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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740765/lipoabdominoplasty-with-progressive-traction-sutures
#1
Javier Vera Cucchiaro, Horacio Lostia, Patricia Velazquez, Elizabeth Liska
BACKGROUND: Proactively preserving Scarpa's fascia and thus its intrinsic lymphatic drainage and tensile strength for suture placement can eliminate the need for drains after lipoabdominoplasty and therefore reduce the rate of seroma development. In this article, we describe the effectiveness of a modified progressive traction suture (PTS) technique, which enables us to lessen the most common complications and avoid hospital readmission; these sutures take 3-5 minutes of additional surgery time...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724525/trim37-a-novel-e3-ligase-for-pex5-mediated-peroxisomal-matrix-protein-import
#2
Wei Wang, Zhi-Jie Xia, Jean-Claude Farré, Suresh Subramani
Most proteins destined for the peroxisomal matrix depend on the peroxisomal targeting signals (PTSs), which require the PTS receptor PEX5, whose deficiency causes fatal human peroxisomal biogenesis disorders (PBDs). TRIM37 gene mutations cause muscle-liver-brain-eye (mulibrey) nanism. We found that TRIM37 localizes in peroxisomal membranes and ubiquitylates PEX5 at K464 by interacting with its C-terminal 51 amino acids (CT51), which is required for PTS protein import. PEX5 mutations (K464A or ΔCT51), or TRIM37 depletion or mutation, reduce PEX5 abundance by promoting its proteasomal degradation, thereby impairing its functions in cargo binding and PTS protein import in human cells...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699663/posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-alcohol-related-outcomes-among-municipal-firefighters
#3
Joe Tomaka, Dejan Magoc, Stormy M Morales-Monks, Anabel C Reyes
This study examined levels of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and relationships between PTSS and alcohol-related outcomes in a near census of municipal firefighters. The study also assessed substance-use coping and drinking to cope as potential mediators of such outcomes. Firefighters (N = 740) completed measures that assessed PTSS, alcohol risk behaviors, alcohol problems, drinking motives, and coping with stress. Results showed that 32.4% of firefighters reported significant levels of PTSS using National Center for PTSD (2014) screening cutoff scores...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697628/high-dose-alcohol-consumption-predicts-less-reduction-in-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-after-a-campus-mass-shooting
#4
Jacob B Holzman, David P Valentiner, Susan M Hannan, Douglas G Wallace, Holly K Orcutt
BACKGROUND: Recognizing that alcohol might affect subsequent processing of trauma-related information, this study examined whether high dose alcohol consumption (HDAC) following a campus mass shooting affected the relation between shooting exposure and post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). METHODS: Female participants (N = 691) recorded levels of physical exposure to the shooting event, alcohol use, and PTSS 1 month following the shooting event and 8 months later...
July 11, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696563/secondary-traumatization-and-differentiation-among-the-wives-of-former-pows-a-reciprocal-association
#5
Yael Lahav, Yafit Levin, Moshe Bensimon, Yaniv Kanat-Maymon, Zahava Solomon
Repercussions of war captivity may transmit to spouses of former prisoners of war (POW) via posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Overidentification with their partners underlies the PTSS experienced by former wives of POWs, thus implying impaired self-differentiation. Although wives' indirect exposure to their husbands' captivity and subsequent PTSS has been associated with the wives' PTSS and differentiation, the combined effects remain unclear. Furthermore, previous cross-sectional studies could not illuminate directionality...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667938/altered-stress-system-reactivity-after-pediatric-injury-relation-with-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms
#6
Linda Ewing-Cobbs, Mary R Prasad, Charles S Cox, Douglas A Granger, Gerardo Duque, Paul R Swank
Injury is the leading cause of death and disability in childhood. Injured children are at high risk for developing alterations in stress response systems and post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) that may compromise long-term physical and psychological health. In a prospective, observational cohort study, we examined individual differences in, and correlates of, stress-reactivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA; salivary cortisol) and autonomic nervous system (ANS; salivary alpha amylase, sAA) following pediatric injury...
June 10, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654849/factors-associated-with-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-ptss-4-6-weeks-and-6-months-after-birth-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#7
Pelin Dikmen-Yildiz, Susan Ayers, Louise Phillips
BACKGROUND: Identifying factors that precipitate and maintain post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) after birth is important to inform clinical and research practice; yet, prospective longitudinal studies on the predictors of PTSS are limited. This study aimed to determine the pregnancy and postpartum factors associated with PTSS at 4-6 weeks and 6-months postpartum. METHOD: A systematic sample of 950 pregnant women were recruited from three maternity hospitals in Turkey...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652862/dysfunctional-maltreatment-related-cognitions-in-children-and-adolescents
#8
Anke de Haan, Helene G Ganser, Annika Münzer, Andreas Witt, Lutz Goldbeck
BACKGROUND: Dysfunctional trauma-related cognitions correlate highly with chronic stress. Studies on maltreatment-related cognitions and their predictors in children and adolescents are rare. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 231 children aged 8-17 years who had experienced maltreatment including domestic violence, emotional abuse, neglect, physical, and sexual abuse. Using multiple linear regression analysis, gender, age, index-event, multi-type maltreatment, out-of-home-care, and migration background were investigated as possible predictors of dysfunctional maltreatment-related cognitions...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650199/an-initial-application-of-a-biopsychosocial-framework-to-predict-posttraumatic-stress-following-pediatric-injury
#9
Meghan L Marsac, Nancy Kassam-Adams, Douglas L Delahanty, Jeffrey Ciesla, Danielle Weiss, Keith F Widaman, Lamia P Barakat
OBJECTIVE: Each year millions of children suffer from unintentional injuries that result in poor emotional and physical health. This study examined selected biopsychosocial factors (i.e., child heart rate, peritrauma appraisals, early coping, trauma history) to elucidate their roles in promoting emotional recovery following injury. The study evaluated specific hypotheses that threat appraisals (global and trauma-specific) and coping would predict subsequent posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), that coping would mediate the association between early and later PTSS, and that heart rate would predict PTSS and appraisals would mediate this association...
June 26, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644538/protective-factors-coping-appraisals-and-social-barriers-predict-mental-health-following-community-violence-a-prospective-test-of-social-cognitive-theory
#10
Andrew J Smith, Erika D Felix, Charles C Benight, Russell T Jones
This study tested social cognitive theory of posttraumatic adaptation in the context of mass violence, hypothesizing that pre-event protective factors (general self-efficacy and perceived social support) would reduce posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and depression severity through boosting post-event coping self-efficacy appraisals (mediator). We qualified hypotheses by predicting that post-event social support barriers would disrupt (moderate) the health-promoting indirect effects of pre-event protective factors...
June 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622816/the-association-between-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-depression-and-length-of-hospital-stay-following-traumatic-injury
#11
Erin Sullivan, Jordin Shelley, Evan Rainey, Monica Bennett, Purvi Prajapati, Mark B Powers, Michael Foreman, Ann Marie Warren
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the relationship between posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and depression symptoms with hospital outcome measures to explore how psychiatric factors relate to hospital length of stay (LOS). METHOD: Participants were adults admitted to a large Level I Trauma Center for longer than 24h. Depression was assessed at hospitalization using the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-8), and PTSS was measured by the Primary Care PTSD Screen (PC-PTSD)...
May 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620875/predictors-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-maltreated-children-and-adolescents
#12
Sabine Weber, Andreas Jud, Markus A Landolt, Lutz Goldbeck
PURPOSE: Research on the consequences of child maltreatment has primarily focused on behavior and mental health; the children's overall well-being has not received the same attention. A number of studies have investigated health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among victims of child maltreatment, but there is still a lack of knowledge about predictors of HRQoL in maltreated children and adolescents. This study seeks to bridge the gap by drawing data from the German multi-site study Child Abuse and Neglect Case-Management (CANMANAGE)...
June 15, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617143/does-ethno-cultural-betrayal-in-trauma-affect-asian-american-pacific-islander-college-students-mental-health-outcomes-an-exploratory-study
#13
Jennifer M Gómez
OBJECTIVES: Interpersonal trauma has deleterious effects on mental health (1) , with college students experiencing relatively high rates of lifetime trauma (2) . Asian American/Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) have the lowest rate of mental health care utilization (4) . According to cultural betrayal trauma theory (CBTT) (9, 10, 11) , societal inequality may impact within-group violence in minority populations, thus having implications for mental health. In the current exploratory study, between-group (interracial) and within-group (ethno-cultural betrayal) trauma and mental health outcomes were examined in AAPI college students...
June 15, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594203/predictors-of-posttraumatic-growth-10-11-months-after-a-fatal-earthquake
#14
Robin Achterhof, Martin J Dorahy, Amy Rowlands, Charlotte Renouf, Eileen Britt, Janet D Carter
Posttraumatic growth (PTG) is a commonly observed phenomenon in the wake of a distressing event, capturing potentially beneficial effects for posttraumatic adaptation. However, it is not entirely clear what factors are essential for the development of PTG, especially after natural disasters. Most importantly, it is uncertain what type of relationship exists between posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and PTG. As yet, there is also no consensus on whether PTG can best be seen as a process outcome or as a coping mechanism...
June 8, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585746/randomized-clinical-trial-investigating-the-effects-of-an-anxiety-sensitivity-intervention-on-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-a-replication-and-extension
#15
Nicole A Short, Joseph W Boffa, Aaron M Norr, Brian J Albanese, Nicholas P Allan, Norman B Schmidt
A growing body of research suggests the importance of anxiety sensitivity (AS) in the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Specifically, AS cognitive concerns (fears of cognitive dyscontrol) may be particularly relevant for those with elevated PTSS. Preliminary research has suggested that interventions targeting AS may be beneficial in decreasing PTSS, but to date there has been no randomized controlled trial testing the direct and indirect effects of an AS cognitive concerns intervention among a clinical sample of trauma-exposed individuals...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562627/unconditional-government-cash-transfers-in-support-of-orphaned-and-vulnerable-adolescents-in-western-kenya-is-there-an-association-with-psychological-wellbeing
#16
Sylvia Shangani, Don Operario, Becky Genberg, Kipruto Kirwa, Miriam Midoun, Lukoye Atwoli, David Ayuku, Omar Galárraga, Paula Braitstein
BACKGROUND: Orphaned and vulnerable adolescents (OVA) in sub-Saharan Africa are at greater risk for adverse psychological outcomes compared with their non-OVA counterparts. Social interventions that provide cash transfers (CTs) have been shown to improve health outcomes among young people, but little is known about their impact on the psychological wellbeing of OVA. OBJECTIVE: Among OVA in western Kenya, we assessed the association between living in a household that received monthly unconditional government CTs and psychological wellbeing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560605/social-support-stress-coping-strategies-resilience-and-posttraumatic-growth-in-a-polish-sample-of-hiv-infected-individuals-results-of-a-1%C3%A2-year-longitudinal-study
#17
Marcin Rzeszutek, Włodzimierz Oniszczenko, Ewa Firląg-Burkacka
This study investigated the level of posttraumatic growth (PTG) and its association with the level of social support, stress coping strategies and resilience among a people living with HIV (PLWH) in a 1 year longitudinal study. We also controlled for age, HIV infection duration and the presence of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). From the 290 participants, initially eligible for the study, 110 patients were recruited for the first assessment and 73 patients participated in a follow-up assessment. Participants filled out following psychometric tools: the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI), the Berlin Social Support Scales (BSSS), the Mini-COPE Inventory, the Resiliency Assessment Scale (SPP-25) and the PTSD-F questionnaire...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559457/violent-injury-predicts-poor-psychological-outcomes-after-traumatic-injury-in-a-hard-to-reach-population-an-observational-cohort-study
#18
Emmylou Rahtz, Kamaldeep Bhui, Melanie Smuk, Iain Hutchison, Ania Korszun
BACKGROUND: People who experience physical trauma face a range of psychosocial outcomes. These may be overlooked by busy clinicians. While some risk factors are understood, understanding of the psychological effects of violent injury remains limited, particularly in UK settings. This study compared psychological outcomes following interpersonal violence and accidental injury, including the persistence of psychological distress. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was carried out at two time points of patients admitted to a large teaching hospital in London between July 2012 and April 2014...
May 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556275/physical-injury-and-somatic-complaints-the-mediating-role-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-young-survivors-of-a-terror-attack
#19
Ingrid Bugge, Grete Dyb, Synne Øien Stensland, Øivind Ekeberg, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Trond H Diseth
Physically injured trauma survivors have particularly high risk for later somatic complaints and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). However, the potential mediating role of PTSS linking injury to later somatic complaints has been poorly investigated. In this study, survivors (N = 255) were interviewed longitudinally at 2 timepoints after the terror attack on Utøya Island, Norway, in 2011. Assessments included injury sustained during the attack, PTSS (after 4-5 months), somatic complaints (after 14-15 months), and background factors...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555662/event-centrality-as-a-unique-predictor-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-perceived-disability-following-spinal-cord-injury
#20
A Boals, Z Trost, D Berntsen, L Nowlin, T Wheelis, K R Monden
STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study involving completion of self-report measures. OBJECTIVES: Individuals who acquire a spinal cord injury (SCI) face numerous physical and psychological challenges, with the former receiving considerable less attention during the rehabilitation process. In this article, we examined event centrality as a unique predictor of psychological outcomes in a sample of individuals receiving rehabilitation for SCI. Event centrality refers to the extent to which individuals construe a stressful experience as a core part of their identity...
May 30, 2017: Spinal Cord
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