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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520669/investigating-the-connection-between-traumatic-brain-injury-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-adolescents
#1
Tara Rhine, Amy Cassedy, Keith Owen Yeates, Hudson Gerry Taylor, Michael W Kirkwood, Shari L Wade
OBJECTIVE: To identify potentially modifiable individual and social-environmental correlates of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) among adolescents hospitalized for traumatic brain injury (TBI). SETTING: Four pediatric hospitals and 1 general hospital in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Children ages 11 to 18 years, hospitalized for moderate-severe TBI within the past 18 months. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional analysis...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501651/severity-of-traumatic-injuries-predicting-psychological-outcomes-a-surprising-lack-of-empirical-evidence
#2
Adriel Boals, Zina Trost, Evan Rainey, Michael L Foreman, Ann Marie Warren
Despite widespread beliefs that trauma severity is related to levels of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), the empirical evidence to support such beliefs is lacking. In the current study we examined Injury Severity Score (ISS), a medical measure of event severity for physical injuries, in a sample of 460 patients admitted to a Level 1 Trauma Center. Results revealed no significant relationship between ISS and PTSS, depression, pain, and general physical and mental health at baseline, three months, and six months post-injury...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500541/ambivalence-over-emotional-expression-intrusive-thoughts-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-among-chinese-american-breast-cancer-survivors
#3
Qian Lu, Nelson Yeung, Jenny Man, Matthew W Gallagher, Qiao Chu, Sidra H Deen
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) are common among breast cancer survivors. However, the association and the underlying mediating mechanism between psychosocial factors and PTSS were rarely investigated among breast cancer survivors. Previous studies have suggested the importance of emotional expression in cancer survivors' PTSS. This study examined the association between ambivalence over emotional expression (AEE; defined as the conflict between the desire to express feelings and the fear of its consequences) and PTSS, and proposed intrusive thoughts as the mediators in such an association...
May 12, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499573/positive-thinking-training-intervention-for-caregivers-of-persons-with-autism-establishing-fidelity
#4
Abir K Bekhet
More than 3.5 million in the US are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and caregivers experience stress that adversely affects their well-being. Positive thinking training (PTT) intervention can minimize that stress. However, before testing the effectiveness of PTT, its fidelity must be established. This pilot intervention trial examined fidelity of an online PTT intervention for ASD caregivers with a random assignment of 73 caregivers to either the online PTT intervention or to the control group...
June 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460286/transgenerational-trauma-in-a-post-conflict-setting-effects-on-offspring-ptss-ptsd-and-offspring-vulnerability-in-cambodian-families
#5
Sebastian Burchert, Nadine Stammel, Christine Knaevelsrud
We assessed transgenerational effects of maternal traumatic exposure, posttraumatic stress symptoms and posttraumatic stress disorder on trauma-related symptoms in Cambodian offspring born after the genocidal Khmer Rouge Regime. We conducted a randomized cross-sectional study. N=378 mothers from 4 provinces of the country and one of each of their grown-up children were interviewed. Lifetime traumatic exposure was determined using a context-adapted event list. Present posttraumatic stress symptoms and a potential posttraumatic stress disorder were assessed using the civilian version of the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist...
April 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459267/trauma-and-ptss-of-zimbabwean-refugees-in-south-africa-a-summary-of-published-studies
#6
Erhabor Sunday Idemudia
OBJECTIVE: This paper is a report of 4 published papers on posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS)/posttraumatic stress disorders (PTSD) and traumas experienced by homeless Zimbabwean refugees living in South Africa. The general purpose of the papers was to explore how pre- and postmigration difficulties predicts posttraumatic stress symptoms/disorder; to understand gender differences in PTSS/PTSD reports using quantitative and qualitative approaches; and finally, to understand the nature of abuses, perpetrators, and sex of perpetrators...
May 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451069/posttraumatic-growth-and-depreciation-six-years-after-the-2004-tsunami
#7
Hans Michélsen, Charlotte Therup-Svedenlöf, Magnus Backheden, Abbe Schulman
Background: Posttraumatic growth (PTG) has been reported after various types of potentially traumatic events, as a part of the personal recovery process among survivors. Even negative changes in survivors' life view, known as posttraumatic depreciation (PTD), have been identified as an additional aspect in the personal recovery processes. Objective: To examine how the type of exposure experienced by survivors of a natural disaster, the 2004 Southeast Asia tsunami, influenced self-reported PTG and PTD six years later (T2)...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449365/duty-related-trauma-exposure-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-professional-firefighters
#8
Junghyun H Lee, Dayoung Lee, Jiae Kim, Kyoungsun Jeon, Minyoung Sim
Firefighters commonly encounter traumatic events during duty hours. The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of duty-related trauma as risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder in professional firefighters. A sample of 212 firefighters participated in the study and completed self-reported questionnaires. Potentially traumatic events (PTE) were assessed using a list of 17 traumatic event types. The posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) were measured by the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (Lim et al...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437731/children-and-adolescents-facing-a-continuous-security-threat-aggressive-behavior-and-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms
#9
Orit Nuttman-Shwartz
There is extensive research evidence indicating that children and youth are the most vulnerable population for developing psychological symptoms relating to war and terror. Although studies have documented a wide range of detrimental emotional and behavioral effects of such exposure, much less is known about the effects of exposure to a continuous security threat for children and adolescents. Against this background, the current article examined the implications of continuous exposure to missile attacks among 1096 children and adolescents enrolled in public schools near the Israeli border with Gaza...
April 21, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421596/the-relation-between-skin-conductance-responses-and-recovery-from-symptoms-of-ptsd
#10
A Günther, P Sackey, A Bjärtå, A Schandl
BACKGROUND: The purpose was to investigate if potentially stressful reminders of the intensive care unit (ICU) stay influenced variability in transient skin conductance responses, and whether such changes were associated with post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), and development of symptoms over time. METHODS: Thirty patients with an ICU length of stay > 48 h were included in the study. Within the week after ICU discharge (T1), patients were exposed to authentic ICU sound and questions regarding traumatic ICU memories while skin conductance reactivity was monitored...
April 18, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419648/the-role-of-body-image-dissatisfaction-in-the-association-between-treatment-related-scarring-or-disfigurement-and-psychological-distress-in-adult-survivors-of-childhood-cancer
#11
Stefanie C Vuotto, Rohit P Ojha, Chenghong Li, Cara Kimberg, James L Klosky, Kevin R Krull, Deo Kumar Srivastava, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Tara M Brinkman
PURPOSE: To examine the potential mediating role of body image dissatisfaction on the association between treatment-related scarring/disfigurement and psychological distress in adult survivors of childhood cancer. METHODS: Participants included 1,714 adult survivors of childhood cancer (mean[SD] age at evaluation = 32.4[8.0] years, time since diagnosis = 24.1[8.1] years) enrolled in the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort Study. Survivors completed measures of body image, emotional distress and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS)...
April 18, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410485/impact-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptom-dimensions-on-psychophysiological-reactivity-to-threat-and-reward
#12
Lynne Lieberman, Stephanie M Gorka, Carter J Funkhouser, Stewart A Shankman, K Luan Phan
Posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) are associated with significant distress and impairment. Research has therefore focused on identifying neurobehavioral deficits that contribute to the pathophysiology of PTSS. One issue that has contributed to difficulty in identifying these deficits is the highly heterogeneous nature of PTSS. PTSS is comprised of four, factor analytically distinct dimensions of symptoms - re-experiencing, avoidance, hyperarousal, and negative cognitions and mood. It is therefore unlikely that there is one single mechanism that accounts for all of PTSS and elucidating neurobehavioral deficits associated with specific PTSS symptom dimensions may better inform clinical prevention and intervention efforts...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409712/self-disclosing-trauma-and-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-couples-a-longitudinal-study
#13
Jacob Y Stein, Yael Lahav, Zahava Solomon
OBJECTIVE: Most research concerning the implications of self-disclosure on trauma's aftermath has focused on the salubrious effects disclosure may foster for the primary victim. However, the manner in which recipients of disclosure are symptomatically affected by it remains unexamined. Of particular interest are spouses who are often the primary support providers and are therefore susceptible to secondary traumatization. Assessing posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and self-disclosure among traumatized veterans and their wives, the current longitudinal study begins to fill this gap in the literature...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374650/changes-in-the-trauma-narratives-of-youth-receiving-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-relation-to-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms
#14
Marie Knutsen, Tine K Jensen
OBJECTIVE: To understand the meaning of trauma narration, we examined changes in the trauma narratives of youth receiving trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) and explored the relationship between changes in narratives and in posttraumatic stress. METHOD: The sample consisted of 12 non-responders and 12 maximum-responders to treatment (M = 14.3, SD = 2.35, range = 10-17; 75% girls). The youth were assessed with the Clinical-Administered PTSD-Scale for Children and Adolescents both pre- and post-treatment...
April 4, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368154/the-double-edged-sword-the-role-of-empathy-in-military-veterans-partners-distress
#15
Rachel Dekel, Alana Siegel, Shimon Fridkin, Vlad Svetlitzky
OBJECTIVE: The existing literature has shown that war veterans' posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) are associated with high levels of distress in their female partners. According to the literature, spouses' empathy for their spouses can be a risk factor for their own mental health. However, this subject has not been examined among veteran couples. The current study therefore investigated both the direct and moderating contribution of females' cognitive and affective empathy to their own PTSS and depression symptoms, above and beyond the preexisting traumatic events of the women's own lives and the veterans' PTSS...
April 3, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359708/the-effect-of-pneumatic-tube-systems-on-the-hemolysis-of-biochemistry-blood-samples
#16
Gokhan Cakirca, Huseyin Erdal
Pneumatic tube systems (PTSs) are widely used in many hospitals because they lead to reduced turnaround times and cost efficiency. However, PTSs may affect the quality of the blood samples transported to the laboratory. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the PTS used in our hospital on the hemolysis of the biochemical blood samples transported to the laboratory. METHODS: A total of 148 samples were manually transported to the laboratory by hospital staff, 148 samples were transported with the PTS, and 113 were transported with the PTS without use of sponge-rubber inserts (PTSws)...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358594/psychiatric-symptoms-in-survivors-of-the-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-effects-of-age-sex-and-immune-modulation
#17
Joanna L Spencer-Segal, Robert C Hyzy, Theodore J Iwashyna, Theodore J Standiford
RATIONALE: Psychiatric morbidity after ARDS is common. Current ability to predict psychiatric symptoms based on patient- and illness-specific factors is limited. OBJECTIVES: We assessed symptoms of anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in long-term survivors of the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS), and associated changes in cortisol levels. METHODS: The subjects were enrolled in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) or placebo conducted at three academic medical centers...
March 30, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333491/standing-on-shaky-ground-dyadic-and-longitudinal-associations-between-posttraumatic-stress-and-relationship-quality-postearthquake
#18
Emma M Marshall, Roeline G Kuijer, Jeffry A Simpson, Ohad Szepsenwol
In the current study, we took a unique dyadic approach to examine how people's relationship quality following an earthquake was associated with their and their partner's posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and whether support exchanges in the relationship protected relationship quality in the face of this adversity. Ninety-nine heterosexual couples were studied over 4 time points for approximately 15 months following the Canterbury, New Zealand, earthquakes. The data were analyzed using moderated growth-curve modeling in an Actor-Partner Interdependence Model framework...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327414/posttraumatic-symptom-profiles-among-adult-survivors-of-childhood-sexual-abuse-a-longitudinal-study
#19
Iris M Steine, Dagfinn Winje, Jens Christoffer Skogen, John H Krystal, Anne Marita Milde, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Inger Hilde Nordhus, Janne Grønli, Ståle Pallesen
In the present study, our aim was to examine longitudinal posttraumatic stress symptom (PTSS) trajectories in a Norwegian sample of adults who had experienced sexual abuse during childhood, and to identify predictors of PTSS-trajectory belongingness. The sample consisted of 138 adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse (96.4% women, mean age=42.9years, mean age at the first abuse=5.9 years), recruited from support centers for sexual abuse survivors. The majority (78.3%) reported penetrative abuse, and a large proportion of the sample reported that the perpetrator was a biological parent (38...
March 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326027/accessible-neurobehavioral-anger-related-markers-for-vulnerability-to-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-a-population-of-male-soldiers
#20
Tamar Lin, Gadi Gilam, Gal Raz, Ayelet Or-Borichev, Yair Bar-Haim, Eyal Fruchter, Talma Hendler
Identifying vulnerable individuals prone to develop post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) is of paramount importance, especially in populations at high risk for stress exposure such as combat soldiers. While several neural and psychological risk factors are known, no post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) biomarker has yet progressed to clinical use. Here we present novel and clinically applicable anger-related neurobehavioral risk markers for military-related PTSS in a large cohort of Israeli soldiers. The psychological, electrophysiological and neural (Simultaneous recording of scalp electroencephalography [EEG] and functional magnetic resonance imaging [fMRI]) reaction to an anger-inducing film were measured prior to advanced military training and PTSS were recorded at 1-year follow-up...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
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