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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154595/predictors-of-somatic-symptom-severity-the-role-of-cumulative-history-of-trauma-and-adversity-in-a-diverse-community-sample
#1
Tamra Burns Loeb, Nataria T Joseph, Gail E Wyatt, Muyu Zhang, Dorothy Chin, April Thames, Yvorn Aswad
OBJECTIVE: Somatic symptoms are often reported among victims of trauma, and place a significant burden on primary care health providers. We examined the relationship between lifetime histories of trauma and adversity, including aspects not previously studied (i.e., perceived discrimination), and somatic symptoms, as well as the mediating role of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and depressive symptoms. METHOD: A multiethnic community sample of 500 male and female participants (230 African American and 270 Latino) completed measures of demographic characteristics, the University of California, Los Angeles Lifetime Adversities Screener (LADS), depressive symptoms, PTSS, and somatic symptoms...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131408/parent-and-child-trauma-symptoms-during-child-parent-psychotherapy-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-dyadic-change
#2
Melissa J Hagan, Dillon T Browne, Michael Sulik, Chandra Ghosh Ippen, Nicole Bush, Alicia F Lieberman
Five randomized controlled trials have shown that child-parent psychotherapy (CPP) improves trauma symptoms in children. Less is known about parent symptoms or moderators of symptom change. In a sample of 199 parent (81% biological mother; 54% Latina/o) and child (aged 2 to 6 years; 52% male; 49% Latina/o) dyads who participated in an open treatment study of CPP, this study investigated whether parent and child symptoms similarly decreased during treatment and whether improvement was moderated by parent, child, and treatment characteristics...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121983/early-psychological-screening-of-intensive-care-unit-survivors-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Anna Milton, Emily Brück, Anna Schandl, Matteo Bottai, Peter Sackey
BACKGROUND: A majority of patients survive their episode of critical illness but up to 30% of patients suffer from psychological problems such as post-traumatic stress, anxiety and depression in the year after intensive care unit (ICU) stay. A method to identify discharged patients at risk for adverse psychological outcome would be helpful in the triage for ICU follow-up and could enable early intervention. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether early screening with validated questionnaires after ICU discharge can identify patients at risk for symptoms of post-traumatic stress, anxiety and depression 3 months after ICU stay...
November 9, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105124/a-controlled-early-group-intervention-study-for-unaccompanied-minors-can-expressive-arts-alleviate-symptoms-of-trauma-and-enhance-life-satisfaction
#4
Melinda A Meyer DeMott, Marianne Jakobsen, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Trond Heir
This is the first controlled study of an expressive arts group intervention with unaccompanied minor asylum seeking children. The aim of the study was to examine whether such an intervention may alleviate symptoms of trauma and enhance life satisfaction and hope. One hundred forty five unaccompanied minor refugee boys with their stated age between 15 and 18 were allocated into a 10 session 5 weeks manualized expressive arts intervention (EXIT) or a life as usual (LAU) control group. The participants were assessed at onset and 4 times over a period of 25 months with a battery of instruments measuring post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), general psychological distress (HSCL-25A), current life satisfaction (CLS) and expected life satisfaction (ELS)...
December 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101712/posttraumatic-stress-related-psychological-functioning-in-adult-survivors-of-childhood-cancer
#5
Jennifer Allen, Victoria W Willard, James L Klosky, Chenghong Li, D Kumar Srivastava, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Sean Phipps
PURPOSE: The majority of research examining posttraumatic stress symptoms/disorder (PTSS/PTSD) among adult survivors of childhood cancer has been oriented to cancer, assuming that cancer has been the most traumatic experience in their lives. Whether that assumption is valid, and how it might impact assessment of PTSS, is unknown. METHODS: Survivors in the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort study completed an assessment of PTSS without cancer orientation, global psychological functioning, perceived stress, and cancer-related anxiety...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077996/posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-preschool-children-in-foster-care-the-influence-of-placement-and-foster-family-environment
#6
Mira Vasileva, Franz Petermann
Children in foster care often experience traumatic events which increase their risk for posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Until now, no research has investigated the developmentally sensitive PTSS criteria for preschoolers among children in foster care. The current study estimated the prevalence of potentially traumatic experiences and clinical PTSS in German foster care children aged 3 to 7 years. The foster parents of 324 children completed questionnaires about children's PTSS, foster parental stress, parenting, and family functioning...
October 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055139/exploratory-study-of-impact-of-cancer-related-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-on-diabetes-self-management-among-cancer-survivors
#7
Janey James, Yael T Harris, Ian M Kronish, Juan P Wisnivesky, Jenny J Lin
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) can be triggered by a diagnosis of a potentially life-threatening illness such as cancer. Little is known about the impact of cancer-related PTSS symptoms on self-management behaviors for comorbid chronic medical conditions such as diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: We recruited patients with DM and a recent diagnosis of early-stage cancer from 2 medical centers in New York City. Cancer-related PTSS were assessed using the Impact of Events Scale (score ≥ 26)...
October 21, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028591/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-in-parents-and-adolescents-after-the-wenchuan-earthquake-a-longitudinal-actor-partner-interdependence-model
#8
Xuliang Shi, Ya Zhou, Fulei Geng, Yuanyuan Li, Jieying Zhou, Binbin Lei, Siyi Chen, Xiaoyan Chen, Fang Fan
BACKGROUND: Previous research has examined the association between parents' and children's posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSS) after a variety of traumatic events. However, longitudinal parent-child dyadic studies are scarce. METHODS: Independent self-reports were collected from parent-adolescent dyads (n = 688) after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake. Adolescents (Mean = 15.22 years; 61.63% female) and one of their parents (Mean = 41.04 years; 58.14% female) each reported on their PTSS at 12 (T12m) and 18 months (T18m) following the earthquake...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992539/cross-lagged-associations-between-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-coping-self-efficacy-in-long-term-recovery-a-four-wave-comparative-study
#9
Mark W G Bosmans, Peter G van der Velden
RATIONALE: Trauma-related coping self-efficacy (CSE) - in brief, the perceived ability to cope with the aftermath of a traumatic event - has been shown to affect psychological outcomes. A previous study showed that CSE affects subsequent PTSS levels, but not vice versa among a sample exposed 0-6 months ago. OBJECTIVE: In this four-wave follow-up study we examined the cross-lagged relationships between CSE and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) among those exposed to PTEs (potentially traumatic events) 1-2 years before T1 in order to examine direction of influence...
November 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992383/evaluation-of-a-trauma-focused-group-intervention-for-unaccompanied-young-refugees-a-pilot-study
#10
Elisa Pfeiffer, Lutz Goldbeck
Recent research has shown that unaccompanied young refugees (UYR) encounter a wide range of traumatic events during preflight, flight, and resettlement. Although many UYR are resourceful, many develop posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). However, only a small number of vulnerable UYR have access to trauma-focused interventions. Trauma-focused group interventions, adapted to the needs of UYR, may be one way of improving their mental health. A total of 29 male UYR between 14 and 18 years of age, mainly from Afghanistan, participated in the evaluation study of a trauma-focused group intervention entitled Mein Weg (My Way)...
October 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991949/post-intensive-care-unit-psychiatric-comorbidity-and-quality-of-life
#11
Sophia Wang, Chris Mosher, Anthony J Perkins, Sujuan Gao, Sue Lasiter, Sikandar Khan, Malaz Boustani, Babar Khan
The prevalence of psychiatric symptoms ranges from 17% to 44% in intensive care unit (ICU) survivors. The relationship between the comorbidity of psychiatric symptoms and quality of life (QoL) in ICU survivors has not been carefully examined. This study examined the relationship between psychiatric comorbidities and QoL in 58 survivors of ICU delirium. Patients completed 3 psychiatric screens at 3 months after discharge from the hospital, including the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) for depression, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) questionnaire for anxiety, and the Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome (PTSS- 10) questionnaire for posttraumatic stress disorder...
October 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981311/investigating-the-relationship-between-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-posttraumatic-growth-following-community-violence-the-role-of-anger
#12
David R Strasshofer, Zoë D Peterson, Marin C Beagley, Tara E Galovski
OBJECTIVE: Past research has revealed that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by disturbances in emotional reactivity, including anger reactions. In turn, posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and anger reactions have been shown to be independently associated with posttraumatic growth (PTG). As such, anger reactions may serve as a pathway of influence through which PTSS lead to PTG in trauma-exposed adults. METHOD: The current study examined cross-sectional relationships among PTSS, anger reactions, and PTG in 318 participants who were exposed to the violent political protests in Ferguson, Missouri after the officer-involved shooting of Michael Brown...
October 5, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969621/neuroticism-related-personality-traits-are-associated-with-posttraumatic-stress-after-abortion-findings-from-a-swedish-multi-center-cohort-study
#13
Inger Wallin Lundell, Inger Sundström Poromaa, Lisa Ekselius, Susanne Georgsson, Örjan Frans, Lotti Helström, Ulf Högberg, Agneta Skoog Svanberg
BACKGROUND: Most women who choose to terminate a pregnancy cope well following an abortion, although some women experience severe psychological distress. The general interpretation in the field is that the most consistent predictor of mental disorders after induced abortion is the mental health issues that women present with prior to the abortion. We have previously demonstrated that few women develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) after induced abortion...
October 2, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962895/sleep-mediates-the-association-between-ptsd-symptoms-and-chronic-pain-in-youth
#14
Melanie Noel, Jillian Vinall, Lianne Tomfohr-Madsen, Amy Lewandowski Holley, Anna C Wilson, Tonya M Palermo
Symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSS) and chronic pain have been shown to co-occur at high rates in adolescents and this co-occurrence is linked to worse pain and quality of life. Sleep disturbance has been posited as a mechanism underlying this co-occurrence in conceptual models of mutual maintenance. This study examined the mediating role of sleep in the relationship between PTSS and pain in youth (aged 10-17 years) with chronic pain. Ninety-seven participants completed measures of PTSS, pain (intensity and interference), anxiety symptoms, and sleep quality, in addition to demographics...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935194/are-facial-injuries-really-different-an-observational-cohort-study-comparing-appearance-concern-and-psychological-distress-in-facial-trauma-and-non-facial-trauma-patients
#15
Emmylou Rahtz, Kamaldeep Bhui, Iain Hutchison, Ania Korszun
Facial injuries are widely assumed to lead to stigma and significant psychosocial burden. Experimental studies of face perception support this idea, but there is very little empirical evidence to guide treatment. This study sought to address the gap. Data were collected from 193 patients admitted to hospital following facial or other trauma. Ninety (90) participants were successfully followed up 8 months later. Participants completed measures of appearance concern and psychological distress (post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918177/photodynamic-therapy-in-oral-potentially-malignant-disorders-critical-literature-review-of-existing-protocols
#16
REVIEW
Jéssica Araújo Figueira, Vanessa Cristina Veltrini
INTRODUCTION: Oral cancer is a serious public health issue. Apart from its high rate of prevalence, incidence and mortality, it can often result in more complex and expensive treatment when diagnosed late. Potentially malignant disorders (PMDs) can precede oral cancer, and are usually treated by surgical excision. However, in many cases patients are elderly and multiple interventions may be required. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a simple alternative, which has been successfully used in the treatment of oral PMDs...
September 13, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869760/the-role-of-parental-posttraumatic-stress-marital-adjustment-and-dyadic-self-disclosure-in-intergenerational-transmission-of-trauma-a-family-system-approach
#17
Rahel Bachem, Yafit Levin, Xiao Zhou, Gadi Zerach, Zahava Solomon
Research indicates that posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) induced by war trauma may be transmitted to veterans' wives and offspring (secondary traumatic stress; STS). However, the interplay between family members' characteristics has not been accounted for in such processes. Taking a family systems perspective, we examine the contributions of fathers' PTSS, mothers' STS, marital adjustment, and self-disclosure of both parents to offspring's STS and test whether marital quality applies as a mechanism of parent-child transmission...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859020/evaluation-of-2-stage-treatment-for-cervical-dorsal-rami-entrapment-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Qi Li, Jing-Wu Wang, Bing-Fang Zeng, Yi-Ming Cai, Chang-Qing Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a 2-stage nonoperative treatment for patients with cervical dorsal rami entrapment syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 66 patients diagnosed with cervical dorsal rami entrapment syndrome randomized to an experimental group (n=33) and control group (n=33). The experimental group was treated with additional diagnostic block if regular 2 weeks medication was not effective. The control group only received nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for 2 weeks...
September 2017: Neurologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854401/post-icu-psychological-morbidity-in-very-long-icu-stay-patients-with-ards-and-delirium
#19
Farshid R Bashar, Amir Vahedian-Azimi, Mohammadreza Hajiesmaeili, Mahmood Salesi, Behrooz Farzanegan, Seyedpouzhia Shojaei, Reza Goharani, Seyed J Madani, Kivan G Moghaddam, Sevak Hatamian, Hosseinali J Moghaddam, Seyed M M Mosavinasab, Elamin M Elamin, Andrew C Miller
PURPOSE: We investigated the impact of delirium on illness severity, psychological state, and memory in acute respiratory distress syndrome patients with very long ICU stay. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective cohort study in the medical-surgical ICUs of 2 teaching hospitals. Very long ICU stay (>75days) and prolonged delirium (≥40days) thresholds were determined by ROC analysis. Subjects were ≥18years, full-code, and provided informed consent. Illness severity was assessed using Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation IV, Simplified Acute Physiology Score-3, and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment scores...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836448/gender-differences-in-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-among-former-prisoners-of-wars-adult-offspring
#20
Gadi Zerach, Zahava Solomon
OBJECTIVES: The lifetime risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and PTSD symptoms (PTSS) among primary and secondary female victims is known to be higher than for male. This study assessed gender differences in PTSS among former prisoners of war's (ex-POWs) adult offspring and the associations with their fathers' and mothers' PTSS and the parental bonding with them. DESIGN: A correlative study. METHODS: A sample of 79 Israeli father-mother-offspring ex-POW triads from the 1973 Yom Kippur War completed self-report measures...
August 24, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
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