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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142203/mode-of-delivery-and-child-and-adolescent-psychological-well-being-evidence-from-hong-kong-s-children-of-1997-birth-cohort
#1
Cherry Y Leung, Gabriel M Leung, C Mary Schooling
Mode of delivery (vaginal or cesarean section) is thought to affect gut microbiota, which in turn may affect psychological well-being. As such, mode of delivery is potentially a modifiable factor for psychological well-being. Here we examined the association of mode of delivery with child and adolescent psychological well-being. We used multivariable linear regression in a population-representative Hong Kong Chinese birth cohort, "Children of 1997," to examine the adjusted associations of mode of delivery with behavioral problems assessed from parent-reported Rutter score at ~7 (n = 6294) and ~11 years (n = 5598), self-esteem assessed from self-reported Culture-Free Self-Esteem Inventory score at ~11 years (n = 6937) and depressive symptoms assessed from self-reported Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score at ~13 years (n = 5797)...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132814/incidence-of-child-and-adolescent-mental-disorders-in-children-aged-0-17-with-familial-high-risk-for-severe-mental-illness-a-danish-register-study
#2
Anne A E Thorup, Thomas Munk Laursen, Trine Munk-Olsen, Anne Ranning, Preben Bo Mortensen, Kerstin J Plessen, Merete Nordentoft
BACKGROUND: Offspring of parents with severe mental illness (SMI: schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or major depressive disorder) have an increased risk of developing mental disorder themselves. In childhood they may have neurodevelopmental delays, cognitive deficits and social adversities. We aimed to investigate if these individuals are more at risk of being diagnosed with a mental disorder during childhood/adolescence in a national sample. METHODS: By linking Danish registers we established a cohort consisting of all persons born to parents with SMI with those born to parents without SMI serving as a reference group...
November 10, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130493/trajectories-of-resting-frontal-brain-activity-and-psychopathology-in-female-adolescents-exposed-to-child-maltreatment
#3
Alva Tang, Vladimir Miskovic, Ayelet Lahat, Masako Tanaka, Harriet MacMillan, Ryan J Van Lieshout, Louis A Schmidt
Resting frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) alpha asymmetry patterns reflecting different affective and motivational tendencies have been proposed as a putative mechanism underlying resilience among maltreated youth. This 2-year prospective study examined whether developmental stability of resting frontal alpha asymmetry moderated the relation between child maltreatment severity and psychopathology in female adolescents (n = 43; ages 12-16) recruited from child protection agencies. Results identified two trajectories of resting frontal asymmetry: 60...
November 12, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124497/parent-child-endorsement-discrepancies-among-youth-at-chronic-risk-for-depression
#4
Bridget A Makol, Antonio J Polo
Depression is one of the most common mental health problems among U.S. adolescents, particularly among Latinos. Parent-child ratings of the presence and severity of child depressive symptoms show only low-to-moderate agreement. However, research has failed to examine discrepancies in populations with the highest levels of unmet need and little is known about patterns and predictors of parent-child agreement in ratings of depressive symptoms among ethnic minority families in community settings. Using a sample of 184 low-income, predominantly Latino, 5th through 7th grade students (63...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117922/depression-anxiety-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-youth-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-review-of-prevalence-and-treatment-interventions
#5
REVIEW
Swetha Yatham, Shalini Sivathasan, Rosalia Yoon, Tricia L da Silva, Arun V Ravindran
BACKGROUND: Low and middle income countries (LMICs) not only have the majority of the world's population but also the largest proportion of youth. Poverty, civil conflict and environmental stressors tend to be endemic in these countries and contribute to significant psychiatric morbidity, including depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, mental health data from LMICs is scarce, particularly data on youth. Evaluation of such information is crucial for planning services and reducing the burden of disability...
October 31, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116297/maternal-depression-and-anxiety-associated-with-dental-fear-in-children-a-cohort-of-adolescent-mothers-in-southern-brazil
#6
Vanessa Polina Pereira Costa, Marcos Britto Correa, Marília Leão Goettems, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco
Exposure to maternal symptoms of depression/anxiety has long-term negative consequences for child development, regardless of the contextual risk. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship of the symptomatology of persistent maternal depression and anxiety with child dental fear. This study was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers in southern Brazil. Symptomatology of maternal depression and anxiety was assessed during pregnancy and postpartum, when the mothers' children were 24-36 months old, using Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory...
November 6, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113038/micronutrient-dietary-intake-in-latina-pregnant-adolescents-and-its-association-with-level-of-depression-stress-and-social-support
#7
Angelie Singh, Caroline Trumpff, Jeanine Genkinger, Alida Davis, Marisa Spann, Elizabeth Werner, Catherine Monk
Adolescent pregnant women are at greater risk for nutritional deficits, stress, and depression than their adult counterparts, and these risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes are likely interrelated. This study evaluated the prevalence of nutritional deficits in pregnant teenagers and assessed the associations among micronutrient dietary intake, stress, and depression. One hundred and eight pregnant Latina adolescents completed an Automated Self-Administered 24-hour dietary recall (ASA24) in the 2nd trimester...
November 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107398/the-stress-reward-mentalizing-model-of-depression-an-integrative-developmental-cascade-approach-to-child-and-adolescent-depressive-disorder-based-on-the-research-domain-criteria-rdoc-approach
#8
REVIEW
Patrick Luyten, Peter Fonagy
The Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) propose a much-needed change in approach to the study of vulnerability factors implicated in mental disorders, shifting away from a categorical, disease-oriented model to a dimensional approach that focuses on underlying systems implicated in psychopathology. In this paper we illustrate this approach with a focus on the emergence of depression in childhood and adolescence. Based on evolutionary biological and developmental psychopathology considerations, we present an integrative developmental cascade model of depression that essentially suggests that depression emerges out of a three-pronged series of interacting impairments in the domains of stress regulation, reward, and mentalizing...
October 9, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102026/amygdala-reward-reactivity-mediates-the-association-between-preschool-stress-response-and-depression-severity
#9
Michael S Gaffrey, Deanna M Barch, Ryan Bogdan, Katrina Farris, Steven E Petersen, Joan L Luby
BACKGROUND: Research in adolescents and adults has suggested that altered neural processing of reward following early life adversity is a highly promising depressive intermediate phenotype. However, very little is known about how stress response, neural processing of reward, and depression are related in very young children. The present study examined the concurrent associations between cortisol response following a stressor, functional brain activity to reward, and depression severity in children 4 to 6 years old...
September 7, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095747/sleep-sufficiency-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-tourette-s-disorder-national-survey-of-children-s-health
#10
Emily J Ricketts, Michelle Rozenman, Caitlin Choy, Hannah B Goldberg, Jessica S Kim, Christopher S Colwell, James T McCracken, John Piacentini
OBJECTIVE: The present study compared sleep sufficiency in youth with current Tourette's disorder (TD), history of TD and matched case controls, and examined predictors of sufficient sleep using a large US population-based survey. METHOD: Participants were 673 caregivers of youth aged 6 to 17 years (298 with current TD, 122 with a history of TD with no endorsement of current diagnosis, and 254 matched case controls) from the 2007 and 2011-2012 versions of the National Survey of Children's Health...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083042/practitioner-review-current-best-practice-in-the-use-of-parent-training-and-other-behavioural-interventions-in-the-treatment-of-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#11
REVIEW
David Daley, Saskia Van Der Oord, Maite Ferrin, Samuele Cortese, Marina Danckaerts, Manfred Doepfner, Barbara J Van den Hoofdakker, David Coghill, Margaret Thompson, Philip Asherson, Tobias Banaschewski, Daniel Brandeis, Jan Buitelaar, Ralf W Dittmann, Chris Hollis, Martin Holtmann, Eric Konofal, Michel Lecendreux, Aribert Rothenberger, Paramala Santosh, Emily Simonoff, Cesar Soutullo, Hans Christoph Steinhausen, Argyris Stringaris, Eric Taylor, Ian C K Wong, Alessandro Zuddas, Edmund J Sonuga-Barke
BACKGROUND: Behavioural interventions are recommended for use with children and young people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); however, specific guidance for their implementation based on the best available evidence is currently lacking. METHODS: This review used an explicit question and answer format to address issues of clinical concern, based on expert interpretation of the evidence with precedence given to meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077142/-non-invasive-neurostimulation-in-the-treatment-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#12
S van der Meersche, G Lemmens, C Matton, C Baeken
Neurostimulation is a potentially interesting treatment option for children and adolescents with psychiatric disorders.<br/> AIM: To review the efficacy of two non-invasive neurostimulation techniques, namely repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rtms) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tdcs), in the treatment of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders.<br/> METHOD: We searched the literature research using PubMed.<br/> RESULTS: There is some evidence that rtms is being used to treat unipolar depression, psychosis, autism spectrum disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and tic disorder...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072189/association-of-maternal-depression-with-children-s-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#13
S Sfelinioti, M Livaditis
Family problems are considered to be the main risk factor leading to the development of behavi oural problems during childhood and adolescence as well. A well documented fact in the current literature is that psychopathology of any kind in parents may influence behaviour, personality and appearance of psychopathology in their children. The permanent interaction between children's psychopathology or any kind of developmental disorder on one hand and parental psychopathology on the other, is considered to be one of the most important fields of research during the last decades...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066986/the-mediating-effect-of-self-efficacy-in-the-connections-between-strength-based-parenting-happiness-and-psychological-distress-in-teens
#14
Daniel J Loton, Lea E Waters
Preliminary studies of strength-based parenting (SBP), a style of parenting that seeks to build strengths knowledge and strengths use in one's child, have reported benefits such as higher life satisfaction, subjective wellbeing, and positive emotions together with lower stress in children and teens. Two proximal mediators conveying these effects have been identified: teen's own use of strengths and strength-based coping, along with a small moderating effect of growth mindsets relating to strengths. The current study tests the potential mediating effect of self-efficacy, a sense of agency in life, in the relationship between SBP and mental health (wellbeing and illbeing) in teens...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056758/disclosure-stress-social-support-and-depressive-symptoms-among-cisgender-bisexual-youth
#15
Amanda M Pollitt, Joel A Muraco, Arnold H Grossman, Stephen T Russell
Bisexual youth are at elevated risk for depression compared to lesbians and gay men. Research on bisexual stigma suggests these youth are uniquely vulnerable to stress related to sexual identity disclosure. Depression associated with this stress may be buffered by social support from parents and friends. We examined the differential influence of social support from parents and friends (Child and Adolescent Social Support Scale) on the relation between disclosure stress (LGBTQ Coming Out Stress Scale) and depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory) and differences by gender in a sample of cisgender bisexual youth (n = 383) using structural equation modeling...
October 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049860/could-we-use-parent-report-as-a-valid-proxy-of-child-report-on-anxiety-depression-and-distress-a-systematic-investigation-of-father-mother-child-triads-in-children-successfully-treated-for-leukemia
#16
Cybelle Abate, Sarah Lippé, Laurence Bertout, Simon Drouin, Maja Krajinovic, Émélie Rondeau, Daniel Sinnett, Caroline Laverdière, Serge Sultan
BACKGROUND: Systematic assessment of emotional distress is recommended in after care. Yet, it is unclear if parent report may be used as a proxy of child report. The aim of this study was to assess agreements and differences and explore possible moderators of disagreement between child and parent ratings. METHODS: Sixty-two young survivors treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (9-18 years) and both parents responded to the Beck Youth Inventory (anxiety and depression) and the distress rating scale on the child's status...
October 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044497/pediatric-headache-and-sleep-disturbance-a-comparison-of-diagnostic-groups
#17
Jonathan Rabner, Karen J Kaczynski, Laura E Simons, Alyssa LeBel
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether sleep disturbance differs by headache diagnosis in a pediatric sample, and whether this effect remains when other factors affecting sleep are included. BACKGROUND: Primary headache disorders can be severe and disabling, impacting a child's functioning and quality of life. Many children and adolescents with chronic headaches also experience sleep difficulties, and there is likely a bidirectional relationship between headaches and sleep difficulties...
October 17, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028562/common-and-differential-factors-associated-with-abstinence-and-poly-drug-use-among-australian-adolescents
#18
Simone Pettigrew, Michelle Jongenelis, David Lawrence, Wavne Rikkers
BACKGROUND: Social norms relating to youth substance use are changing. In Australia, alcohol use among adolescents has fallen dramatically and tobacco and cannabis use have also reduced, albeit more moderately. The aim of the present study was to identify (i) factors associated with compliance with recommendations for zero intake of alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis and (ii) factors associated with poly drug use (intake of all three substances). METHODS: As part of the Young Minds Matter Study, a self-report survey was administered to 1661 Australian adolescents aged 15-17 years...
October 10, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990447/psychotic-like-experiences-in-help-seeking-adolescents-dimensional-exploration-and-association-with-different-forms-of-bullying-victimization-a-developmental-social-psychiatry-perspective
#19
Gennaro Catone, Roberta Marotta, Simone Pisano, Belinda Lennox, Marco Carotenuto, Antonella Gritti, Antonio Pascotto, Matthew R Broome
BACKGROUND: Psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) are common in the general population and increase the risk of psychotic disorders. Adolescents are a high-risk group of this condition. Stressful events, such as bullying, have a role in the onset of PLEs. This study has several aims: (1) to assess PLEs in adolescents seeking help from a Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service, (2) to assess the association of PLEs with specific bullying victimization and (3) to assess difference in PLEs and victimizations by sex and age...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984151/testing-the-2%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-2-model-of-perfectionism-in-ecuadorian-adolescent-population
#20
María Vicent, Cándido J Inglés, Carolina Gonzálvez, Ricardo Sanmartín, Virginia Narcisa Ortega-Sandoval, José Manuel García-Fernández
This study aimed to test the 2 × 2 model of dispositional perfectionism in an Ecuadorian sample of 1562 students aged between 12 and 17 years ( M = 14.83 years, standard deviation  = 1.86 years). The Child and Adolescent Perfectionism Scale and the brief 21-item version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales were used. Cluster analysis revealed four profiles: Pure Self-Oriented Perfectionism, Pure Socially Prescribed Perfectionism, Mixed Perfectionism, and Non-perfectionism. Mixed Perfectionism and Non-perfectionism obtained, respectively, the highest and lowest scores in anxiety, depression, and stress...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
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