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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327258/mental-health-problems-of-syrian-refugee-children-the-role-of-parental-factors
#1
Seyda Eruyar, John Maltby, Panos Vostanis
War-torn children are particularly vulnerable through direct trauma exposure as well through their parents' responses. This study thus investigated the association between trauma exposure and children's mental health, and the contribution of parent-related factors in this association. A cross-sectional study with 263 Syrian refugee children-parent dyads was conducted in Turkey. The Stressful Life Events Questionnaire (SLE), General Health Questionnaire, Parenting Stress Inventory (PSI-SF), Impact of Events Scale for Children (CRIES-8), and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire were used to measure trauma exposure, parental psychopathology, parenting-related stress, children's post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), and mental health problems, respectively...
January 11, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319653/posttraumatic-stress-syndrome-what-is-it
#2
Stephen W Sparks
Readily defined as symptoms consistent with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but that occur earlier than 30 days after experiencing the traumatic event, posttraumatic stress syndrome (PTSS) is now acknowledged to be a serious health issue. Even so, PTSS often goes unrecognized until an official diagnosis of PTSD is made. Screening tools such as the PTSS-14 have proven reliable in identifying people with PTSS who are at risk of developing PTSD. Through early recognition, providers may be able to intervene, thus alleviating or reducing the effects of a traumatic experience...
January 2018: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299787/spiritual-health-and-outcomes-in-muslim-icu-patients-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#3
Farshid R Bashar, Amir Vahedian-Azimi, Mahmood Salesi, Mohammadreza Hajiesmaeili, Seyedpouzhia Shojaei, Behrooz Farzanegan, Reza Goharani, Seyed J Madani, Kivan G Moghaddam, Sevak Hatamian, Hosseinali J Moghaddam, Abilio Arrascaeta-Llanes, Andrew C Miller
The aim of the present study is to describe how religiosity and spirituality affect the psychiatric morbidity of Muslim intensive care unit (ICU) patients. We conducted a prospective nationwide cross-sectional study of ICU patients discharged from 45 medical centers spanning 31 proivinces in Iran. Adults (age ≥ 18 years) admitted to the ICU and treated with invasive mechanical ventilation were eligible. Nine validated survey tools were administered to detect direct and indirect associations between spiritual health (SH) and depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic disorder...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294815/polyvictimization-and-psychological-distress-in-early-adolescence-a-mediation-model-of-defense-mechanisms-and-coping-styles
#4
Gadi Zerach, Ask Elklit
In the current study, we aim to examine the link between exposure to multiple traumatic events (polyvictimization), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms (PTSS), and psychiatric symptomatology in early adolescence. Furthermore, we aim to explore the mediating roles of defense styles and coping styles in the associations between polyvictimization, PTSS, and psychiatric symptomatology. Data from a Danish national representative sample of 390 eighth-grade students with a mean age of 13.95 ( SD = 0.37) years were used...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258355/coping-strategies-of-former-prisoners-of-war-mediate-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms
#5
Gadi Zerach
OBJECTIVES: Certain coping strategies, characterized by emotional coping or disengagement/ avoidance, have been linked to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and PTSD symptoms (PTSS). However, the role of primary trauma victims' coping strategies in the intergenerational transmission of PTSS is still lacking. This prospective study assessed the mediating role of former prisoners of war's (ex-POWs) coping strategies in the associations between ex-POWs' PTSS and their adult offspring's secondary PTSS in relation to their fathers' captivity and psychiatric symptomatology...
December 19, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244525/20-year-outcomes-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-with-hamstring-tendon-autograft-the-catastrophic-effect-of-age-and-posterior-tibial-slope
#6
Lucy J Salmon, Emma Heath, Hawar Akrawi, Justin P Roe, James Linklater, Leo A Pinczewski
BACKGROUND: No well-controlled studies have compared the long-term outcome of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with hamstring tendon autograft between adolescents and adults. Increased posterior tibial slopes (PTSs) have been reported in the ACL-injured versus controls, but the effect of PTS on the outcome after reconstruction is relatively unexplored. PURPOSE: To compare the prospective longitudinal outcome of "isolated" ACL ruptures treated with anatomic endoscopic ACL reconstruction using hamstring tendon autograft over 20 years in adolescent and adult cohorts and to examine factors for repeat ACL injury...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243344/intensive-care-survivor-reported-symptoms-a-longitudinal-study-of-survivors-symptoms
#7
Anne Kathrine Langerud, Tone Rustøen, Milaancarova Småstuen, Ulf Kongsgaard, Audun Stubhaug
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in potential long-term outcomes following intensive care, but few researchers have studied the prevalence of multiple symptoms or the association between pain and other symptoms. AIMS: To investigate the prevalence of anxiety, depression, fatigue, sleep disturbance and post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) among intensive care survivors 3 months and 1 year after being discharged from an intensive care unit (ICU) and to determine whether pain is associated with higher prevalence of these symptoms 3 months and 1 year after ICU stay...
December 15, 2017: Nursing in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241519/the-positive-thinking-skills-scale-a-screening-measure-for-early-identification-of-depressive-thoughts
#8
Abir K Bekhet, Mauricio Garnier-Villarreal
BACKGROUND: Depression is currently considered the second leading cause of disability worldwide. Positive thinking is a cognitive process that helps individuals to deal with problems more effectively, and has been suggested as a useful strategy for coping with adversity, including depression. The Positive Thinking Skills Scale (PTSS) is a reliable and valid measure that captures the frequency of use of positive thinking skills that can help in the early identification of the possibility of developing depressive thoughts...
December 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222338/blood-sample-transportation-by-pneumatic-transportation-systems-a-systematic-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Mads Nybo, Merete E Lund, Kjell Titlestad, Christian U Maegaard
BACKGROUND: Pneumatic transportation systems (PTSs) are increasingly used for transportation of blood samples to the core laboratory. Many studies have investigated the impact of these systems on different types of analyses, but to elucidate whether PTSs in general are safe for transportation of blood samples, existing literature on the subject was systematically assessed. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted following the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and metaanalyses (PRISMA) Statement guidelines to gather studies investigating the impact of PTS on analyses in blood samples...
December 8, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209466/peritraumatic-dissociation-predicts-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-via-dysfunctional-trauma-related-memory-among-war-affected-children
#10
Kirsi Peltonen, Samuli Kangaslampi, Jenni Saranpää, Samir Qouta, Raija-Leena Punamäki
Background: Among adults there is strong evidence about peritraumatic dissociation (PD) predicting posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), yet evidence among children is very limited. It has been suggested that disturbances in memory functioning might explain the association between PD and PTSD, but this has not yet been empirically tested. Objective: We aimed to test the hypotheses that greater PD would be associated with more posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and that some of this association would be mediated by disorganized and non-verbal memories about the traumatic event...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200186/potentially-traumatic-events-and-job-satisfaction-a-prospective-population-based-comparative-study
#11
Peter G van der Velden, Ilaria Setti, Mark W G Bosmans, Ruud J A Muffels
OBJECTIVE: Examine the effects of potentially traumatic events (PTE), posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and coping self-efficacy (CSE) on post-event job satisfaction. METHODS: Repeated ANOVA was used to assess differences in the course of job satisfaction during one year between population-based samples of affected and non-affected workers. Multivariate regression analyses were conducted with pre-event health, job satisfaction and insecurity, and post-event PTSS and CSE as predictors...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197098/a-longitudinal-investigation-of-the-role-of-parental-responses-in-predicting-children-s-post-traumatic-distress
#12
Rachel M Hiller, Richard Meiser-Stedman, Sarah Lobo, Cathy Creswell, Pasco Fearon, Anke Ehlers, Lynne Murray, Sarah L Halligan
BACKGROUND: While parental post-trauma support is considered theoretically important for child adjustment, empirical evidence concerning the specific aspects of parental responding that influence child post-traumatic distress, or the processes via which any such impacts occur, is extremely limited. We conducted a longitudinal examination of whether parental post-trauma appraisals, trauma-specific support style and general parenting style predicted child post-traumatic stress symptom severity (PTSS) following trauma; and whether such influences operated via the child's own appraisals and coping style...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193316/posttraumatic-stress-symptom-trajectories-among-children-after-disaster-exposure-a-review
#13
Betty S Lai, Rayleen Lewis, Michelle S Livings, Annette M La Greca, Ann-Margaret Esnard
Natural disasters, such as hurricanes and floods, are increasing in frequency and scope. Youth exposed to disasters are at risk for developing posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). However, not all youth who report initially elevated PTSS report persistent PTSS that last beyond the first three to six months postdisaster. Thus, it is crucial to understand how and why youth differ in their patterns of PTSS. This study reviewed the literature on children's postdisaster PTSS, evaluating the typical number and types of patterns for children's PTSS trajectories, as well as risk and protective factors predicting trajectory membership...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193043/the-role-of-negative-affect-on-headache-related-disability-following-traumatic-physical-injury
#14
Maria L Pacella, Bryce Hruska, Richard L George, Douglas L Delahanty
OBJECTIVE: Acute postinjury negative affect (NA) may contribute to headache pain following physical injury. Early psychiatric-headache comorbidity conveys increased vulnerability to chronic headache-related disability and impairment. Yet, it is unknown whether NA is involved in the transition to chronic headache related-disability after injury. This prospective observational study examined the role of acute postinjury NA on subacute and chronic headache-related disability above and beyond nonpsychiatric factors...
November 28, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175375/posttraumatic-growth-among-people-with-serious-mental-illness-psychosis-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms
#15
Yael Mazor, Marc Gelkopf, David Roe
Recent research has shown high rates of exposure to trauma among people with serious mental illness (SMI). In addition, studies suggest that psychosis and mental illness-related experiences can be extremely traumatic. While some individuals develop posttraumatic symptomatology related to these experiences, some appear to experience posttraumatic growth (PTG). Little is known, however, about PTG as a possible outcome among people who experienced psychosis as well as posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). For further understanding of the relationship between PTSS and PTG among people with SMI who experienced psychosis, 121 participants were recruited from community mental health rehabilitation centers and administered trauma and psychiatric questionnaires...
October 28, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163868/the-effectiveness-of-psychosocial-interventions-in-war-traumatized-refugee-and-internally-displaced-minors-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Agnes Nocon, Rima Eberle-Sejari, Johanna Unterhitzenberger, Rita Rosner
Background: The United Nations reported that in 2016 over 65 million people worldwide have forcibly left home. Over 50% are children and adolescents; a substantial number has been traumatized and displaced by war. Objective: To provide an overview of the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions in this group we conducted a narrative review and a meta-analysis of intervention studies providing data on posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), depression, anxiety, grief, and general distress. Method: We searched PILOTS, MEDLINE, WoS, Embase, CENTRAL, LILACS, PsycINFO, ASSIA, CSA, and SA for studies on treatment outcomes for war-traumatized displaced children and adolescents...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154595/predictors-of-somatic-symptom-severity-the-role-of-cumulative-history-of-trauma-and-adversity-in-a-diverse-community-sample
#17
Tamra Burns Loeb, Nataria T Joseph, Gail E Wyatt, Muyu Zhang, Dorothy Chin, April Thames, Yvorn Aswad
OBJECTIVE: Somatic symptoms are often reported among victims of trauma, and place a significant burden on primary care health providers. We examined the relationship between lifetime histories of trauma and adversity, including aspects not previously studied (i.e., perceived discrimination), and somatic symptoms, as well as the mediating role of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and depressive symptoms. METHOD: A multiethnic community sample of 500 male and female participants (230 African American and 270 Latino) completed measures of demographic characteristics, the University of California, Los Angeles Lifetime Adversities Screener (LADS), depressive symptoms, PTSS, and somatic symptoms...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131408/parent-and-child-trauma-symptoms-during-child-parent-psychotherapy-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-dyadic-change
#18
Melissa J Hagan, Dillon T Browne, Michael Sulik, Chandra Ghosh Ippen, Nicole Bush, Alicia F Lieberman
Five randomized controlled trials have shown that child-parent psychotherapy (CPP) improves trauma symptoms in children. Less is known about parent symptoms or moderators of symptom change. In a sample of 199 parent (81% biological mother; 54% Latina/o) and child (aged 2 to 6 years; 52% male; 49% Latina/o) dyads who participated in an open treatment study of CPP, this study investigated whether parent and child symptoms similarly decreased during treatment and whether improvement was moderated by parent, child, and treatment characteristics...
December 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121983/early-psychological-screening-of-intensive-care-unit-survivors-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Anna Milton, Emily Brück, Anna Schandl, Matteo Bottai, Peter Sackey
BACKGROUND: A majority of patients survive their episode of critical illness but up to 30% of patients suffer from psychological problems such as post-traumatic stress, anxiety and depression in the year after intensive care unit (ICU) stay. A method to identify discharged patients at risk for adverse psychological outcome would be helpful in the triage for ICU follow-up and could enable early intervention. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether early screening with validated questionnaires after ICU discharge can identify patients at risk for symptoms of post-traumatic stress, anxiety and depression 3 months after ICU stay...
November 9, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105124/a-controlled-early-group-intervention-study-for-unaccompanied-minors-can-expressive-arts-alleviate-symptoms-of-trauma-and-enhance-life-satisfaction
#20
Melinda A Meyer DeMott, Marianne Jakobsen, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Trond Heir
This is the first controlled study of an expressive arts group intervention with unaccompanied minor asylum seeking children. The aim of the study was to examine whether such an intervention may alleviate symptoms of trauma and enhance life satisfaction and hope. One hundred forty five unaccompanied minor refugee boys with their stated age between 15 and 18 were allocated into a 10 session 5 weeks manualized expressive arts intervention (EXIT) or a life as usual (LAU) control group. The participants were assessed at onset and 4 times over a period of 25 months with a battery of instruments measuring post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), general psychological distress (HSCL-25A), current life satisfaction (CLS) and expected life satisfaction (ELS)...
December 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
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