Punin, J Putschke, H Qvigstad, A Rachevski, S Raha, S Rajput, J Rak, A Rakotozafindrabe, L Ramello, F Rami, D B Rana, R Raniwala, S Raniwala, S S Räsänen, B T Rascanu, D Rathee, V Ratza, I Ravasenga, K F Read, K Redlich, A Rehman, P Reichelt, F Reidt, X Ren, R Renfordt, A R Reolon, A Reshetin, K Reygers, V Riabov, R A Ricci, T Richert, M Richter, P Riedler, W Riegler, F Riggi, C Ristea, M Rodríguez Cahuantzi, K Røed, E Rogochaya, D Rohr, D Röhrich, P S Rokita, F Ronchetti, L Ronflette, P Rosnet, A Rossi, A Rotondi, F Roukoutakis, A Roy, C Roy, P Roy, A J Rubio Montero, R Rui, R Russo, A Rustamov, E Ryabinkin, Y Ryabov, A Rybicki, S Saarinen, S Sadhu, S Sadovsky, K Šafařík, S K Saha, B Sahlmuller, B Sahoo, P Sahoo, R Sahoo, S Sahoo, P K Sahu, J Saini, S Sakai, M A Saleh, J Salzwedel, S Sambyal, V Samsonov, A Sandoval, D Sarkar, N Sarkar, P Sarma, M H P Sas, E Scapparone, F Scarlassara, R P Scharenberg, H S Scheid, C Schiaua, R Schicker, C Schmidt, H R Schmidt, M O Schmidt, M Schmidt, J Schukraft, Y Schutz, K Schwarz, K Schweda, G Scioli, E Scomparin, R Scott, M Šefčík, J E Seger, Y Sekiguchi, D Sekihata, I Selyuzhenkov, K Senosi, S Senyukov, E Serradilla, P Sett, A Sevcenco, A Shabanov, A Shabetai, O Shadura, R Shahoyan, A Shangaraev, A Sharma, A Sharma, M Sharma, M Sharma, N Sharma, A I Sheikh, K Shigaki, Q Shou, K Shtejer, Y Sibiriak, S Siddhanta, K M Sielewicz, T Siemiarczuk, D Silvermyr, C Silvestre, G Simatovic, G Simonetti, R Singaraju, R Singh, V Singhal, T Sinha, B Sitar, M Sitta, T B Skaali, M Slupecki, N Smirnov, R J M Snellings, T W Snellman, J Song, M Song, F Soramel, S Sorensen, F Sozzi, E Spiriti, I Sputowska, B K Srivastava, J Stachel, I Stan, P Stankus, E Stenlund, J H Stiller, D Stocco, P Strmen, A A P Suaide, T Sugitate, C Suire, M Suleymanov, M Suljic, R Sultanov, M Šumbera, S Sumowidagdo, K Suzuki, S Swain, A Szabo, I Szarka, A Szczepankiewicz, M Szymanski, U Tabassam, J Takahashi, G J Tambave, N Tanaka, M Tarhini, M Tariq, M G Tarzila, A Tauro, G Tejeda Muñoz, A Telesca, K Terasaki, C Terrevoli, B Teyssier, D Thakur, S Thakur, D Thomas, R Tieulent, A Tikhonov, A R Timmins, A Toia, S Tripathy, S Trogolo, G Trombetta, V Trubnikov, W H Trzaska, B A Trzeciak, T Tsuji, A Tumkin, R Turrisi, T S Tveter, K Ullaland, E N Umaka, A Uras, G L Usai, A Utrobicic, M Vala, J Van Der Maarel, J W Van Hoorne, M van Leeuwen, T Vanat, P Vande Vyvre, D Varga, A Vargas, M Vargyas, R Varma, M Vasileiou, A Vasiliev, A Vauthier, O Vázquez Doce, V Vechernin, A M Veen, A Velure, E Vercellin, S Vergara Limón, R Vernet, R Vértesi, L Vickovic, S Vigolo, J Viinikainen, Z Vilakazi, O Villalobos Baillie, A Villatoro Tello, A Vinogradov, L Vinogradov, T Virgili, V Vislavicius, A Vodopyanov, M A Völkl, K Voloshin, S A Voloshin, G Volpe, B von Haller, I Vorobyev, D Voscek, D Vranic, J Vrláková, B Wagner, J Wagner, H Wang, M Wang, D Watanabe, Y Watanabe, M Weber, S G Weber, D F Weiser, J P Wessels, U Westerhoff, A M Whitehead, J Wiechula, J Wikne, G Wilk, J Wilkinson, G A Willems, M C S Williams, B Windelband, W E Witt, S Yalcin, P Yang, S Yano, Z Yin, H Yokoyama, I-K Yoo, J H Yoon, V Yurchenko, V Zaccolo, A Zaman, C Zampolli, H J C Zanoli, S Zaporozhets, N Zardoshti, A Zarochentsev, P Závada, N Zaviyalov, H Zbroszczyk, M Zhalov, H Zhang, X Zhang, Y Zhang, C Zhang, Z Zhang, C Zhao, N Zhigareva, D Zhou, Y Zhou, Z Zhou, H Zhu, J Zhu, X Zhu, A Zichichi, A Zimmermann, M B Zimmermann, S Zimmermann, G Zinovjev, J Zmeskal
We present the first azimuthally differential measurements of the pion source size relative to the second harmonic event plane in Pb-Pb collisions at a center-of-mass energy per nucleon-nucleon pair of sqrt[s_{NN}]=2.76  TeV. The measurements have been performed in the centrality range 0%-50% and for pion pair transverse momenta 0.2<k_{T}<0.7  GeV/c. We find that the R_{side} and R_{out} radii, which characterize the pion source size in the directions perpendicular and parallel to the pion transverse momentum, oscillate out of phase, similar to what was observed at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider...
June 2, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619381/recent-experimental-advances-for-understanding-bubble-particle-attachment-in-flotation
#10
REVIEW
Yaowen Xing, Xiahui Gui, Lei Pan, Bat-El Pinchasik, Yijun Cao, Jiongtian Liu, Michael Kappl, Hans-Jürgen Butt
Bubble-particle interaction is of great theoretical and practical importance in flotation. Significant progress has been achieved over the past years and the process of bubble-particle collision is reasonably well understood. This, however, is not the case for bubble-particle attachment leading to three-phase contact line formation due to the difficulty in both theoretical analysis and experimental verification. For attachment, surface forces play a major role. They control the thinning and rupture of the liquid film between the bubble and the particle...
May 31, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618202/effects-of-persistent-fontan-fenestration-patency-on-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-variables
#11
M Elisabeth Heal, Lanier B Jackson, Andrew M Atz, Ryan J Butts
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) aids in clinical assessment of patients with Fontan circulation. Effects of persistent fenestration on CPET variables have not been clearly defined. Associations between fenestration and CPET variables at anaerobic threshold (AT) and peak exercise were explored in the Pediatric Heart Network Fontan Cross-Sectional Study cohort. Fenestration patency was associated with a greater decrease in oxygen saturation from rest to peak exercise (fenestration -4.9 ± 3.8 v. nonfenestration -3 ± 3...
June 15, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616741/ecological-risk-assessment-of-an-open-dumping-site-at-mehmood-booti-lahore-pakistan
#12
Asifa Alam, Amtul Bari Tabinda, Abdul Qadir, Talib E Butt, Sidra Siddique, Adeel Mahmood
A robust risk assessment of Mehmood Booting Open Dumping (MBOD) site has been carried out by developing holistic risk assessment framework. Framework mainly comprises on baseline study, hazard identification, and risk quantification and evaluation. Physico-chemical analysis of groundwater and leachate, health risk assessment, and estimation of gas emissions from the site were carried out for risk evaluation. LandGEM 3.02 modelling software was used to measure the gas emissions. Analysis of leachate showed that all parameters were exceeding the WHO standard limit...
June 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615489/ovarian-fluid-impacts-flagellar-beating-and-biomechanical-metrics-of-sperm-between-alternative-reproductive-tactics
#13
Ian A E Butts, Galina Prokopchuk, Vojtěch Kašpar, Jacky Cosson, Trevor E Pitcher
Alternative reproductive tactics (ARTs) are prevalent in nature, where smaller parasitic males typically have better sperm quality than larger territorial guard males. At present, it is unclear what is causing this phenomenon. Our objective was to gain insights into sperm form and function by examining flagellar beating patterns (beat frequency, wave amplitude, bend length, bend angle, wave velocity) and biomechanical sperm metrics (velocity, hydrodynamic power output, propulsive efficiency) of wild spawning Chinook salmon ARTs...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613878/kinetics-of-light-induced-concentration-patterns-in-transparent-polymer-solutions
#14
Manos Anyfantakis, Andreas Pamvouxoglou, Christos Mantzaridis, Stergios Pispas, Hans-Jürgen Butt, George Fytas, Benoit Loppinet
When exposed to weak visible laser light, solutions of common polymers like poly (isoprene) and poly (butadiene) respond by local concentration variations, which in turn lead to refractive index changes. Various micropatterns have been recently reported, depending mostly on the solvent environment and the irradiation conditions. Here, we focused on the simpler case of single polymer-rich filaments and we employed phase contrast microscopy to systematically investigate the influence of laser illumination and material parameters on the kinetics of the optically induced local concentration increase in the polydiene solutions...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612122/effect-of-passive-heat-stress-and-exercise-in-the-heat-on-arterial-stiffness
#15
Aaron R Caldwell, Forrest B Robinson, Matthew A Tucker, Cash H Arcement, Cory L Butts, Brendon P McDermott, Matthew S Ganio
PURPOSE: Prior evidence indicates that acute heat stress and aerobic exercise independently reduce arterial stiffness. The combined effects of exercise and heat stress on PWV are unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of heat stress with passive heating and exercise in the heat on arterial stiffness. METHODS: Nine participants (n = 3 females, 47 ± 11 years old; 24.1 ± 2.8 kg/m(2)) completed four trials. In a control trial, participants rested supine (CON)...
June 13, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611733/helicobacter-pylori-antibody-reactivities-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-in-a-case-control-study-in-spain
#16
Nerea Fernández de Larrea-Baz, Angelika Michel, Beatriz Romero, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Victor Moreno, Vicente Martín, Trinidad Dierssen-Sotos, José J Jiménez-Moleón, Jesús Castilla, Adonina Tardón, Irune Ruiz, Rosana Peiró, Antonio Tejada, María D Chirlaque, Julia A Butt, Rocío Olmedo-Requena, Inés Gómez-Acebo, Pedro Linares, Elena Boldo, Antoni Castells, Michael Pawlita, Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, Manolis Kogevinas, Silvia de Sanjosé, Marina Pollán, Rosa Del Campo, Tim Waterboer, Nuria Aragonés
Background: Several studies have suggested that Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is a risk factor for colorectal cancer (CRC), while others have not confirmed this hypothesis. This work aimed to assess the relation of CRC with H. pylori seropositivity and with seropositivity to 16 H. pylori proteins, in the MultiCase-Control study, MCC-Spain. Methods: MCC-Spain is a multicase-control study carried out in Spain from 2008 to 2013. In total, 2,140 histologically-confirmed incident CRC cases and 4,098 population-based controls were recruited...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606026/subclinical-myocardial-disease-by-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-spectroscopy-in-healthy-hiv-hepatitis-c-virus-coinfected-persons
#17
Kara W Chew, Chia-Ying Liu, Bharath Ambale-Venkatesh, Diana Liao, Tamara B Horwich, João A C Lima, David A Bluemke, J Paul Finn, Adeel A Butt, Judith S Currier
Objective The contribution of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection to the risk of heart failure in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-coinfected persons is unknown. The objective was to characterize cardiac function and morphology in HIV-treated coinfected persons. Methods In a cross-sectional study, HIV-infected patients virologically suppressed on antiretroviral therapy without known cardiovascular disease or diabetes mellitus underwent cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy for measures of cardiac function, myocardial fibrosis, and steatosis...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605224/effect-of-a-cooling-kit-on-physiology-and-performance-following-exercise-in-the-heat
#18
Cody R Smith, Cory L Butts, J D Adams, Matthew A Tucker, Nicole E Moyen, Matthew S Ganio, Brendon P McDermott
CONTEXT: Exercising in the heat leads to an increase in body temperature that can increase the risk of heat illness or cause detriments in exercise performance. OBJECTIVE: To examine a phase change heat emergency kit (HEK) on thermoregulatory and perceptual responses, and subsequent exercise performance following exercise in the heat. DESIGN: Two randomized crossover trials which consisted of 30 minutes of exercise, 15 minutes of treatment (T1), performance testing (5-10-5 pro-agility test, 1500 m run), and another 15 minutes of treatment (T2) identical to T1...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600949/effect-of-genomic-drift-of-influenza-pcr-tests
#19
Kathleen A Stellrecht, Seela M Nattanmai, Jumshan Butt, Vincente P Maceira, Alvin A Espino, Allan J Castro, Allen Landes, Nicolas Dresser, Shafiq A Butt
BACKGROUND: Nucleic acid amplification assays have become the method of choice for influenza (Flu) testing due to superior accuracy and faster turnaround time. Although assays are designed to detect highly conserved genomic targets, mutations can influence test sensitivity. Most of the circulating viruses in the United States during the 2014-2015 season were associated with significant genetic drift; however, the effect on testing was unknown. OBJECTIVES AND STUDY DESIGN: We compared the performance of Prodesse ProFlu+/ProFAST+ (PFlu/PFAST), FilmArray Respiratory Panel (RP), cobas(®) Influenza A/B test (cIAB), and Xpert(®) Flu (Xpt) in a retrospective analysis of consecutive nasopharyngeal specimens received for a two-week period during the winter of 2015...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600178/a-novel-ghbee1-like-gene-of-cotton-causes-anther-indehiscence-in-transgenic-arabidopsis-under-uncontrolled-transcription-level
#20
Eryong Chen, Xiaoqian Wang, Qian Gong, Hamama Islam Butt, Yanli Chen, Chaojun Zhang, Zuoren Yang, Zhixia Wu, Xiaoyang Ge, Xianlong Zhang, Fuguang Li, Xueyan Zhang
Male-sterile lines are very important for selective breeding, and anther dehiscence defect is an effective way to generate male-sterile lines. Although several bHLH-family proteins in Arabidopsis have been characterized, little is known about the role of bHLH-family proteins in cotton. Here, we isolated a novel bHLH protein from cotton (Gossypium hirsutum), named GhBEE1-Like. Protein domain analysis showed that GhBEE1-Like contained a basic domain and an HLH domain. Subcellular localization analysis revealed that GhBEE1-Like was a nuclear-localized protein...
June 6, 2017: Gene
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