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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206786/posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-marital-adjustment-among-israeli-combat-veterans-the-role-of-loneliness-and-attachment
#1
Liat Itzhaky, Jacob Y Stein, Yafit Levin, Zahava Solomon
OBJECTIVE: War trauma may foster ramifications for marital relationships. Veterans may feel that no one can understand them and thus impact their relationships. The current study aims to shed light on the role that posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), loneliness, and attachment orientations may play in marital adjustment among combat veterans. METHOD: Participants were 504 veterans who served in the Lebanon War in 1982. RESULTS: Analysis revealed that higher PTSS levels were related to lower marital adjustment and that the indirect path of this relation through loneliness was significant...
February 16, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162161/-effect-of-dexmedetomidine-alone-for-postoperative-analgesia-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#2
X H Chen, Z J Wang, Q M Xiang, J W Zheng
Objective: To investigate the effect of dexmedetomidine alone for postoperative analgesia after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: Forty patients scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy in First Hospital of Ninghai County, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) gradeⅠor Ⅱ, were randomly divided into dexmedetomidine group (Group D, n=20) and fentanyl group (Group F, n=20). The patient controlled analgesia (PCA) pumps were used after the operation. In the group D, the intravenous PCA protocol was dexmedetomidine 0...
January 24, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161885/victimization-from-workplace-bullying-after-a-traumatic-event-time-lagged-relationships-with-symptoms-of-posttraumatic-stress
#3
Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland, Marianne Bang Hansen, Stein Knardahl, Trond Heir
OBJECTIVE: This study examined relationships between victimization from bullying and symptoms of posttraumatic stress (PTSS) after exposure to a terror attack at the workplace. It was hypothesized that (1) victims of bullying report higher and more stable levels of PTSS over time compared to their non-bullied colleagues and (2) that PTSS provides an increased risk of subsequent victimization from bullying. METHODS: The hypotheses were tested in a two-wave prospective sample comprising 2337 employees from Norwegian governmental ministries who were exposed to the 2011 Oslo terror attack...
February 4, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154810/genome-wide-transcriptional-start-site-mapping-and-srna-identification-in-the-pathogen-leptospira-interrogans
#4
Anna Zhukova, Luis Guilherme Fernandes, Perrine Hugon, Christopher J Pappas, Odile Sismeiro, Jean-Yves Coppée, Christophe Becavin, Christophe Malabat, Azad Eshghi, Jun-Jie Zhang, Frank X Yang, Mathieu Picardeau
Leptospira are emerging zoonotic pathogens transmitted from animals to humans typically through contaminated environmental sources of water and soil. Regulatory pathways of pathogenic Leptospira spp. underlying the adaptive response to different hosts and environmental conditions remains elusive. In this study, we provide the first global Transcriptional Start Site (TSS) map of a Leptospira species. RNA was obtained from the pathogen Leptospira interrogans grown at 30°C (optimal in vitro temperature) and 37°C (host temperature) and selectively enriched for 5' ends of native transcripts...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151832/the-relationships-among-symptom-distress-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-depression-in-patients-with-female-specific-cancers
#5
Hong-Yi Tung, Yu-Hua Lin, Chia-Chan Kao, Shu-Fen Wu
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) affect women with breast cancer. However, few studies have explored the relationships among PTSS, symptom distress, and depression in association with cancers specific to women in Taiwan. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the relationships among symptom distress, PTSS, and depression in women given a diagnosis of female-specific cancers. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used, and 220 women given a diagnosis of female-specific cancer were recruited from a general hospital in southern Taiwan...
February 2, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135580/endogenous-cortisol-reactivity-moderates-the-relationship-between-fear-inhibition-to-safety-signals-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms
#6
Daniel V Zuj, Matthew A Palmer, Gin S Malhi, Richard A Bryant, Kim L Felmingham
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) are commonly associated with impairments in extinguishing fear to signals previously associated with danger, and also with inhibiting fear to safety signals. Previous studies indicate that PTSS are associated with low cortisol activity, and cortisol is shown to facilitate fear extinction. Few studies have examined the influence of cortisol reactivity on fear extinction in PTSS. METHOD: We used a standardized fear conditioning and extinction paradigm to investigate the relationship between fear extinction and endogenous salivary cortisol activity in participants with high PTSS (n=18), trauma-exposed controls (n=33), and non-trauma-exposed controls (n=27)...
January 16, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131947/cumulative-childhood-maltreatment-and-its-dose-response-relation-with-adult-symptomatology-findings-in-a-sample-of-adult-survivors-of-sexual-abuse
#7
Iris M Steine, Dagfinn Winje, John H Krystal, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Anne Marita Milde, Janne Grønli, Inger Hilde Nordhus, Ståle Pallesen
In the present study, we examined the role of cumulative childhood maltreatment experiences for several health related outcomes in adulthood, including symptoms of psychological distress as well as perceived social support and hardiness. The sample comprised adult survivors of sexual abuse (N=278, 95.3% women, mean age at first abusive incident=6.4 years). One-way ANOVAs revealed a statistically significant dose-response relation between cumulative childhood maltreatment scores and self-reported symptoms of posttraumatic stress (PTSS), anxiety, depression, eating disorders, dissociation, insomnia, nightmare related distress, physical pain, emotional pain, relational problems, self-harm behaviors as well as on a measure of symptom complexity...
January 26, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127780/effects-of-combined-exposure-to-metals-solvents-and-noise-on-permanent-threshold-shifts
#8
Nicholas Schaal, Jeremy Slagley, Majed Zreiqat, Helmut Paschold
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest metal and solvent exposure may damage hearing. This study evaluated the association between exposures classified as high for metals, solvents, and noise on permanent threshold shift (PTS) development. METHODS: A total of 1,546 personnel at an industrial shipyard were divided into five exposure groups based on level of concentration: high noise, high metals/solvents, high metals/noise, high metals/solvents/noise, and a low metals/solvents/noise reference group...
January 27, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124224/a-follow-up-study-from-a-multisite-randomized-controlled-trial-for-traumatized-children-receiving-tf-cbt
#9
Tine K Jensen, Tonje Holt, Silje M Ormhaug
Trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) is the treatment of choice for traumatized youth, however, follow-up studies are scarce, and treatment effects for co-occurring depression show mixed findings. The aims of this study were to examine whether treatment effects of TF-CBT are maintained at 18 month follow-up and whether degree of co-occurring depression influences treatment effects. As rapid improvement in psychological functioning is warranted for youth, we also investigated whether the symptom trajectory was different for TF-CBT compared to therapy as usual (TAU)...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109728/the-utility-of-hair-cortisol-concentrations-in-the-prediction-of-ptsd-symptoms-following-traumatic-physical-injury
#10
Maria L Pacella, Bryce Hruska, Susann Steudte-Schmiedgen, Richard L George, Douglas L Delahanty
RATIONALE: Although cortisol alterations have been associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and PTSD symptoms (PTSS), the direction of association is mixed. Cortisol which is measured in blood, saliva, or urine is subject to transient factors that may confound results. Recent advances in cortisol sampling techniques provide novel opportunities to address these inconsistencies. Hair cortisol sampling is a non-invasive method for the retrospective assessment of long-term integrated cortisol, yet its utility at predicting PTSS has not been assessed in acute injury victims...
January 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103399/for-whom-does-time-heal-wounds-individual-differences-in-stability-and-change-in-posttraumatic-stress-after-the-2011-oslo-bombing
#11
Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland, Marianne Bang Hansen, Ines Blix, Øivind Solberg, Trond Heir
Prospective studies describing and predicting individual differences in the course of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) after disasters are scarce. The present study aimed to describe and predict individual differences in both the level and the rate of change in PTSS after the 2011 Oslo bombing, a terrorist attack directed at the Norwegian government. Survey data from ministerial employees (N = 256) were collected 10, 22, and 34 months after the bombing. We used latent growth modeling to examine the development of PTSS, and to identify the strength of predictor variables...
February 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078658/the-past-does-matter-a-nursing-perspective-on-post-traumatic-slave-syndrome-ptss
#12
Ejim Sule, Ryan M Sutton, Debbie Jones, Ramel Moore, Imaculata Igbo, Lovell A Jones
Few have reviewed the impact of post traumatic slave syndrome (PTSS) on the issues of inequities, especially as it pertains to mental and physical health. Furthermore, the impact of PTSS on the social determinants of health is an area that has been researched by few investigators. The possibilities that the impact of slavery and/or major stress events in the life of a population can become trans-generational are lost to history. Think about what is taking place in cities around the country and then think about racist socialization (internalized racism) and its impact on our society...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049104/international-development-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-child-and-adolescent-trauma-screen-cats
#13
Cedric Sachser, Lucy Berliner, Tonje Holt, Tine K Jensen, Nathaniel Jungbluth, Elizabeth Risch, Rita Rosner, Lutz Goldbeck
BACKGROUND: Systematic screening is a powerful means by which children and adolescents with posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) can be detected. Reliable and valid measures based on current diagnostic criteria are needed. AIM: To investigate the internal consistency and construct validity of the Child and Adolescent Trauma Screen (CATS) in three samples of trauma-exposed children in the US (self-reports: n=249; caregiver reports: n=267; pre-school n=190), in Germany (self-reports: n=117; caregiver reports: n=95) and in Norway (self-reports: n=109; caregiver reports: n=62)...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041823/changes-in-levels-of-parental-distress-after-their-child-with-atypical-genitalia-undergoes-genitoplasty
#14
Cortney Wolfe-Christensen, Amy B Wisniewski, Alexandria J Mullins, Kristy J Reyes, Paul Austin, Laurence Baskin, Kerlly Bernabé, Earl Cheng, Allyson Fried, Dominic Frimberger, Denise Galan, Lynette Gonzalez, Saul Greenfield, Thomas Kolon, Bradley Kropp, Yegappan Lakshmanan, Sabrina Meyer, Theresa Meyer, Natalie J Nokoff, Blake Palmer, Dix Poppas, Alethea Paradis, Elizabeth Yerkes, Larry L Mullins
BACKGROUND: The birth of a child with a disorder of sex development (DSD) and atypical genitalia can be traumatizing and isolating for families. Parents of children with DSD are at risk for increased levels of psychological distress, including depression, anxiety, illness uncertainty (IU), post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), and impairments in quality of life (QOL). Our previous report indicated that although the majority of parents of children with atypical genitalia were coping well prior to the child's genitoplasty, approximately 25% of them reported experiencing some type of psychological distress...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995956/nanofocusing-of-the-free-space-optical-energy-with-plasmonic-tamm-states
#15
Linyu Niu, Yinxiao Xiang, Weiwei Luo, Wei Cai, Jiwei Qi, Xinzheng Zhang, Jingjun Xu
To achieve extreme electromagnetic enhancement, we propose a plasmonic Tamm states (PTSs) configuration based on the metal-insulator-metal Bragg reflector, which is realized by periodically modulating the width of the insulator. Both the thick (2D) and thin (3D) structures are discussed. Through optimization performed by the impedance-based transfer matrix method and the finite difference time domain method, we find that both the electric field and magnetic field intensities can be increased by three orders of magnitude...
December 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966022/prevalence-and-predictors-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-parents-of-children-with-ongoing-treatment-for-cancer-in-south-china-a-multi-centered-cross-sectional-study
#16
Lei Shi, Yulin Gao, Jiubo Zhao, Ruiqing Cai, Ping Zhang, Yanqun Hu, Zhiying Li, Yajie Li
PURPOSE: Parents of children with ongoing cancer treatment are exposed to risks of developing posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), but little is known about the prevalence and predictors of PTSS among Chinese parents of children with cancer. This study aimed to examine the predictors of PTSS, and explored the correlation of depression, resilience, and family functions with severe PTSS. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was conducted from May 2014 to September 2015 among the parents of cancer children treated in four general hospitals in South China...
December 13, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939648/clinically-speaking-psychological-abuse-matters
#17
Rita Começanha, Miguel Basto-Pereira, Ângela Maia
BACKGROUND: The adverse effects of intimate partner violence (IPV) on mental health are well-established, except in the cases of psychological abuse and men's victimization. This research study examines the prevalence and the independent contribution of psychological IPV on mental health for both genders. METHODS: The initial sample comprises 661 college students from a Portuguese public university, who completed an e-survey. Statistical analysis focused on a subsample (n=364), 23% of which were men, after removing cases of physical and/or sexual abuse...
December 1, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936852/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-the-risk-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-among-mothers-of-children-diagnosed-with-cancer-and-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Leilani Greening, Laura Stoppelbein, Kara Cheek
OBJECTIVE: Research findings have indicated that mothers of children diagnosed with life-threatening illnesses can be at risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms (PTSS), with African American mothers being especially vulnerable because of evidence suggesting higher rates of PTSD among both African Americans and women. Race/ethnicity, past trauma exposure and the interaction of these variables were evaluated as risk factors for PTSS, depression, and state and trait anxiety among African American and Caucasian mothers of chronically ill children...
December 12, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933610/resilience-mediates-impact-of-some-childhood-maltreatment-on-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-conscripted-marines-in-the-republic-of-korea
#19
Heejung Kim, Sun Ah Kim, Seongsook Kong
Although it is known that post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) can result from military service, the variance in PTSS unexplained by military service warrants further investigation, and no researchers have investigated South Korean Marines' vulnerability during their 2-year conscripted service as the first line of national defense against threats from North Korea. This study was designed to examine whether resilience mediated the relationship between childhood maltreatment and PTSS in 169 Korean conscripts into the Marine Corps...
February 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930959/social-support-negative-maltreatment-related-cognitions-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-children-and-adolescents
#20
A Münzer, H G Ganser, L Goldbeck
Social support by family, friends and significant others is known to buffer the impact of adverse life events on children's well-being and functioning, however little is known about pathways explaining this association. We investigated whether maltreatment-related cognitions mediate the association between social support and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Furthermore, age was introduced as moderator. We assessed the history of maltreatment in 200 maltreated children and adolescents (age 8-17 years) using a semi-structured interview...
January 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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