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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333491/standing-on-shaky-ground-dyadic-and-longitudinal-associations-between-posttraumatic-stress-and-relationship-quality-postearthquake
#1
Emma M Marshall, Roeline G Kuijer, Jeffry A Simpson, Ohad Szepsenwol
In the current study, we took a unique dyadic approach to examine how people's relationship quality following an earthquake was associated with their and their partner's posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and whether support exchanges in the relationship protected relationship quality in the face of this adversity. Ninety-nine heterosexual couples were studied over 4 time points for approximately 15 months following the Canterbury, New Zealand, earthquakes. The data were analyzed using moderated growth-curve modeling in an Actor-Partner Interdependence Model framework...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327414/posttraumatic-symptom-profiles-among-adult-survivors-of-childhood-sexual-abuse-a-longitudinal-study
#2
Iris M Steine, Dagfinn Winje, Jens Christoffer Skogen, John H Krystal, Anne Marita Milde, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Inger Hilde Nordhus, Janne Grønli, Ståle Pallesen
In the present study, our aim was to examine longitudinal posttraumatic stress symptom (PTSS) trajectories in a Norwegian sample of adults who had experienced sexual abuse during childhood, and to identify predictors of PTSS-trajectory belongingness. The sample consisted of 138 adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse (96.4% women, mean age=42.9years, mean age at the first abuse=5.9 years), recruited from support centers for sexual abuse survivors. The majority (78.3%) reported penetrative abuse, and a large proportion of the sample reported that the perpetrator was a biological parent (38...
March 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326027/accessible-neurobehavioral-anger-related-markers-for-vulnerability-to-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-a-population-of-male-soldiers
#3
Tamar Lin, Gadi Gilam, Gal Raz, Ayelet Or-Borichev, Yair Bar-Haim, Eyal Fruchter, Talma Hendler
Identifying vulnerable individuals prone to develop post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) is of paramount importance, especially in populations at high risk for stress exposure such as combat soldiers. While several neural and psychological risk factors are known, no post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) biomarker has yet progressed to clinical use. Here we present novel and clinically applicable anger-related neurobehavioral risk markers for military-related PTSS in a large cohort of Israeli soldiers. The psychological, electrophysiological and neural (Simultaneous recording of scalp electroencephalography [EEG] and functional magnetic resonance imaging [fMRI]) reaction to an anger-inducing film were measured prior to advanced military training and PTSS were recorded at 1-year follow-up...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322068/greater-avoidance-behavior-in-individuals-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms
#4
Jony Sheynin, Christine Shind, Milen Radell, Yasheca Ebanks-Williams, Mark W Gilbertson, Kevin D Beck, Catherine E Myers
While avoidance is a core symptom of PTSD, little is known about whether individuals with PTSD show a general cognitive bias to acquire and express avoidance, in situations not related to trauma or fear. Here, we used a computer-based task to examine operant acquisition and extinction of avoidance in participants with and without severe self-reported PTSD symptoms. A total of 119 participants (77 male, 42 female; 74 veteran, 45 civilian) with symptoms (PTSS; n = 63) or with few/no symptoms (noPTSS; n = 56) performed a task, in which they controlled a spaceship and could shoot a target to gain points or hide in "safe areas" to escape or avoid on-screen aversive events...
March 21, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316248/assessing-the-impact-of-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-on-resting-state-function-networks-in-a-military-chronic-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-sample
#5
Dominic E Nathan, Julie F Bellgowan, Louis M French, Jonathan P Wolf, Terry Oakes, Jeannine B Mielke, Elyssa B Sham, Wei Liu, Gerard Riedy
The relationship between post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and chronic symptoms of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is difficult to discern and poorly understood. An accurate differential diagnosis, assessment and treatment of mTBI and PTSD is challenging due to significant symptom overlap and the absence of clearly established biomarkers. The objective of this work is to examine how post traumatic stress influences task-free brain networks in chronic mTBI subjects. Control subjects (N=44) were compared with chronic mTBI subjects with low (N=58, PCLC total<30), medium (N=124, PCLC total = 31-49) and high (N=105, PCLC total ≥ 60) post traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS)...
March 19, 2017: Brain Connectivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300764/predictors-of-posttraumatic-stress-and-posttraumatic-growth-in-childhood-cancer-survivors
#6
Veronika Koutná, Martin Jelínek, Marek Blatný, Tomáš Kepák
This longitudinal study aims to analyze predictors of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) among gender, age, objective factors of the disease and its treatment, family environment factors and negative emotionality. The sample consisted of 97 childhood cancer survivors (50 girls and 47 boys) aged 11-25 years who were in remission 1.7 to seven years at T1 and four to 12.5 years at T2. Survivors completed a set of questionnaires including the Benefit Finding Scale for Children and the University of California at Los Angeles Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Index...
March 16, 2017: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293983/trajectories-and-risk-factors-for-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-following-pediatric-concussion
#7
Katherine Truss, Celia Godfrey, Michael Takagi, Franz Babl, Silvia Bressan, Stephen J C Hearps, Cathriona Clarke, Kevin Dunne, Vicki Anderson
A substantial minority of children experience posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) following injury. Research indicates variation in the trajectory of PTSS following pediatric injury, but investigation of PTSS following concussion has assumed homogeneity. This study aimed to identify differential trajectories of PTSS following pediatric concussion and to investigate risk-factors, including acute post-concussive symptoms (PCS), associated with these trajectories. 120 children aged 8-18 years reported PTSS for 3 months following concussion diagnosis using the Child PTSD Symptom Scale, with a score of 16 or above indicating probable PTSD diagnosis...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274137/post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-pathological-gambling-potential-evidence-of-anti-reward-processes
#8
Cheryl L Green, Ramzi W Nahhas, Arielle A Scoglio, Igor Elman
Background Excessive gambling is considered to be a part of the addiction spectrum. Stress-like emotional states are a key feature both of pathological gambling (PG) and of substance addiction. In substance addiction, stress symptomatology has been attributed in part to "anti-reward" allostatic neuroadaptations, while a potential involvement of anti-reward processes in the course of PG has not yet been investigated. Methods To that end, individuals with PG (n = 22) and mentally healthy subjects (n = 13) were assessed for trauma exposure and post-traumatic stress symptomatology (PTSS) using the Life Events Checklist and the Civilian Mississippi Scale, respectively...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243582/medically-related-post-traumatic-stress-in-children-and-adolescents-with-congenital-heart-defects
#9
REVIEW
Maya G Meentken, Ingrid M van Beynum, Jeroen S Legerstee, Willem A Helbing, Elisabeth M W J Utens
Children and adolescents with a congenital heart defect (ConHD) frequently undergo painful or frightening medical procedures and hospitalizations. They often need multiple invasive procedures at a very young age and require regular checkups during their entire life. From other pediatric populations, it is known that these kinds of experiences can result in acute stress reactions and even in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the long-term. PTSD and also subthreshold PTSD can lead to serious (psychosocial) impairment...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230736/measuring-experiential-avoidance-evidence-toward-multidimensional-predictors-of-trauma-sequelae
#10
Meaghan Lewis, Amy Naugle
The current study sought to investigate measurement discrepancies in self-report assessment of experiential avoidance (EA). Recent research indicates that EA may be more appropriately conceptualized as a multidimensional construct, operationally defined in terms of specific avoidance strategies. To test this notion, EA was measured using two self-report assessment instruments, the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II) and the Multidimensional Experiential Avoidance Questionnaire (MEAQ) in a convenience sample of university students...
February 20, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223059/fear-of-future-terrorism-associated-psychiatric-burden
#11
T Abiola, O Udofia, T L Sheikh, D A Yusuf
BACKGROUND: The mental health burden from fear of future terrorism has not been given much research attention compared to the immediate mental distress such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Such neglected ongoing mental health morbidity associated with threats of terrorism had been described as pre-traumatic stress syndrome (PTSS). OBJECTIVE: The study highlighted this phenomenon (PTSS) in Nigeria by examining the catastrophic burden of the fear of future terrorism and associated psychiatric burden among adult population in Kaduna city...
February 4, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206786/posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-marital-adjustment-among-israeli-combat-veterans-the-role-of-loneliness-and-attachment
#12
Liat Itzhaky, Jacob Y Stein, Yafit Levin, Zahava Solomon
OBJECTIVE: War trauma may foster ramifications for marital relationships. Veterans may feel that no one can understand them and thus impact their relationships. The current study aims to shed light on the role that posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), loneliness, and attachment orientations may play in marital adjustment among combat veterans. METHOD: Participants were 504 veterans who served in the Lebanon War in 1982. RESULTS: Analysis revealed that higher PTSS levels were related to lower marital adjustment and that the indirect path of this relation through loneliness was significant...
February 16, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162161/-effect-of-dexmedetomidine-alone-for-postoperative-analgesia-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#13
X H Chen, Z J Wang, Q M Xiang, J W Zheng
Objective: To investigate the effect of dexmedetomidine alone for postoperative analgesia after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: Forty patients scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy in First Hospital of Ninghai County, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) gradeⅠor Ⅱ, were randomly divided into dexmedetomidine group (Group D, n=20) and fentanyl group (Group F, n=20). The patient controlled analgesia (PCA) pumps were used after the operation. In the group D, the intravenous PCA protocol was dexmedetomidine 0...
January 24, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161885/victimization-from-workplace-bullying-after-a-traumatic-event-time-lagged-relationships-with-symptoms-of-posttraumatic-stress
#14
Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland, Marianne Bang Hansen, Stein Knardahl, Trond Heir
OBJECTIVE: This study examined relationships between victimization from bullying and symptoms of posttraumatic stress (PTSS) after exposure to a terror attack at the workplace. It was hypothesized that (1) victims of bullying report higher and more stable levels of PTSS over time compared to their non-bullied colleagues and (2) that PTSS provides an increased risk of subsequent victimization from bullying. METHODS: The hypotheses were tested in a two-wave prospective sample comprising 2337 employees from Norwegian governmental ministries who were exposed to the 2011 Oslo terror attack...
February 4, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154810/genome-wide-transcriptional-start-site-mapping-and-srna-identification-in-the-pathogen-leptospira-interrogans
#15
Anna Zhukova, Luis Guilherme Fernandes, Perrine Hugon, Christopher J Pappas, Odile Sismeiro, Jean-Yves Coppée, Christophe Becavin, Christophe Malabat, Azad Eshghi, Jun-Jie Zhang, Frank X Yang, Mathieu Picardeau
Leptospira are emerging zoonotic pathogens transmitted from animals to humans typically through contaminated environmental sources of water and soil. Regulatory pathways of pathogenic Leptospira spp. underlying the adaptive response to different hosts and environmental conditions remains elusive. In this study, we provide the first global Transcriptional Start Site (TSS) map of a Leptospira species. RNA was obtained from the pathogen Leptospira interrogans grown at 30°C (optimal in vitro temperature) and 37°C (host temperature) and selectively enriched for 5' ends of native transcripts...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151832/the-relationships-among-symptom-distress-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-depression-in-patients-with-female-specific-cancers
#16
Hong-Yi Tung, Yu-Hua Lin, Chia-Chan Kao, Shu-Fen Wu
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) affect women with breast cancer. However, few studies have explored the relationships among PTSS, symptom distress, and depression in association with cancers specific to women in Taiwan. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the relationships among symptom distress, PTSS, and depression in women given a diagnosis of female-specific cancers. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used, and 220 women given a diagnosis of female-specific cancer were recruited from a general hospital in southern Taiwan...
February 2, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135580/endogenous-cortisol-reactivity-moderates-the-relationship-between-fear-inhibition-to-safety-signals-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms
#17
Daniel V Zuj, Matthew A Palmer, Gin S Malhi, Richard A Bryant, Kim L Felmingham
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) are commonly associated with impairments in extinguishing fear to signals previously associated with danger, and also with inhibiting fear to safety signals. Previous studies indicate that PTSS are associated with low cortisol activity, and cortisol is shown to facilitate fear extinction. Few studies have examined the influence of cortisol reactivity on fear extinction in PTSS. METHOD: We used a standardized fear conditioning and extinction paradigm to investigate the relationship between fear extinction and endogenous salivary cortisol activity in participants with high PTSS (n=18), trauma-exposed controls (n=33), and non-trauma-exposed controls (n=27)...
January 16, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131947/cumulative-childhood-maltreatment-and-its-dose-response-relation-with-adult-symptomatology-findings-in-a-sample-of-adult-survivors-of-sexual-abuse
#18
Iris M Steine, Dagfinn Winje, John H Krystal, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Anne Marita Milde, Janne Grønli, Inger Hilde Nordhus, Ståle Pallesen
In the present study, we examined the role of cumulative childhood maltreatment experiences for several health related outcomes in adulthood, including symptoms of psychological distress as well as perceived social support and hardiness. The sample comprised adult survivors of sexual abuse (N=278, 95.3% women, mean age at first abusive incident=6.4 years). One-way ANOVAs revealed a statistically significant dose-response relation between cumulative childhood maltreatment scores and self-reported symptoms of posttraumatic stress (PTSS), anxiety, depression, eating disorders, dissociation, insomnia, nightmare related distress, physical pain, emotional pain, relational problems, self-harm behaviors as well as on a measure of symptom complexity...
March 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127780/effects-of-combined-exposure-to-metals-solvents-and-noise-on-permanent-threshold-shifts
#19
Nicholas Schaal, Jeremy Slagley, Majed Zreiqat, Helmut Paschold
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest metal and solvent exposure may damage hearing. This study evaluated the association between exposures classified as high for metals, solvents, and noise on permanent threshold shift (PTS) development. METHODS: A total of 1,546 personnel at an industrial shipyard were divided into five exposure groups based on level of concentration: high noise, high metals/solvents, high metals/noise, high metals/solvents/noise, and a low metals/solvents/noise reference group...
January 27, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124224/a-follow-up-study-from-a-multisite-randomized-controlled-trial-for-traumatized-children-receiving-tf-cbt
#20
Tine K Jensen, Tonje Holt, Silje M Ormhaug
Trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) is the treatment of choice for traumatized youth, however, follow-up studies are scarce, and treatment effects for co-occurring depression show mixed findings. The aims of this study were to examine whether treatment effects of TF-CBT are maintained at 18 month follow-up and whether degree of co-occurring depression influences treatment effects. As rapid improvement in psychological functioning is warranted for youth, we also investigated whether the symptom trajectory was different for TF-CBT compared to therapy as usual (TAU)...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
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