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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880620/a-relational-model-for-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-captivity-trauma-a-23-year-longitudinal-study
#1
Gadi Zerach, Zahava Solomon
OBJECTIVES: The aversive, long-term toll of war captivity and fathers' combat-induced posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on adult offspring's secondary traumatization (ST) has been recently exemplified. However, the study of potential mechanisms of the intergenerational transmission of trauma to offspring is still lacking. This prospective study aimed to assess the role of fathers' PTSD symptoms (PTSS), paternal parenting, and adult offspring's attachment insecurities in adult offspring's PTSS...
2016: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875034/risk-factors-of-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-patients-with-cancer
#2
Yu-Hua Lin, Chia-Chan Kao, Shu-Fen Wu, Shu-Ling Hung, Hsing-Yu Yang, Hong-Yu Tung
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the level of PTSS and to identify demographics, disease history, and clinical symptoms that were associated with PTSS among gynecological, breast, or colorectal cancer patients in Taiwan. BACKGROUND: Literature indicated that 7.3 % to 35.2% of patients with cancer had experienced level of post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). However, the PTSS among patients with cancer in Taiwan was not documented. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870527/indirect-exposure-to-captivity-details-is-not-related-to-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-among-the-spouses-and-offspring-of-former-prisoners-of-war
#3
Gadi Zerach, Zahava Solomon
Indirect exposure to the aversive details of the primary victim's traumatic event(s) has been introduced in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) as a new event criterion (Criterion A4). However, this new criterion has been criticized for its significant emphasis on the exposure to trauma "details" or trauma narrative. This study assessed the associations between reported exposure to details about captivity and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) among 2 groups of family members of former prisoners of war (ex-POWs): spouses (n = 115) and adult offspring (n = 78)...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862347/social-support-coping-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-female-sexual-assault-survivors-a-longitudinal-analysis
#4
Sarah E Ullman, Mark Relyea
Social support and coping affect each other after stressful life events, including sexual assault (Taylor & Stanton, 2007). The present study examined the associations among assault-specific support, maladaptive coping, and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) over 3 years in a sample of female sexual assault survivors from a large metropolitan area (N = 1,863). A 3-wave cross-lagged panel model revealed significant weak-to-moderate reciprocal associations between maladaptive coping and PTSS (βs = .09 to ...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859680/psychosocial-group-intervention-among-war-affected-children-an-analysis-of-changes-in-posttraumatic-cognitions
#5
Samuli Kangaslampi, Raija-Leena Punamäki, Samir Qouta, Marwan Diab, Kirsi Peltonen
Cognitive theories point to reduction in dysfunctional posttraumatic cognitions (PTCs) as one mechanism involved in recovery from posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), yet research findings have shown individual differences in the recovery process. We tested the cognitive mediation hypothesis above in a previously published psychosocial group intervention among war-affected children. We also examined heterogeneity in children's PTCs during the intervention. We used a cluster randomized trial of Smith et al...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859442/couple-forgiveness-and-its-moderating-role-in-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-veterans-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms
#6
Xiao Zhou, Yafit Levin, Jacob Y Stein, Gadi Zerach, Zahava Solomon
This study examined the moderating effect couple forgiveness (as perceived by the wives/mothers) may have on the intergenerational transmission of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) among families of combat veterans and former prisoners of war (ex-POWs). The sample included 123 (79 ex-POWs and 44 control combatants) Israeli father-mother-adult offspring triads. Self-report measures were administered at 2008 to veterans, at 2010-2011 to wives, and at 2013-2014 to offspring. The findings indicated that ex-POWs' PTSS were positively related to their offspring's PTSS, while couple forgiveness buffered this effect, particularly, and detrimentally, when couple forgiveness was low...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845522/trajectories-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-after-civilian-or-deployment-traumatic-event-experiences
#7
David S Fink, Sarah Lowe, Gregory H Cohen, Laura A Sampson, Robert J Ursano, Robert K Gifford, Carol S Fullerton, Sandro Galea
OBJECTIVE: Growth mixture model studies have observed substantial differences in the longitudinal patterns of posttraumatic stress symptom (PTSS) trajectories. This variability could represent chance iterations of some prototypical trajectories or measurable variability induced by some aspect of the source population or traumatic event experience. Testing the latter, the authors analyzed a nationally representative sample of U.S. Reserve and National Guard members to identify the influence of civilian versus deployment trauma on the number of PTSS trajectories, the nature of these trajectories, and the proportion of respondents in each trajectory...
June 16, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827321/are-gender-differences-in-dsm-5-ptsd-symptomatology-explained-by-sexual-trauma
#8
Jeffrey Guina, Ramzi W Nahhas, Kevin Kawalec, Seth Farnsworth
Although many studies have assessed gender differences in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) prevalence, few examine individual PTSD symptoms (PTSSs). Hypothesizing that trauma differences explain many gender differences in symptomatology, this is the first known study to adjust PTSSs for trauma type, and to compare gender differences in those with sexual traumas. Using a cross-sectional survey methodology in a sample of adult outpatients (n = 775), we examined gender, trauma type, PTSSs, suicide, alcohol, and tobacco...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825593/a-soft-tissue-preserving-method-for-evaluating-the-impact-of-posterior-tibial-slope-on-kinematics-during-cruciate-retaining-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-validation-study
#9
Yifei Dai, Laurent D Angibaud, Jean-Yves Jenny, Cyril Hamad, Amaury Jung, Michael B Cross
BACKGROUND: The reconstructed posterior tibial slope (PTS) plays a significant role in restoring knee kinematics in cruciate-retaining total knee arthroplasty. However, conventional methods for the investigation of PTS can be limited by sample size or prone to errors due to damages to the bone and/or soft tissues. The purpose of this study was to validate a novel method for the evaluation of the effects of PTS on knee kinematics. METHODS: Seven computer-assisted cruciate-retaining TKAs were performed by two surgeons on healthy cadaveric knees...
November 4, 2016: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810667/ptsd-symptoms-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-among-firefighters
#10
Joseph W Boffa, Ian H Stanley, Melanie A Hom, Aaron M Norr, Thomas E Joiner, Norman B Schmidt
Research into the causes and prevention of suicide has been deemed a national priority, with a recent focus on sectors of the workforce, such as firefighters, who experience occupational hazards that may confer risk for suicide. Elevated levels of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), which show robust relationships with both suicidal ideation (SI) and suicide attempts, are common among firefighters. However, no study to date has investigated the relationship between PTSS and suicidality among firefighters...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797569/the-contribution-of-maternal-care-and-control-and-community-type-to-children-s-adjustment-to-political-violence
#11
Gali Tangir, Rachel Dekel, Tamar Lavi, Abigail H Gewirtz, Osnat Zamir
Objectives: This study explored the behavioral and emotional adjustment of Israeli school-age children who are exposed to political violence. Based on Bronfenbrenner's (1986) ecological model and ecological model of psychosocial trauma (Harvey, 2007), we examined the direct contribution of exposure, gender, maternal characteristics (mother's posttraumatic stress symptoms [PTSS], maternal care and maternal control), and community type (development town vs. kibbutz), to school-age children's adjustment. In addition, we examined whether maternal characteristics and community type moderated the association between exposure and adjustment...
October 31, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792976/pre-event-trajectories-of-mental-health-and-health-related-disabilities-and-post-event-traumatic-stress-symptoms-and-health-a-7-wave-population-based-study
#12
Peter G van der Velden, Mark W G Bosmans, Erik van der Meulen, Jeroen K Vermunt
It is unknown to what extent classes of trajectories of pre-event mental health problems (MHP) and health-related disabilities (HRD), predict post-event traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), MHP and HRD. Aim of the present 7-wave study was to assess the predictive values using a representative sample of adult Dutch (N=4052) participating in three health-surveys in November-December 2009 (T1), 2010 (T2), 2011 (T3). In total, 2988 out of 4052 also participated in trauma-surveys in April(T4), August(T5) and December(T6) 2012 and a fourth health-survey in November-December 2012 (T7)...
October 17, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788018/power-calculations-to-select-instruments-for-clinical-trial-secondary-endpoints-a-case-study-of-instrument-selection-for-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-subjects-with-ards
#13
Michael W Sjoding, David A Schoenfeld, Samuel M Brown, Catherine L Hough, Donald M Yealy, Marc Moss, Derek C Angus, Theodore J Iwashyna
RATIONALE: After the sample size of a randomized control trial (RCT) is set by the power requirement of its primary endpoint, investigators select secondary endpoints while unable to further adjust sample size. How the sensitivity and specificity of an instrument used to measure these outcomes, together with their expected underlying event rates, affects an RCT's power to measure significant differences in these outcomes is poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: Motivated by the design of an RCT of neuromuscular blockade in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome, we examined how power to detect a difference in secondary endpoints varies with the sensitivity and specificity of the instrument used to measure such outcomes...
October 27, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786515/posttraumatic-stress-and-alcohol-use-among-veterans-amygdala-and-anterior-cingulate-activation-to-emotional-cues
#14
Raluca M Simons, Jeffrey S Simons, Dawne Olson, Lee Baugh, Vincent Magnotta, Gina Forster
This fMRI study tested a model of combat trauma, posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), alcohol use, and behavioral and neural responses to emotional cues in 100 OIF/OEF/OND veterans. Multilevel structural equation models were tested for left and right dorsal ACC (dACC), rostral ACC (rACC), and amygdala blood-oxygen- level dependent responses during the emotional counting Stroop test and masked faces task. In the Stroop task, combat exposure moderated the effect of combat stimuli resulting in hyperactivation in the rACC and dACC...
November 2016: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782298/traumatization-marital-adjustment-and-parenting-among-veterans-and-their-spouses-a-longitudinal-study-of-reciprocal-relations
#15
Yafit Levin, Rahel Bachem, Zahava Solomon
Despite considerable research on secondary traumatization, the ramifications of veterans' and their wives' posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) for the family system remain largely uninvestigated. Beginning to fill this gap, the current study aims to investigate the reciprocal relations between both spouses' PTSS and marital adjustment, and the implications these bear for their parental functioning. Two hundred and twenty-five Israeli veterans (mean age = 58.62, SD = 7.6) from the 1973 Yom Kippur War and their wives (mean age = 58...
October 26, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778421/does-pediatric-ptsd-alter-the-brain-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-structural-and-functional-mri-studies
#16
Ana Carolina Coelho Milani, Elis Viviane Hoffmann, Victor Fossaluza, Andrea Parolin Jackowski, Marcelo Feijo Mello
Several studies have recently demonstrated that the volumes of specific brain regions are reduced in children and adolescents with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) compared with those of healthy controls. Our study investigated the potential association between early traumatic experiences and altered brain regions and functions. We conducted a systematic review of the scientific literature regarding functional MRI and a meta-analysis of structural MRI studies that investigated cerebral region volumes in pediatric patients with PTSD...
October 25, 2016: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736140/a-latent-profile-analysis-of-intimate-partner-victimization-and-aggression-and-examination-of-between-class-differences-in-psychopathology-symptoms-and-risky-behaviors
#17
Nicole H Weiss, Katherine L Dixon-Gordon, Courtney Peasant, Véronique Jaquier, Clinesha Johnson, Tami P Sullivan
Objective: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with heightened psychopathology symptoms and risky behaviors. However, extant investigations are limited by their focus on IPV victimization, despite evidence to suggest that victimization and aggression frequently co-occur. Further, research on these correlates often has not accounted for the heterogeneity of women who experience victimization. Method: The present study utilized latent profile analysis to identify patterns of physical, psychological, and sexual victimization and aggression in a convenience sample of 212 community women experiencing victimization (Mage = 36...
October 13, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735838/the-influence-of-parental-emotional-neglect-on-assault-victims-seeking-treatment-for-depressed-mood-and-alcohol-misuse-a-pilot-study
#18
Kylie A Bailey, Amanda L Baker, Patrick McElduff, David J Kavanagh
This study explores the relationship between reported parental emotional neglect when a child, assault type experienced, posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), depression, and alcohol consumption in treatment seekers for comorbid depressive symptoms and alcohol misuse. Participants (n = 220) with concurrent depression and alcohol misuse were recruited from the DAISI (Depression and Alcohol Integrated and Single-focussed Interventions) project. Assault type and PTSS were retrospectively assessed by the Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734493/exploring-posttraumatic-growth-in-tamil-children-affected-by-the-indian-ocean-tsunami-in-2004
#19
Silvia Exenberger, Panch Ramalingam, Stefan Höfer
Few studies explore posttraumatic growth (PTG) in children from Eastern cultures. To help address this gap, the present study examined PTG among 177 South Indian children aged 8-17 years who were affected by the 2004 Tsunami. The study identifies the underlying factor structure of the Tamil version of the Revised Posttraumatic Growth Inventory for Children (PTGI-C-R), and aims to explore the prevalence of PTG, the relationship between distress and growth, and gender and age differences in PTG. The results of the principal component analysis indicated a two-factor structure with an interpersonal and a person-centred dimension of growth...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710835/intolerance-of-uncertainty-and-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-an-investigation-within-a-treatment-seeking-trauma-exposed-sample
#20
Mary E Oglesby, Brittany A Gibby, Brittany M Mathes, Nicole A Short, Norman B Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) has been associated with post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) in the literature. However, no research to date has investigated the relationship between IU and PTSS within a clinical trauma-exposed sample, which is an important next step in the literature and crucial for the generalizability of these findings. Therefore, the current study hypothesized that IU would be related to increased PTSS within a clinical sample of trauma-exposed individuals...
January 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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