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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068464/clinical-outcomes-in-children-and-adolescents-with-bipolar-disorder-and-substance-use-disorder-comorbidity
#1
Taiane de Azevedo Cardoso, Karen Jansen, Cristian Patrick Zeni, João Quevedo, Giovana Zunta-Soares, Jair C Soares
OBJECTIVE: To assess the global functioning and clinical outcomes of children and adolescents with bipolar disorder, children and adolescents with bipolar disorder and substance use disorder (SUD) comorbidity and healthy controls. METHODS: This study had a cross-sectional design. Participants were children and adolescents aged between 6 and 17 years, and data were collected between 2003 and 2015. Psychiatric diagnosis was established according to DSM-IV criteria using the Kiddie-SADS-Present and Lifetime Version or the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060443/depression-impacts-the-physiological-responsiveness-of-mother-daughter-dyads-during-social-interaction
#2
Marlissa C Amole, Jill M Cyranowski, Aidan G C Wright, Holly A Swartz
BACKGROUND: Maternal depression is associated with increased risk of psychiatric illness in offspring. While risk may relate to depressed mothers' difficulties regulating emotions in the context of interacting with offspring, physiological indicators of emotion regulation have rarely been examined during mother-child interactions-and never among mother-adolescent dyads in which both mother and adolescent have histories of major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: We examined changes in high-frequency heart rate variability (HF-HRV), an indicator of parasympathetic (vagal) function that has been related to depression, stress, social engagement, and emotion regulation, in 46 mother-daughter dyads (23 in which both mother and daughter had an MDD history and 23 never-depressed controls)...
January 6, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058729/role-of-the-attachment-style-in-determining-the-association-between-headache-features-and-psychological-symptoms-in-migraine-children-and-adolescents-an-analytical-observational-case-control-study
#3
Samuela Tarantino, Cristiana De Ranieri, Cecilia Dionisi, Valentina Gagliardi, Maria Francesca Paniccia, Alessandro Capuano, Roberto Frusciante, Martina Balestri, Federico Vigevano, Simonetta Gentile, Massimiliano Valeriani
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study the role of attachment style on headache severity and psychological symptoms in migraineurs children/adolescents. Moreover, we investigated the association between attachment style, migraine severity, and psychological symptoms. BACKGROUND: Attachment theory suggests that early interpersonal relationships may be important determinants of psychopathology and pain management. In particular, individuals with insecure attachment styles have been shown to experience more pain than people with secure attachment style...
January 6, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056883/marijuana-use-and-sex-with-multiple-partners-among-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-youth-results-from-a-national-sample
#4
Xiaoyun Zhang, Li-Tzy Wu
BACKGROUND: Sex with multiple partners (SMP) is one of the important contributing factors for contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among adolescents and young adults, especially among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual (LGB) youth. Past studies mainly focus on examining associations of alcohol or club drugs use with unprotected sexual behaviors among adult homo/bisexual men, while little is known about the temporal association between marijuana use (MU) and SMP among LGB youth. METHODS: This study examined the relationship between MU and SMP among LGB adolescents and young adults...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054712/early-high-school-engagement-in-students-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#5
Nardia Zendarski, Emma Sciberras, Fiona Mensah, Harriet Hiscock
BACKGROUND: Students with attention/deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) continue to languish behind their peers with regard to academic achievement and education attainment. School engagement is potentially modifiable, and targeting engagement may be a means to improve education outcomes. AIMS: To investigate school engagement for students with ADHD during the crucial high school transition period and to identify factors associated with low school engagement. SAMPLE: Participants are adolescents (12-15 years) in the first and third year of high school with diagnosed ADHD (n = 130)...
January 5, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051337/change-in-parental-depressive-symptoms-in-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Dunja Tutus, Ferdinand Keller, Cedric Sachser, Elisa Pfeiffer, Lutz Goldbeck
OBJECTIVES: Depressive symptoms are frequently described in parents whose children have been exposed to traumatic events. Hence, including nonoffending parents in trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) for children and adolescents may help both children and their parents to cope with the trauma. Up to now, three randomized controlled trials have investigated parental depressive symptoms after TF-CBT. Given the ambiguous results, further effectiveness trials are needed to investigate parental benefit from TF-CBT...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049104/international-development-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-child-and-adolescent-trauma-screen-cats
#7
Cedric Sachser, Lucy Berliner, Tonje Holt, Tine K Jensen, Nathaniel Jungbluth, Elizabeth Risch, Rita Rosner, Lutz Goldbeck
BACKGROUND: Systematic screening is a powerful means by which children and adolescents with posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) can be detected. Reliable and valid measures based on current diagnostic criteria are needed. AIM: To investigate the internal consistency and construct validity of the Child and Adolescent Trauma Screen (CATS) in three samples of trauma-exposed children in the US (self-reports: n=249; caregiver reports: n=267; pre-school n=190), in Germany (self-reports: n=117; caregiver reports: n=95) and in Norway (self-reports: n=109; caregiver reports: n=62)...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043839/primary-pediatric-care-psychopharmacology-focus-on-medications-for-adhd-depression-and-anxiety
#8
Jeffrey R Strawn, Eric T Dobson, Lisa L Giles
The evidence base for psychopharmacologic interventions in youth with depressive and anxiety disorders as well as attention/deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has dramatically increased over the past two decades. Psychopharmacologic interventions commonly utilized in the pediatric primary care setting-selective serotonin (norepinephrine) reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs/SSNRIs), stimulants and α2 agonists-are reviewed. General pharmacologic principles are summarized along with class-related side effects and tolerability concerns (e...
December 30, 2016: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040827/family-structure-and-childhood-mental-disorders-new-findings-from-australia
#9
Francisco Perales, Sarah E Johnson, Janeen Baxter, David Lawrence, Stephen R Zubrick
PURPOSE: Many children now live in non-traditional families-including one-parent, blended, and step families. While a substantial body of international evidence indicates that these children display poorer cognitive and socio-emotional outcomes than children living in traditional families, research on childhood mental disorders is scarce. This report provides new evidence of the relationships between family structure and childhood mental disorders in an under-researched context, Australia...
December 31, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035127/medical-use-nonmedical-use-of-prescription-medication-and-risk-behaviour-among-croatian-adolescents
#10
Marina Kuzman, Marija Posavec
BACKGROUND: At the drug scene some major shifts were observed, more and more reports highlighted the abuse of prescription medication. Despite the importance of controlled medication in treatment child and adolescent disorders, this increase may be a factor which influence misuse and nonmedical use of prescribed drugs among adolescents. SUBJECT AND METHODS: Croatian data from ESPAD survey in 2003, 2007 and 2011 were used, and variables selected from the international ESPAD questionnaire...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997235/familial-factors-victimization-and-psychological-health-among-sexual-minority-adolescents-in-sweden
#11
Kelly Donahue, Niklas Långström, Sebastian Lundström, Paul Lichtenstein, Mats Forsman
OBJECTIVES: To determine the influences of victimization experience and familial factors on the association between sexual minority status and psychological health outcomes among adolescents. METHODS: We used data from the Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden, a prospective, population-based study of all twins born in Sweden since 1992. Cross-sectional analyses included individuals who completed assessments at age 18 years (n = 4898) from 2000 to 2013. We also compared psychological health among sexual minority adolescents and their nonminority co-twins...
February 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993255/-prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-mental-disorders-in-colombian-child-population-the-2015-national-mental-health-survey
#12
Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Javier Aulí, Nathalie Tamayo Martínez, Fabián Gil, Daniel Garzón, Germán Casas
INTRODUCTION: The 2015 National Mental Health Survey aimed to expand our knowledge about the real mental state of children in Colombia, taking into account the fact that most mental disorders in adults begin during childhood or adolescence. It is essential to have an improved knowledge of the magnitude of this issue and to design timely interventions that reduce long term complications. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of the disorders in the last 12 months and 30 days according to the DSM-IV, as well as to collect data about social and demographic variables...
December 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991809/the-psychophysiology-of-parenting-individual-differences-in-autonomic-reactivity-to-positive-and-negative-mood-inductions-and-observed-parental-affect-during-dyadic-interactions-with-children
#13
Arin M Connell, Glen C Dawson, Sarah Danzo, Hannah N McKillop
Parenting is a complex activity driven, in part, by parental emotional and physiological responses. However, work examining the physiological underpinnings of parenting behavior is still in its infancy, and very few studies have examined such processes beyond early childhood. The current study examines associations between Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) indices of parents' physiological reactivity to positive and negative mood states and observed parental affect during a series of discussion tasks with their adolescent child...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983580/insomnia-phenotypes-based-on-objective-sleep-duration-in-adolescents-depression-risk-and-differential-behavioral-profiles
#14
Julio Fernandez-Mendoza, Susan L Calhoun, Alexandros N Vgontzas, Yun Li, Jordan Gaines, Duanping Liao, Edward O Bixler
Based on previous studies on the role of objective sleep duration in predicting morbidity in individuals with insomnia, we examined the role of objective sleep duration in differentiating behavioral profiles in adolescents with insomnia symptoms. Adolescents from the Penn State Child Cohort (n = 397, ages 12-23, 54.7% male) underwent a nine-hour polysomnography (PSG), clinical history, physical examination and psychometric testing, including the Child or Adult Behavior Checklist and Pediatric Behavior Scale...
December 13, 2016: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977284/adaptation-and-implementation-of-a-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-girls-in-child-welfare
#15
Wendy Auslander, Hollee McGinnis, Sarah Tlapek, Penny Smith, April Foster, Tonya Edmond, Jerry Dunn
This study describes the process of adapting and implementing Girls Aspiring toward Independence (GAIN), a trauma-focused, group-based therapy adapted from Cognitive Behavioral Intervention for Trauma in Schools (CBITS) for girls in child welfare. Descriptive data were examined on 3 outcomes: posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and social problem-solving skills among adolescent girls in the child welfare system. Qualitative and quantitative methods were utilized to inform the adaptation of the CBITS intervention, evaluate feasibility, treatment fidelity, and acceptability, and to test the effects of the intervention...
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976374/cognitive-therapy-as-an-early-treatment-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-a-randomized-controlled-trial-addressing-preliminary-efficacy-and-mechanisms-of-action
#16
Richard Meiser-Stedman, Patrick Smith, Anna McKinnon, Clare Dixon, David Trickey, Anke Ehlers, David M Clark, Adrian Boyle, Peter Watson, Ian Goodyer, Tim Dalgleish
BACKGROUND: Few efficacious early treatments for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children and adolescents exist. Previous trials have intervened within the first month post-trauma and focused on secondary prevention of later post-traumatic stress; however, considerable natural recovery may still occur up to 6-months post-trauma. No trials have addressed the early treatment of established PTSD (i.e. 2- to 6-months post-trauma). METHODS: Twenty-nine youth (8-17 years) with PTSD (according to age-appropriate DSM-IV or ICD-10 diagnostic criteria) after a single-event trauma in the previous 2-6 months were randomly allocated to Cognitive Therapy for PTSD (CT-PTSD; n = 14) or waiting list (WL; n = 15) for 10 weeks...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975107/pediatricians-as-psychiatrists
#17
Edward S Traisman
The overall health of children and teenagers is dependent on their physical and psychological health. As pediatricians, it is important to enquire about the mental health of children and adolescents at the well-child visit. Screening for depression and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is an important component of that visit. Understanding these disorders and the long-term effects on both the child and family as well as managing psychotherapeutic and pharmacological treatments are now becoming a critical part of pediatric care for children and adolescents...
December 1, 2016: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969003/parents-in-prevention-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-of-parenting-interventions-to-prevent-internalizing-problems-in-children-from-birth-to-age-18
#18
REVIEW
Marie B H Yap, Amy J Morgan, Kathryn Cairns, Anthony F Jorm, Sarah E Hetrick, Sally Merry
PURPOSE OF THE RESEARCH: Burgeoning evidence that modifiable parental factors can influence children's and adolescents' risk for depression and anxiety indicates that parents can play a crucial role in prevention of these disorders in their children. However, it remains unclear whether preventive interventions that are directed primarily at the parent (i.e. where the parent receives more than half of the intervention) are effective in reducing child internalizing (including both depression and anxiety) problems in the longer term...
October 21, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966780/annual-research-review-an-expanded-account-of-information-processing-mechanisms-in-risk-for-child-and-adolescent-anxiety-and-depression
#19
REVIEW
Jennifer Y F Lau, Allison M Waters
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression occurring during childhood and adolescence are common and costly. While early-emerging anxiety and depression can arise through a complex interplay of 'distal' factors such as genetic and environmental influences, temperamental characteristics and brain circuitry, the more proximal mechanisms that transfer risks on symptoms are poorly delineated. Information-processing biases, which differentiate youth with and without anxiety and/or depression, could act as proximal mechanisms that mediate more distal risks on symptoms...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965973/piloting-psychology-annual-reviews-as-a-method-of-measuring-psychological-distress-and-quality-of-life-in-paediatric-renal-transplant-patients
#20
Jade Bamford, Lucy Wirz
Psychosocial distress and poorer quality of life after renal transplantation are common in children and young people. This has implications for medication adherence and survival. Posttransplant psychology annual reviews were introduced in one Paediatric Renal Service in the UK as a means of measuring psychological distress and quality of life, as well as facilitating identification of patients and parents/carers who would benefit from psychological intervention. The process of completing posttransplant psychology annual reviews is discussed within this paper...
2016: BioMed Research International
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