Read by QxMD icon Read

Parkinson's Disease, Deep brain stimulation

C Schlenstedt, A Shalash, M Muthuraman, D Falk, K Witt, G Deuschl
The aim of this meta-analysis was to summarize the short- and long-term effects of bilateral deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN-DBS) on gait and freezing of gait (FOG) in Parkinson's disease and to detect predictors of post-stimulation outcome. A comprehensive review of the literature was conducted up to October 2015 using Medline Ovid databases for studies analyzing the effect of bilateral STN-DBS on FOG and/or gait. Sixteen studies with available data for the gait item (no. 29) of the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) and six studies with the FOG item (no...
October 20, 2016: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
Aristide Merola, Alberto Romagnolo, Laura Rizzi, Mario Giorgio Rizzone, Maurizio Zibetti, Michele Lanotte, George Mandybur, Andrew P Duker, Alberto J Espay, Leonardo Lopiano
To determine the clinical and demographic correlates of persistent, remitting, and new-onset impulse control behaviors (ICBs) before and after subthalamic deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) in Parkinson's disease (PD). We compared the pre- and post-surgical prevalence of ICBs, classified as impulse control disorders (ICD), dopamine dysregulation syndrome (DDS), and punding in 150 consecutive PD STN-DBS-treated patients and determined the association with motor, cognitive, neuropsychological, and neuropsychiatric endpoints...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Neurology
Xin Wang, Jing Wang, Haikang Zhao, Nan Li, Shunnan Ge, Lei Chen, Jiaming Li, Jiangpeng Jing, Mingming Su, Zhaohui Zheng, Jinan Zhang, Guodong Gao, Xuelian Wang
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) may lead to permanent neurological disability of patients and has impeded the extensive clinical application of deep brain stimulation (DBS). The present study was conducted to discuss the incidence, prevention, and treatment of symptomatic ICH after DBS surgery. METHODS: From January 2009 to December 2014, 396 patients underwent DBS with a total of 691 implanted leads. In all, 10 patients had symptomatic ICH...
October 20, 2016: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Alexander I Tröster, Joseph Jankovic, Michele Tagliati, DeLea Peichel, Michael S Okun
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the neurobehavioral safety of constant-current subthalamic deep brain stimulation and to compare the neuropsychological effects of stimulation versus electrode placement alone. METHODS: A total of 136 patients with Parkinson's disease underwent bilateral subthalamic device implantation in this randomized trial. Patients received stimulation either immediately after device implantation (n = 101; active stimulation) or beginning 3 months after surgery (n = 35; delayed activation control)...
October 18, 2016: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
Julien Bonenfant, Sophie Drapier, Jean François Houvenaghel, Florian Naudet, Claire Haegelen, Paul Sauleau, Marc Vérin
INTRODUCTION: Over a 3-year period, we monitored the efficacy and safety of deep-brain stimulation of the globus pallidus pars interna in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease whose cognitive, psychiatric impairment and/or dopa-resistant axial motor signs made them ineligible for surgery targeting the subthalamic nucleus. METHODS: A total of 25 patients were assessed before surgery, 1 year and 3 years after surgery, on the UPDRS and a neuropsychological battery...
October 11, 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
Damien Benis, Olivier David, Brigitte Piallat, Astrid Kibleur, Laurent Goetz, Manik Bhattacharjee, Valérie Fraix, Eric Seigneuret, Paul Krack, Stéphan Chabardès, Julien Bastin
The subthalamic nucleus (STN) plays a critical role during action inhibition, perhaps by acting like a fast brake on the motor system when inappropriate responses have to be rapidly suppressed. However, the mechanisms involving the STN during motor inhibition are still unclear, particularly because of a relative lack of single-cell responses reported in this structure in humans. In this study, we used extracellular microelectrode recordings during deep brain stimulation surgery in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) to study STN neurophysiological correlates of inhibitory control during a stop signal task...
September 21, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
Isabelle Beaulieu-Boire, Camila C Aquino, Alfonso Fasano, Yu-Yan Poon, Melanie Fallis, Antony E Lang, Mojgan Hodaie, Suneil K Kalia, Andres Lozano, Elena Moro
BACKGROUND: Rare causes of inherited movement disorders often present with a debilitating phenotype of dystonia, sometimes combined with parkinsonism and other neurological signs. Since these disorders are often resistant to medications, DBS may be considered as a possible treatment. METHODS: Patients with identified genetic diseases (ataxia-telangiectasia, chorea-achantocytosis, dopa-responsive dystonia, congenital nemaline myopathy, methylmalonic aciduria, neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis, spinocerebellar ataxia types 2 and 3, Wilson's disease, Woodhouse-Sakati syndrome, methylmalonic aciduria, and X trisomy) and disabling dystonia underwent bilateral GPi DBS (bilateral thalamic Vim nucleus in 1 case)...
October 4, 2016: Brain Stimulation
Adam M Nagy, Christopher M Tolleson
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a unique, functional neurosurgical therapy indicated for medication refractory movement disorders as well as some psychiatric diseases. Multicontact electrodes are placed in "deep" structures within the brain with targets varying depending on the surgical indication. An implanted programmable pulse generator supplies the electrodes with a chronic, high frequency electrical current that clinically mimics the effects of ablative lesioning techniques. DBS's efficacy has been well established for its movement disorder indications (Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, and dystonia)...
October 8, 2016: Brain Sciences
Leo Verhagen Metman, Gian Pal, Konstantin Slavin
Deep brain stimulation is now an established therapy for Parkinson's disease, and DBS continues to be refined. Well-established targets, such as the STN and GPi, have shown clear benefit in reducing motor complications in PD, and other more novel targets, such as PPN are being explored. Furthermore, there have been advances in imaging which allow for improved lead placement and also can reduce patient discomfort. The way electrical current is delivered through the DBS lead is also undergoing a transformation, allowing for more options regarding current shaping, steering, and new stimulation paradigms...
November 2016: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
A A Timofeeva, I I Belozertseva
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a chronic progressive neurodegenerative disease that restricts activities of daily living. The prevalence of PD and inevitable disability show the importance of medical/social expertise (MSE) in the system of care for PD patients. Currently, the MSE is based on the Hoehn and Yahr scale that indicates the prevalence of disease but does not evaluate the severity of symptoms. To assess restrictions of activities of daily living, one should consider non-motor symptoms of PD, movement fluctuations and dyskinesia, the efficacy and tolerability of pharmacological treatment, the use of invasive treatment methods (deep brain stimulation, intrajejunal introduction of duodopa)...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Joohi Jimenez-Shahed, Ilknur Telkes, Ashwin Viswanathan, Nuri F Ince
Background: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an emerging treatment strategy for severe, medication-refractory Tourette syndrome (TS). Thalamic (Cm-Pf) and pallidal (including globus pallidus interna, GPi) targets have been the most investigated. While the neurophysiological correlates of Parkinson's disease (PD) in the GPi and subthalamic nucleus (STN) are increasingly recognized, these patterns are not well characterized in other disease states. Recent findings indicate that the cross-frequency coupling (CFC) between beta band and high frequency oscillations (HFOs) within the STN in PD patients is pathologic...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Yu Wang, Zi-Yuan Liu, Wan-Chen Dou, Wen-Bin Ma, Ren-Zhi Wang, Yi Guo
<strong>Objective</strong> To explore the efficacy of target positioning by preoperative CT/MRI image fusion technique in deep brain stimulation.<strong>Methods</strong> We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data and images of 79 cases (68 with Parkinson's disease, 11 with dystonia) who received preoperative CT/MRI image fusion in target positioning of subthalamic nucleus in deep brain stimulation. Deviation of implanted electrodes from the target nucleus of each patient were measured...
September 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
Sarah K B Bick, Bradley S Folley, Jutta S Mayer, Sohee Park, P David Charles, Corrie R Camalier, Srivatsan Pallavaram, Peter E Konrad, Joseph S Neimat
OBJECTIVES: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) improves motor symptoms in advanced Parkinson's disease. STN DBS may also affect emotion, possibly by impacting a parallel limbic cortico-striatal circuit. The objective of this study was to investigate changes in prefrontal cortical activity related to DBS during an emotion induction task. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used near infrared spectroscopy to monitor prefrontal cortex hemodynamic changes during an emotion induction task...
October 12, 2016: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
Clement Hamani, Andres M Lozano, Paolo A M Mazzone, Elena Moro, William Hutchison, Peter A Silburn, Ludvic Zrinzo, Mesbah Alam, Laurent Goetz, Erlick Pereira, Anand Rughani, Wesley Thevathasan, Tipu Aziz, Bastiaan R Bloem, Peter Brown, Stephan Chabardes, Terry Coyne, Kelly Foote, Edgar Garcia-Rill, Etienne C Hirsch, Michael S Okun, Joachim K Krauss
The pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) region has received considerable attention in clinical studies as a target for deep brain stimulation (DBS) in Parkinson disease. These studies have yielded variable results with an overall impression of improvement in falls and freezing in many but not all patients treated. We evaluated the available data on the surgical anatomy and terminology of the PPN region in a companion paper. Here we focus on issues concerning surgical technique, imaging, and early side effects of surgery...
October 12, 2016: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Adolfo Ramirez-Zamora, Heather Smith, Vignessh Kumar, Julia Prusik, Sujoy Phookan, Julie G Pilitsis
BACKGROUND: Although thalamic deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been established as an effective therapy for refractory tremor in Parkinson's disease and essential tremor, reports investigating the efficacy of posterior subthalamic area (PSA) DBS for severe, debilitating tremors continue to emerge. However, questions regarding the optimal anatomical target, surgical approach, programming paradigms and effectiveness compared to other targets remain. OBJECTIVES: In this report, we aimed to review the current literature to assess different stereotactic techniques, anatomical considerations, adverse effects and stimulation settings in PSA DBS...
October 12, 2016: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Johann Zwirner, Dustin Möbius, Ingo Bechmann, Thomas Arendt, Karl-Titus Hoffmann, Carsten Jäger, Donald Lobsien, Robert Möbius, Uwe Planitzer, Dirk Winkler, Markus Morawski, Niels Hammer
The subthalamic nucleus (STN) is a main target structure of deep brain stimulation (DBS) in idiopathic Parkinson's disease. Nevertheless, there is an ongoing discussion regarding human STN volumes and neuron count, which could potentially have an impact on STN-DBS. Moreover, a suspected functional subdivision forms the basis of the tripartite hypothesis, which has not yet been morphologically substantiated. In this study, it was aimed to investigate the human STN by means of combined magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and stereology...
October 11, 2016: Human Brain Mapping
Omid Talakoub, Bogdan Neagu, Kaviraja Udupa, Eric Tsang, Robert Chen, Milos R Popovic, Willy Wong
We are interested in characterizing how brain networks interact and communicate with each other during voluntary movements. We recorded electrical activities from the globus pallidus pars interna (GPi), subthalamic nucleus (STN) and the motor cortex during voluntary wrist movements. Seven patients with dystonia and six patients with Parkinson's disease underwent bilateral deep brain stimulation (DBS) electrode placement. Local field potentials from the DBS electrodes and scalp EEG from the electrodes placed over the motor cortices were recorded while the patients performed externally triggered and self-initiated movements...
October 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
Clement Hamani, Tipu Aziz, Bastiaan R Bloem, Peter Brown, Stephan Chabardes, Terry Coyne, Kelly Foote, Edgar Garcia-Rill, Etienne C Hirsch, Andres M Lozano, Paolo A M Mazzone, Michael S Okun, William Hutchison, Peter Silburn, Ludvic Zrinzo, Mesbah Alam, Laurent Goetz, Erlick Pereira, Anand Rughani, Wesley Thevathasan, Elena Moro, Joachim K Krauss
Several lines of evidence over the last few years have been important in ascertaining that the pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) region could be considered as a potential target for deep brain stimulation (DBS) to treat freezing and other problems as part of a spectrum of gait disorders in Parkinson disease and other akinetic movement disorders. Since the introduction of PPN DBS, a variety of clinical studies have been published. Most indicate improvements in freezing and falls in patients who are severely affected by these problems...
October 11, 2016: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Takamitsu Yamamoto, Chikashi Fukaya, Toshiki Obuchi, Mitsuru Watanabe, Takashi Ohta, Kazutaka Kobayashi, Hideki Oshima, Atsuo Yoshino
BACKGROUND: In this reported case, 7 years after the start of deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the bilateral subthalamic nucleus (STN), glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) developed around the implanted DBS lead. CASE REPORT: The brain tumor formed from the subcortical white matter to the corpus callosum bilaterally around the DBS lead but did not extend in the direction of the contact points of the lead. The GBM showed a typical invasion pattern of the butterfly type...
October 11, 2016: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Anna Castrioto, Odeya Marmor, Marc Deffains, Dafna Willner, Eduard Linetsky, Hagai Bergman, Zvi Israel, Renana Eitan, David Arkadir
Classical rate models of basal ganglia circuitry associate discharge rate of the globus pallidus external and internal segments (GPe, GPi respectively) solely with dopaminergic state and predict an inverse ratio between the discharge rates of the two pallidal segments. In contrast, the effects of other rate modulators such as general anesthesia (GA) on this ratio have been ignored. To respond to this need, we recorded the neuronal activity in the GPe and GPi in awake and anesthetized human patients with dystonia (57 and 53 trajectories respectively) and in awake patients with Parkinson's disease (PD, 16 trajectories) undergoing deep brain stimulation procedures...
September 26, 2016: European Journal of Neuroscience
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"